Newspaper Page Text
District Leader is
By Nelson Lloyd. W#*
-0-geg0*6a-N every city in the country, wbatever party may be in power.
we witness attacks on the "gang." somnetimues the gang is
overwhelmed, ignominiously bcaten and thrown out of the
city halls amid general execration. Then the lean years
come, but it goes back to the district to prepare for other
elections. The reformer appeals to reason, but corruption
docs not argue. Down in the district the leader is campaign
ing always. He is sending coal to the needy, hunting work
for his henchmen, giving lodgng to the homeless, and bury
ing the dead. His days are spent among the police stations and in the courts
helping his people in their hour of trouble wi;h the law; his nights at his club,
where, in his stuffy little office, he sits like a priest at confessional hearing
stories of woe and pleas for assistance. He does favors. Those who receive
them are likely to return them at the polls, an easy sertlement of debts. They
know him. He has helped them.
It is unfortunate That the reward of municipal victory should not be the
honor of a public trust and the opportunity to work out high political ideals,
but rather the power to fatten at the public trough. And it is unfortunate, too,
that the district boss should have to bear the brunt of the attack on this system.
He receives shafts that would hit harder were they aimed higher. We hear
little in the campaign of the respectable gentlemen whose names adorn the di
rectories of the grout corporations that urge him. These are men of the high
est integrity, but of course it is no concern of theirs if the companies they di
rect find it easier to do business when the city is in control of those who. in
the words of the famous boss, are "working for their pockets all the time.
From "In the District," in Scribner's.
Changes Desirable in the
By Dr. G. Stanley Hall,
President of Clark University, Worcester, Mass.
ODAY the individuality of the professor is obscured, and we
have developed a vast array of machinery, with a president
drilling his subordinates. Our professors devote too much
time to the examination of the students, so that they have
no time for individual work. Princeton has realized this in
the adoption of the tutor system.
The high school should be the people's college. They pay
for it. The ideal will be when the high school says, -This
is the best we can do for the average scholar," and, to the
university or college, "Take him or leave him, or her," and you may be sure
that they will take them.
* The tendency is to standardize knowledge. so that it is like baled hay. It
is put up in packages, and is discouraging food to the youth who wants To
preserve his individuality. At the Leland Stanford university there is prac
tically no entrance examination. The seeker for knowledge finds the gates
ouen. Colleges ought to be open to every one who can profit by the privilege.
That a man has read the Bible in English is a sufficient entrance examination.
Now as to athletics. The one fact that does not receive the prominence
it deserves is that the real article does its best work on the moral character,
instilling in the player a high sense of honor. The soul of athletics should be
fair play. A man may play hard on the football field and be a gentleman. In
the days of Greece there was the same hazing spirit as today, and the organ
ization of student societies was practically the same. and under it all was the
spirit of honor among the students.
Unfortunately, the purely culture studies are langttishing. The study of
Greek and Latin is discouraged. In my day in every educational centre of any
pretensions it wvas necessary to have an cbservatory. Every student was in
terested-and thereby gained religious instrtr tion-in the wonders of God's
world. Today there arec a few of the sttudents inter-estedl in the miathemiatical
0~* The Danger *~
of Milk Preservatives
By Mary Hinman AbeL
+M+.4.. H ATTEVER difterence of opinion t here may he as to the use
_______ +of small Quantities of i'reserv.atives in other foocs, phiysi
jians andi hygienists arec agreed in condemning their addi
++ on to milk because it is the food of infants, and the young
+ *.. of different species have Dceen shown to be very susceptible
+ o their effect. Not only is the preservative itself probably
_ harmful, but by its use the pooreSt quality of milk can be
++ '>almed off on the consumer, Dirty milk is still dirty and
dangerous, even though its souring point has been artificial
changed. We may be certain that neither' farmrer not' dealer- is going to use
one extra pirecaut ion oi' an ounce of ice more than is needed to get his milklC
to market in goodl condlition, and if he knows that he can fall back on the
chemical to conceal that fatal sign ef souring, atnd thus this double burden of
bad milk and the action of the preservative is laid on the digestion of the lit
tle ones, who. if we may judge from the vital statistics, have a hard enough
time at best to get through their first five years of life. All of the lar-ge cities
initst that ye'- little preser-vative' is x.aw added to milk, yet prosper-ous-look
ing agents continue to solicit, and well-infot-med people insist that immense
quantities are tused. Are the Cities, with their small force of anialysts unable
to make thor-ough examinations, 0or are preservatives now in tuse that are less
casily detected? Certain it is that vigilant inspection diminishes the evil,
and where fines do0 not deter, imprIisonment will, Still more impor-tant in re
diucinlg the use of preservatives is the enforcement of sanitary regulations at
the farm and the use of ice in transportation.-Delineator.
