Newspaper Page Text
'IHE INN OF
When t, gray year plods down
Toward the end of the hill,
Where 1hma white little town
Lies aileep. wonder-still.
Then he mends his dull pace,
For a ray. streaminig far.
Strikes a gleam or. his faec
From the Inn of the Star.
Then the staff is set by,
And the shoon from his feet,
And the burden let lie,
And Le-sitteth at niat;
Old jesti. round the board.
Old songs round the hlaze,
While tie faht bell. accor
Like !. it ous ol old days.
***** CAUGHT 1
HE N l-John Jubber. veteran
butler at the Grauge-took
in the 5 o'clock tea things
one evening (it was the foot
man's place, strictly speaking, to do so.
but knowing that the two old ladies
preferred we. I always made a point
of doing so). one of them. I think it
was Miss Matilda. said:
-Well. Jubber. and what do you
think of the. new housemaid? Tell
us candidly, do you think she will
"I think, ma'am." I replied. "she is
a remarkably good-looking young wo
man. You see, ma'am. she only came
yesterday. so it is impossible for me to
tell exactly. I can only say she seems
a respectable girl enough. and certainly
very clean and tidy. ma'am."
"Yes. she is very presentable. cer
taiuly," chimed in Miss Jane; "but you
know. Jubber. we want something
more than good looks.
Yu see. .Tubber, Ann Preedy had
be:n here so many years, and my
sister ad i were so familiar with her
ways. that we cannot get used to a
new maid very qjulckly. Still, you un
derstand. we have such very great
faith in your opinious upon all domes
tic affairs. .lubler. that it you ex
pressed yourself satistied with Mary
BLake we should feei quite easy in our
"So we will ask you. Jubier. to keep
your eyes on her. and to report to us
on her general couduct. and so on. in
$:IV. .1 w1eek'~s time from now."
Well. I did keep my eye on the young
womau. :a-z I was totld. and a week of
her acquaintance only confirmed my
original impression-namely. that she
was as good-looking a girl as one would
,wish to see-auburn hair, slightly in
clincd to red, liquid blue eyes, pearly
teeth, a trim. compact little figure, and
such a foot and ankle! I wouldn't give
a thank-you for the prettiest woman in
Englaud. I assure you, if she hadn't
meat feet and ankles. And those Mary
BT2k-e certainly possessed. She was
Vonderfully quick, and neat, too, in
.The first morning after she came I
~superintended in person her dusting
'of the old china in the drawing-room.
I ,couldn't have done it better my
self. Well, it's a remarkable circum
stance, that every blessed morning
after that did I find myself drawn to
'ward the drawing-room where Mary
.Blake was -busy dusting the orna
i -'Are you fond of china?" said I.
'one morning, as I watched the new
houtsemaid tenderly taking up a little
- 'Qh! yes," she exclaimed. "I can
assure you. Mr. Jubber, that dusting
trhis room of a morning is a labor
of love to me; it is. truly. My late
mistress gave me a book all about old
- uhna, and I-I know something about
it. sir. Next to listening to music 1
think I like to look at beautiful china.
.And oh! Mr. Jubber, how lovely you do
:perfornm on that violin! When you was
piaying last night in your room I sat
.sudi listened, and it was a treat to a
poor girl. Yes, and when you played
'kfome, Sweet Home,' oh! Mr. Jabber,
you don't know how I felt.
"Oh! Mr. Jubber, I could not help
crying. I-I c-c-cannot help it Dow.
Oh! Mr. J-J-Jubber, f-f-forgive me,
wo-o-n't you? I c-c-can't help it, yon
are so k-k-kind to me."
And, with that, blessed if she didn't
throw herself into m'' arms, sobbing
as if her heart duald break. Well, all
I can say is. when a young and lovely
;woman in distress twines her arms
round the neck of a susceptible man,
and goes on as Mary Blake did to me
that morning. I imagine there is only
one thing that man can do under the
circumstances. and I did it, you may
be sure. I-in short-kissed her:
I beat a somewhat undignified and
- Curiously enough, that very morn
iing made up the week my mistress
had given me in which I was to form
an estimate of the character of Mary
"I am happy to .say." I reported,
"that I consider Mary Blake perfect in
*ev"ery possible way. She is modest
and unassuming in her manner, and I
- bound to say that as a housemaid
I never yet saw her equal. I think.,
mna'amn." I wound up. "the most fragile
.chiua in the world would be perfectly
:sa fe if she had the .' nndling of it."
