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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, July 18, 1906, Image 6

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218612/1906-07-18/ed-1/seq-6/

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IS TilS THE
YOUNG HAYS DAY?
tHS is the day !f th- youi: mnli
For years pas this ttatemient
has been dinned in our ears. un
til most of us have accepted it
1ts a fact. Venture a feeble protest.
a score of examples are hurled at your
devoted head. Kipling. Marconi. the
Kaise. eve Winton hurci ae
quoted. Authors, artists. actors. in
ventors soldiers. statesieii of under
forty are pointed out as hbrilliant ex
ampLes of the great truth that tl-e
world to-day is run by young mWen.
Youi are told that so great is the rush
:ind pressure of modern life that a imian
who has entered the arena in early
youth must be old at fifty.
-Whose brain is it that has humbled
the might of tussia and won an em
pire for the island kingdom of the
enast" asks T. C. Bridges. The whole
sclene (f this aiazing v., war was
hatched in the brain of Marshal
Oyamia. and it would be rash to say
that there isa mn:i alive of under
sixty who could carry in his head thte
threads of so nany and so compicamted
schemes as does this white-haired,
silent Japanese.
Who is the greatest seientist alive?
I suppose that there is no one who
would sugge-4 any other answer to
this question than the one name, Edi
son. He is fifty-eight and patents on
an average thirty new inventions a
year. Does any one imagine that his
activity will cease in t .o years' time?
On the other side of the Atlantic by
far the greatest star in the scientific
horizon is Lord Kelvin, eighty-one this
year. The best and greatest work of
his life has been done within the last
twenty years. Three at least of his
greatest inventions in the way of elec
trical measuring machines have been
achieved since he passed the sixty post.
Only . couple of years ago he was
conducting a series of most delicate
and interesting experime: s in connec
tion with the rotation of the earth.
i4ustrating the:n befora -i.s pupils with
a boy's spinning top. Not long ago he
was lecturin'z on th? t-nili- strength
of various metals. To illustrate his
figures he sluug a lif'y-six pound
cannon ball from the roof by a thin
steel wire.
"Now." said he, "o Prove tmant my
ca'Culations are accuraie I will stnd
beneath tha: ball for tLe rest of the
lia~r." Au ' he die. --- --
Turn to the world f business and
see -.ho holds premier plice. Undoubt
edly the gre.Ltest finartler alive is
Pierpont Morgan. He h:s practical con
trol over properties capitalized at more
than $6.0090000.000. an amount far
greater than the combined annual rev
enue of the forty-three principal na
tions in the world. Six feet high,
weighing two hundred and thirty
,pounds. he is strai ht, strong and
-powerful, and looks ten years younger
.Than his sixty-eight years. To see him
jump out of a cab, run into his office,
.devour the contents of a lengthy docu
ment in fifteen seconcs. ')y no stretch
of imagination you could consider the
amazing man as beyord -work.
SAndrew Catrnegie aga'n. The some
1tge as Morgan and every bit :ts vigor
mus even though he has retired from
-aetive business. Just begun to enjoy
-Life, so lhe says. He golfs, motors.
kides and attends to more business in
his private nouse than most :nen do
in their offices. Only the othe'- day he~
was delivering a lecture on the "Mys
teries of Steel" at a meeting of the
[rg'i and Steel Institutio.
eb cuil multiply such instances by
the score. Russell Sage at eighty-nine
is active as ev-er in the pursuit of mill
Lons. John D. Rockfeller. in spite of
bad health, manages the largest priv
;ate fortune and public company at
-sixty-six. H. ML Flagler. of Standard
Dil and Florida hotel fame. is seventy
five. Charles T. Yerkes again was the
same age as Mor-gan and Carnegie. He
was fully sixty when he went ov-er to
England arid began to confer upon
benighted London the inestimable
benefit of electric traction on the sul
phurous underground. and incidentally
to make a brand uew and enormous
fortune for himself. ~ '
Lord Roberts was sixty-eight years
old when he took command of the
British forces in South Africa and
began those operations which brought
the war to a successful conclusion.
How about the English .Jacky Fisher?
Does any one feel inclined to call that
apostle of efficiency too old and to
recommend him to retire to private life
and to make way for younger men?
Pass to the stage. bir Wyndham had
recently to undergo a slight operation.
