Newspaper Page Text
ege.-Success ino top.
pecan depends not
of budding. The pre
ent and attention pre
budding season is of
ce, and*best results are
ly by strictly observing all
of the work. Although greater
is secured on trees ten inches
under in diameter, larger trees
y be successfully worked; but as
an extensive commercial proposition
i is scarcely advisable.
Preparatory treatment of the seed
Ung trees must be begun during the
dormant season, preferably in Febru
ary. The general rule is to cut back
al limbs to stubs from 8" to 12" in
Iength. Limbs over 3" in diameter
should be cut back two to three feet
froln their bases, or to where the di
amneter is not over 3". In cutting back
trees of 4" and over in diameter al
ways leave some of the smaller
branches and several of the larger
ones to furnish leaf surface until the
tree can force out new shoots.
In some cases, the height of the
tree has also to be considered. Top
ping should be done at a place where
several branches are well plaoed to
-form a basis for a good head. This
height will vary with the diameter
and the number of branches. The top
should be removed with a sloping cut
just above one of the stubs or a small
branch. This promotes healing and
pravents rotting. Apply a coating of
white lead and linseed oil to all cut
surfaces. The trees are now in shape
for forcing out shoots upon which the
buds are to be placed, and will de
mand no further special attention un
About the middle of June thin out
some of the numerous shoots, leaving
two or three well placed vigorous ones
on each stub. This will increase the
development of the remaining shoots,
so that they will have attaWned suffi
cient'size for budding by August.
Eudding.-In this article ring bud
ding only will be considered, as it is
the most successful method. Before
ring budding season, late JuIy thru
Avuust, a specially constructed knife
must be obtained and waxed cloth preo
pared. The budding knife is made
b7 securing two ordinary budding
knires to the sidea of a emal block
of .soft wood so that the cutting
bides will be paraRel and one incb
-For- budding cloth use ordinary
beacnhnt Tear into strips 1 wide
md roll tightly on snaR ound steka
Te and submerge in a hot melited so
mix- thorougMyj before placiag the
-Dud wood should be selected from
well developed shoots of the present
season's growth, from healty pr>
ductive trees of known variety. By
wrapping bud wood in moist burlap
and placing in a cool shady place it
ca be kept for a week or ten~ days,
- but it is best to have it delivered in
'smaller quantities every other day.
Varieties 'suggested are Stuart,
Schley, IMoneymaker, and 'Curtis.
. Performing the Operation.-The op,
eration of budding is simple, yet re
* quires practice and carefulness. The
buds are usually set about 6 to 12
inches from the base of the limb and
on top of it. Always select a emooth
-round place. With the knife ring the
limb being careful to zake the cnute~
.straight so that they wiIH coincide
when they meet. Select a good bud!
-~ from the budstick and do likewise.
Now remove the bark from the limb
by sIittingt it down the back and
prizing it up with the point of the
knife. Remove the bud right lfkewise
and insert it in the cut nfade on the
limb. Tear a strip of waxed cloth
about % inch wide and 18 inches
along, and starting below 'the bud, wrap
it firmly in place. Leave only the tip,
of 'the bud out. If the bud ringofi
bark is of greater circumeference than
tbhe limzb, a small piece may be taken
out soas to make it fit cloeely to the
limb. On the other hand, if the bud,
ring will not meet around the limb, a
~small strip of bark may be left onthe
-limb. It does not matter if a smalH
-pen- place is left between the edges
of 'the ring. In fact, some budders1
mnake this a practice, fo)i this gives
room for the swelling of the bud ring.
-X-owever, it is essential that the ends!
of the bud ring come in close contactl
'w4th the bark of the tree. After 21~
days the wraps are removed from thai
buds, and at this time, under favor-!
able conditions, you ean tell wasther1
the bud has set or not.
After Treatment-When growth~
starts the following spring, a'll tops
should be removed from branches on
which the buds -are living. These
tops are cut off about 10 inches abovej
the bud, and the 'bark skinned off
from 1" above 'the bud and upwards.
The shoot from the bud is tied to this
10" piece of limb to prevent its being
broken off' by the wind. All sprouts
coming out on the branch must be
removed and only the inserted bud
should ae allowed to grow. Some time
during the following winter, t'he ten
:nch stubs to which the bud shoots
have been tied must be cut back close
to the shoots.
