Newspaper Page Text
A CRIME OF LON6 ANU.
How Mrs. Silver Slew Her Husband
With an Ax and Burned His Body
~Blackest Page in North Car
BY H. E. G. BRYANT.
NE of the most brutal murders
ver committed in North Caro
lina was conceived, planned and
executed by a woman, one Fran
cis or Franky Silver, of Burke County.
who killed and burned her husband,
Charles Silver. The crime was done
one night about seventy years ago in a
bonely mountain cabin on Toe River in
the presence of a two-year-old chId.
while the vichim lay asleep by his own
fireside. The murderess was tried,
convicted and hung. being one of the
first women executed on the gallows
in this country.
Mr. Alfred Silver. half-brother of
the murdered man. is living to-day-on -
Curtis Creek, four miles northwest of
the town of Old Fort. McDowell Coun
ty. lie will be eighty-seven years old I
-the 15th of .November. if the Great
Master alloxw him to live to see his I
next birthday. I went out to see Mr.
Silver one morning last week. He is
tte finest type of the best class of
mountaineer that I ever saw, being
large, strong-featured and manly. His 1
face looks like the pictures of old pa
friarchs as they appear iWi the histories.
- I found him willing and able to talk
about the murder, the trial and the
hanging. He remembers the details of
the case as well as if the crime bad 1
beeu perpetrated last month. At the
time of the deed he was just at the I
tender age when a bright mind takes.
and retains most. C
In giving the story of the affair I 0
s'.Iall let him tell it in his own vigorous, I
"Charles Silver, killed and destroyed I
by his wife, Franky Silver, about the i
year 1832, was my half-brother. He a
was strong, healthy, good looking and e1
agreeable. He had lots of friends. t
Everybody liked him. He was a fa- t
vorite at all.the parties, for he could s
make merry by talking, laughing and P
playing musical instruments. He had 0
been married long enough to have one C
heir. a girl. He lived in a cabin across f
a ridge, a quarter of a mile from my
father's home on Toe River.
'Charles was pretty much of a hunt- t
er, and it was Christitas, just his time e
lor hunting. The ground was covered c
with snow and the river frozen hard. '
His -wife, contending that he would be t]
off soon on a hunt. trrged him to cut v
enough wood to do all the week. H'e
fell in with his axe and cut up a whole b
bickory tree, and shocked it so that it P
.would keep dry and clean. t<
"Be-.ng tired and sleepy after the Ia- F
I-or of chopping, my brother lay down b
cni the floor, close by the fire, with his h
.Iittle girl in his arms, and went to V
:sieep. His head rested on an inverted mE
-stool for a pillow. Franky gently took
the bs by from his breast, put it in the S
abed. gieked up the axe from the door, 0l
where she had placed it for the pur- F~
pose, atnd whacked his head nearly off ti
at a single blow. She intended to cut tl
it clean off, but miscalculated. and TI
-either stood too close or too far back. si
*The first lick did not kill him instantly, la
-for he sprang to his feet and cried~ b:
"'God bless the child-' His wife fled to 'T
-The bed and covered up, till she heard b
UTItles fall and then jumped out and B
tinished the .job with a second blow. h
But the most inliuman part of the atro- E
cious deed was to come. The wotnan f(
went to work, cut the body into small n
pieces. and burned it bit by bit, the en- b<
tire night and much wood being con- C
sumed destroying the body- The "
4 Tbuse ali Ehe door steps went up
in the effort to keep a roaring fire. It al
is believed that her mother and young- h
- est brother helped dispose of the di
- body. In fact she confessed as much fi
.to a woman who calied on her in jail. n
I believe the killing was a conspiracy I
entered into l-y the whole Stewart famn- a
-Of course we knew nothing of the
critne at my fathier's nouse. Franky
came early the next morning, stopped
where my mother and the girls wered
washing for Christmas and remarked: 'b
'You are hard at it early.' My mother p
answered: 'Ys we are trying to get C
ready for a rest,' 'Yes,' said Franky, S
'Tye been at it myself ever since be- d
fore day.' She told mother that a
Charles had gone up the river to o
"That same afternoon Franaky came e
over and reported that Charles had not
returned. She said she expected him
Lack earlier-. Mother noticed that she
was a bit nervous, but thought it was '
on account of the proo~gti absence of
Charles. She said she would go down
to her father's home, thre-e-quarters of
a mile away If some of tihe boys would
attend to the feeding of her cow..x
plaining that Charles hasi fed her that t
morning, but when we wvent there thati
night we saw- none but women tr-acks.
