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LARGE CORN YIELDS
Palmetto farmer Gives His
DEEP AND CLOSE CULTIVATION
He O-ained a Phenominal Yield by
Prc:er Cultivation and Use of
3 :: Hartsville (S. C. i Messen
Ir -entlv Mr. E. iMfever William
tn ol' Darlington Co uty. gies to1
I h' public a most valuable paper on
~*n ,!c u:.lture. In view of the iact
<;a; the Southern Cotton Association
ith last meeting held in New
>rnea::sadopted resolutinis of vital
b1e!po!rtance to the Southern fariers
:4 'ug the most important of which
Iat urging the farmers to diver
L he'r crops and to plant corn and
henrzgrainl erops sulfielent at least
r hc.ms consurption. This article
!! t ubject of corn culture by Mr.
Woliamison is all the more important
-m :terestingt. 3Mr. Weilliamso~n
I- a anmber of years after I be
:n to farm I followed the old time
mwhd oF putting the feirtilized all
meiur the corn, planting on a level or
niher, si by three feet. pushing the
p:)a;t from the start and making a
e talk. 'it the ears ivere few and
frcuuer?iv small. I 1:lautcd iuch
'-11 .1 the spring and beught much
mn ' arn the next sprin-z. unut il lin
; i j was driven to the conclusion
:h:o .orn could not be made on up
, ir. this section crt ainly not h.
:h-- method except at a less.
I did uct zive up1) however. for I
,row th1.at the farmer wlho (id ntt
l- .is own corn i-ver hl sur
--i and never woubld. s') I bean
-xp'rimlent. F'i- .. I plhi-d lower.
I the yeield was huItr. but the
was still too hir:7L~. -, I diizcon
- altOgether f1t applica11ll) oL
or before planitin. :n kunw
hrt all crops sholild he fertili
! some tine usedl mixed fertiliz
-r .. side applicat in il applied
I! rnore soluable niti rate oi soda
b-. be guided in this Iy I'he excel
results obtained iroin its use as
dressing for ots. Still the
d though regular. was not large.
d the smallness of the stalk itself
suggested that they should be
ed thicker in the dill. This was
hoi the next year with results so
id--tory that I conitinued froin
to year to increase the inumber
o stalks and fertilizer. i ith which
utain them, also to applynitrate
so.cda at last plowing, and to. lay by
a dy sowing peas broadcast. This
n-thod steadily increased the yield
ma i! year before last, (1904) which
-'rn ecven inches apart in six foot
- .ows ard $11 worth of fertilizer to
-hec aere, I made S3 bushels averaging
I thec acre. severel of myr best acres
sae;ing as much as 1.25 bushels.
ILas:. year. (1905) I followed the
-amte :r-ethod, planting the first week
SAr-ril, 70 acres which had p~roduei
.h lhe y'ear before 1000 pounds see-t
*I~ton per acre. The land sandy un
::ed. n'mewhat rollingt. Seasons very
maverable, owing toe the tremnendous
-:iHi May and the dry and~ extrem
SLot weather later on. From June
1thtoJuly 12th, the t imie when it
eeea r~eeded moisture there was 5.S
anIch of rainfall here; yet with
.01, ast of fertilizer, my yield was
2benels per acre. Rows we're six
e axd corn sixteen inches in drill.
With this method, on land that will
iniarily produce 1000 lbs. of seed
~u with 300 poiunds ofr fertilizer.
Whls of corni shoeuld bee madec
* :~ 200 poundsl' of cot toni seed
- '2. >: poundsl ofi :acid pheospehate,
p-m 7ounllds oft Kinn mixed or
r ' ivalent in e.ther fertilizer.
ecepomids of niinrae of so-la,. all
- b d as side apl !ic-atiin au di
*:d that will make a lbahe and
- -Io cotton per aen-l when ier
'l;- ?undred hushels of jcornl
b e produced by doiubliui- the
f11.' ertilizer alb'ove. exceplt
pO'ounids of nitrate oft sodca
-case there she hl bee left on
2 i corn stalks. peat, vines
f , roem .912 to .$16 wo~rth~ of
muateria l p Er tee b(esides
b bnefit . -:e lanid fromi so
unt- & bd't- vege'tabile mat ter'.
