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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1901-1982, April 26, 1917, Image 1

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THE NEWS AND HERALD
wVol. LXX-No 96 WNSO .S.C. THURSDAY, APRI 26, 1917.Etbihd14
PPAREDNESS CAMPAIGN
CLOSEDI TUESDAY NIGHT
MEETINGS HELD IN EVERY
SECTION OF COUNTY
All Indications Point to the Plant
ing of a Tremendous Crop of
Food and Feed Stuffs.
From all sides there is heard state
ments of satisfaction over the outcome
of the whirlwind campaign for civic
preparedness that has just been held in
this county. Enthusiasm over the
matter of preparing to meet the food
shortage has risen by leaps and bounds
and it is safe to say that the people of
the county are more thoroughly aroused
over the situation than ever before in
the history of the county.
Beginning last Friday night speak s
have been sent into all parts of le
county and to both races to talk to them
along the line of food shortage and
place.bef(,re them the plans laid out by
the cour-.i committee for the purpose
of meeting this shortage with home
raised food.- From every meeting point
has come reports of record breaking
crowds and there was every indication
at each of these places that the people
are more intensely interested in the
matter of increasing their food crops
than-ever before in the history of the
county.
The speakers have urged the increas
ing food for man and feed for stock at
the earliest possible date this summer.
Gardens have been stressed and es
pecially those garden crops that the
sum will cure so that they may be
saved for winter use. On the other
hand the point has been stressed that
our people waste at lea$ twenty five
per cent of the fdod' stafs that they
use and they. have beer urged to pre
serve-food as well as raise more food.
The crowds that have greeted the
speakers have been most interested
listeners and have shown -by. their
questions and*ords-of--approval that
the plans made by the county committee
in the matter of what crops to plant
will be.followed by- almost aR of' the
farmers of the county. In many of
these sections committees have been
appointed to co-operate with the peoDle
in carrying into execution the plans
suggested at these meetings. Taken
sllin-ill these ig, no. question bt:tbat
the campaign bas beenmostsuccesfuk
FINGER-NAIL SEETCHES OF THE
MEN WHO RUN TEE U. S. WAVY
Washington, April 24.-"What has
come to him, he has won by hard work
always,"
This is what the Nav'y Department
thinks of Admiral William Shepherd
Benson, Chief of Naval Operations, Pres
ident of the General Board of the Navy,
and the'obne man, above all others, upon
'whom rests the success or failure of the
fleet
When Congress recently wrote into
the law that Admiral Benson's orders
''were to be considered as emanating
from the Secretary of the Navy and have
full force and effect as such," it showed
what it thought of him.
The Chief of Operations is truly a
Southern Gentleman. He was born on
a small plantation in the heart of Geor
gia in 1855, and has carried with him
throughout his brilliant career the best
traditions of the old South.
Tall, spare, with a most courtly bear
ing and a full white mustache, much like
his predecessor Admiral Dewey, the Ad
miracl presents the most distinguished
acearance. His rise has been metoric
dr -ing the past few years.
sfis first cruise as captain of a bat
tieship was in 1913, when he piloted
Navy Yard, where he did "his bit" with
the Utah to the fleet pennant. He then
assumed command of the Philadelphia
such "great labor and excellence," as to
be called to Washington in 1915', when
a man was sought to create and take
charge of the new vital office of Naval
Operations.
Admiral Benson is not a man given to
epigrams, especially those of the first
person. "I" seldom falls from his lips.
'lf be can be induced to admit his ser
vices in Washington have met with "fair
success" the Admiral will immediately
impress it upon you that it is solely ow
ing to "the loyalty and co-operation"
of his associates.
This is what his brother officers say
of the present ranking officer of the U.
S. Navy.
This is the happy warrior.
This is he
Whom every man in arms
YEIERANS OF SIXIfS
FIRM ON CONSCRIPTION
ANNUAL REUNION HELD IN
, CHESTER
Remnant of Grey Clad Host!
