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li ads. iifis 'win th fret- (.:I -i fruit.
To oite who has alway- !i :h
North, the colored
ity, would be the mn : l ft
are of this CIut0hen - n (X
corner were groups 'f ::-n aml b'o' .
Lands in their pociew. -: in th
sunshine, women varring i s'
of laundryxi work oni 1r m14- *!::1.
and piekaninnies rollin- ail uilbling
everywhere. I reached the sTea'nIr
well satisfied with my si;ht of Charies
ton and at 2 P. I. we left the Harb'or.
The remainder of the day was bright
and although cool, we stayed on deck
until dark. We passed close to Fort
Sumter, so quiet and deserted, that
it was difficult to realize that the first
note of war was sounded from that
spot nearly half a century ago.
- The St. John's in Florida.
The next. day was bright, warm and
beautiful, and at 7 A. l. we enterti
the St. John's i lile in Florida, wi
its low banks. rnt ir''y d' %,il of inter
est. Reachinr Jack Iso:i e in the
morning we drove all o r the city,
saw the large new liotels, and somie
handsome dwelliags and ih. built-up
district over which the b i' fire had
swept. We took the train fur St. Aug
ustine-one of the dreams of my life
was to be realized-and role for more
than an hour through woods of the
long leaf pine, and the scrub palmetto,
then behold! the bay and the quaint
old city. State Senator S.-who was
in my husband's company during the
war, met us with his carriage, and his
hospitality was so impera: ive, that we
could but accept. ie owr's a pre;iy
place a little out of the city on San
Marco Avenue, where we spent a pleas
ant evening with him and his wife, and
the next morning he drove us all over
the old town, past the :uperb hotels,
the old Spanish houses-the oldest is
300 years-through the narrow streets,
the narrowest fi,:e feet wile, to the
barracks. and along the heattiful bay,
while beyond Anastasia Island lay the
Palms and Tropical Fruit.
"The Plaza" overlooking the bay,
teems with tropical growths, palms.
bananas, oranges, tree ferns, agaves
and many things I did not know. At
the end stands the old slave market.
'Then we drove to the Ponce De Leon,
where Senator and Mrs. S.-lunched
with us. This hotel is a vast Moorish
Palace covering acres of ground. One
enters through a massive iron gate; a
flight of steps leads to a veranda on
either side, with a large open court
in front, filled with tropical growth
bordered with verbenas, mignonette,
geraniums and roses in full bloom. In
the centre of this paved cour-t, a large
fountain is fed by bronze fr-ogs and
turtles, while the basin flashes with
splendid gold fish. A few steps5 lead to
the main verandas, the floor-s of which,
and all the corridors, are flawless mar
ble. The rotunda, rising to the roof,
is superbly carved in antique designs
of oak, while marble fire places contain
huge lighted logs resting on the mass
ive brass andirons. Very large pinlt
ings, which are masterpieces, hang on
the second floor of the rotundla. The
immense dining hall in the centre'of
the building must be seen to gather
any conception of its splendor. The
frescoing on the walls and ceilings
beggars description. Each side of the~
room is enclosed in glass, and the
guests gaze out upon the open grounds,
green as in summer time. The pillars
in this room are wonders of architect
Fairy Land Scenes.
The furnishings are magnificent. in
old gold, pale rose tints and pale blue..
One of the mantels is veritably a thing
of beauty; it is of white carved wood.
and rich pieces of 31exican onyx. with
a clock set in the onyx and with huge
brass andirons. The cost must have
been thousands. We came here in the
evenings to listen to the fine music in
the rotunda, and the court looked like
fairy land, lighted with many colored
incandescent globes hidden among the
plants. It was a charming scene. The
Alcazar opposite the Ponce, on the
other side of the beautiful square, filled
with all green plants, is a charming
hotel, built of c-oncrete; the Pon'-e is ee-''
crete with trimmings and coverings in
terra cotta. The Alcazar surrounds
a very large court filled with flowers,
in the centre of which is a large foun
tain always playing: windows open on
it, and a walk extends all around the
court. The first floor is used for stores
where tempting goods are displayed.
