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"The Little Runt"
President Castro's Rise to Power and
His Sinister Significance. :
By Eugene P. Lyle, Jr.
- f ERE is the story c' Castro's crushing defhat near Valencia,
when, alone, wounded, he waited only the summons from
T -President Andrade to give himself up. This does not resem
ble a unanimous country back of him. But around Andrade
tlere was a quarrel. Matos and one ..lendoza left the cal)i
tal with 20,1,00 men and brought back Castro as president.
No one was more surprised th'n Castro himself.
le had certainly never dreamed of such a thing, when,
at the order or another, with sixty men he raised the stand
ard of revolt in the Andes and began a march of hundreds of miles. He may
have hoped to become a general and thus join Venezuela's great majority: but
tc be president. never. He was not even the village leader, but rather. the vil
lage dancer. Its father was of the Indian class. The boy learned the sports
af the Llanos, and is yet an excellent horseman.
He worked in the village store, and ihere, it is said. waited on his future
:ife. According to the story. sh- was the servant in the home of a village
merchant. The merchant's wife, after a formal assurance of the young man s
intentions. ",ave hini leave to pursue his courtship in her kitchen. Marriage
follcwed. .Mrs. Castro is known as a lovable woman-kind, plain, thoroughly
respectable. But the Curacao tales. describing her husband as the most cyln
ical of libert xies. do not leave her much room for happiness.
The State of Tachira, in the Andes. is the very regio for turbulene and
Castro in those -arily days had his full share. 'fTnere was a revolution, and he
fouM himseif exiled. Another time it is said. he killed a policeman and again
sought refuge. (itlier in Colombia or Curacao. lH served once as a congress
man. Several yiars hfore his own revolution he took a liking for history and
read widly about Naimleon. It was just enough learning to be a dangerous
Tlhe daer came when he rose to his position. This means that he rose
to its in the fullest. most sinister sense of the word. The lpresident of Ven
ezuela has always been the owner of Venezuela. No one can understand con
ditions there until this is understood. The absolute owner may also be a
common crimiiinal. wh all the criminal's instinct, wlhether murderous. avari
cious, lecherous or1 merely spectacular. Let the reader try to imagine this one
thing. if he can, for otherwise he will never accept the -tuth about \'enezucla.
It is too incredible.-World's Work.
' Electricity and Clouds '
By A. H. Lcid.ao.
P. GIBSON of Salisbury. N. C., has :som .zaguliar ideas in
regard to electricity and clouds. What h. calls the glazed
Ja)pearance of one of the peaks of a thunder-cloud is simply
the reflection of sunlight from frozen vapor. The light
slants from the peaks to his eyes, so that certain peaks show
what he calls a glazed appearance- and other peaks do not,
because lg..t is reflected at a different angle.
After a :ew remarks he calls the glazed peak a flattened
out peak without assigning a cause. A peak of a cumulus
cloud might be flattened by a high wind. which would always be likely to flat
ten more than one peak. It is not likely to be flattened by atmospheric weight,
as that is about five pounds less on every square inch of such a peak than it
is on the earth. Nor is it likely to be flattened by the weight of frozen vapor,
because that is lighter than the unfrozen vapor. What Mr. Gibson calls "the
squeezing of the nodules of vapor" might be done by an external positive cur
rent of electricity, since ice, frost and snow are all negatives; but that effect
would not be limited to one peak. Neither would lightning start from those
There is no doubt that a fall of rain makes the air a better conductor of
electricity, but after the discharge of electricity there is a heavier rain than
before. It is also true that lightning is frequently delivered from one part of
a cloud. It is the same with hail.
The i-eference to Franklin's experiment with the kite was unfortunate, as
modern meteorologists know that the results which Franklin obtained tunder
a thunder cloud can be obtained under a clear sky. The same electrical action
which created the cloud electrified the kite. Electric currents are everlasting
ly active in the atmosp~here overhead. A thunder cloud is encircled by a sea
of accumulated electricity, which is the matrix of the storm. Men traveling
high in mountain regions are occasionally so controlled by the electric behav
ior of the clouds above them that they are compelled to lie down until the
climat has passed.
Clouds arec classified as minerals, being formed and dissipated tinder sim
ilar- chemical and electrical :aws.
