Newspaper Page Text
Have LeftTair City
LOSS BEYOND COMPUTING
Streeti of Ruined Cit; ce&ne o; Great
Activity All Day Sunday by
Plumbers. Electricians and La
borers Engaged in Clearing Debris.
. San Fram-isco. :'.Te ra
e.-thquake that wrcd (th chy ! uta
v-v-, htkn th e m; -s a k t4 e wat er1
wiorks :nd tartn' tine that burned
I-I practicalily the e-ntirre ity. has
h-rt ~ ~ ~ ~ ~~, a, tri fmsr n oaion
I hat ea:iot yet b:: 'ully estimIed I
is e!Xte' 1nd maginhil.
Eugeetvk!s estimaitr !b1wab.-o
2,000 and the property los
I melpt. suspte of attempt
r th-e mim, wevc killed by
Stel clerki wee rescued
e wrect' the p~ostilce
bmi- 'e were taken from
lodgiing honite and 50
greatest aLner semed
Jile. blit Ihe promfpt re
Vhol( ctlitrv have
I food to relieve the
rs of diiVress n ilm t
day a Busy Day.
1Iot bCen for th tlant of
Itars set up in I.e open air
r San Fwrancico's lomeless
ds were cam(Iped. one would
Qd OC (soe itlnity in tinlding
tIhe. peaetutil aociations of
bath in thi ci y. Ekverywh(te
lout the biurned I., xwell a- the
:g section of the rity there
(xreatest activity. Streets
nl ileared of debris, laborers
In- earn water pipes. sew
vrs a gas miIlilS-. L'IO LId l. n eVery
w her were sek'in lt ntangle the
,-fiorT ot' wV- i aet. San
V-ra. isisw w;... inl :im "*r-t sa eo
ie10 'Ir -;.' reenrain
T unt Spectre of a-L:1Xnion hM.
twc'n haibslied by i he mnazin ieelt re
,fins, oft the peoniI of 'aliforilla Iin
Iaticabr.~h andt by the e:;urF' naaon m~
emrI t) the app'eal.s ha t wvent out
Overwhelrted With Food.
F'od byV the earI boal1 and boait loadi
ttoured into Oaklan~l m~ole. th.at the
-kiiledi labor in hanidline. of these sun
plies. Grocers. butu-hers antd et-m
iin :nen~ ICI have been.' r'equtestod to
headliiing of foodstuffs in orer'l that
he distribution at rte sourl(ces of stat
tion9 established mtay. go0 on withott
ub'ie to~ suss upon bred and eani
m~tt stti ('nt irely, as t hey. had been
.h1:ring P~ pevioull t1::y5 '' their try
in eg;,riente, bmn vWert given ho)
'offeeP ad e(mn- 1: ent-(a - anId ('ee
r:akf- and' ttrange2S h11.: colme inl pileri
IT1J5Ip~ly ing~l sintherll ( alifornua
26 Miles Burned.
& Th'. A el'ated -- erena
I fis~n'la v elt d uI- enture area
Aknm. 0.. SpeeldI.- -The (ircuit
tturt in theV oluser cases agaifli the
MaIttual Life and the Newx York Life
tir.su!ranice Companies 5tsslinedt the
motions of the def'eant., to have the
State ma:ke its petitio m01ore.tt definite
Thfe hearling,~ were' 'ont linued and no0
<a(~EP' ji)inerl to tatke d1epositionls wa
Southern Wholesale Grocers.
Jackson:ville. Fla.. Special-The
oen'Itionl of the Southern W~holesale
Grocers' Associationl met here. Cap
ain 'C. E. Giarner'. president oft the
.iacksonville board of trade. repre
anftingt Mayor Nodi lij and. F. Bow
i, president ofthe Jac Iiksonv'ille
?vered address'es 1 of weome to which
pon~r'sded.X Pridnn Hoo-se den~~ai1
I:sane Asylum Demolished.
LOS Anzeles. Ci.. Special.-NeCws
'-ve, the Southern l'acitie wires fromT
Ni b ltirmis thet reCporlt that the in
sane asylumii at Attnlews, was dimol
'shed. and~t further states that almost
every .:.tone or brick building in San
.!sI' w:1 Pithier badly; diamagedt or
tr:wrecked. It is not1 knowvn
"7 Ose. but evidently somec loss lhas
Bwe Property to Get Insurance.
