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NEWS AND HET-RALD,
WINNSBORO. S. C.
J. FRANK FOOSHE
Editor and Proprietor.
TREBMS. IN ADVANCR:
Six Months......................... .75
Wednesday, March 14,1906.
Dr. D. F. Houston, an alumnus
of tne University of South Caro
lina, is soon to be installed presi
dent of the Univerity of Texas.
Thus one of the younger universi
ties in one of the largest states
pays a very high honor te one of
the oldest institutione in a much
It was the South Carolina
College; it is now the University
of South Carolina and not the
South Carolina University. Let
us get the name right and write it
as it is. If institutions could
spsak, they would cry aloud
against being called by some
Did you ever stop to think that
year in and year out the best
friend that you have in a business
way is the home merchant? Then
do not go running off to some
other place or trying the mail
order houses till you have given
him a chance to supply your
wants. After he has failed, there
is time enough for going elsewhere.
But in the very large majority of
cases, you will find that he will
Supt. W. H. Hand of the Ches
ter Graded school has been elect
ed associate professor of peda
gogy in the University of South
Carolina. Mr. Hand is one of
the very foremost public school
men in the Palmetto State and
this historic institution is to be
congratulated upon securing his
services, though the public
schools can ill afford to give up
such a leader to the higher insti
tution of learning. Another very
happy choice for the same insti
tution was that of Mr. Jno. P.
Thomas of the Columbia bar as
associate professor of law.
It is not quite here yet, but
then it is near enough to le it be
known that it v-ill soon be here,
the time for pianting rsorgbum,
and that preparationzs should now
be making for the planting of a
sufficient quantity of this valuable
forage crop sh that there may be
green food in abundance for all
stock in the summer months and
that there may not be wanting a
plenty of good dry forage during
the fall and winter months of an
other season. It is interesting
to note that it is getting very
common in any agriwultural
notes, urging the raising of all
home supplies and food stuffs,
that this valuable crop comes in
for special mention. This is
simply because the large pre
j udice that formely existed
against this foreign crop is rap
idly dying out in the light of
the increased knowledge there is
through actual experiment of its
real worth in helping the farmer
to have an abundance of good
homna.raised forage, both green
and dry, for all his stock.
In another column will be
found some- figures taken from
the books of the county treasvrer,
which unmistakably show that the
tax machinery of Fairfield county
needs tightening up. While the
treasurer has collected $1200
taxes on polls and property not
returned, it is very probable that
there would still be a good deal
more taxes to collect, if returns
had been made as required by
law. It is not worth while at
this time to worry about who is
responsible for these gross omis
sions the past year, for it will be
recalled that, owing to peculiar
circumstances last year, the
present auditor could not be held
entirely responsible for the same;
nor have we any figures to show
whether these omissions were any
more last year than formerly.
What is of vital concern at the
present time is that all who are
charged with carrying out the
provisions of the law in regard to
returns, do all that is within their
power to prevent these serious
irregularities occurring again.
The returns of the present year
are now in the hands of the town
ship boards of assessors and it
is their duty to report all parties
who have not made returns, be
they property-oyvners or mere
polls. Not only is it their duty
to have them listed, but also to
add the penalty of 50 per cent
as required by law. One good
dose of penalties now will be
sufficient for years to come and
there is no other remedy that
will have the desired effect. Let
the law be carried out. The
listing of property in the wrong
school district has frequently in
the past been the occasion of
much confusion. The township
assessors by going earefully over
the returns, that have been
much towards correcting an
irregularities that have hitherto
>btained in this respect. It is
very important from every stand
point that property be listed in
the right district, and especially
is this true of polls, as the taxes 11
collected from this source go to
the district in which they are
paid. As this is the year for the 1
revising of the assessments on
real estate, the county board of
equalization should spare no
pains to make an equitable ad
justment of same in accord with
valuation put upon all other pro
perty. Certainly the value of
real estate is decidedly more than
it was four years ago, when the
former returns were made. With
the increase that should come
from this source, there ought to
be a decided increase in the
value of all taxable property in
the county. By seeing that all
property both personal and real
is returned and that at a vakia
tion that is fair and just, the
boards of assessors and the board
of equalization have it within
their power to do much towards
increasing the revenue of Fairfield.
