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COAL MD OIL IIUUI'
Invzstiation by the Interstate Com
maerc Commission Approved.
PRESIDENT CRITICISES CONGRES
In a 3 Call' Action Hlasty an
iifliocient - A.'ks1 .More Law an
N o'.n.y --ear1 l'robin= Will Resui
in ;inmnnity to Offenders-Hati Signe
Wa*:shingr-ton, D. C.PeietRoost
T.. I sent ' message to a'ngress i
1nul(ing that lie had signd(1 the Til:
an-Gillespie resolution valliin4 on th
Inzerstat.- Commerce Commision t
investigate railroad monopolis in o1
and coal. jnd ineidenally gave Con
gr.-ss a liece of news -tic1ially tIa
%il attract wide attention.
In his message Mr. Roosevelt said:
"I have signed the joint resolutioi
'inst'-(eting the lutec:tate Conmerc
Commuxiission to make examinations int<
tit sbjct of railroad diser.imination:
aitd mfonotolies in coal and oil, an
report on the same from time to time.
I hiave sined it wit esita beiton, le
emw. in the form in whih it wa:
a ~ :it achieves very little, and ma:
-e nothing. and it is highly undev
lthat a resolution of this kim
h: -:bIOme law in such fOrIml as t(
:tinx th impression of insinerity-tha
s. 7fp1tn'idiug to (o Somal-tiing ievllil
ra ' i not done-but after mue
iwsia i t I coneluded to sign the reso
.ult.n heiause its defects can be reme
:ll-dv by islationi wvhch I hereby as!
for. It must be under.-tood jhat un
h- this subsequent legislation i:
ra ::ced ihe present resolution must bi
r:t:nly, and may be entirely. inopera
*">fore specifying what this legisla
lion . j wish to call airention to ont
or v.z) preimnay acs. In The tirs
pw, 'xa part of the investigation re
quead by the House o[ RLeprese'nta
tivos in the resolution ladlpted Febru
ary 15. 1105. relating to the oil indus
t*V. Zi L further part having to d<
ih-, -t1ntthracite Coal indistry. hav
n M- ') 1omne timl uder' invigatio
byL Departmlent of t'iCoine'e an
I.a - These investiga tions. I al in
. e approachin!g complhtiol
ore Congress adjourns I shal
you the preliminary report:
:>:ss investigations. Until thes(
s are collpleted th' Interstat
Co:; erce Coinission could not en
daor 'to carry out so imuch of th
resolution of Congrzss as refers t
the tromid already covered withon
the risk of seoing the tw<
inivest;-:tions contijet :i( therefor(
render each other more or less nuga
"In the second place. I eall your at
teminu to the fact that if an inves
ti -' on of the nature proposed ii
this Joint resolution is thorot.gihly anm
ely conducted it will result ii
giviig immunity from criminal prose
Ve. to ali persons who are calloed
wo:- and constrained by compulsor3
pro--ss of law to testify as wimnesses
tho';;h. of course. such inmmnnuity front
pro(-'ution is not given to those fron
whlom statements or information mere
ly, . ontradistinction to swvorn testi
moi-: ar''e obtained.
"'Tais is not at all to say that suei
investigations should not be under
k~.Publicity can by itself oftec
-opish extraordinary re.sults foi
e;ad the court of pub jlic judgmen
yscure such results where thi
:t flaw are powerless. There acr'
ny*ases where an investigation
ungcomplete puliity abou
e-s and~ giving Congress the mate
i nwhich to proceed in the enact
e it ot laws, is more useful than
E-i:n!prosecution can piossibly he
1i ithaoui. not be providedl for b2
i'nv withxout a clear understanding tha
i vma be an alternat've instead of ax
:jisitional remedy: that is. that to carr:
an :2e investigation may ser've as a ba'
to the successful prosecution of the of
fi'iaes disclosed. The official body di
re-ed by Congress to make the inves
tirazion must. of course, carry out it:
diretion, and therefore the directiox
shioad not be given without full appre
cetion of what it mneans.
"fRuc the direction coniained in th(
ja: resolution which I have s'.gne(
I:.: renutin almost inoperative unles:
mloey is provided to c'atrry out the in
v.'t~gan ons in qluestion. :and unles:
the commission in carrying thenm oui
is :-2thorized to administer oaths ant
comipel the attendance of witnesses.
"accordingly recommend to Con
gros the serious consideration of jus
wvhat theyx wish the commission to do
:nid how far they wish it to go. having
in view the possimie incompatibility o:
conaduicting an investigation like thi:
and. of alko proceeding criminally in:
couirt of law: and, furthermore, that
ultiien:t sum. say $~>0.000, be at onet
mddto the current appropriction foi
Scozmnission, so as to enable it t<
do te work indicated in a thorougi
mnd complete manner. -:;hde at thi
auieC time the piov. .r is explicitly con
fr'-rrMd upon it to administer oaths ant
compilel the attendance of witnesses ix
moaking the investigation in question
wia e.. covers work quite apart from it!
