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MvAGAZINE SECTION. Winnsboro, S. C., Wed nesday, Established 1844.
LIFE OF BABY SAVAGE,
THE TREATMENT WHICH INDIAN
PAPOOSES RECEIVE FROM
Indian Redskin Very Seldom Cries-Is
Strapped to a Plank, Washed in the
Creek and Hung on a Tree to Dry
In tie Indian papoose child nature
is essentiaily the same as in the Cat
ca ion babe, though there is a strik
ing contrast in their manners, due to
maternal treatment, or as a student of
child nature might say, to environ
ment. The chief differences, really,
between the little Indian and the little
white is that the former is less a cry
baby than the latter. The reason for
this is that the white baby usually gets
what he cries for if it be within moth
ers' power to procure it.,Learning .his
from experience, for every mother
knows how wise and shrewd the baby
is, whenever he feels that a certain ar
ticle would conduce to his content
ment, he forthwith howls. Now,- the
Pi'poose,-so far from being encouraged
in this vocal exercise, is repressed. His
mother is unresponsive and the baby
not achieving what he weeps for, soon
learns that tears and wails profit.n(,t.
Perhaps if the white mother dwelt
n tLie deserts or the mountains so that
Lal'ys eryItIg would not disturb the
ne bors even she might let him cry
- ti l weariness brought sleep. and per
-haps if the redskin mother lived
an- : sensitive neighbors she might
e :o pac:fy; the cryin bab. with
Tb - Rednzin Not Ashia-nz V
I.that the neighbors might not
e her . itu neglect of maternal
s.y, or her iaby with an evil disposi
t.ion. lci eta ther reason for the calm
and ~aci ha-it and orderliness of the
pa>'ose as ompared with his fair
broiter is th' t the darker little say
3Zg has no ci adle. crib or go-cart to
oiort and gar bol in. but is either
packe-d tightly in a basket or strapped
to a board. Ir~ this position he finds
kicking ana sO, uirming uncomfortable
exeriseand i senforced repose de
velops imto nab t1
So. the stoici mn and the tacitulrnity
of the inuian ' re nurtured in early
y.outh. though 0f course one reason for
the Ind1ian's lacl of fluency in speech
is that i l if~ an thought he has
not tn (l CG mavny words. The
primit wh e an vx as not voluble.
Bath Day ox Ppoose
The py~m h~ s o nurs'ory luxu
iS as ttl a fc babes under
*im that phrase., He has no soft and
t Wp i war prep red for him by a~
faith''l maid or fond mamma. He
is never :athered . ;;a perfumed
soap nor dusted 'jvith svweet-seented
powders. A\t intI eri. sualy two or
three time a we t h mothers of
the tribe or han ti ke teir babies to
the nearest cree. ioo or spring. ttn
strap the little onsand tumble them
into shallow water. .where they hare
a splashing time w'hile the mothers
swap the gossip o4 the tribe, for
squaws are very fem nin interlv
of personal news an ciit-heir lnolve
ing other squaws, bht'' ad braves.
When the bath is ended a cloth is
tied round the baby and he is hung
up on the branch of a tree or a sapling
till sun and wind have dried him.
Then he is packed in his basket and
trundled on his mother's back home-!
ward to the family tepee.
Death for Weakling Babies.
Nearly all Indian children that one
sees are hardy and well formed. This
is because only those of robust consti
tution survive the trials and. exposure
of their- babyhood. It is desired that
only .the naturally strong should sur
ive, for it is a custom in most of
the tribes to wilfully expose, suffoca-e
or drown born weaklings or deformed
babies. Death is the lot of the un-,
happy little baby whose health and
physique are below the tribal standard.
The Albino child, and these are more.
common among the Indians than might
be supposed, is certain to perish soon
after birth, because the coming of such
a child is regarded as evidenct' of dis
pldasire of the Gre'at. 'Spirit.
The redskin babe is released from
his lacings and swaddlings as soon as
he is old enough to walk, and then
his real child life begins. He has
great freedom. When it is warm
enough to go without clothes, and the
Indian child is inured to cold, he tum
bles and romps naked. His pets are
dogs and ponies and is as fond of
these as are his blond cousins. As he
grows old enough to run he takes an
interest in the athletic sports of the
tribe and the usual young Indian games
are deer and hounds, hide and seek,
foot racing, pony racing, bow ar d arrow
shooting, spear throwing, wrestling,
and follow the leader.
Developing the Brave.
