Newspaper Page Text
Capacity of the Brair
&P Or. Frederick Peterson.
=THORITIES dicr as to t
o receive the impressio- . captity of the average braiD
'believed thatr- there c, ratime: It is pretty well
tion distinct from . la the b-itif a eitre of conserva
now ncthing oP4t '-ZPz!re of perception-, We of course
eeto r t V !e nature of tht ~relatien of brain
re r%-% End conservation, but we do know that
1-' ka relaticn. The latest researihes (Hammer
4L4 Thomson) show that the number of cells in the
I-ne t=e s'nine billicn two hundred million. All stimuli, ex
Xe e4 e senses) or internal (through processes), must leave
ese cells, chemical, physical, or dynamic. These stimuli
a sorts of percepts; words and sounds heard; things and
eb- ets felt, tasted, smelled; sensations perceived in our own
- Ougbs pushimng upward into consciousness. And a little reflection
how i:lmzerable suic iprints mast be in the course of a sing!c
wi c reading the resident of a city must receive an incalculable
Stn ine;ssins upon his brain every 24 hours. The reading centre of
0ec~necues a cOmparative small area in the back of the left hemis
. :d coaseqcently must possess a very small portion of the fnino 1)
"- c nIer"ed to above. We can only guess at the number, but a fair
e 'wu'd be :about a twentieth, or say five hundred millions which
a 4 eme or CO 7ears would allow us about 25,000 cells daily for the per
'50'nand COnsErvatn- of -words and sentences read. These figures may
Wve sCie vazue, but at any rate thev emphasize- a very important
QTd '&at is that our brain capacity is limited and that we should be
2z:t:;; 4c7s we daily squander.-Colliers' Weekly.
A#Private Estate of a T
By C. F. Carter.
P thie Tcccnt acquisition of a tract of 170,000 acres
Snta Gertrudes Ranch, in southwest Texas, already repu
- - +~ Igd to be the largest estate in the world owned by a pri
-ate tndividual. was increased to the immense proportions
a of 2000 square mHes, or 1,280,000 acres. As an aid to the
lu 4 ocMpre-ensSon of these dimensions some comparisons may
k VF" be found useful. The area of Rhode Island, excluzive of
the waters of Narrangansett Bay, comprise G73.920 acres or
r- 'atO more than cne-half the area of Santa Gertrudes Rranch. The
: 3r E ,izwe, excusive of water, is 1,254,000 acres or 25,00 acres smaller
RLsn er Gaudes. - Texas constitutes one-eleventh of the area of the
Zz.~ S=rs; -et I the Lone Star State were to be cut up into ranches the
iMn C &T.at Gertrades there would only be land enough to make 132.
r: Gtertmdas Ranch was founded in 1853 by Captain Richard King, a
.e m ssipp River pilot, who, with his friend Captain Miffin Kenedy,
lzi r1 e= f t e transport service on the Rio Grande which supplied Gen
l r mazny during the Mexican war. Captain King's ambition was to
: :Ae L=rest and best cor.ducted ranch in Texas; but he died twenty
re-3 zp. sler acumulatig 830,000 acres. The property was left to his
2ime. H. 3- King, who turned the entire management over to her
-so-'.r:. R.3. Kleberg, a lawyer, who was born and brought up within 150
Le vZ Le rnch. Under Mr. Keberg's management the acreage has been
:emn Efty percent.--Harper's Weekly.
The Cheerful Man
ty 0. . Marden.
Eg ,.zfl man is pre-eminently a useful man.
T-e cheerfel man sees that everywhere the good outbal
:-athe had, and that every evil has its compensating
A habit of cheerfulness enables one to transmute ap
::rent mcisfortunes into real blessings.
Hfe who has formed a habit of looking at the bright side
ef things, has r great advantage over the chronic dyspctic
who sees no goad in anything.
~ s'~er-iimzns thouht sculptures his face into beauty and touches
Es _ xzo 't g;rate
2. s Uncol.n's chezr-fulness and sense of humor that enabled him to
sr:x1 maa t erible i-cad of the civil war.
. we s o&rCIl and cccitented all nature smiles with us; the air is
e.JaM. &shs clearer, the earth has a brighter green, the trees have a
:fs:ge. rhe Sowers .are rore frag-ant, the birds sing more sweetly
e sn. mn a.nd the stars are more beautiful.
