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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, July 25, 1906, MAGAZINE SECTION. PAGES 1 TO 4., Image 9

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MAGAZINE SECTION. WI W5, ESTABLISHED 1844
PAGES 1 TO74... WINNSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, JLLY 25, 1906.
COUNTESS OF WARWICK.
A STRIKING BEAUT Y OF ENGLISH
COURT WHO IS FRIEND OF
WORKINGMEN.
Has Accomplished Great Philan
P.- thropy, Foundling Girls' Schools in
Dairying. Poultry, Etc.-Prominent
in Politics.
England has at least one titled
woman wvhose wealth and position
have not proved sufficient to blind her
to conditions which surround less for
tunate men and women. She is the
Countess of Warwick. long the reign
ing beauty of King x,,ward's court,
and one of the most famous women in
two continents.
The Countess has recently come in
to prominence through her par...ipa
tion in the English elections and is a
strong advocate and supporter of Will
Thorne, candidate of the dock la
borers for a seat in the House of Com
mons. The Countess strongly sup
ports the contention of the laboring
element for a labor party in parliament
and gowned in the most bewitching of
Parisian frocks and in a red automo
bile she has been stirring things up
pretty lively in the forty-five parlia
mentary districts in which repre
sentativts of organized -labor were
running for the House of Commons.
SENT DELEGATION TO AMERICA.
This very democratic Countess re
cently sent a delegation of twenty-five
women to the United States to study
labor conditions here. Each -as in
trusted with a different mission. One
visited stenographers and typewriters,
another went to tailor shops and still
another to the factories where young
men and women are einployed and the
entire labor field was aaequately cov
ered. The Countess defrayed all ex
penses of the trip and is now using
the material which her delegation
brought back to her for speeches to
the laboring classes.
Not long ago the Countess addressed
a tremendous crowd of workmen. Her
stage was a tradesman's wagon and
hundreds of workmen went without
their dinners in order to hear her
speech. She was given a -great ova
tion, called the men "comrades and
%
TH'E COUNTESS OF WARWICK,
friends" and urged them to strain
every effort to get a labor party in
parliament.
"You workers are the'empire," de
clared the Countess and this with a
succession of spirited assertions she
made were lustily cheered by the la
boring men.
The Countess of Warwick is one of
England's most famous women. Be
fore the succession of her husband to
the earldom she was Lady Brooke and
gained the nickname of ''Babbling
Brooke" for having told some tV ugs
in connection with the famous bac
carat. party at Tranby Croft which
proved one of the most s'ensational
news stories of the year. The Prince
of Wales, now King Edward V'II, was
a member of thle party and a subse
quent witness in the case.
TO TEACH DAIRTING AND
-CHICKEN GROWTH.
.In the past few years the Countess
of Warwick has devoted nearly her
entire time to phi?;.nthropic and char
ity work. She once manmged a linen
and lace store but-the venture proved
unsuccessful. Later she founded a
school and daiiry work and poultry
keeping for young girls, a home for
crippled children and a technical
school,
CANDIED. FLOWERS.
England Has Begun Strange De
mands for Sugared Blossoms From
the United States.
One of the latest developments of
luxury is said to be the candying of
fragrant- flowers. The notion is not
altogether new, for violets have long
been made into confections for the
palate, as well as into boquets fc-r the
elfactory organs.
At any rate, it seems that the fash
ion has acquired a new impetus of
late, and a candied violet is coming
tn be regarded c6 an #CCePtable "bonne
bouche" to be presented to a lady.
There is also, it is said, a demand for
sugared rose petals, which is being
catered to by some enterprising artists
in sugar. It can hardly be pretended
that flowers made into "sweets" are of
any medicinal efficacy, though damask
rose leaves have long held a recog
nized place in the materia medica.
Whether the violet has any thera
peutic qualities does not appear,
though the leaves (not the flower)
have just now some reputation-out
side the medical faculty-as a cure
for cancer. The best that can be
hoped for, if flowers are to be eaten
as well as to be seen and smelled, is
that they may in all cases prove to be
innocuous. It is a nice question
whether the perfume is always a safe
guide.
Perhaps the modern craze Is, after
all, only a form of luxury. A candied
violet or a dish of rose leaves cun
ningly prepared for the tea table could
not possibly enter into the category of
cheap sweets for the millions, and it
is understood that the sugar trust is
not interested.