'"Go ahead," he said. "I know all about
it. I was a doctor myself once." So
be was. More than forty years ago
be acted as army surgeon during the
great civil war-. Yet, in spite of his
more tha'n sixty years. could anyone
seeirg hinm either on or off th'e stagte
call him old? It would he impossible.
Trhe stage is the most tr-ying of all
the professions. and is said to age
its votaries the most rapidly. yet not
only Wyndham but man'- other veter
aus atre proof of players over sixty
who can hold their Cwn with any of
th.e younger gener-ation.
Turn to the knights of the petn.
Here, above all othe; professionis. the
genius of youth is supposed to shine
pre-emninent. The common idea is that
an author is written out at thir-ty. May
I suggest to such as share this belief
a per-ural of the recent works of Count
Tro:stoy. w ho has passed not only
t'ur-ce score but four score year-s. Not
only is !e the greatest writer and
leader of thought in his own country,
hut his 'influence is so great that thle
omnipotent borea neracy is :.c-iually
afraid of hitu.
Cir i-k Rtusseli. a.;o - . has passed his
sixtieth birthday, yet. despite physical
it-eh'.is men;:'ivy as -eti'e eer
o: seca anad -sky and 'norm. The grecat
s?'. writer- wvas at sehcoi i1 France wvith
three of Chlesi Dickenls' son1s.
ImJks for- lT . IVkey lroike an
(:::er giants of the & md:-' cf the ni:e
-t cenury lHe issi!to the fore.
The s-mallest vibration of sound c:
be distinguished better with one ec
than %yith both.
Only one person in fiftten has pe
feet eyes, the largest percentage of d
fects prevailing among fair-haire
people.
The primary cause of sour milk
the growth of certain bacteria that al
always very numerous in the air an
cannet be kept out of the milk. Thes
are most abundant during damp, heav
weather, which usu:;lly accompani<
thunder storms, as such we:nther
particularly favorable to their develo:
ment. Hence, the popular notion tht
thundcr storms make milk sour.
A testing apparatus for varnis
supplying a needed standard, has bee
brought out in Scotland by Profess<
Baily and Dr. Laurie. It includes
blunt steel point pressed down by
spiral spring, and this point is draw
over a dry coat of the varnish on glas
the pressure being increased unt
the varnish is scratched. The pre-su
being known, a definite measure <
the .oughness and hardness of the va
nish is made available.
Liquid air blasting cartridges, as di
scribed by Y. Jacquier. are made b
packing powdered charcoal in a cas
of stout paper, and covering this wit
an asbestos wad through which
paper tube passes to the bottcm <
the cartridge. When ready to us
liquid air is poured into the tube: th
eartridge being fired by a fulminat
cap in the usual way. The firing shoul
follow the filling within ten minute:
as the liquid air gradually evaporateE
Mr. W. E. Searritt, formerly pres
dent of the Automobile Club of Amet
ica, says, in Cassier's Magazine. tha
he exDects in the near future to se
very fair runabouts sold for S300, an
touring cars of a similar grade fo
$500. He also predicts that in tim
prices will be still lower, so low, ir
deed. that the average city workma
will be able to own his own automobil<
as he now owns his bicycle, so the
he can keep his family in the country
and ride to and from his work.
Why the teeth of some people deca;
early while those of others continu
sound throughout a long life is a prot
lem that appears to have been only im
perfectly salved. A European investi
ator, Dr. C. Risa. has lately analyze(
the saliva of 210 children. averag:
thirteen years of age. and has con
firmed the idea that there is a rela
tion between the alkalinity of the sal
va and dental caries. A bighly aika
ine saliva insures good teeth. He ha
ade many experiments to determin'
how an acid or slightly alkaline sally:
ay be made decidedly alkaline. an<
as proven that a diet containing muel
~ime has a marked influence, and doe:
nuch to keep the teeth in perfect con
ition.
Cheap oxygen is the one importan
roduct thus far obtained from liquit
ir, for which such extravagant prophe
ies have been made. As the nitrogel
nd oxygen of the liquid air return t<
he gaseous state at different temper
tures, it has proven to be possible t<
eparate them by fractional distilla
ion, and as the evaporation of thi
ases cools the air entering to be com
ressed in the apparatus. the proces:
s very economical. An idea of ti!
fficiency has lately been given by M
eorges Claude. His plant produces
ne thousand cubic metres of oxygen
ith a purity of ninety-six to uinety
ight per cent. in twenty-four hours
nd the cost in France is only one
wentieth of that of oxygen from th<
lectrolytic decomposition of water.
