Newspaper Page Text
The Legislative r
.Be It Enacted".'
By James H. Eckels.
000#090"- .. WMAKERS no longer rest content in the discharge of the
* 4++++++0 legitimate functions of providing for the Reeping of peace
and order in the country and the manifold acts pertaining
* thereto: in making provision for the collection of revenues
0 : for government expenses and the 0 bursing of the same;
. i sustaining the public credit and in maintaining the na
*.......**+ tion's dignity at home and abroad. They have reduced these
006 060 things from that of the fundamental principle of our system
to tile mere Incident of legislative life and entered upon thie
more hazardous and seemingly more inviting field of enacting
a multiplicity of so called business statutes and the cre
ation of innunerable commissions having nothing whatever to do
with peace a.ld good order. revenues and expenses. public credit or national
prestige. Then are statutes which make municipal, state and national gov
ernment a potential partner in almost every man's business undertaking
without having therein a dollar of investment and not infrequently ill-aditisted
and wholly incompetent commissions the directing agency.
I am not unmindful that in a period of great excitement and open abuses.
where unrest :s everywhere manifest, there are more demands for relorms
through legislative action than during periods of extreme quiet. I take it tha,
no one will dispute the fact that we are in such a period now. There is un
derneath all of this undoubtedly much of justification. But even such justifi
cation only makes more essential the exercise of wisdom and prudence and
Nothing can he gained for good government or more widespread honesty
on the part of those who have to do with great undertakings by an indiscrini
inate denunciation of success wherever found or wealth however acquired.
When all success is placed in the attitude of being a crime and all acquire
ment of wealth denounced as criminal the evil wrought by such a course is
worse than that done through criminal acquirement of wealth and criminal
abuse of it.
The American peo.ple cannot afford to have it believed that here is lacking
that fine sense of justice which fails to take account and give reward to suc
cess honestly achieved and wealth honestly acquired. it cannot afford to be
led by mountebanks. nor yield sway to business or political blackmailing. for
when it does. not only will the world of business lose character and caste. but
legislative bodies w.ill be a still more prolific souice of harm and dishonesty
Menace of Child Labor
By Dr. Fel'Tx Adler, of Columbia
.4 University. e..w meins
e0"G *9 HE real menace of child labor comes from the moral obli
quity of a great era of prosperity. \ hat we have to fear
in the dangers of childhood is just what we have to tear
from the dangers .of our national life that have been re
L vealed in the reckless and thoughtless actions of those en
- gaged in the administration of trust fuands in our life insur
The one general cause running through the political de
bauchery of this industrial age. the moral debauchery due
to misuse of wealth and position, is the same as that which produces the phy
sical debauchery incident to the exploitation of the child.
The emancipation of childhood front economic servitude is a social reform
of the first magnitude. If it comes to be an understood thing that a certain
sacredness "doth hedge around" a child, that a child is industrially tabooed,
that to violate its rights is to touch profanely a holy thing, that it has a soul
which must not be blighted for the prospect of mere gain, if this be generally
conceded with regard to the child, the same essential reasoning will be found
to apply also to the adult workers: they, too, will not be looked upon as mere
commodities, as mere instruments for the accumulation of riches.
I have great hopes for the adjustment of our labor difficulties on a higher
plane, if only we can gain the initial victory of inculcating regard for the high
er human nature that is present potentially in the child.
The IKind of Men
L. Aeeded in Porto Rico
&e By Charles W. Tyler. *M*
___________E dlinicuilty of getting the right kind of men does not ex
plain the bad appointments to Porto Rico. The president's
advisers seem to have confined their search too much to pad
3flft (ocks reserved f'or spavined and broken-winded politicians.
