Newspaper Page Text
Views Iowing the
5 -- -
THL ' RINS OF TIIE STANF
'h eastern section of the C(ounltr'y is
O.o l ow ~inntin-.; to realize thle wide'
p n-re of the Sau FrIaneisto0
(d ~i sager. T: pictures of the wre'e4
nud bar:1:.:City niow ClOuill, inte
th' .'Lory ,itwas2 junpow4sile to) h' it
in ay oherway.
city is not the Southern
i::* o. :i:ket street. ther area wvhere
t' im dvt:;tiel wa widost and the
A1. TH.-. TEIM.IXNS OF GRA
/ r'- B~~
- eam .aa s.w' me-e~sso oae
'ennte:5 CndUNintent street ItV i
vsin i area Ixhat the. \alnei
between E:zhtceenth und Nineteevh
The~ asphaiur us broken as~ th::ngh :.-ren:t
hubbles h:''d forced thieir way throu411gh
At the ."m'netr of. .l(,i Ihmnt and Y
de:-e : r ur n fa t ha::9 that o fI 01nC
ici "*'tenD e Timsi the gre1avi-t
be:t:n fct the Caitheural of Lece.
on h: 'filest in Ita1!y-nxbout 2"'
fee--i. a1ho of great anuxtiq.uity. Its
we':::Inen ;. due to thle daly r*~iu.Ig
its enormous bel!s.
*:::m i I::u iflndf lend wiall o. l y
T I:- m: wvhex n'a ed bt separateii
owed to the Oyster.
In1 thtc n:xiuin clf an j1i'Cu.e an oys
t . es tz: nul naiturel. is ai symphoie'
V.-:m, C) 'hichx the dash~1es o; enyInn
opper, sI iu4eez.e oft lemion: .jiu.- :md
ti: b n' breadi. and butter are. the
e ne a Watch Dos ,
~~ residenit keeps a goose
:1a awalteh dog. Hec hxas
1iia bid to :: ve~ a cr'edi tu hdt
in io ' l:ntor dear boo~ter' when
er . : rapro.es-Bngo
Devastating Effects o
0112D MEMORIAL A SECT10
loin there, is a hole ten feet wide.
Th e aSphiaI t is-, frued up1 froml thle een
tre of this hole, 1ke thie petals oI
flower, and. from it comes a streatn of
vilear wateWr. No one eon tell whe~ter
thsgeam comes frlomn a broken main
Lr fro :I brok which u1sed to runl
down Eightoeenth str-eet.
\'aieni'7a 114tel sank tenl fe-et into the
earth and pio-hied forward into the
s:ree-x-t. Wh"en thle debris of the hotel
CHl:IL STOCKTON AND
A% .n -
iEll:ii Ahr i .\ hol te fe- wi
whes eli-al w t wn true l'l mo l thatII
the :fsthii hom-en efre ets had
Uniwved :i:w frd it mes a streol fn
foer hih. The ho1to ri t whCh9h
f om ans snak x tim-led t watr.
VTenbi'. tir obter :nte tet hlin:1
frme d hiTe forw]arn tint the
s/et. W'ioe no i thehi ci thi! htel
.n.a'.W.r.-...ses,...r. ort.M... i
wneu atIutr Pon.o h
then .Ue it ;v of :i th at
dri ligh i thestret ofi I\resto.
Ef::iued(*liI, an t substitu t ieudes
Phan' lns Or' h:t t.y .1Vwill it'
bete ih: bt\ thn nows ietr ebnpr .ot.
'U)e tI(e o~til ri stamp of theR uli.
t l:Int:Uf wonal swin sed n
Iti rreer seinto theretion~ ofll drink
andi ins~aiy: "I cannt beV deied Ctha
lcohte 1is.i ta~t bri\ 1 ic poio-ew ork
v ning Sun.'niSan.
ke T he')li Rtainient ()Day. iu
Ai ceiebratedt ernaut aert atx
aUthye in eta ot the moon ish th mos'.
rainuy.~e ofthewol ten elainht arn
Earthquake and Fir
----- - - *
N OF THE CITY DURING
- i>. U OF ST. .ARTS COLLE(
the baiy shore. It is severail miles dis
tan t from the (hi Ch:inatown. A
Chinese who have left. the city arn1
who return to it will be concentrate
at the new point.
