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PUBLISHED WEEKLY WINNSBORO, S. C. WEDNESDAY, JUNE 6, 1906. ESTABLISHED 1844
SOUTr CAROLINA FARMING.
Twenty Years Ago and Twenty Years
Hence; A Review and a Prospect.
(Chas. Petty in Proyrcssicc Farer.)
During the last twenty-five S
Years Piedmont South Carolina a
has moved forward in all her a
industries. This is especially the
case on farms. The ideal farmer t
is the one who makes his own h
supplies, improves his land, every '
year, has a comfortable and at- a
tractive home, with good work
animals, good schools and good 1
neighbors. Very few have reached
a point where they can say they S
have done their best. But com- h
paring present conditions with P
the past, there is room for con- .
gratulation. The first marked
difference in the- present and past
is the increased intelligence of
the farmers and their families. 1
Twenty-five years ago the average t
farmer knew little about plant r
food and its application. He 9
bought blindly and applied it in s
the same way. So it was guano s
with a popular brand on it he u
would by regardless of the cost b
-or value. He has also learned s
how to judge agricultural imple- b
anents. It is pretty difficult for h
an agent, although 'a hypnotist, n
to unload a lot of cultivators and C
lights to make a fence and 8100 b
lightning rods (on $75 houses) on t
the farmers as they did a quarter 9
of a century ago. They under- r
stood the elements of plant food f
in the soil and the kind of fertili
zer to apply to t' is field or that. a
Another great improvement is i
harmony existing between all of r
our business people. Formerly
the farmers were taught to con
sider manufacturers, middlemen
and bankers as their enemies.
That was the day of the cheap I
politician. Some of the same a
sort are left. But the farmers n
have been at school. They have e
Do enemies now except themselves. I
They feel and know that general
and lasting prosperity rust de- w
pend upon good fellowship and a
harmony amongst all business u
.classes. Every one who produces ti
anything or handles the products
of the soil adds to the wealth of*
-the country, is the farmer's friend n
:and he knows it. C
Great progress has been made a
in the soil. Men are now usiu I
brains instead of brute force. 3
"They have been seeking reasons $
for doing this or that thing. They
are working intelligently. They
have better farm implements and
use them more skillfully than ever
7before. They are learning how f,
to deepen the soil and bring into
available condition the vast stores a
of potash and phosphoric acid a
llocked up in the red clay. They I ,
bei ounderstand how to catch I
and hold the nitrogen in the air ~
and turn it into plant food. With ~
improved implements they are
doing as much work now in one
day as they did in two in formere
days. Another great improvement a
is the increase in yield of various r,
crops. Only a few years ago the b
yield. of lint cotton was about 133 e
pounds to the acre. They have
increased that about 40 per cent, e
even the yield of corn, which re
ceives too little attention, has a
been slowly increased.
Another step forward is the t
Kraising of better cattle for beef t
and dairy. Almost any farmer ~
now can own a cow that will make
a pound of butter a day, and y
many of them make two pounds a
a day. This comes from proper
selection of cows and proper y
feeding. Then beef cattle are j
attracting thae attention cf some
of our farmers, and they areb
ginning to raise the heavy cattle.
A good crop for a year or two c
is a good thing, but it may not be
the best thing. We consider theC
:greatest improvement made by i
farmers in the increase of knowl- e
edge. They beginning to
understand a li' le about their t,
business and. th e are anxious to (
hlearn more. They are giving up i
their prejudices against "book 3
farming" and they seek the aid of 3
ehemists and other experts. Tlhey
read agricultural papers as they
never did be fore.
Bu2t our farmers are picking up
only a few pebbles on the shore. t
The great sea of knowledge has!
to be explored yet. They are far r
below their highest ideals and t
they need the guiding hand of d
wisest men to point out the way s
for them. We verily believe that d
this is to be the farmer's centary. s
It will be, if he will only use well a
the brains his Maker has given t
I'aiid, inaLctive liver can produce
~orebtdily ills than almost anytlinug 1
.Iti. goc d to clean the syst em out
sionally. Stir the liver up. and
nto shape generally. The be-st i
are derived from the use of De- f
Little Early Risers. Reliable e
epleasant pills with a reputa- r
ever :rime RonM by 8.11 drugt- ]
here is riore in the lari Than in the
Sidney Lanier, our great Geor
ia poet, tells a pleasing and in
trictive story of a man, who was
lways grumbling about his land,
nd who, after selling it and go
ig West, found upon his return
aat another had taken the same
Lnd and made it a thing of beauty
rith its crops of fleecy cotton
nd waving corn.