S-, :' nburg. S. C .. Speia.-So
- Sease has retcetived tlga
Pl'jytVoler' GenCerall .Jontes ask
- State at. the pre':llill.1y
;tar'lle. tof a negtro c'harizei
hung of his stor'e. [The
nu'a-1124 by a de(tectivje. who ha~s
nu may negroe POred buirni
K :r~ e'I l' d'er tat obtami
of Sari Francisco In
i- i l v Pi I 1 ,;t1(1117t
l* A 1t - 4. bu r-,i nn e .i 1 ,!e. Th 1rnm 1
le u . :e trea 4'! ciw : reIm co ' - i
t-d by th mvarkiz f a eyelotet
i- I)6 de- and' comp?~ises the entiire 1
b'-ir'-. di'.trict and I large setion ht
of the I'Ili r idec dlistrict. allI ot' which l.
rtat'ed by c un tetent mn..nrance aut hc r
ilils t iat the l -s will aggregate $.30).- a
00.000,0 and on this vast aiouti of
prope rty the insurttanlce companlieis ear- t
iel alir xinnatcly 717>.000,000 in
The Homeless Gared For.
\li mnr 'f tempi1)orary shelters l
have bee de' ivised for the 1outsanids
of le. familiez. so that now
compartively few arO eompelled to
seep wit hout some kind of shelter.
The health of the people is better
tha n was at first expected.
. An interesting iten fron the Goi
den Gate Park distrit Sundayv was
the report of the birth of eighteen
babes. Thtese cases have received
pomifpt andl culicient attention and
thie imothers and children removed11
te the various materiity hospitals.
Already Consult Architetcts.
San Francisco. Special.-Manty of
the most substaitial business nen
anl property owiers of San Francis
co already are in consultationi with
the architeets. It is understood that
.ames 1). Phelan will be one of the
iirst to rebuild on Market street. His
plans call for a tine structure at
Market and O'Farre! streets. Prae
ile:llv cv -rv bank in Sani Franiciseio
will be rebuilt. All of these ilsit
1iion a4 has Easter connections and
miny of thema are affiliated with for
eign banks. Owing to the great pros
l)rity oi Santi Frainiseo. the local in
it u ions almoc!'st witloit exceptiol
ive Iarge deposits to their credit in
New Yo.k and Euiropeani capitans.
1Th is t ne will bie available at once
a11d after the strain of the moment
las been relievecd building operations
nx ill bel-in. P. W. Lilienthai. presi
c dent of the ,A.nglo-California bank,
:ad: "Now is the time for every man
to pu h i. Shouider to t he wheel to
bild up 1: new Cty. There is -oin
to he a new ity and I an goi g to
Io all I ean to make i the greatest
c it la th. world. It will inean work
iad lot- of it. but the people of San
F rniscio are equal to the task.'
Strain Causing Insanity.
blc e tan of the last few days is be
ining 1') tell oni t he pedlple. fTe
ectiton' hias c.omte ande~ sus.pense over
mi1(ing reaives and friends is eaus
inn" ill'ess and in somte eases mnsan
tf At Centrai avetnue and Oak
s reet a n an became intstine antd at
tempted to kill his wife with a elever.
He had to be a1rrested to prevent him
from injut.tlrintz himttel f and fam oi -.
Million More From Congress.
Washintgten. Special.-\An addition
at aPproiattion i t ot (cie m'd~iion dol
lars for thi suffie rers ofi Sian Franetis
e anid min-r California cities was thet
d isticti:.- teaiture of the leuyisat on
enacted t' the IH'une. A mtessane
frmth Ii' rt-idlettd let er fromf
ci -e fr lt et cion ot th le commtit-fl 1
aeoni apprpria~tionst in r'epurtott ani
miount ofI lederali aid toc two mtillions i
lan taringu~ a genera n1 nqui 'v a stol I
he mxanner in which the mtontey wonld
ht epeld thte resolutin passed ~
The athraeite mint:e operatocrs made
public their rely to the reques5t of t
he miners for arbitrat io n. stating
that their attitude~ was in nto wise<
ehtaged. bitt iavuiding a point blankr
tejetiotn of arbitration.
Ifed the str eets. oj Wiidbcr. Pat., atndt
the town wxas unit.
The spec i grm jury which is
to investiaate the i mrile lyncihin~g at
Sprigtield. Mo. was conivened and
ctarged by tihe 'ourt.
Thei Corn on Pletas Court at ('in
iiinti dlecided thei State Senate had
no authority to investigate p)ublic of
[iee. int1 Haiiu' country'..
The Uit cl Staits -DI istrtiet 'ourtt of
*'m.as C'i it '. hlo. dentied the plea
ofi imutyt tiled by railro ads a'cns
ed of viohaitng the Elkins lawx.
