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There's one face you shall see no more;
Two weary eyes that you, perchance,
Have often looked in heretofore
Shall ne'er again return your glance,
And as you hurry through the strect,
You will not mark his absence there;
The stones worn smoother by his feet
Will never mis him. never care.
*ggs O0,0st S00*0000'
Old MalcolmN MacVean, for forty
long years village shoemaker in In
chonnen. looked out by his cottage
door in th- still morning, shading his
eyes from the sun with his hand. It
was a morning late in September,
and the sun having shone with un
precedented constancy for well-nigh
a whole month, the scant sheaves
were dotting the little fields every
where. And there was great rejoic
ing in - hearts and on .he tongues
of the tillers of the soil. For once
in the cycle of years IMchonnen had
bel'ad its reputation of being :-. wet,
cold, dreary "lace, where the fruits
of the earth could not ripen, but had
to be gathered green and sodden
from the fields year after year, and
gi-er to cattle baasts as winter fod
Now this mystery and great wastry
had often laid '-eavy or the soul of
Malcolm MacVeaLn. and he had prayed
over it. even wrestling.with the Al
mighty for the heaviness of the
blight that :eemcd to lie on the
strath he loved. But after forty
years he was no nearer solution than
he had been at the beginning, and
was forced to fall back upon Holy
Writ. "My ways are not your ways,
nor My thoughts your thoughts, saith
, Neither Malcolm nor any of his
grumbling nclghbors ever gave a
thought to the folly ol trying to cl
tivaLe farms in land that was never
-meant for it. of - Iwin corn and
planting potatocs on furrows that
were half the year under water, when
the burns ran in spate fromn the hills.,
and the -norass .th- :t the lock was
impassable even for the sheep. And
when the pe)oplc one by one dropped
away, felled by the scourge which
arose from these unhealthy condi
tions of life, they took no thought of
<he folly that had made a place of
human habitation there at all.
Who was first responsible for the
birth of Inc',nnen none could tell.
Sure it was very old, nestling there
in the silent,-close shadow of its en
cirling hills. The holses them
selves, with their gray walls and
overhanging eaves, would tell you;
and the ruined, empty. desolate cot
tages scattered here and there on the
loch side, and also further up on the
slope of Benachree could tell, too,
~that the place had fallen on evil days.
For looh~s it was picturesque
-enough, and in the summer they
would come in coach~es from distant
places of resort to see what they
Niled a typical Highland clachan
-(pronouaiced mostly as if it were
spelled clackan). and make little
notes in pocket-books, or thumbnail
sketches of the inhabitants and the
quaint nestling little homes. Then
they would write articles perhaps
asbout the depopulation of the High
lands, and give their own reasons
for the same, and voluminous cpin
ions not worth the paper on which
they were written: though they did
vwell enough for people who cull their
.koowledge from newspaper columns.
y ~For to know and understand the
Iuwardriess ~of life at Inchonnen it
was necessary not only to live there,
but to be a native of the soil. All
the dwellers at Inchonnen had this
inwardness of life at Inchonnen it
of them were poets though they had
never presumed to set pen to paper,
and had to dictate their rare letter
by word of mouth to Malcolm May
Vean or to the villagt schoolmaster.
And because the aloofness of their
lives and their nearness to the gr~eat
heart of Nature the people of In
chonnen were a people apart, silent,
mystic. ver; reverenlt, given 'to en
duirance, and 'i ary little to speech.
For hese reasons they were not
perhaps fitted to go out into the
w-orld and fight there with common
citizens5 of the world: and so in the
ordinary estimation Inchonnlen had
sent o-it mn.ny failures.
It was for one of them Malcolm
NacVean c-as lookir g that still, qu'et
miorning, shrding his eyes as they
roamed the long winding trail of
the white road. He had kept this
vigil at the dawning for well-nigh
twenty -areach morning with a
fresh access offaith and hope. Far
do-i.n th~e road he could see a moving
black speck, for, like a mirage in the
desert, it had deceived him often.
He took out his big old-fashioned
watch, and saw that it was just five
o'clock. an unlikely time.~ for any r'e
spertable trav.eler to arrive on foot at
a place so remuoteZ rt Inch'onnen. No
dioubt it was some "gangrel body,"
or one of the tinker women, with her
load of tins on her back. who had
fallen by the way with fatigue, and
slept under th-e &y brackens.
