Newspaper Page Text
We all know that there is big money
in poultry. How much there is in it for
us, depends entirely upon ourselves and
whether or not we are keeping up with
the procession in raising the kind of
chickens which bring the most cash
and in getting them into the market at
a time when the demand is greatest.
The value of poultry production for the
United States this season was but a
shade under that of wheat or cotton., I
amounting to over half a billion dol
lars. Since the perfection of the in
cubator, the importance of the indus
try has been greatly augmented. By
the use of this splendid device it is now.
comparatively e sy to bring in large
quantities of chickens for the winter
and early spring market when p -ces
are very attractive. Hens can be
urged but they can not be made to set
if they do not wa to; the incubator
can be set at any time. All that isJ
FLOCK OF WHITE LE(
necessary is a prorr regard to the tem- ]
per-.ture, and to 1Ue brooding of the 1
young chicks during the tender period I
of their existence. The incubator has
interested thousands of women and 1
children in the work of chicken raising,
and it is not to be said that the r.aurns
are less profitable than plowing or
other heavy manual labor.
Cheap Machines the Most Expensive.
There are many excellent incubators'
upon the market, but there are also
many cheap, imperfect machines, the
-~~rhsers of which, failing to s.ecure
results, become disgusted and in
Stheir neighbors that artificial in
cubation ipa fa~ure and a fake. On
the other hand, the purchaser of a good
A PLYMOUTH ROCKC PRIZE-WI1NNER.
machine--one which will do its work t
irell-is usually so successful that t
others in the neighborhood quickly fol- C
low his example. Nevertheless, there
is no danger of the poultry business b
beIng overdone. It is one of the mosto
staple and profitable lines of business ij
in the world to-day, for its products e
are always in increasing demand in1 n
every town and city in the world, and I
throughout the entir- year.t
But before going into the incubator Iz
business it is necessary to have some fi
good egg producing machinery, that is,.s
good, laying hens and comfortable and
cheerful quarters, along with a ge d a.
system of feeding, to induce them to o
lay. The fertility of eggs is also af-p
fected by the conditions of the hens.
The agricultural papers and poultry
journals are replete with information
upon the management of incubators, b
and manly books have been publishedjf
en the snhieot: U'nt n errent rnny far
mers and farmers' wives do not see'
these .innrnals or 'onks. Tlowever, let
It be known that the oneratlon of an 1
incubator is easy and simple, and once I
that almost superstitious dread that
some people have ef takin~r up some
ROFITS IN CHICKl
GUY ELLIOTT MITCHELL
overcome, and there will be little i:
trouble in teaching the uses and man- :
agement of the ordinary hatching ma- s
Not Difacult to Manage.
While there is nothing complex or
difficult about the successful operation
of an incubator, close attention and ex
actness are necessary; yet the results
are more than worth the effort.. The
woman who fills her lamps regularly
every morning, and the man who
winds his watch or clock at the
same hour every evening, need not
fear the task of running an incubator; i
but unless one is willing to attend to
the few wants of his machine at the
right time, it will be unreasonable to
look for a good hatching of chickens
from the best incubator upon the
The writer has used incubators and I
bas found great delight in hatching e
arge flocks of fine chickens from C
hem, but it was necessary to do a g
ittle experimenting first to get the ma- c
hine in good working order, to keep ai
:he lamp trimmed so that it burned a r<
ear, white flume and to do a dozen r
ther little things, which in a very
hort time made the owner as familiar
with the incubator as with any other
imple piece of farm machinery.
The period of incubation is always
me of expectancy and when the chicks
jegin to come forth from the shell
:here is either keen joy or a decided
lampening of ardor, according as to
:he results of the hatch. But don't be
ome discouraged if the first hatch
rings you only 50 per cent. of chick
mns. Go right ahead, determined to .
)mit the mistakes of the first 1trial and
uim for 85 or 90 per cent. of the next
atching, which you should get if you
ave a good incubator and handle it
roperly. After a little prac-ice you
:ome to know your machine, how it is
iting and what it will do, as well as
*o know your driving horse, in fact
you can gauge it even mor-3 clo.4ely,
or it is a machine and you car.. control
t to a nicety.