It is not the gambler and the
tggard who wins in the battle of
fe, but the diligent and progres
ive man who proves himself a
ero in the strife and who has the
atience "to labor and wait,"
nowing that to persevering and
atelligent toil final victory is
Many a man who starts with
o experience, but goes to work
: carefully learn from the expe
ence of others making a dili
ent study of the conditions that
arround him and adjusting him
elf to those conditions, making
se of scientific principles and
usiness methods, will attain a
access which will put to the
lush the man who has farmed all
is life without learning anything
ew or improving in any way the
:ndition of his fields exhausted
y the old methods of farming
at would produce g6ond results
a virgin soil, but fail of desired
3sults on that already wornout
Every business must be kept
breast of the times, and that of
ie farmer is no exception to this
ile.-Georgia Department of
"When I was a druggist at
ivonia, Mo.," writes T. J. Dwyer,
nw of Gravsville, Mo., "three of
y customers were permanently
ired of consumption by Dr.
:ing's New Discovery, and are
eli and strohg to-day. One
as trying to sell his property
ad move to Arizona, but after
sing New Discovery a short
me he found it unnecessary to
r so. I regard .Dr. King's Ne w
iscovery as the most wonderful
Ledicine in existence." surest
ough and Cold cure and Throat
ad Lung healer. Guaranteed by
[cMaster Co. and Jno. H. Mc
[aster & Co., druggists. 50c and
1. Trial bottle free.
Piant Cow Peas.
Plaut cow peas, young man.
nd you will not have to go west
>r rich lands.
Plant cow peas, yonne man,
ud pay back to natur'e's God the
ebt that your forefathers owe
>r the crime of robbing the lanel
f its life-giving powers to all the
ora and fauna of our lovely
Plant cow peas, young mani,
aat you may grow cotton more
eaply and double the yield per
cre, thus bringing in double the
turns for your labor or that
igh priced labor that you are
ampelled to use.
Plant, cow peas, young~ man,
yn if you have to pay $1.:00 per
eck for seed. This will drill in
iore than one acre, which will:
ake a ton of hay'; at the same
me improve the land and double
1e yield of oatts to follow, andi
ill "permit your oat crop to b)e
lanted early in the fall, whichi is
ry important in order to insure
stand that will resist winter
eezing. Plant oats and peae,
oung man. and quit sowing wild
ats andi skinning the land like
-me fathers have done.
A Mountain of Gold
auld not bring as much happi
ess to Mrs. Lucie. Wilke, of
aroine, Wis., as did one 25e
ox of Buck len's Arnica Salve,'
'hen it complietely cured a run
ng sore on her leg, which had
>rtured her 23 long years
'reatest antiseptic healer of
iles, Wounds and Sores. 25c at
fe~aster Co.'s and Jno. H
IcMaster & Co.'s drug stores
A Thought for tac Wgek.
Neer ask a man whatheknows,
ut what he can do. A fellow
ay know everything that's hap-'
ened since the Lord started t.he
all to rolling, and not be able to'
o anything to help keep it from
topping. But when a man can
o anything, he's bound to know
oething worth while. Books
re all right, but dead men'.
rains are no good uinless you mix
live one's with them.-Old
For a painful b r hr is nothin.r
keDkt' WVic Haz'elI av
here aire ai host of imixt;'tin of IX
itt's W\itch Hazel Salva on the l r
et-se that vou gzet the genuine. A
>r DeWitt's. GoIod, too), for sunbu drn,
uts, bruises, and e~peiaily recom
.ended for piles. The name E. C.
)eWitt & Co., Cuiicago, is on every
-. Sold by all rugist.
Emerson's Ten Commandments.
Thou shalt not profess that
which thou dost not believe.
Thou shalt not heed the voice
of a man when it doos not agree
with the voice of God in thine
Thou shalt study and obey the
laws of the universe, and they
shall be thy fellow servants.
Thou shalt speak the truth as
thou seest it, without fear, in the
spirit of kindness to all thy fel
lo;w-creatures, dealing with the
manifold interests of life and the
typical characters of history.
Nature shall be to thee a sym
bol. The life of the soul, in con
scious union with the Infinite,
shall be for thee the only real
Let thine eyes be open and
thine eyes will reveal to thee
Go forth with thy message
among thy fellow-creatures. Teach
them that they must be guided
by that inner light which dwells
with the pure heart, to whom it
was promised of old that they
should see God.