Cvtoni M cMichaiel. ex-pVst matst er
of Piiiad ilphin. andi well kntownt in
hat cit. died suddleet.x- . gedi (i
The Initerniatilonal exeenive boardl
ditnnlis authorized thle WVest Vir~
'tini 'minen~I toegoltitie ont the bi
Thei t rial ci ( ongressmtani E. Spent
a-. Blackburn,. of North Carolina. ont
chir-s of ;ra't icing before G overnl
mem 'li depann ts atnid rneeiing ees
i-refor b)egan 1 t Greenttsborto. N. C.
i-uett Halnxey, of Wilinttotn.
1I). . - undte - arrest at Newp '-rt News
Near-by Cities Share Fate.
Sta Francisco, Sp eciat.-Repot
fro eities neatr San Francisco showv
that the (lestruct ion wats genertal.
Santa Rosa. (6 a e m iteirthi. is in
latmes and thle dlamatre is over a mil
ion dollars. The loss cof life is ntc
knwn At N apa fmtny butiling
w er shtnored ad thle loss wiii ant
nto $300t.0t00. No los~ cfit is~]
pre'1luca. .\t \Vellejo' the damageti~ wasi
b txxin.~ -tpison~t' wxinu that suf -
1,009,000 FOR RELI
ppropriation For Suffering an;
Homeless in California Cities i
Made by Joint Resolution.
W : hheN . S !-he lot.*i
Vrniete l1) . I 44-Llo t .I)
rh 1::landee !lnie i.; Sl el'nw
n1d t ' i t . . :!cs(l
Tl(n the' h-lrrie(i to lfe Selate ane
tariel tile yitterioe'i y *I. Lt11V3Un'
i 11m se.rc pw1x er I cioll-t*rat wlgtil
[re wa; at tae1lit(i at (inve to tha
ePaslre .e1id it was -lShed to 014
Eltte .1")1 1,1 ho C-P e id n '. s i
inre al trine rel tliee r13Pesoien
i c lete rtied o heiseat na.
The National House of Repre
sentatives has voted usheOh
relief of sufferers, to be expend
ed under the direction of the
Secretary of War.
The San Francisco mint, con
taining $300,000,000 in coin and
bullion, was saved only after
heroic efort. Building is the
only structure of like size that
remains standing in the city.
Americans in London are to
meet Soon for the purpose
of subscribing to the releif fund
which is now being collected to
provide temporary quarters for
The total number of dead in
all the California cities visited
by the castastrophe will probably
reach 3,000, and the improvished
hospitals are unable to care for
If food suplies do not arrive
from outside within a few hours
starvation will add many victims
to the tlready horrible death list
of the earthquake and flames.
City of Santa Rosa destroyed:
10,000 homeless; not a business
building left standing.
General Funson, in a dispatch
to the War Department says that
200,000 are without homes in
San Francisco and too many
tents and supplies cannot be sent.
Firemen who go to San Fran
cisco are returned to their homes
being unable -;o render any assis
tance on account of lack of
The heads of many families
are forced by officers and firemen
to stand by and see their proper
ty go up in flames, and often
times loved or.es burned to death.
Panic stricken residents of
several cities are leaving in large
New York Helps.
New York. Special.-New Yor
>ontaneously respo ndled to the al
eal for help)SO set out on behalf I
e suferers in the Cealifornia disa:
n.More thani haltf a million dlollii
as sub~scribed here. Mayuur M<
'lellan issued a proclamlationt al
ointingl. a rep~resnta1.ive (commflit tee (
elief. liTe Pennisylvaia and Ei
alroads and W\ells Far12(o Comnpn
ret oiffered to ship sPphie *fre
barge. The Westr Union41 Tel
ra ph Company willI handile all vol it
essages at tihe companII s expenls
The big subscripti:on list was hem'
by .John D). Hoeefeler wit hi
ntrIution of $1 00.000. The I ni
Railvar Investmient Compan.
0: M. Guggenheim 544;ns cont ribute
30.000: the Ca rnegie hero, fund an
.P. Morgan & Co. $25.000.
Help yrom Atlanta.
Atlanta. Ga., Special.-A speci
neeting of AtlartIa' city connell m1
w orized tihe apl 1roprialion11 ( of i.,.
ir le relief of the sufferers by t.I
hisaster at San Frnueiscot. TI
lot was immtediately t,~rantsmtaI
ty telegraph te MaIyior Schait z,1
e government appro1priation1 hi)C
he frst to reaebi thle strieken ei;
uthserition lists have been opene
I tlt offiees of thle daily papers her'
The Death List.