BREAKS BY CONGRESS
Peculiar Mistakes Due to Tremen
dous Amount of Work Transacted
JustBefore Adjournment.
In the hurry and bustle of "get
away" day in Congress, a few errors
slipped in to upset the calculations of
party leaders. One of these was the
signing of the agricultural appropri
ation bill by the President before thai
measure contained the signature of the
Speaker of the House of Representa
tives. Of course this oversight was
corrected, but the question then arose
as to the importance of having the bill
signed by the Speaker and the Vice
President. Their signatures merely
certify that the bill has passed their
respective houses, the important fact
being that they have been passed by
the House and Senate. For this rea
son it is not regarded as being abso
lutely indispensable that a bill should
be signed by the presiding officer of
the House. All that is necessary is tc
establish the fact that it has been sc
passed.
Another "break" was the presiden
tial approval of the sundry civil bill
containing an item appropriating
$3,000,000 for a site for a new de
partmental building in Washington
This item had been dropped out of the
bill in conference but the enrollmeni
clerks failed to notice the omissior
and so included this item in the copy
of the bill laid before the President for
his signature. When the, error was
discovered, a resolution was adopted
by both houses of Congress repealing
the feature of the bill making the
$3,000,000 appropriation.
It is not strange that these mis
takes occur, as all of the erhiployes of
both the Senate and House during the
last few days of Congress have at
enormous amount of work shoved upor
them, so that when Congress actually
adjourns many of them are ready to
take to their beds for several days it
order to recuperate.
CANADIAN RECIPROCITY.
Northern Sister Would Like Sucl
Arrangement;. But Is Waiting
Move by This Country.
A letter from Ottawa, Canada
states that the question of reciprocrity
between Canada and the Unite.
States is by no means dead, as was
clearly shown by the recent debate or
the Canadian budget in a number ol
speeches, which, while they admitted
that the United States did not appeax
to care for reciprocity, it would if il
could be brought about on mutually
advantageous terms, oe a good thina
for both sides of the line. - Many o1
the crown ministers and even Sir Wil
frsd Laurier himself, the premier, and
described in England as the foremos1
statesman in the British Empire, art
favorable to Canadian-Americar. re
ciprocity, if it can be had. Sih
Richard Cartwright, minister of trade
and commerce, said recent..y that there
could be no better British policy that
to do everything possible to encouragt
good relations with the United States
Senator Lougheed, the conzervative
leader in the Senate, stated that he
thought no higher work could be found
by King Edward than to promote the
good relations of the two peoples, and
o bind more closely together the tw<
Anglo-Saxon nations. He knew n<
happier way of strengt:.ening the bont
between the Anglo-Saxon peoples or
the North American Continent thai
for the King and Queen to visit the
shores of North America at the pres
ent time.
If reciprocity is not visibly to th4
front to-day it is because public
opinion in Canada reg rds reciprocita
as unattainable and the position o:
the anti-reciprocity men who are fo:
the moment supreme, as unassailable
Hence, and for no other reason, re
ciprocity sentiment is put on the shel
until called for again, and an ostentax
tious appearance of ijidifference i
manifested in Canada which will b
stiffly maintained as long as th
United States government makes n
forward movement that public opinio
in the Dominion can accept as sincer
and based on a spirit of reasonablenes
and fair play.
To those who are able to~ read b<
tween the lines, the announcement c
the finance minister that the change
to be made in the Canadian tarif
when revision takes pace next sessiox
must depend upon such new condition
as may have occurred, is obviousl
meant for the people at Washingto
who stanid in the way of reciprocita
and those in London who have blocke
a mutual preference between tb
mother country and Canada. It is
warning and may mean much, or littl<
as circumstnnees or conditions dictati
A GROCERY IN CONGRESS.
REPRESENTATIVE MANN PLAYS
SALESMAN AND DRUGGIST TO
UNMASK FRAUDS.
Short Weight and Fraudulent Foods
the Lure of Many Department
Stores and Mall Order Houses.
Honest Dealers Handicapped by
Deceptions.
When the pure food bill was before
the House of Representatives a few
weeks ago, intense interest was dis
played by the .members of that body
in a "grocery store" established by
Representative Mann of Illinois. Mr.