Teach that each generation be
gin3 the world afresh with perfect
freedom; that the present is not
prisoner of the past, but that to
day holds in captivity all yester
days, to compare, to judge, to
accept, to reject their teachings,
as these are shown by its morn
To thy fellow-countryinen thou
shalt preach the gospel of the
New World, that here, here in
America is the home of man, that
here is the promise of a new and
more.excellent social state than
history has recorded.
Thy life shall be as thy teach
ings, brave, pure, truthful, benefi
cent, hopeful, cheerful, hospitable
to all honest belief, all sincere
thinkers, and active according to
thy gifts and opportunities.
Not if as Rich as Rockefeller.
If you had all the wealth of Rockc
feller, the Standard Oil magnate, you
could not buy a better medicine for
bowel complaints than Chamberlain's
Colic, Cholera and Diarrhoea Remedy.
The most eminent physician can not
presei ibe a better preparation for colic
and diarrhoea, both for children and
adults. The uniform success of this
remedy has shown it to be superior to
all others. It never fails, and when
reduced with water and sweetened, is
pleasant to take. Every family should
be supplied with it. Sold by Obear
Drug Co. and all medicine dealers.
The Country Correspondent.
Again at night when the work
is done, N ou pick up the country
weekly from the old home. You
look over the town news, scan the
blazing half-page ads and turn
over to the country correspon
dence. Not that you were ac
quainted in every neighborhood
from all over the county, nor do
'iou know the present generation
spoken of in the news items. But
here and there is an old family
name that makes you think and
takes you back to the good old
days gone by. An item abont the
o'd church or the school, and as
you sit there the recollection
Irngs back memories all but for
gotten. You wander out on the
big road through the valley and
woodland to the big farm-house.
Thna hundred faces of boyhood
cmpanions are all before you as
you picture the revival at the
crossroads church or the spelling
bee at the old red school. house,
and~ wvonder what has become of
all the' boys and girls you left
when you started west.
The old tourist printer has been
relegated to the junk pile by the
linotype, the city man takes his
notes in' short hand, the editor
dictates his to amanuensis and
from the ty pewriter it goes down
the tube-the revolution is corn
plete, yet t!here is one god, old,
fashioned feature holding over
the weekly copy of the country
correspoudent. Nothing can take
his place. May he be with us
forever because the paper needs
him and the readers appreciate
hi and we want him.
It Is Dangerous to Neglect a Cold,
How oltenl do we hear it rcmarked:
"It's onlyV a cold," and a few <4ays
h:' harn that the man is on his back
.. pneumonia. This is of such
coImon occurr!ence that a cold, how
ever slight, should not'be disregarded.
Carmberain's Cough Remedy counter
sts any tendency of a pok1 to result in
uenumona an has gaiied its great
popularity and extensive sale by its
prompt eus of this most common
ailmeent. It always cures and is
pcosant to take. For sale by Obear
Drug Co. and all medicine dealers.
Seek Good Roads.
Schools? By all means. Churchee?
, yes. But first seek ye good
roids and all these things shall
be added unto you.-Good Roads
See tha:t your druggist gives you no
imlitationU when you ask for Kennedy's
Laxative Honey and Tar, the original
Laxative cough syrup. Sold by all
Mo.archs Who Were Famous For
Their Culinary Learning.
Royilty in times past has had inany
an aoomplisied epicure as learned in
culinary lore as in the practice of the
cuisine. It was Henry de Valos who
brought into fashion aromatic sauces
and various spice dainties, inheriting
his taste for cooking from Catherine de'
Medici, who introduced into France not
only ices. but muoh of the culinary art
Louis XIV. was devoted to gastron
omy, and for his use liquors were in
Tented in his old age, when, It is said,
.he could scarcely endure existence
-without a succession of artificial stim
-ulants. But the pertinacity with
-which Charles V. of Spain gratified his
appetite under all circumstances rival
-ed even that of Frederiek the Great.
Before rising in the morning potted
-capons were usually served to him.