*~~ '*- The ~~*~
Rights of the Cnild Asleep
a"e ndb By Dr. Grace P. Murray. **#~*'dn*
..:++++ T is ifficutlt to keel) mothrs and nurses from the old custom
? $of rocking the child to sleep, bttt children andl mothers alike
+ si ottld be emanciptatedl from sutch bondage. When the time
A or- sleeping has arrived the child shouild be put in its cradle
+ + or crib and left to woo sleep on his own account. Sceptics,
$+-.-M5.I++$who have never trained the child after- this manner, may
++++++++ sa that it is easier said than doe-o ifyu -il .ei
2, . ..9 iththe child fronm tihe very fir'st. The child is so much
happier. and sleeps better. T'he child shotuld not be tempt
cd to sleep by tmeans (of his bot t&. He shoutldi he kept awake to finish his
meali comfort Ably, arid the bottle shoutld be theni removedi. The artificial nip
pe mo- --a-ifie-r which is often uised to putt the child to sleep, should not be
put in the chld's5 mouth for any r-eason whatever. Besides its tuncleanliness,
it may tmake' the momth sore and distort it: andi it causes an excess flow of
saliva. Childreni sleep better if the r-oom is darkened to some extent. It is a
good piani to have a dim li'ht bturning at night. so one catn see to move about
withtut having to tmake a jight, for that disturbs a child in its sleep. Children
shoutld bte often visited ciuriing their sleeping hour-s to make sttre there is noth
ing the matter' wiin them. Of course, childrent rest better if all is tranqttil
and qutiet aboum them, but they should not become actustedei to too much
quiet in the houiseholi so that they awaken at the slightest disturhance. Do
not nermlit - baby to b~e educatedt into habits and ways in regard to his;
sleeping and ntp-taking which will make him a little tyr-ant in the family.
-W\hat is there abom thi Rev~-. On-0 in a1 wIhile the man who is
D~r. Holdforth tmaki' hitm sucht.t a too lagi~ to wu!' poses as ai VMonnI!
\u) hw~hn '(- \ ' m ith averall mnet. theis hea
I2 1;2te' -'1 ~ ' I' .0 f ''er reaimr., the wedir.;:~ an
- 2\ e 1)- Ii~"itt~nouneent :n a newsptatper, a1 wVomtanl
;o e.2-p -- -K '.i~ 't''avas itrns to the court news to~
andthy' betoev:'eo~re'.;~see h~ow, many diveroec suits have
TH BOARD Of PARDONS
New Board Will Go Into Office Within
One Month From Approval of the
Governor leyward Saturday nig.ht
aniinouneed the appointement of the
board of pardons provided for in the
act recently passed at the session of
the zeneral assembly just ended. The
board consists of Ar. W. R. Shand
-f Columbia. 3Mr. Wilson G. Harvey
:f Charleston and Mr. R. 31ays Cleve
.and of Greenville.
