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With words as sweet as viodets
I wove a daint-. song for her:
My fingers stole aero the f::e-s
And set the golden ebords. a-4tir
They quivered Ntith a pas-ion true
That told my oeart was hers :dnc;
But, oh. her love was like t he dew.
&-flash at morn. ere no'day ;oen
Yet I wilI keep my ia:,
And bide another day;
The bird that iies
To other skies
Returns to greet the May.
All John Carstair's money was
made from mines, and was still com
i::g out of mines in a golden stream.
From "Old John's" point of view
this was a very pleasant fact. indeed.
Mrs. Carstairs was enabled to shine
in all the brilliance of New York sea
sons and Newport indolence.
But Frances, embellished with all
that Parisian costunmes and the skill
of French maids could possibly add
to the beauty of her graceful figure,
and the witchery of her wavy brown
hair tnd deep brown eyes. had grave
.dotlbts- as to the unalloyed desirabil
t: of this wealth. For there was
Dick to be considered.
Dick was not rich; not. exactly
poor, but certainly not rich. And
when one is wealthy and beautiful
and twenty-one; and when one's
mother thinks it is time to consider
one's marriage, and so many youths
with all the necessary banknotes and
londs have expressed their adoration
and been refused; and all this with
the result that one's mother is be
ceming impatient. while Dick is the
(-aly one that will suit but is .ot rich;
naturally the problem assurnes seri
Of course Dick was also a doubter.
To keep himself at all che.rful he
had day dreams of becoming sudden
ly wealthy and boldly demanding
Frances' hand from "Old John."
Frances, from a comfortable and be
coming position on Dick's shoulder,
would agree that such aa event
would be perfectly lovely."
"But how are you going :o make
it happen, Dick, dear?"
Now that was just what Dick
didn't know himself.
.Then came a time when Mrs. Car
stairs' - coming softly into Frances'
room at night introduced another fac
tor... an already perplexing prob
"Frances, dear, it is time you were
thinking of marr-'ing and having a
house of your .own."
"I suppose so, mother."
"Now, of course, Frances, I can
quite understand all this foolishness
and sentiment about Dick Leigh. It
is all very well for a young girl just
out of school, but wnen a girl comes
to your age, Frances, she must look
at things sensibly."
Mrs. Carstalirs contnneQ: "I will
admit Dick is a very fine young man
and I have no dou.>t would mnaka a
model husbaud. But, my dear, he
has no money and is never likely to
have. You must forget all about
this boy-and-girl.. affair. Several
yonaug men of admirable character
- and with th ' necessary me ans to
make you happy have spoken to .-our
father, and we expect you to make a
choice before long."
"Yes, mother," almost in tudibly
from the cushions.
The new developments in t se --.ase
having been tearfully reported to
Dick, that young man was more .per
plexed than -ever, but could offer no
advice except to wait for a while.
'Ahe "waiting" lasted for nearl.
three uaonths, until Mrs. Carstairs
announced to Frances that her hand
had een promised to Mr. Wyndham,
whose :noney -.;as also obtained from
"My dear', it is now March, and
since Mr. Wyndham as well as your
father and I would like you to be
married quietly at cur country house
I have fixed tlhe date for September-"
After a short pause she continued:
- "Now, Frances, I hrve given Dick
Leigh. to understand that you are en
gaged to Mr. Wyndh'm and are to be
married in September, and he has, I
believe, left the city for the West this
morning. T expect, Frances, to hear
nobhing more about this old love af
f.'r. If I do. you will regret it.''
She swert out with the full con
sciousness and pride of victory. But
as she departed Frances' maid now
came -vith a letter from Dick. Shorn
of endearing epithets and caressing
phrases, the letter said that he was
off to tae West, Jhe land of the
mines, and was determined that "a
mine v. ill soon be mine, and then
you shall be mine again. Always and
forever thine. Dick."
Frances spent an hou" in reading
those portions of the letter which we
have omitted. and then plungnd .into
the delights of shopping with br:
mothar, for Dick would find his mine
and she might as well prepare for
the wedding now. t,:-u while hte
mother shoppr'd with Mr. Wyndhanm
in mind, she could feel it vwas for
Such implicit confidence in Dicli
was flattering, but it was doubtful
if such faith in abilities r'eposcd is
his own mind. Equipped with pros'
pector's pack and guide, he arrived ati
the littlh hotel near Ca'stairs Mine.