Across the street from the Aleazar is
the Cordova, with a small lighted court
in the office, filled with plants and
palms, and beyond, a small open court
where I saw my first banana plant
with ripening fruit. The parlors are
furnished in oriental designs and (lark
rich colorings. Massive carved pieces.
wonderful man iels. hrass tables bronzes
of rarest workmanship -and a thous
and thinus I haiven't thn -zprc' to no
tion everywthere mecet th~ .-ye. Te
three hotels with their wealth of
beauty. are a rare sight. In my next
letter I will take you to Anastasia
Island and futrther' south in this land
1TiIR UOF RAIN DROPS.
AS TRACED FR(IJ TIIE STORM
TO THEIR FINAL ENCGULEENT
I lI1E OCEAN.
Uncle Sam's Lxtensive Work in In
vestigating the Water Supply -
Great Subterranean Rivers-P'o.lu
tion of Domestic Water.
The history of the rain drops ani
theC S110W tiakeS frin)ill the0 tilmIe of th1:
furmation till iit merges with t he
ocan, to be again evaporated and re
p-at the process, is ofttines a long and
devious one. Some of the rain of
course falls back into the ocean; but
muich tils a tem.drary abit!.n' il'
on the tops of hi.h. inland mountains.
aln enjoys a yeart or uloro of t
: us~i1Efness before ito flaally reahcs
il nio01 bl o-'enn
The Govcr'nmet. i- deVoc rng :I n'
siamenerg4y to the ar.-uiI11.1ion
:nLd dissemti'on 't fa*s coilern
ing the behavior of water frn: theilme
it reaches the earth as rain or snow
until it. joins the ocean or great navi
gable rivers. Public apprei-iat ion of
tie valuc. of this work has steadily in
creased, and urgent demands for its
extension have come from all sections
of the country. The work includes the
collection of data relating to the flow
of surface streams, researches on the
localou and inoveelnits Vf under
ground4 waters.-great subterranean
rivers which move with delibheration
and the investigation of the physical
character of these waters, such as
hardress, color, turbidity, etc. The
soure -s and effects of the poiltit )r
munii-1pal water supplies have also
received much study.
Measuring the Stream's Flow.
As a neans of oh~inin relaible re
cords of st ram discharge in the im
portant river basins of the country.
approxiinately Ij gausing or iasur
ing stations are maintained by the
Government. The records furnished
by these stations are used by mani
facturers and investors in planning the
development of water power, by muni
eialitics in stu:lyingjproblemsof water
sipply, and by itrrigators in determin
ing the aila e whi h ea,. le re
laimed from desert ec:?litia..o andi 11.
crops which can safely be pl2!:teI.
They are also of great importance t)
engineers, who obtain from them data
for the study of many problems, such
as the relat'ion between rainfall and
run-off, the effects of forests upon
stream flow, the oe~urence and control
of floods. etc.
Throughout the eastern part of the
nited States the surface waters have
great value as a source of cheap power,
and the dema~nd for steam-gau;:ing
iata is constantly growing as manu
facturing enterprises are develoiped. In
densely populated sections, prol emsI
of water sup~ply and sewerage dis
posal have also beccme urgent and are
ften complicated by the fact that cities
nt only draw their supply of water;
from convenient st:reams, but int many
eases5 einpty t heir sewerai e into, them
as well. Ini stuch thiky settledI reions1
evenl smallI anid inistit nineant strennhs
ruust he utilized to theIr ftullst catpar
ity. In the t'entral States undet grountd
as well its surfatee waters are used for
both industrial andl inui elpal ptt~rposes.
RELIC OF BULL RUN..
A Small Monument Erected on the
Spot at the Time of the Battle.
