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When ihe Circle'-:ar wr ended
An' the member' e. t Ir e nt
To agree on how to spend i: ior
An' airabeto cs:m an' the C
Sister Sa:ah No-::en Tar'oox thot
On the mini,:el's *no -. an'
Until Sister Mary Col*y I inted
Under sub-divis:on si-:x 01
Sister Sarah. sq!echti. set sient
Save thet now az' then. sarcastic.
To the heather. fat an' lazy In a
An' the preacher ou-en flour mor
Sister Prudnc" Wi~son Connors h
Thet the niiuister was needin' 0'
An we argyed on *t. prayerfull.
By a lee,1e p'int of order raised b'
Sister Prudence set there though
With her Chrlstian sperrit ruffled
Fer the elcarin' of her conscience
fi we threw it in the river. it was
S-ster Amy Ellen Droppens thougi
To some needy Soui an' honiest at
But the hi--aws of the Circle. so
On the pian of lendin' montey rva
Sister Amy.\ Ellae h;ntcd she had i
On the plan the-t she sugges-ed ef
But she said t was a pity the coll
Hadn't irawed the Circle's by-law
Sister Evalina Spriggins sa.d she
What a Furrin M.ission Cirde's bo
An' she couldn't see how preache:
With the Furrin Mission Circles
At which Sister Phoebe Lucy Br,
Said she uuessed she :e- her du
An' to he'ar a sister hintin' in a n
Thet tt"' Furr'n "Mission Circe!c wz
An' then Sister Spriggins told her
On the Furrin MIission Circle an',
Said she knew that Sister Phoebe
An' she'd heerd -shc knew most e\
Then good Sister Patience 1iteiheo
&-rery cent of it than quarrel. and
At which Sister Ellen Jackon -riz
An' decared there was an error it
'Stid o' havin' orty dollars over a!
She had found we had a deficit of
She had got her iggers crosswig I
An' had put expended itens in the
So with harmony prevailin' Sister
An' Sister Phoebe Lucy Brown ot
Thet we're ali poor, mortal creete
How the good Lord holds us, help]
' , -ir _
The Casiro des Fitrurs wats ab-1;ze
wtlh light. As you came up the hil!
you couthl see through the orange trees
and cypresses of its garden the fasli
and glitter of its many colored lamps
slung from bough to bough. Along the
terraces and balconies gleamed rows
of brilli-nt tin:el lihtKs. and the soft.
mellow :bow of shaded lanuterns swnug
and flickered in the charmed April air.
Carrio-:e after carriae stop ( at
the steps to set down its burden of
cloaked and masked ligures. Within.
ihe rooms were already crowded, yet
still more and more guests politely
shouldered their way 'nto the big hall,
for it wras the night of the White
Redoute, and all Cannes and half of
Nice and Monte Carlo were there.
"One has to go, you know," said a
stout Englishman in ra wthite Turkish
dress trimmed with gold embroidery.
"though I don't suppose it will be
His companion put his hands into
the pockets of his silk breeches-be
-was dressed as a Breton peasant.
"One seems to be making an awful
fool of one's self," he said. "but they
tell me I must go. and Duval sent me
in this dress. I suppose it's all right."
And they passed on.
In the ballroom dancing had already
A young man dressed in the costume
M a cavalier stood dangling his white
-fenaI~ed hant by the door. Below the
golden loveloeks a touch of shadow
-rouud the ear betrayed his com
plexion. and a long, drooping mous
tache marked strikingly that portion
of a pale face which the black velvet
usk had left visihle.
it presently becamua evident that he
was waitinig for some one.
A nGirinili- of admiration r'an along
the double rows of spectators who
stood at the door watching the new ar
riv'als. A wotman wvas coming up the
red-carpeted steps, on a man's arn,
of course. At the top of the steps
she dropped her hand from his sleeve,
and walked forward alone.
This woman was clothed in long.
flowing white draperies, erinitly and
sparkling as with dew or diamonds.
Long ribbons of golden waterseed an'd
great glistening white water lilies
formed a wreath that fell from her
shoulder ateross her' hosom. and so
down to the horn of~ her skirt.
"Undine:" sahl voice after voice, as
she went arlontg.
$ihe went by the~ waiting enva'ier
with the black mrousiatche, turned het
hieatd. sm iled :imd pa~stsed on.. But that
hmalf-tur' was enon;;'u. lHe follewted
"You w;il'h."' he said. off'ering his
-arm as he gain:ed her side. "Howt is
one' to r'ecegniz2 you? Thank IFate, the
mras doeiars nrot cover the mtttt h, or I
should -ntever have k nowni yon."
"Thanuk me. r'ather." she saeid
"W\ould you have known me if I
hadn't been at the pains to somll
"No." he answered, frankly. "a!
least not at once."
