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PUBLISHED WEEKLY WI BR *. C. R A~< 21, 1900 ESTABLISHED 1844.
E. Mclver William
('rom 77e Hart
For a number of year after I
began to farm I followed tho old
time method of putting the fer
tilizer all under the coin, planting
on a level or higher six by three
feet, pushing the plant from the
start and making a big stalk, but
the ears were few and fequently
small. I p'anted much corn in the
spring, and bought much more
corn the next spring, until finally
Iwas driven Io the conclusion
that corn could not be made on
uplands in this section, certatily
not by the old method, except at
I did not give up, however,
for I knew that the farmer who
.did not make his own corn never
had succeeded, and never would,
so I began to experiment. First,
'I planted lower, and the yield
,was better, but the stalk was
still too large, so I discontinued
.altogether the application of
fertilizer before planting, and
Inowing that all crops should be
fertilized at some time, I used
,mixed fertilizer as a side zppli
-cation and applied the more
-soluble nitrate of soda later, be -
ing guided in this by the excell
ent results obtained from its use
as a top dressing for oats. Still
,the yield, though regular, was
not large, and the smallness of
the stalk itself now suggested
that they should be planted
thicker in the drill. This was
done the next year with results
so satisfactory that I continued
from year to Year to increase the I
number of stalks and the fertilizer
wvith which to sustain them, also
to apply nitrate of soda at last
plowing and to lay by early, sow
ing peas broadcast. This method
steadily increa~sed the yield,
until year before last (1904) with
corn 11 inches apart in six foot
rows and $11 worth of fertilizer
to the acre, I made 84 bushels
average to the acre, several of
mv best acres making as much as
-Last year (1905) I followed the
same method, planting the first
week in April, 70 acres which
had' produced the year before
1,000 pounds seed cotton per
acre. This land is sandy upland,
somewhat rolling. Seasons were
very dry and extremely hot
weathez 'lter. From June 12th
to Julv 12th, the time whan~ most
needed moisture, there was onl
:a of an inch "of rainfall here; ye t
with $7.01 cost of fertilizer, my
yield was 52 bushels per acre.
Rows were six feet anel corn 16
inches in drill.
With this method, on land
That will ordinarily produce
1,000 pounds of fertilizer, 50
bushels of corn per acre should
be made by using 200 pounds of
cotton seed meal, 200 pounds of
acid phosphate, and 400 pounds.
of -kainit mixed, or their equiva!
.ent ia other fertilizer, and 123
pounds of nitrate of soda, all to,
be used as side applieation as
On land that wlll make a bale
:and one half of cotton per acre
wvhen well fertilized, -1.00 busels
'of corn should be produced by
.doubling the amount of fertilizer
above, except that 300 pounds
of nitrate of soda sould be used.
In each case there should be
'left on the land in cornstalks4
peas, vinesland roots, from Sl10 t.
$16 worth of fertilizing mate rial
per acre, beside the great benefit
to the land from so large an
smount of vegetable mr. tter.
The place of this in the perr.:m.
eut improvment of hand can never
be taken by commercial fertiliz-r,
for it is "absolutely impossible
to make lands rich as long as
they are lackirg in vegetable
Land should be thoroughly and
dJeeply broken for corn, and this
is the time in a .-ystem of rota
tioni to deepen the soil. Cotton
reouires a mnore~ compact soil
thau corn; and while a deep sai1
is essential to its best develop
ment it will not produce as well
on loose open haud, while corn
does best on land thoroughly
broken. A deep soil wi not only
produce more heavily than a
:shallow soil with good seasons.
but it will stand more wet as
well as more dry weathr.
In preparing for the c' rn eop,
land should be broke~n bor'iesit
during the winter on--foxi b
deeper thani it has b ciu pl wed
befor-, or if m~uch; V'o:''. ' IH
be broken o:e tim' de
This is as mua d e-*fis a
land will usually stand in one
year -a produ well, though it
may be continued ca--h year, So
long as much dead vegetable mit
ter is b,ing urnod under. It
may, however, be sub soiled to
anI depth by following in bottom
of turn )ow furrow, provid (I no
mure of time sub-soit than has
been directed, it turued up.
Break with two horse plow, if
possible, or better with dise plo.
With the latter cottou stalks or
corn stalks as large as we ever
niakie canl bw turned under w:tI
out having been chopped, and In
peavines it will not eboke or
Never plow when it is wet, if
you exoect ever to have any use
Bed with turn plow in sixfoot
rows, leaving five-inch halk.
When rcady to plant, break this
out wIith secoter, follmvilg in
flottomn of this furro.V d-ep with
Dixie plow, wing taken ol.
1Oge then on this furrow with
same plow still going deep. Ran
corn planter on this ridge, drop
ping one grain every five or six
inches. Plaut early, as soon as
frost danger is part. say fir t
seasonable spell af ter March 15"h
in this section. Especially is
ca-ly planting nece!sarv o3 ve y
rich lands where stalks cannot
otherwise be prevented from
growing too large. Give fir.-t
working with harrow or any plo
that will not cover the plaut.
For second working, use 10 or 12
inch sweep on both sides of corn,
which should now be about eight
inches high. The-n after this
working, it 'is not neccessarv
that the plants should be left all
the same d!stance apait, if the
right number remair to each yard
Corn should not be worked
again until the growth has bee :
so retarded and the sta!k so
hardened that it will nevcr .g ro
to,o large. This is the MosT DiF
F(1LT POINT in the wholepio-ess.
