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DUMH 'IN A WREC~K
f atal Collision Near Winnsboro
ThREE DIE AT THEIR .OSTS
Fast Freight and a Light Engine
Fron Charlosec Collide on a Curve
anid Three Trainmen Meet Instant
Dexh-A Colored Fireman Fatally
Hut-Wreck Alleged to be Due
Taikre of an Operator to Deliver
Orders Though the Young Man
Denmes Responsibility-Trains Only
Slightly Delayed by the Accident.
Columbia, S. C.. Special.-A fast
freigh: and light engine came together
near Winnsboro Sunday morning on
the Southern in a head-on collision.
The dead are:
D. M. Dixon, white, conductor on
Jas. T. McPherson. Jr., white, fire
man -on engine.
Henry Pile, engineer on light en
The injured are: James G. Price,
white. engineer on freight.
Charles D. Weir, white brakeman
Henry Gates, colored. fireman on
reight. Will die.
Orders Never Delivered.
rhrough freight No. 74. north
bound. carrying a load of lumber and
Ither goods, left Columbia on time
Sunday morning at 2:10. Orders were
iven by the disioatcher here show
that extra 1engie No. 1626.
-outhbound, had the right of way of
he track to Winnsboro. The order
wvas never delivered to the crew ->f the
freight train. The operator at the
B!anding stree station of the South
rn gave the conductor and engineer
f the freight two other orders and
-btained their sigaturps, but he, for
ome reason, faile:d to transmit this
oe. His name is Blolick and he is a
voung man just in his 20th year.
Kills an Entire Family.
Houston, Mo., Special.-Barney
Parsons. a farmer, his wife and three
-hildren, were murdered Friday near
Lickington. Mo. A farmer iamed
Hamilton has been arrested charged
with the murder and is said to have
-onfessed. Parsons had sold his farm
and crops to Hamilton, and it is
alleged that the men quarreled over
the terms of the sale. Parsons and
FairlV set out from their former home
n a covered wagon bound for Mis
found shot to death and the mother
and three childr(a had b.--n ciubbd
o death. .Jodq Hamilton. the alleged
murderer, is i.i th-: Ik-uston .Jail.
strongly guiarded to prevent lynching.
Hie is said to have mnade a complete
SCRUSHED TO DEATH BY
S\ Little Girl, with Foot Caught in Cat
tle GurCrushed to Dpa1th 'by
Train Wh'ile Six Ycar Old C'om
paz ion Vain-y T-~ed to Stosp Trai'
La C'ros-:e. Wis.. Special.-Stand
ug helpless with hecr foot caught in
e autleguiard at Indian Hill erss
ing seveni-yea.r-old Mimie Hunt
wiatched the onr ruishing raini which
kiled her wvhile IDagna Sentad, her
sitx-year-old companion 'vainly tried
to signal the enin~eer.
9Sitting upon a brake wheel on top
of the train was John Hunt. the~ g~irls
rather. a brakemnan. unconscious that
hits child was beinz .zroted to death
'I beneath theC wheels.
The girls wecre- returning from
school when the H~unt ehild's foot
SLodxz. llussian Polanid. By Cable
An"other Tlerrori -. (,I1Condemed -to
death hv the drumhlead courtmnar
Gal, was executedj here. The !zeneral
strike is in full swing. There is no
t radie in the streets. no paer were
published and strong detachments of
troops are guading the main thor
ouLhara':s. Police seara'hes have reC
SSUltit in a great number of arrests.
$200,000 Incendiary Fire.
Charlottetown, P. E. I.. Special.
More than 50 buildtings we(re dlestroy
by a fire which ruined o'ne fourth
the town of Suinmerside. the cap
a! of Prine co(unty. T'he toital less
estaimed at. 0,00, with inisur
ne of on!ly ab)Io 650.000. A pt
three hundred fee: in idth and near
lya raile long Isas; burned throtugh
the town'. The buildings destroyed
.luded t he colurt houts?, jail. electrie
hg.1st~ation, pos!4fice. jour hotels
::ndi two chuirches, besides the railway
stat ion and nan: d welli ns. It is
beliered that the :ie was oi inceu-.
Bad Croatan Killed.
