Newspaper Page Text
0 UTHERN s:.
TOPICS OFiNTERES 'TO it HPLANI
Applying Lime on Red Clay Land.
R.W. M.. Knoxville, Tenn.. writes:
"'Will it pay to burn lime to 'bring up
the soil in this section of the State?
I have two kinds of soil-a red clay,
and a darker soil with slate subsoil.
I have limestone at hand and could
burn it at a reasonable cost, but
would like your opinion before build
ing the kiln."
Answer-It is rather a dificult
problem to determine the degree of
activity in a soil correctly, but ex
-perience seems to indicate that there
is much more land of and acid re
action than seems probable on the
first consideration of the subject. In
fact, the continued cultivation of the
land seems to favor the development
-of an acid condition of the soil. The
presence of red sorrel is also an evi
dence of acidity. You can test the
acidity of the soil with a fair degree
of success by the use of a piece of
blue litmus paper. Take a handful
of the soil two or three inches-from
the surface, Plilverize finely, moizsen
well with water and insert the lit
mus paper in it and leave for a few
moments. If it turns red it is an
evidence that the soil is acid, -and un
der these- conditions it should pay
you to use lime. Lime may be ap
plied at the rate of 500 to 0000
pounds. A good applict.tion is 2000
pounds per acre. The cheapest lime to
apply to the land is . robably that
which is freshly burned and allowed
to slake. It may be distributed over
'he groand with a manure spreader
or a lime spreader machine. Lime
should be applied to the surface of
the ground and worked in with a
harrow. It is probable that both
kinds of your soil will be benefited
by an application of lime. Lime, of
course, is not a fertilizer in the sense
of supplying a large amount of plant
food to the soil. It is more of a cor
rective of soil conditions. It over
comes the acid condition already
mentioned, sets free stores of potash
and phosphates that may -not be in
an available form, chauges the me
chanical condition of the soil, makes
clay soils more porous through the
plocculation of the particles of Thich
they are composed, anc. enables the
growth and development of certain
forms of bactorial life essential to
crop production. Lime thus has
many important and useful effects on
the soil, and if used in moderate
amounts and not oftener -han every
third or fifth-year, it should not in
jure the soil. If used continuously it
will cause soil exhaustior. or the
burning up of the humus or organic
matter in the soil.-Knoxville Tri
Making Home Lot Attractive.
~When we bought ou~r old place in
1891 there was not a shingle on the
bouse. which was very old-fashioned.
Everything about the place looked
'hopelessly "gone to seed." We could
see great possibilities in both house
and surroundings, and went to work
to transpose both house and land into
an ideal, ruralistic, simple, unpreten
tious home, with delightful surround
ings. The house, built in 1848, stands
about seventy feet from the street.
'The lot is 2-55 feet front by 1320 feet
'deep. There is a privet hedge in
front the full length of the frontage,
planted six years ago. We cut it
twice a year and well down to the
There were thirty very old apple
trees on the place. These we turned
into objects of beauty by pruning and
shaping, resulting in a profusion of
blossoms and a bountiful yield of fair
fruit. We have added cver 100 fruit
-trees to the place, Including cherries,
'plums, pears, peaches, apples, crab
- apples, quinces, etc., most of whl.v
.are bearing. Have quite a collection
-of semi-tropical trees andI shrubs, also
a flowering hedge, 200 feet long, of
shrubs six to twelve feet high. We
bave a "friendship bed" 125 feet
long by five feet wide, containing no
end of choice, hardy plants given to
uis by numerous friends. A summer
house is always a thing of beauty.
-On it are two very large Crimson
Rambler rose bushes, four varieties
'of honeysuckles and one large Yellow
Rambler. One cannot imagine a
mnore charming picture throughout
the summer and way into the au
tumn. We have a strawberry patch
fifty by seventy-five feet, an aspara
gus bed thirty by seventy-five feet,
also a hedge of blackberries and
r-aspberries, roses galore of every
known variety, and heavily beariwtg
grape vines of Niagara, Moore's
Early, Diamond, Clinton and Isabella,
besides one huge wild vine which we
Clo not prune. We have a largej kitch
en garden and grow everything et
cept cabbage, turnips and potatoes.
and what 're cannot use we give to
our neighbors, friends and the poor.