"Mv dear .Zane." exclaimed Miss Mn
ti:La. clapping her hands together in
great delighit--my <%ar Jlane, never
were. I do believe, such lucky People
.as we are. We have actually found
Well. dear reader, the interest I
took 1I. Mary 1-lake's career still coni
tinued, and I fouit u myself cver'y
moruing superintending the dusting
-operatioas it. th" drasv~iig-room. The
r''guish blue eyes (no longer with
tears in 'euu wouldi still lont in'to mine
i:1 the samie pleading. trustful ay
the br'othe:' and s sterv k -s would.
ta. eeibae :o go falin in love like
t'his. for that's what it is. there's no
mistake about it: you ought to be
ausLhamed of your'self."
The niext muorning I a-oided the
dra wingt-r)oom at dnsting time. Re
su:t--:here was a reprcachf~ul look in
the hiue eyes. I determinmed. though.
to be irn:, and the next morning, as
Ifo'e, to keep cear of the dr'awing
ro.Alas: for'.my resolution.
Happeniuis to pass the door--quite by
nedn.of ectre-I heartd a sound ais
of some oue chouking withiu. Mary ill,
In the sweet bed of peace
He shall sleep for a nigh;,
And faith, like a fleece,
Lap him kindly and light;
Then the wind, crooning wild,
Mystic music shall seem,
And the brow of the Child.
Be a light through his dream.
And we, too. follow dowa
The long slope of the hill;
See, the white little town,
Where it shines, wonder-still!
Be our hopes quenched or bright,
Be our griefs what they are,
We shall sojourn a night
At the Inn of the Star.
V THE TOIL *,*i
perhaps, I thought 'o myself, and at
once opened the door. Yes. there she
was. sitting on the sofa with her bead
burled in the cushions, sobbing as if
her heart wKould break.
"What is the matter. Mary. my
dear?" I exclaimed. drying her eyes
with her own duster as I spoke.
"Oh! go away-go-a aw-a-a-y." she
"NO. no: tell me what is the matter
what are you crying for?" I said.
"Oh! Mister Jubber. I I-o-o-ve you
so-o. and you're s-s-so cruel," she re
plied. sobbing away louder than ever.
Well, here was a pretty go. Of
course, I made a fool of myself. and
swore I loved her in return. and all
the rest of it, if only to keep her
"And you will be k-kind to me, and
let me help you clean the P-p-plate, as
you promised?" said she.
"Oh! yes. of course I will. Mary, my
dear," I replied. sealing the promise
w'ith a kiss. "And now be off, and I'll
finish your dusting for you."
Well. I dusted away at the china
ornaments, thinking all the while
what a fool I had made of myself, and
was about to leave the room, when
by the sofa on which I had found
Mary reclining I caught sight of a
crumpled piece of paper. It was a
letter. and as it commenced "Dear
Poll." i guessed at once who it be
longed to. So I pocketed it, meaningi
to hand it to Mary when I next saw
Now. I am not an inquisitive man,
as a rule, but before I got to my pantry
I could no more resist reading that let
-ter than a moth could avoid going at
a candle. This is what it said:
"Dear Poll-Hasn't that. there old
Spooney let you have a sight of the
plate yet? Get to see it immediate,
as Bill and me want to do the crack
next week. and Oliver's (the writer
alluded in his slang to the moon) not
on the job then. If you can get hold
of the old girl's diamonds, you can do
em up ready for us at the same time.
Further pertiklers on hearing from
"The kids is all well, and so am I,
mnd I remain, y'ours affectionate,
"P.S.-Is there a barker on the prem
It didn't want much acumen to un
lerstand this precious epistle, it
was as plain as day that the party who
wrote it meant carrying off my mis
:resses' plate, and that the newly
ound iTeasure (?), Mary Blake, was in
with the thieves.
The next thing to be done, thinks I
o0 myself, is to see whether "Old
Spooney" can't get the best of Mr. .To
eph Maggs. With that in view, after
naking a copy of the letter, my Erst
met was to go and replace it exactly
where I found it. And it was lucky 1
lid, as it happened. for just as I came
ut Miss Mary Blake bounced in. She
ramne to look for her duster, she said,
mnd it was quite refreshing to, note
:he dash she made for the letter tbe
nomnent she saw it. Of course. I pre
ended not to notice thaL part of the
Apparently much relieved in her
mind, she now !.urned her attention to
"Is my dear old Johnny--you are
my .'Tohnny now, aren't you?-going
to show me his pretty plate, as he
promised to-day?2" says the artful little
mninx, looking up into my face with
those great lilue, innocent-looking eyes
of hers, and putting up her face for a
kiss, which I hadn't the faintest ob
jection to giving.
"Of course I will, my dear." I re
plied. "Come to my pantry about 11.30
and I'll show you the lot."
"Dear old thing!" exclaimed she.
"I'll come, nev'er fear."