This rude little monument stands
ol the bloodiest section of the Bull
Run battlefields about one thousand
yards northwest of the crossroads
at Groveton. The site of the maonu
ment is by the bantkside of the "old
railroad cut." Be-fore the civil war
a railroad was projected to run from
the Manassas Gap Railroad at Gains
ville, Va., northeast to Leesb urg,
crossIng Bull Run at Sudley Springs
The railroad was graded with a suc
cession of "curs" and "fills." from
Gainsville to Sudley. a distance of
about three miles. .No ties or rails bad
been laid when at the outbreak of
the war work stopped. In the second
battle of Bull Run, Jackson took up
his position along the line of railroad.
Back of Groveton the line ran
through a long low hill and this
"cut" was in the center of the ('on
federate line. Here the effort to dis
lodge JIackson was most stubbornI
ind thousands of Union soldiers fell
in the iin'sucssfutl attcemntt. A fier
A ppotator. when the Union army
was on the ma reb ba-k to Waishing
tn. many of the troopts returned by
war of the old Warrentown turnpike.
wIch runs through these bloody
fields. The bones of the Union sol-:
ders who fell there had tnot at that
thre been exhume-d atd taken to Ar
l'nta. The re-turningt veterans
p-usd long enough to erect and dedi
cate this monutmenr. It stands in
the woods in ati isolated place -and
ver few pnamna ever visilt it.
Hershe! a G reat Musician.
It wa no t be' generally known
tiat Her.eln- who in: spite of all oh
- --eane tiie greatest of as
t n.i io-rs. vas i i it brilliant mu
siLIn s wei_ , and in his earlier life
taught aiusic ana was tLe proprietor
and manager of the famous Bath Or
During the last half of the seven
tleenth century whilh- Herscliel was
wirminig undying farne, there flour
shed more great ien than in any
ut her vinual number of years during
the two centuries.
A partial list includes the names
of LBenjamain Franklin. iox. Pitt and
Burke, the great English barristers;
HIume and Gibbon, the great histo
rians; Watts, the inventor of the
steam engine: Sheridan and Garriek.
the play actors and writers; Gains
borough, West and Reynolds, the
painters: Voltaire, the French author
and critic: Paine. the French atheist;
Blackstone. the greatest of legal au
thorities: Goldsmith. t he poet: the
Duke of Wellington: George the
Third of England. and our own im
HOTELS FOR WOMEN NEEDED.
Crying Need in New York City, De
clares President of Little
"There are only three ways open to
thv New York working girl whose wage
earning capacity is $- a week and
who is dependent on herself for sup
port-she may starve, go to destruc
ion, or commit suicide."
Mrs. Ciarehce Burns, president of the
Little Mother's Association flung this
;ombshell into the convention of the
New York Federation of Women's
"The crying need of New York City,"
continued Mrs. Burns, "is Mills hotel3
for working wonyn.
"There are 255,732 wage earning
women in New York. These figures
do not include the women in various
professions. Of thcse wage earners
22,708 are saleswomen. Their earnings
verage $5 a week. A woman can bare
ly live on that and keep herself respect
able. The women and girl boxmakert;
aumber 3,094. This is the poorest paid
rade in the city-. Three dollars a week:
s the average wage paid. No woman
an support herself on such a sum un
es she lives in her parent's home and
ays no boar-1.
"New York must give these girls and
vomen respectaLie. comfortable living
laces within their means. It remains
or the Federation of Women's Clubs
o. make some strong organized effort
'a start this thing. It will he no trou
de to e5eblish these cheap, comfort
.ble hciels or.re we can convince peo
>liC of the need."
Tihe Dead Scu of .America.
The Creat Salt Lake. Utah, has a
ength of seventy-five miles, a width
f thirry-five miles, and a circumfer
ne of 291I miles. it includes six is
ands, the largest having a length of
ixten miles and a width of five
iles. with a peak rising to the height
f ;2,oui feet above the level of the
ake. The' water is of such density that
ersons can float in it easily; its
eaxi Sea. The wate~rs of the Great
Salt Lake are gradually receding from
the shore line.