'The gene:'al tone of the mes:age wil
be considered by Congress as a slai
from the Executive. and will go fer t<
*listurb the relations between the twr
brnce of the Government.
Hel'd bEtween the lhues the messag<
-s taken by many legislators to meax
i at urgted on by the alctionl of Cong es:
arn' the charges of inactivity in prose
:00o of gzreatc xmnpolies. the Admin
istraion is conitemlplatinig a ptrosecu
cmn of tih' Standard Oil Company ani
ie--al coml.i)na ions.
A:1 Quiet in Santo Domingo.
'calgrm received at the Stat.
I mpr:nnt. Washington. D. C.. from
isaent in Santo Domingwo states tha
: fwremnaininug insurrectos at Moni
Crsihave surrendered to the Gohvern
1-rn that all isnow (quiet and crau:
<c:. he republic.
rn:aeess Ena Conve'rted.
a.::". E~na. King Ailfo's futur'
bride' '-as received into the Cathioli
* hur: in the royal palace of .\lranma:
aL . 'W'atian. Spaiu.
:e Tess. a Uiienheim spanie
he ctup for the arc- tch' at tix
~ ii on it. C.) dog show.
:n :'~ in Ne; . -er hav
PRAIRIE FIRE IN TEXAS
Billows of Flame Devastaei 800,000
- hAcres of Land.
More Than 1MOO Head of Cattle 1.urned
and rour Unorganized Texas Coun
tie Laid Wavte-.
Lulbor-. 'Texas.--The most des'ruct
ice prair:e fim' ver known in the
Soutiwe wept over four large coun
lies northiwest U1 here. It destroyed
the grass on more than S00,000 acre s of
land in Iokikey, Lamb, Cochran and
. Bailey counties. burned more than
- 1000 head of cattle to death and de
siroyed many ranch buildings.
These four counties are unorganized,
I and there are no towns within their
borders. They are devoted wholly to
r-anch intere: ts. The fire started in
the northern part of Hockley County
five days ago and was swept south and
west by the high 'March wind that was
iblowing. The grass was dry and of
great height and it afforded fuel for
the flames that caused the contiagra
Zion to become one of the grandest
spvetacles ever witnessed in this re
The fire raced with the wind across
the breadth of two counties. covering
a distan'e of tifty miles in a few hours.
-This broad wall of tiame then swept
. soui and west, extending its path of
destruction for a distance of more than
100 miles and laying everything in that
broad scope of country waste.
A Wowen and children who occupied
rranch houses lying in the path of the
.ncoming flames were rescued and car
ried to places of safety on fleet-footed
It is estimated that the losses caused
by the tire aggregated more than $1,
Bill For Government Plant may Wipe
Out i)uPont Contracts.
W ington. D. C. - The Powder
TrIust known as the DuPont Syndicate.
Will lose its valuable contracis vWith the
G~overnmenlit for muaking smokeless
Powder if a bill introduced in the
House by Chairman I Hull. of the Mi1
tziry Affnirs Committee. becomes a law.
TI appropria'tes .20.0Y0 for the con
-truction of Government factories in
which the four or ive million dollars'
wor'th of smokeless vowder. used :,!
nually by the army and navy. will here
after he manufactured. It is thought
the bill will pass. as it has the approval
of the President, the Secretary of War
and of the Navy.
It is said the Governient Cn make
its own powder for abotione-half what
it now pays the trust. If this state
ment is correct. the Government will
save in a single year on its powder bill
three or four times the cost of the pro
posed Government powder plant.
The introduction of the Hull bill was
dua to an expose of the working of the
Powder Trust made in the House by
Representative Graff. of Illinois, show
ing that the four great powder manu
facturing concerns of the country-the
DuPont. the Latiand & Rtand, the Inter
national and the California. which con
stitute the DuPont Syndicate-always
-put in identical bids in answver to the
-(overnment's advertisement for sup
R IEFUSE TO PRtINT'LYING LABELS
Chicago Lithographers Offer Co-opera
tion to Illinois Pure Food Commission.
Chica go.--Ch ica go lithographers are
going to take up the pure food crusatde.
Unless certnin manufacturers order la
bels for their food products wvhich tell
the truth, it was said that the litho
grap~hers would not print them.
This was promised by a committee
from the Federation of Labor, which
called at the oficee of the Illinois Pure
Food Commission. The committee wacs
headed by Charles D. Wheeler, who
"What we think is that the commis
-sion ought to go after the manufactur
ers. Half of the time the dealer sells
an adulterated article without knowing
wha i in it. Then he gets arrested
and fined and has to pay the bill. I
sympathize with the small dealer. It
is the big manufiioturer who is respon
sible for this glucose mixture colored
w ith ainiline dye that goes under the
name of jam that we are after."
