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LABOR BEING SCARCE
Yonr best help is in
Some one to pump water to your barn
It's a Gasoline Engiue.
If you want to runilight machinery
It's a Gasoline Engine.
If you want to saw wood
It's a Gasoline Engine.
Make known your wants and we will~do the rest.
W. 0. McKEOWN & SONS,
Cornwell, S. C.
A carload of
HORSES AND MULES
extra good stock.
Will be sold at close prices.
Call before buying. It
will pay you.
W R DOTY &CO.
FULL STOCK OF
Buist's Garden Seeds
Red Bliss Triumph Potatoes
Best varieties for this country.
labbage Plants in season.
R Y. TURNER.
FOR PRICE ANDQQUALITY
iT WILL PAY YOU T'/ COME TO
SEE US WHEN IN NEED OF
A LARGE STOCK OF THE VERY
BEST KINDS NOW ON HANDS.
GREGORY=CONDER MULE~ CO.,
1117 Plain Street. COLUMBIA, S. C.
COTTON GINNERS AND MACHINERY OWNERS
Write for prices on the following
Drill Guge Co.k5 Oil Ci p Belt, uber lIrill I re .s
e ak Saws Oil Cans Blt Leather Ejeoors n mers
Lace Lesther Packing all kid, Shafting Colars for shafting and anythin
_Columbia Supply Co, - - - - Columbia, S. C
"CUT IT OUT"
gasthe doctor to many of his lady patients, because he doesn't
kno of any medicinal treatinent that wi~ll positively cur-e womb or
disian troubles, except the surgeoni's knife.
Tha h~c a mdidine exherhas been proveby the
Woman's Relief *
Itve the lives of thousands of weak, sick women, and
has lsof others~fr'om a melancholy lifeime of
It will cure you, if you will only give it a cha'nce.
~e7drug store in $1.00 bottles. Try-it.
WREZ US A LETTER GAVE UP SUPPoRTR
fEmm ' a frankly, in strkctest confi- " oeaspotrfryas o
dace telling Us all your troubls. tigdw eoei~rtsMs .
We will send FreeAdvice (in plain, - htmz~tanvie .."sf
Sealed enlope). Address: ,Ladies' frdutl ieyadcudhrl
. Avior Det. Te Catanog walk. After taking Cardul I gave up _
Mvtsry ept. Th Chatanoga my suporter and, can now be on my
THE COTTON GIN.
The Story of its Invention Retold
Mr. Whitney's Invention Called
into Question--flr. Kincaid the
(The Columbia State, Feb. 3.)
I see in the papers that whole
days are taken to teach the chil
dren about Eli Whitney, the fore
most inventor of the age, but
nothing said about how he pil
fered the invention from a South
Carolinian. I was born and
raised in the same neighborhood, I
and my father was, too, with this I
South Carolinian. The history
I'm writing is true; I have heard
my father tell it over and often,
and other old men in the neigh
Eli Whitney came from West
.boro, Mass, the last of the eight
eenth century and put up a cabi
net shop near Agusta, Ga. He
dammed up a branch and turned
his latbes by water; he was a
mechanic himself ard. employed
others to turn bed post and table
legs for his furniture.
This South Carolinian that
made the first gin was named
Kincaid, also a mechanic. Mr.
Kincaid owned a large tract of
land on Little river in the south
western part of Fairfield county,
with Mill creek running through
it. On this creek he built a mill,
in fact he put the only grist mill
that was then in the county. He
was a fine wheelwright.
Back in that time, before rail
roads, the farmers in that neigh
borhood would go at least once a
year to Agusta and Hamburg in
wagons for sugar, coffee, salt and
iron. On one of Mr. Kincaid's
trips he met on the streets of
Agusta a Scotchman, a fellow
countryman, and asked him to
come home with him in the wagon;
which he did, and worked with
Mr. Kincaid for several years.
This Scotchman (Ihave forgotten
his name) was one of Eli Whit
ney's workman in his shop on the
branch. This man helped Mr.
Kincaid in all of his mechanical
work in his mill on the plantation,
and mill work in the country. Mr.
Kincaid had hundreds of sheep.
