Newspaper Page Text
o By Professor
HAT is a comet? I
was universally su
comets lay in the
and Newton prove(
of gravitation, likE
We can now
comet's head consi
interspersed with a gaseous utmospl
fore visible, by continuance interna
appears, and the discharges cease, t
becomes a simple mieteor swarm.
The most puzzling thing about
only within the last few years that v
ter in a finely divided state to be ab
it: its most obvious peculiarity is
That the tail is gaseous is clea
ed spectrum having been traced to a
of Swift's Comet (1892, i).
According to the modern theoi
charged body, from whose surface v
puscles are being constantly repellel
per zecond. These corpuscles. elec
called, are much smaller than atoms
crudely called negative electricity.
immediately attach themselves to
iiead, charging them negatively. a
speed, not only from the other mol
from the direction of the negatively
sometimes seen surrounding the nuc
special activity going on within the
feet of successive waves of corpuse
A comet's tail may therefore 4E
cles receding from the head each r
electric charge. A certain amount
of fineness probably accompanies th,
dust was present in sufficient quant
it did not extend to the extreme end
sooo ' T has been said b3
it is notshing but d
that our children
pleasure or enjoyn
rious discussion, b
be a better place 1
0 than on a farm?
of our largest citi
and shops. They
want of the warm sunshine, pure fr<
Of course, there are many disco
much so sometimes that we are aln
give up. Dark days will come sor
Everything is out of order. The bal
weary eyes toward the garden you s
bed, and probably, to crown all, un
hour, and you are at your wit's en<
further trouble. Be calm. Take y<
time, and if dinner is a little late th<
Only keep up a cheerful heart and
gather home from school with mer:
past and may not return again.
I would suggest, to ward off thel
systematic order as nearly as possi
work will vary. Washing, ironing,
the week, but by careful planning w
or trouble. Have a place for every
the children to be tidy by having th<
ter they are done with them. Also 1
with them.-New York Tribune.
*.++++++ N the old days, wi
* ~ place in which to
+ +4 fect, visible symbe
* .1a sign of God's ho
+ + this the spire had
*.'y~y44ygIy changed! The ra
+t-+++++ shown no sentime
The Baptists <
move to get away from the spire at
the other extreme. Many of their ne
some resemble a Cairo mosque. Tl
spire, have compromised in many i
The Norman and English Gothi
to high favor in city churches. T1
strength because of its massivenes
this type i's the North Presbyteria:
square tower, carrying a clock and
Northminster, above Central Park,
One of the strangest looking cl
the Harlem Presbyterian. It is stri
zantine from its front elevation, fou
or effects. The necessity for instit
:oom. One church in Pittsburg, r<
the edifice. The Apst of the spire he
1.. Craze f
By Lady i
K E Puritan eleme:
iand. The old az1
by Nelson and V
Tl' career, the old ide
111 solidity and wortl
a craze fcr pleas1
U~ithemseltes on th<
and pleasanter an
but at what price we have bought t
The press ha s been indefatiga
luxury. their idlleness and their ext
from abrcad, and which have been
foreign mnillionaires5. But it does
server that the same craze for amu:
viiils in al! cases high or low, mc
Sugar' from Corn.
W. H. Pickering. t
:p to the time of -the Renaissance a come
pposed to be a vapor in the atmosphere
ce, wars, and the death of kings. The
. Tycho Brahe was the first to show that
celestial spaces beyond our atmosphere
I that the heads of comets obeyed the law
other celestial bodies.
say with. considerable assurance that a
sts of a swarm of meteors surrounded and
ere which renders it luminous, and there
I discharges. When the atmosphere dis
he head becomes invisible, and the comet
L comet has always been its tail, and it is
ce have begun to know enough about mat
le to offer any satisfactory explanation for
that it does not obey the law of gravita
ly proved by the spectroscopg, the band
distance of ',000,000 miles from the head
'y of electricity, the Sun is a negatively
ast numbers of minute bodies called cor
d, at velocities not far from 100,000 miles
trons, or ions, as they are sometimes
, and constitute what was formerly rather
Those corpuscles that strike the comet
the gaseous molecules surrounding the
d causing them to be repelled at high
ecules forming the head. but particularly
charged sun. The successive envelopes
leus of a comet may indicate either some
comet itself, or they may indicate the ef
les shot out from the sun.
