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Valparaiso, capital of the province
of Valparaiso, is the principal city on
the South American west coast. It is
Chile 6 fe:rtifed seaport and has a
populatron of about one hundred and
ifty tho;:-znd, having grown from si::
thousar. in !82. It is one of the
2nost ;.;ressive cities of South
is connected by rail with San
tiago, the capital, sixty-eight miles
Paralleiing the Chilean coast of
twenty-three hundred miles is the
same mountain chain which lies at
the back of the State of California,
and through which the earth's tre
mors ran which so completely trans
formed San Francisco.
There are two sections of Valbar
aiso, one devoted to commercial ac
tivity and the other to domestic life,
that part of the city fronting the
water, on which immense ware
houses and spacious docks and quays
are built, having been in the early
days of Valparaiso the centre of its
thrift. As Valparaiso began to grow
there was a gradual movement Lack
from the shore front, until to-day the
opes leading to the heights are oc
cupied by magnificent residences, the
homes of the big merchants of the
city, all built to endure, and forming
one of the show sights of the Chilan
Of course, the streets in the old
quarter are crooked and narrow, but
the enterprise which struck the city
three decades ago !s seen in the regu
lar, wide and perfectly equipped thor
oughfares in the Almendral. In a
southern direction from the city run
the Nuevo Malecob and Gran Abe
mida, joining out in the country in
what is known as one of the best
thoroughfares in the world.
Valpa-raiso's harbor is protected on
THE PORT 0
ree sides by steep hills, which rise
' a he-ight oL 1700 feet, and are ter
,raced by rows of wooden houses. The
[finer buildings of brick and stone, are
situated below on the level, which is
practically all made ground.
The harbor is open to exposure
from the north, an- is a dangerous
anchorage for vessels at all seasons
of the year. In ordinary weather
there is always a heavy surf, and
when a storm occurse"vessels are fre
quently torn adrift from their an
-chorage and dashed to pieces on the
beach. The Chilean Congress recent
ly decided to have a breakwater con
structed to protect the shipping at a
cost of $20,000,000.
r- There arc several wharves on the
water front where ships of small ton
nage can go alongs'.de, but the larger
steamers have to anchor in the bay
and discharge and load their freight
by lighters. The ',rincipal steamship
line to Valparaiso is the Pacific Mail
Steam Navigation Company, which
operates a service from Liverpool via
the Straits of Magellan and a coast
service between Valparaiso and Pan
The town section of the City of
a .paraiso i: called the Almendral.
In it the principal business houses,
the Park, and the Plaza Victoria are
situated. T.te streets are broad, reg
Sotomiayor Square on Water Front.
ular, and well built. One of the fin
est new stone houses in this section is
the five-story building erected and
owned by the Mercurlo newspaper.
The terraces on which the wooden
houses are situated are reached from
the lower - ection of the city by means
of electric elev ators.
To the northwest of the Almen
dral is the qu'arter- known as the Pu
erto, in w~hich the public buildings,
warehouses, a,.d docks are situated.
The streets in this older section o:
the "ry are nrrw and crooked and
the majority of the buildings old in
-'-ucture and design.
The "Puerto" has three famous sa
Isn't it the' Truth?:
"Say, paw." cueried little Tommy
Toddles, "w ho are the city authori
"The cit" athorities, my son." re
plied Todls S"., "'are ofieials who
claim to hav.'e'no authority when the
dear pu.blic Jants something done."
Few Diamoi(1 Vteddings.
Only one couple in 11,u00 live to
ceilebra~etir diamo~.nd wedding.
"D~eath B'rd" of New Guinea.
The o""' venomious bird known is
the " death bird " of New Guinen.
The bite of this bird causes intense
pain in every part of the body, loss
of sight, convulsions andi finally
In every and under the sun,
whethe' in Mia, Africa, Europe or
Ameica. 'io;'day is universally rec
ognizei as th~e generai wash day.