'a (I thi111 i tihe permnanien I
-in vuenit of land cani never he
-,c r commercial fertilizer. feor it
u.I;'tely imossile to ak
h'ould be thiridy~iI :end
Iroken for cornelh. and~ thits is
- . n 1. systemflt t'I rntetion to
th- - soil. ( ett. ni requires anS
- ompal3~.ict soil thant cern, aind
deer> oil ie-1a to its
oepment . it will nt produIi(ce
- . o:: ioose open land, while corn
- (':f 1n land thoroeurbly brolkein.
.soil w ill inoet onlyI' produte
avi~ tha n ai shallow soli with
-ns b1.'.ut it wiVll sand moilre
- well 'r ore de Irahr
*iparit for thle cer eicrop,
uldl be broen~~ brI ai-les: duri
111)w III fr. I im ti
T ash muc dt 1 eee i-a
uually *tand in one y11'ear
ue we ~ll, hug hhuy be
* tai~le manter i, beh1 trn
-r Ki. it mtay. hl rv-er. b- tub
to anyh deth by\ jollin in
* ~ f the sub soi! than hsbe
turned lI~i up. Brea wit
Never plow land when it is wet, i
you ever expect to have any use foi
Bed with turn plow in six ifo
rows, leaving five inch balk. Whei
ready to plant. break this out witl
sCOcterl. followiiz in bottom of thi'
Iurr-oV with Dixie plow. wing taker
off. Ridge then on this furrow witi
same plow going deeper. Rui corn
a n this ridge. dropping iom
grain every five or six inches. Plant
early. as sooi I fro:st danger is past
Sav !irst sCasonabk spell after 3Iart
15th, in this section. Especially i>
early planting necessary on ve'rv rich
lands where stalks aninot otherwis
be prevented from growing too large.
Give first working with harrow 01
uiny plow that will not cover the plant
For second working. use ten or twelve
inch sweep on both sides of corn.
which should now be about eight
inches high. Thin after this work
ing. It is not necessary that the
plants should be left ih same dis
tance apart, if the right number re
main to each yard of row.
Corn should not he worked again
ntil the growth has been so retardedl
and the stalk so hardened that it wil
never grow too large. rhis is the
most difficult point in the whole pro
eess. Experienee and judigment are
teired to know just how much th
stalk should be stunted. and plenty ol
nerve is requiredI to hold bac-k your
(orn when your neighbors who ferti
lized at planting time and cultivated
rapidly, have corn twice the size ot
yours. (They are havin their iua
now. Yours will conie at harvest
time.) The rieher the land the more
necessIrv it is that stunting process
I Fhold be iroughiilv done.
When you Ire coivinced that Your
corn has been sutl-iently humiliated
you may begin to make the ear. It
-houll be from twelve to eightee
inches high, and look wors thaiin vou
hav ever tail any oorn lo'oik betorie.
Plit halt- your iilixed i'ertilizers.
(this bellg the first useI at all) is the
Old sweep furrow on both sides of
evxerV other inidilc and cover b.y
Ireakh:g out this mnididle with Ilur;
plow. About on( week later ,reat
tile otler Iiddle the same waV.
Within a few davs side corn in tirst
nIditle wit!. sixteiln ilcll sweepl. Puit
all vonr litrate of soda in this fur
row. if less than 150 pounds. .i ! more
use onet-hlll (of it now. Cover with
tc furrow d turn plow. then sow
peas in this middle breadcast at the
rate of at least one bushel to the
acre and finish breaking out.
In a few days side corn ill )ther
middle with same sweep. put balance
of nitrate of soda in this furrow if it
has beeni divided, cover with turn
plow, sow peas, and break out. This
lays by your crop with a good bed
and plenty of dirt around your stalk.
This should be from June 10th to
20th, unless season is very late, and
corn should be hardly bunching for
Lay by early. More corn is ruined
by late plowing than by lack of plow
ing. This is when the ear is hurt.,
'the good rains after laying by should
make you. a good crop of corn, and
it will certainly nmake with much less
rain than if pushed and fertilized in
the old way.
The stalks thus raised are 'eery
small, and dIo not require any- thing
like the moisture even in proportion
to size, that is necessary for 'arger
sappy stalks. This may. therefore, be
left much thicker in the rowv. This
is no new process. It has long been
a custom to cut back vines andl trees
in order. to increase the yeild and
ptlity to fruit, and so long as you
do not hold back your corn, it will go,
like mine so long went, all to stalk.