Hei stepped back to the little kitch
ca, laid some more peat on the iire
and swung the singing kettle back
from the smoke; thein, taking his
stout stick, set out for the road. I e
often took a walir in the mornirg be
fore the da's' work claimed him. and
nobody s' eing himii vonderedl or
thought it strang" Ac lready tle thin
few shl: ards in n onnen or .11.:
:auts to shamie them with their in.
As hie left the village behind and
came out on the treeless road the
wind seemed to spring up freshly
froma the hills, to stir his gray locks
uind fill his lungs with free vigor.
Tlhen he could see the flutter of skirts
ir. the far distance, and knew it was
ax woman approaching. Perhaps his
heart beat a little faster-it migh1
be the woman he wished to meet
erhat he had beeD disaDI~nted SC
I stood beside him yesterday
To take a last look at his faee,?
The weary frown was cleared away,
A peaceful smile was in its place.
The thousands in the streets rush on
Just as ther did when he was there,
And do not Know that he is gone
Ah, well' Perhans he doesn't care.
Asis footquieed, es seee
te- e eddw h s eslp
ofenc RETU Roh n a fm
freshness oft hswa ope.row
whence sheod escoe. Tnd is
before there was any possibility of
recognition, only something told him
the answer to his long prayer had
come at last. The ends of his plaid
fluttered in the wind, he had his bon
net in his hand, and his stout stick
under his arm so that he would not
be impeded, sa he came quite close
to her, she standing still in the road,
with her thin hands folded, a look
which cannot be described upon her
leIt was sad face, and weary-the
face of one who had been down in the
deeps of life, an had tasted its bit
te 'est cup. Yet she had left it a bon
nie, fresh lass, with the bloom of the
morning on her cheek, ad the light
of the sun in her eyes. It was not
for her to speak. She was not clever,
like the prodigal of old, to con a
moving- le-;son beforehand; she had
no words to pierce the heart of the
fait her thiad so frievusly offended.
But none were na-eded. The silence
about the made fitting environment
-ro: a mzo-nent of acute anguish.,
It was tLhe old mian who first found
ItEws a y wsa man, so ye are
Thcre wias a moving athos in
te hese bald eords. Elspet MacVean
shook as an aspen thivers in the
",Ay, father,"' was all she said, and
they looked at one another again in
that strange, deep silence. It was
feep enough and elastic enough to
bridge to gulfce the hintervening
years. He was not learned in snowl
edge of the morld from any experi
ence of his own, but his daughter's
story needed no telling. It was writ
large upon ier fo top to toe. Her
eyes ha -vept, her face had blanched
and grown thin and weary threh
oeen onrtehss hrporcoh
inthough wlas amng decethole,
tpoke bald wovrsy that wouldn
"Wyher,'a wae al .h sai, anth
niht?" looed atke anoherailny.
tha stranedeepa slence Iat night
b-eepi tenough an Iad etougheep
idge theakn gul ol hae intrveig
edg one :the rtherom any experi
e"eofhyw, but hi cknws drughters
tiaras upon yaed- toon tro toeHr
eyslair Its heen fac had blanched
anderow ithsben a wary rd and
feedin I'm ctme husks hor Iken oth
i"Y toug mclea hand detentl wle.
soke teerrty mkthth woudart
"IWhere naethn to teaIra thaea
nicht? he marryked hu~ly.? ese
then, itaird his~ eyesseemd ftom-ee
lness a t'thwelt mercilssy.po
her, face. rakn a dy E
"et It me nintre years nhear
ine. si But thee' somethen rd,"
shelair. Itrssiben ae had rodrmy
whtG'od m c forid Y aren welo."