Assistanut Commissioner Patterson
saiud lhe faivored the plan of the itho
INDIANAPOLIS CITY THEATRE.
Tomlinson Hall to Be Remodelled For
Use of Anti-Syndicate Attractions.
Indianapolis. Ind.-3Mayor Bookwalt
er is arranging to give jndependenut
theatrical attractions a place in this
city wvhere they may appear.
For more than a year the syndicate
has controlled al!l the theatres in this
city, and many attractions have not
been brought here because of the bar
tplaced upon themi by the syndicate.
It is the plan of Mlayor Bookwalter
-to convert Tomlinson Hall, owned by
the city, into a theatre, where indepen
dent attractions may appear. The in
terior of the building is to be renmod
eIled and every appointment necessary
Ifor a first-cla'ss theatre added. =
Cut Old U. S. Clerk's Pay.
The Committee on Appropriations of
the House. Washington. has incorp~or
- ated ini the Judicial Appropriation bill
- a proviso that every Government clerk
- more than sixty-iive years old. no mat
ter wvhat his salary is, must be cut
down to $1000 a year.
TWO RUN DOWN BY TRAIN.
Double Tragedy at Erie Railroad
Crossing Near Corning. N. Y.
Corning. N. Y.-John Wood. of Troy.
P. and MIiss Rose M1addox. of this
ity. werte instantly killed by a train
at the C entreville crossine of tihe EKri
I lr~lmoad here late at nighc. The ho~d
les were brought to the local station.
where they were identiiled early next
The victims were driving across ihr
tram when ic their carriage was struck
by an east-bound passenger train.
CJTICAG;O SALOON TAX $1000.
'Iuerea se Adds S3.30O000 to Treasury
and 1000 M[en to Police.
e 'iao.-Bty a vote of 40 to 2S the
City Council adopted the ordinanet
e tixing the saloon license at $1000 pe:
I shall si the ordinance just a
non: as it is pr'eented to mec." saiO
MILLION AlS BEoAINE[
Cattle Kings Forced to Give Ur Vas
Tracts Of Stolen Lands.
To BE REOPENED TO PUBLI(
6oom Provided For Hundtredi.4 of St.'
ti,--. in Nebramka na 1eenit o
JDis'posen:: of Realty Robberi
The "Work of L. (. Wheeler, o
the Secret Seivice.
0m:ahn. Ni-.-One million a eres of
Tanid-rood land-added to those sub
ject to homesteading in Nebraska i:
the first fruits 4-f the investigationm
of the land and fencing frauds whieli
have been perpE-trated in this State
This vast body of land upon which sev
eral thocusand families ean find houmec
a.nd farms. wili be officially restoredi
to the public domains on July 3, an(
-will the. i-e subject to homestead enir.
For the last few years. while would
be settlers and homesteaders have hefr.
running ,-hout over Nebraska taking
u) the best lands they could find. tbeso
LO00.00u acres have been within thV
fences of the great cattle barons, and
it was altcst as much as man's lif.
was worth to enter their great in
elosures and homestead any of thu
land which they claimed as their
"range"-without one shadow of law
fui and legal claim thereto.
Blut this is now changed: Gover-nment
ferrets have gone over the State and
have hunted out those lands illegally
fenced. and even those upon which ille
gal filings had been made. and as a re
suit 1,000.000 acres will be again of
fered to the public, free. on July 1.
This tract will be open to the first
comers who make their filings, not on
160 acres apiece. but on four times
that much-G40 acres-a full square
mile of land-to settle down and live
on the land five years and thus securc
a clear title without the payuent of
one cent other than the regular filin-:
fees of $14.
This is only the first result of the
land investigation, howCvever. and after
the Government authorities have con
cluded their siftings. there will prob
ably be several more millions of acres
returned to the G.overnment and again
opened to the public.
This work is being carried on from
thv Government building in Omaha.
under the Fupervision of L. C. Wheleer.
of the Secret Service. The public has
heard of the trails of the' great cattle
barons and of the sentences doled out
toi then for practically stealing hun
dreds of thousands of acres. but noti
ing has been said of the efforts of the
dcpartment to cancel the claims these
barons have on the great bodies of
lands that they have inclosed with
1trands of wire.
One of the favorite methods was for
the great cattle man to have his cow
boys and other employes take up home
steads. making the declaration in doing
so that the land was for their own use
entirely. But as soon as the final proof
wvas made, these homesteads have been
immediately deeded to the cattle ma]].
Another favorite method was to get ohl
soldiers and soldiers' widows to make
these filings. Wheeler's agents have
sh~owni that hundreds of these ex-sol
diers have been brought fromn the sol,
diers' homes of Iowa. Illinois. Nebras
ka and other Central Western States,
haive been paid from $50 to St00) to
file on a certain piece of land, and
when th~e deed is received from the
Govornment to transfer this land to the
cattle people. Likewise, hundreds of
widows of Union soldiers have beer]
utilized to help defraud the Govern
ment and enrich th~e cattle kings. Two
year-s ago three cars filled with these
worn n were brought to Nebraska from
Iowa in a singele day to Alliance. Neb.,
and( each one filed on 1G0 acres of land.
which land is now in the hands of the
(-attle men and will be claimed by the
Government as fraudulently held.
