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TE l _ _ _ _ _Es
Vo XLN,23 WNNSBORO.-'S4. GEMBER 20, 1918;Etbihdj4 -',
ENROLLMENT SHOULD BE I
SrARVATION AND SORROW DID '
NOT VANISH WHEN THE
* -~t~i thewar i-won; .mnany.
M. C nty a-e asking
wb te:-R- rO6s s plitning to en
the entire population of the-coun- t
yas members the week before Christ- d
e ai i~f the local ExeIi!1r
C of the Red Cross V
stmas Roll Call organization
'* e the following reply: r
'vation, sickness and' sorrow
-did not vaniiq ..Europe when the
hting ceased . On the contrary, the e
new conditions have revealed greater
.Opportunities for the American b
ep, through.therRed ,s-to_iktendE
oliet ishps ipera r
Bese --Fairfield boys in' .France!
-home camps, with millions of c
American soldiers, and sailors, t
ave a. right to expect that Red Cftss a
%se will be continued for them
*M -re sure intil demobilization '
-M nop- This m?eans the Red.Cros
rry' on for many months, and a
emeised through mbership
r , j-- th
,lp financethe servic02'
~&d adlt rh
Izd oi' in-the
When you multiply these:
and dollars by the millions
aduts in the United States, it is e
evident that a substantial total will
be raised if the response to the Roll
Call is general.
Children will not be solicited, as
they are already represented in the
-school auxiliaries, or will nroll through
:..the auxiliaries at twenty-five cents a ,
year. but they will be valuat. aids in
the Rcil Call by remifding *ie. ;i
rents of tI-~ cpportur.ity to .-rst(.
approval of the greatest relief wori
THE ILLITERACY COMMITTEE.
The South Carolina illiterac: Co)m
ion has taken up its hea,quarters
e University of S. C., which ;s
Sappropriate on account of the
~~tional nature of this work and
-that it may be in close touch with
Chairman, Professor Patterson
drlaw. Other members of the
Oomlmission are J. E. Swearingen,Mrs.
iL Coker, Miss Mabel Montgomery, i
George D. Brown, S. H. Edmunds, and
C.E. Burts, with Miss Will L au Gray
e efficient field worker.
- Illiteracy Comm.ission is pre
gto wage a campnien for t-he
i~bshmnent of adult schools in ev-F
SCounty of the State. In order
the work~ may be eficeient!y done
~9C~- is necessary that the Legish:ure
prpit fuds and that the teach- o
-''es of the State be trained in this:s
work. The Legislature will be asked (
tapprcpriate $25.000,00 for the work
of establishing and maintaining these t
adult schools. 'Such facts as the fol- f
lowing prove the wisdom of this ex- 1:
-Massachusetts zare her citizens 7.4 u
years schoolinz. .p
*-United States gave her citizens 5.2:3 d
South CaroCir.s a- - -.
*3.18 years :::hooLr..
Of all t-e states South Car liha S
- anks: h
1.Lowes: :tn exe-ze- 3:
for e'ducatio-. .
2. 25 per cen f7e itrfii
terate-next- to last
In crder thattetch,2 a
trained in~ th wokV se.l2
tut.e was hec nCoi-ubi D--en
13 and 14. T7 po r else
round table eseu.ss:en of adult school
problems, 0-m sjr:". v:erk:. ndo:
and insoir-at1io:al adhss There t
was -present at the instituz.e no only b:
teachiers zTppointed: G oun: Lead- a:
* Kers but :n m i1s sent represe-ta- 5
tives in on r: that those teachers who
base night wor-k in their charge may
'ALK OF REVENUE -BILL
EPUBLICAN SMOOT DELIVER
D CRESS RVCIZDNG BILL
AS O CONSTRUCTED.
siington, Dec. 16-After Senator
moot, of Utab, Republican, had de
vered a prepared address criticizing
e war 4evenue bills the senate to
ay bega;i consideration of disputed
a0ons of thi measure. On the first
6i call taken on, the bill the senate
oted,'6 to 16 to retain the finance
Ittee's amendment providing'for
dfd11of taxes to those who -demon.
tr to the treasury . department
t n previous years have suffer
da -net loss in'iheir business.