The child is given every possible en
couragement to play and is - never
whipped by his parents, because it isI
the Indian's philosophy that whipping
breaks the spirit of the child a'nd the
Indian ambition is to be brave and
self-reliant. It is a fact that though
tie Indian child is not subject to cor
poral yierment .iAd the ruder forms
of di:s'iplin'e which white children are
often made to endure, they are rever
c.t, obedient, docile and extraordina
rily respectful toward their parents
and seniors. It is the Spartan quality
which the mother and father strive to
deN elop in their boys.
School of the Indian.
The Indian lad of the wilds is not
o )ppressed with book studies. He is
;.-:ght his nature lessons in the for
est, among the rocks or on the plains.
e learns by hunting, and camping
his elders, and every Indian lad
.i.s to win the prize of comnitadation
:v proficiency in those nature studies
whi the Indian holds is the highst
'rn of knowledge. It is around the
c fire, or the fire in the lodge, that
the youth learns the traditions of his
IN THFI11 LITTLE CRIBS.
hat H~e W.eeps For Soon Learns That~ Tears
Is Profit Not.
race. His mental food is composed of
stories of warfare, and the chase.
The education of the Indian maiden
is conducted by her mother, who teach
es all the domestic arts which the
[dian maid should know..
A New Planet Discovered.
The sure to readn '1 1 h w"e'ohs story.
N'eula,. a recentllly-disoveed Orb
withjin a hudred iles o f th earth.
The story is told1 by thel istoriain of
the expiloring -party whiichi ma~de tileI
most remairka bl.* air-ship voyage on
Had Grea. P. iwers.
A just ire of the peace for the Mlaine
wods addressing the judge as "'Mest
Hih." was reprimanded and told that
there was but one "MIost High." He
who had created the whole world out
"Well. judge." U' answered. "you cre
ated Si Sewell justice of the peace, and
if that isn't making something out o
othmg,. what is?''of
Song of' a Dakota Blizzard.
Ye that have steers, prepare to shed
On the election of Henry Addington
to the chair of the House of Commons
in 1789 the salary of the speaker was
fixed at 6,000 pounds ($30,000) per
JAPANESE YELLOW PERIL,
HIOKI CALLS iT A MYTH. ISLAND
NATION'S EYES NOT 0N
Japan Stands for Open Door and a
Square Deal to All-American Aid
Japan is inclined to resent the re
curreice of allegations in the news
papers of this country that she has
designs upon the Philippines. In an
a.ddress before the memibers of . the
Cleveland Chamber of Commerce,
lon. Eki IIloki. First Secretary of the
Japanese Legation, expressed in no
uncertain terms what is believed to
he a detinite staTe-ent of the policy
of the Mikado with reference to the
PON. EN! 1110KI
Secretary of the Japanese Embassy.
attitude (of that nation. in her future
imdAistrial and colilercial life. 'Ir.
Jliiki l-s special emiiphasis upon the
frank aid authoritItive disavowals of
ilie frequently-reported ambition of
Japan to absorb the Philippine Islands
for her own people.
"For the sake of argument." said
Mr. llioki, ":iying aside entirely ior
the moment consideration of the nio
live of Japan reg:'ding the present
subject, let me ask you a question.
Can you believe that this great Amer
icn 'pjeo'jie who glory in their national
spirit in their gigantic strength, in
their boundless wealth, in their mar
velous development, and look forward
with proud and conlident anticipation
to the time when they shall be the
first inl the race civilization has set
for man to run. would allow her flag
to be lowered. be it in the Philippines
or anywhere else which legitimately
belongzs to her. by any hands but hers'
No, most emphatically no. That is
the spirit with which you c'ling to
your etW possession.; in the Pacific
aind t1hat ouglt to lbe the spirit of thme
people wlho respect honor and justice.
Would Mean Gigantic War.
"\nd who (.n le t i undersulmnd
that spirit of the Amevricanms than tIe
Japamiese? Therefore. if .lapan iiar
bored such a sinister design as is at
triblited to her, she must h)(. preparod
to phliige in a war far more gigai;
than the one just ended aga inst a u
tion to which she owes much 1that
she is to-day and to whose people_ she
OWeS tha t mmioral 1ad inancial support
so unreservedly given at thme most
ritical period inl her hi.story. No.
the l'hilippines are nt worbi the sac
riice of such a valumabIle friendshiip as
that of America antd thme enormous
losses ini men( and~ motney which such
a war would necessailyi enitaili. Nor
is Jm a ii ini a positio to111 carry on an
ither costly wvar, but for self-defense.