At the time appointed she duly made
her appearance in the pantry, when
out came the plate for her edification.
TIhere was a tremendous lot, and I
showed her every bit of It.
Directly after luncheon, finding that
several, things were wanted for the
house from town, I volunteered to go
myself and see about them. Now, Mr.
Benjamin Bagshaw, who was an in
spector of police at that time (you rec
ollect he retired last year?), was a
particular friend of mine. So straight
to Ben's house I went.
"John. my boy." said Ben, when I
had told him my story, and showed
him the copy of the letter to Mary
Blake. "give us your dipper." Ben
was always a bit slangy when excited.
"I think that if we only use discretion
and hold our tongues we shall make
such a haul as will astonish 'em at
Scotland Yard. Now, look ye here,
John," says he; "in the first place all
letters to and fro between Mary Blake,
housemaid, and Joseph Maggs, bur
glar. imust be intercepted. That will
be. of course, my 'business.
'In the second place, you must go
home and makL- love to blue-eyed
Mar'y-oh: the (ear-, sweet little inno
'eut." laughed Ben-"fiercer than ever.
"Thir'dly and lastly, you must go out
every after noon and meet me regular
v.as the letet from Joe Maggs to
along the Wallington road, so that we
can keep eac-h other well posted."
What we were aniously waiting for
wa sthe letter from .Toe Maggs to
Mary Blake, saying when the plant was
:o come off, and at last, on the eighth
day. Ben, with the very broadest grin
you ever saw on a human countenance,
annouueed that it had arrived.
Joe Maggs thanked his dear Polly
for the plan of the house and the par
ticulars of the swag, at~d he and his
pal would be waiting outside the house
at 2 o'clock in the morning on the
Thursday. She was to undo the bolts
of the front door. so that they could
s!ip in. and they would then go straight
to "Old Spooney's" room, gag and hind
him if necessary, and walk off with the
plate. Finally, she was to give some
of "she knew what" to the dog.
"Ah! that bit about the dog re
minds me." said Ben; "you'd better get
the noble animal away somewhere,
John. for he night."
We .,ettled all our plans. When
everybody had gone t- bed I was to
let the inspector and two of his men
into the house, and secrete them on- the
qrawin,-room landing. My next move
was to undo the bolt, sa that any one
could walk in. Finally. I was to go
to bed and await results.
When I kissed "Blue Eyes" behind
the pantry door that evening. I felt
more like Judas than ever. The only
consolation I had was that she was as
false as I was. On Thursday night.
having seen the last of the servants
off, I went softly to ,he ball door and
let Inspector Bagshaw and his two
men in the house.
Now. though I was not jealous of
my friend. the inspector, yet I did not
see why I should not contribute' my
mite toward the capture. Therefore,
before I went to bed (-vbieh I did with
my clothes on. underneath my night
shirt) I was careless erough to leave
a decanter three parts frall of port wine
on the table. Was that port wine doc
tored. do -ou think, especially for the
burglarious party? Well. I shouldn t
wonder if it was.
At 1.30 o'clock I went to be.. -Short
ly alter 2 I heard a noise. and I set up
the most awfui snoring you ever heard.
I kept m.' cars open, though. all the
time. I heard them at the plate chest;
I had fo'olishly left 't ope:. I heard
'em shift its contents into a bag or
bags, and then-and then (and I give
you my word I almost burst out laugh
ing) I heard 'em pegging away at the
"Blimy! the cove might ha' been
genteel enough to ha' left us out a
wineglass-what do you think. Bill?"
I heard some one say, as he filled one
of the tumblers which I had purposely
left on the table so as to be handy.
I had not long to wait for what I had
"Joe," I heard the other man say.
"I feel coming over precious queer
about the chump-quite drowsy-like."
"Oh, you'll be all right directly you
gets into the fresh air," growled .Toe.
in reply. "Come. fill up once more,
and then we'll mizzle."
A loud snore was the response.
Out of the bed I jumped like a harle
quin. fished out some strong cord I had
purchased expressly for the occasion,
and bound the legs and arms of tb
insensible Joe Maggs and his friend
until they looked for all the'world like
a pair of trussed fowls. Next I lit
my lamp and every candle I could lay
my hands upon. and finally I blew my
vhistle for help.
In rushed Inspector Bagsbaw and
is two men, and stopped paralyzed
ith wonder at the sight before him
the plate all packed. the two burglars
eatly secured. Ben, for once, was
"Why, how the-what the-what's
he menning of it all?" he stammered.
ooking from me to the two men and
hen at me again.
I struck an attitude, and, pointing
o -Toe Maggs and his friend,. observed.