D o not be discouraged by the looks
of your eotto'n dur-ing the process of
ultivation, It will yield out of all
proportion to its appearance. Large
talks c-annot make large yields. ex
:ept with ext remne favorable seasons,
for ther cannot stand a lack of
moisture. Early app~lications of ma
1ur gt- o to m: k large stalks, which
.iu doi not wanit. and the piant food
is ali thuts used up beftore th- ear,
which~ Ivonl dii want, is made. rail
snlks. not only w ill no(t produce well
themselves. but will no t allow vou to
rake tihe pearines. so necessary to
the improvemlent oit land. (Corn raised~
by this meithod should never grow
ver 7 1-2 feet high. and the ('ar
should be necar to the grounud.
I consider the final application of
ntrate of soda an essential point in
this car making process. It should
itiays he applied at last plowinlg andl
umixed with other fertilizers.
I am satified with one ear to tihe
stalk unless a prolill- variety is
planted. and leave a hunder-ed stalks
for every buts:hel that I expect to
ake I1 find the six foot row easiest
to c.ultivate wit h otut injuring the
(-rn. Fror tiiiv butshiels ti) the aerec.
I leave it sixteen iniches apart ;for
eventy-five buishlf~s to the acre. 12
nethes apart, and for one hundred
ushels eight inches apart. Corn
houi~ld be plantedl fromi four to six
inecles below the level. andl laid by
our to six inches above. No hoeing
hould be necessary. and middles mnay
e kept clean uti!i time to break out.
:y usingl blarrmow or by runningiu' one
shoivel futrrow ini cnter of mididle andl
edding on than, with one or more
!loundsI oit turn plow.
I wioulid adi onl a few acres
iedl by this method o thle tirst year. o
121l yout afre famuiliar withl its ap~pli
at io n. Espiilly is it hardi. at tirst.
tuilly ~l car ouit the stunit ing process
:(re at whole c-rop i ivo'lved. and
his is the atbsolutely essential part
This mat hod .1 have appliedl ort seen
applied. succ-iessfully, to all kinds ot
land in this section except wet lands
and moist bottoms, and I am confi
ent it can be made of great benefit.
throuighout thle entire South.
Ila the" middule We(st. whereL cornl is
1iproil andl prof~itableu. ad wher-e.
....r...ul~ for us. So m)1Eiucho OUrS
hl ee-n prouced. tile si:1k does not
usurall Wvrow Iarge-. As we (-'me
'iluth is -ize i::1eresss. at the ex
Mexico it is nearly all stalk (witness
3:isnva riet ies.)
The purpose of this method is to
elniwate this tendencr of corn to
overgrwVth' at th expense of yield.
in this Nouthern elimate.
1 this method I have mide my
con srop, and my neighbors and
friiils, wlho have. wit bout except ioll.
derived grr-at beneilt theref ron.
Plant voIr ,w seed. I wold inot
a iise a chang-e of se'd- a4tol met hoi
the same veuar. as Volu will !ot know
from Wn i hi vol lit%-ve derive i the
l~enelii. I llave isedl thiree varities.
all lhave (Iole Weil. I have llever used
til- metthod (f !te plalitinig. In
fact. I dlo itll ail vise! the late plaut
ing of cori. inless it bec necess:try for
The increased vost of labor aurd
the high price of all material and
land, are rapidly making farming un
proniable, except to those who a'e
getting from one aere. what they
forue lv ot. froml two. We inust
make our lands richer by lt.owingt
deep. plauting pe:s and other legu
wes. mnI luring them vWith acid phos
phates anI potash. whieh are rela
tirely cheap. and returning to the
soil the resultant vegetable matter
rici in liuius and *!xpensive inittogen.
The nieeds of our soils are such that
t Sout Ian never reap the full
imcasure- o properi t *v at should be
hels. ut1t1il this is <iolle.
1 give this methol as a farmuer to
the a mers of 11 e Soutl. trusting
Ih:it thereby they bmy be benetitted
F I :hve been.
1%. Melver Williamison.
OOTH LEAGUE LESSONS
IUNDAY, MARCH 4.
A Life of Unselfish Ministration.
John 4:21; 1 Cor. 19-23.
Sympathy is --putting yourself in
ais place." Some people are able to
io that without much efforl. Others
dud that it takes quit an effort of the
Imagination. But unless it is done
:here can he no sympathy. You 'an
not sympathize with the sorrows of
inother unless they really seem to
Fou to be sorrows. And they cannot
be unless you either have his point
:f view to begin with or you put your.
