Newspaper Page Text
KILLED ON TRACK
Three Men Meet With lerrible
and Sudden Death
ANOTHER. NARROWLY ESCAPED
- . D. Hill, Richard Rogers, and J. E.
Stcne Met Instant DeatL at Rail
road Crossing, Their Bodies Being
SptaIbur. S. C.. Special.-In the
twit:'Wkn Ot 'n eye three menl were
iin :nt iv kiule l near the Braley
stie: roin' of the SoutheIn Rail
rod, in ;he city limits Tuesday morn
in at o '!ock. being run down by
pas'n'r train No. . 0rom Atlanta.
Ted''a. men are:
ii baInrd ikogers. ope*ratives in eo
tonl o Il.
.. 1". Stoie. mal carrier at uo
A Fourth man with the party
escedf inijury. Four men were stand
in', en the east track, watching a
pas-ieg frei-'ht train and, with light
ning dash, the second train bore down
up thm fro around the curve a
tdine south. The bodies of
th1. :Ien were horribly mutiliated.
Hi' rniains being crushed beyond
recoa-.ition and the parts being dis
tribted alongr the track for 50 yards.
Ti train ias in charge of Conduc.
tor Gordon and Engineer Fogus. Hill
hadl on his person tax receipts from
Pelzer and it is thought that he had
ben: in t'le mills there prior to com
iI to Spartanburg. Rogers is a son
of Rev. Rogers, formerly pastor ar
Whit .,v. The young man was IS
years of age and worked in the Saxon
JUDGE CALHOUN'S REPORT.
Or investigation of Situation in
Washington, Special:-The report
<f .i lge Calhoun. on the investiga
tion In regard to Venezuela. has been
at b ost cmpleted aid lie will hand the
Set-: etary his report shortly after
Cn.w ress assembles. It is understood
tmin it will show Venezuela had a
s r.n juistification in proceding
a1ai::st the New York and Bermuda
Asphalt Co., for its failure to live ip
to i's contracts, and for its partici
*patitoin in the Matos revolution. The
report will also show that Germany
is in high favor in Venezuela.
Will Build New Western Road.
Boise City, Idaho. Special.-The
stookholders of the San Francisco,
llatho & Montana Railroad will hold
thir annual meeting here anid will
authorize a bond issue to the amount
otf $2,500,000. for the purpose of
b)uiling the first division of the road
fromi Boise City to Winnemucca. Nev..
a <istanee of 210 miles. The eon
traet is already left to the San Fran
cixco, Idaho & Montana Railroad Con
struc'tion Company and the actual
work on the road will begin the first
<ii iext month. The complany is an
Idlaho, corporation, but the general of
fiets~ are located in 3tinneapolis.
5.000 R.eported Killed.
L. ndion, England.-The correspon
dlent of the Daily Press at St. Peters
hrin a dispatch dhated 6:15 p. m..
1)ee-mher 25, says: "At an early
hou:r the casualities at Moscow were
e('im!ated at 5.000 killed and 14.000
wounded, with the fighting still in
piro::ress. The inhabitants of Moscow
hav" been forbidden to leave their
twelina~s after 7 o'clock in the even
a F I is impossible to move about
city in consequwee of the fre
mner of stray bullets. Many inno
e is lhave been accidenlly
kile'd. The scarcity of provisions is
Fire in Fairfax.1
Fa irfax. Special.-Twvo dwellings
luses, owned respectively by Nor
man Pauline and Toni Daniels, both
cobred. and a church buildin.g belong
in.g to the negro Baptist of this place
wecre destroyed by tire Thursday night.
Th'e fire originated in Norman Pan
!int''s kitehen and soon gained such
headwaym that it could not be control
led. The Do niels house and the church
being in close proximity. they. too.
we' e soon in flames. The church was
insured for $500. as much as it was
wo;rth, and it is said that the two
riweilings were insured up to their
N':wi York. Special.-The legis
1a ( ive iance investigation 'ommii'it
w* wh";'.ich has been taking i ng :ries
,n:no t he a ffa irs of the big life insuir
a:T comp auwits. wil sit omnorrow. and
da rmah~n-rthree days oft the~ week
x:0e: i~l tan out ofi existenee.
V. I :z.n-piioni ofj no:tingt a report
Le:o tiure. Ana investientiton
he I:-:itrnl ti:urne societ ies
n se to Io by a the commiiutec
So" Defends M',other.
tis' m'othe ag .ainst her quarrelsome
buha,.Iosoph Polock. agedl 22 years
o, i3" We c1 tumberianid streect st rucik
h:i" fathri the tare a blow wichlt
b?'n *irre - d charged with murder.
m:. hi mother held as a witness.