They danc'ed, mtany a olown, many
ci punch and preasant watched the cav
alh r enviously as he swung his par't
ner around to thre smooth step of th(
But when the last notes died awa.)
she leaned heavily on his arm.
"I am tired.' she said, rather wearn
ly; "let us rest: unless y.ou have any
other inme on your programme foi
thme next dance?"
"You kntow,". he answered di'ee't!y
"tlst I only came here to see you.
want to tal1k to you. You have nero:
givat nc anyvthing but dances-rc've:
vrnate. or' a rose fronm your dress
o'r een leav'e to spend a moment witl
you except in the dancing room. Giv;
ni" something to-night. Give me ax
haur to talk to you in."
Thypassed through the crowd
tinrm:ch the room with the greel
tdhes. wheore the "little horses" has
just cased to spin around to the tum
or rising or falliing fortune. He pushe'
b k a bright embroidered cnrtain, ant
ope"~ned the long window that led ox
to the balcony.
Tleere was no on-i there, for the ai:
wr had fort' do::ars net,
1 1 e:: du;yv calzled a., met
r:ce s ru~es an' as
gh:.t :rto to ao to pay
. :r1h hadl Iwr 1
:' n wouldn't say a word
o the Circle she referred
ar-off fu:-rin cline,
:n h ih th-: ror:a! time.
unlv ventured to sIggCst
Sunday coat an' Vest.
-il the who'e pan was knoc.ked out
Siser Susan Stout.
:ful through the follerin' debate,
an' allowed she orto state
het she wouldnt oncet demur
all the same to her.
t the mdlIey sh'u'd be lent
a moderate per cent..
aid Sister Sophy Squeer,
2't exactly plain an' elear.
the :tw stood in the way,
nittee on expense
in accord with commnon sense.
thought it plain to see
unden duty orto be.
-s of t-he Sperrit was to roam
pendina' money here at home.
)Wn arose, an', summat het.
:y. an' she didn't choose to set
ost onebristian way
s a-goin' fur astray!
thet she hadn't meant no slur
leastwise of all, at her,
knew her business. it was true,
crybody else's business, too.
ek said the Circle better burn
she motioned to adjourn,
u, slowly on her feet
the Circle's balance-sheet.
It he fair's expense
vhen she added up her sheets
column o' rec:ipts!
Spriggins led in prayer,
4erved to Sister Blair
s. who don't seem to undersfand
ess. in the holler of His hand
-J. W. Foley, in the Century Magazine.
f1 A MASK.
They stepped out, and he closed the
window after them. The gardens lay
stretched before them, 'athed in mocn
light. In an angle of the balcouy he,
set a chair for her, sat down beside
her, and spoke.
"I have thouglht of nothing but you
ever since I saw you last. and I have
made up my taind to tell you every
thing, and to ask you-but first I want
to tell you in the plainest words what
you know already-that I love you.
and I want you to tell me in your
darling voice what I should insult you
if I doubted-that you love Ie"
IUndine fluttered her fan nervously.
"Three meetings at public dar..os.
monsieur,'' she said, with a light
laugh that had a little discord in it.
"'Oh! don't trifle with me any more,"
he broke in. "This is not play now; it
is deadly earnest. I love you. I am
going to show you my whole life, . y
whole heart. Have you i tainig to
say-nothing real? I can't speak un
less you tell me you love Ir.e."
She held out her hand, from which
she had taken the white glove, aind1
clasped his brown fit~ers with a
strong. soft pressure.
"'Speak." she said.
"To-night when we waltzed together '
I knew that you loved me, and that
we must say good-by to-night, and
never see each other again."
She drew a short, startled breath.
*"That is what I am going to tell you.
If I were free, I should now be asking
~you to be nywife."
She turned her face to hip.
"You would ask me-me, a strange
woman, whom you have only met
amusing herself at public dances, a
woman whose very name you don't
knowv, whose past you are ignorant of
--you would ask me to be your wife?"
"I would." he said. "Heaven knowsr
with what a humble heart hoping fort
a good answver. But I am not free. I
"And do you love your wife?" she I
"No," he answered. "I don't love my
wvife. Be patieat with m. and let met
tell you the whole miserable story-t
no concealments," he added, half tot
himself. "When I was a young man
I was a fool. I got into debt. I gam
bled. I lost"--his voice trembled, andt
he set his teeth hard. "I gambled andt
lost.' he went on, in a firnmer voice.
"and I forged the name in whose oilice
I was to pay my debts. I meant to
pay it back if I won on the next race.