The desire that God's kingdop1 may
prosper makes many a person a help
r of others far beyond the limits o:
lis personal acquaintance. We cannot
zome into personal touch with th(
people reached by our missionaries in
:heir far-scattered fields. But we be
!ieve in missions as part of the plan
)f the kingdom and our money, which
Is one evidence of our faith, helps peo
ple we never knew and never shall
know unless we make acquaintance in
the life that is to come.
Love is the self-sufficient motive.
[t does not depend on the imagina
ions and the ability to understand,
as sympathy does. Jt does not spring
rrom any conscious desire to spread
the kingdom as zeal does. It is just
itself. Where there is love there is
helpfulness. It does not always stop
to reason. It is its own reason for be
Iing. It cannot be analyzed, and It
does not not need to be explainea.
is love. Whoever loves, helps. Even
if the amount of assistance seems to
be small, love is help. That is wvhy
our poor help is acceptable to God.
Doubtless an archangel could do per
fectly some things we do bunglingly.
But, with all our blundering. God. ac
eepts our imperfect helping of hi2
work when it is the expression of our
Love was and is the great Christ
motive. God so loved that he gave.
Jesus so loved that he healed. and fed
and cleansed, and comforted, and
taught, and saved, giving out of his
mighty resources. and asking for ne
return save that a little of the same
love should be passed on from life tc
life. "Love one another, as I have
loved you.'' In that word there is the
whole gospel of helpfulness, with mo
tive power enough to make it opera
tive until the endl of the world.
'CUDISTIAN ENOEA!OD NOJES
What is True Happiness? The World
ly Idea; The Christian Idea.
Luke 6:20-26; 1 John 12-17. 2 Cor.
6:10; Phil. 4:4-7.
In nothing Christuanity more sharp
ly contrasted with wvorldiiness than ir:
tne ideals of hapipiness of the two.
The strength of the Christian ideal
of happiness is this. that it is an end
The Christian's happiness Is often
paradoxical, anid finds its richest ma-'
terials where the world wouthi ind tne
poorest or none at all.
Our happiness, in proportion as it is
Christian. is unceasing andI flawless.
Happiness is best sought by not
The truest happiness is tie reflec
tion of happiness given another.
Christ was a man of sorrows -but
of our sorrows; He came that His joy
might take the place of them in us.
Happiness never~ happens: it is the
most logical of all results.
its best when we do not think about
The search for happiness is like the
search ior th~e pot of gold at the end
of the rainbow, which moves ahead of
us as we advance.
Hawthorne tells of a youth who
looked all over the world for a treas
tre he was to dig for and find beneath
a certain sign. Returning home, de
feated. he saw the sign and found the
treasure in his own dooryard. So
Am I expecting happiness from any
soutee but cnrist?
What am I doing to make others
Am I growing less happy or more
happy all the time?
Beware all joys but joys that never
To be happy is not the purpose of
our being, but to deserve happiness.
God loves to see His creatures hap
py: our lawful delight is His.-Bishop
DEATH IN A WREC'
A fatal Sunday Collision Nea
Asheville, N. C.
MISUNDERSTANDING Of ORDERI
Conductor Hough and Brakemai
Simpson Meet Death and Enginee
Peter Rouche is Fatally Injured ii
a Collision Between a Passengei
Train and a Light Engine Neai
Black Mountain-Several Othei
Trainmen Hurt, but Passangers Es
cape Injury-Alleged That Failurf
to Obey Orders Caused the Acci
Asicville. Special.-Two persons
were killed and a half dozen other
irjurcd in a head-on c-olliSion of pas
seI.ner trains between Swannan'e and
llack Mountain Sundai y afternoor
shortly after 4 o'clock. The dead are:
The injured: Fuginecer P-te.
Rouche. prhaps fatally; Engineer Dar
Keever, hurt in back; Fireman Johr
Snith. colored, bruised: Firmean Dar
Graham. bruised; Postal Clerk, W. C.
Moore,. of St atesville. hur t in back;
Iagis'e Agzent Gardner of Connelly
Springs, briised. Several passenger
were slightly bruised and shaken up
but not badly hu.
Failed to Take Siding.
