OCR Interpretation


The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, September 26, 1906, Image 3

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218612/1906-09-26/ed-1/seq-3/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

A RIOT IN ATLANTA'
Races Gash and Many Persons
Are Ki!fei Zarc Wc::n4 d
When. 4.:m 3 O.he . a Negro~
S;it a Wo man From the
Sidew'k th Mlob Let Itself Loose
Upon the Entire Colored Popula
ion-EverT Incoming Car Was
Scanned for Negroes, Who Were
Be::ten, Crt and Stamped Upon
Streets in One Section Cleared by
Fire Department-Negro Women
the Most Warlike, Fighting Like
Amazons.
Atlanta. Ga., Special.-A race war
of alarming proportions began here
Saturday niht. Through the night
it raged with varying vigor. and
when iior'nin dawned it found th
down-town streets in possession of
eiht comlpanies of the Fifth Georiia
Infantry, with a battery of lijht ar
tillerv in reserve. Through the day
litl . i:fpoetance has oicurred.
The police claimed, with the aid of
th:- uilitary, to have the situation
This condition came as the result
-af s:mr-sadrepeated assaulhs
or ;,tem ed assanlts Upon white*
n by :=gr-es. The list of an
e. : (ZC: :f such assaults. within
111. i of Fulton coun11ty wili'in
the last nine weeks. came Satuirday
won: founr attempts at assault were
repoetd. Fiaring headlines in the
4ecial editions of afternoon papers
wrougt the populace to a high pitch
of exciter::eat. The usual Saturday
i::-"t erowds were largely increased
by men and boys who thronged the
(iown-town streets. There was no
eadter and no o-:ert act untii late in
:lauta. Ga., Special.-Tweidy
:r honrs have passed sinCe a race
wa- Of no "nean proportions begaii in
Adanta. In that period ,it least ten
lives have been sacrificed. and the
mnbeirM'' Of injured will be at least 40,
,-veral of wh'om cannot recover. At
) ;'clock Sun-lay night the citv was
contol'Oiled by the police aided by
S n'arl a thonsand of the State mili
tia. Exerv !>art of the town is
rocd 11y t- idiers and the anihori
ti..eem t; have the situai on well
i. hml. Governor Terrell. who or
dered seven eamrnanies of the State
. iitarv serviee from points outside
of Atlanta to) aid the eight locail c:>m
aic. siant'.d ready to declare- the
ein:wie nrartial law, if rhe scenes
it arda y night are repeated. He
ha. diela red withiP an hour that he
sees nol nece'sity at present to take
\u-iez' us and per'sistent rumors
arie reachingz thte city of negroes as
tacking white persons and stoning
st re: cae to :the suburbs andl out
sk-i o the eitv'~. Mest cof these re
ports douhtles are false, hut ;cever:al
strieet. ears arriving from t heir runs
cret - are reusing~ to go (out.
* The !,e pa'rt of the nilitit ry
conenrate. in the downto'.n dis
tt Marietta and Decatur streets.
bot frequented -by negro.es. are
crowde~d wit w. hite men. The troops
are marcin. throllh these crovas
'ondat try xing to enforee the or
Sder it' th may'fuor that the streets
shall be cleared. The efforts to clear
theI streI'ets, hlowever. so far seem to
be n:eet inz with onP~y fair suc.ces:s.
Very fz'w of' the better elasa f citi
zen wh are not called out by neces
sity :1re on the streets.
Up to Sunday evening more than
50 arrests hase been made of memn
tbers of' Saturday night's mob, charg
ing mneitement to riot. Five hundrei
dollars bond has .been required ir
each ease.
Nob namnes of prominence are found
on this lis:.
Of the eiarl :t is imppossible to get
the names. Only partial lists hav?
been prepared and no two of these
agree
BrPlosion Followed Insult.
At bou ~t) o'lock a negro man
sho' ed n -white woman fron the side
-walkm on Wit ehall street, in the .een
ter it' tow. Almost simultaneously
a negr~lo ro'mana made an insult r g
remark~ ta a whiute mlan on an adpim
ing 'e-e: a::' he ad'ninistered wht
he cniftdered *ke punishiment. From
th;k sti'r' the es:eited crowd. whwh'l
had h~ecomn' a rab, bezan its we k
of! destruertion. Five thiot:sand mn
and boys :hronged theC down-to':mn
steolati for'~ el neros.
c'itims i::simiing thec g'ovenor' of t be
Ste. *S:zidmayo of i a '. a tn
of ih.n" ihg was5 denoun(cd ml v':or
Urge Greater Lynchb'urg.