VIEWS IN VALr
. LAE 'Or TOWNS PonTED DE
loons which have been known to
sailors of :-: nations for over fifty
years. They are called the "Fore
top, "M~airtop," and "Mizzentop,"
respectively, and a., still frequezted
by the crews of sailing ships in the
harbor. Valparaiso is one of the'
few remainin; ports where sailin
rhips can be seen in any numbers.
The majority of them are engraged in
the nitrate carryi-g trade.
The town is situated in what seis
mologists term the "earthquake
blt" andi haawysbensujctt
shakes moi-e or less severe. Several
shocks have been felt in Chile this
year, and have caused considerable
alarm to the inhabitants. At one
N CALLE BLANCO,
oos Wh h er.e nont.
yars.h ripeyol ae ofa11e. t isForn
byrtune, crwif ruetha shiphs ineft
harowrittenrasodsn of theaa
Sets reann~ots her ailing.
Ch1ipcao bner-Oeiany. ubes
Th NaotAl of e iae.eggdi
The nitrat carrve tradea. oie
The d tone.I is diatcult whto ses
moidethsc ter the ediarheable
ing, hand throug alwas besujec Theo
shaersoe or lvebusinessSandall
socksal e elains. l i hleti
yeagneti coaves ae cosiderup
plieairm ,r to th nai BntishA one
naiv aar eiensi ui
ARAISU, C ILA
[ED BY EARTHC
\,T ~ O ..
)ISTRICT VISITED BY EARTHQ
Arica, one of the seaport towns, on
May 5. Prolonged and severe shocks
were experienced at Valdivia April
There is about $60,000,000 of for
eign capital, mostly German and Brit
ish, invested in various industries in
Chile. A few years ago the capital
was principally British, but now the
Germans predominate. The Valpa
raiso electric street railway system
was constructed by a German com
-A BIRD'S-EYE VIE
pany, but It is now owned by a local
About 20,000 persnnsare employed
in Chile by British companies in the
extraction and preparation of nitrate
of soda for export. The late Colonel
North, who was called the "Nitrate
Kig nFd-1.W - - '
PORION SHOWN\ ON HILL AT TI
Profounxd Observation of a Travele(r.
If a mani had to wait half as long
for his dinner at home as he does at
the swell city cafe lhe would do'. things
that would give the neighbors some
thing to talk about fojr weeks.
Washington (Kani.) Register.
Remetmbe'rs ar of 1812.
M~rs. Ru!th Allen Smith, of Put
ney, Vt.. who is in her 3 ICd year',
distinct.: recalls th a departure of
her brothiers to the war 'f 1812.
A Western Saint.
A :.:igan millionaire died the
other day leaving twenty-seven dif
ferent w.ills. Hie will be canonized
by the Mlichigan bar. - Cleveland
Animials Swift in Travel.
The swiftest dog in the world, the
Russian wolf hound, has made record
runs that .how twenty-four yards to
the second, while the gazelle has
shown a measured speed of more
jUAKE AND FRE
first to open up the nitrate trade In
Chile, and made several million dol
lars by it.
The Chilean Government owns and
operates the railroads, which are be
ing extended in 'all directions. The
most important line in course of con
struction is the Trans-Andean Rail
roadwhichwill, when completed,ena
ble persons to travel from Valparaiso
passengers to travel from Valparaiso
to Buenos Ayres in forty-eight hours
V OF VALPARAISO.
and bring Chile two weeks nearer to
Europe. It is excpected that the line
will be opened toward the end of
1908. Another railway is being
built from the Peruvian frontier to
the Straits of Magellan, with branch
lines to coast ports, mining districts
and agricultural centres.
.Chile has been visited by severe
earthq uakes'about every sixty years.