C'hief of Poliec' Dian said that 2:
VOn:d hily c~4oe theO number et'
had. About 50 bodies have thus 1:
(en found4. TherVe waJs cons3iderab)
heeotig of ]ooters. hut -the offtende1
'saed with1 woundlsl.
$50,000 For Relief Fund.
New York, Special.-M. (;ngia
Iimis Sons-.,eo4pper no~ rnlates. Thur
ny mrningi~ wired s511.000~ tee an Ia
ai'. (al.. bank with instruclt ions1
laeit at the dkirposal orI Gener
lttobille triansporltat ion compan11t
t is he4 intetioni of the compiianly
ovie attomolbiles, whlich will totc
hel it -mdl viclfi icto the benle
The~~ fall of ashles inl Naples fre
f oult \7esurvius was wVorse Frid:
an at arty time siine the4 erupta
Northern Educators Meet.
'di ammal' onv en~ltion here. It w
n-, whr Presid41t Te \e. Hart lyi
-r - hisnunl addeitl . Th um
ie l:J!arLge and14 i:nelnde nun
nut cn teductos ro vri
W0RK Of FLAMES
11 Beautiful and Populous City Is
Now a Desolate Waste
STARVATION NOW TlREATENED
Metropolis of the Pacifi Coast is
Reduced to a Vast Waste of Smok
ing Ruins-No Such Dcso.ticn
Ever Before Seen on This Conti
Sani Franciscoe. Sp~eial --San1
Frncso"., dlarkest hourt hasI. fawne"d
into1( :1 1aV !* ofhop. Its time of over
-whI(htingi disaster and eil ! has end(
ed :n it fmlure is now ;! s'u.Ijee of
- norac l.nidh-rationl.
The fin- is practically Iunder coll
troL. A clear sky over lie .lission
distrilt. shows that the fire there has
been extinguished. The spread of the
fiamties toward the westeni additioi,
the best pIt .of tile city reiaininig,
has been ty1 e,4 and he only por
tion of the eillagratioii that de
mands1( tis f-i attenii,,in if the tiremen
i- t1at exiendin-t froimi the Nlb 1Hll
.et ion1 io-vi to the no0rt1hwestern
part of the water front. The western
addition dainer w:as averted at 2.,0
oclok saturday morilin )v the use
of gun coton, dynamiw and two
streanrz of water. The explosives
Were handled by the chief gunner of
the Mtre Islandi navy yard an1d his
accmplishments proved him io be a
master of his profession.
Menace of ]Famine.
Possibility of famine is already pre
senting its hideous face. At best the
city never carried more thaii threr
days' supply of provisions and food,
and now. with the wholesale districts
and warehouses wiped out there is
already a shortage of food. Prices
were in most instances more than
trebled. An Asociated Press man
was obliged to pay 25 cents for a
snall glass of mineral water in the
Haves Valley district. The half of
the eitv that has beei laid -waste aiid
rot a drop of water is to be had there
except hottled mineral water.
President Sends Message.
Washington. Special. - President
Roosevelt manifested profoud inter
est in the news of the earthquake
at San 'raneisco.
He sent tie following dispatch to
"I share with all our people the
1orror --'lt at the eastarelhe thlt
has befIlen San Franci.e and the
most ea:nest sympathy with your eit
izens. If there is anything that the
Federal _--overnmelit caii (10 -, aid
-.ou it will be done."
Hie al:so sent the following~ to Gov
"It was dlilicult at first t) eredit
lie news of the calamity t hat has be
fellen Sani Franceisco. I fell the great
cil ie conlicrn aiid svmpathy for' vou
and tihe people not only of Sain Fran
cisco but of California in this ter'
k rible disaster. You will let me know
it there is anyvthing that the nation
t l* 4Wovernmen~t can do."'
Pres.ident Roosevelt at night re
ceivedl a telegram f. a Governor Par
dee of Californiia, readling as follows:
Ov in g to thle intervenition of tele
~raphic communiiication,. thle e'xtent. of
the disast';er in San Fianeisco is iiot
weldl kniowni here but no doubt the en
lamiity is very serious. P ~eophe of Cal
1Or11 la)ppreciaite Viu 'Hi ro eillyt in
cIuir and otfer of as5itanlce. State
troops- doing patroil ditty and if Fed
- mrl aissistalne is n~eedied will. callI on
-With great unanitmity all the eit
-ies of: the country, large and small.
Sare coming to thei rescel eef the strick
a en sectionl.
Minit Almost Unscathed.