-uietly, after the manner of a con
urer at the conclusion of a difficult
~eat of sleight-of-hand-"That's how
ts done'"-Finch Maton. in Illustr-at
The skeleton of an average whale
eighs about twenty-five tons.
'Adolescent insanity, defined in the
ictionary of Medicine as Hebephrenia,
a form of insanity characterized by
reat mental depression, deterioration
f moral qualities and of mental power,
nd self-centred, selfish delusions. It
sually terminates in demaentia.
There is scarcely a gem known to the
lapidary which has not been found in
America. There are several gems
that are almost peculiar to this coun
try and that should be better known
for their intrinsic beauty. Among these
rre the golden ber-yl of Connecticut (it
is a brilliant yellow, full of life and
sparkle) and the curious chlorastro
lites and thomsonites of Lake Superior,
which are useful as a green and mot
tled background in designs.
A Swiss geographer. Dr. Volz, Is
about to undertake an enterprise of
exploration in a part of Africa hitherto
somewhat neglected. Dr. Volz will
leave shortly for Sierra Leone. where
e will acclimatise until the autumn.
He will then enter upon his exploring
expedition. which is to be in the hinter
land of Liberia, which is believed to
have hitherto been explored only by a
negro native of Liberia, named Ander
shiiT ani that thirty-five years ago. Dr.
Volz is an experienced explorer, how
ever. He once spent three years in
In a recently invented acetylene
blowpipe oxygen is used with acety
lene. and very high temperatures are
obtained, owing to the absence of inert
nitrogen from the flame. It is claimed
that with this blowpipe a rod of pure
iron serves as a soldering stigk, and the
beat is so great, that a little of the
carbon in the flame unites with the
iron, converting it into mild steel. Con
siderable use is predicted for the new
blowpipe in making repairs at sea. It
is believed that a ship's frame could
be soldered with its aitd.
By combining the most trustworthy
data obtainable, the French scientific
journal. La Nature. estimates the total
amount of gold that has been ex
tracted from the earth within historic
time at 17.000 tons, valued at $12,000,
000,0)00. The total amount of dia
monds taken from the earth during the
same pe'riod is estimated at about
twenty tons, valued at $700,000.000.
Basing the comparison upon weight.
the amount of iron daily produced is
nearly equal to the total qjuantity of
g31ld taken from all the earth's mines
ine they were first- onened. , :5
EXPLAINS RATE BILL
Facts About the Leading Piece
of Work By Last Congress
ITS STRONG AND WEAK POINTS
Salient reatures of the Measare
Which Became a Law After
It is something of a task to study
in detail the "rate bill" as it has
become law. It may, therefore, be
useful to our readers to make a sum
mary of the salient features that
work important changes in the inter
State commerce law. The definition
of common carriers includes for the
'first time express companies and pipe
lines for the transportation of oil, but
not seelping car companies. The
defnition of a railroad covers all the
appurtenances connected with tracks
and terminals, and the term "trans
portation" covers all the instumen
talities used in receiving. conveying
and delivering persons or property,
including -what is necessary for venti
lation, refrigeration, storage. han
dling, etc. This brings under the law
the so-called private scar companies
and elevators. The clause restricting
the use of pasres or free transporta
tion is new, but it is pretty liberal in
the exceptions made. The provisions
intended to prevent common carriers
from competing in production and
trade in commodities which they
carry is limited to railroad companies
and takes effect on the first of May,
1908. The main purpose of this,
which was one of the Senate amend
ments, is to divorce the ownership,
control and operation of coal mines
from the railroads engaged in trans
porting the product. but it applies
to all other commodities except such
as may be fqr the use of the railroads
in their business as common carriers.
Railroads are required to make on
reasonable terins such connection at
shipping points by means of spurs.sid
ings. etc., as may be "reasonably
practicable,' where it will result in
"sufficient business to justify the
construction and maintenance of the
same." Whenever they fail to do
this and complaint is made, the com
mission after investigation may re
quire it to be done, and its orders in
the premises may be enforced by the
same proceedings as its other orders.
The provisions rega'rdinz the filing
and posting of schedules of rates and
charqes are faller and more expicit
than those of the law aA- present.