He decided to explore the country
five miles to the north of "Old
John's' mine, and so informe<'
miner who had struck up s.n cas)
- Western acquaintance with him.
"Prospect them there hills to th<
north. Why, by The six-shoote:r oJ
m:oses, yer crazy, ,ardner."
"'hy.'" d manded the c:-e::tiaic:
"There .infl'r o gold rocks there
nlaw, not even good buildin' stone
A man's plumb leery-eyed foolish t<
prospect them hills. Better strike
job workin' ia the mines for Oic
John Carstairs. Y'er a chunky look
ing specimen. pard, and S'S a day'.
good pay. Come in," with a jerk o
his dirty thumb over his shoulder
"Come in. pardner', the drink'll be oz
it was not long before Dick discov
ered that he couldn't tell go)ld or'
Ifayhap come day icr merry glance
h A ail to inet the lir .t it throws;
$Oie day hcr happv heart. perehance
May fee1 the thorn benea.th the rose;
Anl it nee .'hould pain the breast,
T nature only foruied for glee.
Wit acing heart that longs for rctt,
M V IttlC Love may t t ue
Then wil I I rise and say:
Lt uaught mny sweet affray,
L>ve's beacon burn".
My bosoi yearus:
The old love lives, for ave:
-Samuel Minturn Peck, iii Transcript.
from a macadam roadway, and de
cded to take the advice of his hos
pitav.e friend with the thirst. wo rk
ing in the mines, be would learn
enough about ores to continue his
prospecting trip. Therefore, it came
ao yut that Dick Leigh, sometime suit
or - r the hand of Frances, was
wielding the pick in her father's
Dick spent all his idle time wan
dering about the property adjacent
to the Carstairs mine, and discovered
one day that it had been staked o'it
as a claim. Bill, the friendly miner
with the thirst, hastened to reassure
"Don't you worry, pardner, you
ain't lost nuthin'. I knows all about
that there claim, for I've broken
more'n one hammer tinkerin' round
them rocks, and by the bronco of
'Bimeelech there's no gold on the top
cf that claim. Naw, nor for a long i
rail down into the ground neither. 1
But, pardner. yer a good friend of
iaine. I likes yer ways, d'ye see, and
I'll tell yer what'll be between yer
self and me. 'Old John's' mine,'"
lowering his voice cautiously, "is 4
likely to have a vein run down un
derneath that there new claim."
"Well, then," said Dick, "we are -
"Naw, nary a bit. 'Taint likely (
anything will happen for three or <
four montls yet, and they'll get
enough of that claim 'fore then."
This conversation occurred in late
April, .-hen men were boring in the
n-'w claim. 'There was excitement In I
the camp, however, when it was ru
mored that some paying ore had been
rtruck. It was later announced that
Wyndham, the mine owner, -was talk
ing of buying the property as soon as
an official essay of the ore nad been
These were bitter days for poor
Dick. Old Bill would reassure him
in his-hours of despondency. "That
there ori Won't assay worth a floor
scrubber's cess, yer'll see."
Even Bill kas nonblussed by the
later news, that the ore had assayed
remarkably rich and that there wasc
a rush to buy. *S don't see how Itc
happened. That there assayer must
be gone luny. I saw some of that ore
myself and it ain't wvorth a quid of I
The great event of the -mining sea
'son was the collapse of the Wynd- -
ham Mining Company. The .mine
has not proved as rich as the assay
had shown. In fact, as old Bill had
said, "It warn't worth much more'n
good buildin' stone." The bankrupt
cy of Wyndham provided good "copy''-"
for the New York and Chicago "yel
lows," which irregularly reached the
camp. Dick read to Bill with great
inward satisfaction, the news that
the engagement of Miss Carstairs and
Mr. Wyndhayn had been broken off
by Mrs. Carstairs, on account of
Wyndham's disastrous failure.
There came a day when Bill no
longer went to the mine, but tossed
about in the delirium of a fever.
The young doctor told Dick that "it
was just drink. Constitution wrecked
by liqluor. He won't last very long."