'That some form of protein (skim
milk, buttermilk, tankage, or meat
scrap) is needed to keep up winter
Must Not Liberate
ThemOnly to Perish
The Millions Who Have Been Made
Free Must Now Be Fed-Food Ad
ministrmtion Soon to Announce Pro.
gram for World Relief-People of
South Carolina Will Do Their Part
Columbia.-The Food Administra
tion has been, since the United States
entered the world struggle for the pre.
servation of human liberty a war ne
-essity. Now that the war has been
so gloriously ended the Food Admin
istration voices a humanitarian ap
Food has played its big part in the
winning of the war. Food will play a
bigger part, perhaps, in the winning
f the world.
In the immedite .uture, food must
save the world-and the food must
mome from America. ,
Herbert Hoover is in Europe. He has
gone overseas to ascertain what are
the actual food needs of the hundreds
f millions of people in the liberated
territories. When he has made his
investigations an estimate of the
umount of foodstuffs that will be re.
:uired to feed these people Who have
returned to the ways of peace to find
themselves practically helpless for the
present and until a crop can be grown.
wfll be cabled back .to America. The
Food Administration will then be able
,o announce a food program to meet
It is already known that the need
ill be enormous, and that the food
program will require, on the part of
the American people, tha ciost in
lensive conservation. The evacuation
)f territory by thd enemy ha increas
3d rather than diminished the de
nands upon America. for food. The
umount of food that had already been
pledged to the allied countries will
aot be sufficient to meet the irgent
2eed. Millions of people are hungry.
[n many lands famine threatens.
The Ameican people, who have suf
tered little in this war, compared with
the sufferings of the people of many
aDuropean countries, would not be will
Ing to see these people, wlf have been
ighting in a common cause, liberated
)nly to perish for lack of the barest
ecessities of life. That is not the
victory that they have suffered for
lour years to attain. Out of tha4r
plenty the American people will ar
thefr-food with their cousta' across
The Food Administration believes
that, because of the awakened public
eonsience the, 'o program toe an*
nounced' In the 'near future not
nly he voluntarily complied with by
the American people--includmng, of
course, the people o~f South Carolina
but that they will cheerfully comply
with It, and count It a privilege to
et at a common table with those
less fortunate who have been assoeiat'
ed with them in the greatest of all
Already ships laden with food to
relieve hunger and distress have
reached port across the seas. Others
sre following. These have been dis
patched to avert famine and disaster.
Pood ships must continue to cross the
seas from America until fields which
ave been under fire or plowed with
the shells of ?ighty guns or which
ave been battle grounds these past
!our years can be tilled again and
made to produce food where death, but
through death, victory, has been the
The people of South Carolina will
be ready to do their share when the
l'ood Administration makes known
what is needed.
SUGAR LIMITATIONS OFF;
NO FURTHER RATIONING
polumbia.-The limitation oi. four
pods of sugar per month per per.
,on has been removed by the Food
Administration and the rule requiring
restaurants, hotels and public eating
laces to limit their sugar consumption
o four pounds for each 90 meals
erved, has been rescinded by the
liod Administration. The sugar
shortage is over. The Food Admiis
traton, however, expects that with
the removal of the restrictions the
public will not exceed the normal re
arements, but will 'continue to use
mgar with discretion. Manufadtarers
asing sugar may likewise secure their
ormal sugar requirements, without
|h. further use of sugar certificates,
rHE FOOD ADMINISTRATION
STILL FORBIDS PROFITEERING.
Coumbia.-In order that no a$s.
drstanding may arise among licen
sees with regard to the effect of the
armistice upon the regulations of the
Pood Administration. it he stated by
:he Food Administration and made
perfectly clear that the regulations
,.re no,t annulled by the armistice.
Modifications have been made but
af profit and regulations preventing
carding have not been -removed, and
there is no present intention on the
part of the Food Administration of
Iropping these restrictions, which will
be rigidly enforced.
The world needs at the present
ime are for a larger amount of food
then befo're the signing of the armis
tice brought the figh.ting to an end.