described as a current of gaseous parti
article or molecule carrying a negative
of impalpable dust of a particular grade
a gaseous stream. In at least one case this
ities to produce an appreciable effect, but
of the tail.-Harper's Magazine.
s of the Farm i
gia a Fisher.
, many unacquainted with farm life that
rudgery, nothing but discouragement, and
grow up in ignorance and toil without
ient. Now I would not enter into any se
ut I would like to ask, where could there
eneath the sun to bring up our children
Think of the children living in the heart
es, dark with the smoke of the factories
grow into maturity weak and puny for
esh air and healthy exercise.
uragements connected with farm work, sc
ost tempted to lay down our "arms" and
etimes when nothing will go to suit us,
by is cross and fretful. As you turn your
py the hens scratching in your best flower
expected company comes at the eleventh
. But two words will suffice to save us
>ur time and go slow; do one thing at a
company can wait until you get it ready,
evening will come and the children will
ry shouts of laughter. The dark day is
se dark days, that we arrange our work it
ble. Of course, there are days when oui
baking, etc., does not come every day it
e can pass over' these days without worry
thing and everything in its place. Teach
am put their playthings in their places af
leach them to be obedient, but be patient
en the church was chiefly regarded as
worship on Sunday, the spire was a per
1I of the character of the building. It wa!
use, and as su'chT had its use. Aside fronr
a bell, and, perhaps, a clock. Now. hov
pid commercial progress of the era ha!
ntal regard for homes, churches, or any
f late seem to have taken the most unitet
d all that it means, but they are going t<
churcnes look like public buildings, and
2e Methodists, while doing away with th4
tstances on a tower.
c, or "perpendicular Gothic," has come in
his style is at once dignified and full o!
s. One of New York's best churches o:
n, on West 155th street. It has a short
bell. Another new Presbyterian church
is utterly devoid of spire, tower, or sky
iurches in New York city is to be that o
itly Oriental at every point, startling By
r stories high, to the gilded dome and col
utionalism knows no law except availabl<
cently completed, has fifty-two rooms ii
is gone into the interior.-Leslie's Weekly
r Pleasure. .
)iolet Greville. -
nt is slowly but surely dying Out in Eni
d honored word duty, used so effectivel:
'ellington in the great moments of thel
a of a compelling factor in life which gavy
1 to the English character, has yielded ti
are. -ow far-reaching is the change ha
yet been realized. People congratulate
fact that our country is growing gaye
d more agreeable to live in than formerly
he change they (10 not stop to inquire.
ble in lashing the upper ciasses for thei
ravagance, vices which we have importe<
cultivated in our midst by the presence c
ot seem to have struck the ordinary; cd
ement which they deplore in the rich pr'
d~ fied by circumstances and income.-Loz
Old Frenchman in Misfortune.
'4 od man wr s recently- arr!este
e rs for s:aling a pair' of saots
or andn sues At the police- cour.
'e eca:ed that he '.'as 101 year!
0 - 'I ai' t re;'e- heen in prison b(
"r qov :s swent:emswere founad
d betru. Th ol manwasborn ol
- te.h of JIune. 185 and had pe:
femdhis military service undle
hlsX inarime::t of dragoon!