Value of the Submarine
pbd~frib-~jfr By Lawrence Y. Spear. *''Me"""M ''$
ARADOXICAL as it may seem, the possibilities of the sub
marine are much better known than are the possibilities of
a battleship. In a broad sense they are the least experi
mental type of warship. This will be readily understood
w~hen it is remembered that the submarine is the only type
of vessel practically immune from gun-fir-e when in action.
The effect of gun-fire upon a ship and its personnel is a
most tuncertain and difficult proble:.m which the designer or
tactician has to solve, as best he may, without experimental
No amount of discussion can, in the end, obscure one great fact regarding
the submarine-that is, her ability to approach a battleship in broad daylight
and force the latter to retire, or accept disablement or destruction. This is
the essence of the matte". All other considerations are by comparison non
essential. This limitation curtails the battleship's control. That, in final
terms, is what the submarine can do now, and that is enough.-Harper's
i Much.:Needed IReforms
i Life:Insurance Business
..eb. By Louis WDindmuller. er
***p.++++++ URTHER disastrous shrinkages may be expecte'd unless man
****..*e agers of life insurance companies take some such timely
p . measure as the following to restore confidence and to at
*v-rct new buisiness.
I________ . Sell stocks and secturities the values of which fluctu
uate, investing proceeds in first mortgages on improved city
*e****~9Q*realty for two-thirds of its marketable valtue. Savings of
*...M the thrifty should not be exposed to the risk of speculation.
2. Dispose of superfluous buildings acquired in all parts
of the world to advertise business, and invest likewise. Policy-holders care
for absolute safety more than for marble halls.
3~. Cut down salaries and o'ther expenses. The measures taken by the
Equitable do not go far enough; retrenchment should be instituted by every
other com.pany which tioes not, want to become the target of criticism.
Owners of mutual policies are entitled to a yearly statement of the details
and results of the business in which they are interested, just as much as
holders of stock in banks, railroads, and industrials. Managers who find a
disclosure of these dletails distasteful should quit the business.-Forum.
For Believers in a "Hoodoo."
Opie Read is very superstiiouxs. TOO ID
While on a readint; tour with Be Arclsnomg hufu fKe
King. the poet sud(denly died at Bowl- Wa peighsaombe
ing Green on the night he r'ecited -"Ietavntt'sflOcl
I Should Die Tlo-nigh' Commentin ,a mutoueh
on the incident Read said: "There O h od o ei i:
was a rious01 chain of circumstances
that night. It was the 13; th of the Ahnsm on adno il
month. i'. was the thirteenth town of Rsle ob rse i nstl
our tour. thirte-n sat down to the S h ucae il oe
table with us at supper, and thirteen Lsesosadlsecoe
dlarkles. thinking that Ben andl I were Thn odedwat aetemn
goin.g to give a~ minstrel show, sat iD mse
the frontfroheof ahdbalcony."is -iud.
WITH TH[ LAWMAK[RS
What is Being Done Day by Day By
the National House and Senate.
Tillman Reports Rate Bill.
The Senate continited conideratio
o ihe railroad (ue1sti',n by listeniiing
to the readinim :f a relprt on the
liwiue bill by 3ir. Tillbn and to a
sp(eehll 1 that flentire by 3ir. Xel
Mr. 'Tillnai *s l'i a't was read at
the reg :tsi of 3r. .\ldri'h. who said
that he '.is 'riolus to lear lie opin'
i"n. of tl6 Soti ll rollunt Sellior.
Brief attellitoll was lvei to the
niessage 'f th6 lreshilent raiiismitt1iig
tlie lett ') i le retl'el a W ar
lchil ire I a the leceil1 ?lorti lial ie.