His pasture was infestd with
cockleburrs. To finger-pice this
quantity of wool or even enough
for home use, was a big job. So
Mr. Kincaid with the aid of this
Whitney man made him a gin to
get the burrs out of the wool--ran
it by water in his mill house. He
made improvements on it for two
or three years; fin-A1ly it cleaned
the wool f-rom the ~'okleburra
satisfactorily. All the e ighbors
far and near brought the wool to
Mr. Kincaid's mill to be cleaned,
fn those days every farmer had
a flock of .sheep. Mr. Kincaid
had run cottonL through his gin
enough for his own use and some
for his neighbors.
In the meantime Mr. Kincaid
made trips to Agusta and this
workman would go with him to
visit his friends and kinsmen at
Eli Whitney's shop. Not thinking
what harm he was doing Mr. Kin
caid, he told it in Whitney's shop
what he and Mr. Kincaid had
done ginning the burrs out of
wool. Eli Whitney--smart, Yan
kee-like-heard of it by these
visits. One morning a nice look
ing man, riding a splended horse,
rode up to Mr. Kincaid's house
Mr. Kincaid was not at home.
This man asked Mrs. Kincaid if
he could look at that wool ma
chine. She said, yes; that she
woull get him the mill key. Mrs.
Kineaid said ho was in the mill
about three or four hours. No
bedy knew who this man was at
In a short time Eli Whitney,
got a patent on a cotton gin. The
whole thing was plain then-Eli
Whitney rode horseback from
Agusta to Mr. Kincaid's and took
a diagram of that wool gin and
ijeat Mr. Kit caid out of the cot
t u gin. Sh-i man burned this'
.11 - ouse in Febrnary, 1865.
Eli Whitnpy mabe his gin and
turned it bk water, exactly as Mr
Kincaid hatO, hs on this branchL
nig '.ta. Ga. Mr. Kincaid:
wa a gei irts; h a. t -rraced gi rden,
''ui t on a hi l si !le, and the
baldine:s e n his place attest that
t> this dlay. TFhe only male
descenlant of Mr. Kincaid that I
know of was Capt. Thomas An
derson, a great-grand-son, who
died near Columbia last summer,
a c.pjaratively poor man when:
beadhis children ought to~
hve been worth the Whitney
millioiis nc .v in the north.
Oscar F. Chappell.
B3ookmans, S. C.
Common Colds are the Gause of Many,
Physicians who have gained a na
tional reputation as analysist of the
acause of vaius diseases, claim that if
catching cold1 could be avoidled a long
list of dangerous ailments would niever
be heard of. Every one knows that
pneumonia and consum ption originate]
fronm a cold, and chronic catarrh, bron
chitis. and all throat and lung trouble
are aggrevatedl and rendered more se
rious by each fresh attack. Do not 1
rfisk your life or t ake chances when you<
have a cold. Chamberlain's Cough
Remedy will cure it before these dis
eases develop. Thi~s remedy containsf
no opiumn, morphine or other harmful
drug and has thirty years of reputationri
back of it, znined by its cures under
every condition. For sale by Obear
Drgmo-., nad all med icine a nlers. (
THE FLYING FROG.
A Four Winged Reptile That Inhab
its Tropical Africa.
The curiosity of tropical Africa is the
wonderful flying frog, first described
by Bishoff of the equatori.1 African
expedition, which returned t: Europe
in the fall of 1894. This oddity of the
reptile family is about the size of a
eommon bullfrog and resembles other
members of the order of batrachians
In everything but its feet. each of
which is webbed and -enormously en
larged, sogmuch so as to forr. splendid
substittites for true wings. The crea
ture has five toes on each of the other
two, which makes four separate mem- <
branes on each if his hind feet and t
three on each fore root, or fourteen in
all. In his description of It Bishoff I
says, "Each leg terminates in a sort of
fan, and with these the little reptile
paddles the air like a locust or like a
partially fledged birdatesting its pin- t
ons for the first time."
Although somewhat awkward in it,
flight, the winged frog can dart through
the air at a speed of about ten yards
per second and can keep itself going
forward at tha~t rate for from ten to
fifteen seconds. ,The average distance
covered by these spurts of grasshopper
like flight is from 75 to 125 vards, but
Bishoff mentions instances where the.
flying frog cleared sandy. stratches 200
yards in width.
A PAIR OF RUBBERS.