The "insiders" confidently expect
that when the Government finishes
with the cattle barons, at least 3.000.
000) acres of gor.4 lands will be re
turned to the public domain, and will
be subjiect to honmesteading by bonafide
NO TREASURY DEFICIT NOW.
The Month of F-ebruary Ends With a
Wash ngton, D. C.-The month of
February ends with a surplus in the
U'nited States Treasury for the fir-st
time in the current fiscal year which
began on July 2, 1905. At the close of
business the excess of Government re
ceipts over expenditures for tie fiscal
year was $1,102,002. There had bee]]
a deficit in the Treasury for eight
mfonths until now.
The improved condition of the Gov
ernent finances has exceeded the pre
diction]s of Secretary Shaw and sonme
of the Republican leaders in Congress,
and it is now believed that there wvill
be a substantial surplus '.>y the end of
the fiscal year cn June 30 next. The
improved condition is due entirely to
increased receipts fr-om several
sources, for the total dfsbursements
have been larger than they were last
The state of the Treasury at this
time is in sharp contr-ast to the condi
tion which existed a year- ago, when
th ere was a deticit of $25,403,33.
Revolution in Uruguay.
Reports have recached Buenos Ayres
tha:it a revolutionary movement has
broken out ini Uruguay, anid the Presi
dcnt of tha:t Republic bas taken ~
Anti-E-ight-H~our Law in Effect.
ha ving; signed tihe ac~t ma]kinig :typro
priations for tie needs of the 1sthmiian
Canal Comiuussi&n and exempting the
canal workers fr-cm the operations of
the eight-n our lawv, President Shonts
sent a cazbleg-rm to Chief Engineer
tevens. whbo is ner: :1t Panama, noti
fying him of thtie arpp-oval of the act.
Iceland Seeks L-dependence.
A movement to declare Iceland inde
pendenzt of Denmar': ihas caused con
siderable uneasiness in Copenhagen.
ICobumbia defeated Aa.:atpolis at fenc
ing aiv botst fou
L eon Mate c h Ger;.townvi catch
e; waho hs ISeen] debarred fromn ath -
Ieti'- in the u': ': ersity, la; like y to
I A TWO CENT RAILWAY FARE
Official; East and WeSt Acmit It
'll Become Gerera'.
To Be Forcel on J:oAd.-Leghintlitre
anit Comi isiiionr to Ac Lit li the
-( mi railromi far i:::s . an t r'-pidly
over 1"'tates since the pasage of the
>hila Railroad odicials of the
E.Ii ,In West. according to advices
volleCted here. admit that ithe two-ce.nt
fle ;- bound to becoile genlerall. and
theY are only hoping the day of its
adoption w1il he delayed as long as pos
The abolition or pas*es and the he
!itf that two cents is enough for rmost
of the railroads east of the Mississippi
I-) charge are the two strongest influ
onces in strengthening the movement.
'Many railroad oflicials believo they
must offer the lower fare in o:.der to
rnwer the competition that is develop
in'g fromr the spread of interurball elec
trie lines all over the country. The
action of the railroads on the mileage
book question is another thing that is
operatin:: 10 increase the demand for
I; two-cent fare.
Miehiganr took the initiative in the
reduction of passenger fares, but the
la.w there s a gr.ded one. depending on
iem e-arnings of the railroads. The
faros oermitted' to he charged range
from four c-ents on soie roads i the
upper peninsula to two cents on the
r1marn lin!es in the lower State.
Thi law has resulted in giving the
iolilh- of Michigan a two-cent fare on
700 miles of mrairn line and a two and
one-half cent rate on 400 miles of road.
The operation of the law has proved
eminnently satisfactory to the people
of the State. and so far as can be
learned has not affected adversely the
revehue of the railroads.
Governor IHanly. of Indiana. hias de
termined that the next Legislature,
whetier it be a special or a regular ses
sion. shall pass a two-cent law that
shall apply uniformly to all lines with
in the S tate. A universal sentiment
exisis' throughout the State in favor
I such a1 measure.
The State of Iowa is also moving
rapily toward a two-cent fare action.