In selecting the board. Gov. Hey
ward endeavored to secure three men
of the highest standing and character,
vho are not actively in polities, and
those who know the three gentlemen
consider that he has succeeded in
naming such men. Ilr. Shand, who
is appointed for the three (Year term,
is the recently retired preident of the
Soutih Carolina State Bar association
and jo lawyer in the State stands
hi-her in the estimation of the profes
sioi and the publie at large. Under
th(e terms of the art the resident mem
ber I-, the board wvill be the secretary.
Alr. Harvvy. who is appointed for
two Vears. Is plre-sidedn't (if the Eniter
prise bank of Charlesion and is one
If the most pr1or essi ve and popular
\oiung usiness inen in lie city. lie
ha; a wide acquaintaice throughiout
r. ( leveland. whose hone is at
Mari-tta in (reenville co:ity, is one
A the most substantial. honorable
and publie-spirited men in South Car
olina. le is one of the largest and
mlostucessfIul farmers in the up
c'oiuntiy and is a imewber of the State
executive omitt1itlee of the Southern
Co non Association, in which organi
7atioL)n he has take an 1 active interest.
Mr Cleveland fornierly represented
(recnville county in the general as
eublv. lie gets the oine year term.
The board will go into otice 30 days
-fIier the law is signed, which was
done: ' Saturday. The members are to
receive $4 per day for their services
while in session and their meetings
are limited to 20 days during the year.
so that for such men as have been
named the work will be one purely
of honor and pa' ri.tisin. The gover
nor is empowered to refer to the
board any petitmon for pardon upon
which lie desires their recommenda
tio'n but he is not required to do so
aind he is iot required it follow the
recmnitcndatitoIns (if the board in
i raMnting or refusinz a pardon. As a
practical matter, it is not likely that
Oity -overnor 1wil in many instances
decline to follow the recommenda
1ions of the board
A Farmer Stabbed to the Heart.
Lamar, Special.--Charlie Emerson.
a farmer living about four miles from
this lace was stabbed to death in
trout of the store of Dr. J1. F. Watson.
Who did the cutting is not known, but
two negroes suspected of some knowl
edge of the affair are in the keeping
of the oflicers. Emerson had been a
few minutes before ini a nearby store,
in1 whieh he. with Jim Wadford and
Bowman Scarboroughi. had some
trouble. Emerson having been drink
ing. lie left this store and while
walking along in front of Dr. WVat
son's drug store was stabbed to the
hart. Emerson never spoke a word,
though his little six-year-old boy call
ed to hinm piteously to speak. The
knife with which it is supposed Emer
son was killed was found by his side.
Henry MIiles and his son, colored.
were "rrested an~d are being held
pendling an invest igat ion. The in
uest was held S)und~ar.
Child Burned to Death.
Gafeney Special.-A shocking ae
ilen app~ened1 to an infant chtild
of Mr. and M3-s. Forest Painter,
Monday evening at their home, four
miles from thtis e'it v. The five-months
old1 daughter was left sleeping peace
fully in a cradle in the house, while
its mother was engaged in milking
a cow and its father feeding his
stoolk. The fathert heard the screams
of the child. Rushzing into the
house, lhe discovered the little one
and its erib in flames. The mother
andl father' hastly snatched the
burning child from the cradle and
extinguished the flames, and did ev
erythiing possible for its relief, but
le burns were very serious and the
little u'iri died from the e!Teets on
The Change of Venue Granted.
Chester. Special.-] udge Ga'ze fil
eon Tuesday afternoon, with olerk
4' tile court of Lancaster count v. is
dreision in the case of Castles, ad
ministra tor, against the 'oun]]tyv of
Lancaster. The decision grants theC
motion for change of venue and
names York county as the plaec for
trial of the case. instead of' Chester.
as aked by defendant9 c (ountsel.
Tjhe change is made on the ground
that the ends of justice weuld be
promo'ed by the change.
Callie Collins Killed.