It was As&cot. I could not pay the
money back. My employer behaved
admirably, told me that he knew my
secret, and allowed me to pay the sum
out of my salary. That cured me of
gambling, once for all. When I came
into the baronetcy and the estates, of
course. I left his office, and for some
years I saw nothing of him. But I
heard with regreit that his firm hand
faui led. anid thait lhe himself was living
in what I feared was pinched retire'
mlent, no one knew wvhere. Two years
:go he sent for mue. He was living at
Boulogne. When I r'eached him he
wa yn. anid when I saw him lying
there in that poor' room, and rememn
bered that. but for him, I should have
been a branded man, cut off from any
society that I could ever care for. a
sot't of rush of gratitude came over
me. I f elt that there was nothing that
I w ould not do for him in that hour.
" 'h is it you want?' I asked. 'Be
lieve me. vou can count on me for
'ke catre of my daughter,' he
- nii.' leave her to you.'
S-he wa 's at the other side of the
led. in shabb~y grey gown, her eyes
ted withL weeping."
' e'ry plain. I suppose," put in Un- -
IHe frowned a httle.
It nsn~t't her fault that she looked
ike tat." 'he said: '.'sbe had been cry
ne till she could hardly see out of her
'But what am I to do with your
(iataughter?' I asked. and I saw in a
minute what a position hers woulid be
as the war'd of a young unmarried
-man. I cared for no one else. I was
a fool: but at that moment noth'na
Ieme.1 to m., to matter oenet that I
he should die wtn nis nund at roas
So I said:
*If your daughter wil marry me.
I wii imake her'- goL hIsband. I
wiI tak:te care of her.'
"'Vhat did the gir! say?" asked Un
"4he said 'Nv. with obvious and un
tiatte2ring si'!cerity," he answered,
wvrit a hard laugh.
"BDut the old man raised himseil in
bed and said:
-Celia, this is a chance that will
never come to you again. Thi's i- a
good man'-Godl bless hiAm for say!:.
that-'and if you marry him I shalI
die easy and rest in my :rave. Let
me rest in my grave, Celia, and know
that y-ou are well cared for.'
"So we 'were married-aud the nex- t
day be died."
"And what did you do? Did you take
your wife howe? Was that what you
"No. That's 3what I ought to have
done. She would not see ne after her
father's death, and I left her there
while I went home to make arrange
nents for her reception at Everson
Court. When I came back she was
genm. She had left ne a letter-here
it is. I have never seen her since.'
Undine took the letter. and spread it
out with hands that trembled a little.
It ran thus:
"Dear Sir Albert Everson-You'
goodness and generosity in marrying
me to please my poor father have coi
ferred an obligation on me that I can
never forget. The least return I cau
make to you is to leave you all the
freedom our unfortunate situation per
mits. Forget me and forgive me, if
you can, for having brought this
trouble into your life.
"What a stupid girl," said Undine.
"Not at all," Everson answered. "I
didn't see what else she could have
"Have you never heard from her
"Yes, she r.rites to me every three
months, and says she is doing well."
Everson answered. "Oh, what a
,hastly farce life is! Here I an. tied
to her. She does Lot want ine. And
[ want you, and all the tune of life
"The old man was right," she said,
you are very good."
"And is that all you have to say?
)h! give me some werd of pity-sume
vord af comfort'"
"What car I say or Jo?"
"You can say 'Good-by and God hies
rou:' You can take off your mask. ad
et me Just this once see your dear
'ace. Tell mae your name, and tell me
'ou forgive me for having loved you.
d for having told you so."
"Tak- off your itask first," she said.
Te 'broke the string, and it fell besiCe
,im on the 1oor.
"Forgive me,"' she said for hav.g
nade you love me."
"I have nothing to forgive," he an
wered. "Show me your face before
ve say good-bye forever."
She had locsened the mask, and w'as
ciding it in its place with her hand.
"W1.y should we say 'Gcod-by ?'"
"He looked at her doubtfully.
"W'hy? Have I not teld you why?"
She spoke sharply, resolutely
"I have made it the business of' my
ife to see you; to talk with you. to
cke you love me. so that we- need
tever part again. You love thme masked
dy. Will it kill your lov'e to know."
he asked as she dropped the mask on
er knee, "that the masked lady is
'ur wife ?"-Ne w I.>rk Ne ws.
Magnetized places-spots attracting
ron like the lodestone-are often no
iced in v'ok-'aic rocks. They have
ceen ascribed by Folgheraiter to light
ing. inut he knew of no magnetized
ocks that had been tested before the
Two investigators had been testing
ocks near Mount Etna when. during
he night lightning fused a telephone
rire, from which an uninsulated earth
yire in along a basaltic wall, which
iad previously shown see reely a trace
f magnetism. Next morning the
tones of the wad were i.trongly mag
etic for five irnches on I~e ' sides of
he wire, the pola--it3 indicating that
e c(arrent passed upw'ard.