Tomirow it is planned to discuss
e "income tax section. General de
ate~ also may be reopened then, as
enator Penrose?f the financial com
fittee :plans an adress during the
ay. Discussion. by members,. how
ver, is. not. expected tp longer delay
nal disposition of .the bill. Senator
immons, chairm-an of, the financial
omiittee, sid: he;i xects passage of
he measure b' Chistmas, and Sen
tor Smoet. in address expresed
ei belief that tib ll soon would be
Mostof the session today was taken
p-ite scus'siO of the "net loss
mendmeit Snato?Ienroot of Wis
onsn, RepubhHeanjde4 the attack on
he goVernmefit's treme us revenUe
sses. if scriois rd jgcral indus
a denres2ii . VIf f.evolop- He
Se .nators S:noot, Jcnes of _-:e
o and McCumIber of Nort, Dakot
-iti Senator E n deene t
ndment, dtai:a t that da. for
uch a provision had come from afni
ltre. as we"', . isiness -. -"
I :-e amendmc.. tey said, a de
.g. d to tJle. the tax and 1 -
r to an English income tax provi
'he senate also adopted without ob
,ion the Snance comnmttee's amend
to tthe hounnse provision authoriz
th: .e commissioner of i;ternal reve
ue, in computing income ta:-es, t
A corregational meeting is called
>r Lebnnon cng:-egation first Sun
-.Jairy 5th, for tlh purpose of
r.din whether cir not the church is
a to call a iastor..
E. M. MIcNauli,
OUND-One stray mare blue mare~
mule with a leather halter on it at
P place,since Monday. Owner can
ct same by payi3.Z aL expenses.
E. M. McNaull.
Miss Helen Kohn, Secretar: of Co
mmbia Red Cress Chapter ha.s calledi
er ng distar.te to kr.ew how many
idier Winnsboro will entertain on.
histas day. Other towns are as
s ting Columbi in givin an iia
onnto either homeless or boys Car
-om home who are . in service yet.
ou will takae oat-. two or more c:
tse boys from Christmas eve after
>n till Christr:as a7ternMon. ple-e
hone Miss Alice Walker d-:ring the
: Fidac GnietGia:ir:. Pricipl..
wansa gh Schocl. has returned
Sfor the Thrias hiolidays.
ee Farmers Eode Ware.house wi::
oe n oS aturday. December 20th.
- p m .. at the of:~ce of~ the Ban.c
-eton. Sheton. S. C.
H. G. Col'in.
SOLDIES COM )W
TH ARTILL BRIG- F
ADE -?RI4NZTRAN PED AT
C J AKhi
Washington, Dec.~ :1.Anituice
ment was made by the war depait- b
ment late today of the sailing from 1%
France of four additional transports,'.
the General Georgia, the Saxoni ,theIp
Cedric and the Mongolia. E. R. Stet
tinus, special representative of Sec
retary Baker in France is returning it
aboard the Cedric. The Saxonia car- t
ries easuals and 693 wounded-and sick. e
The General Gorgas has' only 14*of-b
ficers, seven enlisted: men and oned'
civilian. The Saxdnia - and Cedrie
sailed -from England' Decemb. 14,and1
the General Gorgas and the.Kongolia
;from France Decembei12.%.4
Aboard the Mongoidare
enty-third and Seventy-fourt
artillery and One Hundred and
ty-Eighth Field -Artillery, witb
.headquarters of the Fourteenti
Artillery Brigade. The v'slI
carried 735 sick and wouide.d mer
Aboar the Cedric is the Three Hun
dred ana Thirty second Aero
ron and' tert casual -companies..'and.
