Newspaper Page Text
TO BECOME AN AMI
GUY ELI [OTT I
The general policy of the Depart- I
ment of Agriculture has been to en
deavor to produce at home such plants I
as are grown abroad and shipped into
the United States. This is just as true
with regard to luxuries as to neces
sities,. and especially apropos is its
referetce to the Bermuda or Easter
Lily. For some years efforts have been
made to cultivate successfully the
Easter lily in the South-eastern States,
but it has been found that the climate
of that section is not as favorable for
the lily bulbs as it is in the Bermudas
Experiments have demonstrated that
bulbs of the Easter ily can be carried
over a season in cold storage, with a
result that they a:'e benefited very
materially as- it subjects them to a
condition approaching that existing in
Japan, the native country of the spe
cies, where the bulbs are heavily cov
ered with snow during the resting
period. This discovery has opened
new possibilities in the cultivation of
the lily. Heretofore, bulbs have been
planted in some parts of the South
early in the fall. with the result that
they sprouted considerably before cool
weather set in. When severe weather,
such as the South gets at some periods
of the winter. does coIe, this growth
is killed and the.plant more or less in
jured. During the period before com
ing into bloom, the plants rendered
sickly during the winter often suffer
severely from lack of moisture, result
ing in poorly developed bulbs.
On the Blue Bermuda Islands.
Lily growing on the Bermuda Islands
is an exceedingly profitable industry.
Practically all the land available for
the production of bulbs is utilized for
this purpose, and while the rotation 1
of crops, together with the most ap
EECRETARY WILSON AND A LILY GROWN Ar idE
proved methods of selection and cul- 3
tivation, would undoubtedly be eventu-t
ally a good policy for the growers to 1
pursue, yet, except in the case of the
more progressive growers, there is lit
tie likelihood of this being done, as it 1
would materially decrease the revenue
from lily farming for the time being.t
This will readily be understood when
it is stated that an acre of lilies will I
bring from $1,000 to $2,000. Somei
growers on the islands who thoroughlyt
appreciate the importance of careful 1
- methods are using small bulbs in
preference to scales, and are selectingi
and fertilizing carefully, but they are<
heavily handicapped by the many
small growers who cultivate their
crops according to old methods; and
. in these cases there is no selection
with a view to producing and perpetu
ating good types. Little manure is
used. The methods of propagation are
very faulty and they have not been
changed since the beginning of the in-1
dustry in the islands. For instance.
in the growing of the bulbs for Amer
i(ean markets the smaller sizes are
planted in the fall and harvesudr in
July. or before the bulbs have thorough
ly ripened. In the process of handling,
many of the immature scales drop I
from the bulbs. These are not thrown
away, as they ought to be. but are1
carefully saved and planted with a view1
to raising small bulbs. These bulbs
ultimately form a large part of the
As a result of all these conditions
the bulbs marketed by Bermuda have
become impregnated with disease, so
that, at the present time it is almost
impossible to secure a bulb or plant
which does not show some trace of di-j
The American Method.
Investigatio~ns made by the Depart
ment of Agrieulture have shown that
by the uise of seeds instead of scales.
hirzce- hasi can be secured in a much
shorter time than can be produced by
the scale method. Moreover, it has
)lants can be grown which are en
irely free from disease, and most im
)ortant of all, that the seedlings give
an opportunity to select better types
han exist at the present time.
The very best of these seedlings,
ome of which will undoubtedly show
uperiority in several ways over the
)arents, can be retained for seeds, and
y keeping up the system of selection
here will develop in a very few years
trains from seed which will be proven
>f great value.
George W. Oliver, the plant propa
ator of the Department of Agriculture
ias been working on this particular
ine for a number of years, with every
ndication of success. In some in
tances he has obtained blooming
lants in from 7 to 9 months from
ermination of the seed, while in re
ent trials, as many as twelve mag
iificent blossoms have been cut from
L plant within fourteen :'onths after
he plant has shown itself above
In order to further this class of
vork, the Department of Agriculture
ias obtained plots of land in California
Lnd Oregon where it is believed the
3aster lily can be grown as profitably
.f not more so, than it is in either Ber
nuda or Japan.