3.1e ttcught and gcd actio;n claim a natural alliance with good cheer.
Em.-e&2 chteer"falncss is found in great souls, self-poised and confider.t
de -enam Nesx.e-aided powers.
Gxsn - c.ctness is the g-eat preventive of humanity's ills.
42d e::e:yad fear are the great enemies of hupan life and sheu-ld be
:3stcd -as we resist thre plague. Cheerfulness is their antidote.
Wme:ct chreerf-iess there can be no healthy action, physical, mer.tal or
r --L&: tjs tte nr.cJ. atos phet-c of cur being.-Success.
*GzamIk of the Telephone in
.To +% g- ce:tral:" was first heard in 187S. Today the exenanges
- re nmbered by the thousand, the telephones by the mlil-.on.
~ * '.r:is.us nrtries, unknown thirty years ago. but now
-ecress ef e-mployment to many thousands of workers, depend
entirciy cn the telephone fcr support. Numerous factories
+_____ nlug kead sheathing, dynamros, motors, generators, bat
- r+ tCaz.s. Cile e'!uipmen,5 cables, and many other appliances.
r+-w- -..-en.d have to <iose dcwn and thus throw their operatives
-k'. ad _.:_e_ if the telei;hone bell should cease to ring. The Bell
- s c ev< U.. perrscns a.nd, it may be added, pay them well.
*-- . Me 2:r-yes have fsmilies to mintainl; others support their pa
ne hethr a::d si.tters. It is safe to say that 200,000 people
-*- phone for their daily bread. These figures may be supple
~ ~e. ju-~ram <f te'ephcnes in ure, (5,098.000), by the number of miles
g ~-s tn the Bell lines, and by the number cof conversat.ions
~ etc5cag conveyed in 19'05. 'Ilhe network of wire connects
~~ ~ chies, town-s. villages and hamlets.
czs~ growth as these statistics show would imply not only
~ appre~iat:u of the telephone, but would also suggest
- ens more skillfui cperators, and better service. There would
,~ ~- '. such sggestion. Electr:cal science has undergone rad:ca]
rr e-e !S7W. Telepheny has raised the utilnvation of electricity to
p ~ rsfessic- Of ce'rse such advances .have not been won with.
c 'a.u-::s were spent in experiment and investigation before a
-~~*. Com ictaio by the first telephone was limited to a
- 7 et Ncw, conversation can be carried on by persons 1,000
, x- Ya.zrow cz:g-distance lines will span the continent; and the
~ ~ ae~phony wi i be a commonplace of mercantile routine.
~~-x-e d mney- had toecllaborate for years before they could work the
esto-n and Omaha to taIle together.-Fro:n the "Thirtieth
c 4 Creat Invention," in S:ribner.
Iaa in Water. The Bismnarck Family.
-ry,tr:- re;idez3c at the St. Maur IHerbert Bismarck haa none of hi
Ca e the utite bills posted in father's bright wit in conversation
4m sne: bythe Prefecture of the but had his overhearing temper an<
me:a d the attenton of the pub- his mother's violent irascibility. Sh
~rc 2.e4 gr of driahing water. Is hid the disp,osition of the Frank is:
-$- mm.tha the Seine, before it women as exemplified in Fredegorda
a eg.fs.czis23.00 microbes but held in check by modern co-nd:
c- omeza~ ae, afterward num- ditions. Bismarck in anger was a:
GM-0: thr. above Lycns there terrible as a ferocious mastiff. She
- .+ dre KiMe 75 znicrobes, and be- far from restraining him, kept on say
-zp- ddR- ab:yve Berlin there are ing, "Good dlog; tss-s-ss. Go at hir
-e Spree -C3G(A a:d below above 97,- .(or at her): good dog; tss-s-Es," o
-.~r7~- .-t -tt Paii tanta:nount werds.
A SPECIAL MESSAGE
The President Transmits lis
Views on Porto Rico
THINKS FUTURE IS PROMISING
Teachers, 30th American and Native,
Endeavor to Train Students in
Mind and in Citizenship-Insular
Police td Porto Rican Regiment
Should be Perpetuated-Full Am
erican Citizenship Should be Con
ferred Upon Natives - Markcd
Progress Made Under Present ,ccv
..ernor Toward Self-Government
Electio-ns This Year Were Abso
lutely Orderly and Unaccompanied
by Any Disturbance.