There are hot air machines and hot
ater machines, there are small
nachines and big machines-machines
o meet every need and requirement;
he only thing is to get a good machine.
An Attractive Side Line.
The poultry business on the farm has
iways been considered largely within
u.e province of the women folks, and ti
be enlargement of the industry by uI
tilizing incubators has not changed he
be situation, except that many others St
an farmers' wives are now raising' ca
hickens from incubators-.c
"Modern chicken raising, as it has Is
een adopted by thousands of people in
wning small rural homes," said an re
acubator agent to me recently, "ac
ounts for the sale of an enormous
umber of our incubators and brooders.
n fact, it Is among this class largely
at we do business, and they are
laking the money out of it. A vast
eld is still open among the more con
erva~ve residents of the interior farm i o
ections, who still stick to old methods, |u:
naware of the comparative simplicity |th
f a good incubator and of the great 01o
rofit possible through its use." th
Breed'ng Up the Fiock-.b
Even through the iedium of the in
arnyard flock, reigarded by ' 'nly ve
armers as a very insignificant part St de
DER INWINTER. '
her lIvestnek, a very reat addIiion j
"a the yearly Income Is realized. The h
nek simnplies ere and meat for the e
iome throughnut the year. and even If b
no additional Income results, the barn- if
nrd flock has served a great purpose. ji
Fowever, It Is such an easy matter to ti
breed up a nondscript lot of chickens +1
ato a big laying, heavy weighted and
tighly profitable flock, that it seemi
trange that there should be a singli
lock of dung'-hills throughout the coun
ry It costs t.o more to feed and car
or a broad by-easted Plymouth Rock
,r a Wyandotte, or a huge L:ght Brah
a, or any of a dozen other splendid
tandard varieties than it does for th
ommon scrub, and with the low pric
t which good eggs, or practically pur
rd cockerels can be had, it is the
asiest thing iroaginable to have. aftei
wo or three years of systematic breed
ag, a flock of chickens producina
bree times the profit of the origina.
'Standard Kinds of Chickens.
A fascinating little bulletin has beer
;sued by the Department of Agricul
ire (farmers' bulletin No. 51) whieli
; replete with illustrations of the prin
ipal standard varieties of chickens,
ae reading of which by any chicken
rower, however small, should certain
r stimulate a New Year resolution to
iake the flock a real money earner.
TIs bulletin, while it will prove, prob
bly, a mere stimulant for mo c
rtensive literature on the subject, can
e obtained without cost from Sena
>rs and Members of Congress. or the
ecretary of Agriculture, and the proof
I its popularity is apparent in the
!ven or eight editions which it has
en neessary to publish to supply the
emand throughout the country.
One of the most attractive features
poultry raising is the production of
ipons. This is a story all by itself.
is an experiment which one can en
r into and with a very slight expend
ure for a set of instruments, can fol
iw it to any degree desired. It re
uires some judgment and a little at
-ntion, but caponizing is not difficult;
is one of those things which, while
looks, in the beginning, to be a hard
roposition, gradually comes to you all
f itself, so that the first thing you
now you become almost an expert,
nd the reward is very considerable.
apons always sell readily and at a
"od advance in price. The birds be
>me very docile ahd easily handled
ad are always money makers. The
radiness w t' which the new capon
covers from the wound is a revela
n as to the splendid physical make
>of a chieken. Any boy or girl who
t ever succeeded in skinning and
uffing a bird will take hold of the
ponizing idea with avidity; in fact,
ponizing is by far the easier job; it
as easy as the skinnng operation, for
bird mounting the stuffing is the
ally difficult part.