Hewa :-eeaseai. and was at the sam
e'pesentea with a small sum o
oneyc' which had been collected fo
Representative Adams, Pron
inent and Popular, Takes
His Own Life
DROODED OVER MONEY MATTEI
Representative Robert Adams, 0
of House's Mcst Popular and Co
spicuous Members, Shoots Hims
tive Robert Adams. of Philadelphi
died at the Emergency Hospital frc
the effeets of a self-inflicted bull
wound. Mr. Adams was discovered
a dyingt conition in his apartments
the Metropolitan Cib ch;ambes. I
was sit tin in a chair. A utllet won
in his mouthit and pistol lying ne
him made it tlear hat he had
A letter rejve(l by Speaker Ca
non from Alr. Adams explained t
cause of the snMide. Mr. Adams sa
in the letter that his (ebts exceed
his res:ources and forced him to aba
don his oflicial position. While
did not indica te an intent to take I
life. he spoke of the form of I
bdrial. indicatiig that lie had th,
made up his mind to commit the ra
Dr. Nevitt. the coroner, issuedt
certificate of eath by suicide. sayi]
that it was such a clear case no 2
quest would be necessarv.
The House Shocked.
Not in years has there come to t
membership of the lower House
Congress such sudden -loom as ena
with the "oing out of Mr. Adan
But lately having charze of thee di
lomatie and consular bill. he show
energy and activity. -etiing the bi
throuzh the House with less friclii
than usual, few amendments bei:
made to tile measure.
When the house convened the
was an emFecially larze membersht
present and when the chaplain 1
ferred to the death of the late Co
gressmnan. members were visibly
An Unparalleled Scene.
Then came a scene that has nev
had its parallel in the historic cha
ber of the nation's law-making bod
The Speaker rose and asked that t
House indulge him while he read
letter from the dead. a letter receiv
while the life of Robert Adams w
passinz away. A silence fell on I
House thiat hut the day before w
surcharged with animation. The 1<
ter was as follows:
"Washington, May 31, 1906.
"Hon. J. G. Cannon.
"My Dear Mr. Speaker:
"The fact that my personal obli;:
tions excee my resources is my on
exuefrabandoning the responsil
position I occupy in the House. I
willing to be buried at its expen
but I ask that no comndttee be n
pointed or memorial se'rvices he
as I have never been in svmpat
with the latter custom.
"WXith as'suranusc of my high
Following the reading of the leti
Mr. Morrell presnted a resoluti
directing the sergeant-at-arms
make the necessary arrangements f
the funeral, the expenses to be pa
out of the contingent fund of t
House, and then. as a further ma
of respect, the House adjourned.
Representative Adams was one
the most popular Representatives
Congress and he has ben identifi
with many matters of world-wi
Lynchers Under Bond.
Wadesboro, N. C.. Snecial-An ord
signed by Judge Walter H. Neal at
o'clock f'riday afternoon, after nai
ing the following as defendants: JTo
Niven. Lester Johnson, Zeke Lew
Elmer A. Dunn. John ..Jones. J.
-Dunn. May G;iIledge. Lewis Adan
Jim Swink. Billy Dean and Fra:
Graham, says: "'After hearingi
evidence, it is adjludged by the eOt
that there is probable grounds to I
lieve the above named defendan
guilty of the offense charged nerair
them under the statute of 1S93, a
'thev are admitted to bail in the si
of $'5.000 each, to be approved
Ithe solicitor for their appearance
the next term of Superior Court
Union County. for the trial of crir
nal cases, to answcr the 'charges
out in the warrants. It default
the execution of said bond the shei
will commit them to the common .
of Union county and this order sh
rconstitute a committal to the keej
of the common jail of Union county~
Big Fire in Virginia, Town.
Danville, Special.-A special to T
rRegister from South Boston, \a.. st
Fire which broke out here Friday
ternoon at 1 o'clock entailed a fin:
e ial loss variously entinmated ati
t ween $2~50,000 and $300,000. The (o
g in of the confiagration is suppos
to have been from a lizibted eizare
or math thrI oownl in thle stables
Edmondson 's warehouse. in whtich I
40 Mexicans Killed in Riot.
El Paiso. Tex., Special.-A report
in circulation that all lie Mexie:
Iemployed at W. C. Gr'(eees muines
Mexico arc on strik& and that 40) hi
been killed in a riot. The report
that Governor Ysabel. of Sonora.