M RKIT STIqITL AT
1- ;'- u . ~e 1)11 !~~ : e
]..e 1am -1-.m- a-rm (4u --nna tt -i nl a- r .. h u u
El-.:i ')t -pa. i sa l hia - if l b
In dConesp frn rajeee
A:e e goved at~ .\iil Kateri. Enhid
niersc shcwre hmer n. welina Kilor
wail.~daey l~i the ('nsOfiu le a
lthte Kin ofiien S axn- mi fte thoeri
Priem na' Tile
KingEdwar hamst o ordaindth
Princes Eart of tenberlthe futuar
(uetn of ~d myin.wet sha lecorth o bsi
sIniat contept of- cuvieS. ez
in San Francisco.
It is now decided tiht the old linelf
I-it city will nt he followed, but
inst-:nl new thoroumghfares will be
-:--1. nd 1 streets imale wider than
-mer*:y. ind a uniform style of airchi
.:tire :l*o'ipted. For t vo years Daniel
.:rinham:1. :i :iirehib-et. i'i heen agi
i:: for i 'i-y be:utiful. le had ra!
ed miuiybu'iiineis mni10 i S surprt.
his p1:1'5 were bli ne biy *le
!: :iutloritie only two months ago
!wvho 11 i reasn inl cost.
Now. 1l: .-xin di.,ster of eartliquiake
:i ire h:s mil:i possible the neeom
ismintof Buriiam's dream. which
hi lmun admitted by every one
!tl TIranisform Sarn Franc!seo into
:h most be:iitiful city in the world.
W r ill begin at once in pushing
irham' inideas to coinplete develop
tnm all the municipal officials
nthiusintic over the outlook.
:Inynor S-hmitz expressed his delIght
%ith the pJiai for the new San Fran
'The whole (ity will h remodeled."
n:id 'Mayor Schmitz. "We will start
*vork right at the water front. Even
1:' ferry house, which survived the
ire. will be torn down and replaced
ESHOWING IAMAGE DONE BY
- Iby a magniticent structure on the Burn
Iham designs. In the water front see
tion alone we will spend $25.000,000.
New wharves and depot will be built.
and market street from end to end
CORNER OF. FIRST.
will offer two unbroken lines of sky
s'ornpers. Throughout the city improve
mlent wvill be carried out exactly as Mr.
Burnham has advocated for two years.
"We will have a great boulevard and
terrace at Twin Peaks, and the several
new parks and other beauty spots coni
'eived by the architect now will be con
structed. The ebanges will cost tens
of miillions, 1 ut the result will be that
Sani Fraincis--o wvill stand as the most
beautiful of all cities. I predict that
there will he nothing to compare to the
new city- in beauty annd utility. We
were too cr.nmped in our business
'quarters. N.ow we are going to have
plenty of elin w-room., anil, besides, we
will ha~ve a city that will delight the
eye. All tile oldI ugliness has gone for
"The new San F'ranciseo will be b~et
te'r thani the. old, a:s was the ecise in
BRostoni. Chti(n'O . Sea ttl Gal (i vestont and
Ral t iiore, hli on a much larger sea Ie.
Thirty daiys will see 5' .000 mIiien at
wo'rk in thle V urnid district."'
The delivert of teingrapie m~essage~s
to pe'rsons ~i Sian Iraniciisco was :i i
inp ibiit. The mtessenmger service
oft the big coimpanilies wais paral
noers in Mlexico.
'[lie Boer c~oony. established in thie
-State oh ('ihihti uau. Mlexico, two year
a go, is doing we'l. The~ colonists are.
-i vn mym ' up oney. They hiav e dispeiised
wtht \lex\icani I I no and are doing theLir
The country'. orane Crop.