-Charles didnt show up the next 1
day. nor the one following. Franky <
told mother that as he had remained 1
awaly so lonig she did not care whethert
lhe ever came back or not, and wvent
bac-k to her father's.
--After several days had passed and
nothing had been heard of Charles thei
naarm was given. The word was put<
out all thr-ough the mountains. NoI
track or trace of him could be found.
The river was searched, for somei
tlhougzht that he might have gone
through the ice. lHe hadi~ not bepn to
4. e->r-.e Young's%. My father wvas gr-eait
iy -..ire up~ abu:) it. Hie was remly1
to do) anytthing. So when he heardl of1
an' old G uiea negro over n Tienec
f :~ mil::s awvay.. who hadl a kiud of
--~ir ball that told things. hte 'set outj
onhreback ;o see him. ThNe negro
wa not at homet. bu:t the~ man. a Mr.
Wil:is for who u e worked. sai
l:e couinterpret lhe beihavior of t*Ihe
Ia :n an:d marked off the pois ot the
(1upas.1 Falter told Williams' all
ai;ouZ the locaion.~ of tEe house wvhere
Charles lved. and drew a ma~p of the
sek-tin r-otnd about. The ball didn't
seem 10 t'tin aPway from e ouse. -
and Wlliasaskd: - ant it po'i
k!nared.' That was toward his o
hou~se from ours. Later in the d,
Williams tried his ball and told fath,
that it indicated that the body h
been found. Sure enough it was.
-On the very day that father start(
for Tennessee the mystery was pa
tial!y solved. Some one of the scare
ilg party Smuaested that the cal)
and the premises be examined. A
old man by the name of Jack Coll
thought it wise to look around in ti
house. He went about the yard ar
cabin probing with his walking enn
In stirring the ashes in the firepla<
be found several pieces of bone. whic
caused him to say: *There's too mar
bits of bone in this fireplace and ti
ashes are too greasy.' A small roc
taken from the ashes was put in1
water to see if any grease bubbl
would rise. They did, in great plent;
[t was discovered that fresh ashes ha
een poured in a mortar hole near tl:
zpring. Pieces of the bone and fles
were found there. also a heeliron, suc
s Charles wore on his hunting mocci
ins. After all this evidence. stron
tnd convincing. was found. a jury wr
ummoned and an inquest held. As a
mmediate result Franky. her moth(
nd youngest brother were arrestet
1l were bound over to court.
"A more thorough investigatio
tbout the place revealed substanth
)roof. On the ground under the housi
)eneath a dark spot on the floor a cirel
>f blood as large as a hog's liver wa
ound and the walls were specket
['here could be no doubt Charles ha
>een murdered and his body burned.
"*Franky was tried at Morganton m
Lhout the third court after she kille
'harles. She got out of jail dressed i
t man's clothing and escaped into th
ountry. following the wagon of he
incle. The sheriff of the county, di
overing that his prisoner had fBe
urried on her trail and overtook he
everal miles out of town. He rode u
lose and saidt 'Frtnky' She turne
nd answered: 'I thank you. sir, mi
ame is Tommy.' 'Yes,' her uncle pu
n. 'her name is Tommy.' He gav
imself and the woman away by say
ag 'her.' She was returned to her cel
nd on the appointed day. the 12th o
uly. 1S33. in the presence of a grea
brong of people. hanged. It was hopei
hat she would make a public confes
ion on the scaffold. and she seemei
repared to do so, but her father yellei
ut from the crowd: 'Die with your se
ret. Franky.' There was a s!ght o
olks there to see her hanged.
"Francis Stewart (Stewart was he
iaiden name) was a mighty likely lit
le woman. She had fair skin. brigh
yes and was counted pretty. She ha<
harms. I never saw a smarter littli
roman. She could card and spin hei
iree yards of cotton a day on a bi,
"The motive for the crime will nevei
e known. Jealousy. she claimed. in .
rinted ballad that she made gave ris<
> the first thought. No one could evei
nagine any one that she had cause t<
e jealous of, for Charles was true t<
er. He laughed and talked with th(
-omen of his acquaintances, but tha
"The surviving members of the
tewart family met violent deaths ir
e form or another. The old man
ranky's father, lost his life while cut
ng a rail tree. A limb struck him ox
le head and.-crushed out his. brains
he mother died from the effects of
ake bite, and was in great agony thi
.st hours of her life. Jack, one of thf
others, was killed during the Civi:
7ar. Joe met a sudden deatj, but
ave forgotten the facts concerning it
lackstone, the brother, charged witl1
lping her burn my brother, went t,
entucky, stole a horse and was hn
r it. All went. It looks like God
gde g'ay with them on purpose.
lieve that they all conspired to kil
harles. It was a horrible d'eed. H14
'as such a fine fellow. We loved him.'