It ha ahigverdicl whch yoeread
"Did whe mrary yeiss?"o the yarske
then anid who eyes seemed requtedhm
fatherly cae dweltcouldlessly thaton
oher ans. Whthwaprsnl
Shnere shook her he om-cm
Ha letn me say tregyars.n Ther
airer'dok. Had'e been seic
sne. might he' sidthting twee,"
yashe id pressnger hand itoerl
ide, chand' ,Ia coina ee teur
Godou forbid! the cases."com
haWe canset the haer pai thes
an' as his vrdicma wih clashrto
theawole dracea vista othe years he
had wied sHe hade, faterac forI
aethery care he oudlae world but
therthanse. Forat he wasnpresenear
inge, an tev"oehinhere."ial Mis
ry isiller sishn."Ese Me'a
"Ihad nohngogh," egmadin anser.
"Cothenos an se bee hase,o
-tis igt havte csaid tha sinx."nt
yersheha uchned herutep little,l
them tchaneiraown dor.Esptac
Veat'as threy sayl iny incher
father's Itusel be ifor sou, aykn'o
or reun Toher thir casthes."to
t"at dicanre sht. He oorrydins
altcolmagea when when hs od
mand sornear to limstn." i. n
hre nothigi the ide worlpd buta
ol yea, as eve woma hh hosia, ano
mysl; isaid urwin a'on
"oeat, t"youartu havecmebc, Efo
ne. is"s nte lpoi.
Hey quegkend heir steadps an lithe
an eenng graith. one aor plan
he btoaou then door. After Ma
shook was hed whe ody man fol
"owet him Tenxitl was the door
"She'i nsot~ iat Iong, M"alcolm.
such tac cof dher ife." hol
The athe fistoidee iwen doc
or? "i' a oa ohdn
"In about six weeks or so he stress
will come. I'll drop in as I pass by,
Malcolm: but it is little I can do for
Inchonnen's fell scourge."
When the old man re-entered the
cottag- Elspet turned to him.
"-Te says I am to dee, father; but
it winna be yet. zot this year nor the
next, you can tell him that frae nie."
"In the Lord's rime, lass," said
the old man rebukingly; but there
was a mist before his eyes.
The ner' morning his broken sleep
was dist rbed . by the swish of a
heather besom on the floor, and the
stir of much cleaning. And when
he drew the curtain of the box bed, in
which h' shut himself nightly in
total defiance of all the laws of
health, he saw that the place was
empty of all its meagre furniture,
and Elspet on the chair, with'a pail
of whitewash read:- to her hand.
"Mec:y me, lass, ye are beside ycr
sel'!" he cried with a gasp.
"Lie still or I bid ye get up: it's
jist five. At six the wa's will be
dune, an' ye'll get your breahfast.
It's the dirt o' twenty years,' she
added critically; "for what can a man
body ken aboot'a hoose?"
She spoke blithely, like one who
had gotten a new lease of life. And
she had. In some mysterious way
home had laid a healing spell on
Elspet MacVean, and in the midst of
her gladness she had no mind to
lie down a.id die as was expected and
predicted she would do.
The "something here" either dis
appeared, or remained in abeyance to
her strong will-certain it never
troubled her, and she lived to be a
comfort to her father to the day of
his death. Hers was a record of
deeds rather than words. As for her
neighbors, after they had gotten over
the first shock of their surprise, and
found what a different Elspet had
returned from the one who had gone
away, they bore her no grudgo, nor
did they cast her ill-doing in her
teeth. Just as her soul, for the
twenty years of her exile, had never
ceased to be in blessed bondage to
the memory of her father's righteous
example, so now it bore rich fruit in
a quiet life of service to God and
man. The woman who had sinned
and suffered became in the place of
her birth a succorer of mauy.-Brit
EN TlF1 C
A scientist says that if the earth
were birdless, man could not inhabit
it longer than nine years. All the
sprays and poisons in the world
would rot keep down insects, which
would eat up everything in the way
of living foliage and plant life.
J. P. Gra':es has bought the watel
rights on the Kettle Falls, on the
Columbia River, seventy-five mile;
wpLth of Spokane, Wash., and a 100,
000-horse power electric plant is to
be installed there. These falls are
among the largest in this souatry.
An interesting hygrometer is rmade
by dipping a strip of calico in :'. so
lution of one part of cobalt chloride,
seventy-five of nickel c 'ide and twen
ty of gelatine in two- hundred of
ater. The strip) is green in flue
weather, fading as 'noisture aIpears.
