PEOPLE OF SOUTH CAROLINA
W HEREAS, the National Government and our State Government realize that an ample
supply of foodstuffs, both for this country and for those other countries who are likewise
at war with the Imperial German Government, is necessary for the successful prosecu
tion of military operations. They also realize that the available food supplies of the
world are entirely inadequate, and that the successful prosecution of this war is menaced by said
food shortage. They have, therefore, called upon the people of South Carolina to discontinue, as
far as possible, their drafts upon the already heavily depleted national food reserves, and also to
add to the national food reserves by the production at home of every possible pound of food for
man and beast.
In order that the people of South Carolina may be advised of the national peril caused by
food shortage, and that effective steps may be taken in this State for food production and conser
vation, his Excellency, the Governor of South Carolina, has constituted a commission known as
the Commission for Civic Preparedness for War. He has charged this Commission with awaking
our people to the necessity of united and patriotic action in the face of nat9nal peril.
That the people may be properly informed and induced to take the necessary co-operative
action, the following facts are recited:
The available supplies of foodstuffs are the lowest in all food-producing countries that
they have been for over fifty years.
Prices of most foodstuffs have about doubled during the past two or three years.
The government crop report forecasts a wheat crop which willbe short f American con
The reserve supplies of meats are far below normal.
A nation at war requires more food thah a nation.at peace.
France, England, Belgium and Italy are short of food and are largely dependent on Amer
ican imports, and, unless some means is found of supplying them, they. cannot continue to fight
The South is importing from the West and North $600,000,000 to $700, 000,000 worth of
foodstuffs annually and is thus a tremendous drain on the nation's food resources and, conse
quently, is now a menace to the nation's safety.
A pound of cotton at 20c. will actually buy less foodstuffs now than normally.
If-the world shortage of foodstuffs becomes acute and the people actually suffer, they
will stop buying clothing. They must buy food as long as it is available.
Under such conditions, the price of cotton will fall, but the price of foodstuffs will advance
still further (unless regulated by law.)
The raising of foodstuffs in the South is accompanied by an improvement of the soil, as
legumes are universally used in a food crop rotation. This enables cotton and other 'crops to
be more cheaply raised the following year.
The program for increased foodstuffs is identical with the program for preparation for
the boll weevil, and an increase of the acreage to foodstuffs and of the production of hve stock
would be necessary if the world were at peace.
Farm laborers are leaving the State in great numbers. Cotton requires more labor than
any other crop. Foodstuffs and live stock can be produced with much less labor.
If the State and nation do their duty in the production of foodstuffs (as we confidently believe they will),
the next cotton crop will probably bring a fair price, and we do not wish the impression to go abroad that this
Commission advocates a wholesale abandonment of the cotton acreage planned. 'We do, however, most strenu
ously urge every farmer in South Carolina to produce ample provisions for his family and laborers and a surplus
for sale. We urge upon the town people the planting of waste lands and backyards to garden truck. We urge
every man, woman and child in the State not to waste food. Food waste under present conditions is criminal.
A campaign for food production and conservation will be waged in every county in the State. Practical
plans for effectively meeting the sitr ation will be presented.
We call upon the people of South Carolina-black and white, old and young-to erlist as one man m
order that this great State may stand forth conspicuous in national service, solidly supporting our great and
good President in this hour of national peril.
DAVID R. COKER,
Approved: Chairman South. Carolina Commission for
RICHARD I. MANNING, Governor. Civic Preparedness for War.
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