Lyncur, "p~ecial.-The Board of
TradI" i:1dorsed the annuexationl pro(
poio by a resolutin which: de
clare fo~h en-largemecnt of the
(Uila . 'trwit a stii' c'm
iu- t t Retail Me1,rehlaits As
soc04' :. b apointed to :'p
pe.' *eoeu 'ity Council to uh':
e- ,e:-.:. Th popositionl '
L ' ' 'rt iea.The tiottrrmills
Chomblin. nea Pht'ilm. LonC
foure . wee 'oue b i:.
iance. Th 'aC.'htth i
CUBA MUST BEHAVE
Unck: Sam Lays Down the Law
'o Warring factions
HER EXISTENCE IS AT STAKE
While Making it Clear That the
United States Are Not seeking to
Control Island's Affairs, President
Roosevelt's Lieutenants Points Out
That Failure of Minor Means to
Restore Order Will Forfeit Cuba's
Life as Nation.
Havana, By Cable.-A second day
f conferences with the leaders of the
factions in the Cuban conflict has not
enabled Secretary of War Taft and
Assistant Secretary of State Bacon to
announce any plan for compromising
the difficulty.- So strenuous are the
appeals of both the Liberal and Mod
erate party leaders that the situation
becomes increasingly complicated as
the negotiations proceed. However,
Secretarv Taft said that he believed,
when th'ey are brought face to face
with the danger of losing indepen
dence forever, all patriotic Cubans
will be willing to make concessions.
Mr. Taft added that the United
States peace emissaries are occupy
inga mpst dolicate position and Lave
udertaken to heaP all complants,
and that until- they have made them
selves thoroughly donversant with the
political turmoil of Cuba, they can
not express themselves freely in the
conferences, fearing that possible
misunderstandings may have a deter
rent effect on the procedings.
The only coimsel to the political
leaders given by Mr. Taft was on
tLe subject of not engaging in fur
ther ngitation that might make in
tervention by the United States nee
essary. This advice he gives audi
ence, regardless of party.
Life as -Nation at Stake.
Mr. Taft has made it clear that the
United States is not seeking to ex
ercise control over the island or any
of its affairs; but he has quoted Pres
ident Roosevelt's letter to Minister
Quesada to the effect that the .United
States has a duty which it cannot
shirk. To those whom he has met
in conference Mr. Taft has said that
now is the time to decide whether
they would have Cuba live as a na
ion. He has weighed every word
carefully and has neither upheld nor
eciticised the principles of either fac
tion.
Mr. Taft realizes tnat unless the
national spirit is aroused the commer
cial spirit interests will have no con
fidence in any settlement that may
be reached. On 'this point the media
tors are confronted with their chief
difficulty for no way has been de
vised to obtain the sentiments of
those in the field without treating
with armed forces, which might be
regarded as a recognition of the in
surgents. Senator Alfredo Zayas is
generally regarded, as the official rep
resentative of the revolution, but he
cannot claim that distinction in nego
tiating with Secretary Taft, as that
would make him a revolutionist and
terminate free intercourse with Pres
ident Roosevelt's representatives.
TERRIBLE LOSS or LIFE.
Wile Few Foreigners are Missing,
Loss of Life Among Native Water
Dwellers Has Been Immense,
Wharves Were Swept Away, Houses
Collapsed and 18 Steamers Are
Ashore.
Hong Kong, By Cable.-It it now
estimated that 5,000 Chinese. lost
their lives in the recept typhoon. Re
ports are increasing the mortality.
Hong Kong, By (hble.-The loss of
life and property in the tyohoon
which raged for two hours is fa;
greater than first reported. A thons-'
and persons are missing at Hong
Kong alone and the damage is es;i
mated at several million dollars.
houses collapsed. The military bar
racks are in ruins. Eighteen steam
ers are ashore. The American ship
S. P. Hitchcock was also driven
ashore, as were many of the launches
that run about the harbor. The
British reserve sloop Phoenix and a
small gunboat, the Dongola, are
ashore. The British torpedo boat
Sir William JTervois were sunk. The
French torpedo boat destroyer
Froude was wrecked and the Fran
cisque is ashore. The steamers
Kwong Chow, San Chewng. Storsogon
and Kongmoon were sunk. The
steamers Apenrade and Johanne are
partly awash.