-roing to the scne with trloops. a1
that a request has b~een made by 1:
for Unitedl States troops from F
Huachuca. Ariz. G3rcere has left a
LIV[ ITEMS Of N[WS
f Epitome of Current Happenings
Interest Briefly Told.
Otis- Blockinger was ground
1 pieces in a paper mill at York. Pa.
Miss A. W. Wilson, of Baltimo
and other Southern women we
elected officers of the Southern NY
man 's Board of Foreign Missions
the Methodist Episcopal Church.
The 14,000-ton British battlesi
Montagui ran on the rocks at Shi
ter Pion. Lundy Island. during a f
ne andi may be a total loss.
n- President Roosevelt delivered t
If mlemorial day address at Portsmoul
It is stated that former Finan
Minister Shepoff iav be asked to fmo
a new Russian Cabinet.
m Distinguished Spaniards present
et Princess Ena with an address of wi
in come as Queen.
at Illness has forced the Chinese E
Ie peror to postpone the custoaU
Chief Secretary for Ireland Bry
asked the British I1ouse of Comnmo
to authorize a loan of .%22.500.000
[ provide laborers' cottages in Irelar
id Ex-Premier Glovanni Giolitti I
ad formed a new Italian Cabin
n- largely of Conservatives.
Deelaring the reported agreem(
q between Austria and Hungaria
s the tariff question false. the Hlutng:
an ian Cabinet has resigned.
Russia has promised to info1
Germany of the provosions of a
a Anglo-Russian agreement before
Korean rebels have seized the wo
ed town of Hongju. and Japan l
sent troups to retake the place.
)f The case of Richard Canfield. t
gambling house proprietor, who
being sued for $59.500 in fees
Attornev John Delahunty, came
in New York.
ill Upton Sinclair, author of "T
m Jungle."7 in a letter to the Preside
y calls for the publication of the pa(
ing house report, anad says that t
re stirring up of public opinion is t
it only way to stop the sale of disea
n Lightning struck a house at S<
f ford. Del.. in which 22 negro beri
pickers were having a dance, a
three of them were badly burned.
er The subcommittee of the Den
n- cratic National Committee which A
y. prepare for the Congressional ca
e paign is to meet on Thursday
ad Five employes of the Goleonda C
as tle Company were swept away a
ble drowned when the dam in Pole Cre
asCayo, Nevada. broke.
- J. V. Johnson, who murdered]
brother-in-law. Quinn Johnson, a
lynehed near WXadesboro. N. C.
Governor Lea, of Delaware, I:
e alled an extra sesssion of the Leg
~ lature for next Thursday to elect
y United States Senator mnd trans:
e. Thme Russiani Parliament's defiar
of tihe Govermntu has dlevelopedl
(new er isis, wh~ieb may hastent
I ong expectedl revoluition.
Piniicess Enia, fuiture Queen
.e Spain. interceded withI Kink Alfom
aind secured a pardoni for a man ec
dlemned to death.
The German Reichstag, after
r. proving the Emperor's proposal foi
mn colonial office, refused to grantt
to money to pay its expenses.
or In the negotations of new recip)
id city treaties the German Reichsta2
be ekled to make no tariff reductions I
ik luw those in force under similar tr<*
of .Japan, it is understood, is tol)
mf manmently run the railways of 3h
de The Austro-Hungarian tariff di
culty has been settled.
Fotur important bills passed by 1
present Congress will greatly ineret
er the power of the Federal Governme
hee bill passed by the Senate is<
F'. Samuel Shenaul stabbed his brotl
to dleat h at Ivanhoe. Va.. in a gumar
oover~ a card game.
he Tax valuation statistics of the r;
rt roads in WVest Virginia show that
e- Baltimore and Ohio owns nearly o:
.ts half of the total railroad propert
st in the State.
id The headless body of (lyde Wt.
im ron was carriedl to Wiles on an onim
by in Giles county after lhe had been<
at capitated by the traini.