Rock Ilil. Speial.-Callie Collins.
the 1S-year-old son of 3Mr. and Mtrs.
J1. J. Colliuis of this city, died at
Bla:4sburg from injuries received on
the Sout her'n Railroad. ie wa':s in
the act of coupling two ears together
and on aceount o1 the humpers in one
of the e'ars being completely off. the
I'ote ear -was push~edl a:.m i 1s him.
'4,nerzin::t him to dea th. I(e was n:>t
Lilfled insinta! ly but didl in a few hour ts
S20,000 South Carolina Exhibit For
( olumrbia. S. ( .. Special.-Tihe Gen
'.nl \55tnbly 44i Soul th arolinta jpass
Frying Pan Lightship Found.
(l'n:sduio-:t the stor~n 3Mandav
*i. i o boyl Cae r hars cin
Occurrences of Interest from
All Over South Carolina
MANY ITEMS OF STATE NEWS
A Batch of Live Paragraphs Cover
ing a Wide Range-What is Going
On in Our State.
New York Market.
February.. .. .. .. .. ...... 10.S
March......... .... . .... ...10.55
April...... .. .. .. .. .....10.64
June. .. . . ... ...........10.75
July.... .... ...... ...... .10. 7
August... ... ... .. ........10.76
September ... . ............10.84
October..... .. .. ..........0.
ovbr....... .. ..... ...10.35 .1
December.... .. .. .......
New Orleans Market.
Future closig bids
lebruarV.. .. .. .. .........10.dt
April......... .. .. ......1 0.0-1
June...... .. .. .. .... . ...
Julyv........ .. ........10.9:3
August...... .. .. ........ .10.76
October...... .. .. .. .......10.24
December. . . . .. . ........10.27
Spot closed aSeaIy at 10 9-16 for
middling. Net and gross receilpts
9.1317 baes: sales 20.SU bales; stock
Wants Detailed Information.
One of Ihe mosi enthusiastic work
ers in South Carolina in the interest
of the Southerni Cotton Association
is Mr. .1. E. Wannamaker., president
of the Orangeburg association. He
has lately invented a scheme to find
out, just how much cotton will be
planted in that county this year antd
how uch in the past.
Mr. Wannamaker does not believe
that the farmers will not reduce their
acreage and on Saturday following
he will mail to every land owner in
his county a postal card with a re
turn card attached. He writes the
land-.wenrs because their addresses
Iare well known and he asks thema to
co-operate, with him in obtaining in
formation from their tenants.
The following is printed on the
postal card sent. out by President
St. Matthews. S. C., Feb. 24. 1906.
Decar Sir: The infdrmuation request
ed on this return card has been fully
explained in all the county papers
Facts and figures are wanted--" the
truth, the whole truth, and nothing.
but the truth." They are necessary
to the life, growth and success of the
Southern Cotton Association. If you
cannot comply with the letter with all
the requirements of the Southern
C tton Association but will do so in
spirit and practice to the best oft
your aiiyyoareligible to mn
bersmhip andl will be welcomed as su-h.
Exercise great care and give in its
proper place the number of :wre(s
planted in cotton for the years 1 90
390X5, andl number of acrecs to be
plantedl in cottoin in 1906. and in its
proper place give. number of plows to
cultivate sorne. Also in its proiper
place give acres plant11edI in corn, oats
and other erops foru 1 905-190t0t. Fill
out. signt and( mail repldy i-ard prom It
J1. E. Wanmker'.