Pledge Their Loyalty to
Their Country.
Chester, April 25.-The annual reun
ion of the South Carolina division, Unit
ed Confederate Veterans, which has been
ia session in Chester for two days, clos
ed tonight, when the curtain descende,
upon the brilliant reunion ball.
The reunion was said to have been
one of the most remarkable from every
standpoint ever staged in South Caro
lina. The programme was the most
elaborate and the speakers and enter
tainments were of the very highest or
der.
Today's programme opened at 9:30
o'clock in the auditorium of the city
hall with a musical programme of South
ern airs and national selections.
An address was delivered by Miss
Mildred Rutherford, of Athens, Ga., up
on the great work that she is doing
i. compiling an accurate 'history of the
War Between the Sections. She was
formerly historian of the United Daught
ers of 'the Confederacy. She possesses
.a wonderful mind and her address to
day was a historical masterpiece.. Many
o: the prominent veterans said that she
gave mo;e accurate facts than they
had read in histories and articles in
the past ten years. Her work is in the
line of getting together data, from
Northerh as well as Southern sources,
so that the truth of the Whr Between
the Sections will go down to posterity.
She is said to be accomplishing a monu
mental task in a truly wonderful way
that will be of lasting credit to the
South. She is a capital speaker, pos
sessing a magnetism that held her large
audience for over an hour. She used no
manuscript, quoting piles of figures from
memory that fairly startled the peo
ple.
.Tho. following .officers were re-elete
for 'the ensuing year: B. H. Teague of
Aiken, miajor general commanding the
South Carolina division; Gen. W. A.
Clark of Columbia, commander of the
First brigade; while Gen. C. A. Reed of
Anderson was again ehosen to command
Ithe Second brigade.
The following pension board was re
elected: Capt. W. H. Edwards of Chester
(Xgtto%. . Sawyer of Columbia;Cap-L
D; R.lFenniken ot.olumbia,. CoL R. J.'
Morris and Dr. Willia-m Weston of -Co
lumba
Two important resolutions were pass
ed, as follows:
fResolved, That the ison of a -deeased
futher shall have the right to take the
father's place as a full member of the
United Confederate Veteran caanp.
"Resolved, That we request the Uni
ted Daughters of the Confederacy to al
low the desceudant, male or 'female, to
wear the eross of honor of a .deceased
Confederate -soldier, provided the nam a
of the original owner is distinctly mark
ed upon if."
The South Carolina division today
voted to support George P. Harrison of
Opelika, Ala., at the Washington re
union in Washington in June for re
election as general commanding the Uni
ted Confederate Veterans.
The annual memorial exercises par
took of a very solemn and imprressive na
ture. It was to the Confederate dead.
Many noble and beautiful tribntes were
paid to the devoted women of the Con
federacy.
The veterans voted thanks to the
people of Chester for their unbounded
hospitality, and to the press of the
State.
The following noteworthy resolution
idorsing President Wilson's seleetiveI
draft system was introduced by Gen.
W. A. Clark of Columbia. and was un
animously adopted by the veterans:
"Whereas, our country has become
involved in a war now being waged
among the leading nations of Europe
which for its magnitude is without par
allel in the history of the world and
which for its atrocious cruelties is vio
lative of the rules of civilized warfare:
a war in which the militarism of Ccer
many-the remnant of medevial ages-1
threatene to deprive the people of their,
eivil and political freedom.i
"And whereas it now * omes all true
Americans to rally to our flag with a
cordial enthusiastic support.
"Now therefore be it resolved by thei
South Carolina division, United Confed
rate Veterans in annual reunion assem-<
bled. That we pledge our loyalty to our
country and to our flag; and in token
of this pledge we hold ourselves sub- 1
ect to our country's call and ready, at
the command of the president, to render
such service as may in our power lie.