THE COLD UPPER AIR.
Surprising Streaks of Warmth Encount.
ered Sometime.
Generally speakigg, the temperaturi
f the air falls with ascent-about ont
egree for every three hundred feet
he change io pretty regular, too. There
are exceptions to the rule, though. 2'
eport has just appeared in print abou
ome experiments made in Italy with
unmanned" balloons. They were sen
p near Venice. One important inver
sion of temperature amounting to tel
egrees Fahrenheit, was experience<
etween 10,000 and 10,385 metres, 01
August 4. last year, notwithstandini
the fact that a few hours previously:
very violent thunder storm occurre'
t the station. The second ascent wa
:ade on August 30, at the time of th<
solar eclipse; the inversion of tempera
ture was not so marked as in the pre
vious case, but amounted to five de
rees between the heights of 18,00
etres and 20,000 ~isetres. The exac
altitude of the inversion during thi
sent is somewhat uncertain, as th
barometric trace was partially oblitel
ated by the peasauts who picked u:
the records. Thunderstorms were als
p~revalent about twelve hours prior t
the time of this ascent. 'The discox
is kn'own to be one of the most intel
osting resultsa connected with the recen
explorations of the upper air.
The Hen and Schoolma'ams.
t'ontinuing his talks in "Natur
study," at the Teachiers' Institute o
Pottsown. Pa.. Dr. Bigelow said tha
the barnyard hen is the iirst bird o
the year to lay an egg. and that it I
this that makes her the most lovabl
American bird. "The greatest need o
the public schiol teachers." lie sai
"is a fatter pocket-book." and he woul,
'e'omend~it -a them as r;pleasant ou1
of-door diversion and wvealth-promnote
he hney bce business. He instance,
ses ot the grec:t profit and pleasur
rie fromit. he having harvestel
wenty-nine tous of happiness from hi
thirty colonies of bees last year.
Wiil of Three Words.
"All to mother.-C. T."
*bu a@.00 to his~ wife, whom h
always "' adrse and spoke of a
In prono' ing' th' wvill valid, th
The Girl and the Curl.
Shie cipped a curl where the ten(ris cling
r- And Ihe wrote, the merry ef:
"Oh, the dearest gifts are thiose that bring
Just a little of yourseli."
-ieve'and Plain Dealer.
More Imiportant.
s Stella-"They are always trying to
e Invent a bottle that cannot lie refilled."
1 Bella--They ought to invent a ring
e that cannot be regiven."-Ne.u;. Xork
y Sun.
Satisfactory All Arouind.
"The Bilkins marriage has turned
out well."
"Sure! Neither one is more disap
pointed than the other."-Amcrigan
Spectator.
Discovered at Last. to
r Senior Partner--There's, one thingt
be said in favor of classical music."
a Junior Partner-"What is that?"
Senior Partner-"The office boy en't
whistle it."-Chicago News.
ef Let Him Wait.
"No," said the optimist, "I never take
my troubles to bed with me."
"It's all right to say tuat now." re
pliea the pessimist, "but wait till you
have a few ingrowing nails."-Chicago
Record-Herald.
His Favorite Play.
"What is your favorite play?" asked
f the girl who quotes Shakespeare.
"Well," answered the youth with
e long hair, "I believe I like to see a
man steal second as well as anything."
-Washington Star.
The One Thing.
How differently things may be
viewed! From a monetary standpoint
it takes ten mills to make one cent,
t while from a pugilistic view it takes
e hundreds of pounds to make one mill.
I -Baltimore American.
Economy.
"Why did Titewodd choose to be
t married by a justice instead of a
preacher?"
"He said that church weddings took
too long, and he had hired the carriage
by the hour."-Cleveland Leader.
Profesieonal Advice.
"He said I did not have sense enough
to come in out of the rain."
"Well?"
"Well, you're my la wyer. aren't you?
What do you advise me t' do?"
"Buy an umbrella."-Houston Post.
Ihe Fr'en dly Tonmeau.
Redd--What is the tonneau on an
automobile*"
Greene-"Oh, that is the part of the
car a pedestrian lands in when you
throw him up in the air instead of
going over him."-Yonkers Statesman.
Only One song.
Yeast-"Were. you up to the oyster
supper up at the church last night?"