Oxenidine. a Croatan. was kille'd ,Sun
day afterno'on by .Tohn Locklear. alho
a (Croatan. The kiliniu' took plaece
about i l mile5. from Lumnberton. nean
Baie. i s countyI . Loc-kieur m*namv t
B-aker, at 11:.e- a deputy sh1erf. stur
loded in jail. Locklarn-mloyed
an al torney and wi not. alk.
iNirw.->. N. Y.. Special.-This
mrning l::r-y1ng d:.wn the limbs of
trees- iand -iegraph wires. Tel
?raphj co!nnicat ion withBffl
was e; . s wereC b1oth the tele
lnv -: conee wvith tha:
-v !enncat ionha not ye
bwen .-. i various r-ail
lit STOLEA MILLION Li
Agent for firm Makes Heavy Ge
Haul of funds
A. CUBAN-AMERICAN FIRM FAILS 110
Assignment of J. M. Ceballos & Co., Get
of New York, Bankers and Mer- t
chants, 'With Liabilities Between t"
$3,000,000 and $4,000,000 is An- A
nounced and Blame Placed Upon A
Absconding of Manuel Silverira, of I
ANw York, Special.-The assign
ment of J. M. Ceballos & Co., bankers
and merchants, with liabilities be
tween $3,000,000 and $4,000,000, was
announced in a statement which de- sta
elared that the failure was due to Sot
the defacaleation and absconding of ing
Manuel Silverira, of Silvarira & Com- wal
pany, Havana, agents of the New stai
York company Silverira's defalcation Sp(
is alleged to amount to about $1,- par
000,000. He sailed from Havana on To
October 2, ostensibly for New York 3
city to consult with the members of pro
J. M. Ceballos & Company, but has res]
not reached this city. Counsel for reg
the asignee said that Silverira left atta
on his steamer, the Caim.ina, for I
parts unknown, accompanied by his quo
wife and children, and that every me:
effort was made to locale him. the
The members of the firm of J. M. quE
Ceballos & Company are J. M. Ce- pre
ballos, John S. Fiske and Anderson thi
C, Wilson. coI
The assignee is Win. H. Rowe, of of
the law firm of Sullivan & Crom- the
w-fll, of this city. Mr. Rowe said the
that the assets of the firm were of a tua
very substantial character, but from tha
a hasty examination it was manifest con
that they would require careful hus- sta
banding. Accountants are now at wh
work on the books of the company. mn
It was stated unofficially that there rea
was ground to hope that the assets qm
would be sufficient to cover the loses ti
of the firm and that it would be tio
enabled to resume business. var
J. M. Ceballos & Company was col
established about 50 years ago and th
has large interests in Cuba, chiefly ee
in the development of railroads and itI
sugar plantations. It operates a line er
of steamers between New York and o
Spanish Earopean centers and Span- tdi
isi-American cities. dij
Urges Negros to Organize. a
New York, Special.-" Such meo
as Hoke Smith, John Temple Graves, me:
Vardaman and Tillman ought never thi:
to be able to obtain any service from sul
a colored man,'' said Osward G. 'Vil
lard, in an address before the Afro- per
American council now in session here pet
Mr. Villard also declared that in hisfo
opinion no negro should ithink of97
ecntributing as much as one cent to
t1 e support of the anti-negro news- jof
pipers in Georgia. He urged the suI
negro to organize to band together re
for his defence and to fi'ght for his gez
rights. "The time is ripe for serv- so
ing notice on the country,'' said he,
"that further efforts in any section
of the land to degrade the negro to eo
a servile position, to create that im- foi
possible thing, a republic with mnil- VO
lions of persons taxed but not rep- pam
resented, shall be fought from now I
on. Leave the murdering in cold cre
blood to the race that proadly calls "or
itself the superior, the better civi- 1
.... .- - nit
Cargo of Chiinese Seized. 'in
Providence, R. I., Special.-After Ipam
having evaded the United States cus- in
toms immigration officers for more not
than two weeks. the schooner yacht wa;
Frolie, which left Placenti, N. F..
with a cargo of contrabrand Chinese me:
inlmigrants, was b)oarded in the -bee
Providence river and confiscated in of
the name of the United States gov- Th:
enent. Two Portuepse members rat
of~ the crew were placed under arrest yem
they being the only persons found yor
6n1 board the boat; three men were sul
arrested on suspicion of being con
eerned in the smuggling of Chinese fac
ir to this country. the
Augusta "Stock Exchange" Fails, me:
Augusta, Ga., Special.-The Au- 'l
gista "stock exchange'' the local ma
branch of the Odell Stock and Pro- on
vision Company, of Cincinnati, 0., plo
failed to open its doors. Manager' tha
Sylvester stated that as far as he Iwil
was concerned the closing was per- thi!
manent. The offieial statement shows Ijas
liabilities -of about $700.' The as- out
sets consist of office furniture. cot
Killed in Baseball Game.