For Open Door in China.
"Thie ju-rentsed pretstige of- Jiraan
ture(d the. eves oif the wo-rldl towaird
the prlem of ii i whatit itiuence Japane I
will wield over China. Some people
rro so far as to aissert that .Iiiiin
vill control Chinta. p)roclaimi the 31on
ro do-trinme for .Asia. and drive out
fron lhe East :all the white devilus
m md -x tvamintate the Western in tin
ene(es w.iitii its horders.
"Wmitot qjuestioninig either the
value of lie pirinciples contained in
the so-c n1lled Mlonroe dloctrine or its
tppieahiity to the Easterni situation
it presenit. 1 can simply say that such
in idea has not entered into the JIapa
ese mtind1 anmd sucht a policy has not
~eeni even the symptonms of formation.
or the mmaintentance of the integrity
md independence of China. Japan
oined hands with Great Britain. For
mauring eqiual opportunities in China.
Iapirient hler- n~ger efforts to the
'nited 8iT'fs to muak' "r - door
>oicy effectively operative.
Cjmpetition with America.
"It is atbsurd." cnuttiued Mfr. ITioki.
to sayv thuit in the course of a few
rears .\m-ricn goods will lie crowded
tt of the Chinese market byv Japa
mse comnpetit ion. Thme ma in grounrd
tlpOn w\vbich rests this a~ ptrehetnsioti is
hat Jlapana has chI eap ihotr at i-om
and. But linhtir in .Japani does ntot
emain chteap. The (fftect of the Chii
-apamn w ra s tio doulei te
ice oif laboer. :tnd t he war t with Rus
in moust raise it ain-h h inher. Tn
itie of thiis- dlisadv iainiges .Japana
moust d.-v-li her e onnnmertc' andi itnduts
ry, atnd she will hav 10 t compete
vit 1 th worlid-h. fri-tiu or fle. lier
-otnereini war w ill be fotughtr jtust
is faitly and' siquarily as thme rieal warmi
:i ks no fauvor front Chinam that is
m-:nted toi the enttire' worlid. She
tundst- fitr thei op-ti door anmd, tn the
Amer-ican Capital Welcomed.
"JaT~pan wi h-omew- (e!pital1 iol mte r
al ft-om any- -onumryv. The- Itmit' i
tat--s is sutpplyitiz mater-iails for iim
ortatt Japa nose industrie: whym i-a
o shte sttpply thme capitnl ~'Why eann
here ntot 1he a -ommrein i allitne ht'li
wectn Jtpan t anmd the I'nited Staites'
rVc .a i-inliner to dlividle .a faii- slatre
tif tih profits wherever gained with
an.y wopk-. The l'nited States; has
lwoen. is. an1d vill be Jaipau's best cus
Future of the Orient.
"'The future of tho Orient is great.
and the greater it is the better for the
world. With peace guaranteed by the
Anglo-Japancse alliatnce. anu equal op
portunities in Korea and China se
cured by that treaty, as well as by
the agreement of the policies of the
three great Pacilie powers-Japan, the
United States and Great Britaia-an
important era has dawned upon the
Orient. During the last quarter of a
century all the great events of the
world have transpired in the East.
For years to come the East will still
be the center of the world's great
BLACK WALNUT NUTMEGS.
Bishop Potter Was Sure That He
Was Tasting the R.,al Article.
The power of suggestion is not
merely a phrase; it really is a power.
It has the strength to deceive men in
the matter of cigars, wines, whiskeys
and what not. It is a force in medicine
as every doctor knows. It is an agent
.n therapeutics. The power of sug
gestion and the force of example are
intimately related. But to illustrate
the pranks which suggestion may play
with one's palate the following story is
told on Bishop Potter, a reverend gen
tleman of ecclc.astic note and recent
Subway Taverr fame:
In the course of his diocesan ram
bles he called on an old friend from
the South. It was evening, and the
bishop was invited to supper, not din
ner, for as people of the South know,
the appropriate time fo:: dinner is mid
day and the meal after candle-light is
supper. One of the dishes served was
cottage-cheese or as it is more often
called in the ]anguage of the olden
time "smear-case." This is often eaten
under a plentiful dressing of cream
and sugar. The bishop elected to have
a "mess" of "smear-case" but his ap
petite craved a little grated nutmeg as
a flavor. This was eabarrassing to
the host's wife at the foot of the sup
per table, but she said to Aunt Dinah,
who waited on table, "Aunt Dinah,
bring the bishop some nutmeg."