:et rival that once givent aaet
of the towni. entLayte
it .JosephlineC Terranova, wvho kil
i her uncle and aunt, was again,
.lamined by alienmists to determine1
Five pesn wvere killed and :1b)
25 in jured by l ightning near M i
*of the Interstate Commn ece (
siin inves~ttitin Pomnsylvin
it roadi l!Tairs. is a iiative of \
-ed I ~ Leis Niixoni. thme shipihdmildr.I
of wimchi much is <!aime'.
he .\ mCerican tradel( wih iSiouth .'r
RE ciorts hri *m va Imis lparis
Idrrous con!tIitill continule to pc
.Ilin Waril iwe xce(lebtedt i
i .I es k Tlse(, . ye;avsod
>r i1shi ad ml milyici' womiejclieil by .1.
nd jHale. concduictor (:1 thei RiOanoke
Norl~lern r'liway-. ...- -
Our Troops Participated In a
to Riot of Miners
e 0ALLED TO STOP AT THE BORDER
of Arrival of Arizona Rangers at Can
.i anea Was Quickly Followed By
Suppression of the Riot Started by
o Strikers at Greene Copper Mines,
Ringleaders Taking to the Moun
he tains After Anywhere From 11 to
:1. 50 of Their Followers Had Been
.1 Naco. Ariz.. Speeial.-A telephone
,message was received from Caiianea.
_ Mexico. at S.30 Saturday nrnminz. I
reritia that peace has been restored
rv After the arrival (f the Arizona
Rainges ny of the rinleaders in
Sthe r.it 'ani nto the snurrounding
lS nmountain and no further serious
to ino.Ne ernrre after thir flight.
id. Govrior Ysabe l. of Sonora, arrived
as and inu.seil tave onlers permit
II ithe :Ilmed A\niericans who weie
thire frlmi li-bee. ihm-rlas and all
on pa:i.s of .\ to li:a ccontanim
ir- to toananeO. Tie Americ ani rniz
ed. :nd in emm and of' Captain Tom
m P ying. firmr capaini of the R1otugh
'y IdeVadnw mne of thle
A 'izna iuncis. btft with the GoV
rnC lr oi a special train for IanaCa.
as .\cod in -- jo advices received from
Cananea A':. nrienas-George arAl
he W'il Mel ealf-and tenu Mexicans and
is oie chihi ware ki!eod there. A. S.
by D ,i aene.a! manncr of the Ca
u C,_(nioaav. was on
lIy sihtly wouinded. George Metealf
w, CO!. Gn-e's rental and lumber
.:-en: ind Vill Metealf was his neph
he ew. The iiumuhr of wounded is not
he known. in:t is believed to be about
a- Bomb Fiend D'es Trappcd.
li Mdrid. By Cable.-The capture
d and snicide Satnrdav niglht at Torre
jon de Ardos of Manuel Morales. the
.0 chief suspect in the bomb outrage ]
'il against Kin- Alfonso and Queen
m- Viettria, adds another diamatie chap
in ter to ihe incidents surrounding the
royal weIdding. Morales was recog
at- nized in the little town of Torrejon
nl de Ardos.. midway between Madrid
ek and Alcala. A guard sought to detain
him, but Morales. drawing~ a revolver,
bis shot the guard dead. Then lie turned
as to flee. but a number of the inhabi
liins of the town were upon him, and
as turning the revolver upon himself,
is. he sent a shot in the region of his
aheart,* expiring a few minutes later.
ISenor ('uestai. proprietor of the ho-1
tei from the balcony of which Mor
er ales thiew the bomb, viewed the bodyv
and completely identified it as that
hof his recent guest.