In the last severe earthquake, in
1835, the Isle of Santa Maria was up
.lifted in three different localities,
eight, nine and ten- feet, but all this
land subsided a few weeks after
ward. At the same time two great
waves rolled over the town of Talca
Valparaiso's chief manufactures,
are cotton goods, machinery and iron
goods. Much mineral water is bot
tled there, while the sugar refineries
and the brewing and distilling inter
ests are large. From the city are ex
ported nitrate, in which millions are
invested, grain, wool, leather, guano,
saltpetre and copper, although this
mineral has not been developed to its
Valparaiso suffered a disastrous
earthquake in 1855, it was bombard
ed by the Spanish in 1866 and suf
fered from a terrific tidal wave 'on
June 30, 1899, which wrecked the
railroad and did a great deal of dam
age in other directions.
Chile threw off the yoke of Spain
in the early part of the nineteenth
century. It consists of twenty-four
provinces and territories and con
tovs 290.829 square miles.
G OWR TH BY-ES
Kin CaredJy oNecste
Kin Ewad id't crr cal4t
ca rried.id Heretoe Newcas''tle's
chief mlagistrates havo be-en plain
maycrs; henrceforth they' are to be
Prince and Pauper.
Most any man cani make a tool of
himself. It is wvhere he warnts an e
egant job and doesn't care for the
epense that he gets son~e woman to
Unworthy of Remembrance.
My Dear Friend-I beg you to lend
me 6000f. Then forget me forever.
1 ama not worthy to be remembered.
-From a Letter Found by the Paris
Chief Buddhist Sovereign.
The kinig of Siam is the only in
dependent Buddhist sovereign in thi
world, and is. therefore, looked upo,
as the chief supporter of the- religioL
STILL I ONFUSION
Earthquake Sufferers Not Yet j
Free from Danger
BUSINESS RESUMiNG SLOWLY 1,
Some Business Houses Opened at I
Valparaiso. City Under Martial
Law, Traffic by Water and Rail Re
sumed Postal Service Also in
Operation-Great Trouble in Bury
ing Dead Since Cemeteries all Des
stroyed Coffins Piled High-Great
Dread of Outbreak of Plague
Many Leave City.
Valaparaiso, By Ca!e.-Some busi
ness houses have ope! (-d, for the first 1i
time since the earthquake. Telephone C1
and telegraphic communication with ed
Santiago has been re-established. The pc
city is still under martial law. As h2
the first installment the government it
has appropriated $4,000,000 for the ne
relief of the destitute. su
The custom house has been re-open- va
ed and traffic by water and rail has er
been resumed. Postal service is also tr.
in operation. st:
On of the greatest difficulties en- ov
countered by the authorities is the in- m
term^nt of the bodies recovered from .
the ruins, as all cemeteries were de- da
stroyed. At various temporary mor- cil
gues heaps of coffins are accumulated, de
waiting the designation of their Ot
places of burial. a
The work of recovering tie bodies t,
is being pushed to the utmost in order
to avoid an ePidemic, in fear of which "
many famles are leaving the city. to
Through the whole length of Brazil to
Avenue and all over Victoria Square
sheds have been constructed to shel
ter the homeless from the severe
Valpariaso, By Cable.-The loss of Ca
life by the earthquake of Thursday, it
August. 16, probably will not be short pa
of 3,000, while the property destroyed co
is estimated at $100,000,000 and pos
sibly was in exces of that sum. in
Order is being maintained with the ab
utmost severity by the military, po- co
lice and armed citizens' patrols, who wl
are empowered to shoot looters on the via
spot. The authorities are showing the
utmost energy in the protection of fic
With the first terrible shock of the no
earthquake. buildings collapsed, their pr
wills falling in with a tremendous
noise. The inmates in many cases
were unable to escape. The shock was
followed almost immediately by a thi
fierce storm, the wind prostrating in
walls t'hat had been weakened by the ict
earthquake, and these broke trolley so
wires, which flashed incessantly. The tri
second shock was even mor~e severe loi
than the first. in
Five minutes afterward fires started rel
in every direction, and the whole pr
town, which had been momentarily or;
in darkness, was illuminated by gi- pe
gantic flames. The firemen made a les
desparate fight, though there was lit- Tr
tle water. as most of the mains had of
been broken by the earth tremble. The ic
Victoria Threatre (opera house) and vI
the Naval Club were utterly destroy- tic
ed by the earthquake, and' the Nat
ional Theatre succumbed to earth
quake and fire.
