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MAN OF THIRTY-FIVE YEARS
DECLINES TO PAY THREE
DOLLAR BACHELOR TAX.
IS CLES L ElSLAMIN LM
* Refuted Either to Get Married, or
Pay a Tax for the Purpose of
Eseeping a Term in Jah.
Great Falls, Mont.-Declaring that
"spinsters are responsible for my not
being married in tkeir refusal of my
V ininn the 'past," Wi!ial AtLE ser,
J4a member of the board of directors
of the Montana sta:e fair, noci:ied
the assessor of Chouteau county that
he will refuse to pay poll tax of three
dollars levied by the last legislature
"Tax the spinsters of the same age
and I will gladly pay, but otherwise
it is class legislation and I stand upon
my rights," he declared. Furthermore
I refuse to get married to escape jail
and I refuse to pay a bachelor tax to
: Benson Orders Wages Reduced.
Washngton.-Just one concrete r
sult came out of a series of confer
eaces here looking to a settlement of
aa. ship owners, he sipping board
andte marine workers. There was
the wage dispute betwem he Ameri
an order by Chairman Benson to all
operators of government merchant
craft to reduce wages 15 per cent.
Taft Begins Lectures.
New York.-William Howard Taft
opened his series at political lectures
here with an excoriation ef corpora
tion inftuence in political eampaigns'
whieh is steadily dwindling down.
To Lay Case Before Harding.
Washington.-Failing to reach an
agreement with the shipping board
and American steamship owners on
a basis for re-adjusting wages and
* ons in conference here, repre
sezaatives of the unions announced
the would lay their case before
Receivership for Germany.
Belin,- An international recelver
for -to control repars
4b.et to the aDies
ei the opposition of what is known
as the Stianbs group.
Regular Quarterly Dividend.
New York.-Directors of the Beth
Ishem Steel Corporation declared the
regular quarterly dividend on both
classes of preferred and common
New Trial 'Denied to Towniey.
St. Paul, Minn.-The state supreme
court denied a new trial to A. C.
'Townley, president of the National
Non-Partisan League, and Joseph Gil-.
bert, former organization manager of
the league, convicted on a charge
of conspiracy to teach sedition.
-Ten Workers Killed.
Pamplona, Spain. - Ten workers
were killed and a dozen others badly
burned through an accidental explo
sion In the cartridge factory of Juan
Mdartulez Goni, in outskirts of town.
~town. _ _ _
Cause Widespread Discontent.
Washington.-Modificationl of Fed
eral grades on spring wheat was asked
of Secretary Wallace by representa
tives of Minnesota, North and South
Dakota on the ground that they are
too technical to be applied by the
country buyers and are causing "wide
Sspread discontent" among the farm
Sailing Dates Are Advanced. *
Baltimore.-Sailinlg dates advanced
on outgoing steamships, urgent haste
In loading cargoes and unusual ef
forts are being made to sign up crews
In advance of the threatened strike of
I. W. W. Leaders Jump Bond.
Chicago.-The real leaders in the
group of I. W. W. convicted for anti
government war-time conspiracies
have jumped their bonds.
Lieutenant Ward Dies.
Hampton, Va.-Lleut. Thogas H.
Ward, poet adjutant of Langley Field,
who was severely injured when a De
Haviand machine, in which ho was
riding, crashed to earth, died at the
post hospital without having regained
She's a Real 3. A. Rt.
Zastford., Conn. -Mrs. Sarah Boa
worth Bradway, a real 'daughter of
the American Revolution, will ob
serve her one hundred and third birth
day anniversary at her home here.
Unidentified Liberty Bonds.
Memphis, Tenn.-Attornleys for the
state still had before them the task
of identifying liberty bonds marketed
in Memphis as among those stolen
in the holdup of a messenger of the
Brooklyn brokerage firm of Kean,
Taylor & Co. last November.
USE PM tB ED BO S
Inferior Sires a Great Handicap.
Clemson College, May .-With thf
Increased interest in swine in thi
state, there wil be a large demani
for breeding animals. On account oi
this demand, a number of persons wil:
be tempted to use inferior boars ani
sews. While It cannot be hoped t<
have all of the sows purebred at thii
time, yet there Is no excuse for the
use of grade or scrub boars. There
are sufficient purebred boars. if prop
early distributed and properly man
aged, to make evesy market hog in
the state at least Ilet percent pan
Why the Purebred Sire?
here ape six goods reasons for ts
Me a purebred bear.