To enable people to send thei-- voices
o their friends through the mails is
he ambition of thre French inventors.
vho have united their ing:enuity in the
roductionl of a wax-like material
,alled "sonorine." which may be spread
ipon a postcard. Spoken mecasages
nay be impressed upon the prepared
ards by placing them'in a phonogra
3hic apparatus, into which the sender
peaks. and the receiver of such a card
a1s ocly to put it through a receiving
phonograph in order to hear the voice
f his friend as in a telephone.
What is now known as hypnotism
wvas heralded nearly half a century
e.: "s of gr'an irQg:'t, ace in wcehl
mugasis and as a moral aid in train
ing 'hildren, and much greater powers
have been assigned to it in recent
years. A. late French writer has shown
that its usefuln'ess has been greatly
exaggerated. It affects only wills too
weak to be aided, and it can have no
value in systematic education. Gr:'s
set has concluded that it is so often
Larmful that it should be employed
only by the practiced phnysician.
Forgery by phionograph is a n p
crime discovered in Hungary. The sou
of a wealthy peasant proved an ora.
will of his father by testimony of serv
r ts who heard a voice from the dying
parent's bed, saying. "I leave all my
property to my eldest son, Alois, and
nyothir children are to get nothing."
Such a statement is valid in Hungary.
Sub~seqently, however, the police
were informed that the voice the serv
ants heard was npt that of his father,
but that Alois had spoken the words
into a phonograph. He had plamced the
instrument under his father's bed. and
when the old man lost consciousnes'
ralled the servants in and set it goint.
The police searclied his house and
found the phonograph record as dle
scribed. , Aloa is now to be charged
@000 000 SOG00099000:980esl6
How to Dittinfect a Room.
G 1t a Iarge-size metal bath. ant
partly till with water. Pr'tly fill
pail with water. and stand in the bath
On the pail place an old metal tray
;l'i see that it stands tirll:. ("-. ItheI
tray put two or' thre puountis 0
powde;red sunIjl u r m ioistoe w 'IIf-1N"Il
methyhte(l spirit. Have :III ipwriurs
salve your door of exit. elb'ely h
and all their crevices stopped. Se
lire to the sulphtir. -
When you have quitted the room at
tend to the door. Open twelve hlour.
later. Although this reads very sini
ply, the matter is not so satisfaetory
as inight he supposed. W.ll paprs
and not seldom colored fa.blri's are
damaged by the fumes. TIre writ-r's
Opinion is that fumigation for cloth
ing, etc.. is a mistake. Evr? dry air
fails because it does not pentiratc
properly. says Home Notes. Boiling,
or trearting by superheated steam will
alwa ys aive good resuit
A kitchen convenience w.".iich is.O
present in every household is a pair
of sharp scissors. Scissor: are used
to in lamp wicks-which is wrong
and cut papers and string: 'nit seldom
for trimming bacon antl Iani rinds.
skinnling aud trimming sahids. These
are proper uses for the seissors, and
the use of therw saves much labor.
Every housewife should cultivate
the habit of five-minute n:.ps. After
working hard a few hours a woman
is apt to feel sleepy or "dregged out."
and imagines that it is only that or
dinary sin of the flesh-laz ness. But
if she gives in to the feeling. and rests
for a short time on a comfortable
lounge she will feel wonderCully fresh
ened and will do better aad quicker
work than if she had fo:'egone her
Green food is almost inclispensable
to caia-y birds. but if lettui'e is searce
a good substitute imay he. had by
planting a little cf their favorite seed
in sumall flower pots and nllowing it
Warx to Serve Coff.!e.
Various are the ways ofterving cof'
fee. and the heverage s renlly .ser
ously affected in taste by Vie way the
cream or m!lk and sugar nie added to
it. The English way is te pour into
the cup simultaneously coff ee and ho:
milk. This kind of coffee is said to
make the least denmands or: the diges
tion. The Freneh prefer cfe au lait
at the morning meal and biack cof
fee at other meals. Cafe al lit is
sometimes made- by adding hot milk I)
plain coffee. but i better when mnade
as follows: ILice inl an ear:h'.n
or granite wart pot a 1umrtr W
milk and let it heat almost to. boil
ing. Then add four taIhesnoonfuls of
frehly ground coffee. Shutle the- pot
back and forth on. the stove umil the
afe comes to a heil-. Let it rest nB'e
minutes before ser'vnir. 'This also is
fairly innocuous, but what is to he said
for Cuban coffee. which is deliel:ous.
tt least. The coffee is raade exnra
strong. much too strong for hdal:-h. and
is served wvith the cup, half :'ul of "'"I:
Do You Know
That cake may be kept fresh hy pirf
ting a fresh ripple in- the ecake box.
That any kind of-e:ann'ed ish'shotid
be put into a colander ar few hours
before it is used an~d bo:ling: water
poured over it.