Governor Cunmmins re-ommended col
pulsory legislation for a family mileage
book 10 he sold at twc cents fiat. The
suggestion was ignored and a two-cent
fare bill vas introduced in 100-> and
:rgiain in 19N. but has not been given
cons-oiideration by the IRailroad Commit
tee of the House.
in W isconsirn the Secretary of State
has presented a complaint to the Rail
road Conunission that ie is compelled
to pa thre cents a imile when ridirrg
on Wiseonsin lines and that this is anr
The commission is n hat is termed a
"strong commission," bgving power
over ra tes. and as the temper of the
people of the State is toward rate re
duction. there is little doubt that the
railroads there are facing a two-cent
Had the Governor's call permitted it,
a two-cent bill would have been rushed
through the Pennsylvania Legislature
at the last session. There is not the
least doubt that such a measure 'xill
be introd'ieed at the session next Jan
uary. An effort was made to induce
tire Governor to amenrd iris special call
so as to permit cf two-cent legislation,
but without effect.
In Virginia a bill has been introduced
requiring two-cent fares, and it will
probably be passed.
In Illinois the State commission re
cently rep)orted in favor of a reduction
to two cents, but action was postpo.ned
pending further investigation.
In Nebraska it is a foregone conclu
sion, it is said, to leading commercial
men of the State, that a bill will be
ofered in the next Legislature provid
ing for a reduction of fares from three
to two cents. It may become an issue
in the campaign.
LIEUT.-GEN. SCHOFIELD DIES.
Noted Army Officer Passes Away at
St. Augustine. Fla.
St. Augustine. Fla.-Lieutenant-Genl
ral John M. Schofield. retired, died at
.30 o'clock at night. He was seventy
ive years old. Cerebral hemorghage,
which caused an apoplectic stroke, was
the cause of death.
With the death of Lieutenanrt-General
Schofield the lan of the great army
commanders of the Civil War is
stricken from thre rol's. Generals Will
iam M. Wherry an~d William P. Ennis
were here with him. TX~bey were at
tached to his staff at the time he was
in command of the Army.
.ke Swallows Village.
Th vllag of Tavenola, built on per
heiua clfsabove Lake Iseo. Bres
cia Province, Italy, was almost entirely
destroyed by rocks surddenly giving
way, apparenrtly because the lake had
eaten into the base of the cliffs. For
tunately the disaster wras preceded by
a louid roaring. whrichr alarmed the 1000
inaitants in time to make their es
cape. One fishrermna.1 was killed.
About 2010 feet of r-ock and the houses
on it were swallowved u.p by the l-ake.
Longworthrs at Home.
Mr. and Mrs. Nicholas Longworth are
established in the Longwvorth house,
at Eighteenrth arnd I streets, Warshing
ton, D. C.. anrd tire Congressman has re
Isued his duties at the House.
Earthquake Shock in Maine.
A distinct earthrquake was felt in
Portland. Me. In several par-ts of
the city the shock was 'necompanied
More Money Cabled to Japan.
Washington, D. C.-The Amrerican
National lted Cross, through tire State
Departmenrt. eahled to thre .Japanrese
Red Cross $5Q000. makirrg a total of
$2.000 so f:(r corntributed by thre Amer
ian people and tr-ansmuitted to Japan
through tire Rled Cross for the relief
of the sufferers in the famine-stricken
Rear-Admiral French E. Chadwick
has been retired.
N ewsy Gleanings.
Wild dogs are becoming a nuisance
and danger in the jungles of India.
A special military commission is now
sitting in Berlin, Germanry, considering
tre best means of making cav-atry as
irv sible as- possible in warfare.
S-edern is plannn to use for elec
tricty every ounce ot w::ter now golag
o wtv4 ove hr falis and in her
Cil:nb'iair' Unirs uity and the Na
tior!'l Academ of ' Desigrn have comne
to ' ')'r'taning whereby theuy wtili
n.-pe~win heesabi ishmeatnt of a
o--Iy 'f tie art-i.r conneactionl withm
I' I.A Ni"Y vetr ivc-rsitv.
[HIE INSURANCE A~[ FAILS
hree Mutua| Reserve Officiais In
dicted n New York City.
I ARCENY AND FORGERY CHARGED
re-ilenit F\. . I in ait1im. V ic-l're-ident
Geo..1rg D - 1. E-:41 r id::-ze anil Se-cond
Vice-1resieini 4iorze 1Unrunh ata. .1r.,
Arre.rted and liailed-Graud .ury'3 Ac
tion spreals Con,.ernatinn.
New Xork 4'Ity.- he lust talgible
resiL u appe*'air as the result of )is
trict Attorney .1 rome's exninifatioi of
the testiimoly that was taken by ile
Leis~ilat iv'e l usuirnm !InE ivestiga tinig
Coimuittee was.e the indictiment of three
oflieers of ihe Mutunal Reserve Life In
surane Company oil chirg'es of grand
larceny in the first dlegroee and forgery
in the third degree. The men indicted
are Frederick A. Burnham. president:
Geo-ge D. Eldridge. first vice-president,
and George Burnhainl. .Tr., second vice
president. II all. live indictments were
lJroiughlt against each officer. two for
:rand hireny aid three for forgery.