"Dick, old pardner, I'm off on the
last trail. It's time for me to pull
'stakes, y' see. Y've been a good pal,
Dick airight and I'm sorry to leave
yer. But 'fore I go, I'll tell yer to
watch the north end of the mine.
And in the old box, yer'll fmnd a pack
et 'dressed to the old mother in Wis
consin." He paused for breath as
Dick supported his bead and wet hisI
lips with the medicine. "I'll surely
send it on to her," said Dick..
"Thar ks, pardner, ye re were al
ways a good pal So long-pard
Iwatch the north end. The vein may
The rest of the sentence was lost
in a mutter as old Dill crossed the
Bill's mates in the mine all attend
ed the simple funeral and erected a
rough cross a. the head of the grave.
The days passed into weeks and
Dick worked on in the Carstairs mine.
The machinery on the Wyndham
property still lay idle, a monument
to hasty judgment. The whole story
of the f'ailure was now known. The
original owners of the claim has fol
lowed the assayer's clerk who was
carrying samples of ore to the assay
office. Finding him asleep, with the
ore in a leathern bag under his pil
low, they forced the sharpened point
of a syringe through the leather and
sprayed the samples of ore with chlo
ride of gold.
Toward the end of August Dick
was working in the north of the
Carstairs mine. He was feeling par
ticularly despondent, and was con
sidering leaving the mine, drawing
the few thousand he had left in the
bank at Chicago and again going
back to the humdrum of a Wall street
clerkship. He was wielding his pick
-almost automatically, scarcely heed
n1g where be struck.
A new deep vein of ore had been
~id ..are for some minutes before he
was aware of the fact. Then he
dropped his pick, and groping on
Ihands and knees, he carefully exam
indth ein. A few -more strokes
of his pick and he had grasped the
Carefully covering up the vein
again, he worked hard for a few min
utes breaki-ng up worthless rock with
his pick and carrying it over to the
new veini. Piling rock paintakingly
upon01 it. he worked away till the bell
-rang for the end of the eight-hour
shit. The ca seemed to Dick to
be crawling up to Ie top, and when
t had deposited its load on the sur
:ace he hurried to his tent. Dressing
'imself in the rainent of former
lays. he hired a "buckboard," and
Irove off to the town.
"Reckon young Dick must be go
ng to see a gal over to Charville."
-emarked an astonished spectator.
Naw. he don't go anything on
;als," commented Si. the saloon
teeper. "He's more hxely goin' over
Liter some books or magerzeens.
le's a queer cuss. is Dick."
Dick further astonished the min
ng communh'y by quitting work at
"Allers thought yer'd quit," sen
entiously remarked Si, "yer ain't
he pick and shovel sort. But it's
>een good experience for yer. Bet
'er come into the s'loon, I need a
iew hand and yer'd be husky erough
:o keep the boys straight."
Dick reported that he needed a
'est and change and was going away
n a few days.
But it was many days before he
eft. For the next day the manage
nent of the Carstairs mine discov
red that their latest and richest
rein ran straight through into the
tbandoned Wyndham property. "Old
rohn" made haste to buy, but was
nformed that the deeds of the land
were in the posse::sion of one Richard
eigh, Esq., of New York, who had
)ought the abandoned machinery a
ew days previously for some thou
and dollars and had had the deeds
f the property thrown in.
"Old John" was wise and as yet
carcely any one had been allowed to
iear of the new vein. His agents
pproached Dick and offered him an
xtra thousand for the machinery
Lnd land. Dich dismissed them with
.he information teat he would speak
,o Old John himself. 'That elderly
nine owner was much surprised to
ind that Dick had inside information
LS to the vein and that Dick was
urther prepared to begin mining op
It was about a inonth after the
ew mining firm of Carstairs, Leigh
Company has been incorporated
hat Frances, from her old position
>n Dick's shoulder, was talking over
"And I said you would find the
nine, didn't I. Dick, dear?"
"Of course you did, Frances." an
wered the man of mines, "mine at
ast by a mine."-A. J. Thomas, in
It is interesting to learn from a
istinguished expert in nervous de
angements - in other words, an
'alienist"-that the tendency to sui
ide in hot weather 1s due to a sort
if exaggerated laziness.
