Newspaper Page Text
Occurrences of Interest from
AD Over South Carolina
7MANY ITZiiS OF STATE NEWS
A Batch of Live Paragraphs Cover
ing a Wide Range--What is Gong
On in Our State.
Columbia Cotton Market.
Columbia Sept. 10-The cotton ma:
ket was steady. New crop cotton:
LmV middling.. .. .. ....... ..7 1-2
Strict low middling.. .... .. -.S
iMiddlitg.. .. .. .. .........
Middling.. .........--..S 1-2
Strict middling.. ..... .. ...S 3-4
4Good middling.. ........ ..9
Charlotte Produce Market.
Chickens-Spring.. .. ....12 to 25
Hens-per head .. .. ...... ..3.
Ducks.. ................ 23
Eggs.... .. .... ........21 to 22
R ve.. .. -. .. .: -- -- -.... 0 .
Corn... .... .. .. .. .......73 to 75
Cotton Sped.. ..- -. .... -2
Oates-Feed .. .. .. .. 47 1-2 to 50.
Oates-Seed.. .. .. .. ..55 to .u7 1-2
Baltimore Produce Market.
Baltimore. Md., Sept. 10.-Flour
Wheat: Weak; spot con-:ract 69
7-8 t ): Southern, by sample, 30 to
Weak: spot 54 1-2 to 3-5;
Sonimern white 58 to 59.
Oats: Barely steady; No. 2 mixed
34 1-2 to 35.
Ilye: Finn; No. 2 Western 63 to
Butier: Steady and unchanged; fancy
imitation 20 to 21; do creamery 2.5 to
26; do ladle IS to 20; store packed
15 to 16.
Eggs: Firm, 23.
Cheese: Active and unchanged, 13
to 13 1-2.
Negro 102 Years Old Attempts Maur
St. George, Special.-Magistrate J.
W. Cummings of Harleyville, commit
ted to jail Friday Caesar Sheppard,
colored, aged 102 years, charged with
attempts and threats to kill Mr. J.
W. Infinger a respectable white citi
zen of the Harleyville section of this
county. This old negro has already
served five terms in the penitentiary
for various offenses, including hog
stealing. He has already expressed a
willingness to be sent to the peniten
tiary, and upon his return each time
expresses himself as being highly
pleased with'his trip, and on his way
to jail Friday he told the constable
in whose buggy he was riding, to
.please drive a little faster as he was
anxious to get there, and that on
his last trip he was made a (trustee)
"trusty'' at Clemson college, where
lhe cooked and waited on the "boys."
Young Lady Accidentally Shot.
Greenville, Special.-Miss Lucile.
Hladdon, a beautiful young woman
about 19 years of ag~e, daughter of
Mrs. Sarah E. Haddon, met death in
a most shocking and tragie manner
early Thursday afternoon. She was
shot through the heart by the acci
dental discharge of a pisr~ol which
evidently fell to the floor while she
- was removing several articles of
<-lothing from a trunk. Miss Haddon
* had only a few minutes befo::e return
ed from shopping and while out she
bought a bottle of gasoline to cleaen
a skirt. She went io her .room and a
fewv mo'mems lates the report of a
pisiol wvas heard. When the mem
b)ers of 'the family reached the room
he youngr woman was lying on the
floor gasping for breath. She never
Seeretarv of the Chamber of Com
merce E. B. Clark has received so
many applications for the "Condens
ed Facts About Columbia,'' which
the chamber has been issuing, that
about 2.000 copies have been distrib
uted. The distribution has not been
broadcast in a worthless sense, but
has covered ten States and the pam
phlets have been sent to bona-fide in
qunirers. The next advertising book
'Columbia as a Tourist Hotel Re
sort,' has been prepared and will be
Death of Mr. Parrotb.
Scranton. Special.-Mr. B. Parrott
died Tuesday at his home, a few miles
from town after several days' illness.
He was abouit 73- years of age, and
servedl faithfully in the War Between
the Sections. The remains v-ere buri
ed at High Hill oemetery with Mason
ic rites. A widow and several child.
ren survire mmn.