-To produce all these things means
plenty of well-rotted manure, lots of
spraying, hoeing and eternal vig
Trouble Of The Ancients.
Briareus was bewailing the fact
that he had a hundred hands.
"They're convenient for spankirig
purposes, of e'ourse," he said, "or
frputting up a stovepipe, but, great
Scott. see what they cost me !"
Pulling off his 50 pairs of gloves,
he resigned himself for the next fonr
hours to the ministrations of his army
Police Officer-Have you ever been
a candidate for office ?
Prisoner (who has been arrested
for disorderly conduct)-Once, many
Police Officer-Sorry, sir, but we
shall have to take your Berttillia
The Pennsylvania Railroad Comn
pany lies decided to increase the
, OCKMAN AND yRUCY GR ,0.
ilance. All love to dig in the dirt,
and what we as a family of three can
not acomplish is turned over to the
man of all work. We call our place
"Nature's own gymnasium." We are
very healthy, happy, sleep like chil
dren and digest every morsel we put
into our stomachs. In fact, it is
heaven on eartk.--Progressive Farm
Importance of Cooling Milk.
Probably the most important pre
caution that can be taken with milk
is to cool it as quickly as possible
after it is drawn, says Farming. At a
temperature of sixty degrees F. and
lower the germs grow but slowly. Or
dinarily spring or well water has a
temperature of betwen fifty and six
ty degres F. If the farmer has an
open water supply, he also has a re
frigerator that is cooler than the or
dinary ice bot. If the cans are low
ered into the spring or well as soon
as possible after milking, the milk
will be cooled before the germs can
have time to begin their growth. The
proof of the effectiveness of the plan
is seen on country milk routes where
on the morning rounds. evening's
milk that has been cooled in this
manner and warm morning's milk
are carried in separate cans. Cus
tomers demand the warm morning's
milk as a guarantee of purity, and
yet the cold evening's milk invari
ably keeps the better.
If the germs in milk that is pro
duced under ordinary conditions are
killed within two or three hours af
ter milking, the milk will keep well
and may be used for nearly all pur
poses. In order to kill the microbes
it is not necessary to boil the milk.
A temperature of 180 degrees F.
sterilizes it from all but a few rare
germs and at the same time leaves it
as palatable as fresh milk. In some
creameries ordinary farmer's milk is
run through a thin pipe, one end of
which is hot and the other End cold.
Within half a minute the milk is
heated and then cooled. Such milk
is safe and wholesome. Doubtless
this method of treatment will be in
creasin'gly' used. The principle is the
same that Is applied in canning fruit..
If the milk were sealed against new
germs it would keep as well as con
Leghorns vs. Mongrels.
1. Fifty White Leghorns were
compared with fifty mongrels for one
year as to cost of food and egg pro
duction, ordinary care and attention
being given them such as they would
receive on the average farm.
2. In addition to skim milk used
to moisten the mash the Leghorns.
consumed sitty-one pounds of food
costing eighty-five and three-tenths
cents, and the mongrels consumed
sixty-eight, and eight-tenths poundis
of the same material costing nir~ety
two and one-tenth cents.
3. During the year the Leghorns
laid 116.5 eggs worth $2.25 per hen,
and the mongrels ninety-six and one
tenth eggs worth $1.'IS per hen.
4. The Leghorns gave a profit
over the cost of food of $1.39 and
the mongrels a profit of eighty-six
5. The mongrels gained in weight
one pound per head more than the
Lghorns. If this increase in weight..
is taken into consideration then the
Leghorns gave a profit of forty cents
per hen more thah the mongrels.
6. The highest prices for fresh
eggs usually prevail during the
months of November, December, Jan
uary and February. During these
four months the mongrels laid only
364 eggs and the Leghorns 1028, or
practically three times as many.-W.
Virginia Experiment Station.
The writer has had numerous com
munications asking for information
regarding the feeding value of cow
pea vines injured by . frost. Little
defnite can be stated on this subject.
If the peas are nearly ripe, or nearly
ripe enough to cut for hay, the frost
wil)l probably do them but little, i'
any, harm. There is probably some
breaking down and loss of the food
elements, but the farther advanced
towards maturity the less will this be
the case. Peavines that are real green
when frozen will be almost worthless
as feed. It is almost, if not' Impos
sible, to cure them, and decompos
ing green vines are probably danger
ous if fed in that condi'tion.