large number of sick and wound
unsigned officei-s and other gener
A message from GeneilYershi t
added about 3,006 add 'al ien to
those desigiatedoby h" or eaiy re-,
.turn to the:United States. The units
iare. , _ th, Four ui
Ninety-ninth,Eighi- Hundred and Thir- I
ty-fift and Eight Hundred and Four- -1
tieth Acro Squadrons; the first Gas' a
_,giment i+ full strength; the Anti- c
Aircraft Artillery School detachment r
and a rek-ement battery. u
The war department also announced
i1.ny the .i:ing from France of the :
transports Marchu-ia,the Persia,Mow, 1
Carilo and Ba:i: with returning Ame- r
The organizaCon aboard the Man- 0
churia are the O:n- Hundred and Six- e
teenti and Cne " ::dred and Seven- &
tccnt.- Feild Artillery, headquarters 1
'. Foel artillery, Brigade c
One Hu:!d!-ed -rd Sixth A nitin f
Train. hcadquarter,s training cad-r- a
from the Thirty-first Division and 9,36 t
sick and wounded.
The Persia 'Iaru sailed De:--mber 12
v:ith asTh:lfth DivisiKon, ad-:ance
schoo! detachmnt of '-> oEccrs and
99 enlisted men and civil:ar.s and with b
18 officers and casuals.
T':e Carillo saili:'t on the san-e date e
carried 24 'ineer casuaias.
*The Baltic, sailing from Liverpool V
December 14 for New York, carried ~
see e:ai c'vmpanies of about 160
men each and three ofier-s and :.a
numoer of rnedical casuals ar.d sick
-The artiller, reeiments of the Thir
ty-first Division, makinr up~ the Fif-:
tv-sixth Field Artillery Brigade were
trair.ed at Camp .Jackson before go- 0
ing overseas. The brigade was in
command of Brig. G-en. John L. Gay
den, while at Camp Jackson.
DEATH OF JOE SALEM.
On Wednesday afternocn about four
o'clock Joe Salem died of pneumo:2ia S
following influenza. He had been ~
sick for more tharn a week. ar.d gradu
all-y grew weaker with complications. I
Joe Salem was a br-otner in law~
of John and Williar: Ameern an.da
socia ted with them in business. He
was a r.ative of Syrir nnd ca:re :
this cour': a few yer aco"H' 'a
imressed:i uv:or. ith 'iso: 2:;1. t
He has not hear rmh o :
months on are.t of th0 rbl o
Our deepest sympathy is e::tended to
his bereaved ones.
All trespassing of stock, hunting or
fishinz en lands cor.trolled by me will G
be punished to the extent of the law.
- h r the ap
_41 ;,..Of Ivai for a. -talk
ith emenceau, who also
Mn i fWar. He decided also
accept nner invitation of for
Ign am i sfirst -eptance:
vitation extended by
ze the British ambrs
e head of a foreign
a .stry and his accept
lity of a foreign
t strictly in cord
-gettifg- on to per
c tified him- in disre
e 'Premier Clemen
pai Wilson yesteday
ot asion of an agree
g but it resulted
erstanding as to,
xt fortnight. The!
bed as. extremely
ord - president 'nd the
'rea later rejoj,ing their
ig impressions of each
lans of the rieeting of the interal
ed conference and the peace congress
nd of at least the preliminary dis
ussion of some of the great inter
ational problems about to T>e taken
Concerning the plars, it no.- ap
arent that the president's visit t.
taly should be postponed until the
iddle or the latter part of January
s his time meanwhile will be fully
ccupied in meeting the political lead
rs coming from various points, in
ttending the opening sessions of the
iterallied conference and the peace
ngress, in visits to the American
cont and the French and Belgian dev
stated regions, and probably a visit
: Brussels and King Albert of Be]
Mr.W. Isenhower motored to Winns
oro one day last week on business.
Mr. R. H. Ford and mnaliy spent last
unday at Mrs. G. G. Jackson's.
Mr. Wall and Mr. Fowler and famn
y visited Miss Bessie Fowler. at Corn
Mr. Joe Nichols, Jr., is home on
ecount of having a finger cut off
hbile working for the Southern Pow
Mr. and Mrs. Henry'Jackson sp.ent
est Sunday at Mrs. G. G. Jackson's.;
The Rev. Mr. Kilgore was a visit-'
ein Mitford last Saturday.