It is claimed by a medical autinri
ty that the wavering of an incanues
lent globe, the spluttering brightness
f the arc light, and the glaring
white of tne vacuum tube are the
agencies which already have made
eAmericans a "spectacled and
Some interesting experiments have
bee made to ascertain which woods
last the longest. It was found that
birch and aspen decayed in three
years, willow and chestnut in four
years, and elm and ash in seven1
years. Oak, Scottish fir and Wey
mouth pine decayed to the depth of
half an inch in seven years; larch
and junipe- were uninjured at the
end of seven years.
The medicinal qualities of pure
olive oil are numerous and are he
oming better known day by day. A
teaspoonful taken after each meal
will relieve constipation and dyspep
sa. Mixed with an equal part of lime
water it is invaluable for burns.
Poured into the eye it will remove
any foreign substance lodged there.
It is a sure cure for hang-nails: 1s
good for chapped hands; is excellent
rubbed over the whole body after
taking a bath, and is beneficial for
use in massaging a dry scalp.
There are thirty recognized thnera
peutic agents originating in the
slaughter pen, among these pep~sin
and pancreatin. There is a product
of the thyroid glands that is ema
ployed in t-eating cretinism, or idio
cy. Another is suprarenalin2, adapt
d to stopping the flow of blood in
delicate oper~tion.s. To pr~odu1ce one
00nd of this the glands of 100,000
seep ar'e required, but the pounfl( is
worth $5000. Oil extracted from the
wol of slaughtered sheep makes the
fnest emulsions. Anhydrous am
mronia is another important article
of commerce sent out in quantity.
Sardinie. was a wild placc in the
middle of the last century. A tr'av
gatskis. one before and another
behind. without breeches, shoes or
sockings and a woolen or skin cap
o the head. The women have no
te:' habiliments than a long wox
c2 gown and a woolenl cap. The
~asants always go armed to defend
themselves from one another, so that
taveling in the interior is extremely
unsafe without an escort: and it is
eevn dangerous for ships to send
their people on shore for water un
less they are well armed. In short,
the Sardes are the Malays of the
In Atchison there is a rule to call
the attentio:n of the sheriff to a slot
machine when you,. 10se five time izn
THE HUMMING BIRD.
hat a "boom! boom!"
sounds among the honeysuckles'
tying "Room! room!
Hold your breath and mind your
And a fairy birdling bright
Flits like a living dart of light.
With his tinv whirlwind wings
.lies and rests and sings!
A'l his soul one flash, one quiver,
Down each cup.
Ile thrusts his long beak with a shiver,
Drink; the sweetnes up:
Takes the best of earth and gos
Back to his heaven no mortal knows.
A heaven as sveet as the heart of a
Shut at ni-ht!
-Harriet Monroe, in St. Nicholas.
IT IS WELL TO THINK.
Mother was working in the flower
arden. "Harold," she said, "will
ou bring mother the big flower-pot
hat is in the shed?"
Harold ran to the shed, but soon
,ame back without the flower-pot.
'It is so big, I was afraid I would
ireak it, mother," he said.
"I can get it," cried Jennie, who
vas a whole year younger. And she
'an out and soon came back. wheel
ng the big flower-pot in Harold's
"I could have done that if I had
hought of that way," said Harold.
"Any one could do it after the way
iad been thought of," said mother,
but Jennie thought of the way."
The bandolire is a quaint toy, made
f two discs joined at the centre,
Lnd having a string wound between
hem. To play with it you hold the
ises in the left hand, and wind the
tring between them with the right.
hen. holding the end of the string,
'ou let the toy fall, and it will re
>)lve as the string unwinds. Just
efore the end of the string ii
'ached you give the toy a quick up
yard jerk, when the discs will begin
'evoling in an opposite direction.
The velocity acquired in the revo
ution will cause the toy to wind it
elZ up the string in an opposite way.
ad when a!rain allowed to fall it will
vin. itself again, tnd keep on thvm
> a" indefinite time, first unwind7
ng down the string arnd then wind'
' itelf up.
It is a very pretty toy, and is easily
ade out of almost any desired ma
*eria~ It has quite a history, in spite
). its simplicity, having been invent'
d,. a long time agos to amuse an
ast Indian princess. In 1'790 it was
irought to England from Bengal,. and
ecae the fashionable toy under
he name of "Quiz.."