R prepared with sugar, milk and spiees,
iced beer being one of his favorite
.drinks. Fish, too, of every kind was to
his taste, eels, frogs and oysters occu
pying a prominent place in the royal
bill of fare. Frederick the Great was
fond of highly seasoned meats and had
a strong predilection for Italian or
.French made dishes. It was his habit
during dinner to make pencil marks
against the different items of the bill
of fare, to which he referred when
conversing afterward with the maitre
When the Due d'Escars and his royal
master, Louis XVIII., were closeted to
gether to talk over a dish the ministers
were kept waiting in the antechamber,
and the next day this notice regularly
appeared in the official journals: 'M. le I
Duc d'Escars a travaille dans le cab
inet." It may be added that Louis
XVIIL had invented the "truffles a la
puree d'ortolans," and, reluctant to
disclose the secret, he invariably pre
pared the dish with his own hands,
assisted by the duke. Another epicu
rean of the first order was the Polish
King Stanislaus Leszinski, who invent
ed many a .ew dish and vastly im
proved the style of cooking, astonish
ing the Lorrainers, among other things, a
by having served up at his table dishes 3
of meat with fruits, both of which had
been cooked together. Geese which
had been plucked when alive, then
whipped to death, and marinees were
set down in his bill of fare as foreign
birds, and after a somewhat similar
fashion turkeys were transformed into
"coqs de bruyeres" and were served at d
the table burled under tike strong
smelling herbs of Lorraine. One year
was remarkable for the entire failure
of the fruit crop, but Stanislaus would
not be deprived of his dessert, for, a
turning his attention to confectionery,
he substituted compositions of sugared
vegetables, especially o: turnips.-Lon
don Standard. L
What one goes into debt for nine e
times out of ten is a luxury. t
A man always making excuses leaves C
himself no time to make anything else.a
Business based upon friendship
threatens both; friendship based upon
business strengthens both.
That man can best Ignore the enmity 8
of tho~se who don't understand him
who goes home to a wife who does:. b
It is a good deal easier to pray for a
men's souls than to pour balm Into j]
their wounds, not to mention that It
The supreme court has not yet decid
ed which is the weaker man-he who
is not able to see his own weakness or
he who has no faith In himself. t]
From an intellectual point of view p
that time of one's life Is most wasted
when he tries, in a spirit of dumb loy- C
alty, to admire all those things that are
popularly considered admirable.-Suc
The Wo14 "SlaTe?'
Tie wqrg "slavp," whlic4 ts happily
used seldom unless metaphorically in
this country, is a word of brilliant his- 1
torical antecedents. Its original, thea
Russian "slava," means glorious and -
is the title of that race which sub
sumes the Russian people. But when
the Germans reduced hosts of the Slays at
to servItude their name, from malice b
or accident, as Gibbon says, became n
synonymous with "servile." It retains
no more suggestion of Its racial origin?
now than does "ogre," which is really
"Hiungarian," from a confusion of the
Magyars with the Huns, and pf both
th the terrible T'artapg.
Delaware has been called the Dia
mond State, for, though small in size,
it formerly was of great political im- I
portance. It also enjoys the nickname
of the Blue Hen State, this having
been bestowed on account of a gentle
man named Caldwell, who made the
state famous in sporting annals by the
quality of his gamecocks, whIch he al
ways bred from the eggs of a blue hen,
believing that this was the best color
for the mother of a gamecock.
,oy is the mainspring In the wholep
runid of evgrlasting pature; jo moves
the wheels of the great timepiece of the
worl4; sheg it is that loosens fiowers
from their buds, suns from their firma
ments, rolling spheres In distant space
seen not by the glass of the astrono-0
The Fiancee-There's just one thing
that worries me a little. The Fiance- fl
What is that? The Fiancee - There
seems to be no opposition on the part
of any of our relatives,.
Often confession is owning up when
you are sure to be caught.-Saturday/
"Just An Old Soldier."
(When Teteran Boon, of Ker
shaw's Brigade, became ill during
he Confederate reuniou recently
held in the city, somebodv en
guired the causo of the commo
bion, and this reply was made:
"Jt.st an old soldier-he's sick.")
Just an old soldier,
Tired and worn,
Sick by the wayside
Far from his home.
See how he weakens;
Steady his hand
Call up his comrades,
Those of the band,
Who fought with Kershaw
For Dixie's land.
Eandle him gently,
Pillow his head,
Softly, boys, softly
He's dead-he's dead!
Just an old soldier,
Gone to his rest
Who died with the cross
Pinned on his breast
The "Cross of Honor"
That love has blest.
The love of women,
Who always pray,
For those old heroes
Wearing the gray.
--L. T. Levin.
Columbia, S. C., May 21, 1906.