3%Ir. 13<-1: spo3k of the killing.1 of tIhe
3loro as -slanar'' and .lr. ld,,le
depreented vrilielilu1 until t.fat
slioillil he liltlt
The 11'-1(5 r in iin the in
illoli V ' : iiliistel' aitllis ill c11
'itli'll wIlli its ii1\ ti0'.:1e01i of <-har
;es - 1 lise illlinal ti iad' :ln. :lin i
iihlroads -u,\'s :itlo}ed wNitlioili .est r
ill,- to Ile foirnailit y -f reilirin. its
reference to cliinniltee. ..Alr. Stolne s
1,t'so1lioll iiet l!'n1 :111 ::ltj',irY iitfo
tlie .I shi pa' leg lillt'll, rlilings onl
the aillis-,i1n ,f' vetillt_,( ]ililliali's
to Ilie 11111s a- s''e l 1 "la1s liialle' :
hill and wwm her semi-prit;i blls
Thle reMr fMr. Tilln rl emoieIl
Iw Iirst 'lear anld coicise statement
or lii 31e.it'ens cicel'nting e3t1t rv -
viewv t'eiu1 tes ald 331ler ] Plrop)sed
linte11dmillis that 1ad niad'! a Unani
1:mils re[mart from lie a-inittee iln
WXithoui liesitailev. Illie Sev:aiol' (le
elired it 10 be his belief that the bill
should be :zineided. bntl that tmiead
inilts shoild not be of a ar'liiacter 1)
lilpair 11r preveli li e ll ac 1lplishliellt
Af tWhe objmee s ol. t lie legislat ion. whiclh
are set I .r Il best, lie says. ill the
Presideits msessagre to (Oigngress. Ile
cip1haized the ied A. r::ardng the
measure as ni-part isian. but predict
ed that the issue created will be para
1mount in the iext presidential eee
IM r. Tillman prefaced his report by
speaking of the peculiar vircumstan
ees ruling the coimittee s aetions on
the House bill. which made it an em
barrassing task to submit views that
woUld be coineurred ii by the com
mittee as a whole.
AxN U~N~ill-ED ENTEDI SITUVA
*I ustetul of beillg amended ini co11
mittee as is uisual.'' .he( r'eport said
''3o :s to roillinalid as a wlhole thle
endorselnent and support Of1 a aOri
tv of its m elnbers. the bill was brought
inito the Senate in a formn not. entirely
sat isfactory to more thani two mnem
"This lac'k of harmony amongli 11h0
suppoi3rters of the hill-it would be
spieakuig'with miiore atccutracy to say
the suipporters 01 the policyV iinvolvedi
in thle bill-brings about thle atnomaul
ouls situationl in which a member ot
the miniority party in Congress is put
in charge in the Senate of propjosedl
legislation which is generally regarded
throtughoutt the 'ounltrym ats thle eish
ed scheme of the Presidett with
whose general policy andl~ principles
that member is not) inl accord. At the
sameU timel the bill is des:inatedl to
c'arry int~o. effect his own lonfl
cherished convict ions a:n1i thle thrice
reiterated demands of the partyv to
which he belongs.
Emiphasizin~g the claim that this
conidition is withlout precedent in leg
islative history, Mr. Tillman says it
brings into proin'iilenee the fact that
the legislation is non-par'tisan and is
so recognizezd as a result of the un
animious suipport given it by the miu
nority in the House and the few op
posing--onlly seveni-in that entire
PUBLIC DEMAND PASSIONATE.
There would follow a "ecyclone of
passionate resentment,'' said Mr. Till
man, in p)redict ing what would be the
result of. failure 3)n the par't ofi Con
gress to meet the widesp~readl dlemand
for railroad rate legislation. lie de
clared that "woe will be the lhar
vest'' of any member of the Senate
or House whiose work in formulating
a bill1 to regulate railroads lacks eairn
estness or' honesty o)f puripose and who
shall seek to belittle the quest ion or
kill the bill hy subt erfug~e and~ dlecep
ion. The const ititutioni gives to Con
gress the power to regulate tile rail
roads, lie contended and there aire
many wrongs to right.
The bill as it comnes fromi thle Hlouse
Mr. Tiliman characterized as loosely
worded and capab~le ofi differenit iln
"Massacre of Mt. Dajo."
The additonal powec.r which Presi
dlent Roosevelt sugested shoul b~e
iven the inter-State commnterce comn
n-.ission in makinz the special inivesti
nationi into the coal and oil industry
as related to tr'ansportationi was 'giv
eni by the Hlouse in the paissage of the
Townusend resolutioni on that subject.
The session, which was ended at 3
t 'clock so that the Republican c'auicus
mighlt be held, was devoted to gener'
uil dlebate 01n the legislative bill.