"Resolved further, That we hereby <
declare our confidence in our president
and in our congress and pledge our cor
dial mmnport to all meaure which may 1
DICTATORSHIP OVER FOOD
SUPPLY OF WORL
THIS MAY BECOME PART 0
GREAT WAR CAMPAIGN
Indications Are This Action Wi
Result, from Conference
N c/srj Session.
Washington, ' 26.-That son
American, probZ Terbert C. Hoov
r Secretary Wii. '- vill within ti
next few months beto he food dicta
or of the world, is i. d from tl
development of the int C: 'onal -x
conference in progress he
More and more are thL onferen
proceedings chrystalizing a monument
campaign to feed the allies. Shippii
and finance are considered as comps
atively collateral, though vital.
Washington, April 26.-The result
the first Congressionally authoriz
pTobe into prices of foods conducted he
reported today, is that there is "i
just ground for such high prices of mai
of the products as are demanded."
The probers recommend the urge
need of organizing comprehensive ma
keting machinery and which would brii
the producing and consuming commm
ties into trading relations with ea
other.
The conditions unearthed, here, mi
ht a criterion of what tie federal tra
commission may find in its nation-wi
investigation. The probers found tb
the reports of the food shortage we
misleading, that the prices in mai
cities were unusually high, the poor I
ing forced to resort to the stricte
economy to provide food.
The sale of ordinary cuts of .me
appears to have been discontinued a
the consumers are exercising more fr
gality than ever before, this being prc
en by the decrease in the garbage o
kections.
The shipments of foodstuffs has be
held up abnormally -and, consequent
the supply has been abnormally depl4
ed. The element of food speculation b
been a.potent factor in. the- increas
prices.
The shipments of food to the belli
erents has not affected the price of I
tatoes, eggs and onions, but the pri<
o; these products have soared with t
prices of other foods.
The committee conducting the pro
recommended the establishments of i
nicipal wholesale markets, that the p3
ily-.brought-together, cutting out.soi
of the' middleanen.
Washingt6n, April 2.--For the pi
pose of aiding the farmers of the nati
ii meeting the food situation, the g<
ernment today took steps to throw
hwndred million dollars ino the brea
Secretary McAdoo announced that all
the postal savings deposits would
made immediately available for loans
farmers.
Salesmen Lend a Hand in Northwes
Minneapolis, April 26.-Three thoi
and salesmen are preaching bigger crc
to the farmers of the Northwest tods
Resolved to take every possible step
spur the thousands of farmers in t
vast Northwest to produce the maximi
crop, all salesmen with headquarters
Minneapolis are talking big acreage a
bigger crops everywhere they go. Ma:
deal directly with farmers and will es
ry the call of agricultural mobilizati
direct to the soil.
Wholesale firms are behind this mo
and are urging their country trade
work for bigger crops. Railroads throu,
every agency are advertising the ne
of increased production. Posters w
be displayed on fences. barns and si;
posts throughout the northwest callia
on farmers to work for 'large crops.
ROOT WIILGO TO
AID> OF THE RUSSIAI
Washington, April 26.-Elihu Root ha
cepted the chairmanship of the Ame
ican commission to Russia. The Ameci
ran workers will assist the Russians
levelopment of their resources and,
lesired, in the reorganization of the
governent.
M adopted for the prosecution of tI
var and approve the selective draft syl
:em as may be best calculated to inui
speedy and successful termination; 5
vhich righteousness shall prevail, ar
'pon which a peace may be establishe
suring future generations immnunit
gainst such cruelties and the horroi
t uncivilized war'are in which i
ights of humanity shall be vindicate
nd the principles oZ democracy tr
imph over the tyranny of royalty.
"And to this end we pledge our live:
mr fortunes and our sacred honor.
"Resolved further, That the adjutar
i this division be directed to tram
nit a copy of these resolutions to t'
resident of the United States and t
OPPOSITION 0 SELEC
0 TIVE DRAFI DWINDLING
F HOUSE AGREES TO VOTE ON B
BILL FRIDAY
ii Now Seems Certain Draft Bill 1
Will Pass---Stevenson Urged
to' Get Into Line.
e Wdhington, April 26.-The Hous.