Pres. Orangeburg Cotton Associati in
The reply postal. which will be~
maied about Man-li 4. is directe t. :
the preside'nt of ( ra ngetunr (onan
Associat ion;io (Ilet11 ieVersei side re
quest ions to be anisweredl anid b oank
spacees to( be Ii lilledl out underth
vears 30014-1905-1 90t;. as to (coitiin
areage planitedl and niumbehr of p)lws
to cultivate same in~ 191)6; also si0
ist ics as to aereil e in (-lrn. is
and Uller crops5 for 190)5-1 901. A
blnuk space is to lbe iled with aere
age planted by land owner.x and a
separate blank spacie fo r reniters andl
" When the ret urnis: are al in.''
says Mr. Wannamker." I conddentl-~
ly' expeet a subst~ in i rednet- ion i
cotton acereage from last year- or at
least S petr cent., onl 10 per cent.- I
have stumittedci my poistal rd i
scheme to the St ate llOier ofi the
Souther-n Cot ton Assiciat Iion. They
hertily approv~e of it. and . i 'o.
every reason to believe it wil be
made effective nit only 1hiroughonm
his State. but in every: countyv of The
entit-c cot tion belt . ittoIn ;rrowers
stand together.-Colmunbia state.
A Distressing Accidcnt.
Columbia. Speiail.-- Ho~well Hall,
a nine-year-oldl boy emoploiyed in. lie
weave roomt (If lie ( ranb ml. fel
from the fouthl locr do:wn an il-Ic
vaor shaft to thle -levator car'. Iwo
floors below, about 9 o'ekick Thturs
day mon i* anil -rusheid his skull.
ie died at 12.1:, o'clok in the a; -
Arrested for Murder.
has been lodged in jail foi thi- kil
ing' of Dock Wilioms, a i aimn
s tn. The dillieuhyv to"ok plac-- SM
LIST Of LAWS ENACID
But Only the Laws of Varied Impor
tance Are Included in Statement of
As usual the general assembly did a
great deal of local legislation and
these acts are not of general interest,
affecting gnerall only the counties
in which thev arise. Below will be
found a list of the enactments in
which the entire State 1 interested:
To establish Christmas holidays in
the State colleges.
To incorporate the 'Union Carnegie
To change the name of South Car
olina College to the University of
To ratify and confirn the charter
of the Central Carolinan Power Cor
To provide for a i onument to
mark the grave of General Thou.as
To prevent restaurant and eating
house keepers at railroad and steam
boat stations from furnishing meals
to white and colored pssengers to
To have application fees of candi
dates for medical licenses to go to the
Making appropriation for dispen
sary i!nveSti gation.
Lo establish a board of pardoni.
Appointing a bank examiner.
Establishing a lish commrnission.
Establishing a fund for disabled
firemen by taxing insurance compan
To fix the salaries o f the circuit
stenographers at $1,500.
To establish a county court in Rich
To celebrate South Carolina dav in
the public schools.
To buy new fos for the State
To charter the Central Railwav
company of South Carolina.
To prevent merchants of car brass
es from selling their stock otherwise
To reonuire railroad< at junctional
points through the railroad commis
sion to erect depots.
To require railroads and other
common carriers to provide toilets at
To give federal government con
trol over the quarantine stations.
To pr2vent railroad companies
from charging extra fare for eross
ing bridges when entering the State.
To give the federal 'overnment
control ov-r certain lands on Sulli
van 's island.
To require eorion carriers to re
weigh freight and to establish seales
for that purpose.
To require railroad companies to
(ive information concerning the ship
ment of live stock.
To cut dead trees from near the
To ineoroorate the Newbecrry, Whit
nmir'e and Augusta Railroad company.
To incorporate the Midldle Carolina
and Western Railway company.
To punish indecent exposure.
To change name of the Saluda Riv
er Power Company to the Greenville
Carolina Power company and allow
ing the company to build a dam across
the Saluda below the present one.
To allow suits against insurance
companies to be brought in the coun
ties where the loss occurs.
.Toint resolution to buy .50 copies
of Elizas' "The Jews of South Car
TIo ineorpoIrate the Piedmont Pow
To allow an illegitimate cthld to
be inhtlerenlt fromn its mmenher.
To amend dispenisary hiw. mlaking
reguhuatioiis as~ 10 ot her counties the
samei( inil~T H arr :md Beauforti.