The whole Question seems to hinge
on the one of the degree .of maturity.
If this is sufficiently advanced so that
the peas may be- cut and cured into
hay there will probably be little loss
in feeding value except as there will
be a greater tendency to a loss of the
leaves.-Tait Butler, in the Progres
A new race issue-that of the im
porting of Italian labor-hns been
injected into thb Mississippi Guber
Ted case of Harry K. Thaw, charg
awith the murder of Stanford
White, may be called this week.
Mrs. Maggie Gordon was choked
to death in New York and her hus
band was arrtsted.
Conressman John H. Ketcham, of
New York, is dead.
Robert P. Bruce is said to have a
good chance of election in the Ninth
President and. Mrs. Roosevit walk
d five 'miles from their hunting lodge
o attend church.
The fight in Senator Elkin 's home
ounty has become very warm, a
court injunction being a feature.
The German Ambassador gave a
luncheon in Washington in honor of
IPrince Henry of Reuss.
Place a layer, or two, if necessary
of rather tart apples in a saucepar
cover with cold water. let them com
quickly to the boiling point, the
cook slowly till tender. Remove t
di;sh, sprinkle thickly with sugar, an
pour over them the liquid remainin
in the saucepan. It is especially con
venient to prepare apples in this wa
when a very hot fire is not required
or when the oven is otherwise occ-u
One pint milk, two or i.hree mush
rooms, one onion, one carrot, on
bundle of sweet herbs. whole. pcr
per and salt to taste: a few cloves,'
little mace, one ounce butter and on
gill cream. Put into one pin'. 0
milk two or three mushrooms, on
onion and a carrot cut into piece
one bUndle of sw-,et -herbs, whol
pepper and salt to taste, a few clove
and a little mace. Let the whol
gently simmer for about an houi
Put,.one ounce of butter into
saucepan and stir on the fire -until i
thickens. Finish by stirring in on
Flakv Puffs With Lemon Sauce.
Add to one cupful of boiling vate
one tablespoonful of butter, an
when the latter is melted mix in on
cupful of flour. Beat these ingrE
dients with a fork until perfectl
smooth and free from the sides o
the saucepan. Take from the fir
and drop in three eggs, one at a tim(
whipping the mixture rapidly eac
Lime an egg is put in. Stand unti
cold and fry In very hot fat a spoor
ful at a time, allowing about fiftee:
minutes for each puff. Sprinkle wit
powdered sugar and serve hot. wit
a sauce made as follows: Strain th
juice of one and a half lemons an
add to it one cupful of powdere
sugar and .half a cupful of boilin
Chop fine half a pound of suel
Put in a basin with four tablespoor
fuls of flour, one pound of brea,
rumbs, half a pound sugar and hal
a pound of, cleaned currants. Mi
these together well and stir in thre
cups of milk. Dip the centre of
pudding cloth in boilihg water, wrin
out and dredge with flour. NoI
spread the floured cloth over the to
of a basin, pour the dumpling Int
it, tie up with a piece of strong twin
and throw in boiling water. Th
water must be boiling furiously be
fore the pudding is thrown in, ani
half a teaspoonful of salt added
Cook steadily and evenly for thre
hours. When done remove fror
the cloth and serve on a hot dish.
Rice Apple Pudding.
One-half cupful rice, three table
spoonfuls suigar, one-half tablespoon
ful butter, the juice of one-hal
lemon. One full pint of thinly slice<
apples; one-half pint of milk ani
three eggs. Put the apples in a dish
pour over them the eggs and sugar
and set aside. Place the rice in;
saucepan, cover with cold water ani
boil five minutes. Drain rice, rins
in cold water, return to the saucept.
and add the milk and butter. Se
saucepan in kettle of boiling wate
and cook until rice is thick, occasion
ally shaking the pan but not stirrinf
Let it cool and mix with the thre
yolks and add whites, beaten stifl
Butter a pudding dish and sprinkl
with bread crumbs, and put in ric
ad apples in alternate layers. Bak
in a moderate oven about thirty mit
utes or until the pudding is firm t
Serve with the syrup left from th
apples boiled up with a little mor
Sunshine is a powerful treatmen
for disease. If you aspire to healt
and happiness, you must allow sun
shine to come into your house.