Bolla. Mo.. Specil.-In a baseball
game near the XLaies county line
two young men named Clark and Me- (
Kee, belonging to the same team col- me:
lided with terrifie force while trying eeli
to catch a ball, McKee being killed roa
almost instantly and Clark bemng ren- T,
dered unconsecious. Clark was the T
taller of the two and it is reported Jo1
that his upper teeth struck McKee anm
in the forehead and were broken and col.
imbedded in McKee's skull.sa
Theatrical Company in Wreck. Sa~
Macon, Ga.., Specia.-A mixed
pasenger and freiglt train on the
Saboard Air Line was wrecked near.
Ochillee, Ga.. about nmoon Wednesday
as a result of the track spreadinz. be
The "Human Harits' theatrical an<(
companly andi othe-r pasengers were hor
consderably shaken, but no serious Ins
injury was infieted to) any person. ern:
Considerable damage was done the cer
traini. Wreeking train repaired tc Cat
TIER To STRIKERSI
neral Manager Spencer To I
PES FOR EARLY SETTLEMENT I
eral Manager H. B. Spencer, of
lie Southern Railway, Issues Let
er to Striking Machinists in
Vhich it is Shown That Increase
dready Granted Within Last Fiva
"ears Has Been Out of Proportion
o Earnings-Increases Granted t
[ave Been Substantial-Believed
'hat Differences Will be Amically
pencer, N. C., Special.-The first
,ement from the ofisials of the
[thern Railway Company concern- V
the recent strike on its system ,
received here Thursday. The
.ements is sig!ned by Mr. IL B. b
neer, general manager. and is in ,
t as follows:
Southern Railway Machinists: h
our action. declining to accept the r
position offered by the company 3
pecting rates of pay and rules and e
ulations, has been brought to the e
mtion of the operating officers. a
'ecause of the difficulty of ac- 6
.inting a large body of men, by ,
ums of personal interviews, with
attitude of this company on these ;
'stions, it is deemed expedient to
sent the situation in the forra of
; letter. P
t is the desire and effort of this o
ipany to pay its employes a rate :
wages fairly commensurate with
character of service rendered and t
conditions surrounding the em
yment. That this policy is habi
lly observed is shown by the fact 0
t the basis of wages paid by the i
ipany is always kept substantially e
adard. You will also recall that
ile the rules and regulations now
effect stipulate that the rates ag- 2
I upon will remain in effect one
r, the company has from time to C
e, without waiting for the expria
i of this period, voluntarily ad- E
ted the rates to meet the changed a
ditions. The cordial attitude of E
company towards its employes has A
n further shown by the fact that C
ias from time to time and whenev
desired, received representatives
the respective trades and occupa
is, for the purpose of discussing
ustments of rates of pay and con
ons pertaining to such questions a
e been in all cases amicably ad
-1 * For the past twoa
afhs the operations of the lines of
Scompany effected by the increase
aanded showed the following re-t
nerease in gross earnings, 10.79
cent. Increase in operating ex
ses and taxes 17.02 per cent.
howing a decrease in net earnings
the last two months of $149.
ts the aggregate increases in rates
pay requested amounted to a large
2. thereby adding largely to the al-r
dy heavy operating expenses, a
eral increase is not considered rca
able and therefore could not he
ni addition to this, the company is
fronted bT a serious neitat ion be
e various State commissions in fa
of decreased rates of freight and
senger charges. :vhich., if put into
et. will mean large additional de
ases in the net rennues of the
Inder these circumstances it will be
>rciated that the time is not ro
ious to consider a general increase
wages to emplo~yes. and the comn
iy feels that its employes should
fairness realize the sif i'tion and
.insist on the general mecrease in
n this connection. it must be re
mbered that the company has rot
n unmindful of the just interests
the machinists in its employment.
i is shown by tihe increases of the
es of their pay within the last five
.rs, which, as you are aware from
tr own experience, have been most ij
L fair consideration of the above
ts will, I hope,. convince you that ,
re was no reasonable cat'se forI
tr action in leaving the employ
at of this company.
he gravity of the situation de
ads the most careful consideration
the part of each and every em
ye of this company, and I trust
t, after such consideration, you
I see that your attitude towards
;company has not been entirely
t and that you will feel that you'I
ht not only in justice to this
pany, but in justice to yourselves,
ansider your action.