I'le alleged lireenyi and forgery was
brouxilt abolut. aecording to the idiet
ments. by layments of $9000 of the
mpanIly's money to law tirms. the ap
pareit purpose of which is alk-:ed to
hanv1e been to s.ttle himlis against tie
compatny. while the real object is Al
leged to have been to sett!e aetions
which imil h?en brought against otfi.ers
of ilh" coipalny as individuals.
The iidivtImienits oil wInich a hare
of lareeny is based alleged that ilh(e ofli
cers embezzled two sumiis. (ile of 5750)
and th.- otlier of .01. oil October 24,
The thre ofluiers appeared inl the
Court of General Sessions. vhiere Judge
O'Sullivai. lixed their bail at ? 12.500(l
II the irst easC of aleged forgery
the indicent charges that $7500 was
entered ini the cash book as paid to
Nichols & Bacon. attorneys of P. 1'.
Arnistrong, to settle a clajim of Arm
strong against the insurance c4mpiny
arising out of a c'ntract between hili
nd the (omipaly. Inl f*;Iit. however.
lhe indictiei charges. the money was
paid to Nichols & taron in settlemlent
if an., action which ihiey. as attorleys
for J. Dougtss Wells. Lad previously
brongtit aga inst Frederick A. Burnham
The secoiud indictment for forgery
tiirges that theI defend.ils cauIIsed
$151N) to be eitered oil the comipaiy's
books as itmade in paynient to James
Schiel & Elkus for legal services ren
(lered O)y themii to the collpaniy. In re
alit:. declaires the indictment, the
money was paiI with instructions to
turn it over to ite attorney ot J. Dong
las Wells to reimburse Wells for dis
burseiments which he claimed had been
made by him in defending actions
broug.. against him by Frederick A.
Burnham. individually, and by George
). Eldridge. individually. and in order
to induce Wells to consent to a discon
tiinance of t nose actions.
The third indictment for forgery is
based on the paymfent of $5000O of the
company's mioney on September 24.
1901. That payment. the indictment
charges, was entered in thle cash book
as niade to James Schell & Elkus for
legal services. The real purpose of this
payment is. however, alleged to have
been for delivery to Baldwin & White,
attorneys for J. Thompson Patterson,
for the purpose of settling one action
whiclh Patterson had previously
Ibrought against the company and
against Frederick A. Burnhaand eo
ions which had beeni brought against
Patterson, one by (George D). Eldridge,
ildividuall y. one by Frederick A. Burn
ham, an nd one by the company.
The indicetments pr'oducled consterna
tion among otticialhs of insuratnce comn
panics whose methods wvere exposed by
the Armstrong committee. Their fear
of the results of the probing of the
Grand Juhry, under the direction of Dis
trict Attorney JTerome, was manifest
when it was learned that many of
them had retained William Rand. Jr.,
former Assistant District Attorney, to
SUGAR REBATES INQUIRY.
Charges of Agreement Among Ali Rail
roads Entering New York City.
New York City.-The Federal Grand
JTury in this city b~eganl to take evidenice
in regard to charges laid before Attor
ney-G;eneral Moody tuat the railroads
having terminals in New York and
Jersey City were concerned in a deti
nite agreement in regard to a division
of the sugar freight business and also
had been paying rebates to the Sugar
Trust. The charges. which are brought
by W. R. Hearst. allege that the agree
ment has extended over a long term of
y-ears, and 1hat large sums have been
paid in reba tes.
The evidlence colle.. ed in the case
wais laid before Attturney-General
Moody somei weeks ago. and after ani
investi;-ationl the D~epartmen t of JTus
tice has deteraiined that .dhe cases shall
be ptushed vigorously at once.
The Delaware. Lackawanna and
Westera Railroad Compa ny, Lowell 31.
Palmer. of IHavemneyer &. Elder: a
Brooklyn (lock comupany aairt others are
the defendants in the principal rebate
action. w'hile the otheri railroad ('omf
paies centreing in and around New
York appear in other cases.
Free Lessons For Maine Farmers.
Profe-sors in the University of Maine
havye perfected plans to travel through
(lit t he State in a finely equipped
special train andl give free lessons in
theoretical aigriculture to the farmers.
Fall Over Mile From [Iia!!oon.
The env"elope of a mlitta ry hal Iloon
which was amking an a scent at Civita
La vignlia. eighitien miles sout iheatst oft
Rome. Italy. bunrsi at a height of over
a mule and a1 enytniin and eighit soldiers,
who were in the car, were dashed to
\h[i ple Syrupn Seatsoin.
The uapie syrutp season has opened
nunisnalIly ct liy ini Someruseu Countty.
Pennis; Ivania andmi eonlsiderale quain
tities ha ve becen obtinmedl r'eently'.
Mutual's Pusiness Fell Off.