131 And it is not encouraging to note that the character of ap
lvi pointnments has not improved with time. The heads of de
liartment who have done the best work and who have left
the best personal imipressions behind them were among
those who were aippointed with the beginning of civil gov
It is the belief of Americans of long residence here who have seen with
sorrow and humiliation so' many of the appointments that have been made,
that the only wvay otut of the difficulty will be by the extension of civil service
methods to include otir entire depar'tmental machinery here. There mtust be
some new source of supply created. A civil service system that linkd insular
service of this sor't with the diplomatic service and thus offered the prospect
of a career for a young man of intelligence arad character in a way analogous
to the army and navy service, is the path most frequently pointed to as the
one that is going to lead us out of our present bogs. And here in the Porto
Rican government it is urged that this same civil-service road to the depart
mental officer be thrown as wide open to Porto-Ricans as it is to Americans,
the ideal end, of course, being the day when Porto-Ricans, thtus Qualified by
education, training, and experience, ar'e able to take over the full admmiistra
tion of their jsland's affairs.-Harper's Weekly.
?- A ANote of *~3
&)Warning to the ANation
By James J. Hill, President of the Great
- HE nation at large is prosperous. We are cutting a wide
I~w~Isw ath, there is no doubt of that. If we get down, however,
T to a closer examination we will readily see that the nation
is living profligately.
WXe are selling otut our natuiral resources-exploiting
them as fast as we can, without building tip industries and
tirade relations to take their place when exhausted.
1~J It is only a question of time till our timber is exhatusted.
Our public domain is all gone. and the nation cannot longer
boast that it has homes for all. Where are the immigrants rushing to our
shoifes to end tup? Not on the land. We have nio more to offer them. They
must crowd into the cities.
W\hen this nation has one hundred and fifty million people. they will have
to do something else than exploit natural resources to earn a livmng.
We will eventually have to meet the commercial competition England1 is
meetinig loday. andl hav'e to face such problems as she is faciag with 1,500r.000
unemployed crying for bread. with no bread to feed them save as charity doles
it out to them.
C odore E. C2. Benedict at a Thauo bienus'ywlprb
''".e. et Waterbury, Conn., said: If byhv ebakf'mrcls
this country was administered Olovn pouto fcha n Umd
buisinless pr-inciples without regard to aie.htheonerntlo
polities we wotuld soon own or control ~ilfK i h oeusudiau
everything in the world that is worth fct:cs a fadcddyt~pr
owning or controlling. and~ that with- r:ca'e : ilb n ati h
out firing anything but a commercialnaroftemci.Vrylkl
shot. The coutiriy suffers vastly more teueo tfrpesr ills t
from the acts of its lawmakers than zs.cniusClirsWelbt
the acts of its lawbreakers in im-Itecnmcvueito l-ea'
peding commerce, in disgriminating ls-dt aepsil n esnn
in txatonandin ucivlizd th'ofvteplace tinf ha an ill-mae
marchoof fenmachine.rary likel
MANY DIE IN MINt
1,219 Lives Snuffed Out By a
ALL FRANCE IN DEEP MOURNING
Terrible Explosion in Great Coal Pits
Near Belgian Frontier Floods the
Shafts and Gallieries With Poison
cus Vapors. While it Also Disables
the Cagcs and Iaddcrs, Making
Only Liraited Rescue Work Possible
-Gas Still Pouring Into One Pit.
Pars, syCabe.-A iSpatch~ from
L11 1 iml 1:2o o*'loc: Sumdy mtorn
ed enI is now iven as 1.219 and itihat
the crowl ronid Ihe pit- totals
.\ miiinhi ctastr1ph o h lelable
gireat coal (ceter -f Nortlerii Frain(e.
An exploiion ofire-dmp at 7 o'clock
Saturday ming carried( deathl an1l
destruction! thl.roughiout the net wojrk
of coial riiiies centered ait tiurriere.,
d11(1 fire ollowed the explosioi. mak
ing rescule dlicilelt. anld ailm-ost im1
posible. The int-n1se excitenieit aniid
colifsion ill te viciniitV in-Vented
ar!l v estimate (, thI Ilie exact 1os. of
life. buut a disp. tell received luvre at
4:30 p. m., -a':e 1.404 miners entomib
ed and probibly lodst. Al 8:4) ti'clock
in lie eveiing a bietf dispatel fromi 1
Lille alouinced i the totail of 1,193
SHOCK TO ALL Flt\NCE.
