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Mt. Zion to Lose State Aid.
In a circular letter recently
sent out by State Superintendent
of Education Swearingen, atten:
tion is called to the fact that
"A high schcol district, in order
to receive state aid, must levy
for school maintenance a special
tax of not less than four mills.
This new law went into effect
Up to the present time Mt.
Zion has received from the State
High School fund the sum of
$600 per year. This has enabled
the school authorities to abolish
all tuition fees.
School District No. 14 has a
special tax of only 3 mills. It
will be readily seen that unless
the people of the district vote
enough additional mills to con
form to the new law, the dis
trict will lose all State aid. This
will mean that Mt. Zion must re
duce its teaching force by at least
two teachers, or reduce the school
term from nine months to-seven
months, or must return to thel
charging of tuition for all High
School pupiIs. This charge, be-'
fore it was abolished, was $2.50
per month for all high school
pupils, or $22.50 for the section
of nine months. These charges,
if put into operation again, would
amount to a considerable sum for
the patrons who have two or
more children in the high school
The work being done by the
sbhool at the present time is:
given recognition by schools and
colleges all over the State. The
enrollment of high school pupils
is higher than that of any other
school in the state in Droportion:
to the size of the town.. Are the
people of the town and district
willing o see the work of the
school crippled? We have just
secured an all day and all night
electric current, we are soon to
enjoy the benefits of water and
sewerage; are we willing to ad
vertise to the world that we are
to decrease our teaching force
when the number of pupils is
constantly increasing, or that we
have reduced our school term
from nine monts -to seven or
eight; that we are charging our
high school pupils tuition fees?
At the present time four school
districts in the county h?ve a
higher special tax than we have.
Columbia has recently voteda
special levy of five mills for school
purposes. All the towns around
us of any size have .a higher
special tax than we have, and
have better school buildings.
Shall we lag behind? Are weI
willing to lose S600 for school
purposes by refusing to increase:
our special tax enough to meet
the demands of the law? If we
increase our special tax by one
mill we can secure $600 or per
haps $700 from the State and in
crease our teaching force by the
addition of another teacher in
order to care for the increasing:
number of pupils.I
What say ther patrons of the
school and the voters of the dis
The following letter from the
department of education explains
the situation ss to our school:
The General Assembly at its
recent session amended the High
school law in several respects.
The Governor affixed his signa
ture March 15th.
1. A high school may be es
tablished by trusteess without
the trouble of an election or a pe
2. A high school to receive
State aid must have at least 251
high school pupils and two high
zchod te: 3hers and not fewer
than three elementary teache'rs.
One-teachier high schools receiv
ing state aid this year are to be
tranferred to the Rural Graded
class after June 30, 1916. All
such schools should apply in
August for aid for next year.
Such applications should be sent
to the State Superintendent of.
7. The limit of 2,500 popula
tion has been removed. Towns
above this population are eligible
for State aid. If such towns ac
cept this aid, their high schools
are open to high sthool pupils:
from that county or an adjoining
county, without tuition.
4. A high school district in
order to receive State aid must:
levy for school mnaintenan~ce a*
special tax of not less than four
mills. This may be levied as a~
general school tax, a high school
tax, or both.
5. No longer will State appro
priations to high schools be made
on a basis of teaching force. A
two-teacher high school is limi
ted to $500,. a three-teacher high
school to $600. and a high school
of four cr more teachers to $700.
. 6. The State Board of Educa
tion is empowered to establish
not more than five teacher-train
OF FAIRFIfLD COUNITY
(BY W. J. ELLIOTT.)
South Carolina has always had
a place on the map since the coun
ty was first settled and Fairfield
county was always in evidence
in all matters of war and peace.
The Mexican war called a goodly
number of Fairfield county men
to the struggle, though I do not
remember even having heard that
any Fairfield county men were
at the Alamp. (Can some student
of history tell us?) I've seen the
which was presented to Mexican
veterans from our old county.
General Gladden. of Mexican
fame, was a brother of Mrs.
Powell, mother of J. W. Powell,
now of Columbia. One old vet
eran of two wars, a native and
life long resident of our county
was Richard Jackson Gladney.