Washin,ton, Special.-The Presi
dent's message to Congress giving the
result of his recent observations in
Porto Rico and making recommenda
tions concerning the government of
that island was delivered to the Sen
ate. It was read at length and re
ceived careful attention. The mes
sage was as follows:
The President's Message.
To the Senate and House of Repres
On November 21 I visited the is
land of Porto Rico, landing at Ponce,
crossing by the old Spanish road by
Cayey to San Juan, and returning
next morning over the new American
road L.o Arecibo to Ponce; the
scenery was wonderfully beautiful,
especially among the mountains of
the interior, which constitute a ver
itable tropic Switzerland. I could not
embark at San Juan because the har
.bor has not been dredged out and
can not receive an American battle
ship. I do not think this fact credit- 1
able to us as a nation, and I ear]
estly hope that immediate provision
will be made for dredging San Juan
I doubt whether our people as a
whole realize the beauty and fertility
of Porto Rico, and the progress that
has been made under its admirable
government. We have just cause for
pride in the character of our rep
resentatives who have administered
the tropic islands which came under
our flag as a result of the war with
Spain; and of no one of them is this
Xore true than of Porto Rico. It
would be impossible to wish a more
faithful, a more efficient and a more
disinterestcd public service than that
now being rendered in the island of
[Porto Rico by those in control of the
I stopped at a dozen towns all told,
and one of the notable features in
'every town was the gathering of the
school children. The work that has ~
~been done in Porto Rico for education
has been noteworthy. The main em
phasis, as is eminently wise and
proper. has been put upon primary
education; but in addition to this
there is a normal school, an agri
eultural schiool, three industria-l and
three high schools. Every effort ist
being made to secure not only the
benefits of elementatry education to
all the Porto Ricans of the next
generation, but also as far as means 1
will permit to train them so that the
industrial, agricultural and comamer
eial opportunities of the island can
be utilized to the best possible ad
vantage. It was evident at a glance t
that the tesehers, both Americanst
and native Porto Ricans, were de
voted to their work, took the great
est pride in it, and were endeavoring
to t-rain their pupils, not only int
mind, but in what counts for far
:nore thgn mind in citizenship, that
Troops in the Island.
I was vets; much struck by the ex
eellent charaeter both of the insular
police and of the Porto Rican regi- t
ment. They are both of them bodies
that reflect credit upon the American
administration of the island. The m
sular police are under the local P-orto
Rican government. The Porto Rican
regiment of troops5 must be appro
priated for by .Congress. I tern
estly hope that this body will b:: kept
permanent. There should certainly
& troops in the island, and it is wise
that these troops shouki be them
selves native Porto Ricans. It woull
be from every standpoint a mistake
not to perpetuate tis regiment.
In traversing the island even the
most cursory sprey leaves the be
holder struck w-ith the evidient rapid
growth in t1ie culture both of the
su.rnr cane and tobaceo. The fruit
industry is also gro winig. Last year
wvas the most prosperous year that.
the islan-d has ever known before or
since the American occupation. Thei
total exports and imports of the
island was $45,000,000 as aginst $18,
000.000 in 1901. This is the largest
in flhe island 's history. Prior to the
American occupation the greatest
trade for anyv one year was that of
1896, when it reached nearly $23,
000,000. Last year. theref.ore, there
was double the trade that there was
in the most prosperous year under
the Spanish regime. There were
210.273 tons of sugar exported last
year. of the value of $14.1S6.319; $3,
555.163 of tobaceo, and 28.290.22
pounds of coffee of the value of $3,
4S1.102. Unfortunately, what used to
be Po>rto Rico 's prime crop-oYee
has not shared this prosperity. It
has never recovered from the dia
aster of the hurriesne, and moreover,
3 the benefit of throwving open our
.market to it has not compensated fo-r
I the loss inflicted by the closing of the
3markets to it abroad. I call y-our at
1tention to the accompanying memo
rial on this .ubject of the board of
- trade of San Juan, and I earnestly
hope that some measure will be taken
for the benefit of the excellent and1
high grade Porto Rican coffee.