All Fraice has4 been protADouinlly
shocked by% the magniiitude of the dis
aster. which i. said o ble le greatest
in the hitorv of coitniiental ininjuug.
President Fallieres sent huis secre
tary. acc(mpanietI by liuister of Ptub
lie Works Gautier and 'Minister of lie
Interior Dtiblier. Ii a spceia'l train to
the seei of the (lisaster.
The minlisterial crisis wAts (po1l)(110
rmrily flor-ottel. Senators and 1ept
ftes joining inl the universal manift-.
tations tfit sorrow.
SCENE OF THE CATASTROPE
The scene of tic eastrophe is the
mo)untainous mining region near Lenis,
in the department of 1as-de-Calias.
Here are hu(dled small hamlets of the
miie workers.. whot operate the most
productive coal mines in France. The
subterranean chiambiers from a series
o tunnels. Six of1 the outlets are near
Lens. anud others are ait t 'ouirrieres.
Vardunm. and many other points. Tihe
output of1 these muines is particutlarly
combustible and is largely used iln the
m faufacture f gas.; andl inl smelting.
Abutt 2.000 minuers work ini the groupj
of mineCs and. with their families,
make a poputlat ion of fromi h.000 to4
The catast rophe too4k place short ly
ater LTW)S men1 luad1 d(eendedl into(
the inie. Thiere was a deafening ex
plosionu. wichel was followedct by the
eages and iingiii appaatu~ite being
hu~rld from the mouthI )t' the ( )1 ourr
ers M1ine. M1en and hourses near by
outside the mine were either stutnned
or killed. The roof44 of the inie 4iie
was tori off.
Immideately followinig the explo
sion1 flames burst ftrom the mouth1 I of
the pit driving back those without
who sounght to enter anid dooinn
Latiest Georgia Homicide.
Millen.- (a.. Specal.-A shooting
affrav ocecurredl Saturday afternoon at
3 oe'lock at Scarboro. seveni miles be
low here, in which two mn were kill
ed. .1o1hn Burke and Eedl Aycock. both
white. quarreled over a mule and the
qua rrei ended in a row, each killing
the other wvithi a pistol. The men
were prominenlt in that section and
tie traigedy is deplored.
The fill ing: of the Bishopric o4f Portoi
Rico is expected to settle the 4juestion)1
as to wrhich con-gagttionl at llRme has
supvisioni oft that island.
The New York couty gr and .iury
has asked f or instruet ion as to what
it shall do relat ive to camign~.1 eom
tibtttiois by. the insuranlce .onmpameils.
T'le fore.igt agenits of the Mitual
ife Insura Ice (Companyii( are in) revolt
against thle Peabody regime.
Charles M. Schiwab) left Los Ainyeles
Cal., inl what is said to4 he a senous
condition of health.
Goveror Pennypacker. uf Pennsyi
-ania. vetoedl the resolution pro1l~ viding
roads. 4)n thle ground that tihe special
ession 441 thle Legislaturei had not
been called foi' such a (urplos.
".Judte" Andlrewc Ihnihton. theK
head of t he legisl ative haureau mani
taite byv the .lutual Life Iusuance
Compay an 111 411r li cii" t i''1
re itudI ino Europe --to ance t le
Gcrman Radical Dead.
Belin. By e ble.--Etigenel Riebter.
rditeal leader in thle eiebist ag are
its ondtlllionh. Hismark' oh ppn
et ad a long timeC eaiio of Thi Fre
i innielt Zeitunl1, died at 4 (I'(ifock
Sturlay morina. Near~ tile clo'- of
I f4 Reiebh1ter suddlyiii ret iredllu frm
The reisinigeiZ Ziet un, whtich lhe-hadl
f ounded. andl at1 theC samef time reasliea
o alpear at the Reichistaz. He was
then in feeble health and threatenedI
wit th loss of his eye-sight.