From England it was taken to Nor
nandy,. where it was called "Jou
'ou," and it was not long until it be'
ame the rage in Paris. Indeed, ii
'as made of every kind of material,
om sugar to gold, and it said that
he Duke of Orleans made a present
f a bandolire, set with diamonds,
hat was valued at 2400 lires.
To-day, in France, the toy is called
LL'Emigr: nt," because at the time of
he French Revolution, when sc
many people were forced to emi
;;ate, the toy was much in favor
with the nobility.
Any boy can make a bandolire ioi
imself, and he will be sure to havs
lots of fun with it.-Philadelphis
TREAT FOR THE ORPHANS.
No inconsiderable number of mner
in New York City live by buying ut
tikets of admission to places o!
ausement and reselling them, at
advanced prices. on thle sidiewaik or
the evening of the pe:rfrmance
There is much complaint agains
hese. men. the newspapers 'hor'att
a tt--atroical rauanangr stat a crusade
against them. While calm consider
ttrion would sca:'cely' show their call
ng to be V.orIse than m~any. othe
iuinss coming within the limi
:iled "legitimate,'' man'y of thes'
run a'e not ovrrpsesn iln alp
-r-ree; and altogether' the gcnera'z
attitude towvard the ticket speculaC
tc'. is one of execration.
Recenly' the circus exhibiting i1
adison Square Garden gave the're
alar"Orpans' Day.'' the annua
rat prodd for the joy O'' tii
'alsscildrenO~ of the cit y.
o dlts were allowelI inside. es
teahrs and othei gnui dias (2
h litte folk. One wondered, there
fore, why tihe ticket speculators wer
i their usual place on the sidewaik.
A big policeman near' the door, ok
serving these men in conferene~
ket an e-'e on them. Presently 1:3
iniignionl burst bour' ds.
"Well," he elain'ed. "that'sa
dirt a trick as I've seen:
The ticket sp~elalitor's were "'ol
nering' the peanut mrket.
The Italian venders, whose enti;
stcks the ticket speculators ha~
oh, wer-e ordered to nu4t the UNc
I nuts into bags-the disgusted Po
licemen looking helplessly on.
The ticket speculators now lined
up on eachi side of the entrance, and
presen:.1- wagons and various vehi
cles carne runbling up. labcled
"Children's Aid," "Orphans' Aid,"
"Hlorne For Crippled Children."
As the little ones were put in line
and marched or hobbled or were car
ried across the sidewalk to the en
tranc . each one received a big bag
of peanuts, free.
"Well, now, I'll- Say. I take it all
back!" The big policeman offered
his hand to a speculator.
"What!" cried the speculator.
"Did you think we wanted to sell at
a profit to those little fellers that
ain't got anything at all?"-Youth's
A ,AMD TH1 XT LOVED OLIVE.
A few Years ago my little six-year
d wvas presented with :. young lamb
which was brought up by hand, and
which soon became a great pet. He
quickly grew to love Olive and her
itle )rother, and was often let out
of the pen where the sheep were
kept to become ..n interested partici
pant in all their romping games.
As he warm days of May came on
it becaine necessary to drive the
seep to at distant pasture. but Olive
Ileed so earnestly for her pet that
she was finally allowed to keep him
at home. .About the same time Olive
and her brother began to attend the
distric- school. The lamb, missing
both his four-l'gged and two-legged
d immeditely became very
lonesurom and inclined to stray from
fome. so that it was thought. best to
tio him to an apne-tree not far dis
a. r D(icany rebelled at
th in iniy and bilated incessantly.
One dCIh broke his rope, and we
ondhmin the~ back: roomr chewing
his c a:id p'eifdily standing by
oe*' old familiar dress, which hung
ir..: down up)n a nail.
Tbis e is an idRa: and, when
Dicany went bnek to the apple-tree,
re dr-ess went ten, and was hung on
a branch whe, c' h could reach it.
After this the Iamb stopped bleat
ing and led a very quiet and happY
life,.'carirn his rope with patience
in school hours. and bounding and
:i lmpin: with joy when the children
:-'urned at night.--Christia 1lau
THEi~ APETiTE OF A BIRD.