The gene iral bill on v.ot ing precinets
The pulre 1food bill.
To a ppro~priate .920.000 for the
The 'reneral miagist rate'bil
Tfo estatbl ish an ; i ndu'.strial school
for bovs-the iireformiorvi.
To miake Thiursday of a iir weeck a
lega':l holiday in Riebihnoil.
To' establish a county courti in lik
en--also one in Sumter.
Tol publishi the namnes ofC hlneiiair
ies in State institut ions and lie nm
es of their parents ii o r -d iains.
To evmut supervisoris aind coin
isslion(ters from furnishini i-uunty
sulpplies while in otlice.
To mamke the solicitors' sar .91.
To repeal tlhe law cxemnl t ill Coit
federatie veteranS fronm license whlen
deaingii~ ini seeti cotill.
A I lowing (-it v couiiciN r-iat lier ball
heariils of llealtl i to zl}shoinit. llealth
T'o requiire State ho'use clerks to
To e-sur-ver lhe Edgeleid-A ikeni
Tfo have experL't ebend sts exanineii
the boIdies iof personsi Suppol~sed to'
have been p)oioned.
To prohibit wron useh ofIElI~ hags
(-i lisiia ofi secret orders by per
sons not imembiers.
Ready for Hot Springs Meet.
Hot'' Springs. Ark.. Specia l.--Ever
th:in is in readiness for ithe openinig
of the spiring mneeting of t he Oaklawn
doc'(key (Club and the feature of which
is die Oaklawn handicap at ai liOe
and one-sixteenth The track i- light.
a ing fast andl with favorable weaither
frnm all 'ndliention~ no(Iw are t ha a
ie'ord-blreakingl (-rowd will be in at
tendlance. W\itin~ 1 ha Ipat vrek!- ''ver
2v1n1s !fr~ thae opeim' <i aml wel
Ini th 'onvtenttionI! of Di,1trit 5'. at
!Fil i51silf.. a1 re's'] d at Wio a is sshd de
andl Vive\-Pre!siden~t Heil i ngham va
Ia Q~icrrial I.andyi Nieoltils. of
t ther-in-iawr. Lav\ti n I-e.
Setnat'r Johni W. Daniel was given
(ELCOMED TO CUBA
Mr. and Mrs. Longworth Are
WILL SPEND A WEEK ON ISLAND
Couple, Together with New American
Minister, Received by Committee
of Cuban Congress and Represen
tative of President Palma-Guests
of Minister Morgan.
Havannah. By Cable-The steamer
Mascotte. havng on board Mr. and
Mrs. Nicholas Longworth and Edwin
V. Morgan, the new American min
ister to Cuba. arrived here from Flor
ida after a :mooti trip and was
boarded by the attaches of the Amer
ican legation and Frank Steinbardt,
the American consul at Havana. the
reception committee of the Cuban
Congress and President Paina's nil
itarv aide-de-eamp. who, were receiv
ed by the travelers on the after deck.
Congressman Govin, as spokesman of
the committee. briefly and cordially
weleomed Minister MIorgan and as
sured 3r. and Mrs. Longworth that
Cuba was delighted with the oppor
tunity of honorinz the daughter of
her best friend. Mr. and "Mrs. Long
worth went ashore in a launch in
charge of the Cuban President's aide
de-camp. a gaily decorated tug, char
tered by the American Club. accom
panying them. Thence they were
driven in an automobile to Mr. Mor
gan's residence in the suburb of Ma
rianna. The Longworths plan to re
main here a week.
Extends German Tariff Rate.