That if sourp is too salty seve:i
slees of raw potato shoukc he added..
Boil a few minutes ioonge when rhe
potato will be absorbed wi rIr the salt.
says the Newv York Manil.
That cracked egg may be boiled if a
spoonful of vinegar is :nled to the
That if lettuce heaves th it have-.just
been washed are dropped into a hag
made of old table linen tIme moisture
will be immediately absorbed if the
lettuce is shaken about.
That mashed potatoes ar? very much
improved if bits of green pepper are
worked into them.
That the taste of boiled water may
be improved if it is thoroulghly beaten
up with an egg heater.
That the bread box will be in a
much better condition if it is lined with
heavy manila paper that is changed
twice a week. Thle bread keeps much
longer, without any possiblilty of mold
Fruit Cooki.s--neu cup choco'lateL
raisins, one cup bmmuter, three cups
lour, three egg5. onie-hailf :up .moa.es
two-thirds cup su;.:rr.
M1ay Biossom Ca ke'-Unt to a crtym
three-quarters of a cup ol butter. with
one of sugar. :idd oneii-half ('upfull of
sweet milk and two cupfuls of flour
whites of ten eggs. and a fter' beatin
thoroughly togiher add to the cake
nxture0: stir in two tealspoonfuls of
haking powvder andt lastl7 a ('11)1>1 of
blancbed almoni1". Coven with a wvhite
icing and place alinondt meats on torp
to suggr.ent blossoms.
ihread Pudditt--One anmd (l0uC-Irl
sie1s of b~read. one pint of mildk. two
eggs. piece of butter as larrge as Eng
lish walnut. Sugrar to ta t e. Salt anu11
a little nutmeg. 11)1. Chocolate Siam
for iPudding--Boil ono (.1p wate"' andi~
one-halIf cup sugar thrieeIll mites. Mi
thee teaspoonis grated .lhocolate amnd
one teaspoon eornstareI with two
thirds cup otf miik'. Stir in with sugar
and water. Boil until it thickens5 a
Lemon Pie-One cup .sugar and one
large cooking spoon of flour. maixed
thoroughly. Then add jumic~e and grat
ed rind of one large or two small
lemons. one (cup boiling water. small
piece butter anid one whole eeg~ -jnd
yolks of two rmorc. Stir all together
and cook in doublje boiler (or~ oven' hit
water until t'hiik. Bil:0 (enst lii'st
Make a richi crursi. pricl: with a for'k
:it over'. every ineh: bake a nice
)rownl. : urn ini the tillingr anmd (oVer
vith mneringueC made Xf whites of
Speech of a Wise Man.
Oo) roads was the keynoie of
oiie of the ablest spoeche. made
in Cong-ress' this sesin it
delivered in the House of Rep
ntivsby Represemiative I.-c. of
riwho, with telling foree,
blrouht out fact after fact about the
deilorable conlition of American roads
; y. It is a inifieant fact that
his sv'eeh was listened to with the
aztention by members of the
.e:resellf titve Ie began:m by Sayinl
tha: all civilized govermients bjuitl
roads. and that all save our own h've
soime t etilis-ed system fOr bnilhdig
atnd na' taining puhlic lighways. In
r the direction1 ofsmilled and coimpe
tent officals. Early in this century
some w6rk of this kind was done by
the Federal Governmeiit. The 1hawn
6 railway building and steam transpor
tation, he said. senms to have largely
drawn puble attention and enterprise
from our colmmon highways. as a nat
ural consequence. for more than fifty
years-yeirs that have been full of
throbbing life and vigor for us as a na
tion: years that have no parallel in the
history of our.race for triumphs of man
over nature: years that have been filled
with a sucession of wonders and
triumiphs in every field of human
thought and endeavor. But the great
est wonder of all these wondrous years
is :iat as a nation we have utterly i
nored oirr country roads. and we seem
u rpriseyl when we look about us and
find them no better than they were half
a centiry ago.
Confinuing. Mr. Lee said: "The able
Secretary ofAgriculture estimates that
the cost, the extrh burdens iipoed
upon this country by bad roads, is not
less thau $600.000.500 annually. These
figures almost stagger credulity. but
who can gainsay them? And yet. when
a bill was recently introduced in -this
IIou.e to appropriate $25.00U.000J an:
nually for abating this great and con
tinuing .10s, it was ridiculed in some
ouarters as a fake-visionary and hi
practic:ble-as if it were wild an1* un
reasonable to stop a leak of hundreds
ol millions of (lollars with this compar
Iively m:mall appropria tion. But tos4
who reviled it have not seized upon the
opporrtunhty to propo-se a better plan.