Silver-on-glass mirrors have been
ong familiar. In a new process an
inglish electrician deposits copper
rom the black oxide by ele-trolytie
seans, and produces veryb'ffiiliant
mirrors of a lbinfilm' of copper on
A diamond burning in the electric
rc- was lately exhibited on a screen
y Sir William Crooaes. The stone
ould be seen to sprout and swell and
lacken under the intense heat until
othing remained but a swollen lump
Carefully suspended thermometers
tave shown a German chemist very
sateral differences in the tempera
ure of an ordinary air oven -whether
eated by gas or electricity, with me
allic or porcelain walls, with air
entilator open or shut. The tem
serature in two of the corners is usu
.Ily much higher-often as much as
.7 C.-than it is in the other two
orners or the centre.
Dr. See proves that the rigidity of
he earth's crust is about equal to
hat of granite, which is one-sixth
hat of steel, and that toward the
entre the rigidity rapidly increases.
Lt the earth's centre the imprisoned
natter is at an enormously high tem
erature, yet under the tremendous
>ressure there at work, kept three
imes more rigid than the nickel
teel used in the armor of a ,battle
According to the best authorities,
ess than one thousandth-millionth
>art of the sun's rays reaches the
~arth. It is fortunate that this is so.
t any considerable concentration of
he rays upon our plant would
peedily destroy it. According to the
ame account, if all of the ice at the
orth Pole were so piled that the
eat of the sun could be focused on
t it would dissolve at the rate of
~00,000,000- of miles of solid ice per
It may surprise many readers to
earn that ores of lead and other met
ls may contain sufficient water to
ncease very materially their weight.
'his fact is the basis of a decision.
ecently rendered by the United
tates general appraisers, that eus
:oms ofiicials have no right to compel
mporters to pay duty on moisture in
res. In the case on which the deci
sion was based, one car of lead ore,
coming from British Columbia,
weighed 62,050 pounds gross, but
with the moisture removed, only 60,
373 pounds. The figures for another
ear were respectively 63,104e pounds
and 63,052 pounds. The local ap
paisers applied to the moist ore the
percentage of lead found in a dried
sample, and this the general apprais
ers decided was wrong.
Balloons For brides.
The gallant of old, like young
Locninvar, used to lift his bride to
lis saddle, and ride away; the post
chaise did duty later on; then we
came by degrees to the carriage and
pair, the railway coupe, and the
motor. Now the balloon is proposed.
But the glorious uncertainty of the
balloon will not commend itself to
brides. What woman, newly mar
ried, would care to i'isk the possibili
ty of descending fifty or more miles
from her t+ns?-o.Tndon World.,
Uncle Sam's Road Work.
Probably no field of work is of
greater interest to the public at large
than the improvement of the high
ways. The Office of Public Roads, as
now constituted, writes a correspond
ent from Washington, D. C., repre
sents a distinct stage in the develop
ment of the work undertaken by the
Federal Government in 1893 by the
establishment of the Office of Road
Inquiry. At the time of the estab
lishment of the office, the lack of a
knowledge of existing conditions was
a serious hindrance to an intelligent
application of any plan for road imi
provement. The name originally
chosen for the office was suggestive
of the purpose of Congress, which
was to inquire into system of road
management throughout the United
States, and into methods of road
making, and to disseminate informa
tion as to the results of such inquir
In a recent report on the subject
the Secretary of Agriculture said the
most important result which has
been attained up to this time, wheth
er produced by influence in or out
side of the Office of Public Road In
quiries, is that the people in all parts
of the country are now interested in
the subject of road improvement.
and are seeking such information as
will enable them to carry on the
work along intelligent lines. It was
found, therefore, that the collection
of information must of necessity be
come only one feature of the work
of the office, and that facilities must
be provided for answering as well as
awakening inquiries. At the same
time the necessity for demonstrating
scientific and economical methods of
road construction instead of mere
agitation has been clearly estab
While it is known in a general way
that some parts of the country have
progressed much further than others
in the matter of road improvement.
there is little available Information
regarding what has been accomplished
in the various States and counties.