Berlin, By Cable-The Reichstag
has passed the first and second read
ings, without amendment, of the gov
ernment's proposal to extend ;ecip
rocal tariff rates to the United States
until June 30. 1907. Chancellor von
Buelow made a statement in which
he said the imperial government
asked t.he Reichstag to authorize the
application of the treaty rates to
the United States, not as a right un
der the most favored nation inter
pretation, but in order that the ne
gotiations pending might still be
conducted to a satisfactory end and
because it was in the interest of both
countries to avoid a tariff wvar. The
Chancellor said he placed a high
value on good national relations be
tween Giermany and the United
States. which were a blessing in
both lands, but it would deceive to
believe that he would buy political
friendship by the sacrifice of Ger
many's economic interests. The
grounds of the government's propo
sal were that a tariff war, which
must only be resortedl to in case of
neessity. would damage . not only
Germany's interests, but other im
portant departments of industry. Al
though the United States would be
injured in exports, which had grown
considerably. the advantage of such
a war would rest with a third coun
try. The~ ( hancellor presunably
rreant Gireat Britain.
Summnarizine a note fro m Secre
tary Root to Amibassador Sternberg.
Prince von Bueclow said that as soon
as reciprocal relations of trade
has been granted to thle United
States. the P'resident will publish a
proclamtat ion granting G~ermany a
cnt inuance of the advantages of
Section 3 of the Dingley tariff.
Verdict for S4,000.
Griens;Joro. Special.-Henry Hunt
ey, nuloredl was iven a verdict for
0.000 against the Southern Railway
Cmpany in (Guilford superior Court.
the jury haiving~ had thec case uinder
considerat ion since 4 o 'ilock Thurs
day afternon-. Hluntley sued for
g.?5.000O as daunages on account of an
imijured leg by falling off a box car.
Chicago, Special.-.lohn Hoeb. con
veted wife-murderer aind confessed
bimit. w\as hanged in the county
j.il Fr~ia for. pouisoning his wvofe.
Marie W icker Hloch. lie faced
deth woht a prayer* on his lips for
the oficer or the law who took his
lie. a'no ave for the wor'ds "goiod
hve.' i last utterance was an as-I
srtion 1bait he wa innocent of the
crime for which lie paid lie extreme
penalty of the law. Hle was the no
torious wifec nourderer. and his triml
has developed nmany efforts to evade
No Tax Commission.
R iehuond. Special.-The bill of
Senator Thomas to create a tax comn
mission to make a 2eneral investi
gation of conditions ini the State andl
recommnel nieeded changes in the
Virginmia Tax Laws, was killed in thc
Senate :i fer a spirited and somewh~at
bitter tight. The measure is simni
lar to the bill of Mr. Byrd, which
was before the House.
News Items. :tlraY
andis in a eritical 'inition.
-enjami Grn1 .isi~~ra
beenhienghi.: ohnttl~ sin.e
.Jonary 27. and phyvsicians are un
CONGRESS AT WORK
What Our National Law Makers Are
Doing Day by Day.
The Senate and SmoOt.
In presenting a petition azziinst
Senator Reed Smoot, signed by thous
ands of women of California and Cal
orada. Messrs. Perkins and Paterson
tcok occasion to define these-posit ion;s
on the protests against the Utah Sen
ator. The former said that reiiziouls
views should not be csiderel in
passing ipon the qualifffetions of a
Senator and that his honesty and the
attributes that command confidence
and respect should be. considered
above all else. Mr. Patterson thought
there were great constitutional ques
tions' to be considered and said fhat
these would govern his vote. The p
titioners had requested these Senaitr
to make some remarks in tresentin-.a
Discussion of the pure focd ;!I ow
eupied practically all of the day. The
speakers were Mr. Heyburn. wh. o h:
charge of the bill, Senator Foraiker.
who presented a number cf amend
ments desired by liquor interests: lr.