THE FAMOUS CAl
Deception in the preparation of our
foods not only is the stock-in-trade of
the manufacturer, hut large hotel
keepe's are guilty also. Wise, indeed,
s the man who can tell when he is
eating canvasback duck. There is ap
arenly but one way to distinguish
the canvasback. and that is by the eel.
ery flavor imparted to its flesh. The
celebrated ducks of the Chesapeake re
gion and those of Wisconsin are noted
for this flavor, the former living al
most entirely on an aquatic weed
known as wild celery, and the latter
upon the extensive celery fields of the
Wolverine State. And yet the owner
of the hotel saves money when he has
the common duck fed and fattened on
elery; served on the table its flavor
s the same a the wild bird.
A GL4T SUGAR BEET.
O'Shannasy Raziies a larvel
I hrough iccidert.
"Thot shtory av Cindarella guIn' th'
tha ball in a puinkin," said O'Shan
nasy. -aint wan car'umstance t' pawat
hapipen'd out ne way in Colorado wid
shnugar batts. Now ye moind, shugar
oates sometimes grows big, an' th'
Jigger ye grows thim th' more money
ye are shure t' get from th' facthry.
iBut, me farm down by th' Gunneson
..ad all th' ither farms in th' Sthate
nate t' dith s' far as size av shugar
bates was consarned. Why, don't ye
knaw thot th' wather av thot river
is richer'n sthrong likid manyure, an'
whin I uses ut for arygatin' me farm,
somehow'r ither I do be afther strap
pin' down me plants, they grows so
But, 'twas lasht year thot somethin'
remarkable happen'd on me farm 'way
off in wan corner. Why, don't ye
knaw som-how'r ither a shugar bate
sade got mixed wid th' soil an' growd
so quick wid th' rich arygatin' Gun
nison wather thot I didn't get th'
chance t' sthrap it down. Yis, sir,
an' whin it got so big I says t' meself,
says I, I'll let er go clane throo t'
Chinay; I'm goin' t' see jist how
big th' bloomin' bate kin grow. An'
would ye belave it, whin th' toime
came t' gather in th' crap, 'tho I
hatel t' do it, it took nearly me lasht
eint buyin' foire hundred pounds av
linimite t' blow thot bloomin' thing
out'er th' groun'. An' thin 'twas a
sight t' see. 'Twas sphlit into big
paces. an naybur Smith was so good
as t' bring over his saw mill an' we
rigged up his gaserline injin an' by
next mornin' had cut up that bate
into thirty-foot slabs. Now, I only
OWned five t:ines and naybur Siih
had three, so we had t' go t' me ither
naburs until we had thirty-three double
team wagons filled up t' tops wid
good shugar bate planks. I can tell
ye we was th' gran' sight whin we
drew up t' th' factry at Rocky Ford.
"Well, whin th' factry people wint
ahead an' made th' shugar from thot
bate they found it phwat ye cali a
"Shugar Countent" as high as forty.
foive per cint. Ye knaw oranary bates
are good whin thay give twenty per
cint shugar and the Argricultural De
partment calls the coeffycient of pur
ity in thot shugar was somethin' grInt'.
Faith, didn't th' facthry people com
plain aftberwards thot their customers
found fault wid th' shugar made from
th' bate (they made two car loads from
it ,I belave) because 'twas so swate
'twas so swate thot half a tayspoon
would swaten a quart av coffee.
"Yis, sir, an' th' factry people didn't
want th' poolp, afther thay had taken
th' shugar out av it, rottinin' in th'
buildin' an' bein' as thay didn't have
th' room t' sthore it outside. thay
paid me foire dollars th' load t' haul it
away, which same I did. Now, phwat
did I do but tal:e th' stuff back t'
me farm an put it .n me tilve silos.