Severe eriticism of the recent bat
ie ~in the Philippinies was made by
Mr. .Jones of Virgini a, who declared
that the killing of women and childrten
was a disarace to the nation. Mr.
Williams, the minority leader, facetit
cusly instructed'' the Republicans oni
their causetus, and Mr. Keifer. of
Ohio, (delivered a speech in favor of
reducing Southern representation in
MAY SIGN BY DISTRICTS
General Strike is Made Highly Im
probable by Decision of Union Of
ficials to Regard Resolution of For
mer Convention as Eliminated
From Consideration by Present
Indianapolis. S -eial.- 11 -:lit !
stated ;itIi ritively th_ tw niriials
of the Inited Mine Workirs I. Am
eri-.I have decided to allow the lvNya
resoluition to be eliniiatd r n the
e 4iside'atifI aL141 will :!,'[ :ll)in ille
asu ptioln thiat t he .al tle l hill 4!, i le
et4'v r of I' 1lie seaI eoluini- tce l1.s vir
Itualy repealed the rin-'itiin wh.ic
prevelitt-d 4)11' district I i i -ttliiitngc
ti! aill dlistrviet! II;ld ein* *l' . l a re
Illiwis I'l! 11(111
Ailt ls n -f V I'toln~ii (l 'l t '.f t h e
till s ill ii l al wIIv' 4 ! t I if)
i'fti if'I. a li it n j tOin IIhI ts a I a l
lyn n' luion wi :- go'iily ii 1
are rg estil l 1,4 till Ili%i! :f u Lho t
co Hlic llent. 'il111v . f i lii l Id, il!'
leadiers wisth iui -rernc to in 441 liti''
l'V(*sol Il t'll w ill en l k:i ' ii. 'l ir
allIl l1ilnerS to) dl l b)y it s it*
tl r t- i i4 ' itis Il t i111 i t'n*
ueli f i rt1d111 lw . 1111 i !. ' dI 'I.
31r.t i't . L. !Jtbbin : lnit it i1hi oper
ino.s wmii fie sining~ h?v l i' a
by the l h oftil. mbo-vi-: I ":w wor ir .
theth-tl defe n kfC II. .\loe. \\. le
11l4ywood and1.1 Pttibone Illivt-rs
I Itre Neteril I ,tileri lie d lei r .
wh t14 arv e ndr indieu t. I lah!4.
Ore th UnspirUy.brellas
veltion dp Ma so lui. fal o r
t1n- w aients alg Tr ll l ti vlta l'i. a
urens al ire ( I tril l v'. iH fvor olit
t ,e reso1. th ! it Vo id I(. sIr
oies of the hstaler njFetderan
wa bffre hVFrank la e. ee
gae from llin11ois. Thev rl niion161
wvas supportr 114 on ! the .bn hy Presi
d4elt iliitchc and Vep l.e,iVic h-le
Le wr i S. Th eet. r ae iivebr wa S
atllitri l I l peld adit4 illtal )(1,i;-:
fir thle defenSe lf' the mern if irh
ma1tnr onld (e neeel.
TIhe convention then do-ned ell
Ptrik Nbeartly 1.00 ofe theue delgs 15
later n hd ('411111 iln the f. a trk
Operated Under Umbrellas.
B iddefon. ( a.ie. Spec.ial-- ev was
teen patients at Trull her:ospital ini ibis
city 'were removed tolr 1lli bd
duin a e ire which det y alit(1 t r
thn ofs the buili n _.1l a 11e sur
oers-atinua femabIle paftiSIm vwile
he cireme wer a wr( ndw1ll
umbrellas Cotto heloste Firerat
ing tale hltown t he'1l n wvat~e whic
wnas. eag It n t hoelatit 4om
frthe upper iparts olh uldn. 7.
Whlen othe 411 surgeo seho haded
covred.]1 hads h omlotSfied rte
successfI.fully ihaiientvd. e i~e
Eoarnings a of the meildn Tbac
~othe darl.~5 in the eder . 9turt i
was ivet t the 1ieI tl estuimem 5fft' in
tan ti ex ehxrt founta. and no 1 even4'
rthe wa the endre 4acd. Whe Oithe~
hourii 9.8.9( o for(flosing thisteve in w
etad and it is.8( expcte 4 that 1~ iisf
crss-ex1.amm~ae by: the defens wil!