L Lg and strenger pigs ar,
1. The pigs grow faster aod mak4
S. The pigs reach market weighi
4. The pigs are more uniform.
5. The pigs meet the market de
mand, thereby bringing a highei
6. Pork production is made more
On account of the increased valu(
of the litters produced, any farmel
with eight or ten sows could well af
ford to keep a purebred boar. Al
least, several farmers in a neighbor
hood can oo-operate In the purchase
sad use of a purebred boar. Througi
judicious managemest, a purebred
bear for emry twenty-five or thirti
sows- is sauffcient.
At this time when every advantagq
must be taken to realise a proat fre
arminag operUens, let no one handi
esp himself by using Inferior stoek.
JA yar antmals march with thi
"BETTER SIRUS-SETTER STOC K
Prepare to Care for Animals eA
Clemson College, May.-Are yet
redy? It Is said that opportuanty
knoeks at the door of every man some
time during his life., and the questic
which you must ask yourself Is, "A=
I ready?" Are you ready to ge Ilte
the livestock game? Is your land wet
fenced? Have you the right sort ei
pastares? Do you raise yor own
feed or must you buy It? It pays to
grind your ax before you start. 11
you plan to go into the livestock buil
ess be sure you are ready and then
go in to stay.
Animals make loads of manure. Are
you pepared to save It? The horse
-11 pibducs 9 M the ow13
-&A~hia &La- tons, M oq~
andt -"epSoofa ton per yeas
Wi you save this manure?
Tha best Internatiodstl harvesten
in the world for corn and velvet beans
are cattle and hogs. The beet inter
national manure spreaders .are hogs
and cattle. The grandest fertiliser ii
al the world Is manure.
On the average a ton of baruyar4
manure will contain 10 pounds of nit
rogen, 5 pounds of acid, and 10 pounds
of potash. It also contains a large
amount of organic matter which oul
South Carolina soils need and mnusi
Experimental Results With Manure
Did you ever stop to think tha
more than half the fertilizing value
of manure 'is in ; le liquid manure
The Ohio Experiment Station fount
out that enough manure was lost b:
seepage in twelve months' time, ever
where liberal amounts of beddini
were used, to pay for concreting th'
Ohio and Cornell Stations havy
proved that manure exposed in thi
barnyard will lose approximately 5'
percent of its value. If it Is allowel
to heat, the loss runs from 10 to 11
t is a comnfon praCtice to han
manure to the field and place it ir
piles. This is not a good plan. I
should be immediately spread ove1
the soil, and the thinner it Is spread
the better. A ton of manure thin13
spread will be worth more than one
thickly spread. Thirty-five years
work at the Pennsylvania Expeimen
Station goes to prove that manure Pu
on at the rate of 12 tons per acre re
turned $3.29 per ton, while manur
put en at the rate of 20 tons per acr
yielded only $2.29 per ton.
Pastures for Pigs.
Cemson College. May-We canno
make the hog business go in this stat
unless we make good use of our graz
g season. A pi- in a pen Is Ias>
and expensive, while the pig on pas
tue is happy, thrifty. and profitable
Every experiment sta'4on, every e2
tension department, and every pros
perous hog raiser in this country be
leves in good pastures (or hogs.
What can we. grow in South Caro
lia that hogs will pasture? Rape,
rye, soybeans, cowpeas, Bermuda, les
pedesa, velvet beans and many othel
pastures do well in this state. Sup
pose we try some of these pasturel
and cut our grain ration in two.
Will hogs de well on pasture alone
No it is best to feed a little graih
while the hogs are en the pasture
Two or three ears of corn to eaci
shote per day will work wonders. The
pasture will maintain the animal ant
the grain will make gains in weight.
An acre of good pasture will re
turn 'ren 300 to 600 pounds of pork
Forty dollars per acre is not ba4
when the nigs do the work.
MRKETINO FARM PRODCUII
Co-operative Selling Will Give Grower
Large Share of Consumer's
Clemson College, May 2.-In mar
I keting farm products, co-operatively
or otherwise, certain things muist be
done. Most of these necessary steps
are included in the following. C
(1) The commodity must be assem- I
bled or concentrated.
(2) It must be graded and standar- t
(3) Part of the crop must be ware
housed or processed.
(4) The marketing operation must
(5) Cheap transportation mut be
(6) Expert saleemansp mst be
breught ino play.