Whean an old-fashioned hoste'ss,
sv Answers. urges her guests to
eaatrthe conventional manner of
showin"' hospitality, and remarks.
"Why. vou haven't the appetite of a
b 'i'rd!" realiy speaks the truth,
'toug sh~e does not intend to.
The average man. if' he had a
i' appetite. would devour from
Tir'ty to thirty-one pounds of food a
day. which would be a tax on the lar
drof his hostess.
Rcntf experiments have proved
hat the average bird manages to eat
rout one-fifth of his own weight
ally with ease, if ho can get so muchi
iood: and in a wild state, though the
brd has to hunt for his daily proven
der. he is eatdig a large part of the
ime during the day, and manages
to get his full rations.
The smaller the bird,. the more vo
racious seems to be its appetite and
its powe:- of absorption. A German
scientist recently kept a canary under
observation for a month. The little
creature weighed only sixteen grams,.
'but in the course of the month it
managed to eat 512 grams' weight of
Ifood!' that is, about thirty-two times
its own weight. The bird must
therefore have eater. its own weight
in food every day..
An ordinary man with a canary's
appetite would consume 150 pounds
of food a day. But the canary is an
extreme case. The ordinary bird, in
ood health, will be satisfied with
one-fifth of its weight a day by way
Which Way Are You Going?
Some observant Frenchman has
very wisely said-"The stairway cf
time is ever -echoing with the foot
steps of those wearing wooden shoes
oing up-and those wearing pol
ished boots coming down." Bob Tay
lor aptly said-"The world goes
round and round, sonme go up and
some go down." In all spheres of
life and activity, some are growing in
strength and useflness, others are
losing their grasp upon "'the things
that are worth while." The question
for each of us to answer. is-whIen
w' e yo' "& i"g'-.Ve have been
c~osel wateili ~n lthasso, ared
soevr lriCn- ils "2' upo
-'lrt 'Tere is rno standstill
- You must' "move on.' one way or the
3 .icond. TIhe Lorces that carry you
Sup are--.abor, ch'.-enial, diligenice,
-sobiety, ec0'oomY, honest:y, trut
uinss iand pcrrsx orance. Td
a ae al isturdiy, '.ug:;cd, force~ul v i'
3Third. 'The Zs:neteCs '.,Lat let you
- :1pse on the dlown'ward pail ar:
i extra-a-mu,.n'. set:lf-ndeOnce, loe oft
oft fadSlserfiin'.me'2 a:'d "" -i
- hair'....-5onm:ern Cultivat e:'
- A Ters.e Sermnon.
e Perhaps the tersest sermon c-er
delivered wvas that by Dean Str.i n.
who taking as his te:. t,"H that ;iY
Ietn to the poor lendeth to the Lord.,"
Sbegan and ended thus: "Brethr'en. if
ou like the security, down with the
-.The temiper'ance committ.ee of the
Southern M. E. Conference reported
e in favor of a raie which would y ro
d Ihibit the use of tobacco ty loung
.. as Ors.
Keep Sheep in Condition.
When your sheep are in good con
dition make effort to keep them so
It is an awful hard job to get run.
down sheep in prime condicion again
Stick to the Sheep.
A writer hits the nail squarely on
the head by saying: "To make the
most out of 'sheep they must be
kept for a series of years. Some
years they will return a much better
profit than in others. but it is hard
to sell out and buy in at the right
Tho.-e "Kicky' Cows.
It is rather poor iolicy to ha.'e
a kicking cow in the dairy, and un
less she proves to be something ex
traordinary in the way of a "milk
machine." the cow stable would be
much better off without her, and the
milker's temper would certainly be
greatly relieved. The dairy needs
cows. not mules.
Apply a Good Fertilizer.
The value of vegetables depends
largely upon quid: growth, and if
crops are not growing well some
quick-acting fertilizer like nitrate of
soda, guano or poultry droppings,
should be worked into the soil close
to the roots. Frequent cultivation
cf the soil with the cultivator, rake
or hoe will often be all that is neces
Ground the Whole Corn.