Crimnsonbeak-"Yes; it was a very
enjoyable atl'air."
"Yon're joking."
"No, I'm not. Every one that found
an oyster had to sing a song."
'"Must have got tiresome."
"Not at all. We only had one song
the whole evening"-Yonkers Staites
man..
A Drawback.
The Hippo-"Tes. I i..ught to wear
glasses, too, but somehcw I can't get
them to stay on my nose."
When Society Plays Ball.
"Rlead about the society ball game
n Washigton the other day'-"
"p.What about it?"
"Aw'fly exciting. Man batted a ball
into the grand stand where the Marine
Baud was playing."
"Yes."
"BalI~bit the bass drum and bounded
off, and.'the catcher caught it. The um
-pire called the batter out."
"Elh! How could he':"
"Said he was eaught oil the bass:"
Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Tragic.
After a long. patient search the comn
edian boarder had discover'ed a straw
berry in the shortcake.
"T1here's sand on it." lie growled. "I
wish the landlady would wash the ber
:ies when she buys them."
"Do you think it would be fatal to
yat such a berr'y?" asked the sweet
singer with a broad smile.
"Sare; I'd bite th~e dust."
Alid the landlady looked cbider than
the .'ittle brick of ice cream in the ceni
tre of the table,---Colhimbus Dispatch.
t Wonderful.
The modern Sherlock had been hast
ily summoned to discover why so little
work was done in the big office while
the boss was out.
--"I observe." said Sheroek, looking
around the room, "that Mr. Bones,
fyour tall bookkeeper. has been kissing
your pretty stenographer du:ing your
absence."
r"How in the world (did you find that
>ut?" gasped the boss.
1 "Why, she has a lot of ink on her
-nose. Hie forgot to remove the pen
from behind his ear."-Chicago News.
His Lose Growing Cold.
"What's the matter. dear?" her
mother asked, seeing the trouble in
the young wife's face.
She had just received a telegram and
sat with the yellow piaper crumlpled in
her lap.
"It's from Douglas," she replied.
"Has anything happenedi to him? I
hopel) he hasn't been in a railroad acci
dent."
"No. Hie says he' we!: and will be
home o-morow. ut h one ut
~X ? IT E'"'?Y
rr
A Pressint Question.
HERE is prevalent in the minds
of thoughtful men such unankim
ity of sentiment and COicII5sionI
as to the necessity for good
roads. and the fact is so well settled
that there can be no systematic con
struction of roads without government
co-operation. that it is hard to see
how it can be much longer delayed.
While agitation for good wagon ways
is as old as the first settlement in our
system of civilization. it has been until
within the past few years subordinated
to the wonderful extension of railroad
lines. In the earlier days of the re
public the duty and obligation of the
government to aid in the construction
of wagon roads in the States was not
seriously denied. The necessity for
government aid is admitted almost
everywhere. only four or five of the
wealthiest States pointing the excep
tion, and these without exception advo
cate government co-operation. Presi
dent Roosevelt not long ago, speaking
on the subject, declared good roads the
main hope of retaining the energies of
our young people in the country. and
thus stop the flow from country to
city. wiherevery avenue of business
is already over-crowded. Other emi
nent men contend for good roads on
the ground that the farmer. the first
and most important producer of wealth.
ought to be placed in position to hold
is crop and market it at the most fav
rable opportunity, whereas under bad
roads he is virtually under compulsion
to sell it as soon as it is matured.
because the roads may become impass
able at any time during the. fall, winter
r spring. The intelligent people of
town and city plead for good roads be
cause the food they consume must
come from the farm and be paid for
according as it is able to reach the
market. The farmer. the mainstay and
dependence of the government in every
emergency, feels that his substance is
annually swallowed up in..the unhappy
onditions that deny him reasonable
market communication at his best
time to sell. He is discontented at
his lot when remembering that he pays
sixty per cent. of all the taxes. and yet
receives no direct consideration at the
hands of gover'nment, while unnum
bered millions have been given from
the National treasury to better condi
tions everywhere except upon the farm.