A Letter from Louisiana.
Mr. A. R. Thompson of Hoss
ton, La., in remitting for his
subscription to the News and
Herald adds the following in
teresting nutes in regard to the
improvements that must be going
on in his old home, as judged by
the improvement in the county
paper, and also makes some in
teresting comments on the possi
bilities to the Southern farmers,
if they will only take advantage
of the situation, that is theirs by
not planting too much cotton.
"How rapidly the years go by.
I am much pleased at the im
provements in your paper, which
gives Lvidence of prosperity in
your section, and I trust that it
may continue for years. The
farmer has the whip end of the
siuation, if he can only be induced
to use it; but I am afraid that
ten-cent cotton will prove irresis
tible and that they will try to put
all creation in cotton this year.
We made almost a failure in this
section last season, but have our
flints picked and will try again."
Winnsboro The Place.
Winnsboro's marchants are
now :very brsy getting in their
stock of spring and summer
goods and within the next few
days will have everything in
full read-ness for'their many cus
tomers- Their offerings this sea
son will be more tempting than
ever before, for they have been
making it a point each year for
the past few years to bring a
larger and better selected stock
each season. This is a matter
that has been frequently com
mented upon by all who trade
here, and the result has been that
they have been drawing more'
largely of the trade of all sec
tions of the county. There will
be no trouble for any and all to
get all their needs in these vari
ous lines supplied right here;
there will be no need for mail
orders or going out of the county
for goods. All in all there is no
better place in this section for
the people of Fairfield to do their
trading and they will find this
most especially true this season.
Watch for the announcements
of the Winnsboro merchants and
do not fail to come this way for
any of your wants in the way of
spring and summer goods and
ten do not forget that all your
wants in every other line can be
supplied right here too.
Finley Again Chosen.
At a meeting of the South Car
olina delegation in the hoase
held a day or two ago, saysa
Washington corresponden', J.-.p
resetative Finley was chi seu
succeed himself as a membr .
the national congressioual c an:
paign committee from do ti b
Carolina. Mr. Finley h-e red.
resented the State on the cmnnrmit
tee for several yearse, and t bough
there has been a consideroble
shaking up in some oIf the dele
gations, the South Carolina men
have thought that no cbange was
necessary in their ranks; conse
quently they have selected Mr.
Finley to serve during the next
two years. The duties of the
memers of this committee will
be quite difficult during the com
ing campaign, when both Demo
crats and Rep ublicans will be
striving to secure control of the
house. Mr. Finley will no doubt
discharge the duties required af
him in a first-class manner as lhe
has done heretofore.-Yorkville
Afflicted Withi Rheumatism.
"I was and am yet afflicted with
rheumatism," says Mr. J. C. Bayne,
editor of the Herald, Add ington, In
dian Territory, "but thanks to Chamn
berlain's Pain Balm anm able once .
more to atttend to business. It is the
best of linima~nts." If troubled with
rheumatism give Pain Balm a trial and1
you are certain to be more than pleasedj
with the prompt relief which it affords.
)ne application relieves the pain.
or sale ny Obear Drug Co., and all
JANDIES AND FRUITS-Call
The Vegetable Garden.
Too many otherwise success
ful farmers devote too little at
testi )n to the garden. One-half
acre of land can be mose profit
ably used for the home supply of;
vegetablEs than for any other pur
pose, for the intellgent and in-I
dustrious gardener can on it pro
duce all the vegetables a large!
family will require for a whole.i
year, and something can be had
out of it every month if the lans
have been rightly laid and the
labor properly done.-Hartsville
The best way to rid the system of a
cold is to evacuate the bowels. Ken
nedy's Laxative Honey and Tar acts
as a pleasant, yet effectual eathartic on
the bowels. It clears the head, cuts
the phlegm out of the throat, strength
ens the brouchial tubesrelieves coughs,
colds, croup, whooping cough, etc.
Sold by all druggists.
Man For the Job.
An Englishman claims that he
can measure the one-seventy mil
lionth part of sn inch. He should
be employed to report daily pro
gress on the Panama canal.