1The Inited States mint escaped al
-. most unseathed en account of its
isolated environiment and its peculiar
~fireproof const ruction, biut thle fore
of sending power of the eathlquake
could be seen in the cracked walls
of the new postoffiee on Seventh andi~
Mission streets. aind grounid had sun1k
df~or several feet.
Marks Complete Ruin.
\ll efforts to check the spread of
the flames at Vatn Ncss avenue by'
blowinig up a mile of buildings on the
east side of.Van Ness avenue prov\ed
fruitless. The tire has spread ac'ross
he broad thor-oughifare and from
present indiciat ions thle entire wvest
erni addiltion, which contains the
- homes of San Francisco's wealthiest
class, is now dloomed. The destrue
-tion of thec western addition of the
0city comnpletes the work of the ravag
ling flames and mariks the devr.stationi
of the entire city.
A Veritable Hell.
iSan Fra ncisco. Special .--Flee'ing
inhaitan ea see from miles aroundic
.the pillatr of lie towering skywvard.
0 |The crash of fallin': run and the
r muntlied reports of e:xplodilngt dynia
i mitet reach the ear ait irular inte
vals. A disasteri that staggers5 com
m1 p.rehnioniu. and in point of t(errO1
V :1nd( damagiie. tiuprceelted on '
in cia'st . ha:s noct yet reached its cuilmi
Day of Uneven Struggle.
Thursday ha.- been anlot her day of
*-uee -strugtgle ofI man : nst a
- .' i1reen t liit the constlg::,
. heen. nea!:i'2 reced and that wh'
u ay . awns th- rn ilh-ecm
THE SUNDAY SCHOOL
INTERNATIONAL LESSON COM!.tENTS
Cit2 'APRIL 20
i. : - Ir.,ralt I t' tho Sower.
.1a rt i V.. I .1- 10-own Teat. Lit:e
viii.. t I!o- n. mor Y Verr- . -t.-T l e:1
fro I-M!rnt a1 aV rI Iret. flhrVou191
all the vw of *li. "Th1.'
sd. Th'' ":. of' lie. Go
nm1litu1e. Th" l'aiees had hc.nt
laboring by b lase! va111lumies tn drve
the prop' :nvy from .l1eUs., but they
still tiinked *i.'tr 1Hii :as' much as ever.
Ch'rist wiill b -. riied in spi te of :111
opposition: 11" vill b 1 followed. "A
shin." .1'us ' t in a h04:1t whiehl had
len prepari41 ftor Hlim. "In1 the sea."
The lboat as- in the se. "On the
land." Th1e muilitiltu1- stood onl tie
2. "Taught-bly parables." A par
ablh is inl allegorical relation or rep
resentation oif soimething real in life
or nature,' froml1 which a moral is
drawn for instructiot. Christ's par
able~s are a comnparison of spiritual
thins with natural in order that the
spiritual things may he better under
stood. *In Hi s doctrine." That is, In
His teachiug. ::. "Behold--a sower."
The animated introduction gives plau5
ibility to the view that our Lord point
ed to scone distant sower in sight seat.
lering his seed. 4. "The way side."
There are four kinds of ground men
tioned. The first is the wayside where
no plow had broken it up.
5. "Stony ground." Luke says. "up
on a rock." The rocks of Palestine
and Syria are mostly limestones. with
many flat stretches, covered with an
inch or so of soil. This is the second
kind of -round. "Sprang up." A thin
surface of soil above a shelf of rock
is like a hotbed; the stone keeps the
heat and stimulates the growth. Dur
ing the rainy season in Palestine the
growth would be rapid. G. "Withered
away." Luke says "it lacked moist
ure." The hot sun dried up the meist'
ure and scorched the grain. 7. "Amoni
thorns." The third kind of soil was
good, and thcre was hope of a harvest,
but the ground was filled with pernic
ions seeds. Thorny shrubs and plants
abound in Palestine. 8. "Good
ground." The fourth kind of soil was
rich and well prepared. "Some au.
hundred." This represents the highesi
degree of faithfulness.
II. Why Christ taught in parab!c
9. "Hath nars," etc. This usually
follows :an important statement inti
mating that he who has the discern
ment to understand will find the deeper
meaniig. 1f. "Wien--alone." Either
this explanation to the disciples w'as
made ]a rer. or lie withdrew a short dis
tance from the multitudeso :s to be
alone. Christ evid ently spoke further
to the people on thik .einO lay.
11. "Unto 'you." To you. disciples.
who inquire, and sec-k to know the
truth: to you who are "within" in con
trast to those who -.re "without." "T
know the mystery." The true disciple
has at knowlerdge of the "mystery of
godliness"--the mystery of the atone'
ment and the great plan of salvation,
including repentance, faith. conversion.