In addition to delegations from the
board of trade and chamber of comn
merce of San Juan. I also received
Mrs. Birdsong Gt; Verdict
FAVORABLE VERDICT EXPECTED
SeAtor McLaurin, Uncle of th ti
befendant, Was Telegra,phed Por f
ImmediatelY Aftet the tidiug ,
Was Announed to Make 'Motion e
for New Tra=.-Priends 'Were So h
Sure of Favaable V rdict That h
Mrs. Birdso; Was Alone in Court
When ReVtrt Was Announced- t
Defendet Spends Iight at Hotel
Under Surveillane Instead of in
ltzelhurst. MIiss., Special-4., ez
Angle BirdeZg was found guilty of
MiSlaughtv for killing Dr. Thomas a
Butler aR4 was recomdended to the s
mercy of the county court. I
After the verdict, while the de.
endant sat crying with a young ,
abik. in her arns a depu.y approach- -
d %o take her tW jail. When he 4irz
A the child from its mother 4ae W
ittle one sobbed i, fear, "M ma, m
on't let him hate me."
So sure -had Mrs. Bhong's
friends ben of a favoraW 'verdic'. P1
that she was nearly a-om in the l
ourt room vhen the .jut entered,
ven her l,band beig -ibsc.nt.
Mrs. Bkdsong was -ret compelled
S-mai in jail, but sent the nigh't
ander '9tirveillance ! a hotel. Her
mele. Cnited Sten Senator Me
Laur, who had 'left Hazelhuirs-t.
vas telegraphod 'for to return and i
ndW a motion 'fd a new trial. whidh bc
,hp defense 1miounced will be dor.. th
The court "d not pass senten:x. th
te mini-dti penalty for man- fr
liaughtcr -i 'this state is a :fine of it
Mrs. Bt1song, 22 years of .a, and ar
L membAr of a leading Missssippi 1n
amily, in November, 1905, she, and th
illed Dr. Thomas Butler, also 'o
romir,ntly related. She -*2eged Sc
hat he had boasted of illicit rela- in
ions with her and that his 'hoasts
vere untrue. The zragedy oorred t
n Monticello, Miss, sa
Total Bales Ginned 12,54,;000. tr
Washington, Special.----te crop ed
eportin; board of the biu of sta- d
istics of the Department of Agri- th
ulture from the -eports of the cor- st
espondents and Agents of the bureau TI
a conjuncti 'with the recent report th
y the burau of census of the quan- i
ity of cotn ginned, estimates that bo
be total production of cotton in the an
nited States for year 1906-0~7 will
mount to $;e1,726,000 pounds (not p~
eluding inters). equivalent to 12.- C(
4G. 000 ba.s of 500 pounds gross Sa
The -atimated production in 500
ound !bales by States is a sfollows: lo;
Vi:rginia, 13,000; North Carolina, th:
3a%.?0; South Carolina. S75.000; kil
7ergia, 1,57S,000; Florida, 54,000; sii
labama, 1,252,000; Mississippi. 1,- .in
14.000; Louisiana, 930,000; Texas, sh,
,944.000; .Arkanusas. 791.000; Ten- Re
essee, 26.000; Missouri. 43,000; o
klahoma, 3S0; Indian Territory, fet
Kilpatrickr to Replace Sumner. thi
Washington, Special.-The army th
ransport Kilpat-ick,. which arrived i
t Newport News. Va.. will be used ta
a the Cuban transport service in D
lace of the Sumner. This action pe
as determined upon by the quarter- of
nster genueral of the army because fri
f the fact that the Kilpatrick is a an
ore commodious vessel than either fa
e Sumner or the transport Meade. on
he two latter vessels will be put out se
f commission as soon as the Kilpat- thi
ick has been made ready for her new bo
ervce. . pa
A Eeated DE.sion Eeld.
Guthrie. Okla., Special.-The con
titutional convention had a heateie
iscussion as to whether the Supreme e
~eing should be designated as the
The Supreme Ruler of the *Uui- bi
erse," or "God Almighty." Pet- b
tions from different mligious sects t
nd one from athnesists were present- i
d, asking that there be no vigorousth
isrimiation in the lanage of thele
Year's Coinage Falls Off.