The man who digs -out of the soil
that which sustains all progress and
prosperity knows that while govern.
ment aid has. been Ilvished upoo
cean-going commerce, not one dollar,
since the constric-tion of the old Cum
erand road, has been expended by
the United States to facilitate com
erce between the farm and the mar
et. It is no wonder,. in view of all
this, that the agricultural classes look
pon the National Aid to Good Road!
ovement as promising- their long-de
fer-ed material salvation. The qunes
on of National aid to, good roads is
bsolutely above and beyond the realm
f party politics- Itt is advocated b3
strong men of every political faith,
and no man desiring the best in the
aterial development and continuina
great ness of the- country will seek tc
Inject into it any element of party
rejudice. To. do. so, would be to
etract from a proposition at once seri
ously important to the commercial, in
ustrial and social advanicement of all
le people in every part of the land,
mid would be a saerilege to be des
pised. The Good Rod qiuestionl is I
ressing question whieb. soon or late..
will have to, be recognized by Nationad
id in co-operation with the States.
Dust-Laying Material.
A new dust-pre-venting and dust-iay
ing material for use on roads and
rrets was tried in Scotland last year,
with results said to be promising.. It
onsists of "an aqueous emulsion of
ool-washing suds or wool-fat or wool
wax. with or wvithiout the addition
htereto of a disinfecting oil," and may
applied to country roads, streets and
ailway beds by spraying. It is de
~eribed as' a by-product, that is. after
:ecovering the major part of the grease
from wool washing wastes the remain
ing wool grease. together with potash
nd soap fats, are saved for subsequent
itution with water and used for street
r road sprinkling. It is said that the
emulsion does not clog theC spraying ap
paratus and that its h~ygroscopie q1uall
les keep downt dust for a long time.
EngineerIng News.
Malt Route DIaeorttinued.'l
Une r-ural delivery route within a
few mniles~ of Kansas City, Mo., has
been discontinued andl others may be
oetaue of the miserable condition of
h Missouri roads. Altho~ugh the
outy spends about :Rl30.000 a year on
naaahm rroads-this mioney tDemn de
ived from dramlrshop) licenses. nnid most
f it collected in K~ansas C'ity-comar
tzivey little attention is given to theO
lirt road's. and it is hecause of this that
' . rural cervic has been1 don ~atinue.d.
Djcuit Catse for Bavaria~n Jul're
Tlhe PBavarian c~outsi have haid a comt
licated (questionf of law to decide. A.
:at. chased by a dog. ran into a stable
where a cow was being milked. The
~at jumped on the back of the (cow.
vihe kicked the milkmaid off her
Whom should the maid snl2 for damni
ies--the owner of the dog. the owvner
3fthe cat, or te owuer of the cow?
The ourts have derided that they are
1 three equally responsihl.. and each
will have to pay one-third of the dam
is Mood.
A member of the faculity of tire JVnI
-ersity of Wisconsin tells of some
nousing replies made by a pupil under
oin an examination1 in English. The
adiat.e had been instruemed to write
out exa mples of the indicative. the subt
u l~toy m'ods. iis effort resailed as
ol',was:ea
.I SOSSOSSSOCSSS .S@
Keep Oilcloth Bright.
Never use soap in the water when
cleanm:~ olleloth. It fades the colors
and greaks up the paint. Ammonia
liso is to be avoided, because it gives
the eloth a dull, dead look. If a brush
is "sed, it should be a soft one, but it
is better hot to use any, except in
vases where the oilcloth has been long
neglected or ;ooriy washed for some
time previously.
Take a clean fiannel cloth and apply,
clean. warm water. which is fin to
be removed by soaking it up intl the
washing cloth again after it has been
wrung og. The oilcloth is then wiped
dry with another piece of clean flannel
or coarse crash.
Of course, an oileloth. with frequent,
washings, will look old, and the house
keeper should be cautious about was'h
in;g when dusting will answer just as
Artistic Scrap Basket.
The pretty brass and copper basins
which Qur students bring home from
abroad and which are frequently to be
picked up in the foreign quarters of
large cities, make exce'lent receptacles
for scraps.
The scrap box or basket as sold in
shops and fancy goods departments is
seldom in accord with the other fur
nishings of a modern library or living
hall. Yet as something of the kind is
really necessary in a room much used,
it is well to visit a Japanese -dealer
and see what can be found.
Indian baskets or any sturdy weave
of grass and twigs good in shape and
color make another hint, and jars of
green pottery with wide o4n mouths
decorated or undecorated are worth
thinking about.
Domestic Leaks.
Rice and sugar left in paper bags.
that burst and scatter their contents.
Left over vegetables, fish and cooked
eggs thrown into the garbage.
Bread pan left with dough sticking
to it.