ORIENT AL INCUBA TORS.
acuIar facihjty of Chinese for Arti
If we are to look *- the beginning
any particular industry, we are
mally told that we might find that
is particular work was first carried
tin China. This applies as well to
.e artificial hatching of eggs.
roughout China the hatching of eggs
r heat is a very large and important
dustry and has been practiced since
~ry ancient times. The Oriental who
~sires to hatch eggs by artificial heat
L't constructs a building of sun
rd brick, plastered on the outside
fth mud. Completely fill one
de and the other also, except for
>or space and sufficient room for a
an to test the eggs, are round, bar
-like mud brick walls with earthen
rs set into them. This j-r is var-v
ep, and comes within six or eight
chles of the ground. The conical hot
n is filled W~ith ashes to the depth
f eight or nine inches, to k- i the
emperature more uniform and to
aid suddenl changes of tempernfure
hen doors are opened and there is a
rong wind. On tho top of the ashes
thrown a hit of old mat or similar$
aterial to keern the baskots of e
enn and to prevent raising a dust
hen they are taken out. For hoMr
ithe eggs: a basket is used that
~aves a space of about an inch be
een it and fl-; inner wall of the
r. Round and full, thee baskets
ich hold from 1200 to 1950 pes
After the eggs are put into the has
a a slow snmoldea-n: fire, made with
ry' fine charconl, is started. After
day the pes are taken out, a harad
i at a t"'e. and put Into a similar
asket. This Is done from two to
yur times each day aecording to the
mperature, The Chinese use no
hermiomfoor to test the degree of
at nttniined In the incuhator. the
ges being simply touched to the eye
nlJ. A fter being In the Incuhator for
our days the eggs are tested to see
'thor contain a living germ. hy hold
-l them up to the light and looking
hmauh them. Eggs containinE nc
living germs are sold on ine street fo
food at about one-sixth of a cel
After being tested they are kept i
the jars for seven days, bein
changed as before. This makes a totn
of eleven days in thie ja:s. Then the
are taken in a bamboo basket an
rolled out on . mat on th
platform above the jars. Her
they remain until hatched. Th
only heat they receive is from th
room, except during cold weather the:
are covered with a heavy quilt. Afte
they are hatched the chicks are pu
in shallow haskets for a short time t
-,ain strength and then they are read
for sale. The hatch by th . remarka
ble method is from G0 to 70 per cent
THt AMERICAN INCUBATOR IN TURKEY.
After testing, it is stated'that 90 pei
cent. of those remaining will hatch
This style of incubator probabli
would not suit American reqiuirements
>ut the ilea of utilizing the heat of thi
mom111 <luring the later stages of incuba
tion1 is very valuable, as it economize.
both heat and space.
An Important Phase of t- e Chickei
Poultry feeding is sometimes a mos
-serious problem to those who desire t<
make this line a specialty. Experi
ence has shown that there are certair
special lines of agricultural operation;
with which poultry raising may ad
va-utageously be connected. In dairy
ing therec is usually a large quanrit3
of skim milk or butter-milk whiel
may be uIlized to furnish a consider
able part of the poultry ration. Upoi
the fruit farm fowls are also of ad
vantage. They keep down insect pest.
and they may have a free range i
greater part of the season without th<
possibility of doing any damage. Plun
growers have found poultry especirall:
useful in obliterating the curcullo, and
'even the apple crop has been consid
erably benef4, It ; is found tha1
tat fowey injure small fruits it is best
tathybe contined during the lim
itedi season when the fruit is ripen
ing. Waste fruits, either in winter
or summer. are a welcome and valua
ble aiddition to the poultry ration.
The market garden also furnishes a
large amount of waste products which
may be utilized for poultry feed.
There is the waste lettuce, the small
heads of cabbage, the unsold beets.
carrots and potatoes, the green corn
which cannot be marketed 'or any
BROOD OF INCUBATOR OSTRICHES.
purpose, the was'te of the ~mall fruits.
tc. If properly cared for the hens
w ill br ing a ste. :y and reliable in
come during the winter months.
D riedl lov er. roots. tubers. etc., should
'e sava for them (luring the winter.
These .snoul i be steamed and fed with
the mash or cahhaf.Cs, and beets may
~e fed raw. A catch crop of bucekwheat
or oats and peas will furnish much
food at little explense. oran. meat.
meal. aveat screenings and oats pur.
ebased for poultry will bring good re
gurls in eggs and will also .dd ma
terially to the fertilizer supply.
HL.-d Lcenrncd the Business.