Washington, Special.-The annual
eport of George E. Rob,erts, director Cc
f the Mint was filed. It shows that me
he coinage was less during the last re!
ear than for several years previous, ide
~wing, chiefly, to the exhbaustion of A~
;ilver bullion. The total of domestic tai
,oinage vas 167.371,035 pieces of the CO
ralue of $60.2163,747 of this $3,00j2r eg
)97 was in gold coin, .$4,016,36S, was ca]
ubsidiary silver eoins, $,302.397 hi!
wa in five-eent riekels and $895,884 an
'as in broze G*oOOt PieCAes.
Tea on Comnmercial Scale.
Charleston, S. C., Special.-Mar
eting was begun of the first crop of ar
merican tea grown on a commercial sh
;cale. Twelve thousand pounds have tIC
cen raised on a plantation in Collc- re
:on county, a few miles from Charles- iCe
ton. For several years tea has been eh
narketed from Pinehurst, the gov. an.
~rnment e::perimenltal garden at Sum- of
nerville. but the product marketed ha
s the first of a purely commerciala
Geo. Burnham, Jr., Guilty.
New York. Special.-George Burn-- h
am, Jr., a vice president and genera] ho
ounsel of the Mutual Reserve Lif h
nsurance Company was convicted ofT
lareny of $7,500 of the company 1
funds. .The prosecution and convie- G
tion of Burnham was an outgrowtih K
f the investigation of i:isurance com
canics in this State by a i:gislative I
ommittee a year ago.
The length of your life you eanr.oi,n
derine,n bnt ias worth you mnus.t.
Federation of g o. Lui from the
Coffee Grg A eiation.
Qwes.tIon 'o. bCitize.r.hip.
Thefv i a ikiattcr to which I wish
to call your special attention, and
that ii the desirability of conferring
rull American citizenship upon the
people of Porto Rico. I most earn
astly hope that this will be done. I
.an not see how any harlu fah pos
;ibly result from it% and it rtems to
ne a matter of right anc justice to
:he people of Porto Rwo. They are
oyal, they sre gad to be under our
lag, they are ihking rapid progresa
along the path of orderly libMy.
Surely we should show our appfecia
tion of them, our pride in what they
ave done, and our pleasure in ex
enadin< recognition for wat has thus
bll Cone, 'Oy grzntig them full
Under the wise adminisfration of
he present progress has been riade in
he difficult matter of granting to th:
people of the island the larpest meas
are of self-goverr:ment that can with
afety be given at tht present time.
[t would have been a very serious
nistakes to have gone any facier than
ie have already gone in this direc
ion. The Porto R.ans have com
lete and absolute autonomy in all
heir municip,l governments, the on
y power over them possessed by the
nsular government being that of re
noving corrupt or incompetent mu
iicipal officials. This power has
iev6r been. exercised save on te
:learest proof of corruption or 4
ompetence-such as to jeopatlize
;he interests of the people of tL is
and; and under such circun-0tnces
t has been fearlessly used 'o the
mmense benefit of the peop. It is
iot a power with. which k would be
afe, for the sake of the 4'land itself,
;o dispense at present. The lower
louse is absolutely :ve, while the
ipper House is apointive. This
cheme is working well; no injustice:
f any kind resu-ts from it, ond
reat benefit to the island, and it;
hould certainly not be changed dtl
his time. The machinery of 'theP,
'lections is administered entirely by
he Porto Rican people themselos,
he Governor and council keeping -en
y such supervision as is neoeezry
a order to insure an ordcril clec
ion. Any protest as to 4ectoral
rauds is settled in the court,. Here
gain it would not be saft- to make
ny change in the presnt system.
'he elections this year were absolut
y orderly, unaccompanied by any
isturbance; and no protest has been
aade against the management of the
lections, although threfe contests are t
hreatened, where the majorities
rere very small and error was claim
d; the contests, of course, to be set
led in the courts. In short, the I
overnor and council are co-operat- t
2g with all of the mos enlightened t
nd most patriotic of the people of 1
'orto Rico in educating the citizens
f this island in the principles of or-i
erly liberty. They are providing a
overnment based upon each citizen 's N
elf-respect, and the mutual respect
f all citizens; that is, based upon a
igid observance of the prineiples of*
stice and honesty. It has not been
asy to instil into the mninds of peo- i4
le unaccustomed to the exercise of
reedom, the two basic principles of 1'
ur American system; the principle 1
bat the majorit.y must rule, and the
rinciple that the minority has rights(
hich must not be disregarded or
ramed upon. Yet real proga'ss
as been. made in having these prin
iples accepted as elemecntag~, as the
oundations of successful self-;overn..