.sthe son.who is a lay preacher,.
I:sbe from homtie, hotldim: a
C* istuis enttertintment.
$60,000 Fire at Uniiontown, ?a.
Tueda monigesroe the inter*
ter ofteFxchange Hotel. which is
om~ of the leading hotels here. The
(damage will exceed $60.000, wvhich
was partly insured. The tire orig
tnstedl fronm an unknown cause inl tihe
boiler room. All of the guests and
emipb :yes escaped, but were in scant
.ae, andmll1 lost their possessions.
A BIG HOTEL IN fLAMES
Hotel Porter Destroyed by Fire Early
This Morning-Hotel Imperial and
Hotel Temperance Also Damaged
All the Guests Escaped With Their
Niagara Falls. N. Y.. Spec-ial.-Fir
early Thursday morning destroV.d
lotel Porter. on Fails streel. The Ho
til Imoeris:itdjoinlin on the south
and the Hotel Temperance. on te
north. were. damaged. The guests
all escaiped with their effects. Ammu
nition in the store of George Rae. un
der the Hlotel Porter. exploded and
for a time gieat excitement prevailed
as the bullets went flving thronulh
space. No one was injured. The loss
is at least $150.000.
Crime to Export Silver
Washington. Special-The Philip
pine Commission has enacted ala W
making it a (rime to export silver
from the islai.ds. 'This step has been
taken on aceount of the serious men
ace to the parity of the Philippine
currency. which was threatened by
the recent exportations of silver coins
and bullion. The law provides for
the forfeiture of such attempted ex
portation. for a fine of not more than
$5.000 in gold. Imprisonment for a
year, or both. Passengers on the
ships leaving the island are allowed
to take not more than twenty-flve
pieces-S12.50 in gold.
The Pope's Jubilee in 1908.
Rome, By Cable-Preparations are
already going on to celebrate in 1908
the jubilee of the Pope's ordination
.s a priest. Being asked if L desir
ed the festivities to be similar t othose
witnessed on the occasion of the
priesthood jubilee of tle late Pope
Leo, when an international exhibi
tion was held in the vatican. the
Pope answered: "Certainly not. I
wish the celebration to maintain a
strictly religions character.
15 Infernal Machines Captured.
Brussels. Belgini. By Cable-Ad
vices received here from St. Peters
burg say that the Semetiowskv
guards a regiment supported by the
artillery. had been sent from there
to Moscow. R inforcements are also
beinz sent from the neighboring post
to Moscow. The police at Kieff have
discovered a bomb factory in the (el
lar of a crowded tenement building
in that city. and fifteen infernal ma
chines were seized.
Twenty-five Lost in Hurricane.
Victoria. B. C.. Special.-A Brit
ish ship. Pass of MeIforth. Captain
Cougal, was dashed to pieces in a hur
ricane on ('hristmas night, together
with a crew of 2.5. Tihe vessel was
aught on the lee side. 'off shore, in
a terrific southwest gale. raging otT
the straits of San JTuan D)e Fuca, on
the western coast of Vancouv-er isl
and. She was destroyed on Amnphri
trite point. known as tihe "'Mon~u
ments of Wreeks.'' Tihe Pass Mcl
forth was built in Glasgow. in 1901.
Three Killed in Trolley Accident.
Mahoney City. Pa . Special.-A tr-ol
1ev car onl tile Schuykill r-ailway was
sruck by a Lehighi Valley fr-eight
train 01n a aradel cr'ossinig, at Girad
ville. Mi-. Winmk'e of Mahoniey City.
and two Ar-abian women unknowvn,
from -Shenandoah. we(re kiiled out
right and several other's wvere injured.
Two Little Girls Drowned.
Roekport. Mass.. SpeciaL-Lydia
Anderson. 14 y-ears old and Catherine
L. Cusyek, aged 13 years. wer-e dr-own
ed by breaking thr-ough the ice oin the
pond of an abandoned quarry. Two
boys, Gunnar- Williamson, aged 9
years and John Jacobson, 10 years old.:
Cumberland University Opposes Foot
Nashville.Ten n.. Special.-Cumber
land University. Lebanon, goes on
record as opposing~ football as it is
at present played. As a result of
this decision. no f'oot ball seb~edule
b! e made for the next reason.