The aevideit oi the Asheville dvi
siol of the Southern Railway is said
to be due to the failtre of the firsI
seetion of No. 12. eastbound, to tike
the siding at Swannanozi. Train No,
It froi the (a'st was operated in twc
S ti T he -st sectiont caie in
about 2 o'c loek. ic secoiid section
was reported ra-ming two hours a1(
finrty miiniltes late. Second sectior
No. 31 had the right of way firom
Black 31inIta in to Asheville. The
first section of N.). 12, a light eng ine,
b-ound for Salisbury and carrying a
crew of' Engineer Rotetlie. Conductor
liough. Brakeman Simpson and Fire.
man John Smith. reached Swannanoa
a few minutes after 4 o'clock. The
engine should have gone into sidinp
at this point. The second section.OL
No. 11 was at Back Mountain ou
time. Engineer Dan Keever had the
right of way and supposedly a clear
track. He pulled out for Swanuonoa
about the same time. Between Swan
ntouoa and Black Mountain there are
no stops. It a distance of perhaps ter
miles. Both engineers were ruinnn
at full speed and the trains were pro
bably making 35 to 40 miles an honr.
A t a point nearly midway between
the stations they collided.
Crash was Fearful.
TIhie crash and the jar is dlescribedi
by the passengers as fearful. Both
engineers jumped. The firemen also
.iumped. Conductor Hough and
Brakeman Simpson remained on t he
engine. Thtey wrere both scalded t.
dealth. Engineer Rouanche is badly
hurt. Bo th his legs are broken. the
left below the kntee. the right above.
The bone of the right Ieg p~rotrudedl
andl penetrated the g'rains. Hie is in
Biltmore Hospital and little hope is
cutertained for his recovery. The
light engine, running as first No. 12. is
almost a total wreck. The engine of
the passenger carnryingt coaches and
the sleepern is also badly damaged. It
was thrown cross-wise the track. Con
aiderable track damnane was done.
Death of John A. McCall.
New York. Special---Jiohn A. Me
Call, until recently preidenL1(t 1of the
New York Line Inisuranice Comupany,
died at 5.:85 o'loCk Sundar a fer-.
noon. at the La nre' [louse. in La ke
wood. N. .f.. where he had ibeen takei
three wveeks an.o in the hopue thatr the
chng mi'ht hecuelit his heaIt h. whiell
had suffered a breakdown two mothls
a:;o. Then 3ir. 3Met all 's son, Job)ll
C. 3MeCall. bre fly anntlonned: "Th
eind has come. My father has passed
Sensational Tragedy in Houston.
Houston, Tex., Specia.-A sensa
tional tragedy was enacted at thi
Comfort House here when Jlame:
Hardeastle, a prominent oil man o
Humble, Tex.. shot anid killed J. B
Hiuber, one of his employes. Hard
eastle, it is alleged. found his wife
whom he had forbidden seeing Huber
int the room of the latter at the hotel
'A ile H-ardeastle was in the roof
fiuber entered and Hardeastle shot
him, death resultiang almost instantly.
Will Stand Firm For Bight Hours.
New York. Special.-John Mitchel
and his associates on the anzthraeite
mincrs sub-commit tee finished theii
;work of preparing proposals for at
agreement and will probably meel
with the coal operators' sub-,commit
tee Tuesday or Wednesday. It i:
practically certain that th miners wsil:
niake a firm demand for the eighit
hour day for all men employed about
Hampton School Bought.
Newport News. Special. - T he
"Model School'' in Hampton wvas
purchased by prominent Catholies,
the deed being recorded in the name
of Bishop Van De Tyer. The prie
paid was $4.000'. It is intimated
that a college for Catholic womner
will be established there, with a een
erous donation from Mrs. Thomas F
DEADLY COLLEGE FIRE
Students Aroused to Find the
flames Around Them
PROPERTY LOSS WAS SEVERE
Fire at Gambier. 0., Destroys Five
Buildings of the Well-Known Kin
yon Institutions. College and Mili
I tary Academy Breaking out at 4
O'Clock in the Morning-Bodies of
Dead Still in Hot Ruins-Nine
Seriously Injured and Others More
or Less urt.
Gambier. 0.. Sneeial.--Three are
dead and niin seriouslt'r injured and
scveral otIer.S more or less hurt as a
rcsult of a fire at Kevon College and
Military Academy, whiel destroved
Milner hall. the military acad(miy..