When making starch for light fat
rics, add one teaspoonful of boray
which not only keeps the thing
celeaner, but puts a nice gloss o:
Women who do their own washing
should when finished, rub their hand
with -dry salt. This brings out th
soap and makes the hands mor
Old potatoes are greatly improve
by being soaked in cold water ove
night, or at least several hours afte
peeling. The water should b
ehanged once or twice.
Whenever vegetables put up in ti
cans are opened and only partly use
do not allow the remainder to stan
in the tins, but turn out into a
earthen bowl and put in a cool place
A good polish for a stove is mad
of one tablespoonful of powdere
alum mixed with .the stove polisi
The brilliancy that this mixture wi
give to the stove will last for a lon
It is a fad to. have sofa pillov
combine as many shades of one coic
as possible without introducing
foreign tone. Various shades of re
which harmonize well are exceller
for a couch.
If you have a pot of ferns be sur
to give them plenty of water. A fer
that has become thoroughly dry onc
or twice is practically ruined;
least it will never have the same o1
Ammonia is excellent for cieant
ing hair brushes. Use about two te
blespoonfuls of ammonia and enoug
water to 'cover the bristles, but n<
the back. Shake it thoroughly whil
it is in the water to loosen the dir
Dry it well before using.
Some housekeepers put a peele
onion inside a fowl that in to be kej
for any length of time. This al
sorbs germs that would otherwise ii
feet the meat. Sliced csaions or
bag of charcoal placed near meat<
By the oimce Boy.
nobody dies but grandna.
She 'is a good old soul:
She's just the thing when I want to se3,
I The game through the fence knot hole.
She died ten times last season.
She's the best you ev'er saw:
She dies for me with t. greatest glee,
Does my grand-maw'
~ In Round Numbers.
"Papa. what is the difference be
tween a statesman and a politician?"
"Abouit a million a year."-Life.
Source of Great Joy.
t Usher (at the wedding)-"Are
you a member of the family?"
f Guest-"I'm happy to say 1'm
"He is going to marry the daugh
ter of a Senator."
"Oh, well, when she changes her
name people won't know it."-Life.
Not Always Prosperity.
"Of course, when farmers speak of
their 'full cribs' that means they're
I "Not necessarily, it may simply
mean a plentitude of babies."-At
f The Discomfiture of Geometry.
e Euclid had just announced that
, the sum of the parts could not be
a greater than the whole.
I "Did you ever get a bill for repair
- ing an auto?" we asked pityingly.
I Herewith he meekly retired to the
a background.-New York Sun.
A Patient Apologist.
"Charley, dear," said young Mrs.
Torkins, "you said you knew exact
ly which horse would win that race."
"I thought f did."
"Oh, well, accidents will happen.
Maybe one of the other horses got
frightened and ran away."--Wash
- ingtou Star.
f Emerson Like.
K Dacon-"They've called the child
Egbert-"That's a strange name.
Why. did they call him Emerson, do
"Because he says so many things
people can't understand, I guess."
A Nice Distinction.
- Lol-Young e H gins man, hav
.an awful lot of money in bank."
Alice-"What reasons have you for
thinking he has?"
8Lola--"He showed me a book con
taning nearly a hundred checks that
had nejer been written on.'"-Chica
8"How long yer been fishin'?" .
"What yer fishin' for, then?"
Knew What He Meant.
"Do you know what you are trying
to say," queried the editor, as he
glanced over the copy, "when you
speak of a man going to his long lest
at the untimely age of eighty?"
"Sure," answered the new report
- er. ' Ie ought to have been chloro'
-formed twenty years ago."
".I suppose you were disappointed
in having your exploring: trip ter
minated so abruptly."
"Yes," answered the Arctic voy
8ager. "But there are compensating
advantages. It will enable my pub
lisher to get my book out that much
r earlier"Washnlgton Star.
Wife-"But, my dear, you've for
a gotten again that to-day is my birth
Husband-"Listen, dearie; I know
n I forgot it, but there isn't a thing
about you to remind me that y ou are
e a day older than you were a year
d ago. "-Translated for Tales from Le
.. Journal pour Tous.
g Relief Fund.