S3.200000 Deal in Louisiana Lumber.
eumont. Tex., Special.C!onel
S'muel Park. presidentt of tihe Idno
trial Lumb r Company. will leave for
CThicago to elcse up the details of a
lumber pme hase invol ving 90.000
acres of virgin1 pine in Rapid and
Vernon 1varm'eF. in Louisian. T:he
amonit to be paidI is 9.~2.200.000.
Big Shoe Concern Assigns.
N-w Bed ford. Mass.. Special.-An
nounlfceml1ntI was madelI of the assign
ment ofi Hutha way. Soui and Hlarring
ton incorn)orationi. boot and shoe
manfanirters of t his city andl Bos
tin. Thos. F. Dillo ofi'i Bostoni. was
named as5 assinee. lhe firmr is one
of thle l)est kn ownl inl ih Illsoe triadhe of
Nw Enhgland. It is stated that the
crioii~rs will be- paidl in full. The ox
a-t am~oiut of. the liabilities is not
Well-Known Physician Dead.
Columbia. Sp eil.--Dr. B. W. Tay
lr. well-known t hroui'houit South (Ca
(ia. died of pnuona agetd 72
years. Hlisiz'randf ather- was a 'oloneI
in thle revoltion. Dr. Taylor was a
iOlnel inl th IConf11 ederat e nirmv on
(:nrial Hampton's- staff and was1 the
ch~j tief urgon in C harlestont harbmt at
the tall of Fort Stuter. At ihE close
of the war he, was .ug~ ti ge(lneral ot
envalry (of thle Army of Northern Vir
Cii. . his death he was chlair-manI~
o te re-z('nts of the State hospitals.
Mutiny Among Sailors.
St. Petersburg. By Cable.-Mutiny
has broi ken ontI amiong the sailor-s on
the warships. Ahrek. Admiral Koi-I
loff. Okean. and thiree tor-pedo boats
ling at Lihau. Order-s wvere given to
tie vessels to pro(ee.d to Rigato to
co-opera ti wit h the land for-ces iln
quellingr the r-evolt there. The cravws
refused to obey irders. The offieers
are powerless in the fact if this r
THE DAY OBSERVE[
People Everywhere Made i
Happy Christmas Holiday
PEACE, PLENTY, CONTENTMEN
Christmas Day Was Fittingly Obsei
ved Throughout the Entire Countr
-Remarkably Free From Tragedic
Chrisima. day. 1905. was observei
in every section of the country in ;
very fiitting manner. The era of pro
perity that has blessed the whole lan
for the past year caused a grand ex
pression of holiday exuberance
which. however was practically fre
from manifestations of violence an
tragedy. In the entire South the da:
was clear. crisp and beautiful. Th
people paused in the prosecution o
their daily avocations and enjoyed
feast of good thir.s provided by th
hand of a bountift! creator.
From all sections of the country re
ports indicate that the holiday seasoi
of 11905 will go into the records o
time as the brightest, happiest an,
best in the history of the country.
Washington. Special.- Christma
was observed at the national capita
by the closing of all government d
partments as well as private busi
ness places, and the day was mucl
like a Sunday here. All governmen
offices were (losed and the Presiden
and the members of the cabinet alik
passed most of tbe day with famil;
and friends. President Roosevelt re
maned in his otlice long enougt t,
dispose of a few urgent matters an
with his family received a few person
al friends. He and Mrs. Roosevel
took a long ride during the afternooi
and at the family dinner which fo
lowed at the White House. Represent
ative Longworth-. of Ohio. who is t,
wed Miss Roosevelt. was among th
guests. There was general after-giv
ing at the White House in the mornin;
confined practically to the members o
the family. The President's third soi
Archie, as usual. had a Christmas tre
in his own room and from that dis
tributed his gifts to the family an
the household people. Mrs. Cowle
the President's sister. entertained th
members of the family with a gift
giving at her home. The Presiden
has notified the members of his cabi
net that during the present week ther
will be no regular meetings of th
cabinet. He will take up during th
present week many matters of th
most urgent importance and will re
ceive no callers or visitors unless thei
business is imparitive. It is his put
puse to make this truly a holida:
The Vice President and Mrs. Fair
banks entertained a party of friend
at their home Christmas day, but lear
for Indiana Christmas night.