A c'harter was issued to the Madi
son Lumber company of Madison,
Oconee county, the capitalization to
be $5.000. P. P. Sullivan is president
and ireasurer and J. S. Rice, manager.
A commrnission was issued to the cor
porators of the Garren Electric comn
pany ot Coinmbia, canitalization to be
$10.008. T!:5e interested are Luther
-Gnurren. 1-. R. Brooks. .Jr., and S. T.
A\ chaZrmy we iSued1 to the MceCor-!
iem and Lumb w~. ~e~V comany
S. Faurn'e"n" h.E Lgn
The Scot Lam-itr (omnanu'. *r
000. was gives :r r. Alex Seout
mi~ Georg Lu=4.:li v-zsurer.
SOUTH CAROLINA CROPS
Condition of South Carolina Crops
For Week Ending Monday, Sept. 3,
1906, as Given Out by tha De
Early in the week the weather was
.eierally cloudy and sultry, but the
last three days had ample sunshine.
The mean temperature was aoove
normal, although there was no exces
sive heat. The nights were compara
tively cool during the middle of thd
week, but were again hot as the week
ended. The State range of tempera
ture was from a minimum of 60 de
grees at Liberty and Walhalla on
August 28th, maximum of 94 degrees
at Blackville, Bowman and Summer
ville on August 31st. The tempera
ture conditions were quite favorable.
Excessive precipitation was noted
early in the week at widely separated
places, with the heaviest rainfall in
the northwest and north central coun
ties, while the central counties had
the lightest rainfall. Heavy local
rains fell in Abbeville, Orangeburg,
Pickens, Spartanburg, York and
Union counties; Calhoun Falls re
ceived 6.64 inches, Bowman 5.61 in
ches, Liberty 3.54 inches, Spartan
burg 6.52 inches, Yorkville 4.31 in
ches. Rock Hill 5.38 inches, Santuc
3.32 inches. These heavy rains covei
ed comparatively small areas and fhe
average precipitation was below nor
mal, although the soil continues to
have apiple moisture in all parts of
Cotton Damage in York.
Rock Hill, Special.-There. is no
doubt of the fact that the cotton crop
in this section has been greatly dam
aged by the excessive rains for the
past week. The wet weather is eaus
rig the green bolls to rot. pecil.ly
those that are beginning to open. As
soon- as the bolls begin to crack open
they turn black and great quantities
of them are dropping off. Mr. W. S.
Thomasson, who lives near the city,
was showing a number of full de
veloped and matured bolls on the
streets that he took from his field.
They had turned black and would
have dropped off the stalk in a few
more days. Mr. Thomasson reports
that his entire crop is affected in this
same way and the same reports come
from all other sections of the country.
Dies For Want of Medical Aid.
Anderson, Special.-Baxter Hayes,
the little boy who was refused medi
cal attention by his parents on the
ground that they could cure thir son
by divine healing, died here. The case
has excited great indignation in the
city. Hayes is an itienerant preacher.
He believes in the doctrine of faith
cure. He refused to let a physician
attend the suffering boy, seeking to
save him by means of prayer. The
statute law provides no remedy for
cases of this kind, but prosecutions
will probably follow, as it is believed
that the common law provides ade
quate punishment under the general
head of "neglect and illegal treat
Two White Men Arrested.
Lau rens, Special-Will Kern and
Jule Gillespie of Youngs township
were landed in jail on a warrant
sworn out by Mr. Sam Burnett, also
of Youngs. charging the two men
with grand lareeny. Both the ace-us
ed men are white and they are charg
ed with stealing a mule and a buggv'
from Mr. Barnett in the upper part
of the county. last Sunday nigtht. dlur
inz services. The men and team were
captured near Hendersonville by a
party of fox hunters. It is saiid that
Kern and Gillespie showed fight when
caught up with andi some shots were
fired. The sheriff was with the fox
hunters atnd took charge of the men.
who were brought to Laureuis.
Hon. R. E. Allison Dead.
Lancaster, Special.-Hon. R. E.
Allison. the eldest member of the Lan
easter bar, died at his residence at
this place. Mr. Allison was one of
the ablest civil lawyers in the State.