A RIOT IN ALABAMA
Bad Blood Between the Whites
and Blacks the Cause
TURPENTINE CAMP FUSILADED
Period of Muttering Against Whit'es
Ends in Night Attack on Village
of Wilmer. and Though Shooting
wa General on Both Sides. an Old
White Man Was Only Person
M uih, nl.. Special-l-if PI'v
ii a ld eir glejilit ICs left Sullfl:i '
inorin- i f II 11 . i Scenev of race l' <
at Kiiir. 26 miles wst o .\bih. oIi n
thle Mobile. .J(1cksonv\ille. 4& Kt:ias
1:lhilroNl ilitl lt'tl'ei I i'i(('!.
an 41cal ia w( I ith bemr i lt-i-iii.
ei ill I lie ;it ac ( l) n 1v ' IIs i a''s l ( i
whlersh !tso Kiflmer.. The sot
I1I1W w Is ben'glin br v'ole I :liels, a
lle'.gIo 4X-'(iViet :ld at O('le beenille
L'2il'l'Ill. The while illen. vlio wer
!!m d.jalticpated. Tile lleg o bd
had followed F. EI Prile. a:oI a ie
o. aN i .e aitoll. whiiti Pril e
lad sLot an l was bliililig 1t Wilme '
ix miles. A .1. Ellis. ani old white
mai. algedI ( Years'. empt ied Ills reVol
ver at the nIegIoes. anld jIst as he tireL-d
lle last sll(t a eTt o shot liim froill be
hilld. a load of blchsllot takin rl effect
in his back and left shoulder. anid 1
whien tlie sheriff's". pos'e left VilnieIr.
Ellis was ini a dying eoi(lition. One
of Ellises' bullets struck tile' negro
Dole ainiels ill the liead. bit he made
Iis escape. tgh a citizen'ii posse is
yving4 in wait tfor him.
A. deteri'nied atteipt was made
early Sunda mIori1,ning to lynch the
niegro lle-Pastonl. buit toolercouce
prevailed. W\hen the shici'if reacled
Wilmer sone 200 w1iite men were as
sembled there. gathered from sir
It is said that t here has been muiier
igs among' thle netgroes iln 1hle t urpeni
tii calips agaiiist the whites for the
past eiglht months. Everything was
quiet when Sheri'iff Powers and his
deputies left tile scene. though it is
possible that fresh trouble may break
out again. III that event, the whites
are better able to take care of them
Big Mill Advances Wages.
Lawrenee, Mass., Speeial.--Notices
were posted in all departments of the
extensive Pacific Cotbn Mlills here an
nouncing that on Monday, 3arch 19.
an advance in wages will be given.
The Pacific Mills, among the largest
in the world, employ nearly 6,000
operatives. The rate of the proposed
increase is not stated in the notices.
The advance will be greater in some
departments than in others, but it is
expected that it will average nearly
10 per cent. Wh len the new schedule
ones into effect. the number of mill
operatives in Lawrence who have had
their pay raised i his year will reach
Shooting in South Carolina.
Columubia. S. C.. Speial.-John
3arion Ashley. a wlhe farmer of
Honea Path was shot and p)robably
fatally wounded by Policeman White,
who was endeavoring to arrest As.h
Icy. The wounded man's relatives
and friends soon gathered and threat
ened to do violence to the officer. Fear
ing serious trouble. Governor Hey
wardl was niotified and requested to
lury troops5 to the scene. Accord
ingly the Andler comnpaniy, under comn
mandl of Lieutenant P. K. 31eCully,
Jr, as despatched to H~onea Path byv
a spec(ial train.