Nancy. the little daughter of Charle:
ad Franky SAf'er. grew to woman
ood and married David Parker. wh<
ed fighxting for the Confederacy at thi
rst battle of Manassas. The widov
arried again and is now said to bi
ving in Madison County. The Stew
rts went to Burke from Anson.-Char
The Fat Ox of Paris.
Paris is mainly carnivorous, and to
ay the procession of the fat ox, or 1i
oeuf gras. circulated in the densel.
opulated quarters which lie round the
atle market of Paris. The apothec
is of the fat ox in Egypt was, n
oubt a fete in honor of agricalture
d -la that sense, when the abattoir
Paris no longer exist, the celebra
Ion wiil return to its original signif
ance in a full and exclusive sense.
There wais a time when the chili
rho is chosen by the Parisian butch
's to represent them rode on the bac]
f the ox. but that custom yielded Ion;
go to the cars such as we saw to-day
t'hich convey not only the child, but;
'reat many grown-up children, wea:
g every kind of fancy dress. Th
tern Revolutionists said. "Enough (
his foolery," but Napoleon, with hi
nfalible instinct. knew that the bex
ray to govern the French people wa
o ylease them. So he ordained it
ontinace of the processionI of th
)oeuf gras. Quite modern is the eu
omi of naming the ox. Paris hat
;nown Pere Goriot, which was namec
tfter Balzac's novel; Monte Crist6, Pol
hos. Aramis. the Wandering Jew, So
etino and a great many others. Ti
x to-day was called Atlas II. HI
ja!;, as broad as a dinner table, w:1
overed with a snow white robe. Ox
s"per said that when he returned1
xxs stal he had a supereillious smile
'xls face. That. at all events, was a
'uost his las't p)rivilege. The churc
'(elk~ls. whih w'ere soundinig as he we
rarading through thxe streets. were lx
th Londoni Standcard-i
01 Japattesc Palm Filw.
Artical and ribbon tiowers wi
now he to take a hack seat in far<
of a new style that has made its a
pearane ini tuie shops, says the Ne
Te new ones are made from Japa
e palm fil..re. and a:'e so natural;
apernce that it Is quice impossibJ
to tell tlexm fr'om the real article. Tih
isartcularly~ the cas:e with car'natioi
ad Amercan~': Beaucx~ty r'oses. f->r a fu
her resembhinece to unture s: ddcd
heir bein;: pe~rumed like their natu:
So f:ar as the expense ::es. they r'o
H TOOK REBATES
b A Pensylvania Purchasing
Agent Makes Confession
PROFIT ON COAL HE PURCHASED
. In Nis Capacity as Purcher of Fuel
e Coal an Official Testified That He
b Had 1eceived From Five Comps
Y nies an Allowance of From 3 to 4
k Cents Per Ton.
Philadelphia, Special.-The Inter
State Cotnmerce Commission contin
e ued its investigation of the relations
of the Pennsylvania Railroad employ
h es to various mining companies in the
1. bitumiuons coal district. The first
g witness was Joseph Boyer. of Altoona,
s chief clerk in the offiee of A. V.
n|Gibbs, superintendent of the Motive
1. In fs entirety Mr. Bover's testi
mony was a startling character. His
n stock holdings were only a small por
dI tion of the gifts he admitted receiv
. ing from the coal miging companies.
SIg his capacity as a purchaser of fuel
s c9al he testified that he had receiv
- ea from five -eompanies an allowance
d of from 3 to 5 cents a ton on coal
used by the ?ailroad for fuel purposes.
t D'uring a period from the latter pan.
d of 1903 to date he has receive1 a to
n tal of more than $46,000. The com
panies which made him this allow
ance were the Graff Coal Company,
the Clearfiell and Granion Coal Com
pany, Dankirk Coal Company and
Thomas Blythe Company.