Sh000 ottong aehusl Fre
Tocea \4a'., Spial .- 3ir of an c h
aun1nowes Thiin desre(.i'1d thee as
cotonpar and alosarlldehvIotuse
Inmn. Akerhs &ufle lua. hef lnt oflit
ther tlnt a b'ollessi' omny. Ii 00\i
freiht ears. Th alos instpe ati v
$150r0l Goredly Dnueatd.Cw
Nrwttork. Specia.-mna.t earn
dergater of Mr.s0.5$ :trDy cmar-d
with te prevtl y iiouSer coe Non the
teet anna reorto the .\mericas
Tobacco 4) ompany.istse he41 nIotlalie
diod thevea yea s 1.24.. inceahic
Phiapi a's998.9 for bIjdirtha(4
Puld andk ann04i.4d0tfo iedtion
plmrant oac, invoin milis of5.
olars. awaed to Dr. J.Nihirs. ie
TOUS REQUEST BLANKS
Says That He Cannot Enforce the
Law Without the Assistance of Ex
Columbia State. 11th.
On and after Monday the whiskev
and beer dispensaries of the city will
,se request books and every purchas
er of supplies at any of the dispensar
Les will either sian the request book
>)r should a note be sent the note nmst
tate the facts and must be signied by
:he name of the party wis-hing the
oods. This is the order issued by ' the
Ricliland county board of contrld and
:s a result. County Auditor Gibbes has
written a letter to the governor stat
in that it will be impossible to carry
itt the provisions of the dispensarv
law relating to his ofiee and at the
ame time attend to Ihe tax1business.
Mr. Gibbes states that this is the first
time lie has beenl asked to isso' these
request books and that he wais somne
what surprised at the numbe-r isked
for bv the Mispnser. 3Ir. Gibbes
-:yvs that if' the law i. ,tri'tly en
.orced it would mean an I eina clerk
in the oliire o f' every ct:ly auditor I
in he State where there were dispen
TIhe letter sent the .'hvernor by the
-ounty :iduitor' is as feollows:
Hln. D. C. Hfeyward, oenr Co
hun11bia. S. C.
Ieal Sir: For the first tim since
I have been in olfice. the couniv hi-ard
)f con1trotl has requlested mw. to issue
reyuest books to count dispensers.
Thev h1.1d been 'iisvarded I long' !Iefore
the inumbene Ol sid board Sir my
lf'. as it had been Jond inworactica
ble to enftoree this featire f he law
with a business of far less m::;nitsude
;i hiebl!ad than its present volume.
htouild I have to comply striily with
lie reltiremtents of the di peinsarv
aw. iiivovin!g- a grross bIsiiIess of Somne
.400.000. 1)i'trbably (our loal lrofitS
are iiow amounting to more hli1 9,
900 per annmn) tlieIe would be literal
ly 1no tieic for attendiing to '1le more
important aid regular dities of my
)flice. At my own expense 1 now em
.Iloy a clerk whose aid is necessary
as a tax otlicer.
It is out of the oniest ion fotr me to
meet the expens iof another c('lerk to
look after the dispensary affairs as
zpecitde in law.
This law is the same as originallv
raiied before it was realized to what
miag'nitude the business would grow.
a1l is entirely unsuited to and i
possible of executioni here itider pres
I am issuing these books in bulk to
dispensers. and even this method in
volves serious interruption to my in
portant work of compiling tax returns,
making up abstracts. and preparing
data for my boa rds of assesors
Therefore I ask that, if it is to be in
sisted that all the Drovisions of the
law shall be carried out through this
W->ie, as to issuiug, datinig. ehtecking~
and~ receiltinag for reqjuest books. sup
er-vising settlements, etc.. t hat some
wa i be femndm 'f authorizing~ the coun
Ivylboard of cent rel to furnish mec with
a special elsk for periforinu thbest
Otherwise I shall be forceed to4 large
ly disregard the dispensaryv law. or 141
nielet and~ disregard myv dtieis its
Truisting t hat yon marii deiie somel
wny to rlie've an~ ipossible situnat ion
iaused byV thle passage of' felish atn
iconsistteni laws, I am
Your-s veryv iruly.
. W. II. (ibbs.
.\uditor- for flichlanid.