Las~t ars pro~ductio olif oranmges ini
this enmitry wvas 1il. f00.0002 boxes. or
prohnh 1.IL00.i t:N.0002( oran uges. Th!at
Ais iin Illowanice or twenty to eatch iin
An Alpine Telephone.
L The telephne is to be invoked as an
- additionalI security againust dlisalster to1
climblers in the~ Alps. Itaily will have
-the hionior of the first inustailation,
which wvill take place in the Como re
New Survey of TIripohl.
An I taI ian se~ientitic cxpedition will
shortly proceed to Tripoli to carry ouht
.. a topo;;raphical survey. It was re
- cent ly found' that there were errors of
RECORD Of DISASTERS
Millions of Lives Lost As The Result
records appe-:!nly wer nnb. of
the ri of pi::::si ad lI-ren
-N. peril is - rier 11 h(1 :1 k e t ail ro
eenth V Ien h's wer dou.bles for;
rest-einiv .:reel. at. least. but ris
tvii l !- e 4l .Ii!!::r on tilese events.
It i supsed by scinatstI tha: ma ny
pait of the earthi' surace oW qute
wer im aine- nd t J im7eal periods
I erlier earlili e r'-mains re
corded than that of 425 B. C.. when
the Island or eubioea was formed.
Wiiat loss of life there was then not
even legend relates. An earthquake
accompnied the eruption of Vesu
vis in 7!1 A. Di . In 742 A. 1). Syria,
Palestine and other reious were de
vastated by a series of shocks which
r-estroved more thtan 300 towns and
hunadrteds of thousands ofC persons.
Sicilys arn 10take in 1137 took
15,000 livrs, andu from that time his
tory is re'ltdte with records of similar
eatastrop h. Ea- thakes have oCe
eurred with e-:ater t reqtency in vol
eane laeitrits and(particularly along
the boundries bietween eat eleva
tions and Idenressions. But sneh
shoeks are not contined to volcanie
areas, and, indeed. they have oten
occurred in regitns remote'from them.
One large zone parilularlyv liable to
earthquakes enereles the earth. in
inoludes the Mediterreleand lands. he
Azores. the West Indies. Central nm
erie, th 1 Sandu iieh Jsils. Jpil
China. Idi:i. Persia and Asia Minor.
The Great Lisbon Quake.
November -1. 175--Great enrtht
quake at Lishon. en about'S mint es
most of the houses and 20.000 in
habitats were destroved and whiol
streets. The c0itie-s of C' imbra. Opt
to and raga suffered much and St.
Ubes was de4stroye.d. in Spain ~a largze
part o') Mtaiaga became ruin:. One
half ot F i, in Morocco. was destroy
ed and more than 1.200 Arabs per
ished. Thte upper half of the island
of Maderia bec-(ame waste and 2.0(00
houses in Mfitylene. in the Archipela
go. were 2,ver ithowt. The q eak . was
felt evr 5,00)0 miles. eveni
October 30,. 1~30-In S,:riat over
10.000U .quare miles. Ibaa!ltee d(est roy
ed and 20.0010 persons pterished.
June 28, 17t3-Comuorn, Pesth,. etc.,
August. 17G7-At Martinique 1,000
June 7, 1773.--At Guatemala. San
tiage, with its inhabitants swallowved.
July 8. 177.-A destructive one
1780-At Tauris 13,000 houses
thrown down and muiiiititudes buried.
September, 1186i-At Calabia, a
city with its inhabitants overwhelmed.
126S-In Cilicia, 0i0,000 persons
1274-One felt again throughout
England; G lastonbu ry dlestroyedl.
November 14. 1509--Const antinople
February 26. 1531-At Lisbon. 1,
500 houses destroyed and S0.000 per
sons perished in the ruins; several
nighbloring towns engulfed.
July 2, 1596-in Japan, several eit
is ruined, thionsands perished.
April (1. 15S0-In London, part of
St. Panl's and Temple Churches fell.