Thcv must include all throvbh and
joint rates, or, where these are- not
established. all the separate rates and
charges "applied to through tra-ns
portation.'' No change can be made
with'out a notZice of thirty darys-. eT
cep't that the commission may "in its
dese-rction and for good causes
shown,." allow changes on shorter
notiie' or modify the requirements- o~f
:he~ l'aw "ini respect to publishing.
posting and fling tariffs." All cou
traces- agreements or arrangrements~
between common carriers affecting
their- rates or charges must be fi~ed
with the comnmission, and it nm-y pre.
scribe the form of all schiedules. Sim
lar rei'uiremnents arc made regarding
rpassenger fares. There is. a- strin
gent anti-rebate provision. which is
;ubstantia?y that of the Eiki-s Act.
but some'what strengthenect It
makes it unlawful for "a-ny person
or persom or' corpora tion tr-> o4der.
ran-t or give, or to solicit.. a-e epti or
reeive any rebate. concessioni or ds
rimination in respect to the- t'rans
portation of any pr'oper!ty,' whereby
ueh property shall ' hy any dvice
haterer be transport at a jess rate
than that named" in the pn~ihed
ehednfes, or whereby " any other ad
antage is given o-r disci mnationb
praetieed." ThJt penalty. is, a heav
ine~ ior each offecnse, hut an-y per..
or any officer. director or agecnt ofa
corporation who shiall be conv'itedC
of the offense is made also subject to
imprisonment. Ample provision is
made for the enforement of this
rlause. and offenders who receive re
bates or peenniary advantag.e .are
made liable -to forfeit three times the
value of tihe consideration r'eceived in
proceedings brougtht ." :niithicrity of
the Attorney General.
The section giin the co~mmission
power to preribe r'ates has been
made familiar in t hie'ong discussion
of this measure. It is onily. necessary
to recall that where upon comp!aint
ad after full hearing' the c:ommrission
finds that "'any. of the' rates or char
ges whatsoever demnaded. charged oi
collected," or' any. regu lation or prae
tice "effecting such rates or. trants
pcrtation."' ae iC*'unjust or unreanou
able, or unjust ly discri:ninatory or
unduly preferential oir prejudicial or
othersxise in violation of any'. of the
provisions of? this A ct." it may. '"de
termitne and preScr'ibe what will h1
t he just and i reas~ibon ' " ratIes 01
ebarges to be observedL as the max
mum. and wha't practice is .inst. f'air
and( reasonable to be thiereafter fol
their observance. whichi "shall take
effect within s'ih reasonable time.
not less than thirty days. andl shal~
coatijnue in force for 5Luchl period nth
exceedingz two years. as shall be pre
scribed in the order of the commus
sion, unless thle sa me shll be i'
neuded or' mod ified. or. 51t asidebx
the comm~fission or he suspondedi. or
set aside by a court of comapetenti
jurisdiction."' The power' to pe
seribe' rates extends to thr'oughi and
joint rates whefre the~ carriers have
failed to a2*re(' upon them and1( 'omf
plaint is madeui. Elabr'ate pro~visioni
is made for enforcing the orders of
the comnlission. by proscutinSfr
2failure to coraly with the reruire
ronts of the lawv and for' forfeit res
and pe:1alties. lu,'eientalv in de-ig
nat in2Z the venue' for' suits against the
e' mno'ission to '"en!join, se't aside. an
nul or' suspend any order or' recirire
mnt of the comiSSion,' jur'isdie
tion for such suits is specitieally vest
ed in the Cimanit Courts of the Unit
ed States. This is a point which pro
voked such a ponderous and prolong
ed debate in the Senate. The provis
ions of tlhe former Act for expedit
ing " the hearing and determination
of sait ii equity an so forth" is
made applicable, with some further
specifications. and here the proviso
over which so much contention was
made is interposed, "that no injunc
tion or interiocutory order or decree
suspending or restraining the enforce
ment of an order of the commission
shall be granted except on hearing
after not less than five days' notice
to the commission.'
The other important provisions are
those relating to annual reports to the
commission. the details of which are
fully prescribed, giving the commis
sion power in its descretion to pre
scribe forms for all "acounts, re
cords and memoranda to be kept by
the earriers'' subject to the Act, in
cluding those relating to the move
ment .t traflie. as well as receipts
and- expenditures, and enlarging the
cominwsion to seven members with
seven-year terms and increasing sal
aries to $10.000 a year. There is no.
doubt that this bill has greatly stren.'
gthened and improved the inter-State
commerce law. How this provision
giving the commision power to pre
scribe rates will 'work can only be
determined by experience. Probably
the only effect it will have will be to
put the carriers on their guard and
induce them to take pains with their
schedules to avoid conflict with the
authority of the commission. The
commission may also be cautions
about conflict over rates, but if there
should be serious conflict the cum
bersome system would probaby break
down by its own weight.
THE LABOR WORLD.
The teamsters of Miami, Fla., have
secured the recognition of their
The boilermakers of Mattoon, Ill.,
have' secered increased wages and
Butchers of Evansville, Ind., have
received an increase of ten to fifteen
per cent. in wages.
Engineers have formed new unions
In Atlantic City, N. J.: Jefferson City,
Mo., and Milwaukee, Wis. .