Mann had been given a special privi
lege by the House committee having
the bill in charge to demonstrate the
manner in which the ordinary food
V
REPRESENTATIVE MANN.
products of the country are adulter
ated, and how the consumer is de
frauded. The space in front of tie
speaker's desk resembled a small
section of a delicatessen store and a
corner grocery with cereals, jams,
jellies, tins of peas, tomatoes, corn,
prepared spices, bottles of whiskey and
wine, imnorted sausages, brandied
cherries and other edibles and drink
ables scattered over two tables.
Representative Mann proceeded to
demonstrate to the House through
these various food products the neces
sity for a national pure food law.
One of the first articles taken up by
the Congressman was the ordinary
condiment-pepper-which to the lay
mind is considered too cheap for any
manufacturer to spend time in adul
terating. He read circulars from nu
merous concerns offering for sale a
certain grade of adulterant which
could be used to produce pepper or
almost any other of the spices with
some slight modification. As he scat
tered a package of this over his desk
the members in the vicinity started
back in order to avoid the usual sneez
ing which follows the inhalation of a
small quantity of pepper. But they
were reassured by the "groceryman"
that it was not harmful, for while
it was called pepper it was nothing
but ground olive pits. He convulsed
the House when he read- the price list
of adulterants showing that they were
offered to the trade for $20 a ton in
five-ton lots, and that at that rate they
were guaranteed to make the finest
black pepper which, as everyone
knows, is sold by the ounce. He made
the statement that even the pepper
berry itself was adulterated by a
cleverly contrived manufacture of tap
ioco colored with lamp black.
Possibly the most striking demon
stration of the afternoon was one with
a bottle of red cherries. These cher
ries, it was explained, were picked
green, and that after being bleached
out white by the use of a powerful
acid, had been colored the brilliant
red by the use of coal tar dye-a
deadly poison if used in large quanti
ties. Representative Mann dipped a
piece of white cloth in the ''juice'' of
these cherries, and it partook of a
brilliant red as though it had just come
from a dyers.
Olive oil, explained Mr. Mann, is a
product which is in most cases, adul
terated. In many instances the coun
terfeit is merely American cotton seed
oil-a wholesome and satisfactory
dressing for salad, but it costs about
%4 as much as real olive oil, and the
'American buyer certainly does not
care to purchase a dressing for 'four
times its actual worth.
HIVELESS HONEY.
One of the freak exibits was a
bottle of "honey" which, in order to
complete the assurance of the buyei
that the article was genuine, contained,
as if by accident, the body of a real
bee, yet the whole mess was pure and
simple glucose, and had never beet
near a hive, much less a comb. The
hive probably was a ten story fac
tory in one of the large cities.
SA bottle of "Freezine" was exhibited
by Mr. Mann, who explained that this
remarkable article was guaranteed tc
preserve meat from the action of thi
air and stop decay. While he ad
mitted that it would stop the action of
nature on meats, he claimed that thn
preservative itself was actually poison
fous, containing suiphide of soda witi
red coal tar dye and could not bi
-sed safely upon human food.
The public is unwittin'gly defrauded
to a great extent through short weigh1
'and short measure in package goods
explained Mr. Mann, and he lnsistei
.that the manufacturers should be comn
pelled to state on the label the quan
tity contained in the bottle or carton
In line with this was a dramatic demn
,onstration when the Chicago pure fooe
.expert held up before the House
a1C
Co
s
bottle supposed to contain a quart of
vinegar, which when poured into a
large graduate did not nearly reach the
quart mark thereon-in fact was three
inches below it. Raisins, currants and
numerous other articles of food are
apparently put up in pound packages
a'nd so the buyer considers, but in fact
few of those on the market really con
tain a full pound.
DEPARTMENT STORE BARGAINS.
"It is the department stores and
mail order houses." said the demon
strator, "which make profit from short
weight cans and under-sized bottles.
We are seeking to protect the legiti
mate grocery. and the honest canner
from men who are willing to make
money by depriving the people of
things they think they are getting.
All that we urge is that an approx
imate weight or measure may be put
upon each one of these packages and
then, if the public chooses to buy
a smaller package at a smaller price
it may do so, but the manufacturers
and dealers must not any longer de
ceive the people as to how much they
are buying."
BREAKFAST FOODS A DELUSION.