12. "That seeing," etc. See Isa. 6:1).
He (lid not spe-ak in parables because
HeI did nlo. wish them to know the
truth and Geo the light. but because
they were in darkness and closed their
eyes to the light.
IIL. The pnrable of the sower ex
plained (i's. 13-.20). 13.' "Know ye
not." etc. Jes;us now proceeds to ar-~
swer the second question (see note on
v. 10). 14. "The sower." Consider
the sower, the .eed, the soil. J. Who
ever preacheth the word of God to
the pecople is rae sower: Jesus Christ.
the apostles, every true minister of the
gospel, all whose holy example illus
tates and impresses gospel truths.
"Soweth the word.'- 2. "The seed is
the w, d of God" (Luke 2:11). The
soil is the heart of man. The seed can
not grow without soil; but the life is
in the seed,. not in the soil. The re
sults. however, dependl largely upon
the kind of soil in which the seed is
sown. 15. "By the way side." The
four kinds ef soil r'epresep)t four classes
of. individuals. Th'e wayside hearers
are those who do not understand be
cause they do not pay proper atten
tion. Sin has hardened the heart.
Evil habits, profanity, unclean
thoughts have tramped it solid. "Word
is sown." In each case the seed was
good. "Have heard." All hear; God
seaks to ev'ery person; all -might heed
and become fruit-bearing Christians
if they would. "Satan cometh." Mat
.thex" says "the wicked one," and Luke
says "the devil."
17. "Have no root." He did not
count the cost (Luke 14:25-33). His
emotions were touched, but his souJ
was not deeply convinced of its right
cousness. "Endure but for' a time.'
While everything goes smoothly and
they ar'e surrounded by good influ
18. "Among thorns." The soil wau
good. but was pr'eoe('upied. The thorny
ground hearers go far'ther than either
of those mentioned in the former in
stances. They had root in themselves
and were able to endure the tribula
t ions. persecutions an ld temptations
that camne upon them; but still they al
lowed other things to cause them tc
20. "G;oodl ground.' Good and lion
est hearts. "Br'ing fortii fruit." Whc
bring fort'a fruit to perfection? 1
Those who'-have heard and received the
word. 2. Those who "keep it" (Luke
8:15); that is. obey the truth. 3. Those
who have pure hearts (Acts 15:9)
hearts made free from siln jRom., 6:22).
4. Thiose who bring forth fruit "with
patienics" (Luke S:13j.
Chalk Made His Mark.
Edwin Chalk, a farmer living near
Wakeeney, is entitled to a good bertth
le~icr the Roosevelt administration.
He is the father of nineteen childre:
and has~ twenty-inei grandchildren.
Moreover, he was a rough rider for
twenty y-ears, having spent that mu'an
ime en the ocean. For five years
he was in the British navy. Whet
Scivil wtar b'oke out he was or
- Bri's n attXeship The Ocean, at
ion'g Kong:. Hie esorted and ('nlist
ed in thce Ameri:mn rnavy, takinga
job on a United States gunb'oat the.
in Hong Kong. After the war was
over he became1tW a sailor on a merchnant
he s e c:ne' to K:asas and4 s(.tic
::pon a farm. .G1 of his eY .:lruon bmt
four still live ia ii,.si, antd most o!
them have .good farms.--Kanlsas Ci>
The mack c. 1a.eIe has Deel
practical v :ine ir 'Nenrumdant
tHiISI N MDA O NOTES 41
Home M;ssions Among Foreigners in
Whuoever thinks of any man '-far
off' is not n :ar to Christ.
Whate-r wall separates men
whCther of intellcutual or social caste.
nmoney or rank or fashion-is unchris
All separation is potenLial war. but
Christ is the Prince of Peace.
The Christian ideal is that of the
household, and the larger the Chris
tian, the larger is the family of his
interests and affections.
The American ideal Is incorporation
-one body-each for all and all for
each. like hands and feet and eyes.
The only prosperity or foreign mis
sions is home missions. Home mis
sions are the fulcrum on which the
lever of foreign missions moves.
In helping the foreigners now in
America we are probably merely re
paying the help given to our own im
I Our cities rule America and the for
eigners rule the cities.
New England is now made up of fif
ty different nationalities.
Every year about one million im
migrants enter our country.
Said an Italian in New York not long
ago: "Americans are not a race; they
are just a society of different races,
and I have a right to join them too."
Six Arabic newspapers are published
in New York by Syrians.