!r agreed to vote on the selective conscrip- oy
ie tih-n bill tomorrow. It seemed certai
t- it would pass. The debate ends this
e afternoon. bi
r I
Washington, April 26.-Congress to
.e day resumed. its struggle with the se
al Icetive conscription bill. Representa- I
tive Gardner took a poll and found that
r- much of the opposition had vanished w
and the supporters of the measure are
confident the bill will be passed by a
safe majority. No vote, however, is ex- s
A pected in either house today. i
re re
o Fort 'Mill, April 26.-The directors of st
y the Fort Mill Chamber of Commerce I
have directed a telegram to the Hon- a
at W. F. Stevenson urging him to sup- t1
r. port the plans of the administration es
ig pecially as regards the matter of selec- i
[i tive conscription, stating as their opin- Ic.
, ion that sentiment here is practically
unanimous in favor of the measure.
A
le Champ Clark Opposes. fe
le Washington, April 24.-Champ Clark
at bitterly opposed conscription today. He 01
re told a delegation from the National Se
y carity League that he would never vote
e- for conscription and that such a bill
at would never pass.
The war department is trying to bull
at doze the comtry into approving, Mr.
id Clark -said. "I am in favor of. letting G
u- the flower .and youth of the country vol- f,
v- unteer before fastening the disgrace of e4
>l- conscription upon them." a]
en RUSSIA FIRM FOR
ly CONTINUANCE OF WAR a
t-. -- a
as London, April 23.-The Daily Expresa I
ed Petrograd -correspondent- contributes an I
interview he has had with A. F. Kerensky Y
g- minister ,f justice in the new Russian ti
0- government, whom he called the Lloyd k
es George of Russia. While insisting Rus
he sia would only wage a defensive war
and countenance no annexations, M. Ker
be ensky emphasized the fact that greater il
u- enthusiasm existed in Russia today than el
0- ever before for a defensive war. Even
ne the Lithuanians, Poles, Little Russians ,
a"d Finns, who had no war- zeAl under-,
.the autocratic regime, wereio* preWr- t4
ir- edto defend their country to the utmost e
On said the minister.
v- "If President Wilson was expressing
a the will of his people and not merely
h- making a democratic move," said M.
Of Kerensky, "I am in complete sympathy e
be with the war aims he suggests as being 0
to most compatible with an enduring P
peace."a
While not objecting to the principle
- of compensation, especially in its appli
5cation to Poland and Belgium, M. Ker
PS ensky declared that he was directly op I
Y- posed to exactions for any purpose what
toever.
he The correspondent remarks on this *
'm question of reparation that M. Kerensky 9
R is not in agreement with some of his col- C
r leagues. Asked about the Russian at- r<
' titude toward the British people, M. b
.r- Kerensky said the entry of the United
o States into war after the overthrow of t]
the autocracy had given the United t4
ve States a popularity such as the British
to had rarelyy enjoyed.
b The minister of justice painted a grave g
ed ,picture of the state of affairs under the a
diautocracy, HeI saidl a Gecrman spring of-a
fensive under the old regimne would have B
i meant defeat. Asked about the insist
- ent call of the Socialists for peace, M.
Kerenskv said:"f
S "Foreign observers fail to understand st
that the call for peace was greater under ei
the old regime, but owing to the policy
sof darkness, it never appeared on the oi
surface. Now, with freedom of speech,
it appears in the full light of day to he
attract attention but to receive little M
ir strength."