"We live in deeds, not years;
in thoughts, not breaths; in fee]
ings, not in figures on a dial. We
should count time by heart
throbs. He most lives who thinks
most, feels the noblest, acts the
best." Life never can be reck
oned by its years.-President
The best safeguard against headache,
constipation and liver troubles is De
Witt's Little Early Risers. Keep a
vial of these famous little pills in the
house and take a dose at bed time
when you feel that the stomach and
bowels need cleansing. They don't
gripe. Sold by all druggists.
A Cheraw doctor has discov
ered that the ankle is placed be
tween the foot and the knee in
order to keep the calf away from
the corn.-Hoss Editor in The
"This is the first time you have
been to prayer meeting in a long
time," said the pastor of a colored
congregation. "I had to come,"
replied Mr. Erasmus Pinkley.
"I needs strenght'nin'. I'se got
a job white-washin' a chicken
coop an' buildin' a fence round a
"Noah's wife," wrote a boy in
an examination, "was called Joan
of Arc." Water," wrote another,
" is composed of two gases, oxy
gen and cambrigen." "Lava,"said
a third, "is what the barber puts
on your face." "A blizzard, de
clared another child, "is the in
side of a fowl."-New York Trib
WANTDD-To Buy One Hun
dred Bushels of Peas.-M. W.
FOR RENT-My new four room
cottage on Moultrie street
Winnsboro. AppLy to F. M.
Gadsden, Rockton, S. C.
F OR SALE.--100 bushels
Florodora Upland Long Staple
(cotton Seed at $1.00 per bushel
F. 0. B. Ridegeway, S. C. Plant
the cotton that there is money in.
Got 15* cents for my 1905 crops,
and sold it on a falling market.
Send cash with your order.
J. J. McEachern, Longtown,
WANTED-To buy old United
States and Confederate stamps;
also old foreign stamps. Ad
dress us with particulars. Ban
nister Stamp Co., Georgetown,
S, C. 2-7-6t
FINE FARM FOR SALE--974
acres in Fairfield county, suita
ble for farming or stock raising.
Very cheap. The Carolina
Land Agency, Greenville, S. C.
Sale of Personal Property.
At the late residence of Miss L. R.
Macon, deceased, near Strother, S. C.,
at 1] o'clock A. M., on Saturday,
March 31, 1906, I will dispose of and
sell to the highest bidder, for cash, all
the personal property beionging to the
estate of said deceased, Miss L. R.
Macon. D. C. JAMES,
Trave i ng
PROPERTY NOT RETURNED.
reasurer's Books Show Collection of
Taxes on Property and Polls not
With all the precaution there
s by law for the proper return
>f all property, it would seem
hat it would be well nigh im
)ossible for any of it to go un
ssessed. In the first place the
tuditor goes from place to place
,n the county to give every one
he opportunity of making their
returns. While he is on his
counds, his office is kept open all
bhe while so that people coming
to town can have the opportunity
f attending to this all-important
matter. The returns, as made,
are then put in the hands of the
township assessors, who a r e
obarged with putting on the books
the name of any persons in their
respective townships who have
not made returns, and adding a
penalty of 50 per cent for their
failure to make said returns. The
county board of equalization
then goes over all the returns.
The auditor is required to furnish
the school trustees of the respec
tive districts with a list of ali
polls, returned from said district,
and the trustees are then required
to add the names of any polls not
found thereon. With all this
machinery complete r e t u r n s
should be had. But they are not,
at least so far as Fairfield county
is concerned, as is shown by the
following figures from the books
of the county treasurer. The
first column gives the number of
the school district and its loca
tion, the second the number of
polls who have paid their taxes
and for which there were no re
turns, and the third the value of
the property not returned, on
which taxes have been paid.
District. Polls. erty.