Thin I scoors th' counthry an' buys
up 2013 had av catItle, wid th' money
I gets from th' facthry people, an' fat
tens thim up on th' poolp. Thin I
ships thim back t' Chicago, afther I'd
fatten'd thim, an' I gets two toims
as much as I pays for thim.
"Not countin' th' money I gets for
th' bate an' th' cattle, I tell ye I
made money th' next spring furnish
in' ar'.-ratin' wather t' me nayburs
from th' i-ize'voor I made out av th'
hold th' bate made in th' groun'. I
tell ye arygatin' is a success in Col
orado. This year I be goin' to plant
Come aroun' some time an' I'll
tell ye how I onct lived in a wather
melon growed on me farm, 'Tis n
To Rouse by Phonogiaph.
Clocks are now being made which in
stead of striking them, speak the
hours through an ingenious application
of the talking machine. The Inven
tor has made clocks with speaking
discs of various kinds to serve as
alarms. You can be awakened by the
vigorous crowing of a cock or the
sound of a well-known voice. They
are arranged to call out In various re
gree of modulation, some loud enough
to rouse the soundest sleeper. As
alarm clocks, they should in time su
persede all others, for the discs can be
changed as often as the fancy dictates,
so that the sleeper will not become so
familiar with the call as to continue
his slumber, as often happens In the
use of the ordinary clocks with bells.
The shores of Chesapeake Bay
abou~nd p)lent ifully in wild celery
the chief article of diet of the canvas
back duck. The plant grows entirely
under water, and the duck, in order
to obtain the buds and shoots of the
plant, must, at times, remain under
water as long as two minutes, Then,
too, they often lose the choice morsel,
for the baldpate lies in wait ready to
snatch it from the diver. The poor,
misguided canvasback is easily be
guiled to its death by the waiting gun
ner throu.:h the use of decoys moldeI
of wood or other light material. But
if wounded by the shot of the rifleman
all its energy is aroused. Hit, It drops
into the water, and, diving, swims un
der water for immense distances in
nrder t ecapne the retriever.
THE ANGLE LAMP
is not an improvement on the old style lamp, but an entirely NEW
METHOD) of burning oil which hai made common kerosne
(or coal oil) the most satisfactory of all illumiinants.
And when we say satisfactory we mean satisfactory-not an illuminant that merely
gives a brillant light, but one that combines brilliancv'with soft. restful. pleasing qual
ity; that is c.nvenient as gas, safe as a tallow candle; and yet so economical to burn
that in a few months' use
IT ACTUALLY PAYS FOR ITSELF
The ordinary lamp with the round wick, generally considered the cheapest of all
lighting methods, burns but about 5 hours on a quart of oil, while The Angle Lamp
burns a fulll6 hours on the same quantity. This, even where oil is cheap.soon. malounts to
more than its entire original cost. But in another way it saves as much-perhaps more.
Ordinary lamps must always be turned at full height, although on an average of two
hours a night all that is really needed is a dim light ready to be turned up f'lCl when
wanted. A gallon of oil a week absolutely wasted, simply because your lamps cannot be
t urned low without unbearable odor. Allthis issavedinThe AngleLamp,forwhether
burned at full height or turned low. it gives not tho slightest trace of odor or smoke.
You should know more about the lamp, which or its convenience and soft, restful
lght. might be considered a luxury were it not for the wonderful economy which makes
it an actual necessity. Write for our catalogue '15" fully explaining this newprinciple
of oil lighting, and for our proposition to prove these statementa by
30 DAYS' TRIAL
When onch people an ex-Prr..ldent Cleveland, the lloekefeller.. Carneaie. and tbonmigads
ofthrrx. after tr- Ing The Angle Lump, find It profitable to rip out gao and electrie light i
turepa to throw away ga,.oline nd acetylene outfitm or ordinary laump., it I surely worth your
~hil.' to mnd a pen.ny poit.. to fiina out about It.