Thousands of girl workers in Chi
cago bookbinderies may strike on ac
count of a cut in wages.
All kinds of new local unions are
being formed. A baseball stitchers'
union was re-ently formed in Phila
Ithaca (N. Y.) sitriking carpenters
started a full:- equipped planing mill,
and are now competing with their
Japanase barbers fn California are
working for about $5 per week, and
are actually driving the white bar
bers out of business.
Street railway employes of Detroit
are agitating for an increase of scale
from twenty-three arnd oine-half to
twenty-seven cents an hour.
The Building Trades Council of
San Francisco has distributed .~0
complete sets of tools to mechanics
who 'ost theirs in the recent earth
quake and fire.
One hundred Chinese recentlyv ar
rived at Gainesboro, Fla.,. to tak-e the
lace of' the striking men in the tur
pentine fields. They are to receive
eighty cents a day, while the strikers
ask for $1.50 and $2.
A significant speech has been de
livered by Samuel Gompers,. Presi
dent of the American Federation of
Labor,. in which the labor leader
again serves notice of the active en
try of organized labor into politics.
A record wheat -^rop is predicted.
One pe'rson in 400 is insane in
Some Americans are to open a big
epartment store in London.
New York has . :cided to erect a
monument to- Ce'l Schurz.
Heavy rain spoiled King Edward''s
birthday celebration; London rel
ays were flooded.
The Wels-,. Fargo & Co. Express
Company has been put on a ten per
ent. dividend basis.
Six hundred men in Indian Terri
tory hanged and bnrned a negro who
had assaulted a girl of fifteen.
A Japanese expert said that most
f the earthquake losses in San Fran
cisco were caused by faulty construc
A. B. Hepburn, President of the
Chase National Bank. estimated that
Americans spent $4 00,000,000 abroad
Tt is reported that the suits which
the Administration expects to bring
against the Standard Oil may result
in $2,000,000 wt th cf fines.
American delegates to the Interna
tional Wireless Congress will propose
a plan to punish companies for re
fusing to communicate with other
Two whipthong makers who went
into bankruptcy recently in South
wark, England, declared that they
had been ruined b~y motors. and es
pecially by motor omnibuses.
An ape in the Bronx 7.oological
Park, New York City. seized a lighted
cigar thrown into his ca.;e and set
fire to a bunch of hay, almost caus
ing a panic among the spectators.
Morrison G. Swift was fined $10
for posting placards denouncing
"noney kings" on the doors of the
oflices of J. P. Nlorgan & Co. and the
Standard Oil Company, in New York
A NOVEL PUNISH-MENT.
Corporal punishment is said to be
the resource of a lazy and uninven
tive mind. A Washington womani
does not believe in it. She makes theC
punishment fit the crime, according tc
Harpers Weekly. On one occasion
one of her boys had surreptitiously
ap)ropriated an orange belonlging to
his younger brother. The nmisdemeZan
or w-as discovered before the culprit
had disposed of his spoli: so the two
younsters we're summoned to the
"Jame~s." was the stern command~
of the mother. *take this seat, and
vo. Thomas. that one. Now. Thom
as. give James the orange you have
toen from hin."
When the lads had dlone as they
were ordered. the mother added:
"Jamies, i want you to take as long
as p)osible to eat that orange. You,
Thomas. are to sit there and watch
him eat it. U.nder no circumstanlceS
ar yon to leave the room.
TOPICS OF INTEREST TO THE PLAN
Facts About Plant Food.
Manufacturers of fertilizers make a
great mystery of the art of mixing the
various ingredients that go to fill up
their 200-pound sacks, writes E. 31
Landsberg in the New York Evening
Post. They tell the farmer that it Is
necessary to have skilled labor and
high-priced machinery to effect a per
feet mixture, but a few experiments
will soon convince any farmer that he
can easily equal the best efforts of the
factories and save a substantial sum
on each ton. The process is very sim
ple. The farmer empties on the floor
of the barn the: sacks of die various
materials he is about to use, spreads
them in alternate layers in a pile, shov
els the whole over and under thorough
ly for -fifteen minutes. throws the re
sult through a screen,. sacks it up
again, and he is ready to apply it to I
Screens are easily made and are ex
tremely useful; they -educe the chem
Icals, etc., to a perfect form for drill
ing, besides insuring a thorough mix
ture. A strip of heavy wire cloth. four
holes to the inch, is nalled to half-Inch
boards, making a sieve three feet wide
by five feet long.
Say a farmer wants to apply to eace
acre of cotton 500 pounds of 8-3-4
goods. and instead of paying from $2
to $28 to a dealer, he wants to mix i1
himself. He pours on the barg floor it
front of the sieve a sack of sixteen per
cent. acid phosphate. two sacks of cot
tonseed meal and half a sack of kainit.