As the letter- was only sent Satur
day t he tzovernor has not taken t he
tiiatte'r up Vet.
couniity boar-d said( Satu~rdayv that the
ordei(r was issued on 3arc.h S ait a
meet ing of the board. and that it was
the intention ofi the boarild to see that
the law is carried out. The dispenser-s
say that it wmmill be almost impossible
to' enfoirce this lawi unless ther-e are
aboutt thriee extr-a c'ler'ks hir-ed for
eachi dispensary and that on real busy
:avs it will b~e imlpossible then to serve
all customers. The letter- sent each
dispenser is as follows:
-1)ear- Siir: I am instrue-ted by
Acting Chairman W. .I. M1ay of tle
county board to notify -you to make
requsit ion on Contty Auiditor (Gibbes
for request books and1( that you com
mence to use them on1 Mfonday. 31arc-h
This is sign:ed'biy thle clerk of the
Se-t ion 5)(7 and M'S of thIe criinal
code1 make the ditties as to' request
- -See. 507J. Requests for pur'chiase
oft liq uor shiallI be made uipon'i 1blanIks
Ifurnishted lby tile ctylI auditor. ml
packages of 100 each.. to thle c'outy
dispenser'. from11 time toI timl aIs the
samite shial be1) nededI'. and shall lie
Te blanks atorevSaidi shall bie farmnshi
ofStd directors in unfr boks
like banmk chieeks. anid the date of de
livery shall lie enidorsecd by 1the counlty
auditor oil (each book and receipt tak
nt thereflOr and pre4.served(' in &i is o -i
The d.ispeniser shall pr'eser've the ip
pliitat ion4 iln the originial i form conlse
ent iely by the audiitor. When retuirn
thereof' is made tihe t-oumy auditor
shall endorse thereoin thie date of re
tulrn, and4. tile and predserve thte same
io be nsed ini tie quarterOly settlemtenits
between such dispenlser antie cou.- u-1i
v treasurer. All unused or mutilated
blanks shall be returnied or account
ed for before other blanks are is
S"See.(' 56. On )or(1 before the 10th
(ay (of each month eachl dispeniser
shill make full returns to the county
audiitoir- or requeCsts tilled by him and
hiis cleriks durini g preced ing tmothl.
upon blaniks to lie fur-nishied by the
hoard of State directtor's for that putr
pose, and acc'ompanying the same Vwithl
an oath, duly taken and subscribed
before the c-ounty auditor or a notary
public, which shall be in the followin.2
form to-wit: I, bemng
dul bworn. state on oath that the
request for .iquors herewith returned
are o. that were received and filled at
my giae of business under my permit
during the month of , 190-;
that I have carefully preserved the
same, and that they were filled up,
signed and attested at the date shown
thereon, as provided by law;' that said
requests were filled by delivering the
quantity and kind of liquors required,
and that no liquors have been sold or
dispensed under my permit during
said month except as shown by the
request herewith returned; and that I
have faithfully observed and conplied
with the provisions of my bond an,
oath taken by me, thereon endorsed.
and with all the laws relating to my
duties in the premises.''
As there is a great deal of curiosity
as to the exact form of request to be
used. miany of Ilhe pe-pl f Columbia
never llavilt eie them. a s4arnple is
ziven1 in order th those purchasing
frm the die .1y know ex
:IV 'lv vat %%x l ha'..ve to s~l
should they pun-e ir Leer 4r
whi-kevy at aly o the ;;Ielseies.
It is as follows:
.... .. .. .......190..
To the Cutyi hii pener:
The umlersi.nesi. :i.. . Yesidii'
at No.......... rI Ice. <esires to 1
ebhase~ thle fohiin. ex-li !2(Xat .z hi
........ .... .. ............. ......
........ .... .. ............. ......
........ .... .. ............. ......
........ .... .. ............. ......
An agreement on Morocco is in sight
Earthquakes continue in the West
One million dollars l;o Ibe the cost
of the new st. 'liozma:l' Church. New
The British War Secretary favored
retrenchment in ,riy expenses at
home and abroad.
The Bank of Montreal. Canada. b.s
decided to open a branch in Mexieco
City, and enter the banking field.
Russia plans to imake Vladivostok
take the place of Dalny inl her projects
for the development of .Manehuria.