This comprehends food of all kinds,
with tL.a possible exception of wheat,
a which there is reported to be
All persons who are indebted to the
estate of Frank K. Mann, deceased,
are requested to make payment to
the undersinged. All persons having
claims against said estate will present
them to the undersigned.
Mrs. Eula L. Mann.
Ad -ni risf-.r..dX
Notice is hereby given that all per
sons are forbidden to trespass in
any manner, especially hunting and
fishing, on the lands of the undersign
S. D. Dunn.
FOR SALE-Barred Rocks, three (3)
thoroughbred Barred Rock Cocker
els, extra fine, first check for $3.00
each, gets same. Mary Turner, Route
3, Winnsboro, S. C.
Littleton College, Littleton, N. C
which carried an advertisement in this
paper' during the summed had the lar
gest fall opening in several years.
The instiution is spending several
thousand dollars on improvements in
cluding the completion and heating of
the new Science Building.
Pupils may enter now or at any time
and pay from date of entrance.
2t 25 pdI
DR. C. T. BROOKS, has returned to.
..Columbia, and will resume his Den
tal Practice, at once. Offices over
Miot's Drug Store, 1434 Main St.
10t 25 chg
All trespassing of stock and hunt
ing on lands owned by r.e will be!
proZecuted by law.
FOUND. ..LEATRER POCKET
BOOK CONTIANING A SUM OF
MONEY AND A CARD WITH THE
NAME OF JOE MCDUFFIE ON IT.
ABOVE MENTIONED POCKET
BOOK FOUND IN WINNSBORO.
OWNER CAN GET STME BY DE
SCRIBING BOOK AND MONEY.
OWNER TO PAY FOR THIS AD.
MONTICELLO. S. C.
All trespassing of stock, hunting or
fishing on lands controlled by.me will
be punished to he exetfheaw
Notice is hereby given that all per-1
sons are forbidden to trespass in
any manner, especially hunting and
fishing, on the lands of the undersign- i
R. C. Gooding,
FOR SALE-one farm mule; 800 bu
shels cotton seed, the kind that is
making a bale to the acre. Stands
variations of the seasons, better than!
any known variety and as early as
Also select seed of Abruzzi Rye and
Bearded Wheat; also one 4 cylinder
Buick automobile.-T. E. Delleney.
PECANS-Get your pecans for
Christmas while they are cheap, 35c,
45c per pound. Smaller size mixed..
at 25c per pound. Mrs. L. C. Tobin,
Barnwell, S. C.
All persons are warned against
hunting, fishing, or in any way tres
passing on any lands under control of
C. W. McCants, Agt.
Mrs.,R. B. Miller.
FOR SALE-I have for sale 2 frontl
lots on the McDowell tract. These
lots front on the Camden road. Call
see me for- prices and term-. J.
Half Your LIig
We are : r. a Canffger point. On
the u!e (--7of Con:::en n . ~'
1919 __r'a :'. i on- ations, dc
Even a x&K .~>.3)Cne
can p!an'- 1:1 or -near:y a'! cottc:" 1L uy
food and g- in at presen >:s fro:a
supply ::reant on cred~i:, a'.d r.1:;e
morey. :.ol and grain.a:e higher in
proport:. than are ::rasent cotton
It's a t1rae above all ot:crs to play
safe; t0 produce all possible food,
grain and forage supplies on your own
acres; to cut down the store bill.
A good piece of garden ground,
rightly plarted, rightly tended a.d
kept planted the year round, can be
made to furnish nearly half your liv
ing. It will save you more money
than you made on the best two or
three acres of cotton you ever grew!
Hastings' 1919 Seed Book tells all
about the right ki,d of a =oney sav
ing garden and the vegetables to put
in it. It tells about the farm crops as
well and shows you the clear road to
real and regular farm prosperity. It's
Free. Sand for it today to H. G,.
8!N GSpo., Atlanta, Ga.-Advt.,
Is writing insurance on Cotton
in the Country in companies
that have millions behind them
Call and see him.
Prompt attention always.
Best old-line companies rep
W. H. FLENNIKEN
F T Y Y YX ZLx Z 7T 1 r r
bGood, old=time Buck=