The harbor is strewn with wreck
age thrown up on the shore. Hun
drels of Chinese boatment and their
families were saved by the bravery
of the police and civilians, but several
thousand of the Chinese water dwel
lers must have perished, many within
short distances of the shore.
Urges Bryan to Drop It.
-Washington. Special.-Senator Jas.
K. Jones. twice chairman of the na
tional Democratic committee and
manager of both the campaigns for
the presidenicy of William .Jennings
Bryan. has written to Mr. Bryan ad
visinz him strongly to drop the sub
jct of government ownersip of rail
roads and to take a tirm stand in fa
vor of an enforcement of the law,
thant i< now on the statut2 books.
Great Fire Does $150,000 Dam
Tacoma. Snecia.-Fire destroyed
the Eastern railway depot and freigh:
warehouse. a large livery stable and
several dwellings. One hundred and
fifty horses, many bloodled stock.
were in the stable and less than half
a dozen escaped. Mrs. Person. v.'ife
of the restaurant keeper is believed
to have lost her life and two men
ar.. unaceonted for. The loss is
one hunadred and lifty thousand
KILLED IN EXPLOSION
12 Lives Lost and 200 More
cr Less Injti.ed
A CAR OF DYNAMiTE BLOWS UP
Whether Because of Fools Shooting
at Mark on Dangerous Car or Be
cause a Car Loaded With Iron Was
Switched Against It, 20,000 Pounds
of High Explosives Work Havoc at
Jellico, Tenn.
Jellico. Teni.. Special.-Twelve
lives were sinffed out. scores of per
sons hurt and property damage esti
mated at probably $500.000 was done
helre Friday morning at S o'clock
when a car load of dynamite. stand
ing in a track near the Southern de
pott. exploded with a report that was
ieard for 20 miles. shattering build
ings in the business section of the
town and breaking nearly every piece
of glass within a radius of one mile
of the scene. The dead are: George
Atkins. aged :0, lineman for the East
Tennessee Telephone Company. John
Cook, aged 50, ear inspector for the
Southern Railwav. Waller Rodgers.,
ed clerk for 4:nited Cold Stor
age Warehouse, cut to pieces and al
most unrecognizable. John Gordon,
colored, aged 30. James Sharp, col
ored. William Lovette. aged 12. Ida
Rayne. aged 3 years. James Rey
nolds. John Hoch, son of J. M. Cook.
Joseph Sellers, engineer on Louisville
& Nashville. One body remains un
identified, making the total dead at
noon. 12. There is bare possibility
that other bodies may be recovered
from the ruins of buildings, but this
is hardly probable.
Two Theories of Explosion.
The freight ear, one of the Penn
sylvania's lines, contained 450 boxes
of 20,000 pounds of high explosives
consigned to the Rand Powder Com
pany, of Clearfield, Tenn. Two causes
are assigned for the explosion. One
is that three persons were shooting
at a mark on the car and that a bul
let entered the car and caused the ex
plosion. The other is that while the
car was standing on a side track a
car load of pig iron was switched
against it and that the force of the
jar. caused the explosion. People
here are divided as to the theories,
some going so far as to say that they
actually saw the men firing at the
car with a rifle.
Young Man Shot to Death.
Spencer, N. C., Special.--G. C.
Whitaker, a Southern Railway flag
man, of Pilot Mountain, was shot and
instantly killed here by P. F. He
drick. a Southern Railway conduc
tor, of this place. The killing oc
curred in a store in the center of
town where Whitaker was making a
purchase, and it is stated that no
words passed between the two men
before the shooting began. Alleged
attention of Whitaker to Hedrick 's
wife is supposed to be the cause of
the tragedy.
Big Gain in Business.