I Graff Coal Company allowed him
r five cents a ton and the Clearfield and
t Granton Company gave him a share
e in the. profits which amounted to not
less than four cents a ton. Blythe
1 and Company gave him three cents
f a ton. Re was asked why he discrim
t inated in favor of Bythe and Co. He
1 replied he did not discriminate as the
money came to him without solicita
tion or any effort on his part. He be
lieved that the money had been paid
in the same manner to his predeces
sors in office and he believed he was
only following the custom of the de
t Conditions Filthy.
Chicago, Special.-Building Com
m 'iner Bartzen and 12 deputy
building inspectors went to the stock
yards to make an inspection of every
building in the place. Commission
er Bartzen personally went to the
hog killing department of one of the
large packing houses, and described
the conditions he found there as
"filthy and dirty.''
Three Earthquake Shocks.
Manila, By Cable.-Three slight
earthquake shocks were felt in Ma
nila June 5 and 6, the last at S:38
-p. mn. on the 6 th instant. The shoek$.
are believed to have been severe on
the island of Samar, but no details
have been received.
Government Forces Withdrawn.
San Francisco, Special.-The Mil
itary authorities are gradually with
drawing aIl the Government forces
from the city witiin a few weeks
San Francisco will be entirely under
the protection of the regular police
force, assisted by a la-rge number of
specials who have been added to the
list since the fire.
Heavy Fire Loss.
New York, $pecial.-A second fire
within the space of two weeks de
stroys two or more warehouses of
the Amneriean Cotton Dock Company
at 'fompkinsville, Staten Island. and
eanded a loss estimated at between
$150,0005 and $200,000. A fire-man
was probably fatally injured.
Socialistic ideas are spreading
among the radical members of the
SThere is every prospect of bounti
ful harvests in Southern Russia.
s Captain ByiefE rode all the way
-from Manchuria to St. Petersburg, a
distance of S,700 miles, in eight
months and four days.
M. Delcasse, former French Minis
ter for Foreign Affairs, will visit the
7 United States next fall.
aA number of anarchists have been
-arrested at Barcajonia on suspicion
e of complicity in the bomb-throwing
s Below freezing temperatures are re
t ported throughout the middle of Ger
e The International Miners' Congress
- began in London.
s The Intestate Commerce Commis
sion took up the relations of the New
York Central Railroad to the coal
~companies along its lines.
SSan Francisco again quaked Mon
day night, the shoek being of short
duration, and causing no damage.
ni Governor Chamberlain was re-elect
1- ed in Oregon.
hl In the Missouri Democratic State
s Couvention Bryan wvas acclaimed as
the next President.
SThe National Liquer Dealers' As
woeintion put itself on record in an
nual convention in favor of temper
ant and the purification of the
wChief Engineer Stevenson decared
that a sea-level canal at Panama
n would hardly be more than a narrow
in grge, like a sewer.
leThe Senate unssed the Naval Ap
is propriation bill, carrying a total of
yObjection in the Senate indicates
a that the Railroad Rate Bill will be
seni back to conference.
stThe House passed the Naturaliza
'~Iion bill in spite of a filibuster by
Southern Representatives Meet
to formulate Plans
MUST PROVIDE BETTER WAGES
The Southern State Immigration As
sociation Makes Necessary Ar
rangements for its Establishment
at Ellis Island and Plzces a Man
New York, Special.-A resolution
requesting that Congress allow the
importation of labor by employers,
ana that the contracts between :;ueh
laborers and their employers be
filed with the governnment at the
port of entry, -was presented by Max
Robinson to the Southern States Im
migration Commission, which met in
this city to discuss methods for the
sOecuring of desirable immigrants. for
the South. The resolution furAhei
provides that the wages to be paid
under such contract be not less than
the recognized standard of the laeal
ity in which the work is to be done
and further expresses disapproval of
the biH providing for additional ed
uconal qnalifications and ar in
creased head tax as a bar to the im
portation of a desirable class of im
migratioa. The resolrtion was re
fetred to the excutive cgmmittu.
A letter was also read from Theo
dore Marburg, of Baltimore, w.io is
a, member of the immigration com
mittee of the Civic Federation, it
which Mr. Marburg wrote that onl,%
4 1-2 per cent. of the immigrants
coming to this country last year went
to Southern States, and that there
was urgent need in the South of an
immigration of a new race which can
be sounted on to make its cuntribu
tinmjs to progress.