Solicitor-"Excuse me, sir, but I
s am soliciting subscriptions to our
r church relief fund."
a Goodwin-"Um-yes. What is the
d money to be used for?''
.t Solicitor-'"To send our minister
away for. a few weeks and give the
congregation a much-needed rest.'
a Chicago Daily News.
tAfter Much Pleading.
"Do you really mean it?" she
asked. "If I answer 'No' this time,
. won't you ever cross my path
"Never. I shall not permit myself
t to entertain another false hope. I
e shall know that when you smile upon
me you do it only to be kind, and I
would prefer exile to that."
"Well, then," she answered, "I
suppose I. must say 'Yes,' only don't
turge me to set the time too early, for
I have been invited to be my Cousin
aEmily's maid of honor next fall, and
I wouldn't miss it for anything."
Construction of Better Roadr
One of the most significant sec
tions in the report of the British Mo
tor Commission refers to the dust
raising qualities of automobiles,
which, the report states, "has been
the source of far more popular indig
nation than excessive speed or dan
gerous driving.'-' Unquestionably one
of the most vital problems connected
with automoboling is the dustless
highway, and to secure it is a prop
osition that demands the most seri
ous attention of our road builders.
The British Commission admitted
that it could not suggest how the
nusiance could be alleviated by any
alteration in the form of the car,
and its deduction was that the rem
edy etisted only in the construction
of better roads.
It recommended, nevertheless, that
all fees accruing from automobiles
should be expended in the- improve
ment of existing, roads with the par
ticular object of prevention of dust.
The automobile, to a great extent,
makes the road untenable for cyclists
and pedestrians,' and we might as
well admit the fact without resorting
to subterfuge. Of course, the auto
mobile is here to remain, and to be
come the most general method of
transportation for pleasure and com
mercial purposes, and if the present
highway does not answer we muzt
provide a road surface that wifl meet
the new conditions. We zhall be
pleased to print any comments that
careful thinking automobilists may
have on this most important sub
Permanent Stone Roads.
Massachusetts, New York, Ner
Jersey and many other States have
spent vast sums of money in building
permanent stone roads. These roads
have been a great help to the farmers
living near them in reducing very
materially the cost of transporting
the products of the farm to market.
The little State of New Hampshire
at the last session of the Legislature
enacted a law, largely by the influ
ence of the Grange, appropriating
$750,000 to be expended within the
next sir years in making permanent
improvements upon the public high
ways of the State. The bill. was so
drawn that a like sum must be ap
propriated by the several towns, ask
ing for State aid, so that great good
must be the result of this movement
for better roads in New Hampshire.
When we considdr the vast sums of
money that have been expended by
the National Government to improve
the waterways of the country by im
proving the rivers and harbors, and
the vast amount of government lands
that has been given to corporations
to aid in building of great railroad
lines to develop the country, is it
any wonder that we think that we
are asking for nothing but what is
just and right when we ask Congress
to pass a bili giving national aid to
the various States which are willing
to appropriate a like sum to assist
In the building and maintenance of
the public highways. The country
roads over which the farmer trans
ports his produce of all kinds are the
feeders of the railroads and steam
boats and are as justly entitled to
national and State aid as they are.
At a meeting of the Missouri State
Good Roads Convention, held at'
Chillicothe, Mo., the creation of the
office of State highway commissioner
was favored, and it was decided to
hold the next meeting during the
winter of 1906-7, during the session
of the State Legislature. The meet
ing will be held at Jefferson City,
the State capital.
No permanent organization was
formed at Chillicothe, though many
prominent good roads men were
present at the meeting from more
than fifty of the 114 counties of the
State. Various plans for promoting
the construction of good reads were
discussed, including changes in the
mode of taxation .and changes in. the
State constitution. Politics were con
spicuously absent from the meeting.