New Haven. Special-It is estimat
ed that a yearly loss of nearly three
quarters -of a million of dollars to
the New York. New Haven and Hart
ford railroad as the result of reducing
passenger rates to two cents per mile.
has already been turned into actual
gain in gross receipts through thc
increase volume of business. Coal
traffic receipts to date indicate not
only that the estimated loss has been
overcome but there will be an actual
gain over the other years.
Gen. Wilder Proposed.
Chattanooga, Special.-At the re
union of Wilder's brigade of the
union army of the Cumberland, a
business meeting was held at the bri
gade monument on Chicamauga bat
tlefleflld. The old officers of the as
sociation were re-elected. The name
of Gen. J. T. Wilder was presented
to the department of Tnenessee as
candidate for commander-in-chief of
the G. A. R. A resolution was adopt
ed asking congress to establish a
system of traction lines in the nation
al military park. The next meeting
of the association will be held in
Charleston, Ill.
The Mongolia is Floated.
Honol ulu. By Cable.-The steamer
Mongolia. whichi went ashore on Mid
way Island, wa floated. She is ex
peetedl to reach here under her own
steam. The Mongolia's passengers
have not vet arrived here. The
agents here of the Pacific Mail Steam
ship Company think that the Mon
goia has sustained little damage.
12 Dead in English Wreck.
Loindon. Special.-Twelvye persois
are known to he dead and 17 were
injred in the wreck of the Setch
express on the German Northern
Railway at Grantham early Thursday
morning. but it was stated late at
niht that ther~e are other bodies un
der thle wvreek. Which has not yet been
~lare'd. The cause of the disaster
is sttili a mystery. aus the enineer
anad fireman were killed, though there
Georgia Preacher a Suicide.
Macon. Ga.. Speial.-A special to
The Telegraph from D~upont. Ga..
sas: Rev. Frank Cornelius, a Bap
tist minister. near Dupont. was shot
through the head while reading on his
front'porch. His familyv rushed to
his assistance. It was thought he
was assinatetd. but indications are
that he committed suicide.
BIDS ON LABORERS
Nine Cents Per Hour Lowest
Offer for Coolies
TO WORK ON PANAMA CANAL
Four Proposals Submitted to Isth
mian Commission Under Specifica
tions Requiring Contract for at
Least 2,500 Men, Commission Hav
ing Privilege of Calling for More
Up to 15,000-Average Bid About
10 Cents an Hour For Common
Labor, Ranging Up to 40 Cents for
Physicians.
Washington, Special.-Four pro
posals were submitted to the isth
mian canal commission for the fur
nishing of Chinese labor to be em
ployed in the construction of the.
Panama canal. The requirements of
the specifications were, in brief, that
the eontractor should agree to sup
ply the commission with at least 2,
500 Chinese, the commission having
the privilege of calling.upon the sue
essful contractor for additional la
bor not exceding 15,000. It further
was specified that the laborers should
go on the isthmus ready for work
within three and a half months of the
opening of the proposals and that
tie contractors should deposit with
their proposals a bond of $50,000 as
a guarantee faithffully to carry out
the terms of the contract.
The propositions were opened in
the board room of the commission
by W. Leo Pepperman., assistant
chief of the office of administration
of the commission. Mr. Pepperman
announced that no award would be
made of the contract until the pro
posals had- been examined by the
commission and its general counsel.
In accordance with the specifications
the proposals were made for the fur
iisbing of different classes of labor
at a price fixed by the hour in Amei
can gold.
A summary of the four proposals
submitted follows:
The American-China Contracting
Company, represented by James R.
Morse, of Englewood, N. J.; Common
laborers, 10 cents per hour; formen
and interpreters, 20 cents per hour;
physicians, 40 cents per hour; cooks
and laborers 15 cents per hour.
International Contracting Company
Washington, D. C., represented by
Carroll Purman, president; Labor
ers and cooks, 13 eents per hour; doe
rs 39 cents per hour; assistant doc
tors, 26 cents per hour; interpreters,
two and one-half times 13 cents per
hour; foremen, one .and one-half
times 13 cents per hour.
Wa Me Lee Hing & Company, Bal
timore, Md.; Laborers, clerks and
barbers, 12 1-2 cents per hour; fore
men and interpreters, 15 cents per
hour; doctors, 25 cents per hour.