11 Die Under Trolley Car.
is Providence. Ri. L. Special.-Eleven
n:- persnons are dead. a seore seriously
ahid many others sliantly injured as
p-~ the result of the overt urning of a
a crowded electricen ar at M1oore's for
~e ner. ini East Providence. ea rly Sufi
day' morning. More t han 100 young
'4)- men'( and women. who bad spent the
- eveninug at ( resrent Park, a pleasure
.. resort on the Provitience river. six
-miles below this eity. were on a
charit ered car1 returnming to their
nomes in this city. O)ineyville and
Thiornton. It is b~eliteved that two of
the injured will (lie.
Alabama Bank President Surrendered
-l Birmingham. Ala.. Special.-The
ise bondsmen of Goirdon Dubois, former
ut. president of the First National Bank
of Enslev. Ala.. asked for release and
M~r. Dubois was con ined in the coun
a- ty jail. He was arrested last wveek
by Federal officials on the charge of
ormisapropriatin~g .94S.000 otf the
rel bank 's funds.
iii Youth Kills His Sweetheart.
es mon. 20 y'ears 3of age. shot andiu killed
his sweetheart. 31iss'Sal lie Shiirley
d in the latter's homre, near Roanoke.
nThiere was iio witness to tile tragedy
except the principals. Sigmon says
m- the girl was handling a pistol and inl
elt tryving to take it fr'om lier' the weap
by On exploded. the ball enter'inlg the
girl1's breast. Sigmoni situmoned a
led doctor and gave himseif up to the
sheriffi. -Thle gil was dead when the
. physician reached her. Sigmioii is in
the Roanoke jail.
t Bloedy Race War in Mexico.
m- special 'om Bisbee. At'izona. sayxs:
n- News has r'eac'hed' here from (aln
iia area. 3Mexico. it a hloodyv race war
'ir- at~ that place. The -toiwn is Oil fiire
un'd st reets arme st rewniv.t wi dead and
aswounided. The .\rizonora Rangers and
fr a large posse if citizens ut Bisaec
have inst l eft here for (Cananea. At
-co~~unis the Khhting~ was still in
. e Orleans Observes Louisiana
i'er~ N (w Orleans. Speial.-(Con federa'tt e
led' '1imorial liay was oibserved with the
. Ia cereoies here. .\t the (o
K e derniemut -.iu. in Greewtd
jat. . I r l~ i.' fMr.'i F ofern.
[ WORK Of CONGR[SS
Vhat is Being Done Day by Day By
the National House and Senate.
Saved the Bill.
At Saturday's session, what might
inve been a serious parliamentary
narl was dexterously avoided by
;peaker Cannon late Satuiday after
100on in the House of Representatives
vben Mr. Murphy. or Missouri, rose
0 present what he denominated a
The conference reports on the rate
Aid ,;tatehood bills had been male
ld ordered printed when the Mis
ourV Ci eongressman presented a reso
1tion1 rescinding the action of the
ouse sending the s-atehood bill to
"1mf1lerence and providing for a vote
n the Senate anenlments.
Mr. Payne, of New York, the floor
eader of tihe majority, instantly made
he point that the resolution was not
>rivileged. The Speaker with smil
ng face, held that the resolution was
mit priviledged. as the papers in the
ase were with the Senate and he had
erious doibt if the resolution would
)e privileged even if the papers were
ith the House. Confusion ensued,
4r. Murphy and a number of Demo
' oringing to their feet to take
xception to the ruling of the Speak
Above the din Mr. Murphy was
card to say: "Let's have a square
leal Mr. Speaker. I appeal from the
leeision of the chair.'' but the Speak
r was oblivions to the motion for an
ppeal and adjourned the House at
.30 until noon on Thursday on mo
ion of Mr. Bonvge. of Colorado.
eaving Mr. Murphy's gesticulating
mi The floor.
The House spent the day consider
ry the naturalizine bill but did not
'omnlete it. The "nub'' of the na
nriialization bill. the educational test.