Tkp members of the commission in
spected the immigration station on
Ellis Island on invitation of
Imsnigration Commissioner Watch
hors. In the course of an adiress
to the commissioners Mr. Watchorn
"ImmiZrants who arrive here are
for Northern points and if you were
to tre and steer them from their
several points they would think you
were bineo men. Unles.s the -rages
of the South are brought up to the
standard of those of the North you
cannot expect immigrarrts tc go
South, and if you did get them to go
they would not stay, because they
w. -'ld probably hear from their rel
atives in the North who were making
This statemaent caused surprise
among members of the commission
who seemed to be under the im
pression that immigrants hav.e no
special destination annd would glad
ly accept any proposition which was
made to them. 1w order that: the
commission might hre convinced, Comn
missioiner Watchorn allowed Chair
mran James E. Graybill to grestion
severur of the immigrants. Ini the
half dozen or more questione d not
one would consent to abandon the
place he was bound for ar d go
The election of permanennt officers
of the commission rosulted as fo
lows: President. T. K. Bruner. of
North Carolina: vice president, D. W.
Coons. of Kentucky: seeretai.'~r d n
tjeasurer. David Robinson, of Geor
Three Killed ini Explosioir.
Mt. Sterling. Ky.. Specia .-The
boiler in the saw mill of Lyors com
pany near Fr~enehburg blew iop tifl
ing three men and peieps fatilly irn
inrine thr-ee others. The morey loss
will be heavy.
Grade Crossing Horror.
West Peabody, Mass., Special.
Mrs. Croning, wife of W. P. Urening,
of Cambridge,. was killed ard Mr.
Croning and several of his children
were injured in a grade cros:ding ac
eident here. A train on the Boston
and Maine Railroad struck the au
tomobile in which the Croning fam
ily were tonuag. All of the ocen
pants of the v-ehiele were tow.ed higth
in the air, wvhile fra..:ments of the
automobile were hurled 2)0 feet fr-om
Village Washed Away.
Ironton. Ohio.. Special.-Scottownl,
a village 20 miles norih of Ironton.
with a population of 200 was washed
away. Not a house was left sianding
on its formdation. Mrs. Srer and
dagter were drowned. Bridg~es were
washed away and telephone lines ar*e
Struck By Engine.
Morganton, N. C.. Special .-Art hur.
Queen. of Ha~ywoodl county, aged 13.
a pupil of the~ Deaf ani. Dumb
School, was struck by: an cegine on
the Southern Railway while crossing
the track near the school. His skull
was fractured and a leg biroken in
ihree places. Ha is stinl alive but
there is no hope of his recovery.
Shot By Guard.
SChester, S. C., Special -Frazier
.Gist, a negro conviet. wile making
an attempt to gal,n his liberty was
chaot by the guard and lies in a erit
ical corndidoin at the Magdmlene Hos
l'.tal i.c. An opera'1ion has been
performzed; but as his m'tetmes r
~nemre1d in 20-odd places. iti'~ i
lv;rchable th-at he c" n r"cvr HeVLf ~
~notorious character and, wa
AM~IN END[UYHf NOI[S
ropic-The Glorified Life. John 17:
If even Christ needed to be glori
ied before He could glorify God. ho-.
nuch more do we need God's power
mnd grace before we can glorify Him
n the earth
Christ's glory is bound up with our
>bcdience: if we love Chrit. this
hought will be a mighty incentive to
L noble life.
Th more we live for Christ's
;lory, the more we shall live for one
We enjoy earth in proportion as
we see Christ's glory in it; thus also
;hall we enjoy heaven.
The glorified life is unconscious of
ts own glory,-conscious only of
hrist's. "Moses wist not that his
Woe unto us when all men speak
well of us! Their clamor will drown
'Glorified" and "clarified" are kin- I
red words. A noble man is the
The glorified life glories in Christ.
Wordly glory draws inward, like
he sponge- heavenly glory gives 4
mtward, like the spring.
Earth's greatest glories, like the <
xreek olive wreath, are valued for I
heir ideal significance; so are heav- i
The mirror gleams only so long as
t is turned to the sun; our lives are
-adiant only so long as they reflect
is in a mirror the glory of God.
When the light falls upon the dia
nond, it also becomes a light-bearer,
Lnd shines in the dark. We need
nore phosphorescent Christians.
Am I seeking my reputation below
Am I letting my light shine?
Is religion to me the happiest i
hing in life? t
Yes, there Is glory for the future: I
iething for the true believer that
sn't glory.-D. L. Moody.
We shall each have our own pe
,uliar glory, while yet lost in the
'Greater Light" who rules that gold
-n day.--Nathaniel West.