If comprehensive statistics were
available it would be shown that.
large sums .of money are anAually
wasted in some sections,- while in
others surprisingly satisfactory re
sults are obtained at a moderate
cost. The office is now bollecting in
formation from every county In the
United States in regard to the mile
age of improved and unimproved
roads. the amount of cash tax, bonds
issued, and other information of a
similar nature. No more telling ar
gument for reform in wasteful meth
ods can be adduced than to bring
home to every county just what re
sults they are obtaining as compared
with the results obtained by other
counties at a similar cost.-The Au
The Split Log Road Drag.
Ten years ago a Missouri farmer
who had grown tired of wading
through a "slough of despond" every
spring when the roads were soft and
who had seen his neighbors lose time.
money and patience wnen their wag
ons were hub deep in the mire or
their horses tugging and straining in
their harness to get a half load to
market, decided that there must be
scme remedy for this condition. One
day, in thinking it over, he made the
astonishing .discovery that what
made the roads muddy was mud, and
if the road was worked into such
a shape that the water would drain
off instead of soaking into the
ground after every rain the roads
would cease to be muddy.
By means of three Inches of fence
board he rigged up a home made
contrivance out of an old wooden
pump stock that the frost had
spoiled and an oak post. He nailed
these together so that they were held
parallel to each other. Then he made
a rough plank platform on which to
stand, and by means of wire hitched
his team to this clumsy affair at such
a point that it would drag along over
the road with 'a slant of about forty
He began with the road that ran
in front of his own farm. When it
was at Its worst he drove up and
down, from his own front gate to
that of his nearest neighbor. Like a
huge mason's trowel smoothing off
mortar it scraped along, cutting
down the inequalities and rough
places and filling tip the wagon ruts.
He kept at it, and after a number of
draggings, in place of the flat basin
that had served as a water course for
every storm to settle in he had built
up a r'oad with a crown and surface
that was smooth enough to shed
water "like a duck's back." In short,
he simply demonstrated the sound
ness of his major premise. "if I can
get rid of the mud the roads will
cease to be muddy." The device he
made he called a "split log road
drag."-Claud H-. Miller, in Farming.
A Princely Signalman.
While Prince Arthur of Connaught
and his suite were recently traveling
by steamer along a Canadian river a
man standing on the bank began
w'aving a pocket handkerchief on a
stick. and the Prince, taking his own
handlkerchief from his lpocket, waved
back again. Then, turning round to
the bystanders Princ:3 Arthur said:
"The man signaled the words 'Wel
come to Canada,' and I have replied,
'Thank you.' "~ - New Haven Palla
"Labor like the ant." advised thc
The lazy boy sulked. Presently he
rushed back in great gle.
"Oh, mamma!" he exclaimed, ex
citedly. "Can I labor like the ant
"You certainly can, my son," re
plied the de'i;;hted mother. "jut
what prompted you so suddenly?"
"Why, I jusit found an army of
ants laboring around :'our jam-jars."
...Chicago Daily Nns
: 110usEhald attEr's.
A very pleasant and healthy vari
ation of the meat, jam, egg or water
cress sandwich can be made with the
assi tance of the nutritious currant.
Take a teacupful of currants and rub
them in a cloth, then butter rather
thick some thin slices of bread.
Cover the buttered bread all over
with currants. sift L very little sugar
over them, and make into sand
wiches. This satisfying little novelty
is wonderfully appreciated, and will
not fail to delight the children.
The Foundation For Duiaplings.
No. 3. Mix thoroughly with one
quart of flour three teaspoonfuls of
baking poirder and one small tea
spoonful of salt. Rub in a piece of
butter or lard the size of an egg. and
then add one medium-sized potato,
grating it with the flour. After the
butter is well mixed stir in sufficient
milk to knead to the consistency of
biscuit. dough. Break off pieces of
the dough. fill with strawberries,
raspberries or blackberries, and
steam in an earthen dish until the
dough is cooked through. Serve with
No. .2. Grease six cups and line
with a dough made as described
above. Wet the edges, fill with fruit
and sugar and cover with the paste.
Put in shallow stewpan with boiling
water reaching half way up the side
of the cups. Stew thus forty-five
minutes. Turn out on a heated dish.
sprinkle with powdered sugar and
serve with a spice sauce.
Bureau Drawers That Stick.