A point greatly in favor of raising
he Easter lily from.seed, to constitute
he crop of marketable bulbs, is that
rom one to two years' tirae is saved in
he operation over the scale method.
rhe results of the work of the Depart
nent of Agriculture -n obtaining
)looming plants in so short a time after
Alanting the seed would probably seem
ike a fairy tale to the participants of
he lily conference held in London in
901. One of the papers read at that
ime states that many species of Lil
ium must -have from ten to twelve
DiPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE FROM SEED.
ears to develop a flowering bulb from
he seed. A noted scientist who was
elieved to be an authority on lily
rowing, stated that "In three or four
ears at most, flowering bulbs will
e produced from seedl if the young
lants are properly treated." While
he experiments of the Department of
griculture have shown that some seed
ings are longer than others in coming
nto bloom, yet when -hese do flower,
hey reward all the cultivator's labor
y producing a great amount of flow
rs-instances being known of plants
-ith from ten to fourteen flowers at
Hybrid Philippine Lily.
The Bureau of Plant Industry of
he Department of Agriculture last
ear rook up the problem of shorten
ng the time of growing, as any short
ning in the time of growth represents
o much gain to the cultivator. With
his in view the Department imported
tspecies of lily from the Philippines
vhich was known to bear flowers in
'rom two to three months after plant
ng of the bulb. This lily has been
-rossed with the commo'a Easter lily,
md the r It has been a hybrid,
earing as many flowers as the old
rmda lily, with no di:Terence in ap
earance from this plant, except that
he hybrid will develop in four or five
noths, representing a shortening in
ie of from one to three months.
While the experiments of the Depart
nent are not yet completed, the re
its attained so far warrant the be
ef that the new hyhrid Easter Lily
:an be produced cheaper than the old
rariety which blooms not less than
~rom six to eight mnonths after plant
.ng of the bulb.
See a pin and pick it up-a.nd you
an bet your wife'll ask you for it be
tore you get a chance to use it.
There are Indian millionaires in Iu
Soon is the tinie wbe the apple bor
er will emerge from the trunk of the
tree in the shape of a fly and look
about for crevices in the tree trunks
in which to deposit her eggs. A way
often recommended is to take a hoe
and hill up each tree about six inches.
This will necessitate the laying of the
eggs on the trunk where they can be
easily gotten at and destroyed later.
May will be . good time to walk
rapidly through the orchard and-rub
off the new shoots, or water sprouts,
on the trunks o" the trees. If much
pruning has been done these will be'
found in abundance. When soft and
green, as they are during this month,
they can be easily removed, pulled out
by the roots, as it were, whereas later
they will have to be cut off, causing
a liability to sprout again.
This Magnificent Bouquet was Grown from Seed
in Fourteen Months.
If any top grafting has been done
and the grafts have taken, all sprouts
below the grafts should be rubbed off
clean, allowing the full vigor to go
into the graft.
For the best results fruit and other
trees should be cultivated early and
often during the spring and early sum
mer, as that is the time when most
growth is made. When the fruit is
small there is plenty of sap for vigor
ous wood growth, but after the fruit
approaches maturity the wood growth
Carkg for Transplanted Trees.
It is well the first year a large tree
is transplantet to put a tile at its
base or a square box five or six inches
in diameter, in an upright position,
and stimulate the tree by pouring
down @oap suds or other water. This
furnishes sub-irrigation and allows but
little of the water to evaporate.
Trees should also be dug around
from time to time if rapid growth is
desired. A tree can grow up in sod:
and practically stand still or by the
use of manure and cultivation it can
be made to grow as fast as desired.
The sod method is frequently followed
by the man who has no time to spend
on the conveni~ence and appearance of
As the warmth of spring approaches
the system craves come fresh acid, and
nothing is more grateful than rhubarb.
A most satisfactory practice is to cover
a couple of thrifty stools of rhubarb[
with an old half-barrel, inverted, and
pile around it green manure. This will
force it Into quick growth.
Very sandy soils are more apt to
show a beneficial effect than heavy soils
from plowing under green crops as
compared with applications of fertil-|
izers or manures, for the reason that|
in such soils fertilizer or manure
leaches quickly away, whereas the
humus afforded by the green crop is
more entirely retained, itself adding to
the body of the soil. Sandy soils, too,
are nearly all deficient in vegetable
mold, and green manure is the easiest
and cheapest ::ethod of supplying this
THE PHILIPPINE LILY.