Both Crews Killed in Crash.
heyenne. Wyo., Special.--Five
2 were killed in a head-on freight
ision on the Union Pacific Rail
d at Ridge, near Laramie, Wyo.,.
dead: Engineer Frank Strong and
n Murray. Fireman Engstrom
Kelley. Brakeman Myers. The
ision was caused by mnisunder
nding of orders.
SDomingo Government Secures
Washingiton,. Special.-Cable ad-I
received here fromn San Do
go state that an agreement ha.
n reached betweeni the governmemt
linsurger.nt for es in the neighibor
,d of Monte misti whereby the
urge'nts wi! e nde to t the :gm'
mecnt and L imardo. v-h.
ducted the (....or.Pre.idr
yeres. willI Governor c'
READY fOR BIDDERS
'anama Canal Will Be Built
By Contract Exclusively
IEAVY BONDING IS DEMANDED
,ontract Provides That Each Bidder
Must Undertake the Entire Work a:
of Construction-Proposals Must d
be in by Noon of December 12.
Washington, D. C., Special.-Invi- i
ations for proposals to complete the
anama Canal were issued by the J
anal commissioners and the form of S
ontract under which the work is to 0
e done was made public by Chair
ian Shonts, who also gave 'out a c
tter written to the Secretary of p
Var, giving the commissioner's rea
ns for contracting the work.
The contract provides that each a
idder must undertake the entire 0
rork of construction. No bar wil a
e offered to corporations associat
I in the undertaking but they a
mst be legally organized into a
ingle body with which the govedn- r
ient can deal. Bidders will not be V
ousidered who do not have avail- s,
ble capital of $5,000,000. A certi- t
ed check for $200,000 is required
ith each proposal, and a bond of 0
3,000,000 will be required from the T
accessful bidder. The bidding is not n
mited to American contraetors. l
roposals are to be in before noon t<
f Dec. 12, when they will be $
pened. Proposafs are to be ex
ressed in terms of percentage upon
he estimated cost of construction, o
rhich is to be fixed by a board of. e
ve engineers, three representing the
overnment and two representing the o
ontractors. The chief engineer of a
ie canal commission is to be chair- n
ian of the engineering board. The 1l
gineering board will also estimate P
reasdnable time for the completion C
f the canal, and will agree on a
stem of premiums and penalities to
e paid to the contractor, according
s the work is completed within or
eyond the estimated cost and time. t
11 the government plant for actual r
obstruction work, including the rail
-ay. is to be placed at the disposal
f the contractor and is to be main-, a
ined by the government..
The contract specifies that the com
ission is to retain control of all
gineering works in connection with ]
he contruction of the canal, also
11 the municipal engineering, thet
olice. sanitary, hospital and com
iissary departments, mess housg,
uarters, construction and main- .
anance of buildings, operation of a
be Panama Railway, and auditing n
epartment to which contractors' as
ounts are to be open and a de- .
,artment of materials and supplies. o
Sixty days after the signing of the j
ontract actual work is to be begun si
n the isthmus, and the contract is t1
o take over all employes on the h
thmus which the commission does o
Lot wish to retain. No American b
mploye is to work fore than eight I
Arested for Abduction. t
Greenville, S. C., Special.-Louis ,
apart, 20) years of age, was arrest- 'J
d in this county, charged with ab- I
lution. The girl in the case is the
dpted daughter of C. R. Williams, g
farmer. Wi1liams pays she told r
m she was 16. They were married a
a a cotton field by a notary, but were tl
aptured before getting out of the C
ounty. Papart is in jail. The girl b
as returned to her home. r:
By Wire and Cable.