Experience and judgmnt Ar
required to know jnst how much
the stalk should be stunted, aid
PLENTY OF NEVE, IS reuiC d 1
hold back your corn when your
neighbors' who fertilized at
pIanting timne and cul;ivated
rapidly, have corn twice the siz
of yours. (fhey are havin i
their fin nowv. Yours will come
at harvest time ) The rieber the
land the more necessary it is
that the s tuntin~g process . should
be thoroughly drae.
Wh'n you are cocnEngd tha
your cer.. has heen sauicientl
humiiated, you may~ begin to.
make the ear. It shlouhl now h
froni12 to is inches hih, an.l
look worse than you ever 1had
any corn to look before.
lPut half your mixed ferti lizer
this being tie fiist used at a!!
mu the .41,d *yeep furow on bo b
sides of every cihn; tidddle, a a
cover by breaking out kai: jd:
dle -vith turn plow. About one
week later treat the other midle
the sam~e way. Within a few
days side corn in first iidJie
with 1-inch sweep. Put all your
nitrate of soda in this furrow, if
less than j 50 pounds,, if ni re,
use one-balt cdi it n >w. Coiver
with one furrow of tasri FA
then sorm peas in this mid il
bro ideast at the rate of at lIs
one bushel to the acre, and finish
In a is::; ays side corn in
othefr middle witk sameO sw( 0p,
put balance of nltrate of so~l.;
this fuirow if it has bx eiu divided,
coer with turn plow, Si w pras,
ad b eak out. This lays by
vour eiy gib a go~od bed ant
plenty of dirt ar,isud your stalk
This should be from Jhu b 1t
to 20th unless season is very late,
and coin should be hirdly bunch
ad for tassel.
Lay by 4gy. More corn i
ruined by late~ ploriingr than by
lack of plowing. This is when
the car is Lui-t. Tw o good rains
after laying by should make you
a good crop of ciorn, an I it will
certaiali rite mLwith much he
rain thaun if pusued and fertlie
in the old way.
The stalks thus raised are veiy
mn id an 1 do not requmre a y
tiwtik the imoisture, ere& i
Thiy v. ther. for . be
ue ibe. n t rii.
m b j1u west,'~ to al ! talkm.
Do no be discouraixd by the
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or*u r" hm: lt fco
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. \ n 1 b - x ovi' i reas(
Saerag t some ex
griX! if .. of
ourI p .oit in the iasi
LT. -V'-o niear core
um.... isC e * eraSmg.1
Mr. 3. . w~Iihe Wood
s s in the iieigh
r ith ma iaemne, tresh
lor o0 Woumlb was
C. . 'ier this week.
A Pt4ric of Due West
n +.i %rwo lIst wcek.
d. l .,t r u Lairsville,
or n.utv, xas with relatives
B tir yo ur correondenlt
the s:i news of the
J hi .l fried -:nd com
. i r Fi' , at his
- k Ft which oc
etw weeksC aigo. MXr.
P )o1n in 'airfildt county
S y g e left here
ried to Karion
i r L Fla. Therc be overseed
or i . en bkfore am1I many
e rs e the war. He was in
F la artillery company and
..s.acabot sollier. He was
ritd. He eft a large
The Yeslow Fever Germ
a!s r. ntly been dliscovered. It
> a Ciose resemblance to the
,al: gerim. To free the sys
11 r.)u disease germe, the most
IV'eec.v remedy is Dr. King's
scw t Pims. Guarauteed to
ur dia- lue to nalaria
i 2d constipation. 25c at
e Co.'s, and Jno. T. Mc
U see through and
cneh other, and often
iaul--lher whom they miost scorn.
M.. n Past Sixty- in Danger.
!a:an half mankind over sixty
ear]I0r su ie fro i bney ]ld
. rous,'1( an Foly's l\id 1.y
uld be tahkenl at the first4 sign
(II I ured mnmy old me.n of this
dr. Rodney Ba rnett, Rock
wrtes "i sufferd with en
'l years :m af ter taiking t~wo
Foleyl's - idn(1ey' Cure i fee
Lii I have for twenty yeages1
A given iu-bei
greater vield of cot
Farmer:' Bone do
the acreag-e and z
Ahas twenty-on~e y~
~3,000 carlo as of
This volume of bu
No j: - , - .
Yo m.; - /.C
SPECIAL PRICES ON
U R N I TUR.
During court week we will
offer at cut prices special bar=
gains in 3=piece Suites, Single
Dressers, Washstands and Iron
Beds. Come in and take a look,.
and if pleased let us fill your
R. W. PH L LIS
I have greatiy enlarged my stock and am
now carrying a large and varied stock of
Hardware, Glassware, Tinware, Glassware,
Everything in the Hardware line.
A large assortment of Agateware.
Special attention called to my stock of Pipe
Fittings and Wagon Materials.
Bring me your repair work. Special atten
tion given to repairing bicycles.
Highest market prize paid for Furs.
T. M. HAYNES.
Houo~eper Will FiuI Herel
A Conplete Assortment of Canned Goods,*
Meats, Vegetables and Fruits
A Full Assortment of
Pickles and Catsups.
A Variety of
Cakes and Crackers, Prunes
and other Fruits.
U. A. WHITE,
Baker and Confectioner.
of acres fertilized with Farmers' Bone produce a
ton, than the same2 acreage with ordinary fertilizer.
s more t-r that. It makes it possible to reduce
rcrease the y i:d. Try it this year. The man
ars of fertilizer excerience back of him. Over
Royster ?ertilizers were used on the crop~s of I905.
siness stamps Farmecrs' Bone the best.
DK AT 61UR TWiENYY YEARW5 REOH