Practical talks in the .art of road
building and road repairs and main
t.iance methods were given by ex
perts on these subjects, and there
was a large display of road ma
chinery. A. N. Johnson, highway
engineer of Illinois, outlined tl~e
road system in operation in his State,
stating that though only in opera
tion for a year the system had
proved highly satisfactory. Much of
his address was devoted to the sub
ject of dirt roads, and he declared
that many roads that not now fit
to travel on could be mad2 good by
dragging. D. Ward King, Gf Mait
land, Mo.. inventor of the split log
drag, which bears his flame, was
The interest taken by farmers In
the good road question was ezempli
fied by tfle case of John Harrison,
who has a farm near Fayette. Mr.
Harrison has made a standing offer
to contribute $1503 toward the con
struction of a road passing his firm,
stating that he Is isolated for four
months In the year owing to the im
passable state of the roads.
The convention finally declared it
self in favor of a change in the con
stituton as a means of road improve
ment, though It will takc tw'o years
to bring this about.-The Automo
In the Kitchen of the King.
King Edward's kitchen is finished
completely in black oak, which was
fitted up~ by George III. at a cost of
$50,00. There is also a confection
ery room, pastry room and bake
house besides the kitchen proper.
The chef of the royal kitchen re
ceives $3300 a year, while under
him are four master cooks, who in
turn have a bevy of servants under
them. The strictest economy is ob
served in the king's kitchen, and
what food remains unconsumed is
given to the poor, who apply daily at
th catl ates.-The Argonaut.
SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 25.
Temperance; the Use of Strong S
Drink.-Prov. 23. 29-32.
Strong drink unfits for the service
of God.-Lev. 10. 8-10.
Its evil hereditary effects avoided.
Judg. 13. 4, 5.
Abstinence while acquiring nationae
character In the wilderness.-Deut. d
29. G. r
Strong drink brings personal and (
universal ruin.-Isa. 28. 1-7. S
Abstinence has to do with making c
a great character and career.-Dan. t
1. 8-16. a
An ancient (-ire for drunkenness.- C
Deut. 21. 20, 21. a
If Christ is really to reign; if pov. t'
erty and crime are to become excep- 0:
tional rather than common; if the 1
family shall ever have a fair chance e
to develop onward and upward; if the
haunting specter of fear that her boys -,
may be lured from virtue and safety ,
by the gurgling song of the wine is ,
ever to be removed from the heart o'
the mother; if politics is to be madl b
clean; if the law of heredity is to be a
utilIzed -for happiness and not for-sor- eo
row; if the slums of -our city are ever
to be purified and disinfected; if the si
annual tribute of hundreds of girls %
to appease the minotaur of lust is 6
ever to be discontinued, then the a
"saloon must go." It will go when r
the Christian forces of our land see P
eye to eye and stand together speaking
with one voice and voting one ballot, b
saying, "It's Got to Go!"
This is not a plea for any party that 0
might be named; it is a plea that the c
good men all get on one side, under g
some banner, no matter how named. p
When that shall happen then the rope s
of the great criminal will be found
very short. It is quite possible that a
the voters of Methodism alone could E
do the deed; that is, they could "elect a
the issue," and when that had been
done the victory would not be far off. b
Dr. William A. Smith, a prominent
Southern Methodist of the old slavery E
days, said: "I told Dr. Bond that. ...
at any time when the membership of d
the church shall unite their votes with
the non-slaveholders, in West Virginia r
particularly, they are competent to b
overthrow the whole system.' The d
author from whom the above is quot- a
ed (Matlack. The Anti-Slavery Strug- a
gle) quotes Quaker Thomas Whitson's L
remark on Methodism: "I have been b
at one of the camp meetings& of thy a
people, and heard them shout and M
pray, with much inward comfort. And a
I tell thee, Lucius, what I think, v
moreover: that If the Methodist peo- 0
pie would try it they might shout and
pray down this slavery in a short
season. They have much power in that ti
direction." But, alas! Methodism h
divided on the quesion, and God had :
to interfere, to settle the debate with j
"his terrible swift sword." The prob a
lem which might, could, would and a
should have been solved. In a repub- p
lic of sovereign people, by votes, was t
figured out with red-pointed bayonets 11
for crayons, and wide, gory plains for I
CHISIIAN ENHEAGH NOTES
NOVEMBER TWENTY-FIFTIH a
Whitman, and Missions on the Front. t
Whitman was a man upon a tower, I
watching the whole horizon for the c
tokens of God's providence. Such E
shouldevery,. patriot be.