"Patrons come to me every day
and say that the drawers of dressers
and other furniture stick fast, and
cannot be opened or shut without
great difficulty," said the ~complaint
man" in a down-town furniture
store. "This is a trouble with much
furniture, especially that which is
new, and is especially common in the
"What do we do in such cases?
We simply tell the customers to wet
the surface of a bar of common laun
dry soap and rub it firmly over the
parts of the wood that stick. This
makes the surface smooth and slip
pery, and in nearly all* cases the
drawer will slide easily, especially
after it has been opened and shut a
"This also is valual le with doors
which, in new flats. are likely to set
tle or are apt to scrape at the top
as the building settles. Just use
soap on them and save the trouble
of calling in a carpenter, who will
plane the varnish off.
"China cabinet doors, with curved
glass, cause us a lot of trouble, but
most of the tightness can be reme
ied by the use of soap and a few
pplications of sandpaper."
jIINTS FOR, THE'
To Give Gloss to Linen-If a gloss
n linen is desired, add a teaspoon
ful of salt to the starch when making.
Stains on Marble-A paste of crude
potash and whiting brushed over a
grease spot on marble will remove
For Brass Fixtures-TO clean brass
fixtures, apply lemon juice with' a
:loth, then wash with warm water
and rub dry with a chamois skin or a.
To Clean Wall Paper-Wall paper
that has been soiled In spots m'ay be
cleaned and freshened by rubbing
down with bread or applying corn
meal with a cloth.
To Counteract Salt-If too much
salt has been added to soup, slice a
raw potato and boil it in tne soup for
a few minutes. The potato will ab
sorb much 'of the salt.
Inspecting Jellies-Jellies shotuld
be inspected during long spells of
damp weather, a very little dampness
in the place where the jellies are
kept will often spoil them.-E. R. B.
Tossing the Baby-It is dangerous
to toss the baby. Many a child has
been attacked with convulsions be
cause of being tossed. Move the baby
gently up and down. It w1ll aid in
Saucepan Cleaning-To cleanse a
burnt saucepan, fill it with cold
water and add a tablespoonful of
soda, also a teacupful of wood ashes5
'if obtainable. Place over a fire and
allow to come to a boil.
To Remove Grease Spots-Cover a
grease spot on matting with French
chalk and sprinkle benzine on it.
Allow the benzine to evaporate and
brush off the chalk, when the grease
spot will have disappeared.
House Plants-Improper drainage
is responsible for many failures with
house plants. Have some porous
substance at the bottom of the pot
which will retain moisture and vet
permit the water to run through.
Scouring Tin-Ker'osene oil is ex
cellent for scouring any bright p01
Iished me:al, especially tin. Diip the
scouring cloth in and with very lit
tle rubbilag the tinware or article
may he kept bright as when new.
Pure Air For Sick Room-It is
sometimes not permissible to open
the window of a sick room and yet
he heavy atmospher'e needs chang
ing. This can be done by setting
afire a #ew spoonfuls of cologne is a
Cleaning Windows Without Soap
-If you wish your window panes to
be bright and clear, use no soap on
hem, but sprinkle ammonia in the
water with .'hich they are washed.
If newspaper is used for drying, a
fine polish will be obtained.
Keeping~'Mums over Winter--Put
the chrysanthemum 1lants that you
are keeping over winter in the cel
lar and keep them moderately dry.
The winter is their resting time,
therefore do not water them too
much nor keep them dust dry. Slips
can be freely taken from them in the
spring, when they take cn new life
TOPICS OF IMTEREST TO THE PLANT
Raising Mules in Georgia.
It is certainly refreshing to meet
up with a man in the South who is
making a success in raising live
stock. it is quite a common thing to
Eud a farmer who is raising ho;s and
some cattle. but it is very rare to find
one engaged in raising mules. Last
week we met Mr. J. MeWhorier, of
Beardstown. in Oglethorpe County,
Georgia. who is a successful merchant
and farmer. In conversation with
him he informed 6s that he was rais
ing mules on a small scale and was
very much pleased with the result.
He has six mares and raises six mules
a year. This spring he sold one of
his raisings for $210.10. The mule
did not cost him any greater outlay
of money than he would have had to
expend in raising two bales of cotton,
and yet brought him just twice as
much. The farmers are right in not
having any but large, heavy mules.