He was born in York county. hut has
lived in Lancaster since 1356. He was
a member of the legislature for sev
eral terms in the 80's. -He was a
consistent member of the Methodist
chui-ch, living up to his profession,
and was active in church work most
of his life. He was highly esteemed
by all who knew him andl will be
greatly missed. He was 76 years of
Negro Ground to Pulp.
-Spartanburg. Special.--Elbert Ro
land, a negro fr-onm Roebuck, was run
over by a shifting zngine in the
(Ch1arleston and Western Carolina
railroad yards here and was litrally
grolund~ to pieces., The man was mu-I
tilated in such a manner as to make
it a hard job to colleet his remains.
He was gro indlt beyond~ r*eogn~it ion as
a human being and resem'bled a mass
of sausage meat.
Drowned in Catawba.
Fort Mill, S. C., Special.-Joseph
'Vaca. a Spaniard working at the
Charlotte Briek Company's plant,
was drowned in the Catawba river
there. He was sitting on a limb over
the wvater fishing when the limb broke
and precipitated him into the water.
He was unable to swim. Four Ger
mans were near in a boat and tried
to rescue him, but his body has not
been recovere.d vet.
Negro Shot and Killed.
Greenvile. Special.-Jim Blassin
tame was shot and killed hy Tom
Whitmire at the Southern passenger
station in the heart of the city. Both
negroes wer eimplo'.es of the South
ern. Whitemire who was a cook for
a train crew iade his escape after
the shooting. The figzht was over a
diiSreputable white woman. The au
thor-ities are now in search of Whit
ARRESTS ARE MADE
Developments in Connection
With Trust Company Wreck
PROSECUTIONS WILL FOLLOW
Promoter Segal and Two Officials of
Wrecked Real Estate Trust Com
Pany, Treasurer North and As
sistant Treasurer Colliniwood At
sistant Treasurer Collinwood to
3e Arrested, States District At
Philadelphia, Pa., Special.-District
Attorney Bell is authority for the
statement that warrants were prepar
ed for the arrest of William F. North
treasurer of the Real Estate Trust
Company; M. S. Collingwood, assis
tant treasurer, and Adolf Segal, on
charges of conspiring with Frank K.
Hipple, the suicide president of the
institution, to loot its treasury. Se
gal is the promoter who borrowed
more than $5,000,000 from the bank
on flimsy collateral to finance his en
terprises. Horace Hill, the aged au
ditor, will not be arrested. He is 75
years old and broken in health. The
district attorney says he was a figure
head and a tool used by the looters.
Public interest in the investigation
of the defunct bank's affairs now cen
ters in the warrants which District
Attorney Bell says will be issued
for the arrest of the men implicated
with Frank K. Hipple, the suicide
president, in looting and wrecking the
institution. Abundant evidence of the
culpability of others besides the dead
president has been obtained, the dis
trict attorney says.
Two of the most prominent figures
in the investigation appeared before
District Attorney Bell and were Wil
liam F. North, treasurer of the trust
company, and Horace Hill, the audi
tor. Mr. Hill, who is an aged man,
was on the verge of collapse when ha
arrived at the bank and nervously in
quired of the newspaper reporters as
sembled outside as to why the district
attornev should send for him. Neither
he nor Treasurer North would consent
to be .interviewed. - Receiver Earle
announced that Adolph Segal, the pro
moter, whose extensive borrow es
were mainly responsible for the fail
ure of the trust company, had turned
over his entire interest in the Penn
sylvania Sugar Refinery. The plant
is heavily encumbered, however, and
Segal 's interest will be of little bene
fit to- the depositors.
The investigation of Receiver Earle
and District Attorney Bell has estab
lished the fact that President Hipple
was a partner with Segal in a num
ber of the latter's enterprises, and
that F. Wharton Hipple, his son, a
clerk in the bank, was the "dummy''
for his father.
Suit Over Ostrich Farm.*
Asheville, N. C., Special-Suit was
doeketed in Superior Court Saturday
entitled Karl von Ruck vs. the Ashe
ville Street Railroad Company, J. E.