Vas debated during much of the ses
ion. to be finally amended by Ir.
ennedy. of Nebraska. whose amend
nent reads as follows: "That no alien
hall hereafter be liaturalized or ad
nitted as a citizen of the United
tatcs who cannot speak the English
anzaze." The test as laid down in
he bill makes it oblizatory that the
utendinz eitizen must write his- own
anziun and read. speak and unuder
tantd the Enlish lawmniage.
Denate Passes Postofice Appropria
The senate passed the postoffice ap
)ropriation bill carrying an appropri
ition of $192.4S5.000 and immedi
tely afterward adjourned over Mem
)rial day until Thursday. The entire
lay was devoted to the consideration
f the bill as q whole and to spe
ial features of the bill. The debate
lealt with the questions of the fast
nail train to the South, second class
ntter, including the adinission to the
nails of the publications of colleges,
miversities and charitable and edu
~ational institutic~ns as second class
natter, subsidies for Pacific mail
teamnships, and questions relating to
he boxes used on rural free delivery
Aftermath of Tuesday's filibuster
ng. enaiin~ in arrest and hearing be
ore house of number of members, in
rder to complete a quorum. came in
:he house of representatives on the
ipproval of the journal..
A number of the members, who
w~ere 'arrested" by the sergeant-at
irms during the call of the house at
ight, were still in a savage mood
Then the house convened and they had
>ersonal reasons to assign why they
vecre absent on roll call.
Throughout the whole of the ses
ion which was precipitated by the
notion to approve the journal, the
peaker of the house sat almost im
novable, now and then indulging in
q niet chuckle over the discomfort
>f his friends.
When his right to drect the issu
mnee of the writ of arrest was at
acked, the speaker following an ex
~osition of the rules, terminated fur
her argument by asserting that "the
~entleman had-been legally arrested."
The rules of the house, as to the
gresence of members, were brought
iome to the members and during the
rest of the day, whil : he house had
under consideration the diplomatic
md consular bill, a quorum was con
After completing most of the bill
:he house at 5 o'clock adjourned un
:l noon on Thursday.
The Immunity Bill.
The Senate passed the Knox im
mutnity bill and the omnibus light
ouse bill, with practically no de
bate, passed the military academy
bill, and was only prevented from'
passing the employers liability bill by
a motion at 2 p. ih., to go into exe
-utive session. Most of the afternoon
was devoted to consideration in exe
cutive session of the nomination of
Judge James Wickersham to be .iudge
of the United States court for the
district of Alaska. but he was not
ofirmed. The charges against him
which have prevented confirmation
for three years were urged strongly
by Senators McCumuber and Hans
bongh, Nelson. Teller. Pettus and a
number of others. Hie was defended
by Senator Foraker. Dilling~ham.
Bailev. Culherson and others. No
vote was held. nor did it appear that
oe is emline(?t. IHe is servin<: on a
recess appo~itmentt. At 3.30 p. in..
th Senate adjourned.
Dies From Her Burns.
who was severely~ burne'd by the~ ex
3lndav night. diecd from th eftn
of her bIns. She was-5yasld
etan :i s s'urvived by the cildren.
brewer. died at his beautiful home.
AUnnhaur'm near Mar.asses.
President Rooevelt Expresses
PRAISE FOR BLUE AND GRAY
The Man Behind the BJ1ot Counts
for More in Civil Life-Pays Trib
ute to Lee and Jackson Along With
Grant and Sherman.
National Memorial Day was more
generally observed than usual this
year, especially in Southern' cities.
The greatest interest centered in the
observance of the occasion at Ports
mouth, Virginia, where President
Roosevelt delivered the address oi
The Day at Portsmouth.
Portsmouth. Va., Special--Presi
dent Roosevelt joined the people of
Virginia in the beautiful and impres
sive tribute to the nations dead. Un
der the auspices of the Army and
Navy Union the organization of offi
cers and enlisted men of the United
States Army and Navy, the President.
delivered the Memorial Day address
here to an audience numbering thou
The President said in nart.