Rev'. Mr. Moore took dinr.er a.t Mir.
F. S. Keistler's last Sunday.
Mr. Warren McElduff and .Mr. B.
'Page spent Sunday with :-.lk
Mr. W. S. Keistier and famnily np:
u.day afternoor. at Mr'. Gladen
Miss Julia Nichols sper.: Sunday a!
rnoon. at Mr. Ligon's.
~ent last Sunday in Cheter
We are sorry to learn tihat Mrs. G.
. Higin isvery sick:.
Mr. Jiames Smith is vstn a
yes in Mitford.
Mr. Wade Stround of Baseo:ii!e
died *on Mr. C. L. Liczen Mon'da af
Mr. Will Nichols of Nitrolee s"ent
Mrs. J. S. Glass and dant~;er s.':e
2anday af'.:-noon at Mr. G.Wc a
Ma'ster' John and little Misses T'aK:
~rd. Elizabeth Thomasson spent a
w hours at their aunt's, Mrs. J1. S.
lass'. - .
Mr. Edd J.ckson spent th'e weeke
dc at horr. v:t:: hi me:.er. 3. G
Mr. Jee .IUMksenhageto- .e.
IRT ETH LOOSES (
ANY BRAVE MEN
P-TAL CASUALITIES OVER
NEARLY FOUR THOUSAND, HOW- S
EVER, SUFFERED ONLY SLIGHT
Washington, Dec. 16.-General Per
shing cabled the war department to- b
day that preetically complete reports a
of deaths in action among the expedi
tionary forces should reach the de
partment by December 20, and of se
verely wounded by December 27. .0
Tttal dasualties to November 23 in'
the Thirtieth Division (North Carolina 1
South Carolina 'an&Tennessee Nation
al Guard)- were gien at',23. The t
casualties were classified as 0 0
Killed in action, 1,168; died of Woa
238; died of disease, 15; died of othee
causes,. 5; severely wounded, 805;
slightly wounded, '3,973; missing; or h
General Pershing reported that the
number of duplicated casualties dis
covered in the central records office
since November 27. would not operate: r
to reduce the total for the entire ex- s
pedhtioiary forces, given in his sum-,
mary of that.adate, an additional cas
ualties reported rbore tnan offset the.
The report todayfroi the American I
commander was in reply ts~ecific
questicns cabled by the -watidepart
ment. In asking regardhig t'e cas
ualties. in-- the Thirtieth Division, the
department-sat there had been' much
SNo t bt te losses of
tis-uiitrwhich; - -hl
trmy break the famous Hindenburg
The many friends of Sergt. Robrt
R. Shedd, Comp,,any C., 17th Engi
neer Regiment,will be glad to hear that
he has reached the hcme land. He
sailed from 'France Nov. 7th, landed
at Newport News, Nov. 27. After a
Iew day-% he went to Fort McPhearson,
Atl_nta. Sergt. Shedd received three
wo.unds Oct. t-I, while he is not ser
iously wounded. yet he is in a rolling
chair and must remain for some time
in the ho.ptal, He has recently been
visited by his b:the:, J. E. Shedd, Mr.
and Mrs. M.::bin and Professor Har
per and wife. He is hopeful and hap
Robert Shedd landed in Frznce Oc:.
31. 1917. His .iest work was building
baracks, but in a few n'cnths was in
active service. In one of his letters
he savs: "F-irst front was Lorraine and
Baccarat Sectors, 110 days without re-.
lief. Then we were called to Chamn
pagne front here vwe joined the French
army and together we were successfule .
in breaking up the German advance on
July 14-16, they were driving for the
city of Chalons. Then we were called.
to Chateau eight days of the hardest -
fighting ever known to the American.