Thousands of us are yet living on
:w or three hundred dollars that
night live on the exceeding riches of
'od's glory.-M. E. Baldwin. I
The Noblest Study.
Missions are the new Acts of the
kpostles, they are the newest New
[estament, they are the prolongation 4
>f Calvary. They are the "greater I
ings than these" which the Holly c
pirit enables Christ's followers to
A man may be a Christian and be
gnorant of missions, but he is an un
-n O TH LEAGiiE LESSONS 1
SUNDAY, JUNE 17.e
Dur Aecounting.--Gal. 6. 7-10; Rev.
He 'who does, not count his life a
iigh and gracious gift of God, which
nay ncrease in power and capacity
'orever, has missed life's greatest
But if life is great in its privilege
t is also great in its requirements.
rhere is no such thing as possession
'itrout responsibility, and the larg
r the wealth the greater the obliga
What will you do with your life?e
It is an endowment.. It is a tes't. It
s a probation. God would' put us to
he procf. He gives time and
;trength enough for us to determine
mr relaftion to the infinite future. All
ife's activities have to do with that.
Nothing we do can be separated from
,ts relation to to-morrow. Our work,
ur play, our social life, our intel
ectual life-all exert an influence on
nd help to shape our destiny. That 1
s what probationx means. It is op
portunity' to form character, to fix
Life, then, is the great choosing
ime. The play and counterplay of
~orces outside of us may be interest
[ng. The activities of the great I
wold may seem of importance. But
the greatest thing about any indi- t
ridual career is not what it has done,
r seen, or suffered, or enjoyed, but
what t has chosen. Eternal destin
les are settled here. We docide on
this side of the grave, and ife on the;
ther side will follow the bent we
hiave chosen here.
Mn is the crowning point of ca
ica. Heo is mri? in God's image, and
~od's idenr for him is communion
with hi-s Mastor. We someimes hear
t .said that mann is naturally oppos
ed to God. It is not true. Opposi
Hon' to God is unnatural, although it
is .erribly prevalent. Our naturai re
lation is one of communion. Augus
tne was right-"T'hou hast made us
for thyself. and we' find no rest until
we find it in thee."
Sin has turned us away from God.
And yet there are great yearnings
within us that reach out to him. The
unrest of the sinner is the homesick
ness f the prodigal in the far coun
try. It is part of the Father's effort
r ibring his child back.
Nothing Less tha;n "All Around."
A frica! of mine who is a clergyman
tii me of a womian blon'ging to his
fick who was the victihn of a remark
ably htisty. tem.per. says a writer in
the Chicago Tribune. She knew it:
ste achno':.ledged her failing, and was~
dleterminedl to re~for'm. lHe called upon
he one day to discove'r what progress
she was makin~g, and having run; at
th frrent door. vwaitd. From inside
tlhr hall there ceame the cotifutsedI'lin
of sh:ill 'oice's. A kind of femhinn
whiwind '.< in progress insi'!e. At
: he v.s drzitte'd. Du:'ing hisin
to:-;low with : he v.omt:ta he gently
hnftd( at what he had heartd and at
"You see." pleaded the wyoman. "I
was bad tempered with my husband
this morning, a~nd when I do chage
and become good tempere'! I must bc
gin with him. It would not be nice
to legin. wih .Tane. a servant. Whien
I ochange~ I will he gOd tempered
Tho worst of so many people is
SOUTH ERN :l FA
. -C> D.@
70PICS OP INTEREST TO IY"EPL ANyER
Don't Make Garden in a Day. ti
J. C. Whitten. the horticultuPist. E
ives the following tinsely suggestions g
op-garden making: y
"If the garden is planted all in a daY. M1
:6 get the disagreeable job out of the b
-ay, it is probable that only one or ti
:wo species of plants will do their d
est Some will hate been planted h
:o0 early and othes too late. r(
"For best results in garden making. ti
ach !ind of plant should be put otit t!
t the same time when conditions are p:
est suited for it. Lawn grass seed, T
;weet peas. parsnips. onions. spinach al
d some other species should be plant- a
d as soon as the soil can be worked t(
n the spring. Seeds of all these will pi
erminate, and even make stronger li
rrowth, when the soil is only a few hi
egrees above freezing. If it freezes n,
ore or less on cold nights after they
re planted no harm is usually done.