Rankin and H. W. Plummer. Mer
riek & Parnard and Merrimon & Mer
rimon, ae-cording to the summons
docket, represent the plaintiff. The
suit has to do with the ostrich farm
that was once located in Asheville
and which proved a dismal failure.
While the complaint in the cause !has
not yet been filed and although the
attorneys representing the litigants
are reticent on the subject it is said
that damages in the sum of $20.000
or $25,000 will be demanded.
New York Prohibitionists Meet.
Binghampton, N. T., Special-The
State convention of the Prohibition
ists of New York will open at the
Tabernacle Methodist Episcopal
church here. It will be called to or
der by Chairman J. H. Durkee, of
Rochester, and Mr. Homer L. Castner.
who made a remarkably good run as
candidat~e for Governor in Pennsyl
vania and whom the Prohibitionists
of that State expect to elect this
year will be the prmecipal speaker. A
full ticket will probably be nominat
- Found Dead in Room.
Halifax, N. S., Special-A man reg
istered as "J. Jones,'' United States,
and who is thought to be from Rich
mond. Va.. was found dead in his
room at the Halifax Hotel with a
bullet in his head and a revolver
clutched tight in his right hand.
Medical examiners report the case
suicide. The man has been at the
hotel for two weeks. He was about
40 years of age.
Savannah Labor Day.
Savannah, Ga.. Special.-An added
interest was given the Labor Day
celebration in Savannah by the pre
sence of several hundred delegates to
the annual convention of the United
National Association of Post Office
Clerks. The .convention held a brief
i"on to formally organize and then
mit the ,k;e::tes mo ;riew the
:.,de andt enjoy the Labor Day yes
N~o General of Society Yet.
Rome. Italy. By Cable.-Delegates
from the Jesuit order throughout the
world. assembled here for the purpose
of selecting a general of the Society
of .fesiu.. in succession to Father
Martin, deceased. took a number of
ballots, but so far without result.
The Pope, it is statedl. is using his
influence for the elevation of Father
Fre-dA, an Talian, to the office.
10 ENFORCE FOOD LAW
Bureau of Chemistry Plans Incirease
of Its Laboratory Facilities at
Chief Ports-No Money Yet Avail
Washington. Speci..-As the result
of the new pure food law. whih goes
into effect .Janiiary 1 next. the De
partment of Agriculture is making
preparations for the increased labor
and equipment involved in its en
forcement. The working forces and
the appliances of the laboratories at'
Philadelphia, Chicago, Baltimore and
New Orleans will be largely increased,
while at the ports of New York and
Boston there will be erected new lab
oratories in which to conduct the
necessary examinations of all food
products coming into this country.
Plans for these latter buildings have
been approved by Dr. Wiley. chief
of the Burcait of Chemistry, and See
retarv Wilson doubtless will coincide
with the ideas of Dr. Wiley. There
is no money available for the con
struction of these buildings, but the
Secretary of Agriculture has been as
sured that it will be forthcoming at
the next session of Congress.
Furthermore. assurances have been
given that the money necessary to ex
ecute the pure food law, through the
employment of inspectors, and the
necessary clerical force, will be pro
Stensland Tells of Looting.
Chicago, Special.-A dispatch to
The Tribune from Tangier says:
Stensland's confession clears up much
of the mystery surrounding the ev
ents leading up to the crash which
involved the ruin of the Milwaukee
Avenue Bank. He took much of the
blame upon himself, but -leclared that
Cashier Hering was a forger and that
Hering got most of the money. He
exonorated his son, Theodore, .id the
bank directors. He pronounced it a
lie that he had spent the noney on
Leone Langdon Key or any other wo
man. He deplared he never spent
r-re than $5,000 a year himself. ands
that all the money he stole he put
into real estate or investments in the
hope of "making good" before leav
ing Chicago. He hesitated some time
between suicide. and flight.
Nab Mexican Revolutionists.
Tuezon, Ariz., Special.-Collis
Humbert, a Frenchman, and Leonardo
Villareal and Bruno Trevino, Mexi
cans, were arrested at Mowdy and
Patagonia minig camps, where mainy
miners are employed. The a rresv
were made by Immigration Inspaesor
Murphy and Rangers Olds and Clark.