Wear Theem During Thunderstorms
if You Fear Lightning.
The one thing which a woman most
dreads-barring, of course, a mouse V
and being o'ut'ef style-is a thunder
shower. Many most estimable wo
men of character and' force who can
lead great crusades and revolutionize
society go all to. pieces- a a clap of
thund'er, and a good man men, too,
for -that matter.
It is not agreeable to be struck by
lightning. Nor Is *it at all necessary.
There is a sure preventive-as sure as,
it is simple, inexpensive and- alwags
accessible-a pair of rubbers.. If.a wo
man will simply put oi a pair of rub
bers when the lightning begins to flash
and the thunder to roar and will stand
on the floor so that she touches noth
ing else she will be as sife as if she
were sealed in a glass cage.
Rubber is a nonconductor of elec
tricity, and if the lightning has to go
through a sheet of rubber to get at you
it will leave you alone and take some
thing else. In other words, when you
have on a pair of rubbers and are not
in contact with anything you are per
This is not a lheory merely. It is a
fact proved by innumerable expeal
ences. A rulbes hAs saved
-many a i.a thaenermr.
THE HOMIER OF% PGRTUGAL.
Camoens,,the Gifted and Unfortunate
Author of "The Luslad.'"
"The Luslad" Is one of the noblest
records ever written of national glory
and success. Camoens, Its gif::ed au
thor, determined to do for Portugal
what Homer had done for Greece. The
great poem was written in the six
teenth century, which has-been called
the heroic age of -Portugal, and Its -
main feature is the rot ding of the
Cape of Good Hope by Vasoo da Gama,
wlsile a most interesting episode is the
crowning after dd'ath of* Inez de Cas
tro as queen of Portugal. "The Lu
siad" took its name from Lusitrs, whoI
was said to hat~e founded Lisbon.
Its author was born tbout 1520, and
his career, which began brilliantly,'was|
blighted by the diath of a broken heart
of the lhdy of dis love, for whose sake
he was banished from the ,land. He
wrote "T11e Lusiad" in his banish
men't and was''recalled In 1571, lsing
on the way all his property exce'pt
his poem. Pensioned at first by the
king, this great ehe poet of Portugal
died In great poverty in 1570, when his
patron was also dead.
On the English coast, at La'ad's End,
there stands a curiously formed bowl
der with a profile resembling that of
a human face. It'is supposed that once
the rocky h'eld, was'held pret.dly erect
and could look out over the blue sea,
but during some period of disturbance
the huge bowider.wias throwd'forward,
so -that now the forehead of the man
rests against a neighboring1 rock. All
these rugged and massive pieces bor
derin~g the coast are fine granite. 1o
cally,the curious bowlder Is imnown as
A Little Exaggerateti.
The- witty George Canning, illustrat
ing the Ilbernlan tendency when ex
cited to hurry beyond the limits of
good sense, tells this'anecdote:
,An Irish divine, preaching against
'the vice of swearing and denouncing
its prevalence in aL certain town, said
in the height of declamation:
"Even the little chil'drenr that can
neither speak nor walk run about the
Her Coarse Langh.
George-You are not calling on Miss
Rosebud any more, eh? Jack-No; I
got disgusted. She has such a coarse
laugh George-I never noticed that.
,ack--You would if you'd been within
hearrig whenl I proposed to her,-New
Prospeefive Gues-'-Do you set a good
table iiere? Hotel Clernk-Well, rather.
Why, folks comie here.perfectJy healthy
and go away with the gout and dys
"I dregm my stoi-ies," said Hlicks, the
"How you .ust dread going to bed!"
exclaL~ed ( -cus.
A HlabI to Be Encouraged.
The mothe who has acquired the
2abit of keeping on hand a bottle of
Thaberlai n's Cou gh Remedy, saves
erself a great amount of vneasiness
md anxiety. Coughs, colds and croup.
.o which children are susceptible are,
uickly cured by its use. It counter
Lets iny tendeucy of a cold to result in
neumonia, and if given as soon as the
ist syrnptoms of croup appear, it will
revent the attack. Tni~s remedy con- -
ius rnothing injurious and mothe!rs
ive it to little ones with ai feein~ir ol 'j
4erfet security. Sold by Ob--ar Dr-ug '~
4otice of Opening of Books!
of Subscription to the
Capital Stock of Cataw
ba Valley Railway.