Delano and North An'nex. The lire
broks out at 4 a. mi.. while the sin
dents and colhe anthlorities were
still asleep and quickly spread
through the buildings named. which
were consumed. The search foqir the
Missing boys. the bodies (: whon it
is now eertain are in the ruiis. was
kept up till late in the afternoo;n when
the walls of the burned structure fell
and at night thoir reenvery is regzarl
ed as impossible for some time. The
search dirinig the day was- impeded
by the fact that Ihe ruins were still
red hot and passing through them
was nearly impossible. The faling
valls iii the ateriooin barely miissing
Dr. Pierre. president (IL Keyon. anrid
Rieg.ents Wi:iuI and Williams. who
were leading a party ot reseinrrs
th roigi ie rin. The dead amd in
j 'red ar. Ill sthde:its of the miili
tarvw acat lenv a IIi 1od vol.
I'arelis,. si-tiers tinidlbrotilers of the
dead in red st delltitaciv on
cvery train:. Thei news of the fire
spread qu.1 ickly all over the State ani
telegrams were sent It once by the
college aithorities to parents of the
boys injured. The messages were not
inade alarmin. but even while mildly
stating the ease, aroused grave appre
hensious and the anxious fathers and
mothers have rushed to aid their
The property loss by the destrue
tion of the buildin-s is estimated to
be $100,000 with 60 per cent. insur
Following is a list of missing and
Missing believed to be dlead:
Henderson. Everett. 18, of Illinois.
Kunkle. Winfield Scott. 15. of Ash
Fuller, James .,. 18, of Warren, 0.
Barnes, Harry C., Cleveland. spine
injured and leg broken fronm jumping
four stories; may (die.
Baker, Lenox W., C'leveland. inter
rally injured: jutmped four stories.
Nicholson, .J. Underwood. Steuben
yille; terribly burned about the body;
badly bruisedl from jumping.
Thierweekster. Homer. Oak Iar
bor. 0.. badly burned about thme arms.
Bierell. A. G., Columbus. feet badly
Galwvay, F. RI. commereial master,
Adrian. 31ieh.. internally injured;
Dorsey. W. 0., Dallas. Tex., badly
bruised; jumped three stories.
Brown. Arthur. (ininntmatti. stui
*dent at old Ke'nyvou: badly e ut while
assisting in the reSeneC.
* Cemetaries Bar Out Hochm. -
Chicago. Special.--The body of JTo
hmanni- Hoch lay in thle conty morgue
at D~unning. l1i., vwhile the undertaker
who had a-iree to inter. lie corpse at
his own expense. and1 thle two ecrgyv
tmen who were on thle seaffold F"ri
(lay whien Hoch(1 was hanged, vainly
tried to find a burtial place. After
repeated efforts to secure a finail rest
ing place for the b odyv of Hoeh in one
of the cii tn'meries. thle two clergy
mten finalyv desgaired anud the body
v as in t err~ed ini lie pt ters ' field ad
juininlg thle couty poor farm at Dun
Too Young to Realize His Crime.
Pitt:sburg. ik.. Spec1ial.-AX coro
nor's jur;; acqluit tedi inie-ear-old
Harry Hatts of the dleath of his bro
th~er. 1Howard(. aged. 13 years of a-ze,
whlomi lie stabbed with aa pocket
knife a week ago, holding that the
bov was too vouing to realize the
enormilt V of his crime. The jury re
eieended. however. tat tile jnvi
nile cour t make in inlvestigtionl~i into
Ex-Speaker Henderson Dead.
Dubm. ue, Ta.. Spjecial-David 1B.
Hendersoni. fo'rmerly speaker of thme
i.ation'al Hutse of Rep)resentatimves.
d ('ed Sa turdayv afternoon at Mercyv
Hospital :f peresis, which attacked
in le mon'lth~s ago. (Col. UI inhsri he
gan to~ sinik 1riday a tterntoon, ral ied
Sat urday morn ing. hut in the afiter
noon l apIsed in to unic 'nsc ionsness andti
failed rapidly uti l time (end same. All
of his famitly e'xceplt a sonl in (alifor
riia, were at the bedside.
Miners' Strike Averted.
India napolis. Special.-In ai: stat -
menit issued to the Associated Press.
Tice President TP. L. Lewis. of the
I-nited Mine workeris of Amnerica, de
lares there will be no strike of the
munted Mine Workers in April. saying
the operators will restore the rednte
tion accepted by the miners two years
ago and n~erhmaps more.