Contracts Awarded, ern
Norfolk, Va., Special.-The board Gr
of governors of the Jamestown Expo- 'li
Mn:L has awarded to J. W. Davis. of a
Newport News, the contract for the cit
erection of the Educational and His- Br
torie Arts buildings at a cost of ed
Steamer on Reef is Doomed.
Honolulu, Special.-The stranded t
steamer Manchuria, off Rabbit Island, to
is suffering great damage and those St
at the scene of the wreck think the
aEsse] is doomed. Four of her eight St
boilers have been rendered useless, th
repeated shocks against the reef hay- th
ing damaged the foundations of the pt
boilers. The port engine also is use--S
.4ss on account of the breaking of -its eh
,:in pipe. TI
May Join Cuban Revelters. ml
MIexico City, Special.-Central Am
ercian revolutionists are said to have
b~een preparing to go to Cuba to .join
the revolutioniefs there, if the rcelu- Ti'
tion mn Gut:'emrala succeeded. The Ge
C'uban revolution 'bas been in prepara- re'C
tion fer severai monthe past. New G
York backers o fine Guatemalan revo- up
lutionists are backing the Cubans.
Both par'ties had representatives in a
all Spanish-American countr'ies. i
San Francisco Sends Aid.
Wash inet on. Special-.-San Francis"
co made the Erst American conri bw~
tion for the relief. cf the Vainarain:
earthquake sufferers. A di'patch re I
"Cieid bthe Sint Dear tfr>
MIinister Ilieks, at Santiag~o. anno:me
ed a donation of $1.000~t( was re'e :ed t o
Anxiety is Now Zubsiding.
tes MIinister .John Ihieks, at Santa
go de Chile. has sent a cablegram to t i
the State Department saying that an
iety over the earthquake is subsiding
in both Valparaiso and Santiago, al- at
though at the date of the sending of cc
thle dispatch, mild shoeks continued a
to be felt, lie savs that the financia! ~
and business situation is serious and I
that there is fear of a panic. Sub-n
scriptions are being raised for the a
UBA -HAS TROUBLE
acal Warfare Threatened in
00 REBELS CONCENTRATING
'hile the Uprising Has Apparently
Attained Its Maximum in the East
ern End of the Island Insurgents
in Force Are Threatening the Cap
ture of Pinar Del Rio and Other.
Towns in the West-Government,s
Action in Arresting Havana Plot
ters Has Effect of Overawing Sym
pathizers in Capital.
Havana, By Cable-The indications
e that the revolution in eastern
iba has already practically reach
its maximum. The government and
ople generally believe the movement
s received about all the accessions
will be likely to gain. The prompt
ss of the government in arresting
spected leaders and plotters in Ha,
na and elsewhere and in sending re
foreements to the disturbed dis
cts has had an excellent effect in
-engtening public confidence and
erawing sympathizers with the
On the other hand, quitude in the
nar del Rio region hroughout the
y. peaceable inhabitants of the
ies of Penar del Rio. Conscolacin
i Sur, Saju Juan del Martin'ez and
ier western towns are in hourly
prehension of the attack and the
mipation of those places. The fact
it probably one thousand insur
tits are tending to concentrate in
province of Pinar del Rio upon
vns inadequately guarded by small
tachments of rural guards, mostly
?xperienlced in warfare, make the
uation grave; but as the insurgents
ve not assumed and strongly offen
e attitude or interfered with trains
crving troops, horses and supplies.
is inferred that they are not pre
red, or lack the nerve to try for
itrol of the territory.