1. Feasterville 44 $ 4,416
2. Woodward 27 4,415
3. Gayden's 5 1,167
4. Wateree 11 160
5. Bucklick 15 2,171
6. Bear Creek 12 993
7. East Ridgeway 6 812
8. Smallwood 12 1,396
9. Greenbrier 54 701
10. Horeb 13 110
11. Jenkinsville 11 2,683
12. Stevenson 22 1,277
13. Rock Creek 9 984
14. Winnsboro 61 2,985
15. Monticello 8 445
16. Ridgeway 18 9,263
17. Mossy Dale 5 9'15
18. Bethel 10 480
19. Dawkins 9 400
20. Mitford 14 2,954
21. Buckhead 4~2 4,102
22. Longtown 20 1,756
23. Rabb 5 380
24. Simpson 15 1,496
25. Salem 6 523
26. Stover 5 480
27. Long Run 7 465
28. Hickory Ridge 6 595
29. Cedar Creek 3 15
30. Blythe wood 26 3,647
31. E. B,ythewood 3 417
32. Walla~ceville 2 735
From the above figures it can
be seen that the treasurer has
collected 508 polls, which were
not returned, and taxes on prop
erty with a valuation of more
than $50,000, the taxes on which
at an average levy of 13j mills
would be more than $700. The
total amount of taxes collected,
for which there were no returns,
is fully $1,200.
Do Not Be Imposed Upon.
Foley & Co., Chicago. originated
Honey and Tar as a throat and lung
remedy, and on account of the great
merit and popularity of Foley's Honey
and Tar many imitations are offered
for the genuine. These worthless imi
tations have similar sound.ing names.
Beware of them. The genuine Foley's
Honey and Tar is in a yellow package.
Ask for it and refuse any substitute.
It is the best remedy for coughs and
coldsb: McMaster Co.
The Printing Office.
The printing effice has indeed
.rvda better college to many
h oy', has graduated mare usefal
Lud conspicuous membersi of so
eiety, has brought more intellect
(out and turned it into practical,
useful chauiseis, a wakened more
minds, generi ated more active
and elevated thoughts, than many
if the lt. rary colleges of the
country. A boy who comamefrces
in suchi a school as the - printing
affice, will have his talents and
ideas brought out; and if he is
a careful observer, experience in
is profession will contribute
more toware an education than
:an be abtained in almost any
Indigestion is much of a habit. Don't
get the habit. Take a little Kodol
Dyspepsia Cure after eating and you
will gJui belching, puffing, pE.lpitating
rnd frowning. Kodol Digests what
yu eat and makes the stomach sweet.
Sold by all druggists.
The White Stone Springs Hotel
,vas burned Sauday. This was a
ine property and the meeting
>ace of the associations of this
nd neighboring States. It i
ery likely that it wsll be rebuil
nd that on a laager scale than
IONEY TO LEND. -1 have
some money to lend on real
estate security. Q. W. Rags
dnae 1..31 9t
MONEY TO LEND-on 1eal *4
estate. A. S & TV. D. Douglas,
LOST-The shawl lost at the
musical at Mrs. Woodward's *
residence has not been re
turned. I shall be under mavy
obligations to the ladies. who
were there with shawls, if they
will examine and see if they $
have the wrong one. A shawl
left that evening is in my keep- e
ing and will be returned to the 0
lady who claims it. Mrs. T. H. 3
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 0
COUNTY OF FAIRFIELD.
COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.
Andrew J. Mobley and Nathanial F.
Mobley, a lunaiic, by his Guardian
ad litem, Andrew J. Mobluy, and
Clarence W. Mobley, Plaintiffs,
The Winnsboro Bank, Defendant.
In pursuance ot an order of the 4
Court of Coninion Pleas made in the
above strted case, I will offer for sale
before the Court House door in Winns
boro, S. C., on the
FIRST MONDAY IN APRIL
next, within the legal hours of sale, at
public outcry, to the highest bidder
the following described property, to
"All that certain piece, parcel or
tract of land lying and being situate
in the;County of Fairfield and State of
South Carolina, containing 350 acres,
more or less, known as the 'Peters
Place,' on waters of Little River, and
bounded on the north by lands of J. S.
McKeown; on the east by lands of
Calvin Brice and lands formerly owned
by Misses M. and L. Woodward; on
the south by land of Lewis (reer; and
on the west by lands cf Nathaniel F.
TERMS OF SAI.E.
One-third of the purchase money to
be paid ih cash and the balance on a
credit of one and two years, in two
equal instalments, with interest, paya
ble annually, until the whole debt and
interest be paid, to be secured by the
bond of the purchaser and a mortgage
of the premises sold; or all cash at the
option of the purchaser, and the pur
chaser to pay for all necessary papers
and for recording the mortgage.