Senator Hale accuses the General
Staff of a llot to invade China as a
basis for an increase of the army.
A bill has been introduced in the
Massachusetts Legislature to prohibit
deferred dividends by insurance com
It is evident from the Czar's ukase
that the Russian government will have
a firm check on lI-gislation by the new
The Kentucky House of lepresenta
tives passed a hill requiring anl an
nual accounting and distribution by in
The People's Gas Light and Coke
Company is to centralize its plant in
the southwestern part of Chicago and
make it the largest in the world.
It was admitted that the officers :ind
trustees of the New York Life were
cognizant of the transactions between
the company and Andrew Hamilton.
The Prudential Life Insurance Comn
pany was assailed ait at hearing at
Trenton on .Senator ('olby's resolution
to investigate New JIersey insurance
By getting the New Ilaven Railroad
to refuse to grant through raxtes on
petroleum to rival reliners. the stand
ardl Oil Company has hound a new way
to retain itS mf0Loooy of the business.
Kiniig Alfoniso is ex'per1. in ruinitfg :11
The late Genierai Wheeler w:;s a dc
Richard Cr'oker. refuses to go .nto
.. P. MIorg.an is -seeing Rome" and
Thec Rev. .Tohm Taihot Smith dec
nouned the lalys of ll)sen its im
Richard M::nsli: ld advises university
boys to srleet som~e great manl :1s a
The Duke of1 Manwcster has been
made herd ,steward ini King Edwvard's
Andrew Carnecgie isat th2 head of a
moemeint to simpjlify the 'welcling o1
the English language.
Edward, age twelve, eldest son of the
Prince of Wales. has a remarkable
collection of picture postal cards.
Bernard Shaw writes to an Amnerican
ctiping bureau that lhe has been
"ured of vanity, curiosity, of anm
The estate of~ the late' Prof~essor S.
P. Langley. the~ srleist. will be di
vided aimong relatives. thereC bing n(
A\rehbishlopb ('liio. of li:e Proine~1c
of Halifax. inc ludinag the: Diocese of
N' via Scotia. P'rince Edwxard Island
andl ]ermm ii!:. i a 41.
Ar(chbiishop Irel;:nd wa~s cailed to Eu
rope 1 v the Po4pe to Ooun~se'l the Frenel:
pre:intes and1( theni g. to IRome, pro'A
al'y to 1be appinted a cardhm! di
M. Arm'.ad i:i 2:2:1 .-- i new Presi
denat oft Fr.nce'. i!::t : peiaat blacik
smin11 th V: for:1 irandfather. a court clerls
fr : at allr .imi in 2:' c.1m:'Wfnpi:1'ea
evn' lazy y.outh! hi. lbeir:yed 1no 52ig1
Rep:-resenlt:'tive :andl Mrs. N iciiola
Lngworth returnedi to Wash?ington,
Slowest Train in the World.
Georges Irade. writing in the
French Jlournatl Les Sports, claims
that after a long and conscientious
search he has run to earth the slow
est ordinary passenger train in the
world. This record-holder is chron
icled on page 77:3 of the Guide Chaix
and performs in Spain, 'a country in
which twelve miles an hour is by nc
means an uncommon rate of speed on
the railway between Soto de Rey and
Clano Santa Ana. This line is thir
teen and three-quarters miles long
and it has one station en route, viz.,
Sama, which is twelve miles fromf
Soto de Rey and one and
three-quarters mites from Cia
no Santa Ann. Leaving the last
named hiare at '3:25 a. in., the trait
reaches Sanma at 6:55 and Soto de
Rey at S:20. Thus the average ratE
of speed of the train is under sevex
miles an hour, while from Clano San
ta Ana to Samna the speed is only
three and threequarters miles at
Occurrences of Interest from
All Over South Carolina
MANY ITEMS OF STATE NEWS
A Batch of Live Paragraphs Cover
ing a Wide Range-What is Going
On in Our State.
Charlotte Cotton Market.
These figures represent prices paid
Good middling.... ..........11
Strict middling.. .... .. ....1 -4
Middling.... .. .... . ...-1 -4
Good uiddlin:.- tinged .. .....
Stains.. .... .. .. .. ....9 to 9
General Cotton Market.