Joel Julian Reuben, Washington,
D. C.: For the first 2,500 Chinese
laborers, 11 cents per hour; foremen,
40 cents per hour; doctors 60 cents
per hour; interpreters, 60 cents per
hour; cooks and barbers. 30 cents per
hour. For the first additional 1,000
above 2,500 laborers, 11 cents per
hour; for the second additional 1,000
laborers, 10 7-8 cents per hour; for
the third additional 1,000, 10 3-4
cents per hour; for the four addition
al 1,000 laborers, 10 5-8 .cents per
hour; for the fifth additional 1,000
laborers, 10 1-2 cents per hour; for
the sixth additional 1,000 laborers
10 3-8 eents per hour; for the seventh
additional 1,000 laborers, 10 1-4
cents per hour; for the eighth addi
tional 1,000 laborers, 10 cents per
hour; for the ninth additional 1,000
laborers, 9 3-4 cents per hour; for
the tenth additional 1,000 laborers,
9 1-2 cents per hour; for the elev
enth additional 1,000 laborers. 9 1-4
cents per hour; and for the balance
of the 15,000 laborers, 9 cents per
hour.
The last proposal is assumed at the
Department to mean that -if the com
mission enters into contract with Mr.
Reuben and wants the full quota of
15,000 Chinese he will furnish them
at the rate of 9 cents per hour for
comTmon laborers.
Bank Robbed by Armed Men.
Grianid Rapids, Mieh.. Special.
Eight masked and heavily armed
burglars had the people of White
Cloud at bay, while they rifled the
Newaygo County Bank and attempt
edI also to rob the bank of R. Gan
non & Son. but the citizens gathered
in such large numbers the robbers
fled. They secured be'-.een t wo and
four t houisand 6ilars in cash from
the Newaygo bank.
Back to Georgia For Trial.
Pit tsburg. Pa.. Special.-Thomas
W. Alexander, the cotton broker of
Augusta. Ga., under arrest here as a
fugitive from justice will leave for
home in charge of Lieutenant of Po
lice William M. Collins, of Augusta,
who arrived in Pittsburg. Lieuten
ant Collins says the amount involved
is between $150,000 and $220,000.
Current Events.
It is estimated that thousands of
lives were lost in the typhoon at
Hong Kong. while property damage
amcunts to millions.
Retiring Governor-General Ide and
his successor in the Philippines. Gen
eral Smith, were the guests of honor
at a dinner giveni in Manilla.
Customs dock No. 4 at Buenos Ay
res was burnled, the damage being
more than $1.O00000.
Armenians burned four Tartar vil
lages and massacred many inhabi
EPWODI LA9GE [[SSONS:
SUNDAY SEPTEMDER 30.
The Standard of Personal cerycz
Rom. 12. 1, 2.
The supreme rule. Matt. 26. ':9-42.
As to our charace'r:;. John 6. 39
1: 1 Thess. 4.
As to our service. Jo;:n G. 5-16;
L Thess. 2. 4.
As to our acc:tance. Matt. 7.
1-2:;. -
Doing his will relates us to him.
\Iark 3. 35.
Obedience makes us his peculiar
treasure. Exod. 19. 5.
It is worthy of remark that be
hurch, visible or invisible, here or
ronder, is frequently termed a king
lom. It is not a republic, or a demo
racy. where the people rule, but a
monarchy. and God is king-immor
:al, invisible, eternal. There can be
aone to question his authority. His
will is sole. Human beings are not
o challenge it.
We must abandon ourselves to the
will of God, and let him have his way
with us. We need not fear. It is,
fter all, a sweet way. It may be hard
'o die to self; but it is lovely after
ou are dead.
The apostle exhorts us to submit
>urselves to be transformed from the
ashlon of this world, and then we
;hall ascertain by a full, rich experi
ance what the will of God is: we
hall find out what is 'the good, the
perfect and the acceptable. We can
iot know these desirable things with
)ut surrendering fully to the will of
od. Jesus was the pattern for all
and forever. It is not wrong to de
ire that the bitter cup be not put
:o our lips, but every prayer for re
ef wust have in it in some form the
submissive, "If it be thy will." 'It is
:omfort to know that, if the bitter
Iraught cannot be remitted, it is for
some reason founded in deepest love
nd highest wisdom.