.Forty millions of doiars were
nromptly handed out from the ruoli
tresm-y to p::y for the privilege of
srending~ $4).00.000' more to diz a
diteh in foreign lands more-than 10^10'
mI es from lionie. Not one-hundredth
of on Ver cent. of our people w:ll ever
see it: not one i:i 1000 of our people w;il
ever- feel his burden lightenpel or his
.oty and 'omnfortsof life increased when
it is finihed- One-hai~f the stum it wil
cot if intellizently e,:pendcd upon our
public highwrtys dur'ing the next ten
years, wouMd give 100 times as man.y
conforts and pleaisures to 1000 times
as many of our peopie. '.he canal will
be ar great publie utility, no doubt. but
etter roads are a crying pub!ie- need,
-1f the army needs a roafT it ge ts it
Even our possessions in the Far East,
the- Philippuine Islands. have been the
objects of oirr solicitous are to the ex
tent of expending $3.000.000 In building
roads for them. Porto Rico. though
not much larger thanu somne of our coun
tis, has had over 8,000.000 expended
upon its roads- since it camne into our
possession.. During our brief occupant
ey of Cuba our Gohverniment expended
:2.30.000 upon its pubilic roads. Even
thse little dots in the Pacitie. the H-a
wiian Islands. have eome- in for ai
share and have a cor.templated expen
dliture of' .o.300.00 upon their roads.
These various sums aggregnte S1:-1.00~0.
(tO$ that have been expended during
the past few years In building roads.
not a foot of which lies wi:hin the Uni
ted States. What have we against our
own people that we should deny to
them blessings that are freely extended
to the idle Islanders of the seas?
"But other interests and forces are
"'tmig to the aid of the soltary and
unorganized farmer. His friends in
the cities. havig uraavn rich and
equipped thenfselves liberally with self
propelled vehicles, want better roads
to roll them over, and they are inter
ested in the problem of the roads. The
manufaceturer. l'earn ing from exper
ine that had roads interfere mate
lally with ihis obtaining steady andu eon
tinous supplies of raw nmaterialI. wante
tme raads imin-roved. The miillions "1
oneratives in the miinc's. factories and
shops are learning that haid roaids ia
crrse the cost and disturb the reenlar
supplyv of food prodnets from the farms
which they must have, and they want
better road's. The .merchant byar
leired that bad roads retard and re
press trade, and lhe wants them mend
ed. Our Postotliec Dep~artmetrit is
greatly hiintlered and hampered in its
effrts to supply to the country reguir
and reliale mail service for lack of
better roadse. In fact. it would be hard
to name an interest. :an industry, or an
indvidual whon would not lhe benefited
y better roads."
Tepri-enta1Tive f.ee said that if he
had the privi:ege of writing upon the
stai:e hooks a law that had more of
the pr.>mise and potency for immediaite
aad last ingz aood to all the people thani
any hIaw thtat ha~ts been proposed or dis
mised in the Honaisc. i;. wvould be ai law
retiing a D~epattment of Pubiie Hiuh
wars. 10 act th'rougP. and ini conjune-i~
aat horii.s in r'eoeemnt the l: country
fron the throes andl :hlraliom of its
iiserablIe roadsl. and hie wouMd giv
that departoonet not less thaa $.()
) a year uinti I1 te wt:rk hatd reachEa a
sa i sfactory stage of advla iineen.
.So here we arn." samd he. "riget !n
the muiddce of thme road. andi the sorriest
kinl of a read tt that. 'A coniditioni
it years of ob)servationfl long eioughi to
conviCe is thiat tihe roads will not re
Have~ a Cnred Cod.I
-'urv e a re -'-"0R
.-ee:m\'e '.a ciy o f ..5r% cy
..w .. h~ -tv" -t re ?
SSOUTH ERN f
TOPICS OP iA EPEST TO( HE PLANTE
The Say, Bean.
A professor of Ithe Virginia Experi
mleit Station wrotte to the Southern
Planter a rcommnii dat:oe of the soy
0e:1an1. It mny not be _s valuable for
this State as the velvet bean, but it
has one advantage that will be appre
ciatedl in many )laces. that it is Lot a
elimber. The velvet bean is such a
rampant grower that it is dihi:-lt to
keep it- from overrunning the orange
trKes in a grove. The evidence seenis
to indicate that it :i duite as good
for stock and less troulie to get in
shape for feeding.
The soy bean is one of our most val- 1
uable legmuinous crops. rivalling the
cowpea, and surpassing it in many sec
tioni vhere tie elevation is high and
the climate cool. It withstands a
drought very well, and will thrive sur
prisingly well on poor, dry soils. Soy
beans will grow under niany conditions
of soil and climate unfavornhip to cow
peas and other legumes. The value of
the soy bean as a soil improver has I
been known to the farmers of the State 1
for many years. but the charaeteristics
of the different varieties are, as a rule,
not well xjnderstood. This is unfor
tunate, for some of these varieties are
worthless. while others are good grain
and forage prodnwers.