It is charged that the men are agita,
tors who were attempting to organ
ize a force of Mexican miners to at
tack Nogales, Sonora. Letters found
on the prisoners show that their plans
were direced by Mexican revolution
ist leaders at St. Louis. The letters
also indicated that the revolutionists
have organizations in 40 diries and
that they will become active as soon
as they cean secure arms. The sileg
ed agitators are in jail at Nogales,
Bryan to Visit 'chicago.
Chicago. Ill., Special.-Final ar
rangements for the reception of Mr.
Bryan have. been completed at a joint
meeting of representatives of the Iro
quois and .Jefferson Clubs. Mr. Bryani
is expected to arrive at S8:30. At noon
he will be the guest of the Iroquois
Club at luncheon and is 6xpected to
make a short address. In tihe even
ing lie will attend the banquet of the
Jefferson Club where his principal ad
dress will be deliverred.
London. By Cable.-Four men were
killed and eight seriously injured by
an explosion on the Russian armored
cruiser Rurik, building at Vickesrs
Maxims Works at Barrow. The acci
dent was attributed to contact of a
lighted naptha. amp with inflammable
gases in the tank where the men
Minnesota State Fair.
Minneapolis, Minn., Special.-The
Minnesota State Fair opened with a
satisfactory crowd for the first day.
The exhibits in the agricultural, hor
tiultural, manufactures and other
departments are of the finest, and in
the stock department the pens are
rowded with prize-winning animals.
An excellent race track, large strings
of horses and purses aggregating as
much as is usually offered for a grand
iruit meeting insures excellent en
tertainment during the week.
.Good Roads Convention.
Chillicothe. Mo.,Special--Many dele
gates arc attending the Inter-state
Good Roads Convention which opened
here. Practical demonstrations in
good road making were the feature of
the opeing day. Governor Folk, Sen
ator Stone and President Jesse of
the Smnte iversity was sIated to ad
dress the conve:1tion later in the week.
New York. Special-Secretary Taft
has sent a letter to the management
of the Tobacco Exposition now in
progres. in which he wrote that it
should ;e shown "to the members of
the trade at the exposition what I
think can esainly be showni that the
passage of a proper Philippine tariff
bill wvill not in substantial way in
terere with the tobacco trade in the
Congressional Interest in Roads.
The closing hours of Congress
were enlivened by a number of good
roads speeches. in the course of
which the necessity for government
aid in improving the public high
ways was brought out in no uncer
Lain manner, writer the Washington
correspondent of Automobile. Rep
resentative Bankhead. of Alabama,
in a very able address. declared that
to his mind the condition of the
wagon roads, over which ninety per
cent. of- all the commerce of the
country is transported, presented a
problem for legislation by Congress
far more serious and Important in
its results than that of railroad reg
ulation. There Is no necessity, he
said, for making an argument to
prove the value of good roads. They
save worry, wasto and energy. They
economize time, and labor and mon
ey, and enhance the value of prop
erty. Hb pointed out that it has
been estimated that every time the
sun sets the American farmers have
lost $1,500,000 because of the condi
tion of the roads. Representative
Bankhead produced a set of figures,
showing the cost of hauling per ton,
horse power, over dirt roads five
miles, was $1.25, and that sum will
pay the freight for 250 miles on a
railroad.or 500 miles on a river and
1000 miles on the lakes. These fig
ures prove conclusively the enormous
tax levied by the bad roads on the
farmers, and how much of their leg
itimate profit is consumed in hauling
from their farms to railroad stations
and river landings.
The speaker declared that the
question of governmental road con
struction had been successfully tried
for nmany years in other countries.
Representative Lloyd began his
speech by saying that he indorsed. the
statement of a prominent citizen who
said that he could tell the intelli
gence and progress of the people by
the condition of their roads. The
wag on the streets said in reply:
"Then judge our people when the
weather is dry." He then went on to
call attention to what the Federal
Government has done, is doing, and
what it may do to encourage road
improvement. In his judgment the
Bureau of Public Roads in the Do
partment of Agriculture is one6of the
most important branches of public
service, and from it incalculable ben
efit may come. This great service
thus far has been somewhat over
looked, and its Vork has not been
fully known or properly appreciated.