On the tables where Mr. Mann, ably
but silently assisted by Mr. Stevens
of Minnesota, acted now as grocery
man, now as druggist, and now as
bartender, there were a dozen or more
packages of breakfast foods with their
familiar labels. A reference to table
weights and skillful dropping of pack
ages upon a balance scale in front of
,him enabled Mr. Mann to show that
in a great many cases the public paid
full price for an abnormal amount of
pasteboard box. In scarce any case
did the prepared food weigh twice as
much as the box,- and in many in
stances food and.package were in near
ly equal proportion.
Everybody knew, as Mr. Mann
stated, that 25 per cent. of all the
coffee used in the United States is sold
as a mixture of Java and Mocha. He
was prepared to show from official
CLSITH
figurs tht whle w use latya
figres that awbileon pusdst cofea
and while about 250.000.000 pound:
were supposed to be Mocha and Java
there were actually imperted into this
country last year only a fraction ovel
2,000.000 pounds of Mocha and 10.000
000 pounds of JTava, or approximatel;
less than 13,000,000 pounds. or only
per cent of the popular blend. It !.
staggering to know 95 per cent. of th<
people who think they drink Moeli:
and Java every day have been de
ceived, and yet the facts seem to be
rather plain.
Figures like these, however. al
though ordinarily impressive and con
vincing, did not attract so much at
-tention in the House. because th<
members were so absorbed in the prac
tical demonstration of the extent t<
which fraudulent manufacturers o
food products have been willing t<
go in the way of swindling the public
Praise.
New Yorker-To tell the truth, we
-are proud of thIs hoteL.
Chicagoan-Well, I can't blame vol
altogether, old man. I honestly thin:
imyself that It's the finest betweel
iChican and London.
pyr igh-ted. 189,+.-By Harper I
rnopsis of preceding chapters at end of this installmen
t CHAPTER XI.
For a time Sir Nigel was very moody
and downcast, with bent-brows and eyes
upon the pommel of his saddle. Edricson,
Ford and Terlake rode behind him. The
four rode alone, for the archers had
passed a curve in the road, though Al
leyne could still hear the he~try clump,
clump of their marching, or catch a
glimpse of the sparkle of steel through the
tangle of leafless branches.
"Ride by my side. I entreat of you,"
said the knight, reining in his steed that
they mightIi come abreast of him
"For, si nce it h tth pleased you to fol
low me to the wars, it were well that you
should know how you may best serve me.
I doubt not, Terlake, that you will show
yourself a worthy son of a valiant fa
ther, and you. Ford, of yours, and you
Edricson, that you are mindful of the old
time house from which all men know that
you are sprung. And first I would have
you bear very steadfastly in mind that
our settinsgo forth is by no means for the
purpose of ga1ining spoil or exacting ran
som, though it may well happen that such
may come to us also. We go to France,
and from thence, I trust, to Spain, in
humble search of a field in which we may
win advancement and perchance some
small share of glory. But what is this
among the trees?" .
aIt is a shrine of Our Lady," sal
Terlake, "and a blind beggar who lives
by the alms of those ofho worship there.
"A shrine !" cried the knight. "Then
let us put up an orison." knd pulling
off his cap, and clasping his hands, he
chanted in a shrill voice: "Benedictus
dominus Deus meus, qui docet manus
meas ad proelium, et digitos meos ad
bellum." A strange figure he seemed to
his three squires, perched on his huge
horse, with his eyes upturned and tht
wintry sun shimmering upon his bald
head. "It is a noble prayer," he re
marked, putting on his hat again, "and
it wasm tugh io me by the noble Chandos
himself. But how fares it with you,
father? Methinks that I should have
ruth upon you, seeing that I am
myself like one who looks through a horn
window while his neighbors have the
clear crystal. Yet, by St. Paul! there is
a long stride between the man who hath
a horn casement and him whois walled
in on every hand."