An hone4t and. singular as it may
seem, a stupid Trishman, who had work.
ed for a coal dealer half a year, andi
shown nio canacity to le'rn his dutias,
was f,.liv dischare'ed. "Go to th ofe
nd gec: your money. I've been patien
with vo.' h-d vou are too thickheaded to
learn anyth'inz." said the~ nroprietor. "All
roiht. sir." anewered Barney: "mcbe
):m t':ik-head~ed, as yez say. but Oi've
learned wan t'inz. anr. way" "Tf von
'ave. and learned it well, I'll not dis'
charge von." saidl the proprietor. banter.
inlv: "n.on wvhat have you land
"tj've learned. sor. that siventeen hun
'red makes a ton in this place." replied
Barney, and he went back to work.
Hours For Sleep
"Natnre requires five,
-C'ustomn rives seven;
Lazinei's takes nine.
Ad wicednss eleven."
't Let Me Tell You
On This Genuine 1906
OU see we make more Incubators than
any other concern in the world.
We have two big factories equipped
e with every up-to-date labor-saving appliance.
B We buy lumber in immense quantities.
And turn out from six to seven hundred
e Incubators a day.
E This means high grade machines at low
t Now we are after the trade with an Incu
bator of up-stairs quality at a down-stairs
price. And to prove to you that Chatham
SIncubators are the best made. we are will
ng to let you try one 84 days FREE
OW TO BUILD AN
- e. IlustrtdINCUBATOR
,4 r1s Incubato A R0E
and Brooder plans &BROODERI
free showing how tom
build your own machines at,
little cost. Anyone can do it.
Also fine illustrated catalog of
Incubator and Brooder bp
PLANS e Writeforbo.
IL.I SEER CO.
F R E E Dent. 37 Quincy,_n
THE BEST SEND FoR'
PL. TS. OR NEW8B0011
P81ANS. CT CONTAIN*
TRES ALL THZ
TREES GOOD THINGS
IJL-.AV & CO.. s.PauL.MINN.
1000 COPIES FREE
to farmers intercsd in getting the best results
from the soil.
oFOOD FOR PLANTS"
a hant(Iomelylustraebook.250paMU telllngtbe whole
truth about the frecta on Nitate in fertilization. If you
want a copy send name and address on post card
Nitrate Propaganda, Andersou Sildin, Nea~o~k
is the title of Our New Ca
k ful and instructive hortic
186 pages-700 engravi
7 duotone plates of vegel
To give this Ctalogue the largest poss
To everyone who wil st:
endoses Ten Cents (in stamp
of charge, our famous 50-CC:
ing one packet each of Giant I
Giant Victoria Aiteri, eziivcd;
and Wita Tipped Scarlet Radi
and returned, will be accept
amounting to $t.ooand upward
U PEE% E
BU PEE If you w:,
flowers you should read BURPEE'S FARN
as the "Leading American Seed Catalogue." It
address TO-DAY. W. ATLEE BU
DO YOU US
If so, we a
We believe we havl
line of Acetylene Burn<
than we can explain he:
', our burners.
Write us today, nention kind of G
stamps to Cover postage,
Are Sold Direct From Facti
YOU SAVE FROM $15 to $200
When you buy a Wing PIano, you buy at whole
sale. You pay the actual coat of snaking it with
only ouir wholenale profit added. When you buy
a piano, as mtany st 1 do-at retail-you pay the
retail dealer's stare rer.t and other expenses.
You psy his profit and the commission or salary
of the agents or salesmen he employs-all these
on top of what the dealer himself has to pay to
the manufacturer. The retail profit on a piano
is from $75 to $200. Isn't thIs worth saving?
SENT ON TRIAL ANYWHERE
WE PAY FREICHT. . ..
'NO MONEY IN ADVANCE -
We will place a Wing Piano in any home In the
United States on tr~al, without asking for any ad
vance payment or deposit. We pay the freight
and all other charges in advance. There is
nothing to be paid either before the pIano is sents
or when it is received. If the piano is not satis- a.