(7) 1%e commodity must be retailed
or distributed to consumers.
The above mentioned steps coming
between the growing and the cosum
ing of a crop are at present largely
conducted by the so-called middlemen.
By looking over the list it is seen that
the "middlemen" includes the rail
roads, bankers, jobbers, retailers,
warehousemen, and in the case of
some commodities the manufacturers, 3
in addition to speculators.
Co-operative marketing by the grow
ers, if it accomplishes its object, will
effect saving in those steps between
the growing and consuming of a com
modity where loss or ugnecessary
waste now occurs. In other words, a
c-coerative marketing association of
growers will do those things nece w
sary which are not now being done (
efficiently and will leave alone those
things which art being done properly. 9
The following principles of coopers
tive marketing have been put into (
practice by the California associations I
and elsewhere and clearly apply to a
the cooperative marketing of any y
(1) Organisation by commodity or f
(2) Membersehip limited to growes
and to landlords who receive a part t
of the crop as rental.
(8) Binding erop contracts between e
growers and association.
(4) Grading of the crop or commod
ty and pooling according to grade.
(6) The business of the association
to be handled by 2perts.
(6) Organisation without capital
stock and therefore a non-divided
paying assoc*tiaS. All profits are
paid to growers, thus making the as
.sciation purely co-operative.
Organizaton- by Commodity. 0
It seems well established that or- b
anisation of a ftrmers' association Q
by oommodity rather than by localt?
Is essential for succesS, An orgsasa
.4 l.d% the prpoSO of
ng pemmuts b
ly unable to cope. with
involved in marketing cotton or tobac
co. It would not be advisabl to ti
to combine the marketing of cotton
and peanuts but It would b4 entirely
feasible to market several kinds of
truck crops through the same organ
Iisation because of the similarity of
the problems Involved.
Since there~ is no stock and hence no
dividends in a purely co-operative as
sociation there is no inducement for
anyone to join except those having
-the commodity to sell. In order that
the association might represent pri
marily the Interests of growers, mem
bership is limited to actual growers'
Iand landlords who receive part o~f the
crop as rental.
The Crop Contract.
The crop contract is essential for
the reason that it gives the association
title to the commodity for purposes of
marketing. Without such contract the
association could not market the com-!
modity because it would have no con
Itrol over it. The ~crop contracts createt
a basis upon which the association
can more readily borrow money for
making advances to growers as first
Grading and Pooling.
When a member of an association
Idelivers his crop it is immediately
graded and he is given a receipt for
the amount of each grade delivered.
His product is then mixed in with
that of other members and lots of each
grade are made up. These lots are
called pools. His interest in each
pool is represented by the proportion
which the product delivered by him to
the pool bears to the total amount in
that pool. In this way every man re
ceives the same price for the same
Trained and Expert Management.
Farmers are too busy with produe
ion ever to become expert and efdi
cient at handling these seven steps Is
marketing. A co-operative marketing
association of growers, If large enctegh.
may employ the best talent in exia
tence to work for the growers In elim
inating waste and loss in any one or
in all of these steps.
Pure Co-eperation Vs. The Stock
Organiatlon without capital on a
nom-dividend paying basis is an es
aential principle wblch has the follow
ag advatages: (a) It makes it una
neesay to raise large amounts of
capital stock; (b) It is sanctioned by
the Sherman Anti-Trust Act; (c) It
turns all profits back to the growers,.
only operating expenses being de- -
Where co-operative marketing asso
ciations operate largely rural life is
more stable and farming offers a more
certain living to those who engage in
it by re:ason of the fact that many of
the elements~ of chance are removed
rom the industry.
state of South Carolina,
County of Fairfield.
n the Court of Common Pleas.
Px Parte: Lucinda Giles, Petitioner.
Notice is hgreby given that the
bove named Petitioner has filed a
>ctition in the office of the Clerk of
he Court of Common Pleas for Fair
irl County, praying that the Judge
f Probate for Fairfield County may
e appointed Guardian of the estate
f Anna Belle Boyd, an infant under
he age of six years, upon the ground
hat no fit, competent and responsi
le person can be found who is wil
ing to attend to such Guardianship.
he estate of said Infant consists of
h3 sum of about Eight Hundrel and
,ifty Dollars in Cash.
G. W. Ragsdale,
Attorney for Petitioner. 5-6
THE GREAT REDEEMER"
COMING MAY 6th.