"As to our characters" suggests
:he Daily Readings, and refers us to
John G, 39, 40, which tells us that the
will of God is the everlasting salva
ion of every one that seeth and be
ieveth on the Son; and then takes
is over to 1 Thess. 4. 3, where we
earn that God desires nothing short
f our sanctification. Then, indeed,
s our service not that of servants,
but of sons and friends who serve
or love's sweet sake, and who, in
yloseness of fellowship, have reveal
?d unto them day by day the "secret
f the'Lord." It is this kind of ser
vice that bears the fruit that remains.
'Being put in trust with the gospel,"
>h who shall dare to shrink, or dodge,
>r compromise for fear of men?
NUNIS IINENBEII9NOTIES
SEPTEMBER THIRTIETH
Gilmour, and Missions in China. Isa.
49: 5-12.
Africa Is not the only Dark Contin
nt;. it is dark everywhere save where
the Light of the World has shone
forth.
In most nations it Is the "common
people" that first "hear Him gladly";
but in the end Christ shall rule also
over the rulers.
In heathen lands life. is a struggle,
most often, for bare subsistence; and
the hunger and thirst of the body is
olly parallel to the hunger and thirst
of the soul.
Nothing in the Bible is more re
markable than' the way in which,
from the beginning to the end, it
claims the whole world for its realm.
RELIGION IN BUSINESS.
Alternate Topic for September 30:
Religion in Business Affairs.
Gen. 39: .1-5.
So much of life is business that If
business is not religious we shall have
an irreligious world.
We can never hope to make a bus!
ness of religion unless we bring re
ligion into our business.
Businesslike ways of conducting
religious affairs conduce toward re
ligious ways of conducting business
affars.
If it is not feasible to conduct a
business under the. Golden Rule the
business ought not to be conducted
Young men should consider their
hosen business a calling as sacred
as the ministry.
It is an unprofitable business if the
balance is not entered on the right
side in the book of the rec'ording
NEWSY GLEANINGS.
King Alfonso of Spain signed the
nodus rivendi with the United
A famine in high grades of tobacco
s expected unless peace in Cuba is
;oon restored.
The Worcester, Mass., Telegram
w'ill use President Roosevelt's pho
ietic spelling.
The work of organizing the ma
hinists of Cleveland, Ohio, is ad
rancing rapidly.
Mint officials say that the world's
;old production will reach the $500,
300,000 mark this year.
Mexico has issued strict orders to
prevent the use of Gulf ports as
bases for Cuban insurgents.
Captain Edwin H. Parker has been
round in Honolulu. after- three years
of absence, by a personal advertise
The International Policy-Holders'
Committee by resolution deposed
Bishon Charles C. McCabe from mem
bership.
Thomas E Stillman. of New York
City. died at Lisieux, France, as the
result of injiuries sustained in a mo
tor car accident.
Ex-President Cleveland rendered a
lelcision which stops the "Big Three"
life insurance companies from giving
rebates to British policy-holderS.
The Yosemite Valley has been
turned over to the United States
Government in accordanlce with a.
legislative act of tne State of Cali
Josiah - Quincy, Chairman of the
Demoratic State Committee of Mas
chusetts, in a public statement, urges
the nomination of WVilham J. Bryan
for President in 190S
William J. Bryan. in a commuin
cation to the Reception Committee,
put himself on record as being with
President Roosivelt in favor of put
tir a iii to individual fortunes.
You can buy a lot of trouble with
a $2 bill-if you invest it in a mar.
ra-g e lcnse.
SOUTHERN *:
70PICS OF INTEREST TO tHE PL All
The Cattle Industry in the South.
A recent bulletin of the Mississippi
Station, prepared by A. Smith and C.
I. Brag. states that the "famcrs of
that State ahd throughout the cotton
belt generally are slow to realize the
benefits of stock raising and cattle
feeding, and that it is more remun
erative than continuous cotton grow
ing." Cotton growing has therefore
been the chief source of revenue for
the farmer; cotton is pre-eminently
the "money-crop" of the region, and
other branches of farming have been
neglected. The feeding experiments
carried on at the station with twenty
five grade steers, two to four years
old, which were classed as medium
feeders, using cotton-seed hulls and
meal, cornmeal, wheat bran and hay
(Johnson grass and a mixture of al
falfa and Johnson grass, 2.1) fur
nish quite clear evidences that the
feeding of beef cattle in Mississippi
is a safe and prcfitable investment
and a much more economical way of
maintaining the fertility of the soil
than by purchasing fertilizers.