At the Wisconsin station experi
ments were held to determine the
comparative value of whole and
ground corn for fattening pigs. On
an average 105 pigs required 5.16
pounds of feed per pound of gain
on a ration of dry shelled corn and
middlngs, as compared with 4.8
pounds required1 by an eqral number
ou a ration of corn meal and rid
diings. In other words, there was
"a saving of thirty-six pounuds of
fetd fol' ealch 100 pounids of gain
made by the hogs. This shows a
gan by grind'ng the corn to meal
of 9.9 per cent.. or. .ay, ven ier
cent. in round numberr. WhilJ, the
dre ct advarage from grinding corn
to meal was about seven per e lnt.,
in tlese experimets there was a
second advantage secured in that
the hogs getting corn meal made
more rapid gains than those fed
VInes ill 'the Barnyard.
The barn should never be built
near the house. and whcrev:-r . is,
t should he kept as sanitary as the
house itself. A country barnyard
should be as neat and tidy as the
dooryard. There is no teason why
vines should net grow over the walls
and fences. and treecs shade the in
closed animals. It is posible to ha.ve
lilacs and mock oranges .growing
around the barn as freely as about
the shrubbery. Thle animals ar'e not
any less ha ppy', and ene enu pick
great bunches for. o:nesz'f and
The D~ifl'rence in Uco-e.
At one of the wester's ;-a~itutos
a llpeaker ill dweliig upon th :e sub
ject of how" little diffe:e'ce there
was in the breeds of hog:: nowadays,
said: "So many people~ want to know
what is the~ best oreed of hogs.
There is no rquarrel now upon this
subject because when the hog is
dead and thn head and ears are
taken off. you can hardly toll one
breed from ainother. There is really
ittle difference between better
known pure bred hogs, but there is
a great difference between the pure
bred hogs and thle razorback. Do
not make friends with the razor
Use of Ccoal Ashies.
While coal ashes contaie no fer
ailizing value they are cer'taiinly use
ful on the farm and should be saved.
They are not entirely valueless in
the soil, for they will materially as
sit in1 making a stiff clay soil more
workable if well mixed with it. Tb'c
best use for coal ashes, however, is
in the filling inL of wet spots, sifting
them and usingr the fine ashes in thre
dust boxes in the poultry houses and
the coarser plortions for the making
of walks :alone or mixecd with gravel.
They may be uIsed to advantage as
a mulch around trees mainly for ihe
~upioso of keeping the soil moist
and keeping the gr'as: i'om growinig
Good Tonics For Swine..
In one of its bulletins the Arkan
sas station says tihat it is necessary
to keep accessible to hogs iomne
material that supplies lime and salt
to aid in bone-buildin;;, as :en appe
tizer, and to r'evw: intes;tinal par'a
sites. This inixture should he kept
in a stronn. box urotected from rain,
and'l the quantity and freqluenecv withl
wich pigs wlvsrau : ft:
fo)i:gUwing is I :1e mi:xtur 'c a?~ t wast
I as:e1't; cioUn :ai:., i'iar :undas;
vnhen o~'niartss, :md dry be.d t:'e<
r dust shlter ini witn e. :md
lags ldaz it wvii nm. heco:ne to:~
lT z C ~ v C' I'0 'i sj-U tin. upoX ,': .:
are kepbt. duzre:.; w~nar upont som:
brus are "ro *i'-* with ::ny men.:
fo' ventilati~o.,, a. c'ernsequently thb
aua impa:-I', ecaily du;~!'rin:; t'n
uarteis a'e n't ke clean. or,
least, not "'s chIa aitthey shocik be
J)ring tbe - . i " er :t, wheItn th
results in a condition of affairs bet
ter imagined than expressed in
words. The manure is often piled
in such places and in such q-antities
that the inevitable results is the
contamination of the air in the
cows' quarters. The barn yards are
often quaking quagmires that can
not be crossed unless one wears high
rubber boots or is on a raft.
Look Out For Weak Fowls.