The annual fair of the York County ~
Lgricultural Society opened. I
The campaign of Charles E. Hughes r
or Governor of New York will be con- I
uted on State issues solely.
Charles E. riughes opened the Rep
blican -Gubernatorial campaign in
few York by addressing a mass-meet- S
og in Carnegie Hall. e
Charged with "conspiracy against g
rde' in violation of the anti-trust it
aws of the State the Standard Oil f
ompany of Ohio and its alleged eon
tituent companies, the Buckeye pipe t
ine and the Manhattan Oil company. d
vere placed on trial Tuesday be- ti
'ore Judge G. G. Banker, and a jury a
n the probate court of Hancock n
ounty. In the original informationL d
iled last June John D. Rockfeller was t1
nade a party to the suit. but througi. c
e granting of a request for a separ- a
.te trial Mr. Roekfeller will not be a
alled as a defendant until the cast h
ainst the company has been dis- s
Explosion Kills Fouxr.
Tamaqua, Pa., Special.-Four men
erei- killed and one seriously majured!
i an explosion in the dry house a! I
he Dupont Powder Company's plant. r
ine mile north of this town. Tht
Lead are Thomas Purcell, Wilson Sas- ~
aman, Calvin Gerber, Edward Theis'l
tach. Loran Dewire, a painter, ha<!
ne of his legs blown off. The shoek
rf the explosion was felt 10 inules
Many Dlrowued in Flood.
Mexico City, Mex.. Speeial-Recent
os in the southern part of th<'
tate of Jalisco and in the State o' r
olima have resulted in gr-eat de S
~truction of property and loss of life
fe number of fatalities from dr-owi. y
ug along the line of the Manzanill
'xtension of the Mexican Centre
Railroad is 123. Thousands of toi b
of earth and refeks descended ij:
reat landslides from the mountains. t
Building Roads in Illinois.
Building good roads all over ihe
eti is more gene iral now than ever
ri~g :.o this work in I!ii ois. says:
As a" means of :ucTa :' The peo
Ic to th' advantag--s of eood roads
ad of tie ways and imieLiods to pro
uce them the State highways com
ission of Illinois is pushing as rap
ly as possible the construction of a
umber of experimental roads in var
us sections of the State.
One stretch of road has been com
leted at Salem. Ill. This road is
ist outside the limits of ti'e city of
alem. The highway commissioners
C Salem township applied for bro
en stone, which was furnished them.
nd a piece of road built by the local
>mmissioners; owing to the lack of
roper methods the road thus laid
as poorly made. The State high
ay commission completed about 2,
00 feet of the work with the aid of
steam roller and modern methods
f construction. making as smooth
nd fine appearing a piece of road
s can be found anywhere.
The width of the macadam is
bout fourteen feet and put on eight
ches deep; part of the work was
asurfacing the road laid by the local
Dmmissioners, at the end of which
as about 600 feet of newly con
ructed road. The exact cost of
iis work cannot be ascertained ow
ig to the lack of records on the
ork done prior to that under charge
f the State highway commission.
he estimated cost of this work p-r
ile, including grading and shaping
tie subgrade, hauling the stone a
stance of about a mile and a quar
r, spreading and rolling, is about
2500. The material was furnished
ee by the State from the State
Dek crusher at the Southern Illinois
enitentiary 'at Menard. The freight
a the stone over the Illinois South
rn railroa'd was paid in ballast.
The contrast between the portion
road built with the steam roller
d that upon which the roller was
ot used furnishes a most striking
lustration of the importance of
roper equipment and technical ex
erience in highway construction.
Good Roads and 3[aN.
It is a severe commentary on the
:ate of civilization of this republic
at no first-class wagon or carriage
Dad has as yet been built between
ashington, the capital, and the
earest large city. Baltimore. Such
road is about to be built, and it
ill be constructed by the State of
:aryland. The impulse to perform
tis belated service has sprung from
e good roads movement, which
wes much of its vitality to the auto
iobilists. Under the influence of
tis movement, the vicinity of the na
onal capital of the United States
ay within a dozen years or so be as
rell equipped with roads as Dalmatia
the mountainous districts of Wales
In order not to leave the active
rork of stimulating the construction
good roads entirely to the motor
;ts, the Government is going into it
t some degree In connection with
tie rural free mail delivery. State
ighway officials have been addressed
the subject of road improvement
the United States Department of
~griculture and the Postoffice De
artment, and the construction of
ads is discreetly stimulated along
tie line of more rapid nfiail delivery.