;tag Brand--The Only Paint for Out -
dessrs. Hirshberg, Hollander &
Gentlemen-I consider a com
>Osition of Lead and Zinc, as in
tour Stag Brand Paint, the only
hing for the outside, as the car
>onic gases can not affect them
s pure lead, and the covering
>ower is certainly satisfactory.
Mr. F. E. Staling.
The next time you want paint,
sk for the best-Stag Semi-Paste
"One gallon makes Two."
For sale by Jno. H. McMaster
Co., Winnsboro, S. C.
Have Fun at.Home.
Don't be afraid of a little fun
t home. Don't shut your house
est the sun should fade your car
ets.. and your hearts, lest a hearty
iugh shake down some of the
iusty old cobwebs there. If you
rant to ruin your sons, let them
bink that all mirth and social
njorment' must be left on the
breshold without when they
omet home at night. When once
house is regarded as only a
lace to eat, drink and sleep in,
lie work is begun that ends in
ambling houses and reckless
egradation. Young people must
ave fun and relaxatiod some
rher3; if they do not find it at
2eir own hearthstones it will be
:>ught at other and less profita
le places. TJherefore, let the fire
urn brightly at night and make
ie homesteAd delightful with all
hose little arts that parents so
erfectly understand. Don't re
ress the buoyant spirits of your
bildren; half an hour's merri
ient round the lamp and #reside
f home blots Qut the remem
rance of many a care and annoy
noe during the day, and the best
afeguard they can take with them
1to the world is the influence of
bright little domestic sanctum.
Have you weakuess of any kind
omach, back, or any organs of the
dy? Don't dope yourself with ordi
ary medicine. Hollister's Rocky
[ountain Tea is the supreme curative
wer :35 cents, Tea or Tablets. Jno
[. McMaster & Co.
m--IN -- -
n 5 and 1O=Cent
Come and see them.
3 yards of 2%/-inlch Em=
roidery for roc while it
ists. Other things in
Toilet Soap roc a box.
A good line of Tobacco.
Ladies', Men's and Chil
Lamp Chimneys and
Come and hear the band
If you buy or not, you
Another lot of goods on
Yours to please,
City Shoe Store,
1sog Main St., COLITM 3
White Kid Theo Ties, Blue Kid The(
Two Dollars. Two Dolia
Black and Gray Suede Miller Ties, I Pato
Three Dollars and Fifty Cents. I T)
Blue Canvas Ties, White Canvas
Two and Two Fifty. Ties, Si.So to
Express Charges. Pre
C. B. FRIPP, B
The World Wil
Experience * B
Years of experience enabl<
our customers a line of Furl
by any other in the city. F
highest=-anything and ever
Furniture for making the h<
attractive. We know your
stock just what you need; a
is at prices that make yot
Experience teaches that w
ing Furniture, it is best to t
enced dealer, one who has
your wants. That's just <
our ability to supply your eN
Come to see -us. Exceptionm
buyers these days.
R. W. PI
trUNDERTAKING A SPi
Will be sold rig
A full .stock
at close prices.
Come here f<
SA.- B. Cat
BANK OF FA]
We want your account and will apprc
ing ansy and pleasant for you. If you hi
account with us, come and tell us why;
see us anyhow.
In our Savings Departmieni interest is
rate of 4 per cent per annum, payable
July and October. OFIES
W. R. Rabb, President.
T. W. Traylor, Vice-President.
WV. R. Rabb,
T. W. Traylor,
.. B uchanan,
ID. V. Walker,
J. W. Hlanahan,
IR. Y. Turner,
t ! i 'ppers
City Shoe Store,
k, S. C.. 1509 Main St.
iTies, I Pink Kid Theo Ties,
rs.I Two Dollars.
nt Colt Slippers, Latest Ideas.
vo Dollars up to Five Dollars.
Ribbon Pink Canvas Ties,
$3.00 Two and Two Fifty.
I Tell You
i us to place before
liture not surpassed
rom the lowest to the
ything in the way of
>me comfortable and
needs and so keep in
nd what we sell you
ir money count the
hen it comes to buy
iy from an experi
studied and knows
ur position. Hence
rery Furniture want.
LI bargains for cash
;s just in.
>r all your
iate it and make your bank
re not already opened your
if you have, then come and
cheerfully allowed at the
quarterly, January, April,
J. M Jennings, Cashier.
Hugh S. Wylie, Teller.
F. R. McMeekin,
T. W. Ruff,
J. R. Curlee,
J. J. Robertson.
L eroy S-prir;.:,
_T \T .Tennings.