"Other plants, like nasturtiums.
andy tufts, beets, potatoes. carrots, c
tc., have a larger heat sequirement, 3
Lnd should be planted In mid-spripg, a:
r at least later than the first-men- rE
oned list. They -will not endure well
f put out on the first days when the t
round begins to thaw out. but they
;ould be planted before the soil gets a
"Corn, beans, melons. cucumbers, to
natoes and many others require a s(
arm soll, and time will be gained if rc
hey are not planted until the soil is II
ell warmed up to , considerable b
epth. If put out too early the seeds P
Lre liable to decay in the soil. Even
f the plants do grow they wiU be- a
>ome stunted by the cold and will not Pi
evelop into good plants. It saves B
me to plant these warmth-loving SI
inds after the soil is warm.
"Some species need a great deal of n
ieat. These are lima beans, okra or re
aumboo. egg plants and some others.
hey should be the last vegetables p,
lanted. Still other vegetables should
e planted-at intervals so as to get a le
uccession of vegetables for the table. b.
lost kinds which grow quickiy may be
anted in succession. Radishes, beets, c
ttuce, peas and many others are best Yc
nly when they are tender and succu- n
ent. Seeds of these may be planted
very three weeks for a time, so as to in
iave them tender during the first half
if the season.
"No date can be mentioned for plant- E:
ng the different sorts. Seasons differ.
t may be warmer one year on the first
f April than it is two weeks later an- th
ther year. If" one will watch the
tarting of leaves and flowers on early cc
ecies of trees art shrubs he can get
index as to the time to plant. To
lant sweet peas when the willow cat
ins are coming out is a good rule, and
mlar comparisons may be made for A
ther plants. This is accurate, for the
rillows start. not on -a given day in
larch, but when they have received~
Leat enough to grow welL"O
System of Agriculture.
The three essentials are, first, theory
*; second, art of; third, practice of N<
AU fertilizers placed upon the foam in
ill turn into cotton and corn in due at
Break laud well before planting. 1
There is only go much cotton and m
rn in fertilizers; the more you get A
t the better. fa
Plow deep, cultivate shallow. a
Apply .from 400 to 000 pouds of ini
Lgh-grade fertilizer to your cotton:1to
00 to 400~ to corn.
Drain wet soils, terrace lull sides.
Plant late than not at all. s
Plant-ong-staple cotton. er
Keep ant of debt, 0
Produce big ears of corn and big
ales of cotton; both are eastly gath
Save your money, buy everything for e
sh, nothing on time. l
Make all supplies at home.
Deep preparation, thorough fertiliza- t
ion, intensive cultivation. te
Practice deep plowing, shallow cul
ivation and high fertilization. j
Advocate progressive methods. st
Pres ve and improve the land. 01
Study the principles of agriculture.
It is cheaper to make ten bales of
ottoc on five acres than to make five
Use improved farm machinery.b
"A dry May for a good crop"-!t isa
ieessary for plaints to get moisture.
: D. Martin. Gastonla, N. C., in the s'
?rogressive Farm er.
Don't Buy Many Novettes. l
In the matter of choosing the varie
ies to plant eZier for the market or p
r home consumption every vegetable u.
-ower must ire more or less a inw
into himself. Experience in a certain Pl
ocality, on a certain piece of ground to
ounts for more than all the outside da
dvice that can bec put twgether. It is m
m largely :a local matter that the ques
ion must always be approached with
hr feeling. "Well. I rather not." b;
oie good general advice may. how- 11
ver. be given. t
Do not plan novelties in large~ qrgan-'_d
Refiections of a Bac~helor.
A girl will never beloexe you love
her f you tell her in plsin, sane Iar-d
When a man knows how to earne
his living it's a sign he doesn't tr
to write poetry.
If women could vote you could nev
r gt them to elect a eatry-headed
one to auything.
Bits of Brightness. e
Percy-My f'ather occupies the chair:
ff applied physics at 'Awvud.
Chimmi-Chee, dat's nuttin'. Me
rudder occupied de chair of appliedb
elctricity at Sing Sing.
If a man wore the absence of
lothes above his waist as woman does
a summer he wonid be arrested.
A irl can be a great deal of help to I
R M -:- f0 TES.
STOCKMAN AND TRUCK Gq6WER.
ties-test them first-try only a little.
very year new varieties are brought
it by the seedsmen and after a few
ars we wonder where they have
)ne. Simply disappeared-proved to
? inferior to other more stable and
me-tried varieties and they have
opped out of sight. On the other
ind, many of the new things are
ally genuinely good. Every variety
.at we esteem highly was new one
cie. but we must be positive before
anting the new things extensively.
hen get a little seed of the new thing
id see what they will do. Every year
small plot should be devoted to this
st work and the new things which
ove to be good can be planted more
rgely another year and may often
lp the planter to get ahead of his
Spray For ApOle .Trees.