Our Foreign-Born Americans.
It is a great mistake to class any
body of foreign immigrants as "un
desirable." Most of them have been
oppressed for ages, but all have valu
able qualities to contribute to our
Few immigrants have any idea of
free institutions. Recently a party of
gypsies, detained at the immigrant
station on Ellis Island. were frenzied
with fear for their children, who had
been removed to a hospital because
they had measles. They had heard
that the authorities would drown the
children, and were only quieted when
a deputation of mothers was allowed
to go and see that all was well.
EOTH [[AUOLE[[SS[ NS
SUNDAY, APRIL 29.
City Evangelization.-Deut. S. 10-1S;
Ezek. 27. 28.
Do we believe the city can be saved?
Is the gospel really within reach of
these thronging multitudes, not as a
theory, but as a living fact? Can we
hope to enthrone our Christ over all
the busy life and work of tne town?
Can its commerce be brought Into
subjection to him? Can its social life
be made Christian in spirit? Do we
know what methods are needed to
bring about the results that are re
quired of us? Can we adapt ourselves
to the infinite variety of conditions
which exist in the cities? Have we the
resources with which to meet the de
mand for workers, and for money to
carry on the works? Have we men
and women who are fitted to do the
work and willing to attempt it? Have
we tne means with waich to support
To every one of these questions the
only possible Christian answer is,'
''Yes:" Other answer is confession of
failure, not in the cities only, but
everywhere. For we have preached
Christ as the answer to the deepest
human need; but the deepest human
need to-day is found in New York and
Chicago and Canton and Pekmng, and
all the other centers where flumanity
is massed in multitudes. 'i e world's
cities must become like the city which
John saw in his vision, or Christianity
will fail, and with it civiaization will
fall into hopeless ruin.
Christ knew the city well during
his human life Most of his work was
done in the centers of population. In
the week before the crucifixion he set
a most striking example for his fol
lowers-he went to the solitudes that
he might gain strength, and then re
turned to the city that he might spend
it for others. Many of his followers
do just the opposite thing; they go to
the city that they may gain wealth,
and then return, to pleasant country
homes that they mnay spend it on them
Christ knew the city's selfishness,
Its wickedness, its sorrows, its indiU
ference, its hunger. Its avarice he
scouraged; its sorrow he sought to
heal; its hunger he fed; over its in
difference he wept; and for its sin
Christ has no wholesale scheme to
save the city. He is always seeking
to save the individual, not the mass.
And he begins with the individual
heart, rather than any outward need.
There are many ways of Improving
people's condition in life, but there
is only one way of saving them from
Christ's teaching Is followed least
of a1l In the ctiy. His greatest ene
mies are there at their strongest. For
that reason his friends should be at
their best in the city. The city Chris
tian should be the most thoroughgo
ing of all Christians because the tes
timeny of his life is most urgently
needed th'ro, and because he has the
largest anr1 hrdeet field of service.
)ine Banxrupt-s rrmn..
There is a lawyer by the name of
Hoxie out in Hampton, Iowa, who is
noted within a reasonably limited ter
riory as a consummate wag.
A few years ago a good old deacon
in the Congregational church in that
c'ity, who had held many public as welV
as private offices of trust in the comn
munity, found himself on the verge
of financial ruin. In endeavoring te
-ecoup and save himself from insolv
ncy, he dragged a large number of
his unsuspecting friends into the mael
strom, and was finally compelled it
resort to bankruptcy. Now we wil
use Hoxie's own words in telling thE
sequel: "The day was set for the~
decon's discharge in bankruptcy, an
a lteie had got his decree, I wa
ong home foi supper. when I heart
te sou~ndl ci music. I lhmened. anc
'ow that it emanated from the Con
gret'atil church. I was in a qua!:
da'y. Th is was not Sunday. nor ye
pryer. mee ting night.. I approache'
and aeered through the door. Ther
u:aunding. his face wreathed as wv!
hen:i!he viin a copy of the hymn
ieore his tace, and te was 4i:gir:
hat old familiar hymn, 'Jesus piaid
A Waierfal m!Zhwar s-ytstem.
j, 0s4. 11E mioni-y1 ,::;f:n r b
o 1t 1b d : , w" o .:;ridirn
he country from the Atlantic to the
~aciiic and fromo Canada to the Gulf
'ith the best of macadam highways.
he money hus suandered in the
~astern anid Middle Staites aioUe wvould
macadamize every higrhwaty in ;teneralI
se in those sections.