TRUE BILLS FOUND
Congressman Blackburn In-!
licted By Federal Grandjury
ACCEPTED FEES AGAINST LAW
Fedaral Grand Jury at Asheville Re
turns Two True Bills Against Con
gressman From the Eighth Charg
ing Him With Practicing Before
Departments-Alleging That He
Received Fees of $100 and $500 for
Appearing for Dinkins and Davis,
Men Indicted for Violation of
Revenue Laws - Statute Under
Which Indictments Are Made.
Asheville. Special.---Two indict
ments were returned by the Federal
grand jury against E. Spencer Black
hurn. Republican Congressman from
the eighth distriet. charging practis
ing before Departments of the gov
ernment and acceprinz fees(' for the
service after his election to the House
The indictments allege that Black
burn appeared before the Treasury
Department and the Commissioner of
Internal Revenue, as attorney, and se
cured a compromise of the cases
against Ace Dinkins and P. A. Davis.
two men charged with violation of
the laws governing lie making of
whiskey in the fifth North Carolina
district. It is alleged that Blackburn
was paid $100 by Davis for his ser
viees and the date of acceptance of
these fees is placed in February and
The indictments arc based on see
tion 17S2. of the Revised Statues of
the United States, which says:
No Senator. Representative. or
dielegate. after his election and dur
ing continuance in oflice, shall receive
or agree to receive any compensation
The indictment of Congressnan
Blackburn is the sensation o1: the day
The bills were sent before tie grand
jury by District Attorney Holton.
The bills were drawn by District
Attorney Holton. They niust have
been drawn some time ago, at least
before Mr. Holton came here.
It is said that the indictment of
Congressman Blackburn will result in
a trial similar to that of Senator
Burton, of Kansas. A number of peo
ple who had an inkling of what the'
grand jury was about to do talked
freely of the matter. Sone are of
the opinion that the thing looks
squally for Mr. Blackburn; that the
matter is serious and that he has
a hard fight before him. Others who
ave expressed themselves on the
subject, ini some instances friends
f Mr. Blackburn, say that the in
detments will not amount to much.
They charge that personal feeling has
ntered largely into the matter and
that, withal, polities is playing no
small figure in the whole affair.
The Divorce Congress.
Washington. Special.-The con
ress on uniform divorce laws for
he several States and Territories ex
pressed itself in favor of all hearings
and trials in divorce cases in open
curt. It was declared that such pub
ie hearings would have a tendency to
o away with collusions between par
tes to the suit for divorce and that
ublicity would teiid to decrease ap
lications for divorce by people who
ould shun such publicity. Other
esolttions adopted follow: "If con
ition of a crime be made a cause
for divorce it should be required that
uch conviction should be followed by
wo year's continuous imporisoumfenit
a decree should not be granted a vin
cuo for insanity arising after mar
riage; desertion should not be a
ause for divorce unless persisted in
for at least two years: a divorce
hould not be granted unless the de
fendant has been given full and fair
pportunity by notice brought home
o him to have his day in court wvhen
is residence is known or can be as
ertained: any one named as co-res
pondent should in all cases be given
an opportunity to intervene.''
Business Man a Suicide.
St. Louis, Special.--R. Avery. tras
rer of the Avery Manufacturing
Company, of Peroria. Ill.. committed
sicide at East St. Lotuis by drown
ing. He left \a note of farewell ad
dressed to his wife. He arrived at
L'entreville, a suburb of East St.
Louis. on a iiorth-bound Illinois Cen
tral passenger train. The body was
found lying on the edge of a little
lake near the railroad station. His
head was under water. Identity was
stabished by pap~ers in his pocket.
among which was a note addressed
to his wife, telling her he had taken
his own~ life.
Killed While Asleep.
Roanoke, Va.. Special.-The coro
ner's jury itn the case of former
Sheriff John B. Traynhiam, who was
found murdered in is bed, returned
a verdict that Traynham came to
his death from blows on the head and
neck made by a blunt and a sharp
i.strument in the hands of a party
or parties unknown to the jury.
Travham's skull was crushed and
the head almost severed. The police
have made no arrests.
White Man Arested as Accessory to
Nashville, Tenn., Special.-A dis
patch from Andalusia, Ala.. sas that
a white man named Cox has been
arrested on susp~icion of being en ac
essory to the assault of Mrs. JT. L.