July 30, 1620.-In Naples. 30 vil
lages ruined and 70;300 lives lost.
August 13-15. 1S6S.-Cities of Are
uipa, iquique. Taena and Chinchia and
many' small towns in Peru and Equa
dor (lest roved; 25,000 lives lost. 80,
000 homeless; damage $300,000,000.
Destruction of Mt. Pelee.
The destruction lby volcano Mon
Pelee of St. Pierre and other towns
on the Island of Mar-tinique on May
S, 1902, was accompanied by earth
quake shocks through all the West
1-dies. In this ser-ies of disasters
more than 30.000 lives were lost. Of
those who remained in the city of St,
Pierre only two escaped alive.
The Charleston Quake.
Charleston, S. C., was visited on
August 31, 1SS6, by a sever-e earth
quake that shook dowtn many build
ings and caused the loss of many
lives. fTe property loss was S,000,
000. This disturbance was felt over
the entire eastern section of the Unit
Thirteen Earth Shocks in Tuscany.
Rome. By Cable.-Thirteen earth.
soeks were felt in successlonl mi tue
province ot Sienta, Tuscniy. Severial
buildings weretdamag(d. inc(lutditng the
ity ha.ll at P'oggib-onsi. nineteen miles
south of Florence. The inhabimuats
of Poggibon si were P'an ic-stricken.
The Great Java Disaster.
Augttst 20, 1SS:---.Ihva. Sumatri
ed neig-hboring islands almost deso
lated by s:ies of earthtuakes and
volcanoes. this being (lie oceasaon ol
the -reat erupltion ofi th1 vol-ncr
paniedl by ext raordian ry p'd-u-ome-na.
the golde-n dust in the heavens nmk
ing the gorgeous i-ed sunsets observed
almnost around t he world for sever iai
Suits For Libel.
N.>hville. Special.--As a result of
the telephone fight in this city last
car-. Councilman Hitt and Allen sued
the Home Telephone Company and
he American company andi its offi
eers arnd editor for $20.000 for allezed
libel or $S0 .000 in all. Several orthen
ihei suits against the Amerieat
re-.-owng oat of this tight are tnou
rending in court.
The Greatest Disaster of This Char
acter That the World Has Known.
Just 1,ow n:sh dara'eo h:ss been
Vruouiht by the earthiuke in Sun
Fraicisco a other plaLCe in Califor
nie-how mar. live- and how much
property .1ave ben ost-is not
klown. but tIec- ex.et il lives,
ith the ealoiiaes getnoh
i.o be rcorded in h istor%. The fl
wing' i'. a list of earthouintkes ince
the be-nia; Of the eihtcenti C:i
t1rv. aCo)rd;In to Malha!:
Lives lost t
J70: -Yeddo.. .. ........190.000 ]
1716-Algiers.. ..........18.000 t
1726--Palerm... . .. .. .... 6.000
1746-Lima.. .. ...... ...8.000
1754-Cairo.... .. .. .. .. 40,000
1753-Lisbon.. .. .. .. ..... 35,000
1 77:3-Guatemala.. .... ...:2.000 t
1797-Quiio .. .. .. ...... 41.000
161--Mendoza, S. America 12.000
1S(8-Arica.. .. .... ....6.000
1880-Mlanila...... .. .. ..000
18S3-Ischia.. .. ....... 2,000
This is a total of 521.000 ilves lost
by earthquakes in 175 years. The
greatest loss in hisiory was at Yeddo, r
Japan. in 1703, when 190.000 lives t
were l)sr. The next greatest was at e
P'ekin. China, in 1731, when the loss
%. as 95.000. The earthquake at Lis- s
hon. Portugal. occurred on All Saints'
Day. Nov. 1. 1755, when within eight
minutes most of the houses in Lisbon
wer-e destroyed and 50,000 lives were o
b,-s-. though Mulhall puts the number f
at :35.000. Nearly 3,000 persons who e
had taken refuge on a quay on the
banks of the Tagus, were engulfed e
by a sa wave forty feet high. The
dana.te was estimated at 20.000,000 u
pou:inds sterling, or about $100,000. v
000. 'According to Humboldt the en
tire surface disturbed by this earth
quake was equal to four times the b
area of Europe. The shock was felt '
as far as Scotland on the north, Asia t
;inor on the east, Moroco on the d
south and the West Indies on thE
The hca iest orthonake that ever
occurred in the United States. until
the recent one. occurred in CharIles
ton, S. C.. Aug. 31. 188G. when sev
(ral hundred buildings were shaken
to pieces r..id three-fourths of the
whole number in the city made unin
habitable. Scores of people were kill
ed and the loss of property amounted
It will be noticed from the above
table that earthquakes have been
widelv distributed over the world.