Several varieties were grown on the'
station test plant last season which I
failed to mature seed. while others ma
tured seed early in September.
The soy bean commoniy use f
throughout the i'outh is an excellent
variety for many sections. but failed to <
dhature seed at Blacksburg last season.
This bean was sold by the seedmuen
without any variety name for many I
years, but was given the name of j
Mammoth 'Yellow by this station on'
account of its large growth and to dis
tinguish it from other varieties. Lately
this variety has been advertised by
some of the seedmen under this name,
and we hope to be able to get every
seedmatn throughout the country to ;
ive the soy beau that they are selling
some definite name,. and then the "Ise
ful qualities of the several va-r'.eies
cn be deterniinked,
The be.p yisliing varieties at this
:ion Int year were. first, the .Tap
which matured September. 1. 1
and gave a yield of 15.2.5 bushels per
ai.e: the second hest yielding variety I
Vas the tho San Yellow. which ma- t
trred se( I September 17. and gave a
yield of - 3 bushels per acre; the third r
est yielding variety was the Extra
Early Blael . which matured Septem
ber 1. and gat.-e a yield of 1'P.2 bushels
per acre. The Holybrook and Breck's o
soy bean. which are simiTar to the f
Mammioth Yellow. failed to mature
seed at this station.. but woul~d no
:itot do so on- the Costal plain region.t
One can readily see that a great mis
take could be made in buying seed
e the soy bean without knowing the
ariety name and understanding some-t
hing about its- date of ripening and I
yieldinmg power.. 11
At present it is not known b~y the; r
rriter where seed of the .i.apanes~e p~ea t
sy bean can be obtained, but the Vir
iia Experiment Station expects toa
Iave seed of this variety to distributet
in small quantitie.s atongt the farmierse
f the State this fall..
Those receiving -seed -will be expected
to grow the beans undcr our direction (
nd sell them to their neighbors at a ;
resonable cost so that anyv desirinit tot
test the value of this crop may have an
opprtuiity to do so.
any informa~tion eeneerning the dif
erent vairieties of the soy bean or their
vruine in the rotation will be cheerfully I
urnished to the staticn.
SCost of Keepitt ffens.
Farm and Ranch gives the figures of
the cost oft keeping the hens and the
best mtethds as. follows:
Taking the hens as the basis-as the
aiai invested-the gnestion of protit<
hmiimes on her tlity. the amo~unt it I
costs to iced her. and the number of
eggs she can he made to or induced to
lay in am year. or any given period of
time. We are sure that this question ji
is not taken very se'riously by farmers.I
becanwe they seldom give their hiens:
any particular care or attention, and
in a great un:ny cases do not feed1
ther at all. exept in the non-productive
vium er seasonl.
Sill. the whole question of poultry
keepng himges ri:.:ht here, for no one
would care to en::ii to in a losing enter
prise. TIhere mumlst the something tangI
be about it-som!ingiiii like a fouinda
tion to it. and th, chanees to gain by
it throug~h work and~e time devoted to
it by those who are in eatrnest. seek
g to soire the~l proem fa voratbly. to
th'ir Itintncial bettermnctt.
To .vr' factms ;h:. arg~ of anmy v-alue
to i lhers, a person01 enn omP~y fu1!y and
'!t init cV'ti1te iersonalI experi en(ce.
1hc writer. a1s mo' st (of ouri readers
know. lis a keeper' of pouitry. andt~ has
had mu.-h to say on the 5iubjec.t in
tmes:' colonufls. and in other papers. of
simi::r cllss. for a1 period ofi twenty
yers. .\nid yet. our' experienice is linm
ited mil we stand open1 to conviction,
A homely girl always selects a girl
ca:clior thtan herself for her brides- 1
lavenlv considerations often ap
ear trirling to a man until he has
one Itreasure there.
Thei1 lBible 'ontaints the mathematies
>f mralt v.theirionometry . of~
rmh i. to bilogy o4f thme blessed life. I
tie s:ience of: thei saul.
There are men of mcney who think
tey are lending their gold to the
Lord while the colleges are paying
them back by degrees.I
Te man whom God can only tuse
to kindle tires cannot tiderstanid why
those whol are' st rong' enouahI for
ousts are not wh'itt led up as lie is.