This day is hollowed and sacred in
our history, for on this day through
out the land we meet to pay homage
to the memory of the vajiant dead
who fell in the great civil war. No>
other fhen deserve so well of this
country as those to whom we oave it
that we now have a country. More
over, the men to whose valor we owe
it that the ~Jnion was preserved
have left us a country reunited id
fact as well a; in name. They have
left us the memory of the great deeds.
and the self-devotion alike of' the
men who wora the blue and of the
men who wore the gray in the con
test where brother fought brother
with equal Leurage. with equal sin
cerity of condion.--with equal fid
elitv to a-igh ideal, as it was given
to each to see that ideal.
Moreover, it is a peculiar pleasure
to speak to-dcv under'the auspices of
the Army anm Navy Union, of the -
Union which "s meant to include the
officers and enlisted men of the re
gular forces o fthe United States.
Exactly as there is no other body of
men to whom in the past we have
owed so much as to the veterans of
the vivil war. so there is no other
body of men among all of our eit
izens- of to-day who as a -whcle d
serve quite as well of the country as:
the oficeers and enlisted men of the
Army and the Navy of the United
States. Every man. who has served
well and 'faitfifully,'afloat or ashore,.
in the service of the United States
has shown that he nosesses certairs
qualities wvhich entitle him in a pec
uliar degree to the respeet of all his:
This audience is comnosed largely
of veterans of the vivil war, largely
of men who have served in or are
serving~ in the Army and the Navy of
the United States. They are concern
ed not only with the duties of the '
soldier and the sailor. but with the
duties of the civilian. with all mat
ters affecting the plain; everyday citi
zen as he does his everyday duties.
For we must always remember that
n our 'eeun try our Army and N'avy
are an army and navy made up of
vounteers: all our forces arc volun
teers: our regulars, afloat and( ashore.
are merely our fellow-eitizer.s who of
their own :'ree will have taken nu
this particular task. The task once
through the rtunto th -body of
our citizenship: and netly as the
eficiency of our mili-tary service de
pends chiefly upon the efilee:cy of
the average enlisted man, so the effi
cienes of the nation as a whole de
ped chiefly upon the way in which
the averagre man , erformns his plain,.
We can uot too highly honor the
memorv ci the leaders in the civir
war-of G-ant and Lee, of Sherman
and Johns m, of Stonewall Ja esoi
and Sheridan. of. Farraget andl of the
captains who fought ander nd'
against him. But after all the r-aru
upon whom~ the chief credit must at
was the plain man in the ranks. -he
man! in blue or in gray who went in?
to see the war throuch, and1 who did
see it ihreag~h. He had the couraee
to stand withnnd flinchin:g the bicker
ing of the skirmashes and the ham
mering of thie great fights: he hadJ
the steadfist endurance to bear with
uncomplaining resolution the hunger
and the heat and thle cold, tile scoreh
ing days and the foezing nights. fhe
grindinz, hearthreaking fatigue of the
marches, the wearisome mcooony of
the camps. and the slo-v sufferingt of
the field hospitals. So in the Armyv
and the Navy to-day. in ,the last ana
lvsi wec must depend upon 1 ving
the riclhi stuff in the enlisted mecn a~nd
teni u'pon havin.e that stuff put into
proper sape. -So again inour Re
puli 's whole it is jnt *s rei
pcenew' as it was cortv years
aoin wer t.!mt it is th ca:er ol
the averaze man that must be the de
trmining factor in nchieving nationaf'
success or going down Zr) nation(d de
aster. Leadership is neecssary mu or
der that we may get really go;od re
suts out of a .high averre of ndi
vidual charerter: bu itot h hg
cha raeier in th~e averayin in
Ithe leade'ri by itself can avai h
In clos:ing Mr. Roos~velt refe
oldier suni work done by
solier duingthe trying tim
thC San F~i~rnciso diatr a~
cared that suchi action was
of their trning and merite