Rome, April 25.-The pope has been
- informed by the papal nuncios in the d
e Teutonic countries that the general te
- strikes in Germany and Austria-Hun- t
-e gary closely approximate the scope of OU
a revolution.
d According to reports in Vatican circles A
d the nuncios assert their belief that a d
y general revolt to back the demands of tr
s the people for peace might develop. nl
d WOULD NOT D)ENY THE
. PEOPLE RIGHT TO th
CRITICISE OFFICIAL,S an
Washington. April 26.-President Wil- thi
t son declared that while he approved the pa
espionage bill, he was utterly opposed On
e to any censorship which would deny to
othe people their indisputable right to ci
REMENDOUS LOSSES
SUFFERED BY TEUTONS
RITISH ATTACK PARTIALLY
CHECKED BY GERMANS
all of Living Soldiers Used to
Check British---Loss of
Life Terrible.
London, April 26.-A complete repulse
the massed counter attack by tnl%
rman forces against the new British
sitions around Gavrelle was announced
General Haig in his report to the war
partment today.
Germany is now suffaring the most ap
Iling losses of the entire war.
To the north of the Scarpe river,
ere the British fought ahead almost
inches in the face of a great mass of
rmans, the carnage was greater than
ffered by the enemy anywhere dur
g the conflict.
Dispatches state that the Germans,
alizing that no trench works could
and against the leveling fire of the
-itish artillery, are seeking to make
wall of living beings stand against
e British.
Considering the ferocity of the fight
g, the British losses are exceedingly
w, it is stated.
With the British Armies in France,
pril 26.-One -single British post de
nding just a part of the Guillemont
rm emerged victorious today from one
the fiercest of the countless scattered
tions, marking the day as one replete
ith bitter fighting, by killing off every
an of their German assailants.
Paris, April 26.-Two tremendous
erman attacks along a mile and a half
ont to the west of Cerny, were repuis
with heavy'losses to the enemy, it is
inounced.
The Allies Failed.
Amsterdam, April 24.-The heaviest.
:tacks of the Entente forces have failed
,ording to a. Berlin report. Major
:oraht, critic, writing in the Berlin
ages. Zeitung, says. the Germans. have
telded at certain points along the line,
is being in keeping with the plan to
ep the fighting line moving.
French Hold Positions.
Paris, April 24.-The French are hold
.g the positions wrested from the en
ny last week, despite all' the German
>unterattacks.
The offiial statement says the num
I of German sasaults were designed
shake he 'grip of the'French, but fail
1. Several scattering. actions are re
>rted.
London, April 24.-General Haig gain.
I more ground in the resumed British
Tensive today. He reported further
rogress to the cast of Moncy le Preux
ad Roeux. and also gained the South
apaum-Cambrai road.
On a wide front, cast of Epheny the
ritish reached the St. Quentin canal
nd captured the villages of Villers,
ouch and Beaucamp.
This was the greatest gain yet a.chiev
I in ghe thrust against the Cambrai-St
entmn line. General Haig's report
irtly mentioned that his forces had
~ached St. Quentin canal inu the neigh
>rhood of Venrhuille.
Meantime there is no dimunition of
e power in the attack on the Germane
>the east of Monchy lePreux.
Amisterdamn, April 25.-The new anti
.-ernment socialist party precipitated
Iumultuous disturbance at yesterday's
eting of the reichstag, according to
erlin dispatches.
Socialit Ledlebours charged that the
~ovrnment was responsible for the
od crisis and demanded that the reich
ag discuss the situation and the gov
nment's mnal-administrationl.
Today, Wednesday, amidst a tempest
is debate the resolution was rejected.
A later report declared the reietag
i adjourned not to meet again until
London, April 25.-German propagan
is centering in Russia to such an ex
ait that apprehension is evidenced ever
e necessity for immediately stamping
t the German influences.
It is reported that an organized anti
nerican demonstration occurred Sun
y before the American embassy at Pe
>grad, and an attack threatened by a
mber of socialist radicals.
Richmond. April 2.5.-The governor of
Fea.1a reserve bank today issued
appeal to the state banks and trust
npanies to co-operate more fully with
Richmond institution and do their
rt in the mobilization of the nation's
a.ncial resources.4
Te said Congress had created a ma
ne to meet all emergencies, "but we
.laikerm in making use of it."