Fat put into earthen dishes to grow
rancid.
The mustard cruet left open to lose
its strength.
Lemons left to dry.
Egg shells thrown away, instead of
being washed and used to settle the
coffee.
Cheese allowed to mold.
Kerosene can left open to evaporate.
Clothespins dropped and never picked
up.
Boiler put away to rust.
Table linen put into the wash- with
out first removing stains and darning
if necessary, and so on ad infinitum.
How to, Clean straw Hats.
Almost any old hat, unless it is too
disreputable in appearance, can .be re
furbished and made to do extra duty
between seasons or on rainy days, thus
saving the new one, besides occasion
ally affording a change in headgear. y
Black straw hats, it is well known..
can be blackened and much improved
in appearance either with shoe black
ing or with the blacking that is now
made especially for hats,. and that may
be obtained at most oZ the department
stores.
A solution of oxalie acid applied with
a stiff brush and a fresh ribbon or a
bunch- of ficwers will do wonders for
the old white straw hat.
For a black hat of fancy braid, in*.o
which, the dust seems to be hopelessly
;groumd,. try the following method of
(elenning- First pin it out fiat on a
bgard.. using pins enough to hold it '
steady.. Brush it thoroughly, then with
a nail brush rub) on a solution of aleo
hol. water and a little ammonia, and
allow it to dry before taking it off the
board. If. after this treatment it is
not a good color, put on a coatof iat
blacking..
Steamed Chicken-Clean, stuff and
truss a plump chicken as for roasting.
Steam until perfectly tender at the
le:: and hip joints: this wil. take nearly
thirty mninutes to the pound. Serve,
with a bread or amn egg sauce.
Cheese Fritters-M1ix together four
tablespoonfuls of grated cheese, three
tablespoonfuls of dry bread crumbs,
one-fourth teaspoonful paprika, and
lastly four eggs which have been
lightly beaten without separating. Fry
in hot fat to a delicente brown.*
Strawberry Farina-Cream together
t-ie yolks or four eggs and one-haif
(lupful of sugar. ard. te'aspoonful of
ba king powder an~d a teaspooniful of
un~xila. LDe:t th whites and add to
ti:-a mi;ttre, sit:rnating Withx one-hallih
enau of fa rin. Co(ver with whlipped
Icreattm and sweetenmed strawberries.
Peu~nut (CageS-C:ut stale breadz into
thin slices and spreiad thicmkly with
bmter. then place~ into the oven to
brown. Make a paste of finely chopped
peanu111ts mixedl with miayonna ise and
spreald over' the slices. Rtub the yolk
of a hard, boiled egg through a sieve
overt each, and serve on crisp, curly let
tuce leaves.
Steamed Pudding-One cupful of
chopptied suet, one cupful of molasses,
one~ enpful and a half of tine bread
crumbls, two seanit cuipfus of flour, one
1eatspoonful of salt. oneiL cujpul of anmy
ind of chopped dried fruit, one tea
sp onfulm of baking powder, onie scanit
'~npoonful of sodax mixed with one
cupul of sour milk. Mix, turn into
aresdmold and steam for four
Iteamed O:'Rmeai-.Mix a half pint
of co .rse oatnm.al with one tablespoon
f ' o 1- n one. quar o boiin
8OUTHERW ':- f
-1- - -
70PICS OF iNTERESY TO THE PL ANT
THE WOOLY APHIS.
One of the pests that is ever com
mon in the apple orchards of the
South is the wcoly aphis. This is an
insect that does its real injury to the
roots, but is not seen there, because
everything is under the ground; but
it has one part of its existence above
ground-on the bodies nf the trees,
and usually in the crevices of the
bark, where they look like little clus
ters of cotton. This appearance is
caused by an excretion from the body
that clings to it, and from this it
gets the name, Vwooly" aphis.
The insect passes the winter in the
eg state, and also as adult females.
In the spring time, as soon as the
weather gets warm, the eggs batch
and the females that lived through
%egin their work. All of the latter
give birth to live young; these, with
tuose just hatched from the eggs
siick the sap of the roots, and in
turn propagate very fast! They form
numerous colonies on the roots that
cause swellings that look like beads
and that seriously interfere with the
growth of the tree. In tne warm
weather of the summer there is 3
form produced that has wings anl
flies to other trees, where they fdrm
new colonies. Thus the pest is spread
over an orchard in a short time.