Writo for Catalogue 'T%' fistan :,. %'' ~cties fromr $1.90 up anti our booklet. "L ghtlnir and Common I
Sens," wheih givm you the benvilt of our ten years* of experience wih a , inso lighting method&.
THE ANGLE MANUFACTURING CO., 78-80 MURRAY ST., NEW YORK
is 2% ieet long, weighs 2
TH M AIR RIFLE lbs.: elegantly finished,
steel barre, all working parts nickeled; walnut stock, pistol grip
peep sights; used indoors or for killing small game; shoots B shot and darts;
most accurate rifle made. Send us your name and address for only 20 pieces of
Jewelry to sell at zoc. cacb, return $a.oo when sold and we will send this rifle at once and a
supply of shoC. COLUMBIA NOVELTY CO., DepL12 , East Boston, Mass.
Ce BASEBALL OUTFIT
given SHIRT is American League pattern. Hand
some gray flannel, extra good quality materi
al, perfectly made, very full and long,
sleeves loose at shoulders, butten at
wrists, extra button on collar; double
neckband and shoulders. All sewing
double seamed. Pants very strone,
padded or unpadded just as you prefer,
lar e hip pocket, legs and seat full
and shapely, silk elastic garter at knee,
fly front. Will give satisfactory wear
for years. CAP, Pittsburg National
shape. long double visor. made of best
flannel, full lined and first-class in every way.
Belt is made of strong webbing with patent clasp.
~ ~We Also Cive a Catcher's Mitt
.-C' ABSOLUTELY FREE
* .-',With the four-piece Outfit
For Selling Only ~2 Dozen Pieces
*/' of New Swell Art Jewelry, consisting of Gold
VV'I ~ ' ~ Plated Articles (regular 25c goods), which you
Send can sell at 10 cents each. Everyone will be glad to
buy one or more. Send us your name and address;
All we will send you the jewelry and trust you with it
Pre- until sold. When sold return our $2.40 and we
will send the complete outfit without the slightest
riliuus ,~ delay. Remember we give you the complete outfit
7:~~ including the glove. Write today. Address
out FRIEND SUPPLY CO.
P~iay'~ -1 Washington Street, Dept.741, Boston, Mass.
P HOT OG RA P HERS.
Throw Away Your Bottles and Scales
and use the M. P.C.C. photographic*
preparations only. a we do the
weIghing and you add the water.
~ N. P. C. C. SEPIA TONER
* * * O' Black and white prints on developing
DEVELOPER paper may be re-developed at any time
Nonpoisonous and will not stain the to a perfect sepia. 25 cents for six tubes.
fingers. 25 cents for six tubes, sufficient FR EE SAMPLE
for 24~ ounces developer for Velox, Cyko, of N. P. C. C. Developer and Sepia
Rotoxc and oth-er dev eloping papers, or Toner sent on receipt of ten cents in
6o ounces plate or film dev eloper. stamps to cover postage and packing.
NATIONAL PHOTOGRAPHI6 CHEMICAL COMPANY
11Ith Street and Pa. Ave., N. W. Washington, D. C.
TH-E NATION'S BRIDE.
Latest Copyrighted Imperial Size Portraits of the President's
Daughter, Mrs. Nicholas Longworth (nee Alice Roosevelt).,
A Magnificent Souvenir of the Greatest of White House Weddingse
Published by authority of Miss ROOSEvELT.
These exclusive photographs have been reproduced in copper engravingsand
printed in sepia on special tinted paper, suitable for framing.
Arranged in large panels as shown in accompanying illustrations,
5 poses in Ball Dress, size 12 x 36 inches,
5 poses in Street Dress, size 12 x34 inches.
Now selling in New York City for $1.00 each. Our special offer (edition inedJ
Either panel 25c., or both panels 40c., postage prepaid.
Address NATIONAL PHOTO-SOUVENIR CO.,
Lock~ Box 6z, WASHINSTON, n. C.