11 AMERICAN GUNNERS
SINK GERMAN SUBMARINE?
SHIP'S OWNERS NOT NOTIFIED
OF SUCH RESULT
Mongolia's Captain Describes
Encounter---Says Subma
rine Was Sunk.
New York, April 2.-The Interna
tional Mercantile Marine Company has
received no report regarding the sinking
of a submarine by the gun crew on its
freighter, the Mongolia. The command
er of the vessel merely cabled that he
had arrived safely in port.
London Skeptical.
London, April 26.-Considerable skep
ticism is manifest here as to the ability
of observers to detect a hit of a subma
rine a thousand yards distant, as report
ed by the captain of the Monogliia in re
perting the sinking of a submarine by
gun fire. Americans here hope that the
sinking may be confirmed.
London. April 25.-Captain Rice of
the American steamship Mongolia which
has arrived at a British port told the
Associated Press today that the Mon
golia had fired the first. gun of the war
for the United States and sunk a Ger
man: submarine;,~
Tie periscope was sighted 'dead
ahead on the last afternoon of the voy
age. The captain gave the order for
full speed ahead with the intention of
ramming the submarine.
The periscope disappeared- and a few
minutes later reappeared on the ship's
broadside. The gunners, fired, hitting
the periscope squarely and throwing
up a mountain of water.
Captain Rice outlined the incident
with modesty, but could not quite wn
ceal the pride he felt in the ac:ievement
of his ship. He paid a high tribute to
the'gunners, and especially to the man
ner in which they were handled by the
officer who directed the firing of the.tell
ing shot.
"For five das aid nghts,.sat -
Rice, "I had not had my clothes off- and
we kept a big force of lookouts on duty
all the time. It was 5:20 in the after
noon of the 19th that we sighted the
submarine. The officer commanding the
gunners was with me on the bridge
where in fact we had been most of the
time throughout the voyage. There was
a haze over the sea at the time. We
had just taken a sounding for we were
getting near shallow water and we were
looking at the land when the first mate
cried: 'There's a submarine off the port
bow.'
"The submarine was elose to us, too
close, in fact, for her purposes and she
was submerging again in order to ma
neuver in a better position for torpedo
ing us, when we sighted her. We saw
the periscope go down and the swirl of
the water. I quickly ordered a man at
the wheel to put it to .starboard, and
we swung the nose of the ship toward
the spot where the submarine had been
seen.
"We were going at full speed ahead
'and two minutes after we first sighted
the U-boat it emerged again about 1,
000 yards off. Its intention probably.
had been to catch us broadside on, but.
when it appeared we had the stern gum
trained full on it.
"The lieutenant gave the command
and the big guns boomed. We saw the
periscope shattered and the shell and
the submarine disappeared.
"I assure you we did not stop to re
connoitre after the incident, but steam
ed away at full speed, for it was not
improbable that there was another sub
marine about. The one I got undoubt
edly had been lying on the bottom at this
spot waiting for the ship and, came up>
when it heard our propellers. I immedi
ately sent a wireless message statings
that a submarine had been seerr.
"That's about all the story, exceptings
this:
"The governors had named the guns
on board the Mongolia, and the one
which got the submarine was called
Theodore Roosevelt; so Teddy fired the
first gun of the war after a1l?
Captain Rice recalled that he came
from Allston, Mass., and that the en
ounter with the submarine occurred
: the day when the Bay State was
elebrating the anniversary of the bat
ble of Lexington.
&ERICAN SAILORS GET
NEWS "BY UNITED) PRSS
Washington, April 24.-American sea
nen hereafter will get their news "By
Jited Press."
Each night at 10 o'clock, the big Ar
ington radio flashes out to sea the news
f the day-war stories, domestic news,
aseball scores "boiled down" by the
tavy censor, from the United Press leas
d wire re-ort.
Every ship has orders to "listen in"
.t 10 o'clock and copy the "pony re
iorts" as sent out by the censor.

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