Even the lazy man mnakes at lea
mefl trenumous~ effort to see how little
e aut ac'conish
You can alwrays. make a satisfacto
4 R M -:- 0TES.
? STOCKM 4A ANf rRUC GR&WEP.
and ready to learn from others now
But while this is true, we are able to
;ay we know there is profit in poultry
1eeping. because we have made it pay.
md on practical lines. as well as with
pure bred fowls in the fancy egg and
And now to the facts of personal ex
>erience on the question of profit: And
n1 this summary is not taken into con
ideration the production of the hens.
s to whether they should be raised
r purchased-taking the ground that
h point of value they represent in
henselves their cost of existence to
heir keeper, that they can be disposed
f ati any given time for what it cost
:o produce them. With this fact set
led. the question of profit is nat-rowed
own to the single one of the cost of
'ood and tl value of the eggs pro
In coun.ing the cost of food in our
>ersonal experience. we - charge up
very item excepting that of green
ood in spring. summer and autumn,
or we raise it ourselves. outside of
ur chicken yards, and feed to them of
morning while it is fresh and crisp.
Ve raise Essex rape. oats and wheat
prouts for this purpose. and as neither
-equires any cultivation, the cost is a
nere trifle. It may be that during the
eason that grows this green stuff, the
owls and chicks get all the bugs, in
ects. etc.. that 'hey require. But dur
g the cold season green cut bone is
ed to them three or four times a week,
nd on those days the grain ration is
ut down correspondingly. - The meat
nd the bone ration is much more nec
ssary for the hers in cotd weather to
eep them laying than the green food
s at that season. On the other hand,
n the mild sep on. the meaty ration
an be dispensed with to a great ex
ent. if the green stufi is freely sup
We feed our hens grain-corn. oats
d wheat mixed. twice daily. and the
,reen food, or out bone. as .the ease
ny be. only one time on the days
r-heu they are supplied with either.
nd while the cut bone ration may be
itted every other day. the green
ood should be given freely in spason.
e Essex rape. which produces a
arge. flexible leaf. becomes in this
ay one of the chief articles of- tat
ens' diet. and not a mere relish. for
hey eat of it more heartily. and it
trongly cvlors their droppinas. It is
most excellent egg producer. This,%*
ystem is followed in keeping hens
arded where there is some grass, but
-hich is such a wiry nature that its
117 value consists in its being a harbor
r bugs, etc., which the hens catch -of
night and morning.
Wie find that we can keep onr hens in
mrft and profitable laying conidition
fter this -syste:n.. at a cost of $7 per
undred, monthly; or $84 per hundred
nnually. And under these conditions
hey lay an average of 150 eggs per
err during the twelve months. The
rice will average, taking the year.
mnd. eighteen cents per dozen. al
ough in the early springtime it 1&
earer thirty cents :r dozen tihan the
v-rtge price named. An easy calcu'.s
ion will show that the value of the
slaid by each hen is $2.25. while
e cost of her keeping is about eighty
tr cents. This is on a market basis.
)f course, if a man has a fancy trade.
ting $1.50 a setting for his eggs in
e hatching season, and gets three
itings from each lien during that
iue. the profit from the hens is sev
raf dollars each. Our purp~ose in this
:r:ice. however, is to show we can
ke and do make it pay on a market
Better eep a (cow.
The Southern Rtura list asks some
Luestns and then gives some good ~
die. Only those who have
'cw~ that gave an abundant s.upply of
nilk and butter, ad- ifie then been
itout. can appreciate the value ot
ich a comfort.
How many cows dlo you keep on your
ar': Do you have all the milk and
utter y~ou need for family. and do
-out maike any to sell? These are per
inent questions. friends, for if you
al to have all the milk and butter
out need for homne consumption you
ont half live. The writer remembers
hen we onig had one cow at the
iuralist f<1rm. an)d when she went dry.
owv we were forced to resort to the
~n cow, and eat store butter until she
ame in again. Thmin-;s went mighty
tr'y. I can tell you. The cornbread was.
iard and the biscuit didn't taste nat
tral. Even Ted, the dog, sniffed at
Iis dinner suspiiusly. :and ate slowly
nd with little relish. We stood it for
svle. and then we boug.ht another
o and beganm to live again. Our' stom
.h once morc regained that comiforta
le feelIng, and we feel sure that a.
-ase of indigestionl was averted. Not-4
uly 'this, lbut tihe spirits of the cook
mevivr-d. anld we were no longet
sha med to invite friends -home to
inner. I->tter kl''p a cow. friends.
aid be happy anmd healthy.
Reflections of a Bachelor.
All the world loves to laugh at a
Circumstances induced by a rail
:ad wreck alter cases.
Every man pays for what he gets
-either in coin1 or self-respect.
Some people take offense becau:se
hem~ is nothing else lying around
~oo many men seem anxiouis to ;tive
santamec majlesty mi:-e (6:'n hiS
Most elopements are dume to the
a~t that there are no wedding pres
nts in sight.
There is nothing more unattrIact :ve
han a silk lhat that has outlived its
Hatred .is often the resnit of
nowig but one side of a person.
The middle aisle is tiie mosi, satis
'etory brile path.