Admiral Dewey 's Christmas greet
ings to the officers and men of thi
navy. bespeaking a united stand fc
the good of the eou;ntry and the ser
vice. wa's communicated to tihe officer
and mer' aboard the vessels through
out of the world wherever they coul,
reached by telegrraph. To the me:
of the navy along the Atlantie cons
there was also senit a (Christmnas greet
ing by means of wirele~ss telegraph:
incidentally servedl as a elaborate an
practical test of the~ navel servie4
The wireless messages were sent b:
direction af Admiral Manner, chief c
the bureau of equpmnent and the re
sults were most51 satisfactorv to hhr
The messa'ges conslining the greet
inzs were senit out at nighit from thi
wireless station at the Washiingto:
navy yard aind were relayed f ror
place to plaee. Early resnouses earn
from the officers nearest Washingtor
but before inigi'ht many of the sta
tionis had replied. in ;lu ing New Or
leans and Colon and San .Juan. th
Colon reply came by way of Guau
Only necessary work was don
Christmans on the ships everywvher<
Liberal shore leaves had been .'rante
to the officers and men while the dir
ncr served aboard ship was under th
usual custom chiarieteristic of t
Christmas season. On many of th
vessals the captains joined with ofi
eers in the ward room in celebratio
of the day.
W. J. Bryan in Manila.
Mfanila. By Cable.-W. J1. Bryan ai
rived here and was given an enthus
ast ic recepti;on by commit tees repr
ent ing the citizens and the Elks. V
declined to d1i~scu politics and h
would expressu no~ opin ion upon th
State of Nebraska going Republica
at the last (election. He said he ha
enjoyedl hugely his visit to Japa:
Mfr. Bryan has givent up his idea of
trip) to Auisralia. He will remini
Manila for about two weeks and the
sail for India.
As First Minister to Norway.
Washington. Special.-Herbert E
D. Pierce. Third Assistant Secretar;
of State. has been selected by th
Prsident as the first American min
ister to Norway. Charles Denb1h
hief clerk ot tIbe department. ha
heenz determined upon as sulccessor t
Mr. Pierce in the State D~epartmien1
This annoeuncemnent wais made otlieial
lv Fridav. 00iecial annonneemtent wa
also maec that Djavid Thiompson,. for
mer~l minis5ter' to Brazijl. has bee:
ce-sen as ambassador to Mexico.
Juggled to Hide Losses.
New York. Speciai.-A dditional tee
tiony as to the mana~gement of th
Mutual Life Insurance Company wt
adned by witnesses before the legia
Iative committee on insurance invest:
gat ion, tending to show that the con
pany usedl profits from the salec
securities to coneceal the reductionc
book values of real estate, or losse:
as Chairles E. Hughes, conneil to th
I cmmhitee calleA them.
STHE BIRTH Of 1906
I Once Again The Old Year is
Passed to listory
r CARNIVAL SCENE IN NEW YORK
Navel Observatory at Washington
7 Ticks Off Signal at 12, 1, 2, and 3,
s O'clock, Washington Time, to Dif
ferent Time Belts of the United
States and also Sends the Tidings
to Honolulu, Guam, Minalla, Mexi
a co and West Indies-No Effort
- Made to Encircle the Globe This
I Year-Signal Wirelessed to Ships
- at Sea.
e Washing-ton . Special.-Telegraphic
signals announeing the birth of 1906
Swere flashed from the Naval Observa
e tory here througlrthe mediurn of the
f Vestern Union and the Postal Tele
a graph Companies. [he signal was
e ticked off at 12. 1. -nd 3 o'clock.
respecively. so as to conform with
- the midnigit hour f(r Washington,
a Central. Rocky Mountain and Pacifiec
f coast time, respectively. The midnight
signal was repeated to all points read
ily availablc by the telegraphic campa
nies; to Honolulu, Guam, and Manilla;
throu gi Mexico and to points in the
West Indies, aud, where possible, cit
ies in South America and to England
and France. The Washington mid
night signal also flashed to the wire
less telegraph stations with a view to
its communication to ships at sea.
No attempt was made, as on previous
oceassions, to circumvent the globe
with the flash signal.
The long distance telephone was al
so utilized where available for com
municating the arrival of the New
- New York. Special.-The advent of
- the New Year was the occasion to
a night of the usual noisy demonstra
e tions throughout the city of New York
- The fachi that New Year's eve fell on
' Sunday did not dampen the enthuas
f iasm of the tens of thousands of peo
i ple who paraded the streets blowing
e great tin horns, ringing bells of all
descriptions, and finally, with the com
I ing of midnight, resorting to all sorts
of methods for the production of noise
e The chimes of Old Trinity brought
- to lower Broadway and Wall street
t the greatest throngs of New Year
- merry makers. For years the bells of
F this historic church have been rung as
0 the signal of a new year's birth. In
c the threatre and restaurant district
e of upper Broadway the crowds on
- *the streets, Sunday night concerts and
r in the cafes wefe the largest in years.