?he annual statement of the Mutual
Life Insurance Company for the year
eiided D)e'eimber 31 was ma~de public in
New York City. It shows that the Mu
tua l's b usiness ini the year of the insur
aniiees scaal s fell off more than $4'i
illIm . iiH). 1'i~e a mount of paidi( fot' new
business ini 1!H4 was $229.5:2,400, and
ini 1945 was $ 181 .,;;.);4:.
IL.ine's Steps Down.
.Toh P:it. Iha im;s. pi'esiden t of the So
vl~ for h;'. I 'revemiiion of Cruelty to
the' bor ofi 41 ini!anne':rs at a special
mice ':ir in Yow Yowr: 'ity.
Resignations Were All Sent in
STARTLINGLY SUDDEN DrFEAT
On Comparatively Minor Debate Over
Church Inventory Riots Govern
ment is Defcated by Opposition, In
Cluding Both Clericals and Social
ists, and Premier Rouvier and Col
legues Tender Resignations to Fig
Paris. By C:bie.-Like a slo .t f'ron
a clear sky. tht. Rouier Ministry was
defeated in the ('haiber of Deputies
ai ininediaiely resigineil.
Tlie cabinet crisis 4cmes at a dIra
mat.1ie momwent. whenl the Franco-Ger
mtani cintest ha1! re'acheil a decisive
sta'ze. anid Ialiy exert an iplortatt
alverse iiifluence on the AlUeciras
coniference and on Eropean affairs.
The defeat of the iovernmeni came
61n a eoiparitively minor debate over
lie (ntreh dirtirs. The governlent
neeeded in holing only 2:4 votes,
hile tle varius elemets in opposi
tion--ericals. Sia ut lists and Natio n
alist.--unitedl and( polled 2t67 votes,
th1uts placing thin \lillistry inl a minor
ity of 32.
Premier ROuvier. wvit i all of his (()
leagues. imnediately proceeded to) the
Fo4 ireign Oflice, where a joilit letter of
resignation was preparel. Later. M.
Rouvier presented :his letter to Presi
dent Fallieres, who accepted the
resignation. The President announe
ed his intention of ,onsulting the
Presidents of the Sent and Chamber
of Deputies relative to the formation
of a lnew cabine!.
BLOODY 1110T F1M01FD TOPIC.
The debate in the ('hamber I-f De
puties was upon t!he bloody riot dlir
ing the taking I an inventory of a
chrch in tile village of Boesehepe.
resulting in the death of a manifest
Tarious orators severely eriticised
the government's course, asserting
that it threatened to precipitate a re
Premier Rouvier responded:
"The government has the duty to
apply the law. It will apply it with
out weakness. but also with the prut
dence. taet and wisdom consistent
with public traniuility. I ask the
adoption of a resolution approving
these declarations of the govern
The resolution was thereupon put
o a vote and defeated. The result
as due to a combination of opposi
ion infittences. The vote was more
xpressive of personal antagonism to
the Ministry than of opposition to
Named to Murder President.
Newv Orleans, Special.-Declarin~g
that her life will he taken unless she
assassinates President Roosevelt, a
oman who gave her name as Mrs.
. B. Lewaller. of Philadelphia, ap
plied at central police headqutarters
for protection. She spoke rationally
nall general sttbjects, hut the police
oroner decided to detain her for an
examination. Mirs. Lowaller said that
she fell in with a party of Socialists
n Philadelphia, and that she was tak
to a room there and made to take
m oath against the President. being
told that she woutld be destroyed if
t was not executted. She said she
fed to Hotuston, Texas. but the men
followed her there and that she had
then come to New Orleans.
Western Roads Lower Rate.
Chicago, Special.-esterni rail
roads, The Record-Herald says have
decided to make voluntary rednctions
in transportation charges amounting
in the aggregate to many million dol)
ars antnually. The' proposeud reduc
tions are to be made in all the rates
of the six classes into which freight
is divided and will be effective in the
nti~e territory b~et ween the AtlIantic
seaboard and the Missouri river. In
eneral, the redtuctions will amount to
approximately 13 per cent.
Not to Strike on Southern.
Washington. Special--I an atu
horized interview I. B. Perham. of
St. Louis, president oft the Order of
Railway Telegraphers, stated that the
ifferences with the Southern Rail
way Company were beciner amicably
adjusted and that there would he no
strike on Friday as heretofore an
Tennessee Republican Committee
Nashville. Tenn.. Special-The State
Repbcan~ (in~mmittete met here Wed
ies1ay and~ idecidedl to) caltl a coniveni
ion to mner- here Augutst 2 next. to)
in 'ewc nud kles for (Governot and
ather St ae "fiieials. Lines between
the 5)-al Evans and Brownlow
act ins \;ere taut ly drawn.
Stranded Schooner Floated Near
No folk. Special.--The Merritt
Compan. Wednesday afternoon float
ed the 'four-masted schioonfer George
M. Gran~t. which was blown ashore
e ape Illenry last Tuesday after.