One step in the onward movement to
give the country better roads is to
encourage the development of the
road department of the Department
of Agriculture ify enlarging the scope
of its labors, increasing its force of
expert engineers and specialists and
bringing it more in touch with peo
ple, so that they can re'ceive mbre
of its benefits by practical demon.
stration of its real value.
Interesting Road Figures.
Believing that improved highways
are necessary for the continued pros
perity of automobiling, the American
Motor Car Manufacturers' Associa
tion will provide for a department
haing road matters in charge. In
formation i-eceived at the headquar
ters this week from Logan Waller
Page, director of the United States
Department of Agriculture, gives
some interesting figures -of the
amount of new roads which hav'e
been recently built, together with the
total number of miles. The major
portion of the States have less than
ten per cent. of their roads improved,
a wretched showing for a civilized
Tennessee has 48,989 miles of pub
lic roads, or one mile for every forty
one inhabitants, of which only about
nine per cent. has been improved.
Virginia has 51,812 -miles, of which
1600 miles are Improved, giving but
one mile o'f Improved roads to every
1158 Inhabitants; North Carolina
has 49,763 miles; Oregon, 34,258
miles; Iowa, 10.2,488 miles; Arkan
sas, 36,445 miles; Arizona, 5-987
miles; Alabama, 50,089 miles; Wash
ington, 31,998 ~miles; New Hamp
shire, 15,116 .miles. In most of these
States there is one mile of ordinary
road for every twenty-five to thirty
five inhabitants, but of improved
roads, only one mile for anywhere
from 471 to 1255 lfthabitants, a dis
coragingly small proportion.
A Crging Need.
One of the greatest needs of this
country is good roads. The coun
tries of Europe have better roads
than we have. Thousands of wealthy
Americans go to Europe every year
to run automobiles over the good
roads there. This is not a pressing
reason why we should have them,
but it is a pointer to our condition.
We need good roads most especially
for the sake of the farming commun?
ty. They would enable the farmer
to get to market better. He could
save money and time by drawing
much larger loads. The saving in
this respect, the country over, would
amount to millions of dollars every
year. Good roads would bring us
practically closer to our neighbors.
Ihey would add to~ our convenience
nd comfort in many ways, besides
increasing the value of our lands.
Some sections now have fairly good
roads. Others are wretchedly pro
vided. All could make decided im
provement. Nothing tells more tor
n agricultural community than good
How is This For High.
Senator Clay, of Georgia, was once
showing a constituent' the sights of
.he National capital when the Wash
ington Monument was reached.
"What do you think of it'?" care
lessly asked the Senator, as the con
stituent stood gazing in awe at the
Senator," responded the Geor- I
gan, gravely, "that the darnedcst,
highest one story building T've ever
SOUTHERN * f
TOPICS OF INTEREST TO THE PLANTj
The Clover Crop.
It is not advisable as a rule to
cut a crop of clover seeded in the
spring for hay. In a very wet seas
on it will sometimes be the better
practice to do this, but as a rule
light pasturing late in the fall after
it has become well established will
be the better practice. Grazing helps
to keep the growth in check and
throws more strength into the roots,
and of course if you can get a good
strong rootAdevelopment, the chances
are that you will maintain the stand
through the winter and get an ex
ceptionally godd c&op of hay the
One can certainly damage his
ground by plowing it too wet. The
soil is very much like a sponge. You
observe that when the rainfall is.