Bray at that place for which the nie
:ro Pedigree was shot to death by a
posse. ('ox was arrested at Geor
fAVORS LOCK CANAL
President Gives Reasons for
WILL MEAN MUCH TIME SAVED
In Formally Transmi-tting to Con
gress Concrsions of Board of Con
slting En eers on Panama Canal
the President Sides With Minority
of Board Against Sea-Level Plan
Declares That the Foreign Members
of the Board Were Not Familiar
With Lessons Taught by Soo Canal
-Half Time and Half Cost Decis
Washington. SpeelI. - President
Roosevelt transmitted to Congress the
report of the board of consulting en
gineers on the Panama Canal, togeth
er with the letter of Secretary Taft,
the report of the Isthiian Canal com
mission and a letter by Chief Engi
neer Stevens. The letter of the Pres
ident says ii part:
"The Secretary of War recom
trends a lock canal. pursuant to the
recommendation of the minority of the
board of con:ulting engineers and of
the majority of the canal commission.
After careful study of the papers sub
mitted and full and exhaustive con
sideration of the whole subject, I con
cur in this recommendation.
"It will be noticed that the Ameri
can engineers on the consulting board
afndf on the commission, by a more than
two to one majority favor the lock
canal. whereas the foreizin enineers
are a unit against it. I think this is
uartlv to be exolaiued bv the fact that
tie great trafie canal ot the old world
is the Suez Canal. a sea-level canal,
whereas the sreat traffic canal of the
r.ew world is the Sault Ste. Marie
Canal, a lock canal. Although the
latter, the Son. is closed to naviga
tion during the winter months, it car
ries annually three times the traffic
of the Suez Canal. In my judgment,
the very able argument of the majori
ty of the board of consulting engi
neers is visiated by their failure to
pay proper heed to the lessons taught
by the construction and operation of
the Soo Canal. I call special atten
tion to the fact that the chief engi
[leer, who will be mainly responsible
for the success of this mighty engi
neering feat, and who has therefore a
peculdr interest in judging aright, is
enphatically and earnestly in favor
of the lock canal project and against
the sea-level project.
Spring Trade Expanding
New York, Special.-Spring trade
in dry -goods, clothing, shoes and mil
linery continues to show expansion,
iespite the presence of winter condi
Lions Interruption from this source,
in fact has been less than anticipat
ad and shipments of goods on old or
lers .and preparations for house trade
it leading centers go on unchecked.
Rtetail trade has been appreciably.
telped by the weather, but consider
able stocks will unquestionably be
yarried over. The effect of this car
ry-over on next fall and winter de
nands remains to be seen Other de
relopments have been generally fav
yrable. Concessions in pig iron prices
iave brought out some new business
IWest and South. Collections are fair
:o good except in the South, where
tolding of cotton is a drawback as
~or some time past.
Business failures for the week num
:ier 204, against 243 in 1905.
Bridal Trip South.
Washington, Special.--Mr. and Mrs.
Kicholas Longworth started Monday
mn a bridal tour South. They will
to to the West Indies before return
Washington. Special.-The Tillmnan
joint resolution directing an inqiuiry
into the Pennsylvania Railroad and
its control of the coal fields wa~s brief
ly considered by the House Committee
:.n Inter-State and Foreign Commerce
md referred to the sub-committee con
sisting of Representativcs Hepburn,
Republican-, Townsend, Republican;
and Adamson, Democrat. The sub
committee was directed to report to
the full committee when definite ae
gon is expected to be taken.
Charter For $1,500,000 Mill.
Chattanooga. Tenn.. Special.-A
charter was filed here for the incor
poration of the Wachovia Mills, to
manufacture cotton fabrics. The cap
ital stock is to be i1,500,000 of which
91,000.000 is common and .9500.000 is
preferred. The names attached are
those .:-f Chattanoogans, but Eastern
capital is supposed to be back of the
France's New President.
Paris. By Cable.-Clement Armiand
Fallieres assumed the duties of Pres
ident of France, while former Presi
dent Loubet paIssed into private life.
The cerem'onyv of the transmission of
ofiee took place in the Elysee Palace
at 4 o'eloek Saturday. wvhile the
crowds that were massed in the sur
rounding streets shouted. "Long lire
the President.'' and "Long live Fl
lieres"' and every military carison
in France teindered a salute of 21
The subcommittee of the United
MIine Workets appointed to draw up
the precise demiands of the employees
fori submission to a similar committee
from the operators in New York is
not expected to complete its work for
A bill introduced in the Virginia
Senate provides a jail penalty for
bookmakers, pool-room keepers and
~ambiare on hosbarces neraally.