It takr.s power to pull the plow deep.
Paying 1200 and more for a mule
has began to open our farmers' eyes
to the vast drain upon our cotton
crop that is annually being made to
keel) up the enormous supply of
mules. Now, let us go a step fur
ther and begin to raise them. Per
cheron mares make fine working ani
mals and will breed large mules.
Every man who has as much as 200
acres of land or a good pasture should
also have at least two good mares to
raise mule colts. A fine jack should
be in every county site in our South
land. The mule will always be large
ly used by our cotton producers, then
why not raise them, since rye, wheat,
oats, peas, velvet beans, sorghum,
Bermuda, alfalfa will grow here with
us just as well as any where on
earth if we only give them a good
chance. We feel a deep interest in
Mr. J. L. McWhorter's venture. We
hope he will persevere, and we trust
hundreds of our successful farmers
will join with him in this Important
and long neglected branch- of farm
ing. We feel better since we know
there is one man raising mules in
Georgia. In LaGrange they have a
fine jack, and many farmers are rais
ing one or two mule colts, but we
don't know of any man who has as
many as six brood m-ares. So many
are talking of the scarcity of labor.
Build good Bermuda pastures and
raise mule colts. They will gather
most their food themselves and con
vert it into a valuable and saleable
shape. Here's to the Georgia mule,
may his tribe increase. And so may
the enterprising number who will
join Mr. McWhorter in his effort to
diversify our farming and to render
our South more sustaining.--South
Making Pork on Peanuts.
Trhe peanut does not yield zin~ the
Northern States as it does South.
There they grow large crops of them
in light sandy soil that will produce
little else. O-1e of the large growers
of peanuts in the South in a letter to
the Southern Cultivator praises the
crop as very profitable for hog rais
ing and fattening. He says: The pea
nut has many advantages over other
crops. First, it has no Insect enemy;
second, it will withstand more dry
weather than any other crop, and
third, poor sandy land 'that will not
pay in any other crop will make a
fine crop of peanuts. I had this year
twenty acres In peantits that easily
made fifty bushels per acre -on land
that would not make over eight bush
els of corn without fertilizer. The
vines made, the finest hay I ever fed
when properly cured. If you pull
them up in the evening and the sun
shines the next day in the evening
take them in and you will have the
sweetest hay you ever saw. My
horses will leave alfalfa to eat pea
nut hay cured in this way.
The peanuts are the finest hog feed
I ever fed. If you want to feed your
hogs on peanuts have a block in your
barn or crib and a sharp hatchet and
you can chop ofif the bunch of pea
nuts from a pint to nearly a quart on
each root. You can chop off two
bushels of peanuts while you are
shelling one bushel of corn. They
will fatten hogs faster than anything
else and keep them healthy.
Some people say there is no money
In peanuts, but there is, for I get
money the year round for mine. I
am now supplying. two stores, be
sides using the nuts to fatten my
hogs. The vines or hay I feed to my
horscs and cows.
Destroying the Blue Thxisle.
E. V. C., Vesuvius. writes: I have
a field that had wheat on it that was
out in June which is nearly blue with
the blue thistle. Several persons
have told me to dig them up and
burn them. I want to sow wheat on
the land this fall. H-ow would you
advise me to ge. rid of the thistles?~
Answer-it the thistles hare not
Items of Interest.
Mexico is believed to be seeking to
ain control of- the Mexico Central
Railway as a meaus of stopping rate
Bryan made an address at Colum
bia, S. C.. and then started for Geor
A tumor on the brain has driven
George Painter of Stephens City, in
Thomas W. Alexander who disap
pea red from Augusta. G;a.. after hav
ing defaulted for $20.000 was arrest
ci in Pittsburg, Pa.
President Benjamin Ide Wheeler,
of the University of California. in an
address at the commenlcemfent of Le
laud Stanford University. argue
against the spelling ref~ormn advocat
ed by President Roosevelt.
The American warships arived al
Giraltair in time to take part im tne
e..r.al of Admiral Chicester.
ARM : f0TES.