Plan ing overgrown nursery stock
because it can be secured cheaper than
young stock is a serious mistake. In
the first place the handling is much
greater, andl, again, such trees will
never make the sturdy and vigorous
growth of the younger ones. To use
them at any price is poor economy.
The Eskimno gives his doctor a fee
as soon as he comes. If the patient
recovers, it is kept; if not, it is re
The gatesi of Pekin are closed every
evening with elaborate and formal cere
mony. The closing of the gates is one
of the sights which strangers travel
far to see.
The beautiful patterns which are
used for Cashmere shawls are fre
quently copied from the leaf of the
THE COMING FARMBO Y.
The Educated Farmer Becoming
Power in State and Nation.
The time i3 fast coming , if, indee<
it is not already here, when the ii
telligent, industrious and energet
farmer will occupy a far more prom
nent placc in the affairs of State an
Nation that ever before. The rapi
pace necessarily adopted by those ei
gaged in professional and mercantil
pursuits, in order to successfully meE
the competition assailing them o
every hand, is not conducive to th
mental endowment of their descent
ants, and thc farmboy of rugged cor
stitution and industrious habits wil
be in ever growing deiand to till thei
depleted ranks. Much has been wril
ten in regard to the prominent par
played by such breeding and earl
country training, in the successfu
management of great mercantile entei
prises and the marvelous discoverie
andeachievements of great professiona
leaders and much more will still b
written upon the same subject. Th
farms of the country have been an
will continue to be the nurseries fror
whence the degenerating forces c
those -overworked brains and shattere
nerves will be recruited.
Aore simportant still, there is als
a most promising future for the farn
boy who takes up agriculture as a
occupation. Farming is no longe
mere drudgery and muscular exertio
in which man occupies ab1hout the sam
place as the beasts of burden, but .
is an industry calling for the keenec
intelligence and the application o
well defined principles.
If the farm boy can be made t
understand that the cultivation of tI
soil and the feeding of stock are base
upon principles as clearly defined a
those underlying any mechanical c
mercantile pursuit, and that the sam
skill and energy applied to the forme
as to the latter will yield equally pr<
fitable returns, he will be more greatl
attracted to his home acres. When t
these facts are added the opportunit
to participate in public affairs an
the assurance that because he becomE
a farmer, he does not surrender a
claim to public recognition and ri
nown, he will enter upon the work (
the farm with greater zest and courag
and with less foreboding.
In order to obtain these results,
is necessary that the farm lad be fitte
for the work as thoroughly as person
are fitted for other professions. H
must study agriculture as one who i
to become a physician studies med
cine, or the one who is to be an a
torney studies law. He must not on
know how to do all things, but h
must also know why the things ar
done. He must know the effect upo:
the soil of different methods of cultur
and the effect upon animals of variou
systems of feeding. He must know;
thousand things unknown to his at
cestors a generation or two ago, an,
then-and not till then will he be in ;
position to practice farming as intell
gently and as successfully as the phy
sician practices medicine or the ai
torney practices, law.
It requires time, hard study ani
some money to acquire this knowledg
but not so much as is required to pre
pare for other occupations and profes
sions yielding good returns. There i
no study necessary for the labore
who uses pick and shovel at a dolla
and a half a day, but preparation i
ecessary for him who earns thre
yr four times that amount in any lin
>f work. There is no preparation nec
assary for the farmer who is conten
:o harvest what the soil produces o
its own accord, but preparation i
iecessary for the farmer who produce
:hree or four times the average yiel
> the soil. The man who manipulate
he soil and directs the elements o
nature in an intelligent manner in th
production of that crop is an almos
greater factor than the soil itself
'ather and mothers who desire thel
,oys to become or remain farmers
should encourage them to make the
'equisite preparation for their lift
work and then there will be fewei
Landoned farms and fewer dis
couraged and disheartened farmers
The Joke was Moss Grown.
He said it in all innocence.
It was at a nice, homelike little part:
:he other evening, and Gabley had jus1
old his time-worn story.
"Oh, strangle it," called out Jonothat
Eapplegood in his sonorous voice
which made everybody look. "Thal
story is more ancient and rock-ribbei
han the hills."
Then the three spinster Hill sister:
>f uncertain ages got up and stalket
stiffly out of the room with that set
ard expression which is akin to thb
One or the Ranks.