He had one of the above men
tioned medals and was proud of
it. Mr. Gladney told me on a
certain occasion that while he
was in Cherubusko, Mexico, he
was boiling some soup for Gen.
Maxcy Gregg who vas confined
because of a wound and that the
Mexicans were at the time shell
ing the town during an earth
quake. He said they were up'
stairs in a stone or cement build
ing and that between the shells
and the earthquake he would
"sware pint blank" the jarring
"shuck" the soui off the riddle
and broke the stitches in Maxcy:
Gregg's wound. He was very
fond of talking of Maxey Gregg.
Mr. Gladney was a soldier in the
"Uncivil" war and was a goodi
fighter. 'It was told of him that
he was very fond of one of the
Jeters from Union county and
was always apprehensive that
some disaster would befall Jeter.
So on a certain night while the
Yankees were shelling our men
he ran outand said, "Men, great
God, look at that shell; I woNider
where Jeter is"-and yelled out,
"Look out Jeter. here comes a
At a reunion of the Mexican
veterans in Washington, D. C.
Tom Mackey, who was a Mexican
veteran, met Mr. Jack Gladney
and inquired of him: "Now Mr.
Gladney what branch of the ser
vice did you occupy in the Mexi
can wa.r?" Mr. Gladney replied,
"Only a private Judge Mackey.I
fought through the Mexican war
and through the Confederate war
as a private.", Taking Mr. Glad
ney by the. arm, Judge Mackey
said, "Come with me to the ros
trum," Calling the assembly of
veterans to order Tom Mackey
addressed them: "Fellow com
rades of the Mexican war, allow
me to present to you Richard
Jackson Gladney, of Fairfield
county, South Carolina, the onily
surviving private of the Mexican
war." Old man Jack had not
learned the art of acquiring a
post between army title.
There was quite a number of
Sherman's men killed near Jack
Gladney's house and they lie
buried in the pines near the road.
Three pines were known as the
"Yankee pines" for a lcng time.
Mr. Gladney was in no way con-!
nected with their death, so far
as I know. Three of Sherman's
men lie buried beyond the three-'
mile post near the home of Hugh
S. Wylie and I know who killed1
them. I have also been informed!
as to who was in pursuit of the
men killed near Jack Gladney's
place. But after a lapse of so
many years I presume its best!
that the names be kept from the
When Sherman's army was
camped in Fairfield county some
of his men were having a dance
with negro women on the Adger
place where Mr. Samuel Cath
cart's present residence is locat
ed. The music was going at a
great pace and all was merry.
Walter J. Keller. who was a:
Confederate scout, in company
with one or more of his comrades
fed their horses from the troughs
of the Yankke wagon in the camp:
at Adger. These scouts wore
Yankee overcoats and it was
hard to distinguish them from
the regular Yankees. They wit
nessed the dance from the out
side, as they could not venture
ing courses in connection with
approved high schools. Not:
more than one such can b~e mamn
tained in any one county, and
not more than $1,000 can be used
in any one training course.
If any of these amendments in
any way touch your high school,
you are advised to open corres-1
iondence at once with the State
Department of Education.
J. E. SwEARINGEN,
near the light. Waiting around;
on the outskirts of the camp till
toward morning they saw a Yan
kee come from his tent undress- L
ed. Slipping up to the fellow
Kellar told him to keep quiet or
he would be a mead man. Of:
course the comma'd was obeyed.
On this cold February night
Kellar mounted this 4nan on a
Yankee horse without' allowing
him to dress and by breakfast
time turned him over to Wade
Hampton who was at the time in I
Chester. The town was full of
men and women, when Gen.
Hampton -came out and arrested
the man for appearing in com
pany in that undressed condition,
understanding *full well why he
was not dressed. The Yankee re- I
plied, "General, your men would
not give me any chance to dress."
The fact of this man's appear
ance in this guise at Chester is
recorded in history and Walter
Keller told me he was the man
who captured the Yankee on the
Adger place. In fact, he told me
of the incident before I read it
in (I think) Butler and his caval
ry, by Brooks.
For a nuraber of years after
the war it was not safe for Con
federates of Tennessee and Ken
tucky to return home. Some
men from Tennessee stayed in I
Fairfield county. Two men whose
names I remember were Fitzger
ald and Bishop. They spent a
good part of' their time in wes
tern Fairfield and the negroes
were very much afraid of them.