Wants Town Topics Excluded From
tive Bourke C'ockran.~ of Newv York. in
troduced a resolutt ion requiring t he
Postmaster General to report to the
House whether Town Topics is admit
ed to the mails and whether the gov
e'nment assists the publicat ion1 ill -'its
said occuipationi of exttingi mloney
Jamestown Exposition Commissioner.
Spartalinurg. S. C.. Special .-GCover
nor D). (N. Heywvard has named Super
intendent Frank Evanis, of t his c'ityv
schools, as a member of the State
commission of the Jamiestowno Expo
sition. to succeed .J. Wrizhit Nash. who
declinied the place because he felt thlat
he was not adapted to the work. Thle
appointmient of Prof. Evans will mee('t
with general app~roval. f'or lie is emtin
ently qualified for the task. lie was
largely instrumental in getting uip the
Spar:tanbturg c'ounty exhibit at 1 he
(Char leston Exposition. whlichi won the
first prize of $1.000.
Coast Line Increases Stock.
Richmond. Va.. Special.-The stock
holders of the Atlantic Coast Line
held a meeting and passed a resoluitioni
preared by the board of directors
autorizing the inicrease of thle stoc'k
of the egmptaniy from $50.,000.000 to
.;0.000000. A numlilber otf pr'omiinent
hinancijers fromn New York. I iIaltiore
The mee't inig lasteId not gu~lite' 15 muin
Justice Brown Re-signs.
WaOshiingt n. Special. - Pre'sidenTt
oosevlt ha acceped lihe r'esignai n
of A sso eia, e .Jlust i e 1rw of)~ the~ iC
Unitetd ST ates' Sup(rne j "ur t. J11,-i
ie Browvn tenidered i !s res5T.iation
to lie IPresident 1 n the 0nd instaint.
that bieinez his seventieth birthlday. lie
as serve'd oni thle SupremeOC Cour1t
bench a lit tle mor'e thiaii 15 year's. hav'
ing been appointed by Priesmidet Hiar
rison in 189,0. No indiction yet is
give of Jsic Brown's successor.
What is Being Done Day by Day By
the National House and Senate.
To Mark Confederate Graves.
The lonse passeil the army appro
priation lill. also the Foraker bill
providinz for the imarkinz of the
graves of Confederate dead, buried in
Dolliver Speaks for Rate Bill.
The discussion of the railroad rate
question in the Senate was continued
by Mr. Dolliver, who spoke in sup
port (f the Dolliver-lepbiini bill.
lie said that the bill was intended
ierely to supplenient the existing in
ter-State eomner('e law anid contend
ed for its validity from a constitu
tioial point of view.. preditinig that
overI]nlen!t owIIersIhip O[ the rail
roads would be forecd upon tile
country if Coigress did n1ot meet tile
present deniand for regulation..
Mr. Dolliver was not questioned
and when lie concluded the remain
der of the day w as devoted to the bill
providing for the settlement of the
affairs of the five civilized tribes of
Indians after the termination of
their tribal relations.
Mr. Dolliver in his speech said he
did not agree with either Mr. Fora
ker or Mr. Baeon that the secret prac
tices have been abandoned. He did
not believe the Elkins bill adequate
for protection against these practices.
-'The difficulty about rebates is not
in punishing voilations of the law.,
he said, "but :in discovering them
and we have undertaken to amend
the law so as to cover that defect.''
Returning to the question of ap
peals, Mr. Dolliver said that the pow
er the commission would exercise in
preventing recourse to courts was
about as great as the power of "my
freinds who are tiptoeing about this
chamber talking of the 'day in
By Unanimour Consent.
Le:islat>1i by unanimous consent
and under suspension of the rules oc
cupied the attention of the House
and resulted in th2 passage of several
bills, sonic of considerable import
anee. The adoption of a resolution
of inquiry as to whether any crimi
nal prosecutions have been begun
against individuals in the Northern
Securities Company furnished the
text for a speech of criticism by Mr.
Williams, the Democratic leader.