It is to be hoped that the farmers
ill see the point of this argument.
hey certainly ought to. It takes
ss than one-half , the time, a::d
robably costs less than one-half the
oney, to deliver the mail over a
od road than over a bad. If the
ads throughout the country were
good as they are in some parts of
tiis State and of Massachusetts and
onnecticut, the free delivery could
e extended everywhere, for the car
[ers would be able to cover so much
ore ground that the cost of the ser
ice would be greatly reduced.' The
eople of the United States never
aid higher for ,any other extrava
ance than for its indifference to the
iatter of good highways. - New
Active in Road Improvement.
Autoists from all parts of the Key
one State have learned with inter
t that the York (Pa.) Automobile
lub is taking an active hand in the
od roads problem, and is doing all
t its power to have the thorough
ires improved. This latest real work
as been started on the famous Get
sburg pike, which runs from York
iGettysburg, twenty-eight miles
istant. This pike is traveled by
tousands of autoists every summer
d the improvements are badly
eded at certain places. It is the
iret run between New York and
e National battlefield.anfd hundreds.
the metropolitan tourists use it
nually. The pike between York
d WVrightsville, east to the Susque
anna River, is also receiving its
tiare of improvements. This is part
I the same thoroughfare which goes
rough to Philadelphia.
Sir James V'aughu, C:: well known
ondon magistrate. upon his retire
ten said his min-i had become so
lurred with the thousands of cases
had tried that he found it ,Im
ossibe to collect his ideas and rem
iscences. . If I had only known
horthand," he ober-1ved, "what a
aable book l coid have written."
A young au-l pr'Qmpuous' b~V.arris
r was dispu n with Sir James re
arding a cer'tainl iniatter. The mag
;trate maintained that his point of
iew was the corect one, whereupon
e barrister e::eir:1ed: "In that
ase then. I am~ I ia:' " "Well-" re
aie'd Sir.....:s .ughn, as he
miled sw"aly. 'it is s.carcely for me
> cont: adie't a pec:.:al statement
I that kin."-Ceveland Plain
Conscience :n(':er~ ;'t'ivedl yearly
.y the Chanllrko:' the~ E'schequer,
i England, in deault of unpaid
axes, averng6s $;t .000.
TrHORTH LEAU[ LESSONS
SUNDAY. OCTOBER 21.
Studies :n Church Benevolences.
John 20. 21.
The world dependent upon us. Ram.
Comn.ndin, all our resources.
Cor. S. M.
The invesmemi of the whole i-*-.
2 Cor. S. -.
Our rurc inkered L:0 by
impu s.E-. but wL-SeLy. 2 Tim. 2. 4.
Promises to the benevolent. Isa.
58. 6-11. - -
Fidelity to these causes a test of
profession. 1 John 3. 16, 17.
A Commission appointed, by the
last General Conference is at work
upon the task of consolidating the
church benevolerce. But whatever
this Commission may do or whatever
may be thought about the too fre
quent asking f money by the past
ors for the various causes, certain -it
is that not one of these causes will
be dropped out, and for the reason
that not one caB7 be spared from the
The outcry against the collections
arises from the large degree of ig
norance concerning thein which
afflicts a considerable portion of the
First and greatest is the Missionary
cause. Jesas was the first Christian
Foreign Missionary. Before his as
cension he gave this command: "Go
ye Into all the world and preach the
gospel to every creature." What
disciple will dare refuse? Therefore
th'e great business of the church is
the bringing of the world to a. knowl
edge of its Lord and Saviour.
A whole lesson will be given to
this subject, November 4.
Freedmcn's Aid and Southern Educa
What is it for? The establishment
and maintenance of Christian schools
in the sixteen Southern States. Orlr
nally the work was confined to the
colored population, but later it was
found desirable, indeed, imperative,
to extend the benefits of the move
ment to the white people. Education
al advantages in a.l that region were,
and still are, very poor.
The American Bible Society.