On the up-town streets many merry
v makers in earnavil spirit indulged in
confetti battles. Everywhere there
-.was a spirit of revelry and the new
syear 's welcome was as noisy as New
e Yorkers know how to make it.
e Boise. Idaho, Special.-It developed
rthait the assassanation at Caldwell of
formrac Governor Frank Steunenberg
w ith a dynamite bomb was perpetra
trated by soime onde pe son by pulling
a wire that exploded the dynamite as
the former Governor was closing the
t rear gate of his home. It was at first
thought that the bomb was arranged1
to explode automatically as the gzate
opened. It also develohd that two
bombs were, both being exploded
.simultaneously, by means a wire and
-waxed fish line, remnants of which
were foundl on the lawn. The con
viction gr'ows that Steuntmberg was
murdered as a result of his activity
e crushing miners' strike riots at
a Cour d ' Alene in 1899. On this theory
e ne man was arrested but his name is
ekept 'secret by the police, who say
'evidlence against the prisoner isstrong
Five other men have been detained on
CNorfolk, Va. Special.-The claim of
dthe Edward Stern Company. having
-been settled. Judge W. B. Martin Fri
e day discharged T. Catsby Jones from
e the receivership of the Southern Mu
tual Aid Association, of Norfolk. to
nwhich lie was appointed Thursday.
The Birmingham Association aftei
settling the Sternt elaim annanceed its
solveincy. F. S. Griggs, a stockholder
in the Norfolk Association, instituted
-proceedings for an accounting against
- both companies without asking for a
Three Tiainmen Killed 'in Freight
Huiitingtoin. Ind. .Special. .. Dy the
derilmn of an eng~ine and ten cans
of~ a freight t rain on the C'hicego &
- Erie Ra ilro ad near Disco HIill, Engi
a nteer .Johni J1. O'Birien, of Kouts. Fire.
n man iiC. B-. Oliver. of this place. and
a Lemuel Fishier, brakeman. oifRoh
ter~. Ind., were instantly killed. The
wrei'k euinght lire.Onytebdvf
Engineer O're wa recovered.vo
-Bryan Makes Promise.
e Manila. By Cabie.-Filipinos whce
- spoke at the banciet g'iven to W. .
-Bryan. demntiidedi theit immediate in
s dlepeudence of the islands and said
, they wvere liooking to him to ehamnpion
-their eauise with thle American peouple'.
-Mr. Brvan in his respoinse made no
s promnises and the natives were disap
-pointed. Aguinaldo was amnong those
Spresent. The menu displaiyed ain Am
erican flag. suppiorted by an insugtent
banner. Anmericatns here are pleased
withI Mr. Bryan 's conse rva tismn.
.Vote For Church Union.
e St. Louis. Special.-After a divis
s son of 95 years.1 steps were consum
-mated at a joint session of the general
- eomtmittees, which, if formally rati
i ied next May by the General Assem
f >lies, will tunite the Northern Presby
f terian Church. and the Cumaberland
3. Presbyterian Church. Almost two
e days 'were consumed by sub-commit
:esi arranging details for the union.
A PRECOCIOUS CI$O.D
KInda Children and TheIr Peculiarity Of
Hindu children are not like those of
hie Western World. They have a sin
,ular maturity of speech. caught from
heir elders, and tinctured by imagina
Ave charm. and they are as quick
ivitted. as subtle in their judgment of
-haracter as those elders themselves.
Pagal is a little boy d(escribed in Cor
ielia Sorabji's "Sun Babies., a book
made up of delightful studies of the
-hild life of India. The child is first
ntroduced to the reader in the ante
-hamber of the man who he hopes
oill become his employer. and who is
nagnificently referred to as the
Pagal made a low obeisance, and
then. asked to tell what be had come
or. responded: *Presence. I am a man
b1id. While my years were yet. few
y mother turned me adrift to earn
ny living. I have never gone foodless.
)ut the work I did was the work of a
-hild. Now that my years are many, I
vyould do the work of a man."
His many years seemed to number
*The Presence wonders about that
h!ld work," he explained. "wo
ears. maybe three, have I sat at the
hib's door, being the hand to bear
he note things to and fro; and much
nowledge of the world have I thus
,ined. Now that I am come to man's
state, 'tis higher work should be my
Pagal was gently persistent, he was
;hrewdly diplomatic, and he got forth
with a chance to pull the punka-the
swinging fan-in the chambers of the
potentate. He expressed his joy. and
then prudence impelled him to bargain
about his pay.