Galveston firn .. .. .. .. .... -'4
NKew Orleans steady.. .......11-2
3l0bile stevady.. ...........! 7 14
Savannah. ste .. .. .. ..
W\iilmington SIadv..........10 I)-S
Norfolk . quiiet ... .. .. ...... -... I
Baltimore ioninal...... ..1~
New York steady..........11.0i
liostonl Steadv... .. .. . - .l - >
lhiladelphia firm..... .. ...... 1.30
llouston steady.. .. .. .. ..1 i-4
Auguista. steady.. A.. .....1
Lt. Louis. 1duli.... .. .. .... 1]
Homicide in Columbia.
Columbia. Special.-Ed Tully. a
moulder at the Gibbes Machinery
Works. was shot in Fred Sheppard's
store early Friday night by Jim Only
a tough and brother-in-law of Shep
pard, who was shooting at J. T. Boat
wright. Tully appears to have been
concerned in the affair in no way. be
ing an innocent by-stander. Only
had fired several times at Boatwright
who ran. into the store and took re
fuge behind the counter. Boatwright
was begging for his life at the time
Tully was shot. Tully died half an
hour after reaching the hospital, with
out regaining consciousne-s. Only and
Boatwright have both been arrested
but Only had disposed of his weapon
before the police arrived. The coro
ner, police and others who have been
working on the case are puzzled to
discover the motive Only bad for fir
ing upon Boatwright. The scene of
the killing is a particularly tough see
tion of the town and the leading wit
neses are interested in keeping silent.
Governor Heyward has appointed
the commissioners under provisions of
an act "to establish a township gor
ernent for the township of Sulli
van's Island. in Charleston county."
The nominees are: James Cosgrove,
Dennie McKelvin, Jr.. William M.
Bird, HI. O. Strohecker, Thomas S.
Governor Heyward has named a
board whichi he hopes, will be satisfac
tory to all of the elements in Char
Mayor Gibbs Wins Out..
Columbia. Special.-Election day
passed off quietly and Mayor Gibbes
was reelected by a majority of 206
votes. He ran ahead in every ward
except in Ward 5, where Colonel Mar
shall beat him by 55 votes. Mr.
Gibbes' largest majority was in Ward
4. where he ran 85 votes ahead: his
next largest was in Ward 2, his home'
ward. and the number was S2; the
next largest was in Ward 3, where he
finished t61 votes ahead and in Ward
1 his majority was 33 votes. -
A commission was issued to the St.
George Cotton Seed Oil company to be
capitalizezd at $25,000. The corpora
tors are: J. B. Johnston, W. B. Raysor
and J. H. Moore.
A commission was issued to the
Bell-Richards Shoe company of Spar
tanburg. to be capitalized at $20.000.
R. T. Bell, C. S. Richards and S. T.
Hodges are the corporators..
Mr. A. S. Salley, Jr., secretary of
the State historical commission. is
preparing another brochure in refer
enee to the Meeklenburg D~eclamrion
of Independenee. Mr. Salley has had
made some photographs of the rec
ords in the archieves in London. An
other matter in which Mr. Salley is
interested is in the preservation of
the correct history of the maee~ of the
The Pleasant Grove Land Company
of Dairlington was commissioned: ea
pitliadtion .y2.000. The Home Charity
Assoiation of Peru plantation.
Georetowni county, was also charter
The Ware Shoals company fied no
tie of its incase in capitalization
from $:300.000 to $1L000.000. The
name of the company is changed fromt
"Wares'' to "Ware'' shoals. The
directors of the company are: N. B.
Dial, E.L W. Sparks, J. 0. C. Fcem
ing. Benjamin Riegel. Jno. S. Riegel.
Ge". E. Rigel. B. 0. Riegel. and How
ard Riegel. The officers are N. B.
Dial, president, and E. WV. Sparks.
Petition is Bankruptcy.
Columbia. Special.-A voluntary
petition in bankruptcy has been filed
by James M. Green of this city, pro
prietor of the grocery store at the cor
ner ofi Main and Laurel streets. Mr.
Green states in his invenlto-ry, filed be
fore Referee -in- Bankruptcy Earle.
that the debts are about $7.000 and
hat the stock is valued at about $4,
300. A hiearing~ will be had before the
Ireferee on March 20, and a trustee ap