I transmit hierewvith the report of
Le Governor of Peto Rioo, sent to
be President though the Secretary
All the insular governments should
e placed -in one bureau, either inr
be Department of War or the De-t
artment of State. It is a mnistake
ot so to arrange our handling ofc
bose islands at Washington as to ber
ble to take advantage of the ex
rience gained iji one, when dealing
-ithi the problem~s that from time to
ime arise in another,
In conclusion let me express n.
dmiration for the werk done by the
~cngress when it enacted the law
nder which the island is now being
dministered. After seeing the is
id personally, and after five years'
xperience in connection with its ad
inistration. it is but fair to those
rho devised this law to say that it
ould be well-nigh impossible to
ave devised any other which in the
etual working wo.uld hav'e accom
ilished better results.
'he White House, December 21, 19003.
Writing Business Letters.
"I know," said a business man of
wide experience, "how crowded with '
~tudies the schools are now, and I
;hould be loath to recommend the in
roduction of any new ones. But I
lo wish sometimes that the boys and
lrls who are giving time to so many
ittle fads could be induced to give
nore to the art of writing letters."
He did not refer to the mere art of
writing correct English or the art
f writing an interesting personal let
:er, says The Keystone, b-ut to the
preparation of really good business
letters, in which the matter at hand
should be treated not only clearly
tnd concisely, but also courteously.
Ihe need he mentioned is one w'cich
s felt by thousands of business
nen and may well claim the atten
ion of young people who look for
ward to business life. The ability to
write intelligently is not rare, but
he capacity to write in such a way
L to produce a pleasant personal feel
ng for, the house one represents is
xtremely rare. Many writers fail in
:he matter of co-urtesy-either in way
of constant omi-ssion of articles and
constant abbreviation or in neg'ect
.ng to give the other man the bene
it of the doubt. "'Never allow your
rst letter, in a case of difference.
to be harsh or discouarteous." said a
business man to one of his clerks.
'No matter how much you think the
man has injurei us, give him the
benefit ot the doubt. Assume that he
bas made a mistake rather than that
ae ha misrnresented."
OPt OR S. RIVRS
elegates All 4Rtsted in Work in
Soth-Co*Vssman Burton Likes
Col.Imbia, Special-Mr. L. B. Doz
r, who was a delegate from Colum
a to the rivers and harbors congress
id last week in Washington, return
i Saturday. Mr. Dozier is an On
usiastic believer in river veation
-om Columbia to Georgetown and he
.voted his entire time to the sesions
id in visiting members of thg riv
s and harbors committee of t;at
)use. As a rtsult of rece.rt efforts
predicts that Columbi,% will get ev
fthing wanted and t6at Congress
an Lever will intoduce a bill for
e appropriatiot at an early date.
"Our session was a successful one
om eve;y sAndpoint," said Mr. P
'er. "It is practitally certain
at ObluwN wilt get a government E
>propriation for dredging and deep,
ing tlk Cor.garee rver.