"Let my wages conic to me." said he,
in daily coppers. It is not good for a
man child to get into the claws of the
His employer hoped to make it easier
For him by arranging that he should
at with the gardener, who was of the
same caste, and sleep in the servants'
juarters. But he would not consent.
"A man gets settled." he said. "even
in his ways of eating." He could cook
or himself. In the day parched rice
ind earthnuts would be enough to kill
bunger, "and when my work is done,
the evening meal is well flavored at
my poor idle hands."
So he arranged a kitchen out of
acors, and diplomatically asserted that
ie knew his employer wouVl under
stand. "The Presence will say, 'Let
im have as much license in-these mat
Lers as the birds yonder, who live In
my trees and feed all over my garden,
and sleep in the boughs at night
What'Presence" could deny him?
WORDS OF WISDOM.
Ihe true man is greater than any
thing he can make.
When each does his own work the
work of all is done.
If you eat leeks it's hard to keep the
act from leaking out.
Some men would forget there was a
God if they never had any trouble.
No nation can be destroyed while it
possesses a good home life.-J. G. Hol
It requires as much reflection and
wisdom to know what is not to be put
into a sermon as what is.-Cecil.
What is it that love does to a wom
an? Without it she only sleeps: with
it. alone, she lives.-Ouida (Louise de
here there is need of her work in
the home. and often help has to be
hired to take her place, the daughter
should be given a regular salary, ap
proximately the eqluivalent of what she
could earn outside after making allow'
anice for board, room rent and the num
berless privileges a girl has in her
fathers house. The salary should be
at least what would have to be paid
for the same work if a stranger were
called in to do it. and the duties should
be as distinctly defined and as prompit
ly and eflently performed. This is a
v'ery different thing from an allowance
without definite duties.
We know of several families where
this plan has worked successfully. In
one Instance the daughter, while un
married. became a capable house
keneper and manager., buying all sup
plies and relieving both parents of care
and annoyance, for which she received
a housekeeper's wages at the end of
every month. Another, whose mother
is an invalid, gets a weekly envelope
containng the same amount that
would have been paid a nurse. Both
these salar'ied daughters were happy.
contented anid efficient, and each had a
feeling of independence and self-re
liance never to be attained under the
"allowance" system or the usual hap
hazard appeal to father for money
to gratify needs or wvhims.-Independ
Fear Each New Governor.
Every time Kansas installs a new
Governor ablout lifty ec.nviets in the
pnitentir1y at Lansing tremble with
fear. They are mnen being held inpi
son awaiting~ the Governor's order to
ibe hanged. In Kansas the Governor
must sign a dleath warrant be ::r" a
murderer can be hanged. MIany years
ago hanging was virtuaniy abho~lihed in
the State by the refusal of the Go"
ernor' to ign the death warrant. Life
inmr'isonnt is theO extreme penalty
epplind. although the muurdere'r is sen
tenc'ed to hang. Ev-ery time there is
a change of adminikstrations the "hang'
men in prison biecomne no'vous. 'Thcy
fear that some time Kansas will elect
a muan as GAovernor who believes in
hanging for capital offenses, and that
he will sign a wvhole bunch of death
warrants at one timne and have a oig
haging bee.-Atc'hison Globe.
Can't 1)o without It.
It seems11 to me." said Sirs. Old
castle "that Dr. Goodman lays rather
)unca stress on the idea that we
should divorce ourselvePs from anthiro
pom irpismit. It may be all right to
prach what he does in a genera! way,
butthe anthropomlorphic' sentiment is
sl: very dear to a great mrany pea
"I know it," replied her hostess as
sh toyed wvith the diamond-studded
papr-"ctter. "There's a wvoman lives
right oi this street that goes to the
drug store and gets it on the quiet
..e.... ev-.- ay--Cbica iRecord
TOPICS OF INTEREST TO THE PLANT4
Advantage of Crop rotation.
Texas has followed the precedent set
by other States in practicing extensive
agriculture during the development pe
riod, and only withiu recent years has
the State begun to appreciate and to
make use of those sections which have
especial fitness for intensive agricul
ture. Evidence of the development in
this phase of its industrial life Is now
found in the large number of men
who are practicing fruit and truck
growing. During the first period of
development of this State cattle rais
ing was a great means for transform
ing the natural agricultural resources
into a product which could be mar
keted. Following upon the develop
ment of the cattle industry come the
tendency .to develop the production
of tie staple farm crops. corn, wheat
and oats. In the practicing of field
agricultr re. which would normally
include the raising of staple crops,
a system of rotation has been found
to yiekl the best results. The practice
called crop rotation has'been a matter
of growth and development due to cir
cumstances and was not in the begin
ning based upon scientific principles.