In the wheat and corn belts farm
ers have long ago discovered that
the continuous sale of their crops
could not be carried on indefinitely
without impairing the fertility of the
soil, and that they must have re
course to live stock of some kind to
return to the land some of the ele
ments of plant food taken from it by
the crops grown, thus preserving
their farms in a state of pfoductivity
more easily resembling the original
condition of the soil.' In the cotton
belt the beef breeds of cattle are only
beginning to take their rightful place
among other farm live stock. This
is largely owing to the prevailing
idea among farmers that raising beef
steers for market is not profitable.
Dairy farming has many good
points of superiority over beef rais
ing, but to farmers who are not close
to a good market and are handi
capped by lack of available and
steady labor, the breeding and feed
ing of cattle will offer many induce
ments.
That is is a profitable business in
the South is shown by the low cost
of raising cattle, economy in produc
ing suitable feeds, and the inexpen
sive buildings required.
With a pure-bred beef sire, a herd
of native cows, and plenty of pasture
land, a farmer may in two or three
years' time develop a good grade
beef herd, which will largely in
crease his profits and maintain the
fertility of the soil.
The comparison between the stable
versus open-yard system, while show
ing some advantage in favor of the
stable method, really Indicates that
a combinatiol? of the best features
of both systems is preferable. This
could be done by a.llowing the cattle
to run in large sheds with a solid
tight floor, which should be well
bedded, and the manure all saved.
f desired, outside yards connected
with these sheds couild be provided,
so that the cattle should have some
exercise and plenty of fresh air. One
of the secrets of successful cattle
feeding is in making them as com
fortable as possible.
Where cottonseed meal and hulls
can be purchased at a reasonable
price, they i :ove to be very cheap
feeds for fattening steers. No bad
effects result from feeding cotton
seed meal for such short periods as
this, and It remaine to be seen
whether any ration can be com
pounded exclusive of good silage,
which can equal it as an inexpensive
feed.
Black Root or Cotton Wilt.
Many complaints are already
reaching us concerning the ravage
of this disease, which is yearly prov
ing disastrous in our sandy sections
and which is destined to increase its
ravage from year to year, unless in
telligent methods are adopted to stay
It. The cotton affected begins to
wilt or die, without any apparent
cause; but if you pull up a stalk
and cut into the root or stem, you
will see it has begun to grow black,
and hence the name of black root.
It is caused by a fungus that is in
the soil and which attacks the roots
and checks or destroys the flow of
sap to the top of the plant. There
are two remedies. The first and most
effective lies in rotation of crops.
We have been planting cotton con
tinuously too long on our lands.
Fields affected with this disease
should be planted next year in corn
or oats and velvet beans. Do not
plant in cow-peas, as this disease also
feeds upon the cowpea, and will sur
vive in the soil. But if planted in
corn, wheat, oats or velvet beans the
fungus will perish out more or less
completely for lack of food. It has
also been found beneficial to plant
cotton on such lands late, not earlier
than the first 'of May. The second
m edy is to secure cottonseed of a
N~ews Items.
Three 'United States vessels have
been ordered to Cuban waters and
more than 60 marines are ready to
be sent to the scene.
Congressman Williams. chairman
Griggs and Samuel Gompers all give
out interviews expressing their satis
faction with the result in Maine.
General Vonliarliarsky, as'ing mili
tarv governor-general of: Warsaw,
was assassinated.
Southern shippers. eotton dealers
and railroad men appeared before the
Interstate Commee C'ommnission to
rge a suses9in oft the 30-day' rule
in regard 't e.xport rates.
Ms. William Muse, of Roanoke,
was :urested in Richmond in connee
tioi with the murder of C. C. Hen
ispie )rwin1 0u!o thef t res
m a,'i-a (f T '.noson's hogs.