"Dar ain't no nutmegs in de pantry,"
whispered Aunt Dinah.
"Well, ask Mrs. Tomlinson, next
door, to lend me one."
"She ain't got none. She done use
de las' she hayde in makin' egg-nog,"
reported Aunt Dinah.
"Well, then, run down to Miss Bet
sy's and see if she's got a nutmeg."
said the troubled hostess. who talked
with augmented vivacity and anima
tion to make the time pass quickly till
that nutmeg should be broug-ht. Soon
Aunt Dinah came in. her black face
wreathed with triumphant smiles, and
placed before the bishop the mess of
"smear-case" generously sprinkled
with grated nutmeg.
"Ah," said the bishop. speaking with
that tone of complacent assurance.
coming from a consciou1sness of a per
feet familiarity v.iih his subject,
smacki.ng his lips and beaming with
Flood Damnage to.
Railroad Bridgc on
Aoliceku ' Rizcr,
East T, innCsscc.
a muost he~a tifie exNpreossion. "what a
grateful flavor nmtmeg does add to
smear-ease. This is the paragon of the
The supper dishes cleared up and
ranr bishop gone. the hostess said to
A nat Dinah. "DBe sure and get Miss
P' sy' another nutmeg at the store in
I or'. Miss. Miss Betsy dildn't had no
nt-"eg. I jes' took a piece of black wal
wvi ''rm de ole wind(ow sill what dat
anikee carpenter was repairin' to-day,
an don. grated it over de cheese.
CRUSADE HEADED BY PRESID
FOREST FAMINE A
Reserving forests in the west from
monopolizatioi for private gain is a
goverliielt policy with which the peo
pie have become somewhat familiar,
our nationa-l forest reserves amounting
now to nearly sixty million acres; but
the idea of ap)lying this principle to
the older forests in the eastern states
may be new to sone people and yet
is becoming a )roIniIeIIL one. Noth
ing is giving it popularity and import
ance so muen as tie great interest
manifested by the President in ie
Ther'e are proposed great national
reservations in the Southern Appala
chian forests. in the White Mountains,
in Minnesota, and in other eastern
states, entirely separ:te and ar .rt from
the great reservations in the west.
President Roosevelt is an arch disci
ple of forestry and the great promi
ience into which the subject has
juiped may Lhe indicated by the
growth of the Bureau of Forestry
froil a snill oflice. a few years ago,
emnployingo half a dozen people-. to :in
institultionl w'ith annual1,1 appropriations
of half a niilon doll:irs. eiploying
hundreds of trained foresters in the
field, and having the supervisioli. :
tual and tentat live of niarly a hundred
million acres of forest.
If there ever was a national ques
tion it is forestr.. ant the People of
the country are wvise in waking up. or
fortilnate in being wvakened up. to its
overshlaiowvi: I lilportance before i
revocable :a1mage hll have boen
The largest of the proposed eastern
forest reserves is that in the Soutlheri
Appalai:an ii\ountains anid that its
establijmeit is a matter of national
concern was dvelt upon with empha
sis by President Itoosevelt in his :id
dress at Ralleigli, N. C.. on October 20.
IIo pointed out how vitally souther'i
forests affect southern indus
tries an d thus the entire coun
try. The entire south-the territory
east of the Mississippi anli south of
the Ohio rivers-is affected by this
proposed reservation of some four
million mountain acres in which rise
all the rivers which water this area.
The President said:
"I walt to say a word to yOU on a
special su bect in which a tle eonn
I*vN is concerned. but in which North!
Carolina has a special concern. The
preservatioi of the forests is vital to
the welfare ,f every country. China
and the MIediterranean countries offer
examples of the terribeect of d(
f orestationl uponl the Physical geogra
phy, and therefore ultinately uion
the national wellebeing of the nt
One of the 1miost obvious duties w -
cur generation owes to the generations
that are to come after us is to pre
serve the e(xistingz forests. The pri'e
liiffrt"r.'e betveel ci vilZed :1ad tin
eivilzed peoples is that in civilized
hat we ad vr oor-hlde
pooh" a (i eneatin wr0 cnt ovey
lv fo itSown ell-eing bin Lior and H
horn a a ifwe hrmitIale natric.lit r
soucesof hi lad liadsoed snrakb
- POStTIVEL.Y 1
ui' dmdr cam~
* HEWES & P
i .4 - S7 LINCOL
ENT ROOSEVELT TO PREVENT
'D FLOOD RAVAGE.
herita:ge diminished in value we there
by prove our uiitiless to stand in the
forefront of civilized peoples.