Whitman had a vision, such as
every man may have,-a vision of
great possibilities for his nation, If it
followed God's leading.
When Whitman saw his vis'bnt, he
girded himself and ran for the goal(
of its fultilment,-ran three thousand i
Whitman, like all great men, was a
great through faith; great because he I
lived for the' unseen future and for a
Outline of Whitman's Life.
Marcus Whitman, the famous plo- ~
neer missionary to the Northwest,
was born In Rushville, N. Y., Sep.
tember 4, 1802.
In his boyhood he was adventur
ous, and at the same time a Bible
lover. He intended to be a minister, I
but on account of physical weaknessa
became a physician. Four Flat Head )t
and Nez -Perce Indians travelled .east I
three thousand .miles, and made anr
earnest plea for Christian teachers.
This resulted in the founding of Ore
gon missions by the Methodists.
In 1834 the American Board decid
ed to send Dr. Whitman with Rev.
Samuel Parker to explore Oregon with
a view to establishing a mission.
By~ September, 1836, Dr. Whitman,
who had returned and married a noble
young woman, had reached Walla'
Walla after a most difficult journey.
He establish< I his mission at Waillat
pu, and in August, 1838, he organized
there the first Presbyterian church in
the Oregon country,-that Is, Oregon,
Washington, 4daho, and parts of Wy
oming and Montana. There were then1
only fifty Americans in that region.1
In the winter of 1842-3, Dr.. Whit
man made his famous ride across the
continent to Washington, his purpose
being to prevent the loss of Oregon to
the Uinited States and its seizure by
Great Britain. It was a hazardous and
thlling ride, accomplished only with
great and heroic suffering.
Dr. Whitman interviewed President
Tyler, Webster, and other statesmen.
On his return he piloted 800 emmi- -f
grants, with 1,500 cattle, and thus
proved Oregon .accessible.
During his absence the Indians be-I
came disaffected. On November 29,
3847, a terrible massacre occurred.
and Whinnan was the first to die.g
Fourten were killed at his station.
In his memory Whitman College
has been established at Walla Walla.
A memorial church has been built at
the scene of the massacre, and a noble
monument has been erected over the
ON THE JOB.
"Mamma, when I am older must I
take a husband?"
"Probably, my child; but why do
"Because, I think we had better be
gin to look out for one at once. I
heard that Aint Rosa has been look
ing for one for twenty years, and
has not found one yet."-Il Motto per
HE SUNDAY SCHOOL.
NTER9NATIONAL LESSON CO0
MENTS FOR NOVEMBER 25.
abject: The World's Temperance
Sunday, Isa. v., 11-23-4Iolden
Text: I Cor. ix., 27-Memory
I. The drunkard's feast (vs. 11,
2). 11. "Woe." Grief, sorrow,
isery, a heavy calamity, a curse.
Early in the morning." When it
as regarded especially shameful to
rink (Acts 2: 15). Banquets for
wvelry began earlier than utsual
Eccl. 10: 16, 17). "May Sollow
rong drink." That they begin and
3ntinue to use it from early morn
11 night. Palm or date wine was,
nd is still, in use in the Eastern
3untries. Judea was famous for the'
bundance and ercellence of its pallh
ees; and consequently had plenty
f this wine. DrInking strong drink
the chief business of the day. 'Till
ine inflame them." Until there Is
icited, excessive action in the ilood
ssels, causing them to act In- ex
[tement, in anger, or -ay evil.'way
-hich their natures might be made
> feel, under the unnatural pressure
pbn the forces and functions of the
dy. In this condition no -man is
ble to -use good judgment, orto- ex
mte -his worke correctly.
12. "The harp." A stringed in
rument of triangular figure. Music
as common at ancient feasts (Amos
: 5, 6). "The viol." . An instru
ent with twelve strings. "The tab
et." A small drum or- tambourine,
fayed on as an accompaniment, to
[nging. "Pipe." Theprincipal mu
[cal wind instrument of the He
rews. Such as indulge in revels
inst have,every sense gratified, for
nly by being stimulated by such ex
tement could they at all be satis
ed. "They regard not." The most
ositive proof that such conduct is
II. God's. Judgments on the drunk
rd (vs. 13-17). 13. "Therefore."
ecause thly ignore God's warnings
nd continue in their drunkenness.