Fitzgerald married a Miss Hen
derson, sister of Mr. Stuart Hen
derson of Newberry county. Mr.
stuart Henderson married Miss
Ella Milling of the Salem section:
I have been with them at their
home near Blairs by the New
berry side of the Ri;ver within
the last six years. M&. Fitzger-'
ald died A year ago. On my trip
to Mr. Henderson's I met Fitz
gerald's brother from Tennessee
who told me that it was not an
uncommon thing to hear three or
four shots at night and when
morning came to find two or three
dead men in the neighborhood.
The place was thickly settled and
it was neighbor against neighbor.
He explained to me that this con
dition prevented his brother from
coming home. So he married a
congenial woman in a congenial
clime. The visiting brother told
me we had no conception of the
condition in his state after the;
I don't know whe~ isbop was;
from but he was, ~,nlNrom
the same state. Hq a~ terror'
to negroes. Some lo e(O'Neil
negroes came to u nsboro to
work for my mot and they
regaled us at ni' wigbthe
terrors of Bishop. We eieafraid
to go to bed for fear we would
dreamt of Bishop. Th~ negroes~
seemed to fear him pcially.
He was killed by the ne oes near'
or on the Furman place.~ He was
expected along there ~nd .the
negro who fired the shoL was in!
the yard and took the advantage
of an opening in the field from
ambush. I remember the time of
the trial. Col. Rion defended
the negroes charged with the
murder and I heard him say that
word was sent him by Bishop's
friends that they would kill any
lawyer who undertook to defend
the negro. I heard the Colonel
explain, in this connection, why'
he occupied the desk to the
Judge's left. He stated that be
cause of his seniority he was en
titled to the seat of honor, on the
right of the Judge. But owing
to the fact that he carried his
pistol in the left pocket of his
coat s,kirt, he chose the position
so he'could hold the left side of'
his coat with the -left hand and
draw and fire with the right, the
position giving him the advan
tage of having the Bishop crowd
more at his front than his rear.
Col. Rion had his own peculiar
ideas about all matters. During
a very exciting time in the court
house yard in 1878 he said to me,
"Elliott, where have you got your
pistol?"Ireplied, "In my hip poc
ket of course, Col". He said,
"Look down this roll of law paper
in my left hand, 'and therein what!
appeared to be a judgment roll
he nestled a 32 Smith and Wes
son, sayinz, "I can pull my pistol
without being suspected. You'
may be shot while reaching to
ward your hip pocket. I never
was shot, I am thankful to say."
Jno. T. Yates, sovereign
clerk, W. 0. W., who makes his:
headquarters at Omaha, mada3 an;
address to the Charleston Wood
men and their frie'nds on Mon
Blind tigei. and shipments of
liquor going into Charleston con
tinue to have the active attention~
of the constables. Police officers
stay on guard at the express
See the Direc
us at the Ass(
There is no need
few foreign concer
Company is able to 1
Come in and talk
we can protect yot
H. E. KETCHI
SECRETARY AND I
1, M. D. C. Colvin, Stroth
Blackstock; 4, F. A. Neil,
M. Gadsden, Rockton; 8,]1
Rockton, R. F. D.; 10, F. I
12, E. M. McNaull, Win1nsI
The quality of
ING BUT IT'
- - - - G 1|
d Cheap Pro
) US---WE NI
tor in your Districi
to become panic stricken ol
as withdrawing from the Stat,
:ake care of every Country ril
it over with us. We can.o
r property and save you mo
N, T. L. J
r; 2, Will Patrick, Woodward:
Winnsboro; 5 and 6 R. C. R4
:. A. Finley, Ridgeway, R. F. ID
[. Mann, Wallaceville; 11, C. B.
oro; 13, Milo B. Martin, Stroti
every article is gun
~s will be to youir 1
NTEE COSTS Y
S WORTH A GR
OD THINGS TO WEAR'"
L or call on
a account of a
e for this Home e
;k in theCounty
how you how
;3, Neely Bandhead,
mees, Longtown; 7, F.
.; 9, B. RBehm
ier; 14, S. C. Uathcr,