Hello," said the Pipe to the Blac1
In the Smokers' grand parade,
"'I see you march with the Cigarettes
Instead of your own brigade."
The Black Cigar moved down the line
Ashamed as he could be,
And simply said, with deep-btiwe<
"I've joined the 'ranks,' you see."
Courtesy to the Cloth.
Hie was a young and smart-lookini
Scots clergyman, and was to preac]
a "trial" sermon in a strange churci
Fearing that his hair might be disai
ranged or that he might have a smudg
on his face, he quietly and signif
antly said to the beadle, there hein
no mirror in the vestry:
".John, could you get me a glass?~
John disappeared. and after a fe'
minutes returned with something ur
der his coat, which, to the astonist
ment of the divine, he produced in th
form of a bottle with a gill of whisk~
in it, saying:
"Ye mauna let on aboot it, meenistel
for I got it as a special favor, and
wadna hae got it if I hadna told ther
it was for you."
The Man of the Hour.
Hie stood in the hell at midnight,
But the clock was not striking th
For his careful touch had stilled it,
Ere the storm had time to lower.
Hie said. as the stairs he climbed softi2
"A hero of labor I'm like
For surely this night I've averted
A most mdirous strike,"
is the title of Our New Cat,
1, ful and instructive hortict
1- 186 pages-700 engravir
c 7 duotone plates of vegets
To give this ctalogue the largest possib
t To every one who will stat
. eneloses Ten Cents (in stamps
of charge, our famous so-Cen1
e jing on. packet each of Giant 31
Giant Victoria Asters, mixed; He
and 0Vhite Tipped Scarlet Radi;
and returned, will be accepte(
amounting to $.oand upward.
- EE HE mD
NM AL. Only Sure Cure.
-E M E Positive and Permanent
case or money refunded.
d Sentpostpaidon receipt
of price. AGENTS WANT
E. Liberal terms. r
iUtseral Heave Remedy Co., 4iA44th Ave., Pittsburg, Pa.
U Cans Savea Lot If Workl
0 ~Can Save a Lot of Man y.7
1- Can Increase Your Comforts!
n Can Increase Your Profits!
If you are Interested In those things
1 we'd like to send you ournew book about
it ELECTRIC "Wt..r.
More than a millIon and a quarter of them are
In use and several hundred thousand farmers say
that they are the best investment they ever made.
,e They'll save you more moneymore work, givebet
d ter service and greatersatisfaction than any other
S metal wheel made-because They're Made Better.
By every test they are the best. Spokes united to
r the hub. It they work loose, your money baek.
e Don't buy wheels nor wagon until you read our
book. It may save you many dollars and It's free.
ELECTRIC WHEEL 00.,
Box 263 Quincy, Ills.
DR. 00FFEE'S 80-w PAGE
d EYE BOOKFREE
It tlshbow tocur eae
athrewithout visiting, a Doctor-Wife to I
e DR.W.0,COFFEE. 4,CentryBid.,DesMoines, Ia.
n Made by the basic open-hearth process
e sylvania. Has double the tensile stren -r
s ness of a high grade spring wire, an is
a Page Fences and coiled springs. Ask fc
I- te how Page-Wire is made; how it di
d why it is stronger and better. Sent free b
a Page Woven Wire Fence Co.
The best 5O cent mag
SA doilar magazine in e
Thousands upon thousanl
Sfor opportunities, financia
Swhile East, West, North and
~waiting for someone to pick then
The mission of OPPOR!
the seekers and the opportt
PORTUNITY is full of
- ?eautzful illustrations, Vd
?nteresting stris instr7uca
- clean, wholesome, delz't
I one in the family. Orer
at 50 cents. Read it three in
like it write and tell us and
V. fund your money. Do you
cation in America making
The reason is that we have:
4 We offer the finest list of premi
brought together by any publica
missions given if preferred. b1
worth more than the cash commi
goods, but beautiful, valuable az
Presents for Boys and Girl
-are given absolutely free for a lit
ttions. WVith such an attractive
NITY" at only 50 cents a year it
subscriptions all the year rouna.
:4 Boys, Girls, take an agency for
alittle wvorkc before and after sch
earn all your spenamng money
things as you want, guans, watch<
chairs, vases, fine brushes, pocke
goods, porket books, punching
S.books, fountainnpens, talking zn
mients, opera glasses,, etc., etc.