Acid phosphate will cost him about
$15 a ton; meal he will probably have
on his farm, but we must reckon It ai
$25 per ton; kainit will cost $12.50 a
ton. Sb a ton of fertilizer made ac
cording to this, a common formula in
the cotton regions, will cost him $18.50,
a saving of from $7 to $10 over the
manufactured article; furthermore, he
has absolute assurance of the contents
of his own goods, something he can
never know with the ready-made fer
tilizers, unless he goes to the expense
of having them analyzed.
Most fertilizers and most soils need a
higher percentage of potash thau the
general run of "goods" furnish. But
as soon as the farmer tries to buy any
tiing other than the standard analysis
he must pay such high prices that he
usually drops the idea. By mixing at
home he can make any formula he
thiuks necessary, with only a slight in
crease in cost.
Suppose the tobacco farmer wants an
-4-7 goods (eight per cent. phosphorie
acid, four per cent. nitrogen and seven
per cent. potash).
Materials needed are: One thousand
pounds sixteen per cent. acid phos
phate: 300 pounds dried blood: 280
pounds sulphate of potash; 420 pounds
gypsum er plain dirt.
The blood runs about fourteen per
ent-. ammonia, and costs $50 per ton,
Sulphate of potash runs fifty per cent.
pure potash and costs about $00 per
ton. Thie farmer must pay the dealer
from $30 to $35 per ton for 8-4-7 goods:
he can mix them himself for $23 to $25
per torn, saving from $10 to $12 per ton
on their cost.
These materials can probably be
bought enough cheaper than the com
merciaI fertilizers to allow the farmer
$ or $10 for his work.
Clover. veteh, soy beans, eowpeas
and similar crops will furnish most of
the nitrogen a crop needs; ground bone
or acid phosphate is a cheap source of
phosphoric acid. But. potash can - be
restored to the soil only by the use of
kainit or sulphate or muriate of potash.
t is usually advisable to supply the
growing crop with twice as much pot
ash as ammonia. and a slightly larger
quantity of phosphorie seid. It need
hardly be pointed out that since the
manufacturers have to buy all their
potash in Germany, they do their best
to make the farmer believe he needs
but little of it on his lands.,.
On stiff clay soils. when growing
wheat or cotton, kainit prevents rust,
also damage by frost and drought. To
baco, potatoes, strawberries and pea
nuts need a heavy percentage ef pot
Corn Meal vs. Corn and Oat Meal.
0. G. B., Burk, Va.. writes: I wish
some information about the meal made
by grinding in corn with the cob. is
there any value in it for feeding either
cattle or horss
WVe have fed cor-n and cob meal to
several classes of stock with good sat
isfaction during recent years. If corn
is cheap, say less than forty cents a
bushel, it will hardly pay to grind It,
but when it gets over fifty cents a
bushel, it seems to us that grinding the
corn with the cob is profitable, partic
ularly as a miachine canr be purchased
that will do this wvork fairiy well at a
cost of about $40. Corn and cob meal
in our experience gives the best result
when finely ground. This ,ecessitates
very often passing it through the ma
chine twice arnd setting tim burrs up
closely the seccnd time. Corn arnd cob
meal has given us about the same
value. pound per pound. as pur-e corn
Czar Nicholas administered a se
vere reprimand to the commander of
the famous Preobrajensky regiment,
whichi adopted resolutions indorsing
all tihe acts of Parliament and declar
ing ibat the men would no longet
pertifor police duty. tiring on their
fathers arnd brothers.
Arn attempt to prov-oke a massacre
f Jews at I'sov-ky by desecratinga
an ikon failed.
Sei:t who: is har.:ed with man
slauthter ifl. causin~g the. dleathI Ot
Major J1. N. Wh~yte. vleaded nrot gnil
T1he Fren'.ch Minstr of JutsticC
has reduced the te'rmr of inmp-isonIfeat
imosed( upon Ellin F. Shrepard
gra1dson oft he Ia:e W. }1. ade
bilt. for runnim:iire an iln
girl, from thre'e membi s toni~ek
The conferees oni tire Railroad Ratt
bill mwet. but rei: her reaching a lina
rARM V /ITES.
ER, STOCKMAN AND TRUCK GROWER.
meal. Ihe cobs have little if any nutri
tive value, it is true, but c6rn meal is a
heavy, concentrated food, and when
fed in large quantities it is often not
thoroughly digested and assimilated by
live stock. The benefit from grinding
the cobs with the meal is thought to
be due to the lightening of the meal
somewhat, enabling it to be completely
digested and resorbed.