China, .Tapan. Peru, Egypt, Portugal,
Italy, the Philippines, South Ameri-.
ea and he West Indies have had visi
tations, and two notable disturbances
have occurred in the United States.
Various explanations as to the causes
of earthquakes have been made by the
seientists, but nobody can furnish ab-r
selute knowledge on the subject. We e
cnly know that they occur, that they r
are exceedingly unpleasant visitors,p
and we suppose that they are the re- 1
sult of internal fire or heat and gass- n
es, such as belch -forth from the e
earth's volcanoes at 'rregular periods. fi
Millions for Relief.
From the incomplete figures of the
contributions which have been made it
's estimated that the San Francisco
fund is rapidly nearing the total of
$10,000,000 and will have passed that
figure by Monday, when the United
States Congress, it is announced, will
odd $1,000,000 to the .$1,000.000 ap
propriated from the Treasury at
WasHington. In the burst of gener
ouis centributiors, New Yortk City
ranks next to the government itself
and bids fair to far exceed the Fed
eral contributions. The New York
fund amounted to aprroximately $2,
000.000, with contribLdons coming in
The State of Massachusetts has un-t
dertaken to raise $3,000,000, and with t
Boston's gerterous help is well on thet
way to the goal.
Chicago 's fund, spontaneously sub
scribed, is approaching $1,000,000 and
premises to go beyond that sum. Phil- C
adelphia has sent $500,000. These
are but a few of the larger sums. A
score or more cities are contributing
$100.000 and more, while hundreds of
municipalities are sending all their
means will allow. From London. ,
Paris. Berlin and wherever Ameri
cans are congregated. a generous mn
flow of gold is rep)orted.
Pittsburg has given $100.000; com.- t'
mercial men of Cleveland. $100.000;h
St. Louis. $200.000: Sacramento,r
100.00)0, and Seattle. $fl0.000. t
Thrioughout the country ti:entrical h
1.erformances are being planned. the a
proceeds to go to the relief fund. p
In addition to this all the larger
towns and cities of the South are i
gving Trom their treasuries and rais- b
ing enormous amounts by popular
subscription. Never before have tl'
whole people resp~ondedl so gen erously
and so promptly to the cry of need.
Due to Pent-up Energy. 1
Dr. Phillip R. Uhler. provost of the a
Peabody Institute. Balimore. said. in
the absence of details, the causes that ti
led up to he earthquake could not be e
H~e seemed to think that on bo-th
sides of the earth there is a great deal
of energy pent up. and without nat- h,
ural channels to car-ry it off. so vol
canic erupions and earthquakes re
There must have been a weak stra
tumn under San Francisco, Dr. Uhler o
said. and it seemed to be near the
coast. He thought. in all probability.
the djistuirbanice was entir-ely earth
quake activity and not voleanic. This
condition, lhe sugrgested. might
have been caused by washings from
the coast a great distance below the
surface and he displacement of im
11W PAN FOR HELP
ian Fralcisco Would Borrow
Large Sum OF Gcveir m::t
I3TY BECOMING NOM AGAIN
I. E. Lar:3. One or Wses m
Hen Now C:: Wa, :
to Lay the Matter tEfore the Aath
o Coiiress for th( loan fe Seveal
2illion dollars at per. eint interest Ind
D be securel y nortave. is io be
iande by the )inesA men of San
rancisco. The loan. it is planned.