It is an interdenominational society,
and nearly all the churches contrib
ute to its funds. In turn the Society
helps the missionary enterprises of
the various denominations by making
grants of Bibles for distribution
among the peoples in missionary
The Board of Education is the
child of American Methodism's Cenr
tennial year, 1866. Its business is
the promotion of the educational work
of the church. It raises funds to be
used for the aid of students and in
stitutions for the purpose of securing
a well-equipped force of men and
women for the ministerial, mission
ary, evangelistic and educational
work of the church. -
The,' Sunday School Union. (See
lesson for August 19.)
The Tract Scciety. Its name is
sufficiently definitive. It publishes
leaflets and pamphlets for wide dis-.
tribution, and grants to our mission
stations money to aid in the publica
tion of religious literature in the var
OCTOBER TWENTY-Fl RST.
Faithfulness-Luke 16:10; 1 Car. 4:
1-5; Rev. 2:10. (Honorary Mem
bers' Meeting.) ,
Fidelity is a habit, and must be
:ultivated in little things, because
great opportunities come too seldom
to form a habit.
Even in what i~ my own, self-re
spect would compel me to be faith
ful; how much more, when I have
.othing that is my own!
No one can be "faithfdl unto
death" without being faithful all his
life; for death may come at any
Fidelity is the crown of life; it is
the splendid flowering and climax of
all our energies and talents.
Faithfulness is built on faith. No
man can be faithful without help from
Faithfulness is more than a deed,
it is a desire; more than doing a
duty, it is loving to do it..s
True fidelity is faithful in the dark.
Faithfulness does noi: consider
ease or difficulty. reward or oblivion,
-omrades or loneliness: it considers
only the commandment.
Many are satisfied with planning
ftur-e fidelity, which is like making a
meal on pictures of food.
Praise for faithfulness is like
wreaths about an engine: the engine
will work without them.
The longer a tower stands the more
ikely it is to fall: but the longer
'tthfulness endures the more certain
The longer a horse obeys his rider,
the fewer commands he needs. So
our obedience will unite our wills
with the will of God.
It goes a great way toward making
n man faithful, to let him understand~
that you th.nk him so.-Seneca.
Nothing is more noble. nothing
mor-e venerable, than ildelity.--Ci
athfulness can feed on suffering.
snd knows no disappointment.
APPLYING MANUE TO LAND.
Whenever it Is possible manure
should be taken directly to the field
from the stable and spread at once,
not left in heaps to await a more eon
venient time. Manure cannot be kent
by any method of storing so there
will not be loss in a greater or less
Fermentation always means a
breaking down and loss of nitrogen
compounds that pass away as gas.
and consequently the sooner manure
is got onto and under the soil the
less will be the loss. Nitrogen is
worth fifteen cents a pound, if bought
in a fertilizer, and it consequenti
takes but a short time for a ferment
ing heap of manure to lose many dcl
lars' worth of nitrogen,-Hioard's
THE SUNDAY SCHOOL.
INTERNATIONAL LESSON COM
MENTS FOR OCTOBER 21.
Subject: The Parable of the Talents,
Matt. xxv., 14-0--Golden Text,
Pror. xxviii.,20--Memory Verse,
21-Topic: Fidelity to Duty.
I. The servants reecve the tal
ents (vs. 14-18). 14. "A r-an
Christ represents Himself as a man
going into another country, or heav
en. "Called his own servants." The
outward framework of the parable
lies in the Eastern way of dealiig
with property In the absence of the
owner; the more primitive way be
ing for the absentee to make his
s.aves his agents. The apostles,
ministers, all true Christians, are the
servants of Christ. "His goods."
The "goods" are the Lord's; all we
have belongs to God.
15. "Five talents." The Interna
tional Bible gives the value of a tal
ent of - silver in the Old Testament
period at $1920, and In the New
Testament period at $1146. The tal
ents represent all of those peculiar
gifts which God has given us in this
world. "His several ability." The
slaves of the Greeks and Romans
,were often men of great attainments
16. "Then." "Straightway." R.
V. We are here taught a lesson IA
promptness. "Went and trade.
We now see the use that the servants
made of their master's goods. Two
out of the three improved upon the
trust committed to them. "Other
five." He who receives much from
God must make an improvement
upon the whole, while of the one
who:receives little but little is re
18. "Digged in the earth." This
is the peculiar temptation of the man
who has little ability, and he sullenly
retires from a service in which -he
cannot shine and play a conspicuous
part. "Hid his lord's money." He
did not embezzle or squander it, but
he hid it. How sad to bury one's
II. Faithful service rewarded (vs.
19-23). But while this no doubt re
fers to His s-sond coming, yet there
are many comings - in the great
crises of life, in times of trouble, and
especially In the hour of death. 19.