Money, in favor of his.substitute. aml
Mr. MeCumber. A vote will be taken
In introducing a bill to prohibit the
iaking of money contributions in fur
therance of- elections, Mr. Tilbe~lm
reviewed the fact that he had of'i-d
two resolutions to investigate eorp.r
ate contribuations for campaign pur
poses and said that one, relatinz t',
banks should be replied to by the See
retary of the Treasury and that tle
other is resting with the committee on
privileges and elections. Mr. Tillnin
said lie had an understanding with
Mr. Burrows that .a.mesting would he
called when lie had anything to offer
that would shed light on corrupt con
tributions. "I believe I am now it)
position to give such<infqrmation.'
concluded Mr. Tillmah,'id would
be glad to go before'tlhetommitiee
and present my facts 'heever thh e
committee meeting is-'called."
Mr. Burrows replied that he would
call a meting at' the convenience ot
Mr. Tillman and that the committee
on privileges and -elections would take
pleasure in hearing him.
The prohibition in Mr. Timain 's.
bill extends to-..ay nati6na: bank Or.
corporation engaged in 'inter-state or
foreign commerce, or corporation o
ganized by :athority of any laws U
Congress. Punitive measureare pros
vided for violations. -
Three bills weise passed under sus
pension of the rules, requiring a two
thirds vote, in the House..
The first makesgamibline unlawful
ia the Territories of the United
States, including'Arizona, New Meri
co. Oklahoma.-Indiarr Territory and
Alssa. The bill was directed par
tiularly at Arizona and New Mexico.
where it was stated' tliU gamblin~r
The second provides. .work~ for the
Census Bureau by~ requiring statisties
to be taken on insurance, fisheries..
electrical industries, sa.vings baniks
The third appropriates $->0,000 for
the purchase of 300 acres of coal
lands on the Island of Bastd one of
the Philippine archipeladi On the
latter bill a diebateof t~vobours was
hadl. The others were debated 40
mimutes each. .
An effort of Mr. Dalzell, ofPe
sylvania. to se; consideratie- of the
bill incorporating the LakErie &
Ohio Ship Canal ~Compaag ind~i
atelv after the passage ofj ti~e irmv
appropriation bill f&iled.
Mr. Longwort h. of Ohio, was l
ed .)n the( q1uestion with Mr. Legaire. of
South Carolinar. Hereafter he will he
paired with Mr. Aiken, of South
A bill was passed changinz the
name "Southw~esern"' division of lhe
District Court of Georgia to"l
Chairman Hull, of the military af->
fairs commit tee, in presentinz the
army appr'opriationl bill to the House
ured the necessity of comple~te pre
paredntess as to odi- army and niavy
fo: troule in the Orient. Hie de
eared that any nation not prepared
to defend its position in China might
as5 well haul down its flag and~ .ni!
Speeches on tarii imnmigration andt
the Payne 'eustoms houses bil! con
suied tile balance of the day'.
Pure Food Bill Passes.
After 15 vears of more or !ecser
ious considleration of the subjee:. t he.
Senate passed a pure food bili. by
the decisive vote of G3 to 4. The v. tm
was taken after -.a day devotedt al
most e~xclusviley to (debate of a desul
tory character oni the same me-aSurIe.
Several efi'orts were made to amhend
the bill and the committee aceiped
a number of su-.gestions, buit only
those thus accepted were inceorporated
in the bill as paissed. The bill makes
it a misdemeanor to manutfactu:re or
sell adulterated or misbranded f oods
drus. medicines or liquors in the Dis
tict of Columbia, the Territories and
the insular possessions of the United
States, and prohibits ihe shipment of
goods from one State to another 4.
t.. a foreign country. It also prohih
its the receipt of such goods. Panish
ment by a fine of $500 or by imupris
onment for one year, or both. is pre
Shot to Death by Mob.
Andalusia. Alk., Special .-A noarro
~amed Pecdigree was sh!ot to death by
a posse hero. Pedigr.e forced an
et rance to the i:ome: of a prominent
white citizeni in the otait ofth
own :and assaulted ayon a.
.\ tpose located him1 .n he was
idntiidb h is vibe. h prse
the ptisoner bruoke away and bea
to ru mi !.e va shoy