Ie Th 'vssel was kept afloat by
. roo wooden railroadl ties and
I' t0~. 1 i Hampton R1oads.
Thewoan vwho thinks only of het
Occurrences of Interest from
All Over South Carolina
MANY ITEMS OF STATE NEWS
A Batch of Live Paragraphs Cover
ing a Wide Range-What is Going
On in Our State.
Charlotte Cotton Market.
Low middlin...... .... ...! 7-S
Striel low midling..........10 '!
Stit middlin.... ........10 :-4
G .-d middlinz.... .... .. ..10 7-S
New York Futures.
h.... .... .... ........ 10.56
April...... ................ 10. 62
.a.................. .. 10.76
June.... .... .... .... .....
Julv..... .... .... .... .... . . 0-7
Autust .... .... .... .... ... 10.41
O vtobeir.... .... .... .... .. 10.30
Nvember..... .... ......... 10.34
Decemiber .... .... .... .'..... 10.34
January.... .... .... .... .. 10. 8
Spot.... ...... .......- 10 3-4
Mr. Evans' Condition.
Marion. Speial.-\l.. 'Junius H.
Evans. who was serioisly injured last
Friday evening by a fall fron ihl e1e,
-lillani building on Mlain sireet, is bet
ter. tliouglh tle imptovement inl his
Codition is very sliglt. At first it
was thought that tlt in jiury would
prove immediately fatal. but now. al
thonglh he is palralyzed in the lower
hlout I of his body. somew lope of his re
Coverv is entertained. He has been
c u)OOS.NoutS almost -oiitiouisly. not
wit lstanding the intense phtysica, suf
ferinog he has undergone. He is at
tended by Drs. Msintyre and Smith of
thlis towi. anid his uncle. Dr. -James
Evais of Horence. His brotier. Mr.
Walker W. Evans of Clio, lois been
with himli since the iniury.
"Lum" Ward Badly Wounded.
Greenville. Special.-C. Lum Ward,
a well known horse trder and farmer,
living three miles south of the city on
the Laurens road. was shot and mor
tally wounded by George Douglass,
member of the firm of Briscoe &
Douglass. Ward was carried to the
station house. where Dr. W. C. Black
ave medical attention. The shot ent
ered the left breast and was not locat
ed. As soon as the physician had ad
ministered anestheties to the wounded
mano lie told Ward that he had better
prepare his will. if he wanted one, as
hiis wound was mortal. The wvill was
prepared and executed. His death is
likely to occur at any time.
A Blind Tiger Carriage.
Greenville. Special .-F'our gallons
o~ blockade liquor, two negro women,
a negro backman and a horse and car
riae were captured by officers in the
heart of the city. All means hereto
fore devised for transport ating liquor.
in the hacks at night have been un
earthed by the officers. A negro hack
man had been working a new one.
When he wvished to transport liquor he
would get one or more negro women
in his hack and drive through the
streests. Officers got on to this game
and above arrests resulted.
Gov. Heyward has announced the
appointment of Mr. Lee G. Holleman
f Anderson to the position of State
bank examiner. The recommendation
had been made the governor by the
executive committee of the State as
ociation of bankers.
Mr. L. M. Gasque has received his
commission and qualified as a mem
ber of the fish and oyster commission.
Mr. Gasque has been a member of the
legislature from Marion county for
several years and is one of the most
successful'-business men in that county
He is well qualified to represent the
interests of the people along the Pee
e river who for several years have
been wanting some kind of legisla
Supt. W. H. Hand of Chester has
been elected to a chair in the South
Carolina university, the board of trus
tees thus adding another strong and
virile intellect to the teaching force.
Supt.. Hand will be connected with the
department of padagogy, presided
over by Prof. Patterson Wardlaw. It
is the ~manifest policy of the board to
lect young men to the faeulty.
The secretary of State issued a
charter to the Southern States Trust
Company. a (Columibia concern, capi
talized at $4.500. The officers are:
C. S. Barnet te, president and general
ma:aer. and E. A. Washington, see
In accordance with the request from
the meet ingz held in Charlotte last Sat
urdav fo r the purpose of discussing
the Appalachtianf reserve, Gov. Hey
ward named a committee of five to
o tWa'shington at the proper time
in the effor.t to forward the promo
tion of this legislation. The gen
tlemen named are: A. T. Smayth, (Char
eston: W. S. Lee. JIr.. Rock Hill: A.
Foster McKissick. Greenwood;Gr
ville Real, ('alhoun Falls: H. C. Beaut
Sheriff John A. Dukes (4 Orange
burg county has called to the attntion
of Go. Heyward a state of affairs in
Orangburg county which has annoy
ed some of the citizens, and asked for
a reward for the arrest of an incen
diary whose torch has destroyed
housands of. dollars worthi of prover
L .! Ncrry wauis (commrissioned maiz
. :n~ eek township. Lan