Army. Next we went to St. Michael
then to Argonne Forest on the Verdun
Sector. There I was wounded by three
machine gun bullets while ading my
pistoon' in a drive on the enemy. Had*
nothing to eat for more than two days
-slept in a wagon the mg~ht af:er I
was wounded. The next clay I was
carried to a hospital and operatedl on
successfully. I have steadily improved
and i'ope to be well and stror.ge
IN FLANDER'S FIELDS d
By Lieutenant-Clonel John MIcCrae, p
(Died while on duty in- Flanders.) o
in Flanders fields th *ape grow d
Between: the cresse. rowv on row. e
That mark our place; and n h sky d1
The larks. still bravely sinaing. fly
Scarce i.-ard amid the :u:ns below.
We are dsad. Short days azo. V
We lived. fel: tin:r.. saw sunset n:
.oved and v:'erelod:ndo-:e i
Ir. Flanders .rields. F
Ta:e up o':r guarrel with the foe: w~
To you with failing hands we throw b
she tore::. Be yours to hold i-. hig.h;
Iye break faith we s w :e die F
TAKE OVER WIRES
rO MONEY IS NEEDED FROM
AVINGS MADE UNDER DIFFER
ENT CONDITIONS SHOULD PAY
COST IN 25 YEARS.
Washington, Dec. 16.-Ownership
y the .iernment of the telegraph
nd teleione systems of the naim
ras characterized as "imeprative" by
'ostmaster General Burleson today in
letter to lepresentative Moon,chair
ian of the house committee on post
ffices and post roads. Mr. Burleson
aid the systems can be acquired
withou the appropriation of a dollar
rom the public treasury" by apply
ig to. a mortization fund for 25 years
be savings made under government
wnership through elimination - of
,lations in plants and operating
01 - qof the government ow
ership res iiiointroduced in the
ouse last week:$igearesentative
loon, the posNnasi.i quoted
rom the recent letter
T. Vail, president of the
'elephone and Telegraph C6
nd from the annual reports of..
umber of th postmasters general
ince the Civil War, all of whom
greed, he said, that government con
rol or ownz -ship would greatly con
ribute to the efficiency of service.
"The economic importance of the
roposition to acquire the properties
y the government is very great,"Mr.
urleson wrote. "Private capital is
nvested in -public service enterprises
rith the expectation of 7 to 8 per
ent. and often a greater return. 4n
ent. and -often ,prater r
rublic is expected to pay while -
,overnment can borrow money at 414
er cent. The public, however, pays
he difference in either event. The dif
erence between 4 1-2 per cent. and.8
>er cent. for the money invested in the
vire systems of the United States
6ould maintain and 'ay for the prop
rty in 18 years and nine months. The
,overnment, as an owner, would no
.ore expect to charge for interest in
he investment than it would ' for
ncney invested in postal facilities,.
avy yards or other public property.
A justiicat:on for the permanent
aking over of the wire systems, Mr.
"To establish and raintain means -
f ccmmunication is much the fune
ion of the government as is the pro
ision for national defense.... .More
ver, it is essential to the deveiope
etofte"-7adto the prog
ssand prosper'ity of its people. It
a defense of the national interests
s much in peace as in war. ... Ex
ension of the wzre service should be
etermined by public needs, not the
pportunity for private gain.
.The postmaster general said he bea.
sved than, an effective plan cou1d he'
rorked out by which the waste of
ompetition rian be eliminated and
de advantage of private initiative
i research, investigation and experi
entation not be lost.
Calling attention to the fact that
nder the existing law the telephone
nid telegraph properties will automa
cally revert to the private owr.ers
pon proclamation by the presidlent of
iany of the independent companies
>uld not take back the properties
-ithout serious loss to the investors
nd great detriment to the service.
[any of these companies, the letter
sys, were operating at a loss, owing
waste incident to competition and
iversity- of State regulation, and as
roper depreciation fur.ds have not
een set aside. the p:opedties vere
rifting into a condition where rrop
public service could n:t be ren
Subscribers tc the i~nitec War
ork Campaizr. wi!! please rnai:e pav
ent as they c:!ne due.
J. M. Lyles. Treas.
OR SALE-2 acre lot and out build
ings near Rion, S. C.. on public high
ay, apply to' Mrs. Ella Waling, El
OR SA LE-Or.e Dodge tourirng car
it a bargair.. Looks good and runs
vell. The E.rst check for $6350 gets