Ladies, devote a little time aft<
OPPORTUNITY and earn yoi
articles to furnish your borne; f
mnakes, toilet sets, lace curtai
genuine cut. glass, rugs, decorate
dining room and bedroom furnit:
sesful and decoarative articles.
Mlen, get some of your friends
TUNITY and earn a few doll;
interest, or get for yourself a
suit case, umbrella, ciffonier.
for your wife or son or daughter,
I Everybody' wants Opportunity a
Send 50 cents for your own su
4 our beautiful 104 page catalog
prizes. DO IT TO.DAY.
4 Always give your own name an
OH,BnOrT:1 OH, DoYsZII
I unme addss Weed y.itee beautfuls 8olored
iIutrated circlar howing un tetnd uitsa
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.e BOYS REPEATING
Shrtsar made of th et grdfstel The sto. is in
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want them and wil buy serera at ioe eah o otherc
dlogue for 1906-the most beauti-'S
titural pnblication of the day
igs-7 superb colored plates
bles and' flowers.
e dirbution, we make the following beleft
unts as Cash
where this advertisement was seen and who 7
we will mail the catalogue, and also send free
H "enderson "Collection of seeds, contain
ixed Sweet Peas; Giant Fany Pasiss, mixed;
nderson's New York Ltsuc; Early Ruby Tomato;
; in acoupon envelope, which, when emptied
I as a 25-cent cash payment on any order
Beautiful Flowers FRE
25c.ayhcsp v'1adPostage. You
-ilrceive this 'rand ile ction of Bess.
only liberal offer ever made, and a Coupo ebk
that will give You one of the fiest Fam Papes
publid, by sending for Is grand ofer:
25 Packages Seed 1 pkt. Mornin Glory.
1 At. Snowba Aster. 1 kt. Mixed Callo
pkLApplernos.B91sazn 1kt. Mixed Calen
Apt. Mixed Sweet Pea ,. y Mied P or
2. Swet MignBetfectn ,kt. Sunflower.
Skt. Sweet Alysm I kt Sweet Rocket.
1 pkt. Sweet WHilim. I pk. Canton PinL.
1 pkt. hied Poppy. nt 1 pkt. Mixed Four o'Clk.
1 pktt. Mixed Candotft. 1 pkt Mixed Marigold.
I pkt. Mixed Larkspur. pat. Mixed Petat.
1 pkt. Mixed Pansy. pEt. Mixed Zinnia.
I p t. MixedNastdrdum I pl t mixed Verben
2i oflb a BeautifuleCoiecton sentwith ti
Order, ncludng HTcinth . Tauli Croc. oTube.
rose Gladiolus, Ca umn Oa u w i send
at once m5 cent in silv or stapo Address
E.C OLM ES,SM.eilI.,eMa&
15c DISH PAN SAVED
,t Boxn' 92f, Adrian, Mach
Man i the ns Amie
cents seey Urn you have a hMuae
leak in your pas. ket-et% pm.
etc. Mend t ylurfi al
Smuh Oted Ui fr4
centperrmend. Rhadyfor Instant
Us. Mends ai holes, fro the
b size of a pin point to 1-2 inch i
dameter. Greate t otv.eold conveienceever invented.
wrtlsto-dpyfort. Joht's Tin Meder 25cvntsgr
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ut 4a Rier Strec r?
in our Steel Mils, Monessen, Penn
of common fence wire, the singi
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i NATripT ugh OrM It
fers from common fence wire and
y return mail. Write for it to-day.
, eox925 Adriand MWch -
twewr taing subsric
is eayrk toaerweh
OPPOdRTITY, ad i by ial
olndT duig tocationg
nitfesetorites. OP- uc
bzas ctric nveates,
drepin oney for eere
ne sillewr so then rest
fre, any aher other
tosucr iber oforfPPr?
rs to helpu rsers ethat
giod Lra orrsh coar,
et some vaibe offresene
sion as heap sh od
5, fllads and write
o n ui brcains o ymi z o
ts cras ang, emoAmod
r insoe or creo' ry
nee besteFlare 'fethe best
on -Anohlr andte set angabl i4
tosbCring. for port n .btl
ir oSepeu ndo ethatodyt
goo BULrao, 17ri cairy l, 4 .Y ly
ycrpon aed wite o
of val thbsead egt
e ful ades aditoe 4