7AHM R:. fIOTES.
rE,!, STOCKMANAN3 TRUCk G.%?gER,
resisting variety. The Government
has been experimenes:3 this
disease for several years. and has
found thar sne varioties . ectton
resist the anack of thiz binek root
much more than others; so they
breed a resistive variety and our
State Entomologist will be in post
tion to supply our farmers with some
of these seed next season. We are
thankful that the high price of land.
the high price of our crop products
-the high price of labor- are all
tending to 'make our Southern farm
ers adapt better methods and learn
to do better work. We still have
much to learn and more to do.
Southern Cultivator.
Let the South Help Itself!
Perhaps it is necessary to their
peace of mind that the newspapers
should all take a fling at the Chicago
packers. One derives a sense of vir
tue from the act of hurling anathema
at the wicked. The Pharisees of old
used to have a great time at that
game, and their modern imitators
are not thinning out with time.
It seems in order to say, however,
,hat at least Southern towns, cities,
and communities. have no right to
complain. If at any time they have
suffered, either in their stomachs or
their pockets, because of the high
price or the unwholesome character
of Chicago meat products, they have
only themselves to blame. There has
never been the smallest reason why
they should not feed themselves from
their own herds, flocks, fields, dair
ies, and barnyards. The South is
rich in farming and grazing lands,
and the inhabitants thereof can raise
beef cattle, sheep, hogs, poultry and
vegetables of the very finest quality
and in - unlimited quantity if they
choose. Why need they go to Chica
go, Kansas City, Omaha, or any other
distant market for food which they
can produce themselves? And if
they persist in a policy so unneces
sary and so improvident, they might
have the grace to realize that it is
their fault, and refrain from con
demnation of others. The pastures
of the South can turn out as -good
beef and mutton as the stockyards of
Chicago can. Southern farms are
capable of furnishing as high class
butter, milk, eggs, etc., as any farms
in Iowa or Kansas. Why, then, do
not the Southern people help them
selves instead of calling upon Her
cules to help them and filling the air
with complaint and imprecatior
when he fails to answer to their sat
isfaction?
We do not pretend .to pronounce
upon the truth, or lack of truth, in
all these nauseous denunciations of
the packing houses. We-are quite
sure, however, thsat the Southern
people would be in much better ~si
ness to set about the task of crn
for themselves. It is not at all neces
sary for them to be dependent on
imported food of any kind. When
they bewail- the hardships inflicted
on them by the Western trust, they
remind us of nothing so much as of
the Texas ranch owners, thirty years
ago, denouncing the quality of the
condensed milk they got from Minne
sota.-Washington Post.
Spot Cash.
That has. got to be the motto of
the farmer if he ever salts down any
very great amount of money as the
result of his business. Too many of
us have been in the habit of trading
off our butter, eggs and other farm
produce to the man who "keeps
store" at the corner. The conse
quence is that he not only keeps the
store, but he keeps about all the
profit there is in what we raise. He
gets a good margin on the stuff he
buys of us and makes a fair speck
on the calico and the sugar and the
tobacco we take home.
Now, I want this margin of profit
myself, and so I say to the grocery
man: "You' pay me a fair price for
what I bring you to sell1 and I will
do the same by you. If you will not
do that, I will hunt up some one who
will. I am not obliged to let you
have my stuff. I can send it a hun
dred miles away to market if I can .~
get a better price than you will give
me, and I will do it, too. This talkI
about patronizing the home market
is not what it is cracked up to be al
ways. Let's get this thing down toI
a cash basis and see how things will
work then."
And I know how it will work.
There will be more and better things
in the house to eat and wear, and we i
will have a great dleal more money
Ito jingle in our pockets than when
we are going on with this old trade
system. And the store-keepers will
bebetter off, too. That's another
good thing about it. They will have
a better line of goods, and sell more
of them. Let's try this and see.-E.
L. Vincent. in Progressive Farmer.
Reflections of a Bachelor.
Hot tempers cool off love better
Ithan refrigcrators. -
We need neve~r measure our love
until it surpasses the immeasurable
love.
There is'a good deal of difference
between belief in Satan and trust in
the Savior.
They who love like their Lord do
not need to worry over the logic of
their ereed.
The robe of righteousness cannot
be won by giving away an old vest
'1ow and then.
Y ou cannot warm your heart on the
Pible and refuse its light on yourA
wav.
It' no use a man 's praying for a
len heart if lie will not wash his
Thev who love God for His gifts
nvr know how much His love can
So-ne people lootk on home asa

xml | txt