.factory after 20 days' trial in your home, we tak1e
it back entirely at our expense. You pay us noth- y
ing, and are uneir no more obligation to keep hay
the piano than if yce were examining it at our mer
7,,tory. There can bc absolutely no risk or ex- coll
Donot imagine that it is impossible for us to do
as we say. Our system is so perfect that we can ed~y
without any troubie deiver a planoin the afalest tain
eaniy aswe can in New York Cty, and with b
Isclutely no trcuhle or annoyance to you, arnd ~7
without anythIng being paid in advance or on beria ihrfrfegto n te xes Ptf
We takeold piamos and organs in exchange. Thi:
*A guarantee for 12 years against any defect In had
tone, action, werkrnanship or material is given witl
Il You Intend to
A book-uiet a eat
have. to rio ifo e
ad rtPs a 7u
aout of .,deeudn
tube.I wl enstoko
358-369 W 13th st.oNew York
the Special Price
You can take off
four hatches. and. if
the machine isn't ex
actly as represented
send it back at our
expense. Could we
xnake a fairer offer?
But we go further
even than this and
guarantee every In- Try It
cubator we sell for 84
five years-a direct
Send for our FREE
Your name and address on a post card =-ile
at once gets the whole story by return mail.
The Manson Campbell Co., Ltd.
277 Wesson Aven, Detrol, Mich.
WHAT YOU r n
CETF OR cns
i large package Beet I large package Squash
ICarrot I Cabbage
1" Cuenmber 1 Pnmpkin
1 6 ar n 1 int Kn's Won er
1 Melon EaryPa
1 " Turnip 1 pint Anmeriat Wax
1 ' Parstey Beans
Radish 1 pint Holmes' Early
i " " Onion Sweet Corn
1. " " Tomato
What you need for your table all summer. Get your
Tegetab'es fresh out of the garden every, dy, and
know what nare eating. This entire colition of
seeds, best inthe world. only 50 cents. Send your
orders early and get your seeds on time to plant
GLENDALE NURSERY, EVERETT, MASS.
talogue for 1 906-the most beauti
ultural publication of the day
ngs-7 superb colored plates
ables and flowers.
ble distribution, we make the following Iberal ofer:
unts as Cash
.te where this advertisement was seen and WhO
s), we will mail the catalogue, and also send free
it " Henderson " Collection of seeds, contain
kfixed Sweet Peas; Giant Fancy Pansies, mixed;
renderion's New rork Lettuce; Early Ruby Tomato;
A; in acoupon enve!ope, which, when emptied
4 as a 25-cent cash payment on any order
ARE THE BEST
, THAT CAN BE CROWN
mt the choicest vegetablesor most beautiful
I ANNUAL FOR 1906,-so well known
is matled F R E E to all. Better send your
RPEE & CO., PHILADELPHIA.
r Want to sen1 you
the very 'best and the cheapest
es. Our sample will show better
e why it would pay you to use
enerator used, enclose 8 cenats in
and we will send you
SBU RN ER.
33-oda NEW 706 N. Y.
ry and in No Other Way
a SS years over 42,000 Wing Pianos:
been manufactured and sold. They are recomn
ded by seven governors of States, by musical
ges and schools, by prominent orchestra leaders,
ic teachers and musicians. Thousands of these
osare in ycur own state, some of them undoubt
in your very neighborhood. Our caalogute con-.
inames and addresses.
adolin, Guitar, r-p, Zither,Banfo
e tones of any or all of these instruments may
produced perfectly by any ordinary player on the
a by means ef our Instrumental Attachment.
improvemen~t is patented by us and cannot be
in: a::y other piano. WING ORGANS are made
the same care and sold in the same way as Wing
os. Separate organ catalogue sent on request.
D THIS BOOK
Buy a Piano-No Matter What Make ~
sr.It tells abouth fernt mnat. 4'A
atprsof ptano~t eay the dir- so
ya jdg of tne. action,
il good fro~m hod. It is abso I
oe pIeomard evr pub lhed. q
teltpne csructiuS li
27ya1 pao. Al y u 358-369 W 13
1 us your name and te9St., New York
s-dy whil you 9<lSend to the namneand
i theettached adrsswrtten below,
rbl baros u4 the Book of Complete In
O.th |$ formation about Pianos,
omptly 'e * also price: and terms of pay
*,ment on Wing Pianos. -