Notice is hereby given that on Mon
lay, the 2nd 1y of April. 1us, at 10
'clock, A. M.. at ihe olivies of Glenn
.McFiadden, in th (itv of ('hestor.
ounty of CheSt(, State (f :Subltli
ajroliina, the undersigned, 1(ursuant t)
coiiim ion iue i-isud b, then by .1. T.
rantt, Secretarv of State, will open
ooks of -ubs(riltion to h v:jial
tock of Catawba Valiley l ailw'v a
orporation to be orgi4 n ized pursuant
o the Statutes of the State, in such
ases made and provided. The capitLl
tock of said propoed lporation will
Ie Folr Iunired Thl1ou:itaina Dollars,
ivided into four thousAand hiar.t of
he par valti of One Hundred Dallars
ah: and notice is hereby -ive n that
he riht to condemn lands for all rail
oad purposes lia been peI t ioned for
>y the aforesaid cornorator,; in tlwir
)eelaration and Petition, lik:d with
he Secretary of State.
.J . L . lN N,
J. A. PIU ID E.
Board ot Corporator.
Chester. S. C., February :.. 106.
To the head of every faiy w ho is
Lnbitious for the future and ediueation
)f his children, we have a Special
roposition to make.
No article in the house shows the
,vidence of culture that does a Piano
>r Organ. -No accomplishmuent gives
Ls much pleasure or is of as great. value
n after life as the knowledge of music
mld the ability to play well.
Our Small Pamvient Plai makes the
)\vnership of a High C role Piano or
Just a few dollars down and a small
>aynent each nionth or quarterly or
Cmi-annuallv and the I ustrumienut is
Write us to-day for cataloague and
>ur Special Proposition of Easy Pay
Columbia, S. C.
Letters of Administration
state of South Carolina, 1
County of Fairfield. J
By D A. Broom, Esq., Probate Judge:
Whereas, Johi W. Lyles, C. C. P.,
ath made suit to ne to grant him
etters of administration of the estate
tnd effects of .John Hiollins, dieoeaseud:
These are, therefore, to cite and ad
nonish all and singular the~ kindred
mnd creditors of the said John
Elollins. deceased, that they be and
ippear before me, in the (oturt of Pro
>ate, to be held at FairkIeld Court
R-ouse, South Carolina, on the Sch
lay of March next, after pubolien
:ion hereof, at 11 o'clock in the fore
loon, to show cause, if any they huav2,
why the said administration should
iot be granted.
Giveni under my hand, this 2:3rd day
>f January, A. D. 190;.
D). A, BROOM,
1-24-6t Judge of Probate.
Th1, "203 C'TTON? 2ZSS.l
SIMLEM.T STRONtGEST. RPT
Twz Moas't.Y CiniNo rvs-r:
Reward will b-e paid to any
person who can fi:9d one atom
of opium, chloral, mor-phine,
cocaine, ether or chloroform
in any form in any of Dr.
This rewar-d is offered because
certain *unscrupulous persons
make false statements about
these remedies It is under
stood that this reward applies
only to goodis purchased in the
open market, which have not
been tam pered w~vith in any way.
Dr-. Miles' remiedies cure by
Aeui sooi ing, .nearishing,
strangtheing and invigorat
ing~ ef|Fects upon the nerous
system, and not hy par~lyzing
an~d weakening the nerves as
would be thie case if these drugs
For this reason Dr. Miles'
Anti-Pain Pills are universally
considered the best pain remedy
"I ha-ve suffere~d for 25 years with
severe pains in my head. he art and
back, and have tri]l cveryt:iig I
could get and cer:ld at find .::y relief
t1mfil I got a box'of Dr. Miiles' Anti
Pai'n Pills. I efercd as 1long as 12
hours at a tidis withi sualh severo
psains t!:at I fU:ore'd I wr:;1d lo-"m my
mingI. 'The A:ati-I'ais Fi!ls gave me
relief in from 10 to 2) minatuk. I do
not have to ume 3Irp'hine any more.
othersuferer ~lnay find relief."