An official of the Western Railroad
.ormed the Associated Press that
solutely no tronble has been en
antered anywhere along the line,
ich is the main artery of the pro
ice of Pinar del Rio.
There have been many rumors of
hts at various points in the pro
ice of Pinar del Rio, but they have
L been confirmed by government or
To Raise Funds for Sufferers.
Washington. Special.-Funds for
relief of the earthquake sufferers
Chile will be received by the Amer
-n Red'Cross and sent to Valaparai
and other stricken cities for dis
bution through the American dip
natie and consular represenitatives
that country. The National S'ec
ary Magree sent dispatches to the
3sidents of 26 State branches of the
tanization asking them to issue ap
als for Chilean relief funds. Char
Hallman Keep, the National,
ensurer of the American Red Cross,
Washington. will receive cont ribu
ns from persons living in the states.
ieh have no red cross organiza
News in Blief.
l'here was a fight between two of
ith Carolina,s candidates for Gov
ior, Messrs. Jones and Brunson, at
eenville on Tuesday. Neither was
et in the fracus.
)n account of trouble between the
izens and the negro soldiers, Fort
own, in Texas, has been abandon
as an army post.
Favor Speaker Cannon.
Springfield. Ili., Special.-Before
SRepublican State Convention met
name candidates for Secretary of
ate. Superintendent of Public In
uetion and three trustees for the
ate Universitv. it was conceded
it Speaker Cannon would receive
3 emphatic endorsement as the Re
blean Presidential candlidate and
nator Cullom be endorsed for re
etion to the United States Senate.
Le resolutions will give the Roose
It's administration strong endorse
Civil War Feared.
'ape Haytien. Hlayti. By Cable.
e advies from Santo Domino, say
neral Guellito. at the hecad of 900
-olutionists, will join the troops of
neral Navarro and make:Z anU attack
on Monte (Christi. The gzovernment
Saunto Domiingo hias sent 1200 men
ainst the revolutionists. It is be
ied a desparate civil 'var will fol
pounty Local Option.
Columbuns. 0.. Specia.-The county
'al option has the centre of the
age. preliminar to te meting of
lJ:Drmocratie State Conenio and:
prospeets seemi to he very gZod
a fizht on the floor of the conven
mi over the subjct. The dCcisionl
1l probably rest with the county
leaswho have be~tun to appea3
d their position is iunknown.
Railway Men Meet.
-es of the Railwayr onducvtor' As
ein t ion of the Seaboard fr om Ral
.:h. ..Tar!:sonville., Birnmin'4ham. Sa
ninh. Atlanta. Amerieus. Monroe
(d Hamlet, arc in session behind
!sed doors in Portsmouth, pr epar in.
ne0w wage seale and rules governing
ndluctors, which probably will be
esented t-o President WXalter WXed
sdav. The conductors will ask for
increase in wages but the amount
In Brief e
MINOR MATTERS OF INTEREST
News h:s been sent out frn sa
lome Botello. Mex.. that
men were killed al t1at place i- a
big rock quarry being operated by
the National Railroad of 3Iexieo. An
tionio Perez the foreman of the quar
ry, was among the killed.
While the Polk county. Florida,
authorities were taking Will Law
rence, a negro, to Tampa to prevent
him being lynched, an infurated mob
at Mulberry, also in Polk county,
hanged John Bapes. a negro. and rid
dled his body with bullets. Bapes
attempted to kill Capt. Hughes. a
prominent white citizen. Lawrence
was charged with attempted criminal
assault on a young white woman,
General Manager Ewing of the
Dark District Tobacco Growers' as
sociation of Tennessee, has ordered
an advance of about 50 cents per 100
pounds ii the price of all medium
and good grades of dark leaf tobacco.
The order ap!ies to the whole of the
Dark district and is brought. about by
shortasoe andl unfortunate condition
of the growing crop.