S to rull for a lnm periodi (f year-.
ferbert E. Law. one of the wealthiest
aen in the State. is now on his way
D Washiington to cosult the President
n the matter. He made known his
anns before starting.
The impression which seems to hare
revailed in eastern cities that there
as friction over the concentration
.id distribution of Red Cross supplies
tas been corrected by Dr. Devine,
eneral agent of the Red Cross, who
epeated his assertion of Thursday
hat the work was carried on to the
itire satisfaction of everybody.
The task of placing the city in a
anitary condition is in full swing.
verv available barge is being used to
aul the debris tive miles from the
ity and dump it into the bay. One
f the greatest tasks yet to be per
ormed is in the distriets which es
aped the flames.
Practically every house lost its
himiey. necessating the issuing of or
ers prohibiting the building' of fires
til the chimneys are rebuilt. House
iven are cookiii their meals in the
ards. raiii or shine.
The eveninzs are so eold that marn
are contracted bronchiainI troubles.
lie withdrawals from the banks eon
ne ligh. min aet are ihhter than
Conditions Becoming Normal
The last sign of confusion and mis
nerstanding which at times existed
as disappeared. and the first signs of
he return to former conitions were
he resumption of street car traffic in
ertain streets and the taking out of
he first permit for the erection of a
aodern steel structure on the ground
enpijed a few days ago by a less, sub
Chairman Phelan. of the finance
onmite of the relief and Red Cross
unds, gave out a complete statement
f money contributions received for
he relief of San Francisco up to and
acluding April 26. The list shows the
rand total of $4.931,03S, of which
213,930 was contributed locally.
Physicans and Nurses.
San Francisco, Special-The steam
e Buckmian, of the Alaska line, in
ommand of Captain E. B3. Wood, ar
ived here late Wednesday night with
rovisions and supplies for the home
ass people of this city. The vessel
inde a record run from Seattle. but
neountered off (Cape Blaneo. a terri
e sea which crew and passengers be
leve was caused by a subterranean
rution and which for a time threat
ned to engulf the staunch ship on it;
rrand of maerey.
Freight Train Kills Three.
Bluefield. WV. Va.. SpeciaL.-Harry
ilson, his wife, and FEdgar Smith
;ere struck by a freight train on the
orfolk and Western road hecre. angl
ere instantly killed, their bodies be
g badly mutilated. The three were
;alking on the track and~ stepp)ed
rm in front of one train into the
ray of the freight.
Passenger Train Fired On.
Petersburg. Special.-As passenger
can No. 53, southbound, on the Atlan
c Coast Line railway. wa passing
rough Petersburg, and while going
p the grade betwwen Lombard and
'ranglin streets,-some unknown per
n fired into one of the passenger
aches. The bullet shattered one of
a window glasses, but no one was mn
Dowie is Still Lively.
Chicago. Special.-Dowie 's "dea
ns'' deny that he is facing death in
rapid decline due to consumption.
he declare lhe is still lively enou'gh
make a iht on those who expelled
im from Zijn City. Dowie admits
conciition to his wife. but denies
at he has fori'ivenf his sorn, andl says
e does not intend to. His personal
teadants are packing his effects
repartory to a visit to Zion City
atinv~i. 3Mrs. Dowie assured him
it his stay at Sihiloh House would
U. S. Leads in Exports.
Wshiam Special-The Uniited
te' exiormid lire goods in 191)5
an any other~ naitie in the world.
[erdigi to the staistEs tabulated
)tal expiorts ii. comary amo-mit
et:a 3 :1..*000 in 'i*'ts Great
vitai ran.: 1 1ir t nited States
Conditional Gift of S$12.500.
Boston. Specal.-A co.nditiona! gift
f 1.500 h byAnde-,; C.arneCge to
eaa. Ga. D .as " an i.nneed here by