. orest Wealth a Great Heritage.
*One of the greatest of these heri
tages is our forest wealth. It is the
upper altitudes of the forested moun
taills that are most valuable to the
nation us a whole. especially because
of their effects upon the water supply.
Neitber state or untion can afford to
turn tlese mountains over to the un
restrained greed of those who would
exploit thei at the expense of the
future. We cannot afford to wait lon
ger before assuming control. in the
interest of the pulic. of these forests:
for if we do wait. the vested interosts
of private parties inl them i may become
so strongly imn ed that it may h,.
a mo14st eesive task to oust them. If
the Ensiern tamTvs are wie. then from
Ithe J:ay of Fuily to the Gulf we will
see, w ihLi tihe next few years a policy
Copyrighted. R. L. Ihunn.
ICHARACTERISTIC ATTITi DE OF TBE
PRESIDENT IN NORtTH CARO
set on foot similar to That so fortu
nately carried out in the high Sierras
of the west by the national gover:
ment. All the higher Applachiam
i should be reserved. either by the
1 states or by the namtion. I much pry
hor that theyhshou:d he pt under m:
onal control. but it is a mere truisi.;
to say that they viii iot be reservei.
* Ither by tie sates or by the natio:.
uness you people of t1he South sho-.:
a sZrong1 interest therein.
Woulu Prevent F1 ods a: d Create
"Such rest *-ns would he a payin
investilleilt. :t only1 il lrotection t
iiany interests. iut in dolars iln d
ents TO tne governmient. The im
portanlce to th~e soinoeirni peopl e:o
protecting the sout heriniomountainl for
ests is obvious. These forests are
the best diefense against the nloods
which, in the recent past. have. durhrg
a single twel fthi-iunth, destroyed
property Otticilly valuead at nearly
twice whai~t it would cost to buy theC
Southlern -\ppalahiaimn reserve.
"The miniteniance of your southern
water p~ower's is not less important
than the prevetion of floods, because
if they are injured your manufactur
ing interests will suffer with thlem.
Tile perp~etuation of your forests. ~
whlich have done so nmuchl for the
South. should be one of the first oh
jects of your publie men. The two
senators from North Carolina have
taken an honorable part in this move
ment. But I do not think that the
people of Northl Carolina, oar of any
other southern state. have quite grasp
ed the imiportalnce of this mnovemen~t
to the c-omm~ercial development and
prosperity of the southl. -
The President's Message to
The special mless::;:e s- 0
gress b~y the Presi onl the Sotuth
ernAc lcupy~ev ed like a
story. It-touches upon tile interest in
tile sflbject of the scientists anld the
-terrbermnan. of the geologist and1 the
farnmer, tihe meteorologist and the
fruit grower, the business man11 and
the engineer, and the steamiship pilot
an;d the homneseeker. .The Presidenta
transmits with his messalge ai report
of tile Secretary of Agriculture. pre
pa red in collab.oration with the IDe
partument of the Interior. tupon the
forests. ivmers and mnounltains of the
S*ouithlern Appahichlian r-egion. and upl
onl Its aigricultturl 1situation as5 affitet
ed by Ttem, and says ini palrt:
The report of the Secretary pre
senlts thle linial results5 of an investiga
tion auhorized byv thle last Congress.
Its conluis:i ms po'int unisitaka~:bly. in
tihe judgmenc~t of the Secretary and in
myI ownI. to. 1helC creattioni of ai nait ional
lorest reserve in certa in pa rts of the
Southern States. Thie facts set forth
all econlomie need of p~rinmi imnportalnce
to the w-elfare of the South. alfd bene
to that of the nation as a whlole, and
ee. Will Outwey Three Ordinary Kmnds.
~av We.:ih. for .aon and u'th. Lotra lenths,
iatc warranited nonl-ai metl parts, and
"ft. pialie nunl iio: lcather ad. :h.-' are
"E BEST GUSPENDER MADE.
or .pdyyu. we' a'm. p tpa. 101 ia ien.
)T TE R, I reaa1 Sa'ic-a al ila 31:e
iST.. BOSTON. MASS.
TDre m..A Surlennda= Stylesa "E rcoR Teqtest