ERt, SyOCKMANANIO TRUCK G.6WER.
gone to seed. I would plow them un
der as deeply as possible. If they
are about ready to seed, cut them and
burn them, and then break the land
and fallow it thoroughly. It Is late
to sow cowpeas to advantage, but in
an ordinary season, you might have
used cowpeas to advantage as they
make an excellent smother crop and/
would help to hold the thistles in
check. Persistent hard work is the
only way by which you can hope to
control the thistles, but it will pay
you to attack the problem with all
vigor you possess for it is an unusu
ally pernicious weed and one ex
tremely difficult to eradicate, but if
-ou do not battle with it persistently
it will soon spread all over your farm
and get to be an intolerable nuisance.
By the blue thistle you probably
mean the Canadian thistle.-Prof.
With One Eye Open.
Grease is cheaper than axles or
A little lime scattered about will
Those second-crop potatoes will be
among the best things on the table
Entomology makes great divisions
in the family of mosquitoes; but they
all seem to have about the same
Right along now is a good time to
make out the program for next year.
The ancients consisted of two
classes: 1st, those who were willing
to learn. 2-1, the others.
A good sort of education is that
which enables one to do the right
thing, at the right place, at the right
If the mosquito bills are too sL.arp,
pour a few drops of kerosene on any
surface water about the premises.
.Plowing. wet land is....oring- for
nothing and taking money out of the
crop with which to pay for the privi
We are all failures, now, aren't
we? The difference is that some
give up while the others keep going.
-Postal, Pitt County, North Caro
lina, in Progressive Farmer.
How to Deal With the Ducklings.
To raise young ducks successfully,
the best way is to treat them almost
like a pig, confine them in a small,
grassy yard with a coop or a box for
a roosting place. Feed them four or
five tjmes a day or more, from the
'left overs" from'the dinner table
cold vegetables, etc. Mix this with
buttermilk and feed In a. trough as
you would a pig, not forgetting to
provide them wtth one-third the bilk
of their ration with sand, for they
do not pick grit as does the chicken,
but eat sand or even mud with their
They need no exercise, and only
enough water to drink-none to
swim in, or even get the down on
them wet. They delight to fill their
craws full, then sit quietly down
near the trough and cut their eyes
up to the sun, first one side then the
other, until the spirit moves them
again to hit the feed trough. A fat
tening hog is modest in its demand
for food as compared with a flock of
healthy Pekin ducks. a month old,
but then it Is not watch Charlotte, but
the ducks grow.--Uncle Jo0, Mecklen
burg County, North Carolina.
Why Legumes Enrich.
According to the scientific experts
each acre of yourfarmhas 75,000,000
pounds of nitrogen suspended in the
air over It. That nitrogen is worth
fifteen cents a pound to you, and
each acre has $11,250,000 in nitro
gen value fioating over it.
Your land can not directly drawy
the valuable nitrogen from the at
mosphere and utilize It In the grow
ing of crops. You have no available
mechanical or chemical means by
which you can force the air to drop
its nitrogen upon your soil. Never
theless, nature. makes it possible for.
you to draw to a certain extent upon
the cast stores of nitrogen above
y~ur far~m. One class of plants, the
legumes, is endowed by nature with
the power to draw nitrogen from the
atmosphere and store it In the soil
for a time. The familiar clovers, th
cowpeas, the soy-beans and the wo
derful alfalfa belong to t'tis valuabi
class of plants, and you can use the
to draw from the air in the nitrogen)
our soil needs and must have in
order to be able to produce large and
good crops. An acre of legumes will
draw from the air about 200 pounds
of nitrogen, and it will enrich y
soil in the most effective way at' the
lowest possible cost.
Albino lobsters are sometimes
found. There is one in the Univer
sity museum at Oxford which is two
The Pacitie Mail Company's stbam
er Manchuria, which grounded on a
reef near Honolulu August 20, has
The steamer Mongolia, a sister ship
of the Manchuria, ran aground on
Tucker county, West Virginia,
Democrats nominated a county ticket
and endorsed William J. Brayn.
issouri lRepublicans arc urging
Roouvelt to run for President agaia.
A monument to George Washingtonl
was unveiled at Budapest, Hungary.
TePal ma Government has hasten
ed oso the Cuban revolution, and
efforts are being made to co'mplomise
with the insurgents.
At present the United States Ma
rine Corps has over 7.000 men in ac
tive service, tha legal limit of the
corps bing 9..000.