Brief answers were made by Mr. Jenl
kins, of Wisconsin, and Mr. Grosver
enor, of Ohio. Mr. Jenkins said that
the statute of limitations had run
against any action that might be
taken in this case and that any effort
at prosecution would be useless.
Tax Off Leaf Tobacco.
The House began its session by
passing without discussion or opposi
tion a bill for the relief of tobacco
growers by permitting them to sell
leaf tobacco without paying the tax
of 6 cents a pound heretofore charred
The balance of the day was devot
ed to tariff discussion, the Indian ap
propriation bill being the vehicle to
carry the debate. Preceding this Mr.
Sheman explained .the provision of
The tariff discussion was opened by
Mr. Rucker, of Missouri, who brought
forth arguments designed to sustain
the Democratic idea of tariff for
revenue only, and he closed with the
prediction that these ideas would pro
vail, with W. J. Bryan as the stand
In the Senate.
The question of the enlargement of
the Medical Department occupied the
major portioni of the time .of the
Senate. The question arose in con
nection with the consideration of a
bill for the displacement of con
tract sureons by physicans who
shall be given the rank of army offi
cers and' the re-organization of the
medical corps. Mr.. Hale criticised
the bill as an entering wedge for a
general increase of the army and said
that it was a part of a general plan
of tie general staff which he charged
with a general purpose of enhuancing
ile army's importance.
In this conniection Mr. Hale said
that the general staff had prepared
plans~ for the invasion of China by an
American army but he added that he
did not mean to go into the subjaect
"for with the Secretary of State sit
tin on the lid I do not believe we are
likelv to have wvar."
Oklahoma a State.
The Senate passed a bill for the ad
mission of a new State to be called
Oklahoma and to be composed of the
Territory of Oklahoma and Indian
Territoryv. It was the House
joint statehood bill with all the pro
visions relating to Arizona and New
Mexico stricken out. The motion to
strike out was made lby Mr. Burrows
and it was carried by the close vote
of 37 to 35 after having been lost by
the still closer vote of :1 to 36
The Crisis For the Statehood Bill.
When the Senate met at 11 o '.lock
Friday morning in recess session f romi
Thursday. Mr. Beveridge, of Indiana
ehira of the committee on Terr
tori's, continued his earnest advoene.C
of the joint Statelmod bill. Nitwinh
standing the early hour of the meet
ing the public and private galleries
were crowded and a large number of
Senators were in their seats. Exactly
at noo n, lie general debate on lie
measure cloIsedt and the legislative day
f idayi\ was5 beCgun. Thie debate
was the coni 'tinuedttt underi t he t en
iiint e rule. The vot ing on the bill
will bein at 4 o 'clock. It is expect
ed that Senator F"oraker's amend
m eint providling for lie submnission of
he joint Statehood plan for New
Mexio and Arizona to the popular
vote of these two Territories, will be
aoped by a majority of between
ightand twelve votes.
15 SOLDIERS KILLED
Active Fighting Again on Our
OFFICIAL REPORT GIVEN OUT
A Disasterous Engagement is Report
ed to Have Occurred on the Island
of Jolo Between Natives and Ameri
cans-Six Hundred of the Latter
Sald to Have Been Slain.
Washington. Speeal.-Advices re
ceived by the War Department from
Major Gienex.l Wood. onianding
the Philippine division. state that
there has been a severe eCngaent in
the Island of Jolo. bet ween ihe
ican military and he naval forces,
and the Moros. Fifteen Ameriean
soldiers were killed.
A serious enigaemen t benveen
American forvces and hostile biEros
has taken place nar Jol. F.iiteen
enlisted men. incluini- tificen regu
lars and three ,f the constabulary
force, were killed. The total number
wounded, including troops. constabu
larv and naval contingent. is 52. The
engagement opened on the afternoon
of March G and concluded Thursday
morning. It involved the capture of
Mount Davo, near Jolo. The steep
lava cone, rising to a height of 2,100
feet tip the mountain was strongly
fortified and defended by an invisi
ble force of Moros. All defenders of
the stronghold was killed and 600
bodies were found on the field. The
American forces were directed by ('Eo.