For the past 75 to 150 years. accord
ng to the age of the town, it has been
he practice every recurring spring to
'tix the roads." or work out the high
~vay tax." This means the throwingt
nf of a shovelful of gravel, or worse
ret, of loam, here and there, building
n occaslona'. water-break or "thank
o-marm." makingt a futile attempt
in some cases and in some places to
lean out the gutters, throwing out an
,fending cobblestone once in a while.
The first smart summer shower un
loes the half of this clumsy patch
vork and the following winter or early
pring completes its destruction.
A certain New England town has for
he past 100 yea''s appropriated an
iverage of $5000 per year for this al
eged maintenance of its highways, and
Ms a rault its road are no better tan
:hey were in the most remote memory
>f its oldest inhabitant. Quite likely
hey are no better than they were soon
fter the town was first incorporated.
& half million dollars practically wast
d in one small town! This would
inacadamize every necessary highway
here. if permanent highway improve
inent's ad been inaugurated at the
thtset, the town's valuation and popu
atlon would to-day have been doubled.
To compute what this perniciously
asteful practice has cost the farmer
nd business ma in wear and tear
Dvould be impossible. Its responsibility
'or wrecked vehicles, for crippled
horses. for broken harness, is incal
m-ulale. Little use to seek further
the rationale for abandoned farms. It
nay be readily found in a system that
as produced the worst possible high
vys at the highest possible cost.
It is not thast the poverty of the
armer has made the system a conse
uence. but that the system has made
the poverty of the farmer a conse
uence. True. .ood roads associa
ions, the automobile. the bicycle, road
taking machinery. scientific road
makers, and a somewhat awakened
>ublic sentiment. have done something
o cripple this recklessly wasteful patch
ighway system. But it ought to be
femalished root and branch.
Let the motto hereafter he: Every
hing for permanent highway improve
ment; not one cent for patch wvork
Let one piece of solid, smooth and per
anent highway be contructed every
year, and let the balance of the roads
rest without a single penny of atch
work expenditure. Where this sys
tem of highway maintenance has pre
ailed for so long the roads are bad,
f course: but they cant be mue
worse. Get the road roller, the rock
rusher, the grader and the scraper;
let the expense be divided among two
r three towns if necessary. And be
ot afraid of runn ng into debt to pur
hase them. Debt acquired for such a
purpose of economy and prosperity is
an incentive, a stimulus. a gain, a
blessing. It is laying up for a rainy
day-for the time when there will be
no necessity for so much expense to
keep the highways in repair and for
the time when whatever that expense
may be. it will be borne easily and
cheerfully by the prosperous farmer
who is living under a rati'onal high
Those Bad 'Eoads.
We have said a great deal in this
department upon the havoc played by
bad roads and what a decided advant
age good roads would be to the far
mer. We feel almost compelled to
bring this matter up again after just
finishing reading that in most parts
of the West there is an exceedingly
good market for corn, the demand com
ing principally from the stockmen. It
Is reputed that "in some places the
farmers are able to get forty cents per
bushel at bomne. Cars are becoming
plentiful in sections where they were
scarce. but there are still places where
they are scarce, and bad country roads
have been an obstacle to free market
ing." "Sibortage of cars and bad roads
the obstacle in free marketing." Isn't
it really shameful? There is the far
mer possessed of good crops, and the
buyer practically standing ready to
give him for his products any reason
able figure that he may ask for them.
and yet they are compelled to abbre
inte their transactions on account of
the transportation facilities. The renm
edy for a shortage of ears the farmer
has not yet so well in hand, and possi
bly neither has the railroad- for the
law of supply and demand cuts ani im
portant figure in this matter; .but "the
bad country roads" is a matter that
lies right at the farmer's door and be
knows just what the remedy is. It is
up to him" to right this matter, and
as soon as he does a v'ery important
step towards advancement has been
take-New York Witness.
Babes in the 'Wood.
It is not alone in our great Engiisht
cities that children are to 'be fann4
who have never known the joys of a
day in the country. There are-or
were until a short time ago-two at
least of them in Berlin. But at last
good fortune chanced their way, and
into the country they were taken.
They were not at first favorably im
pressed with what they saw, gazing
about them with stolid disfavor. But
in ime they came to where a flock of
sheep were feeding in a field. Then.
indeed, littl Mlax opened his eyes.
"Look. 31oritz:" he cried excitedly,
there are lots anrd lots of sheep with
out whels:"-Lonldon Tribune.
Mine Explosions in Wales
Records covering a long series of
years show that in the coal wines of
WVales most of the fatal explosions
have occurred (luring the extremes of
summer and winter, while in sprinmg
and fall such accidents have been in