Not only are the orchards affect
ed, but the nurseries; and their tre,
carry the insect to new places never
before infected. It is, therefore,
quite important to carefully examine
every tree before planting, and de
stroy the very appearance of the
trouble. In fact, it is well, as a matter
of precaution, to dip the roots of
every tree in tobacco water just be
fore planting, which is perfectly
harmless to the roots and severe on
the insects, and is the best u.se -for
tobacco that I know of, unless it be
tc kill chicken lice.
There is no need to give up in dis
coura'ement because an orchard is
irfected with wooly aphis, but dig
away the earth over the roots for.
about. three inches deep and spread
on tobacco dust with a liberal hand.
and then put the soil back over it.
Th*is is cheap and fully -worth all it
costs for Its manurial value. It can.
be bcught of the tobacco factories
and others who deal in.lt, at not over
a'ecut $20 per ton.-E. H. Van Deman.
in Scuthern Fruit Grower.
60OME VALUABLE FEEDING FIG
URES.
The, Virginia Experiment Station.
give some very valuable ideas in its
'recent report of tests made in cow
feeding. We summarize a few of the
leading ideas:
The advantage of alfalfa or pea
hay over bran is easily seen when the
farmer finds he can produce alfalfa
or pea-hay for ar und $3 per ton.
From two to three tons an acreo
may be produced from -an acre of
land and ."um three to five tons of'
alfalfa, including all the season's cus:
tings. Bran costs $20 and up per
ton. The advantage of' feeding pea
hay and alfalfa, both rich in protein,
for roughness, can hardly be over
estimated. In feeding alfalfa instead
of wheat bran it is best to allow one
and a half' pounds of alfalfa for every
pound of bran, and if' the hay is
chopped the results will be better
than when fed uncut When alfalf'.tI
was fed under the -most favorable
conditions, a gallon of' milk was pro
duced for five and one-half cents, and
a pound of butter for ten and one-half..
-When pea-hay was fed the cost was:
but little smaller on the milk and a
cent lower on the cost of buter. In
localities where pea-hay is easily
grown it can be given as a good sub
stitute for wheat bran, and where al
falfa grows -well it may be substi -
tuted* for pea-hay. In tests covering
two years' time, and with various
cows, these results furnish proof of
the advantages of roughness rich in
protein over the concentrates, such as
bran. At a time whren reliable data
from tests so ably back up the experi
ences of the farmers, this .will encour
age dairymen wonderfully. I have
known some dairymen who used a?
falfa exclusively when the price of
bran got too high. These tests prove
that alfalfa hay at even half the price
of branr makes a great showing In
favor of' alfalfa.
PEACE AND PROGRESS.
And no-w they, say that the big saw
mill is going to be established in the
ltorow, jnst down the siCPC from our"
cottage. So. after all, it seems that
we who grew up among rurai quiet
v' to - dwet! ;n the midst of alarm.''
Andi cur drcamts of raeditations are
to be moleste.1 by its surgin~g, puis
Items of Interest.
New buildings, the construction of
which was authorized in Norfolk the
first six months of 1906, are valued at
more than $1,000,000. Few of tha per
mits granted are for buildings of more
than moderate size.
The shortage of Irwin Tucker, pres
ident. of the Newport News Savings
Bank. who committed suicide, was
about $30,000.
Asburv .Spicr caused a sensation
at th~e ial of former .Judge Hargis
and formier Sheritf (Calliban. who are
charged with killing Mareum. by
making~ a conifession in which he im
plicated both defendants .
A ttorner General Anderson. of Vir
ia i, has t ken St eps to havec en
frcred he- Chu rchman law. prendn.ii
for a paenger' rute of 2 teats a mile.,
Bunzlingz ini the Government Print
iun. 01.i'~ (oh ntes. Senator Whyte.
ef Mav\landi. Wll I)e one of those
wg: wnil inve-igate it this week
ARM : i0TES8.
FR, STOCKANV ACRU0C Gq -ER,
ing, blowing, puffing machinZry
restless energy that beats forever in
the interests of the men who have
sinned by loving moncy.
- Well, this is progress-the watch
word of the times-and we must fall
into Nne, paying no attention to the
repose of the rworld. The spirit of the
day is to follow the noise and the
smoke; to make piles of money for
the purpose of " blowing it in."
Once, agriculture was the universal
occupation of Dixie's people, and ccn
tentment and patience prevailed.