Joseph V. Duncan. of the Sixth In
fantry. The action resulted in the
extintion of a band of outlaws who
had been making the condition of af
fairs because of their deliance of
Dr. Matthews Gets 20 Years.
Greensboro, N. C. Special-" Guilty
of murder in the second degree." was
the verdict rendered Friday morning
at 9:50 o'clock by the jury in the case
against Dr. J. 13. Matthews. whose
trial for wife murder started in Guil
ford Superior Court a week ago last
Wednesday. The sentence of the
judge was that lie be imprisoned in
the State penitentiary at hard labor
for 20 years.
FORMAL NOTICE OF APPEAL.
Maj. Guthrie then gave formal no
tice of appeal, 30 days being ellowed
for perfecting it and 30 days more for
the State to prepare its case. The
appeal bond was fixed at $50. Pend
ing the appeal, bail was fixed at $3,
000 justified, which the defendant did
not give and was remanded to jail.
Insurance Co. at Lynchburg.
Lynchburg, Special.-The American
National Life Insurance Company of
Lychburg has been formally organ
ized in the company's offices under
the charter granted some months ago.
The officers elected are: President,
W. A. Taylor: vice-president and
treasurer. B. I. Bopes; secretary. A.
M. Campbell; Senator John W. Dan
iel, second vice-president and gene
ral counsel; Fred Harper, associate
counsel; C. Davega Cohenx, third vice
president and general manager; S. W.
Iavidson, of New York, actuary and
Killed Wife and Suicided.
Augusta. Ga., Special.-M. L. Cohen
a oung Hebrew, at an early hour
Friday morning, after retiring with
his wife at a house oi Miarket street
secured a gun, shot his wife and then
himself. He died instantly. The wo
man never regained conseiousness. and
died a short while after, being found
several hours later. They came from
Savannah a few days ago. They were
married here six weeks ago.
Increases its Capital Stock.
Petersburg, Special.-Ini the office
of the clerk of the~ court here was ad
mitted to record a certificate for the
amendment of the charter of the Lan
caster Automatic Railway Crossing
Company, incorporated. The certifi
cate increases the maximum of the
capital stock from $100.000 to $500,
000. The minimum is $73,000.
A Tax Dodger.
Cininnatti, O., Special-Checks
for $700,000 were written but never
taken from the office of the - nion
Central Life Insurance Company, as
a means of avoiding taxes, according
to the testimony of Jesse. R. Clark,
treasurer of the company, mn the suit
of the county treasurer to recover
$173,000 in unpaid taxes. Clark said
that when tax time approached the
had in bank much cash which was
taxabe, but that as much money as
possible was transferred into untax
able morgage loains.
Representative Griggs, of Georgia,
wa's unanimously chosen chairman of
the Democratic Congressional Com
China regards the talk of military
preparations in the United States as
an act of unfriendliness.
Great Britain has opened communi
ation with this country. seeking fa
vorable tariff treatment.
Editor Shoots Down Editor.
Shreveport, La., Special-L. S tue
key, editor of The People's Demands.
was shot and killed at Cofax, La.. by
. M. Goodwin, editor of The Hali
fax Chronile. The cause of the trag
ev was the publication of an arti
el by Stucky which, it is alleged, was
a reflection on the character of Gocod
win. The shooting occurred on the
depot platform. Goodwin fired three
shots, all of which took affect, killing
Stick almost instantly.
IS A LIFE SENTENCE
finding of the Court in Case
of George Hasty
VERDICT GENERALLY APPECVED
The Man Who Killed the Two Actors
in Gaffney Has a Narrow Escape
From the Hangman's Nocse-Mis
tria? Had Been Feared by Some on
Account of the Length of Tim.e the
Jury Was Out.