It should be stated here that by a
rotation of crops is meant the planting
of different crops on the same piece of
land in successive seasons. This plant
Ing must involve a change in regular
The custom of growing different
crops in rotation, wbia: largely a mat
ter of conditions, doL.* possess certain
advantages. First, it prolongs 4he
period of profitable culture. This is
due to the fact that plants vary largely
in their feeding capacities. Many
plants feed in the surface layers and
therefore draw their food almost
wholly from that portion of the soil
other plants are deep feeders. The
two classes alternated give to the soil
periods of comparative rest. It should
also be kept in mind that certain crops
require more of some one particular
element in the soil than other crops.
When these two classes are in a rota
tion the soil is given an opportunity
to rest. Again, when the farm is pro
ducing but one crop a year the soil is
left bare at certain seasons, while the
growth of a variety of crops permits of
a continuous covering and constant
use. Practically speaking, there is no
soil which is not improved by cropping.
In the language of Jethro Tull, "Til
lage is Manure."
The continuous growth of one erop
renders it more liable to insect attack
and to the development of diseases
called rot :nd blight. It is a well
known -far that crops lose vigor by
being grown year after year, and are
therefore less able to withstand, insect
ravages. A change is also valuable
because it deprives any particular in
sect pest of its food and is therefore
likely to cause It to disappear.
The majority of our farm crops get
their fo'od entirely from the soil and
in many cases these crops are grown
for their grain. In such case their ni
trogen, potassium and phosphorous
are being disposed of constantly by
selling the seeds of the plants grown.
On .the other hand, leguminous plants.
such as peas, beans, alfalfa, etc., get
most of their nitrogen irumn the air.
It will be noted then that the removal
of such crops from the soil does not
decrease its supply of nitrogen, there
fore a rotation including some one of
the legumes such as alfalfa, cowpeas
or beans, lessens the necessity of sup
plying nitrogen -to the soil.
The problem of efficient labor on the
farm is also made more simple by the
adoption of a system of crop rotation.
The farmer is enabled thereby to keep
labor employed throughout the entire
year, thus avoiding the necessity for
short term service. Such a provision
also allows the farmer to keep his ani
mals employed throughout the year
instead of allowing them to stand idle
a considerable portion of the time.
Finally, the business of the farmer
requires a steady and regular income
in order that he may provide for neces
sary tools, seeds and implements, and
also that he may pay wages when
due. A steady and regular income
allows him to do business on a cash
basis and thus to take advantage of
opportunities in buying. He can by
this means do business on a smaller
capital than would be required in the
credit system. The rules "which lead
to the adoption of the system of rota
tion under present conditions are gen
eral and not fixed. To grow such crops
as pay the greatest returns per acre
shoudd be the aim, and rotations should
be so modified that the less profitable
crops should contribute as much as
possible to the development of the
more profitable. Whether a crop is.?
profitable or not will depend upon the
character of the soil, climate, availa
bility of farm labor, location and mar
kets.-F. S. JTohnstoni. Agricul-turist.
TeZ as Experiment Station.
Fcedingr Value of the Corn Plant.
A. D. W., Ridgeway, writes: Kindly
tell mec what would be the food vahia
Notes of Interest.
The most desparate measures are
being taken in Russia to suppress the
revolution, which seems no0w to be in
A supposed Lomb) was found on a
train caring President- Loubet of
France from a hunting trip.
The Russian steamer Prince Gagn
rine is being refitted as a private
yacht for the President of Haiti.
Clergyman of the Canal Zone are
unanimous ini opposing the importa
tion of women from Mart inique'.
Sme of London 's unemployed held
what was to have been a dlemnonstra
tion. but which failed to approximate
this. at St. Paul 's Cathredral.
C'ostwise and West Indian steam
ers which arrived in New Y oI'
rep)orted * heavy gales last Thurs
day and Friday, which caused more
or less damage.
A meting of the Daughters of faith
was held in St. Patick's Cathred. I.