Now, a fascination attaches to a "Job"
that draws our boys away from home.
and many a tired eye- looks .for a +
letter from the ends of the world.
In nearly every instance, old mill
men and railroaders advise the boys
to stick to the farm, claiming that
though they make lots of money,
they save nothing. - Recently I heard
a man of the road say that a man
of his craft was little better than a
s.lave, driven about from pallar to post
at the bidding of the boss. The big
mill will have stray lambs from the
farm, no doubt; and we must be
kind to them and treat them as we
would like ours to be treated were
they away off. To the bosses they
may be but tools to turn out- so much
lumber; to us they will be souls who
ought to be enjoying the freedom of
the farm.
And between times we may get
quiet enough to wander in the land of
other days, and to hear the stage
horn blow and the cow bells jingle.
Stanley Vann, in Home and Farm.
PECANS FOR PROFITS.
This is a nut-eating nation, and
we import 28,000,000 worth of nuts
annually. Still we do not consume
edible nuts to the per capita extent
that some countries do. There is no
reason why we should not, for nuts
,rc a -wholesome article of the daily
liet. If we grew more nuts we would
onsume more.
We can readily grow that king of
cuts, the thin, or paper-shelled, pecan.
I nut that comparatively- few have
eaten. It is the best of table nuts,
3utfanking even the almond or th3
English walnut. it is the cultivated
ecan of the gulf coast. Pecans are
Jut a variation of hickory nuts, but
he cultivated pecan far excels in
1avor and deliclousness all its cous
The paper-shelled pecan is a matter
f evolution and damp soils. . Pecan
>rchards along the gulf between New
3rleans and Mobile are, say~s a recent
vriter, planted forty feet apart to at
orv for the mature trees, and this
etting requires seventeen trees to the
ere. In the normal course of events
L paying crop is confidently antici
ated in from eight--t tn yar, at
~vhich latter. per'od there should
i rofitable crop of eighty pounds to
each tree. At present prices this
ould mean a fortune, but at twenty
five cents per pound it -means $20
>r tree, or $340 per acre. --
Land a-Iong the gulf coast set in
young pecan trees brings $100 per
cre, whereas it was before the plant
ng regarded as of little or no value.
r'he result is that thousands c-f trees
ire being set annually. It is .a mis
:ake to say that trees of th e best
ariety can be grown along the coast
ly. for they can be grown in any
cttom lands In any part of Alabama.
and the nuts will be fully up to
tadr.Briga Age-Herald.
~ OLLD ORCHARDS.
When an apple tree has grcwn old
t should not necessarily be destroyed.
[n a neighbor's orchard last year, I
noticed some old trees were- loade!
with most excellent fruit. The resuit
did not come through pruning or any
design of the owner. By storms or
otherwise the main branches of the
trees had been broken off and a full
head of young and tender shoots had
sprung up. These were perhaps sin
years old, and they were loaded with
fruit. It is evident to any intelligent
observer that the same result mnay be
brought about by topping and prun
ing.- In the orchard referred to is
quite a lct of old trees which need to
be treated in the same way. As they
now stand the lnibs are mcss-grownl,
and the terminal shoots are on the
verge of decay. -Scarcely a single
young thrifty twig is to be seen. By
cutting off cne or two main branches
at a time, the head of the trees could.
in a few years; be dangcd -Into a
vgorous growth of limbs that would
hang full of gcod fruit every bearing
season. It is better to change the tops
gaually, fcr to cut oi! the limbs atI
once would probabnly kill thec :ree.
T. C. Karns, Powell Station, Tenn.
NewsItems.
V'ginia druggists are said to be
violating the law vegulatig the sale
of poison.
William Jarvis, a farmer near
Charleston, W. Va., was shot and kill
ed by his wife..
The Administration has decided to
pursue a Sem policy in Santo Domin
go to protect the fiscal policy which
the Senate failed to ratify.
Julian Pavliniek. who killed his
wife in fulfilment of a promise to her,
was convicted at Newport Newvs of
second degree murder anid sentenced
to 18 years in the penitentiary.
Intial steps were taken toward.
preparing the Government's exhibits
at the Jamestown Exposition.
Secretary Root went to New York.
where he wvill sail today on his' louth.
Ameriani visiting trip.
It is expected that all the p~ersons
iajured in the railroatd wreck near
Sisbry no-brt will recover.

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