"I tlkzd to Cagressman Burto a
out his trip dkwn the river Iasi D
meer, He re=embered it all right
tink anybo4ly would have remem
red that trig But Mr. Burton was
so Impresse with the possibilities F
inland uvigation in South Care
ia and 1* did'nt let delt.ys and awk
ard ;a.eidents prevt him from
akiuga few notes that I believe will t
ot bnefit to Colum14a, 8
"1; are not yet ready to make F
ibliz the amount asked for by Co
mli% and Georgetown for the river s
>ik-1 b;-t we fe,l satisfied with our 9'
"Did you see the president ?' was 0v
ked Mr. Dozier. I t<
"I did not,' he replied. "At the
ne of the reception Mr. Motgan of
wrgetown and myself were busy
th members of the rivers and har- q
rs committee. Secretary Clark of C
e Chamber of Commerce went up to h:
e White House as a representative is
em this city but we did not think tc
well for all of us to go at once. v
)u see it might gi--e the president ei
exaggerated idea of Columbia's ir
portance. B-t I am satisfied that m
e convention did a great deal of s
od especially in the South, and the m
uthern delegates took a very prom- fi<
mnt part in the proceedings." w
In an interview published in The m
ate recently Congressman Lever a,
id that he would introduce a bill in 3r
e house for river work in this dis- st
Let. About $25,000 a year -is'need
for about three years for the
edge work and about $75,000 for
e completion of the work already
irted near the government dam. a,
tis will enable boats to come up to tl
foot of Senate street as was orig- o
illy planned. The rivers and har- tc
rs bill will pass congress this year re
d it will be good news to Co"um. h<
ins to know that there will be a b
ragraph in the appropriation for
'lumbia. .____ g
w Flies to Pieces With Fearful Re
Dillon, Special.-James Morrisoni.
rger at J. F. Ray's saw mill about e
ree miles~ from Dillon was instantly tb
led Friday afternoon by a most
igular accident. Having just come
from the woods. he went under the
ed to receive some memoranda from
.y for further work in his line. Both a
them were standing within a fewa
~t of .the butting saw when it went
pieces, a part of which striking
rrison squarely in front, severed
a hand from the arm and opened upt of
entire chest cavity, exposing tha B:
igs and heart. Death was instan- W.
leous. Mr. Ray came at once to p(
Hlon and reported the facts. He ap. ax
ared to be in a most terrible state ce
nervous agitation, his own escapd re
m death being most miraculous fa
d besides which looking into the ye
e of the big stalwart lumberman pi
ya few inches awar- suddenly to lit
the extended hand drop off and ca
whole front of the poor victim's th~
:ly torn open was a spectacle ap- W
fling to the stoutest:heart. W:
Outlet for S. A. L?
Charleston, Special.-It is rumor
in railroad circles here that the nt
uitherni Railway and the Seaboard MI
r Line have come to an agreement w
which the former will turn over a
line to Charleston. formerly the lo
South Carolina Railroad. enablin.g or
Seaboard Air Line to enter Char- at
ton, which has been planned for ve
ne time. d
Clarenden Cotton Growers.
Mlanning. Special.-The Clarendos
unty Cotton Growers' Association Y<
:t Saturday at the court house in wv
ponse to a call made through Pres- C<
int Hodge by the Southern Cotton w;
sociation. A number of represen- th
ive citizens from all sections of the b
mnty were present. and seemed to b(
quite enthusiastuc over the .work la
the association. President Hodge Iad
led the meeting to order and made th
annual report of the work done th
d the conditizns existing in this ge
Short Crop Now Apparent.
Fort Motte. Special-The farmers.
now beginning to realize how very
rt the cotton crop is in this see- I 3
n. 0: farmer assures your cor
~pondent Mxat he will fall short at Of
st 400 bales frora last yer Mer- 1T
ants report very: poor collections ib
d trade very small for this season
the year. One farmer says that 2
d it not been for the beef cattle D
d hogs he raised this year he would tE
;-e uct been able to pay out. W
The Bank of Fort Motte.
Fort Motte, Special.-The stork
Iders of the Bank of Fort Motta
id their annual meeting on the 7th.
e following directors were elected p
r the ensuiing year: Robert Lide, J1. (
Maynard. Geo. W. Fairey. M. D. t
~lier, W. B. Trezerant. Thos. T- t
in. John A. Peterkin. G. W. Wil-|
~d. and H. H. Cauthen.iv
The board of directors elected Mr. I
~bert Lide, president: J. G. May- b
rdl. vice president, and H. H. Cau- h
)ccurrences of iterest fron
All Over South Carolina.
1ANY IEMS Of STAR NEWS
SBatch bf le Paragraphs Cover.
ing & Wide Range-What is Goin
OhI in Our State.
Tri-County Fair Asociation.
Batesburg, Special.-A very en
itsiastie meeting was held, the pur
ose of which was to set in motion
2e Tri-County Fair Association ofz
atesburg. The meeting was calle
der by Dr. W. P. Timmerman,.