"Alas, fair sir !" cried the blind man.
o- ve his capandcrlyasince hadsvhe
mash aud preumht digtos meos had
oI have squireen ecblied to uis huat
horse with is bees ptred uch tht
winmrsn shimeringmpn lthink tal
'head.lyI is vnole. prar," the anem
maprke, putrisng ond hetis hagai"n
;fahee ieting ehd ethouldhv
ruhi on th y sering' thatsel anm
myeuce like onoe gift looks the kar
window whee hsoeighor havnge hen
a which trie between wthe manywh mubat
Shornsasethrut away hinto his walled
-n ronevery thand." issee ftrh
. compans, asid credo them bld ma
t Ihe pot wheren the blesed blune of hent
yoen this twoattered yeithe site of th<i
fls burpnyewa areadyh t0 we-igh thead.'
fthe vilae been blin the knightahi
ouraes loen pare them. thhat
.strry cand fasrietvie foul ub t al!owe
bys on ror our Cop-hste wlluthinkfron
they aks ost thei captain Anothewint
erlygit them vnure wthro the rea-guar
whre evercyn mand lace ust hiso.ar
Alenei shongleriang behind, bhhwa
himinofithemerrimenrinBysthounse on
thad solumnel bestoed ta sgle eade
bwich thegr ishd throny utl
Th' argumen his epstedtheiong hirl
- od at tepo his hesloed aftewrie
themspo wher the ftres frill olle:nt
W4h orau ~esrglighme
- fode is cttrd n ihe id cfmh
S C.rot e7s.
of abuse, varied by an occasional thwack
from her stick, given with all the force
of her body, though she might have beea
beating one of the forest trees for aM
the effect that she seemed likely to pro
duce.
"I trust Aylward," said Sir Nigel,
gravely, as he rode up, "that this doth
not mean that any violence hath been
offered to women, If such a thing hap
pened, I tell you that the man shall
hang, though he were the best archer
that ever wore brassart."
"Nay, my fair lord," Aylward answered
with a grin, "it is violence which is
offered to a man. He comes from Hordle,
and this is his mother who hath come
forth to welcome him."
"You rammucky lurden," she was howl
ing, with a blow between each catch of
her breath, "you shammocking, yaping,
over-long good-for-naught. I will teach
thee! I will baste thee! Aye, by my
faith!"
"Whist, mother," said John, looking
back at her from the tail of his eye. "I
go to France as an archer, to give blows
and to take them."
"To France, quotha?" cried the old
dame. "Bide here with me, and I shall
warrant you more blows than you are
like to get in France. If blows be what
you seek, you need not go further than
Hordle."
"By my hilt! the good dame speaks
truth," said Aylward. "It seems to be
the very home of them."
"What have you to say, you clean
shaved galleybagger? cried the fiery
dame, turning upon the archer. "Can I
not speak with my own son but.you must
let your tongue clack? A soldier, quotha,
and never a hair on his face. I have -
seen a better soldier with pap for food
and swaddling-clothes for harness."
"Stand to it, Aylward," cried the
archers, amid a fresh burst of laughter.
"Do not thwart her, comrade," said big
John. "She hath a proper spirit for her
years' and cannot abide to be thwarted.
It is kindly and homely to me to hear
her voice and to feel that she is behind
me. But I must leave you now, mother,
for the way is over-rough for your feet;
but I will bring you back a silken gown,
if there be one in France or Spain, and
I will bring Jinny a silver penny; so
good-bye to you, and God have you in his
keeping !" Whipping up the little
woman, he lifted her lightly to his lips,
'-I'
LED WOMAN.
and then, taking his place in the ranks
again, marched on with the laughing Coma
pany.
"That was ever his way," she cried,
appealing to Sir Nigel, who reined up his
horse and listened with the gravest cour
tesy. "He would jog on his own road for
all that I could do to change him. First
he must be a monk forsooth, and all be
cause a wench was wise enough to turn
her back on him. Then he joins a ras
cally crew and must needs trapse off to
the wars, and me with no one to batt
the fires if I be out, or tend the cow if
I be home. Yet I have been a good
mother to him. Three hazel switches a -
day have I broke across his shoulders,
and he takes no more notice than you
have seen him to-day."
"Doubt not that he will come back to
yote both safe and prosperous, my fair
dame," quoth Sir Nigel. "Meanwhile it
grieves me that, as I have already given
my purse to a bergar up the road, I-"
"Nay, my lord," said Alleyne, "I still
hare some moneys remaining."
I"Then I pray you to give them to this
very worthy woman." He cantered on as
he spoke, while Alleyne, having dispensed
two more pence, left the old dame stan-i
ing by the furthest cottage of Hordle .
with her shrill voice raised in blesaings
instead of revilings.
IThat night the Company slept at St.
Leonard's. in the great monastic barns
and spicarium-ground well known both
to Alleyne and to John, for they were
almost within sight of the Abbey of

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