JOHN W. LYLES,
March 10, 1906. C. C. P.
if 3 on want quality, sweet
ness and the best melons.
that it is possible to grow.
Northern or Western-grown
seed doesn't begin to compare
when you consider the quality
of the fruit produced.
,Wood's Descriptive Cata'ogue
tells all about the best hinds to
plant. Mailed free.
We are Headquarters for
Cow Peas, Soja Beanz,
Sorghums, Millet Seed,
Ensflage Corn, Alfalfa
and all Southern Seeds. Write for
prices and Descriptive Catalogue.
T. V. WOOD & SONS,
SEEDSMEN, - RICHMOND, VA.
~Dra wing Power i
8 Of Big Ads. i
phin is one of the most suc
conr. He sells property
from aineto Californla and
has uil upan enormous bual
-ness by advertsin. In an ad
,dress befote the Spainz club of
New York he said:
S"I am a S:-m beR~ever in big
atZa. Like all big things,
~the big ad. nttracts atten
tion and producca an im-*
Spresstion through its size,
a.n impression which is en- .
tirely separate and apart #
from that produced by hts
contents, an imprisalon .$
which can b~e obtained no .4
S "Furthermore. the man with
Sthe l1ggest ai4. gets the erodit
for having thm biggest business,
z.and for "that resson a ,prettg
la.rge pereutage of thee ptih~e -
iwill patronizie him. They be~ 51
must be the best; otherwise it
would not be the biggest."
The Retailer azid Advertiser
says.: "A merehant eannot have ' l
too much publicity.- It is the
breath of life to merchandising.
SWithout 'lt a busine'a cannot
grow; it cannot evena exist
With inereased publicity comes
Sa corresponding Increase in
growth. And while pubficity .
continues to expand there is no e
danger of reaching a period 2
when the business will stop
We have notieed that the
big advertisers in this paper
do a big business. If you
would increase yours try the
T. K. ELLIOTT, JAM.ES Q. DA TIS,
Pr's5;(lrll. Cashiier. *
T. W. LA UPERDA F. 11. G. JOR D AN', 4
Vice.Prsic~clit. te ak
1Cbe Winnsboro kank.
WINNSBORO, S. C.
The good old Quaker once said to his boy:
-Nathan, it is not what thee rtads that takes
thee smart; it is riot %% hat thie( eats that miees
thee fat; ner what he earns that makes thee
rich, but what ihee SAV1%S."?
This saving-habit rcav be acouired tlrough the steady
use of a Saving- Account in our bank.
THE WiNNSBORO BANK
Pays 4 per cent on deposits in the Savings Department.
2 per cent on deposits in the Commercial Department.
Another shipment just in, 5-lb.
cans for only One Dollar. Try a can
and be convinced of its superiority,
Everything in Canned Goods
Meats and Vegetables. Let me sup
ply your wants in this line.
Karo Syrup in One Gallon Cans.
Remember that my stock of,,Heavy
and Fancy Groceries is always Fresh
and Full. Have your orders filled
S. C. JOHNSTON.
BIG SALE OF MATTING.
Big Stock of Matting at close prices. Be
sure to come here before buying.
Carpets and Rugs all at prices that will
make it worth your while to call here.
Can please you in a Cook Stove. A geod as
sortment to select from.
A carload of Pine Shingles just in. Building
material always -in stock.
J. 0. B OA G.
Do You Need d Mule?
Then come here
for it. You will
find just what you
want and at prices
that are right.
Come to see me
M. W. DOTY.
Fourteen of the most approved varieties of
unch and Pole Beans. Fresh and well selected
:ock. Plant ou'- Beans and have beans in abun
ince throughout the year.
We have handlcd Lan dreth's Garden Seed for the
st 15 years and have a fully supply suitable for this.
Landreth's Onion Sets.
Seed Irish Potatoes from a reliable seed house..
Golden Dent Corn.
Amber and Orange Sorghum Seed.
Now is the time to plant Tomatoes in hot beds..
*y Landreth's Earliest.
Early Cabbage Plants.
Phone No. 9. Under Winnsboro Hotelt