& W. Watson and Barrett Jones.
ere elected president and secretary
rotem, respectively. The following!
:ard of directors was elected witIe
ie understanding that the number
ight be later increased to 15; J
rank Kneece, A. C. Jones, W. W
iatson, J. W. Dreher, E. L. Hartley, r
ohn Bell Towill. M. E. Rutland, J.J.
awl and J. Walter McCarthy. From.
iese the following officers were elect
i: M. E. Rutland, president; J.,
rank Kneece, vice president; J.. Wal
r McCarthy,,secretary;.W. W. Wat
n, treasurer, and J. Walter Dreher.
meral manager. The associatiod
roposes to be capitalized at $5,00*
ith the privilege of increasing same.
Two Rural Stations Proposed.
Laurens. 9pecial.-Upon the re
iest of Postmaster George S. MeL
ravy, the postoffice department has
id Postoffice Inspector Roberts, who.
working in this section at presente
visit the Laurens and Watts mill
lage, the former 'ocated within the
ty limits, the latter a mile beyondi
ith the view of establishing rural'
ail stations at these points. The inK:
ection was made this week. Post
aster McCravy visited both mill of
es with the inspector. Mr. Roberts
as pleased with the prospects of
aking these postal improvemints,
id it is understood that he has ree
amended the establishment of both
Auto Explodes and Injures Two.
Columbia, Special.-The boilers of.
t automobile exploded, blowing lit
Malcolm Richard, the four-year-'
d son of Mr. J. E. Richad, high in
the air, breaking his left thight and
ndering him unconscious for many
>urs. Mr. Harry Richard, an older
'other, who had been driving the
achine, was thrown violently to the
ound and stunned. The machine
s torn literally into fragment.,:
.rts of it being thrown on the roof,
'the house next door and others be.~
g hurled far into the,air and lodg
in trees higher than the roof o~
e house and the yard in which the
:plosion occurred was strewn with
rts of the machine. The shock of
e explosion was felt three blocks
ray and the denomination was heard
far as Main street.
An Eight Per Cent Dividend.
Batesburg, Special.-At a meeting
the directors of the First National
mnk held on Tuesday afternoon, it
is decided to pay a dividend of S
r cent to the stockholders. This
aount will be paid out about De..:
mber 31st. The bank has made -a
markable record in spite of the
et that this has been a "tight"
ar with farmers. The undivide4i
ofits for the year show a total ofa
tle more then 20 per cent of the
pital invested. After payine- -out
e dividend of 8 per cent, a nice sum.
11 be left to augment the surplus,.
ich is already $6,000.
Killed by Falling Limb.
Marion, Special.-A negro lab>orer
Emed Kennedy, an employe of the
aion County Lumber Company,
is accidentally killed by a limb from
falling tree while at work cutting
rs about a mile from Marion. Con
er Lassiter was promptly notikd
d held an inquest over the body, the
rdict of the jury being that his
ath was the result of an accident.
Shop Girl Had Exciting Time.
Columbia, Special.-Miss Elizabeth
pp, one of the young ladies who.
rks at the candy counter of the
>bb "Five and Ten Cent Store,"
is held up on Laurel street, near
e Shields Foundry, Monday night
-a negro man, who took her pocket
>ok and several dollars. The young
dy was on her way home, unattend
.when the negro approached her in
e dark and, seizing her by the arm,
rew her to the ground, and after
tting possession of her pocket book-a
caped in the darkness.
Drowned in a Washtub.
Greenwood, Special.-The little 5
ar-old daughter of Mr. and Mrs..
R. Ellis, who live 10 miles south
here, was drowned in a washtub.
1e little child elimbedI up in a wheel
rrow standing by the tub and fell
the tub of water. She was there,
Sminutes before being discovered.
r. Ward, the nearest physician, was,
lephoned for, but the little child'
as dead before he could get there.
Gov. Ansel will Preside.
Greenville, Special. - Gov.-eleet
-nsel hs accepte~d an invitation t<
reside over the meeting of the Red
'ross society to be held in Charles
>n Jan. 26, at which meeting Secre.
arv of War Taft and many othe2
rominent public men of Washingtor '
ill take part. Mr. A. C. Kaughman
resident of the-- South Carolina
ranch 'of the society, spend a day
ere and extended the invitation t