My people." Judah, or Israel, or
oth. "Are gone." The prophet
ses the future as though it were
resent. "Because they have no
nowledge." Because of their fool
ih recklessness in following strong
rink they make drunkards of them
lves. They are contrary to wisdom.
'hey become captives because their
rains are so ruined by excessive
rinking that they are notcapable of
cting the part of prudent, careful
ten. "Honorable men are fam
ihed." Strong drink ruins those 4n
onorable positions just, as quickly
s men of low' estate. "Dried up'
rith thirst." Both the great mea
d the common people suffer alike
hen in captivity to the cruel power
f strong drink-.
14. "Hell.." Sheol, the' place of
bie dead. Sheol is personified 'and
ompared to a ravenous beast, eager
'swallow its prey. "Hath enlarged
erself." There has been so great a.
aughter that the world of the dead
; too narrow to accommodate all
rho enter there,-and has to build on
n addition-has to increase its ca
acity. "Opened her mouth." The
ense in the Hebrew changes here.
t should be "and is opening her
iouth." The slaughters have not
15. "The mean man," etc. Its
ictims include all ~classes. Even
the mean man" is "brought down"
a a lower level, and to the same level
the mighty" and "the lofty" are de
raded. The drunkard soon loses all
elf-respect, then his respect for all
hat is good, even respect for God
,d fear of his judgments. This is
o become a scoffer. 16. "Shall be
alted in judgment."- When man's
lory is all passed away God is un
hanged. Though men scorn His of- -
ered mercy and refuse His wise
ounsels He isnot cast down., Heis,
alted. "Sanctified in righteous
ess." Regarded as holy by reason
>f His righteous dealings. 17.,
Then shall the lambs," etc. When
hese are gone into captivity and.
walowed up in death others shall
ll their places.
III. The woes of the drunkard
vs. 18-23). 18. "Iniquity." Guilt
acurring punishment. "Cords of
anity." Wickedness. Rabbins say,
,n evil Inclination Is at first like a
ie hairstring, but the finishing like
,cart rope. These sinners harness
hemselves like horses to a cart, and,
training every nerve in sin, they
[rag their punishments with them.
.9. "Let him make speed," etc.
'hey' challenge the Almighty to do
is worst, and set His justice at de
ance. They do not believe that the
udlgments threatened $111 come. 20.
'Call evil good," etc. Men resort to
ying subterfuges to justify them
elves in sanctioning the -liquor
raffic. 21. ~"Wise -in -their own
yes." Those who prefer their own
asonings to divine revelations, who
espise or reject the gospel, or who
:laim to have a knowledge of it, but
Lo not practice It.
22. "Mighty to drink." Those
,ho boast that they can drink more
han others and yet be able to stand.
['hey shall not escape the curse of
runkenness. "To mingle strong
lrink." To add spices to strong
Irink and- then scount themselves
trong because they can endure the
rects. Ti 'eir glory Is their shame.
l3. "Justify .the wicked for reward."
Who, as' judges, pelvert justice and
or a bribe acquit the guilty. Who
'or the sake of votes, or political in
luence, or favor with the people,
rote with t-he saloonkeeper and help
nake bad laws. God will punish
uch. "Take away ~the righteous
ess." Though a man be proved in
aocent, yet because he does not give -
L fee he is condemned by these un
lust men. Misery will overtake him.
Niello is a compound for inlaying
1 kinds of silver articles. It was
rmery used principally in Russia,
there its composition, says the Jew
lers' Circular, for a long timie re
nained a secret.
The inventor is said to 4xave been
f artist by the namp of Maso Fiui
.erra. Among his productions niel
o was- found after his death. It is
Lso said that the Egyptians made
ise of a similar substance in 'very
However, it first became generally
mnown in the fifteenth century in
taly, .where it was used by Italian
ewelers. Cellini manufactured some
hoice articles' with niello. It was also -
:sed by engravers. who filled copper
ngravings with niello. It was also
>ration of ecclesiastical vessels with
t was much appreciated.
It is an alloy always containing sil
rer, copper and lead, to which are
>ften added sulphur and borax. Ac
ording to the proportions of these
iarts niello varies in color from
igt ra to dull black.