abundant the ground becomes wet
and soggy, as it were, and if you
plow it in this condition, the parti
cles of rock of which it is composed
are run together and form a hard
lump or. clod. It takes a great deal
of work to break this lump of soil
up, though of course severe freezing
will help to pulverize . it. But you
can never count on getting a freeze
to do the work just at the right
time, and by plowing your land wet
.there is great danger of putting it in
bad mechanical condition, and we all
realize that a soil in good tilth will
certainly grow larger crops because
it is easier to cultivate, and the
plant roots and moisture can pene
trate it with greater ease. Land
should never be plowed when so
wet that it will not fall in a flaky
condition from the moldboard as it
Is turned over. Winter plowing
where the water follows along in the
furrow is a great mistake. You are
simply sleeking over: and compact
ing the subsoil and making . hard
pan, as It were, at a depth of 6 or 8
inches through which the roots of
plants can hardly. penetrate, and
your soil is so shallow that instead
of making a great reservoir for wat
er to supply the needs df the grow
ing crop next season, you only have
a little shallow surface, say .from 6
to 8 - inches deep, from which the
plant must draw by far the larger
part of its supply of moisture. Deep
thorough tillage and the opening of
the pores of the soil is the proper
policy to pursue and wet plowing
will never favor the development of
these very desirable conditions in
If your ridge woodland is at all
fertile why not try a mixture of or
chard grass,, blue grass and white
clover. This will make you an ex
cellent pasture if it does well. ~The
trees and underbrush should be
thinned out before seeding and the
seed cover with a light harrow. No
grazing should be pernlitted during
the first season. If your land will
not grow these tame grasses the next
best thing fou can do is to try Ber
muda, though it will not prdve satis
factory in a semi-shaged pasture.
Bermuda will at laast cover the
ground in the course of time, will
prevent erosion anid will furnish a
good deal of desirable grazing from
four to six months of the year in
Potash and Phosphate Essential.
According to tests made at the va
rious Southern ezperiment stations
and by farmeri themselves who have
bought high grade fertilizers of
known quality from reliable firms,
potash and phosphates are especially
valuable to the Southern farmer when
land is well supplied with vegetable
matter through the medium of barn
yard manure . ort green crops. The
fact that fertilizers' frequently prove
unsatisfactory on the farm is direct
ly due in nearly every instance to
the farmet buying something which
is not what it is represented to be.
For example, he frequently buys acid
phosphate which is said to contain
twenty or twenty-five per cent. c'
phosphoric acid, but of this amoiur.
probably only twelve or fifteen per
cent. is available, the remainder be
ing reverted citrate soluble or in
soluble, etc. But as he is unfamiliar
with the terms used in an analysis of
acid phosphates, he is not in a posi
tion to buy intelligently .and so is
deceived. He finds the fertilizer un
satisfactory and therefore concludes
that acid phosphate is of no service
on his soil. He might possibly have
the same experience with potash or
with nitrogen, and yet in every in
stance his conclusions would be en
tirely wrong. It is to the interest of
the-farmer to inform himself on these
points and only to use high grade
goods of guaranteed quality and put
up by the most reliable firms. Cheap
goads with a low percentage guaran
tee of plant food are always unsatis
factory on the farm and it is the gen
eral use of these that causes so many
people to be dissatisfied with com-j
muercial fertilizers. All soils of the
The peach crop on the Maryland
Delaware Peninsular is said to be
2,000,000 baskets short.
Vice-President Fairbanks made an
address at Osawatomie, Kan., at the
celebration of the fiftieth anniversary
of the battle of Osawatomia, in which
John Brown was a central figure.
A number of vessels were driven
rshore and wrecked on ~ the Great
There is a prospeet that Rev. Ru-|
dolph Meyer. of St. Lewis, may be ,
ehosen Gener-al of the Jesuit Order'
at the approac-hing conlventionl inl
The funeral of General Vo".liar
lierski took plac-e in War-sawv and ex
traord-tinary precautions wer-e taken to
Alabama held primaries to nomi
nate candidates for Chief Justice, two
United States Senators, two alter
nate Senators, three Congressmen and
a full Sita tickt.
ARM * fUTES. ,
R, STOCKMAN AN yRUC* GROWER,
South respond more or less freely to
the use of fertilizers. On all the soils
nitrogen is needed, though more in
the form of cowpeas and bainyard
manure, that is something that will
give humus to the soil and put it in
condition to respond to the use of
potash and phosphates. The sandy,
lighter soils of which there are large
areas, respond freely to the use ,of
potash, and to phosphates as well.
All soils cultivated in orchards and
gardens should be liberally supplied
with potash in particular.
There are three things on farms
that are abominations.