At this season of the year it pays
to look the flock ove': carefully and
to week. out any hens or chicks that
are not promising. One will find
many that are not sick, but are of
a nature that grows slowly and are
not at all likely to amount to much
at the next laying season. See to
it that such birds are not sick, but.
if they are in good. health get them
by themselves and prepare them.
for market in the manner that will
land them there at the smallest ex
pense, yet in the best -ossible con
They may need a little grain, but
it will pay to feed it and in enough
variety to give them a good appe
tite for the corn which is to fatten
them off. * Too many of these birds
which will not amount to anything. *
are raised yearly, and the- 'wofst of
the plan is that their eggs are used,
to a greater or less extent, for breed
ing, and a race of undesirable birds
Care of Sheep.
Sheep should be turned out every
pleasant day for exercise and fresh
air. Do not expect them to get a
living from the frost-bitten grass
that they may find, as a little of it
will not hurt them and may do them
good, but it cannot be a nourishing
I food. A few oats, a little bran, and
If their roughage is of inferior qual
ity a little cornmeal every day will'
do them good, helping them to bring
beter lambs and grow more wool..
Plenty of water where they can go
to it as they please, for when on dry
feed they like to drink little and of
ten, and they want it always clean.
A sheep will go loDg without water
rather than to drink that which is
not clean. Give them bedding
enough to keep their sheds dry and
clean, and plenty of pure air. Cold
does not hurt them when they have
on their winter coats, but keep them
dry, with thv fleece free from rain
or snow. If there are any weakly
I ones separate them and give better
feed for a time. Allow no crowding
through narrow gates or docrs.
Culture of Vines.
The first point to notice in vine
culture is the difference between
prmanent and ternporfgry vines.
The woody ones like ampelopsis,
Virginia creeper and wistaria, which
ought to last a lifetime, are natu
rally slow to start. They an~, in
fact, comparable to trees in this
respect as well as in cost and the
thoroughness with which the soil
should be prepared for them. Since
their roots are to go twenty or thir
ty feet deep or more, the poor soil.
to a depth of four feet should be
trown away and replaced by good
soil, and the ground should be liber
ally provided with well-rotted 'ma
nure or with commercial fertilizers.'
If properly planted the permanent
vines will require no attention for
the first two years excep'. a little
pruning. .After that time the strong
growers must be kept within proper
bounds. It is usually easy to keep
vines in good condition by cutting
them back a few feet every year.
Nearly all of the permanent 7ines
Iwill stand any amount of pruning
except wistaria wvhich does best if
'allowed to grow year after year
The commonest mistake in prun
ing vines is to allow them to grow
for five or six years without any.
pruning whatsoever. This is why
you see on porches everywhere vines
that are top-heavy, i. e., which have
a mass of foliage at the top and
scarcely any at the base. This is,
1of course, absurd, for the purpose
of. growing vines is to screen un
sightly buildings and it also has the
disadvantage on a porch of furnish
iug a hiding place1 for mosquitoes
and of littering the porch with leaves
which fall before their time.
If vines are headed back from.
one to four feet every year from the
seond to the eighth year, it should
Ibe entirely unnecessary to sweep the
porch every morning so far as fallen
leaves are concerned. The reason
why these leaves fall in July and -
August is that a top-heavy vine is so
crowded that the sunshine can not
enter the mass of foliage and ripen
the leaves. The vines bear more
:caves than they can ripen and it
s those imper fcctly ripened leaves
that fall prematurd'Iy.
The next most important points
u vine. culture 'are to determine
nhther the vine needs artificial sup
port or not, and, if so, of what kind;
whether you want a' foliage effect
or a flowering effect, how high vou
want the vines to grow, and whether
ere is any danger of damaging
our property in any way.
For examnple. ampelosis requires
nosppr on any surface whatever.
It wll rowa hundred feet high,
a veranda as a Ilowvering vine which
os not grow so talL
Mo~rger, any ine that grows
twenty feet high or muore may cause
soet-ouble if it is grown dire.ctly
on1 a frms house. X ou may want
* reove the vines in order to paint
te hiouse. You can do this easily
ic any -;ind that requires artifi
c a' suport, but it is impossible or
LLicul t with anything that 'is self
supportLing like amlpelopsis.-In
Asa Dekluge, who has. been chosen
~idL of tht Apache Indiansb to sue
ce a Gce-onime;, is a graduate of the
Id~in ser~col at Carlisle, and has
-"-a inlee with his5 ti. -