In a difficulty at the Planters'
Chemical company plant, at Tallade
-a, Fla., J. G. Powell. assistant su
perintendent. was shot and killed by
Jim Sims, a negro. and P. T' Crown,
mperintendent. was shot through the
thigi1. The trouble was caused by an
impudent message the negro had sent
the superintendent. Powell's father
Lives ia Houston. Texas. and Crown
is a VirginiaD. The negro escaped.
A report has been circulated of a
itched battle in a Colorado Southern
!onstruction camp, 15 miles west of
jakdale in which five whites and five
iegroes were wounded. several fLa
ally. The sheriff has sent deputies
:o the scene, but as it is remote from
ailway and telegraph lines, details
irie not yc obtainable.
President Roosevelt wrote a letter
:o Congressman James E. Watson. of
Rushville, Ill., urging the election of
i Republican House of Representa
.ves in crder to avoid economic dis
ster from 'he country.
The Gould Western Pacif e system
s extending its lines into Oregon.
There ara prospects that Alexandor
)owie and Voliva will patch up peace
The Demeerats of Illiifois are dis
)osed to is:ore Bryan.s expressed
vish and indorse him for President.
Vice-President Fairbanks w.as given
in enthusiastic reception at Fort Ben
amin Harrison, Indiana, where he re
iewed the troops.
''Bob'' Etheridge, a negro. was
;aken to the scene of his attempted
ssault on a child in South Carolina
uld shot to death.
The 16-year-old da'ughter of Geo.
~Vaddell, a North Carolina farmer,
was assaulted, strangled and thrown
nto a marl pit.
Charles F. Murphy, leader of Tam
nany Hall, says that he is for Jerome
f he is the choice of the convention.
The legislative committee wnhich in
restigated the 'XVilliamsburg Insane
asylum failed to agree and will sub
nit majority and minority reports.
Bids were opened in Washington
~or sites for Federal buildings in Fair
nont and Grafton, W. Va.
Mr. Gustavus C.:Jacobs, owner of
he Riverside plantation in Chester
ield county, Virginia, was killed by a
ick from a horse.
Dr. Lee B. Boyers, a physician, and
Dr. A. R. Badgely, a dentist, were ar
ested in fairmont, W. -Va.. charged
>y Dr. G. WV. Keener, an optician,
~vith performing a criminial operation.
A report of the chief clerks of the
~wo houses of Congress shows the
ppropriations of the last session to
are totaled $879.5S9,1S5.16. an in
~rease of $59.404.505.20 over the pre
rious year's budget.
Mr. Lewis P. Nelson. 87 years old,
>f Culpepper, Va., is dead.
The negro troops at Brownville,
'exas, have been ordered to a front
er post as a result of the recent shoot
~ng affray in which they "klled one
vhite man and wounded another.
The Isthm'ian Can:al Commission has
nv ited bids to furnish 2.500t Chinese
~oolies to dig the Paiinm etunal. pre
scribing ahuost prohibitive condit ions.
Dispatches from Chile sI ow that
the panie resulting from the earth- -
:uake has subsided, and Goyernment
is active in raking relief met.sures.
In an interview, Alexander Gueh
of saidi the (zar 's intentions ar~e good
but he is in ignorance of the real
Census rcports show that 242.52S
n'atives of Mary.land are nor. livina'
in other Srtte.
The Pasilie Mai Steatmshni Com
pan s sZticIe Mafnc:huria went
a:round oni a ree at Rnbbi sand.
oneC of the Hiawaiiian~ trou. and~ all
the passengers were ta 'n arshore.
Stewart Battle. telegraph operator
at ( ollier's Station. on the Adantie
(;a.; i .ie railroad, was killed by
lihtning while at work at his key.
The Cubani doverniment is .much
disturbed over the revolutionary
nmovemenit directed against President
WVilliamn Jeni::ius Bryan sailed for
hmte fronm Giberaltar.
Tunis. By Cable-A violent tornado
acompaniedl by a terrific hail storm
andl lightning killed c-ight farmers
and hundreds of head of cattle.