The three are mean teams,- rusty
tools, and crooked rows. These three
evils are the farmer's own fault. A
good team can be had at any price.
.If you have a "run-away" team
you have yourself to blame. They
show their "raisin'." Treat them
kindly and they will treat you right.
A team that you cannot trust is not
a team for the farm.- Get rid of
Get first-class tools and keep them
in first-class condition. You have
seen while out in the country a plow
here, a harrow there, and a cultiva
tor yonder, and mowers and binders
in the shade of a tree.
Won't there be a hppy time when
the farmer who left his tools and ma
chinery out in the weather starts -to
farm? Won't his old Pow "shed"
the soil rapidly?
Won't his-cultivator shovels work
smooth? Well, I guess not. It will
take several days' scouring and in
that time he has lost more religion
than he can get back in a year's
time. Keep tools in the shelter.
Some farmers make ' rows so
crooked that they cannot follow
them and -they. blame the team, the
tools, "the old boy" and all things on
earth except the man who laid off
Straight rows, tell the world you
love to farm and you love -ft enough
to give your best attention t6 keep
the rows straight. Keep your rows
on a bee line on a level plece:of land
or comparativb.; so. If landhas ter
races follow 'then.
Three points more and T am done.
Get a good team. Get -oixa tools.
Make straight rows and see how
much easier it is to farm.-R. D.
Martin, in Gastonia Gazette.
Wheat Land For Cowpeas.
D. F. D., :Boxwood, writes: I want
to follow twenty-five .acres of my
wheat land with peas and four acres
with alfalfa, and would like to k~now
what would be the best fertilizer to -
Answer-Fertilize the wheat land
intended for peas with 200 pounds of
sixteen per cent. acid phosphate and
twenty-five .pounds murlate df pot
ash per acre. The land Intended for
alfalfa, should be sown. in peas and
fertilized like the balance. The peas
on this land should be tur~ned' under
as deeply as possible about the first
of September, and if the- subsoil is
very close and conipact It would be
well to break it up. Prepare a fine
seed bed by thorough surface tillage,
an~d compact the soil with .the.roller.
Inoculate the alfalfa with soil or with
an artificial culture. If alfalfa Is
growing successfully in your vicinity,
100 pounds of- soil per acre from an
old field will be enough to insure in
with the seed, which should be sown
at the rate of twenty pounds per
acre. Before seeding the. alfalfa, -
broadcast or* drill in 30.0 pounds of
sixteen per cent. acid phosphate and
100 pounds of muriate of potash per
acre. If the land seems acid, which. '
you can determine by testing with -
blue litmus paper, apply lime at the
rate of twenty-five bushels per .acre.
The lime could be applied. to. good
advantage before seeding the peas
though it may be put on' after the
peas have been plowed down. ' Pur
chase the unslaked lime in' suitable
boxes and drill in with the agrain
drill, or distribute through a manure
Useful Machinery For the Home.
Almost any farmer is always-glad
if he can purchase any kind 'of ma
chinery that will in any way lighten
and we commend It in every way,
but we' do not want thle women folks
to be slighted in th~is matter.' There
are any number of little contrivances
that are gdten up with the Idea of - -
doing away with at leastba part of
the labor in the farm home. -Look
anything helpful in any of them take
advantage of it, for the' women folks
appreciate, fully as much as the men,
anything which will in any way serve
to lighten their labors.
William Jennings Bryan was given
a tremendous reception on his arrivel
at New York, and in a speech gt Mad
ison Square Garden he gave: expres
sion to the sentiments which will
guide him if he becomes a candidate
for the Presidency, the chief being
the extermination of the trusts anid
the relegation of the money question
to the rear.
The suspicion that Frank K. Hip
pie, president of the Real Estate
Trus~t Company. of Pniladelphia, corn
miltted1 suicide was confirmed. He
blew out his brains.
A monument was unveiled at Cam
den. Maine, in honor of William Con
way, who refused to pull down the
United States flag at: Pensacola at
the beginaing of the Civil War.
Ex-Judge Alton B. Parker, in an
address before the American Bar As
sociation at St. Paul, advocated the