"A long time." Time enough was
given for improvement "Cometh."
Christ Is certain to come. The time
may seem long, but let as not be de
ceived-He is coming again.
20. "Brought other five." 1. The
good servant was ready. 2. There
was nothing hid; he rendered a full
acco"nt. 3. He came joyfully. 4.
Quickly. 5. Without fear; there
was no confusion. He knew he was
right and he came with confidence.
"Thou deliveredst unto me." Rec
ognizing that all he had belonged to
his master. "I have gained." H?
had put forth an effort. Those peo
ple who fold their arms and talk
about trusting God will find, sooner
or later, that God does not help the
21. "Well done." The master
gives his full and hearty approval.
"Thou good." It is possible to be
"good" even In this sinful world, to
be pure and upright within. "Faith
ful." Faithfulness rather than sue
cess was rewarded. "Over a few
things." At best we can do but lit
tle for the Lord here. "Ruler over
many things." Whe faithful one is
made tuler over a larger sphere.
"Joy of thy lord." We are not only -
to have the joy of the Lord In'us, but
we are to enter into His foy.
22. "Two talents." This servant
had been as faithful and sucessful
as the one who received fire talents.
23. "Well done." The rewards were
according to his ability. He 'coud
not have handled or enjoyed more.
III. Unfaithfulness punished (u's.
24-30). 24. "I knew thee." No
person really knows Christ who
thinks Him a hard master,. "An
hard man." This servant entertains
hard thoughts of his lord. "Gather
ing where thou didst not scatter"
(R. V.) This was not atrue charge,
for each one received much more
than he had gained; God always lib
erally rewards all who serve Him.
25. "1 was afraid." All sinners
are afraid. "Thou hast thine own"
(R. V.) He seems to boast of his
honesti anW urghtneus 26.~
"Wicked and slothful." His master
was not to be trifled with. "Thoiz
knewest." Out of thine own moutk
shalt thou be judged.
27. "Thou oughtest." The fact -
that he knew what his master re
quired was a reason why he should
have used the talent. God appeals
to us as "reasonable" beings and
tells -as what we "ought" to do.
"Exchangers." "Bankers." R. V..
Literally, "To those who- stand at ta
bles," because the bankers had ta
bles before them. "With interest"
(R. V.) His, master had a right to
expect a reasonable profit from the
labors of his- servant 28. "The tal
ent from him." The unfaithfu-l serv
ant is not only reproached by his
master, but he is actually punished.
He loses what he had failed to use.
29. "Shall be given." The one
who really has powers and abilities,
and makes good use of them, to
him shal be given greater posses
sions. "Shall be taken away." From
hign that hath not,. even that whieb
he seemeth to have (Luke 8:I1g
shall be taken away. 30. "Unprof
itable " He was cast into outer
darkness, merely because he was un
profitable and idle and buried his
talent. "Outer darkneos." Those
who, fail to obey Christ will be cast
from His presence. The punishment
of the wicked will be terrible and
Sift together one heaping pit of
* four, half a teaspoonful of salt, a
teaspoonful and a half baking pow'der
and a teaspoonfu-1 of sugar. Add a
tablespoonful of butter and with..the
tips of the'fingers. rub fine.in the
ficur. Best tw-o eggs until light,. add
to them one pint milk and mix quick
ly with the flour into a rather stiff
btter. Pour a few spoonfuls of tle
best drippings from the roast into a
long tin pan, brushing all over the
pan or, if preferred, ese small gem
pans, heating and greasing n the
same way. Pour in the batter and
bake in 's medium hot oven thirty or
forty minutes, basting frequently with
drippings from the beef. In servmng
lay the meat on a hot platter and gar
nish with pujdding cut in squares5 or
small puddings. Another way is to
have the pudding baked undernleath
the meat. In this' case. w:hen tihe
meat Is half cocked lift ento the rnck
Iand set the pan with pudding undier
neath the meat, so that the drippinga
il maln on the rmyiug below.