Scab Leaf Spot, Sooty Fungus-Use
pper sulphate 1-25 before buds open.
?rdeaux just before blossoms open,
ain seven days after blossomS dt-op;
peat every ten or fifteen days.
Rust-Cut out cedar trees if prac
Bitter Rot and Ripe Rot-Spray as
ove, cut out canker and avoid bruis
Aphis-Apply fifteen per cent kero
ne emulsion when lice appear: treat
ot form by removing dirt at the base
itil roots are exposed; sprinkle on to
icco stems, or tobacco dust. and re
ace the dirt.
Canker Worm-Use Paris green or
*senate of lead as soon as first cater
liars appear; repeat after five days,.
and trees before moths appear in
Codling Moth-Paris green or arse
.te of lead as soon as blossoms fall;
peat in ten days.
Curculio-Same treatment as for
Fall Web Worm-Arsenate of lead on
aves aroundihe nest, or destroy nest
Oyster Shell Scale-Use fifteen per
nt. kerosene emulsion as soon as the
ung batch in the spring; repeat wher
San Jose Scale-Lime. sulphur. salt
spring just before buds swell.
rent Caterpillar-Sare tretmtw
r fall web Worm.-North Carogna
What a Good Cow Does.
Here is a condensed sintemer! rmrm
e Clemson Agricultural College that
its in a nutshell the story of benefit
ming to the 'irm and farmer from
good cow well kept.
A good cow will produce yeariy:
I lbs. bitter at 25c. per lb.........975
30 lbs. skimmed milk at 25c. per 100.. 12
She will consume yearly:
ie ton of cottonteed meal.........2 ,
ie-half ten of wheat bran........., 11
lt tone of corn ailage..........-...16
h amount of fertilizer constituents
the above feed is. valuing nitrogen
fifteen cents per pound. and phios
iorc acid and potash at four ansd
e-half cents per pound, the total
anurial value of this alone is $39.'1..
II of this fertility remains upon the
rn, since only butter has been sald,
id this does not, contain any fertiliz
g elements. In addition, therefore.
$42 net profit of a cow, add $30
orth of fertility to the land.
This shows just how the farm is
ved from being run down when the
ops are not sold off, but consumed
the farm.-Home and Farm.
Snray For Grape..
Black Rot and Other Fungous Dis
ses-Use copper sulphate 1-T
f buds open. bordeaux mixtne 6-4.
Ibefore blossoming. again ten or f-our
n days af-ter-biossorning and every
1 days thereafter until the middle of
ly. Destroy old leaves and rotten
apes, or cover what cannot be de
oyed by cultivation. Bulletin 185
this station gives full information.
AphisUse fifteen per cent. kerosene
Berry Moth-Use arsenate of lead.
ur pounds to fifty gallons water, just
fore blossoms open; repeat after pet
Flea Beetle - When buds begin to
-ei use paris green. one pound to
venty-five gallons of water or arseni
e of lead: when worms appear en
Leaf Hopper-Whal-e oil soap one
)lnd to ten gallons water; apply to
der surface of the leaves.
Root Worm-As soon as bettles ap
ar use arsenate of lead, four pounds
fifty gallons of water: repeat ten
ys later. - North. Carolina Experi
The Catholic bishop at Vilna. Ruissia,
tssent a report to the synod showing
t since the ukase of religions to;era
n over 20.000 members of the ortho
*xchurch hae become Catholics.
The special session of the Dela
are legislature to elect a Umitee
taes Senator met last- Wednesday.
The Genecral Federation of Womn
ns' iuhs begn its annual session at
he twelfth peace conferen~ce op
nd at Lake Mohonk, the limitation
t armaments and the formation of
n intratinal congress being the
ricipal subjects discussed.
An elevator of Armour & Co. burn-/
i in Chicago, and the loss may reach
Prominent western stockmen form
a pissionL'f comnpanly to be corn
oed only of stockm'en, each mnem
e being limited to 30 shares.
The General Assembly of the United
resbytrian Church refused to elect
e. .J. A. Burnet t to an ofTice because
e smokes tobacco.
The Zulus again attacked Colonel
onber's column and were beaten of
ith heavy loss.