R. F. TP. No. 6. Salem. Indl.
Dr. Miles' Arti-Pain Por's are sold by
your druggist. v.it o ! urante that
the *'rst package w.'ll benefit. If it
fails hewill return your mo'ney.
25 ci'ses. 25 cens Nevr sold in bulk.
Miles Medical Co., E~dart, bnid
mEO ALLXTTr 0 - R~
I have I
to get ho
s it thep
From the Best Tested Seeds.
Now ready for shipment, large,
strong, healthy, th-se plants are
grown in the open air and will
stand severe freeze without in
.jury. Early Jersey Wakefield,
Large Type or Charleston Wake
field, which are the best known
varieties of early cabbages, also
Henderson's Succession, the best
large, late and sure header, Au
gusta Early Trucker, also a fine
type of late variety. Neatly
packed in light baskets. $1.50
per thousand; for five thousand
or over,$ 1.25 per thousand, f. o. b.
Special prices made on large
lots. CHAS. M. GIBSON,
Youngs Island, S. C.
J, Wilson Gibbes
1412 Main St., Columbia, S. C.
South Carolina Agent
best writing machine at any price.
CHICAGO TYPEWRITFR-T h e
best for the price-$35 and $.50.
AL L MAKES-Rented, Exchanged,
Bought. Repairing on the premises by
RUBBER STAMP F'ACTORY -
Stamps made every day on the prem
ises. Stencil Plates, Dlaters, Number
ing Machines, CJiheck Punches of al)
OFFICE SUPPLIES AND FUR
NITURE--Everythin g from a Per
Point to a Roll Top Dek Sectionaj
Filing Cases, Bookcases a,nd (;ard In.
dlexes a specialty. 10-18.
WILL BE CONTINUED 1 3
the future the same es in the pasI
in the old establishment in all iti
departments with a full stock o1
Caskets, Burial Cases and Coffins
constantly on hand, and use o:
hearse when requested.
Thankful for past patronage
and solicitous for a share in the
future, in the old stand.
Calls attended to at all hours.
TII EbIGTT GIN SHOP.
J. M. ELLIOTT & CO.
DR. A. L. OTT,
Ridgeway, S. C
Crowni and Bridge WVork a spceialty.
ARE HIEADQUJARTERS F~OR
- Write focr rices and etalogue.y
bt t :.cZs of
The mptrmet Co,
s now the bu t equippe be- co
Our graduates are in d!emland.
Te.rms~ the most re:sona!.le.
THE M.A t FEAT ITSINElSS
Id of thi~s
f you are looking for
a Wedding Present, just
come to our store and let
us show you one of the
most select stocks in this
State. We have just
opened a new lot of Cut
Glass, which cannot be
surpassed in quality and
price. Ice cream sets,
pitchers, bowls, and many
smaller pieces. We are
quite sure we can please
you in this line.
Also a handsome line of
Silver Goods in cases.
From the smallest salt
spoons to chests of silver.
Patterns and designs are
the latest out. Prices are
We have, as usual, a
most select line of Hand
Painted China. You should
not fail to see it before
buying elsewhere. Any
Bride would be satisfied
with one of our hand
somely decorated pieces.
We want you to come in
and see our stock. Re
member our name on the
box is the sign of goodness.
P. II. LAcRICOTTE & CO.,
1424 Main St. Columbia, S. 0.
:FOR ALL PURPOSES SHIPPED
Roses.................$:2.00 per dozen
Lily of Valley....$1.00 to $1.50 per dozen
Aster............5c. to 75c. per dozen
IBouquets, Baskets or Boxes of
pretty M1ixed Flowers.....$1.50 up
We make a specialty of
Fine Weddingj Work.
Write us when youiwish anything in
BULBS OR SEEDS.
ROSE HuI GREENROUSES
COLUMBIA, S. C.
For sale by flcfaster co.,
"The Old Reliable"
Mutual Benefit Life In
ORGANIZED IN 184;.
STRICTLY MUTUAL. NO STOCK~
INSURANCE FURNISHED AT
Mail this ('ardi filel in and full in,
formnation will be subniittsd
I was born on the.. .day of. I.........
A d Iress............................ .
Quote rates on 5..............imsurance.
WV. D. DAVIS,
Long Run,. C. S
J. D. McM/EEKIN,
WINN5ROR~O, S. c.