Our experience briefly summed up is
about as follows: A ,bushel of corn
and cobs weighs about seventy pounds;
a bushel of corn fifty-six pounds. By
grinding the corn and cob, therefore,
we have added practically one-fifth to -
the Teeding value of a bushel of corn
meal. This is an item to be carefully
considered in all sections of the coun
try where corn is high priced.Xnox
ville Journal ind Tribune.
The American Indian gave to the
world a dish composed of green corn
and -beans variously compounded, and
its name was,.and is, succotash. More
recently our agricultural andlive stock
experimenters have utilized this name
for mixed feeds for live stock, and fed
to them green. Corn, pease, oats and
barley were sown together with satis
factory results in the way of food, but
produced no second crop after the first
one was cut off. This was in some ex
periments made at the Agricultural
Experiment Station. Later on, corn,
pease, oats, rape and millet were
planted together and a successful sec
ond crop was got of rape and millet,
provided the first crop was cut with a
scythe and not grazed off. These ex
periments have been. carried . on in
Michigan owing to the great necessity
there for green crops for soiling dairy
cows. With us in Louisiana a supple
mentary supply of forage Is very fre
quently needed before the new hay
crop comes in in the regular way, and
it might be that some of our experi
menters, or some of our experiment
stations, could lay the plans for us by
means of which we can successfully
produce green soiling crops at the ear
liest possible date-in the season. It
has been usual in Louisiana to sow
corn broadcast, or drilled in close rows.
for such purposes, but so far as we
know, we have not yet gone on to the
point of succotash, which we ought to
avail of if it can be made as successful
here as it seems to have beer made at
the Michigan station. - Louisiana
When to Sow Cowpeas.
Peas should not be sown until the
ground is warm. If sown earlier the
seed may germinate, but if cold -weath
er follows the growth may be perma
mently stunted. The best* fertilizer to
use on peas is 100 to 150 pounds of
high grade .acid phosphate, Or basic
slag, with twenty-five to fifty pounds of
muriate of potash. An application of
300 to 500 pounds of agricultural-lime
will sometimes prove helpful. The
principal objection to the use of this
kind of lime is oftenTh
manufacturers ask an exorbitant
for it,. but it is in- a convenient form
to apply. Nitrogen; as a rule, is not
necessary for the pea crop as the pe'as
generally .produce an abundance of
nodules, enabling the plant to feed
freely on the nitrogen contained In the
'atmosphere. We generally prefer to
sow the peas in drills, say twenty-four
inebes apart. An ordinary grain drill
may be used, stopping up two out of
every three tubes. Cultivate lightly
with a weeder or any surface working
implement until the vines begin to
spread. Peas sown in drIlls do not
tangle so badly and stand up better;
hence they can be cut for bay to
better advantage.-Professor Soule.
Black Pepper For Poultry.
There is as mueh difference in the
effect that black and red pepper has
on chickens, as there Is almost between
wheat and corn. Red pepper acts as a
hurtful stimulant, black pepper as a
wholesome corrective. Chickens and
turkeys thsat are fed black pepper al
ways thrive. In the writer's experi
enee, whenever I have a chick that
seems out cf sorts, the very first thing
I do is to give a grain' of black pepper.
Of course, the chick must have grit
that is gocd and sharp to digest it
well, but sharp grit must always be
at hand, If birds would in any measure
thrive-Poultry Life In America.
Never Overdo the Thing.
The experienced strawberry growers
of the county will plant the s. me acre
age this year as they did last. notwith
standing the fact that the season just
past has been one of the most success
ful in the history of the county. . The
growers who have planted strawber
ries for years. plant the same number
of acres each season. They never over-,
do the thing on the strength of a very
flattering season. We trust that our
farmers will give strawberry growing
a trial and will find it profitable enough
to continue.-Lake Butler (Fla3 Star.
The American Farmn Products
Company has been incorporated, with
$2.000,000. to control but ter, spring
chickens and eggs.
It is estimated that the peach crop
on the Peninsula will be i~he largest in
Secretary Ch~arles J. Bonaparte was
Ielected president of thte Alumni As- j
sociation of Harvard University.
Mirs. James Tanner. wife of the
Commander-in-Chief of the Grand
Army of the Republic. was killed at
H !elena in an automobile accident.
Robert (G. Proetor. Senator Lodge 's
former seeretary, was found guiltyv by
a jury of emb~ezzling money received
as a campaign fund contribution.
The attorneys for the& convicted ice
d1ealers in Toledo. Ohio. denounced
tibe Court us prejudiced and were in
turn s.ce by the judge.
The Pubile Ownership Commission
was dine by the Lord Mayor of.
i T ndan -