A Metro feature on a par with
The Faith Healer" and "Miracle
Ian."' You will regret it if you fail
o see this. To be presented May 6.
An eamination for teachers in the
fblie - Schools will be held at the
urt House Saturday, May 7th, be
inning at 9 o'locek a. m.
All papers will be forwarded to
olumbia and graded .by the State
oard of Examiners for Teachers,
nd State certificates issued by that
loard to all who pass. All teach
rs whose certificates expire during
e year should take this examination.
'hose who are teaching under spe
jal permits should by all means take
is examination and secure certifi
J. L. Brice,
Co. Supt. of Education.
'RESH SWEET MILK delivered ev
ery morning; quart. and pints.
Lpply7 to W. D. Cathcart.
'OR SALE-Fresh creamery butter;
rders left at datheart & Wylie's will
e promptly filled. 50e per pound.
. C. Catheart. tf
OR SALE-Choice varieties of to
4ULES AND HORSES-I have two
mules and two horses that will
ork anywhere you hitch them. If
rou have to buy one see these before
ro trade. W. R. Doty, Jr.
TRAYED OR STOLEN from my
place at Adger, red and white
~rade Ayrshire heifer about 3 years
ld. Had on small bell when last
een. Notify J. H. Cathcart.
"I was hardly able to drag, I
was so weakened," writes Mrs.
W. F. Ray, of Easley, S. C.
two months, still I didn't get
any better. Ibhad alarge fam
ily and felt I surely must 'do
something to enable me to take
care of my little ones. Ilhad
The Woman's Tonic
"I decided to try It," eon.
..esMr.R. . . "I took
eight botides in al . .. Ire
gined my strengh and have
had no more trouble wflu wo
-al weakness. I have ten
Childreu and am able to do 3!
my hosework and a lot ou.
do.. . I ca sur secm
Take Cardui today. II am
be jst what yo nei.
A nice new Bungalow with sew
rage and electric lights. .
Also a desirable storeroom for
+nt . 0. Boa
SUMMONS FOR RELIEF.
The State of South Carolina
County of Fairfield.
C3urt 6f Common Pleas.
J. E. McDonald, Plaintiff,
J. A. Knight, Defendant.
SUMMONS FOR RELIEF,
(Complaint not Served.)
To the Defendant above named:
You are hereby summoned and re
quired to answer the complaint in this
action, which is filed in the office of
th-, Clerk of Court of Common Pleas
for the County of Fairfield in said
State, and to serve a copy of your
answer to the said complaint on the
subscribers at their offices, at Winns.
bor.>, S. C., within twenty days after
FIiRE Steals the w
the rate of a
Only by sound insuranc
ed from losses a fire ma,
premium won't break I
We Pay Mone
We now have a truck set
forlyour laundry and dry-(
return it to you on Thursdi
W. P. STRc
We have Butter to sell
Also Sweet Milk and B
A. B. CA'
O \S- a
DIXIE HOUSE COMPAN
the service hereof, exclusive of the
day of such service; and if you fail
to anwer the complaint within the
time aforesaid, the plaintiff in- this
action will apply to the Court for the
relief demanded in the Complaint.
D: ted at Winnsboro, S. C., April
6th, A. D., 1921.
J. E. McDonald, Jr.,
To the absent defendant, J. A.
Kn'ght: You will please take notice
that the summons, of which the fore
gcing is a copy, together with the
complaint herein, were filed in the
office of the Clerk of Court for the
County and State aforesaid on the
th day of April, 1921.
J. E. McDonald, Jr.,
ealth of thematton at
million dollars'a day.
:e can you be protect
K cause you. A small
rou, but afire might'
y For Ashes.
ance and Realty Co.
-vice in your town. Call
leaning on Monday and
iy. Will appreciate your
nt. Come t
at 40 Cents per Pound.
utter Milk at My Resi
pped from factory in easy-to
dle sections. Quickly and easily
ted by our simple instructions.
olutely rigid and weather tight.
ible walls in most designs. En
luring. Delightful to live in.
Designs changed to suit your
deas, without charge, if general --
dize retained. Sketches supplied
tate kind of house you want to
build and we will send spe
cial suggestions and free
illustrated booklet which
gives designs, floor plans,
descriptions and money-sav
160 COSGROVE AVENUE,
NORTH CHARLEsTON, S.C.