R, STOCKMAN AND TRUCi G WER.
of the top and tassel of a corn stalk
after all the fodder has bean removed
by pulling as is the custom in some
Answer-The subject of the distri
bution of the nutrients in the corn
plant has been studied quite extensive
ly at several stations, the conclusion
reached being that about for.ty-eight
per cent. of the digestible part of the
corn plant is contained in the ears and
fifty-two per cent. in the various parts
of the stubble. According to careful
and elaborate tests made at the Mary
land station there were about 157
pounds of protein, 1343 pounds of crude
fibre and nitrogen free extract, and
thirty pounds of fat in a corn crop
yielding 1530 pounds of dry substance
per acre. Of course, an erdinary corn
crop as growing in the field would
weigh much more than the amount
ndicated here, but after the water
was all driven off, its bulk would prob
ably not be much greater on -the aver
age. The top fodder contains ten
pounds of protein, 190 pounds of crude
fiber, 232 pounds of nitrogen free ex
tract and 13 pOunds of fat; the blades,
six per cent. of protein. 88 pounds of
crude fiber, 105 pounds of nitrogen
free extract, and 4 pounds of fat; the
husks, six per cent. of protein, 168
pounds of crude fiber, 246 pounds of
nitrogen free extract, and 2 pounds of
fat; the stubble, 6 pounds of protein.
241 pounds of crude fiber, 304 pounds
of nitrogen free extract, and 13 pounds
These, as stated above, are the di
gestible constituents, so you will ob
serve that the stabbl-e contains a larger
per cent. of useful nutrients than either
the husks or the blades, and in fact Is
richer in digestible nutrients than the
top fodder with the exception of the
protein. This analysis of the corn
plant, showing as it does the relative
amount of digestible nutrients con
tained In the-several parts, may give
you the information you desire.-An
drew M. Soule.
The breatbones of chicks are often
bent by roosting on perches while they
are young and tender. During the hot
months the mother ben prefers some
ool place, and will leave the coop and
go on the roost, leaving the chicks
alone. If they can manage to follow
her they will do so, and sit by her side.
The breast bones are gradually turned
to one side, and as they harden the
chick is left in this condition, and so
far as a fancy breed goes they are
Their toes also are ioften left bent
from the strain of holding on to the
Such deformities show carelessness,
and should never be tolerated.
Miake the chicks remain in their
coops or on the ground until they are
almost grown, or at least until their
bones have hardened, and when the
time comes for'them to godto the house
see that the roosts are bpoad and near
the ground. 'A- thrde by four scant
lng, with the upper edges rounded,
makes th'e most comfortable perch.
How Muach to Feed.
We are often asked bow much to
?scd hens, and In every estse we are
forced to admit that there is no iron
clad rule to govern each individual
Some breeds require more than oth
ers; the same breeds eat more some
days than .they eat other days, and lay
ing hens will eat more than those
which are not laying. So you can see,
there Is no way of knowing just how
much to lay aside for each day's sup,
We must watch them closely-eaclh
one individually-and govern ourselves
A safe rule is to give only a partial
feed during the earl-y part of the day,
thus keeping them hungry and willing
to ustle. Late in the afternoon see
that they will get all they Will eat, so
that their hunger is fully appeased be
fore they go to roost.
If fed this way, there is no possibility
of their getting too much.-Home andi
Anthracuose of Egg Plant.
If any growers of; egg plant are
troubled by a disease affecting the
fruit as described by the Southern
Fruit Grower they will find a remedy
"This Is a disease which, aedording
to the report of the United States De
partment of Agriculture. has as yet
done but little damage to the egg plant,
but from the ravages of similar dis
eases upon other plants one is warned
to exercise care concerning the ravages
of this disease, as otherwise it might
do great damage before its existence is
recognized. It may be recognized by
its producing decided pits upon the
fruit, upon which will soon appear
very small blotches with a pink bor
d-er. Bordeaux mixture has been ree
ommended by -;ood authority as an
excellent preventive application."
Edifections of--a Blacheler,
Love never stops to figure out the
It takes a soft ma.n to spread him
A theatrical angel and his coin is
It is easy to smile at trouble-when
it visits yt'er~ neighbor.
A word to the wise guy who knows
it all is a dangerous thing.
m~ie men would be late even if
the!P and1 tide did wait for them.
Shortly after marriage a main dis
cov.:rs that lhe has ben courting a lot
\Y hein a barrom le'nfr tells you
lit he i a gencitleman no other testi
1n' be foolishi ::ad run yourself
.m,..w.e. on m::hibors are only
toot ;:a to do it for ve..
R~egil require a lot of ready
er' 1in ord~ter to suce'ed ini the busi