Gaffney. S. C., Special.-The: jury
in the ease of the State 'vs. Geor-t
Hasty, for the murder of the two ze
tors. Bennett and Davidson, returned
a verdict of guiltv of murder in the
first dexr. with a reconin'atii
to mercy. Ilis sentence is a 4i' term
in the peniitenitiary. His att(orv
will apply for a new trial ,ased on
The case was given to the j:-ry Moii
day afternoon at 6 o'clock n: h
verdict was reached Tuesday morning
at 6.30. The judge, attorneys and
court officials were notified and aL
7.30 these. together with sevvial hun
red outsiders had assembled in the
court room to hear the climax of an
unusual c(Ose. Hasty was brought
from his cell and seated hi'mzelf near
his atornevs' table. He was zalm and
collected. showing little traces of
what must have been transpiring in
his mind. When tne forcnan an
nounced that a verdict had been
reached the usual poll was takea. The
"We find George Hasty guilty.
with recommendation to the court's
Hasty. who has exhibited unusual
nerve throughout the trial, when the
prospect of spending the remainder
of his life within the walls of a pen
itentiary passed before his mind, for
the first time showed emotions.
He shook and trembled -as a leaf in
the wind. tears flooded his eyes and
he was on the verge of collapse. A
local minister who was present came
to his side and tried to console him.
Judge Mimminger, upon the conclu
sion of the reading of the' verdiet,
rdered the defendant to stand up,
and sentence to life in the peniten
tiary was passed on him. Notice was
given that a motion for a new trial
would be made, but no arguments
were offered. The verdict meets with
general satisfaction in Gaffney., where
interest has been at fever heat during
te days of the trial. On all sides
ce can hear expressions of approval
t.hat Hasty was found guilty. Some
however, it is clear to see, would have
been much more gratified if the jury
had found a verdict of murder with
out the qualification of merey. The'
Jury before announcing its verdict
pleged itself to secrecy as to how the
respective members stood. It is
learned, however, that there wa
not a vote for acquittal cast dur
ing the ballot. The juirors were di
vided betwcen manslaughter and mnur
'.er and the verdict seems to have
been in the nature of a compromise.
The trial of Hasty was based on
the charge of the murder om Milan
Bennett. although the grand jury re
turned a true bill of double murder.
holding him responsible for the
deaths of both Bennett and Davidson.
Washington. Special.- President
Roosevelt sent a message to Congress
accompanying plans for coast de
fense prepared by a joint board of
army and navy officers, in which he
emphasized the necessity for further
defense prepared by a joint board of
defense works in this country. The
President calls special attention to
the recommendation of the board that
the entrance to Chesapeake Bay he
added to the list of places in the
United States to be defended. lHe
sas the insular possessions cannot be
longer safely neglected.
Tramp Crushed Between Bumper.
Favetteville,. Special - A white
man ~was found dead with one leg
cut off, Thursday morning on the
track of the Atlantic Coast Line Rail
way, near Luray station, four miles
nort of this city. He is unknown
and there is nothing on his person to
identify him. He had on workman ~s
overalls and is supposed to .Mtve been
a tramp stealing a ride. -
Miss SuSan B. Anothy SeriouSly Ill.
Rochester. N. Y., Special-Miss Su
san B. Anthiony is seriously ill at her
home here of pneumonia, which de
veloped on her return from her re
ent visit to Washington. She is M
ears old. For a ione time Miss .\n
hen has been in rohnst healh. Dr.
ChI-rles S. Sutmner was called in eon
ulttion. The physicians mmutnced
later that the patient ebhowed asliz'ht
Griggs Chosen Chairman.
tative J. M. Griggs. of Georgia. was
rnanimously chosen chalirmlan of the
DemocraticeicmmiitteM a' a meeuneH~
in the capitol attendcd by 31 members
9f the commtittee. Representative
Bowecrs, of Mississip'pi. placed Mr.
r; riggs in nmination1. There werei~ no
other rominations and the secretary
was instructed to cast the entire vote
fo- r Mr riggst