li.IiE NEWS D .HERALD_
ESTABLISHED 1844 WINNSBORO, S. C., JUN h, 1921.
Mr. S. F. Castles has gone to Hot
Springs. We wish him a speedy re
Mr. Leslie Lyles and family were
recent visitors in Mcnticello.
Miss Janie Castles was a recent
visitor in this community.
Mr. and Mrs. Hoyt Castles have
spent most of the week at the bed
side of Mr. W. P. Blair. We regret
that Mr. Blair is ill again.
Mrs. C. L. Smith and Miss lone
Snith spent Saturday in town.
Quite a number from this commun
ity attended the Mt. Zion commence
Mr. Boyce Nichols motored to
Chester on last Saturday.
Mr. and Mrs. Walter Scott and lit
tle son, Walter, Jr., of Great Falls,
spent Sunday with Mrs. Scott's
mother, Mrs. Katie Jackson.
Mr. Edward Ligon, of Columbia,
spent the week-end at home.
Mr. Will Agnew and family spent
Sunday at the home of Mr. W. T.
Mr. and Mrs. J. W. Nichols and
little son, Johnnie, spent Thursday
with Mr. J. A. Nichols.
Miss Julia Nichols motored to
Chester one day last week.
Mr. Clyde Jackson, of Nitorlee,
spent One day last week at home.
Mr. Quay Hollis and family spent
Sunday with Mrs. Eunice Brown.
The educational campaign for the
Christian colleges is meeting with a
greaterdR of success than some
#taaratb-sg wusid WbergvMe
tee has'bn a diligent canvass for
the church colleges there has been a
somewhat generous response.
We are glad to announce another
college graduate in our community.
Miss Lillian Leitner comes back from
Columbia College with her, degree of
Bachelor of Arts. We covet for all
the youth such asniration. It will be
well when all high school students
will not be satisfied with anything
short of a college degree This county
ranks very high with other counties
in the number of those who have
been to college.
A goodly number of the Bethel
people attended church at Cedar
Creek Sunday. They report one a
the best Sunday school days ever he1 I
in the community. There were fo ir
Sunday school superintendents and
snmany other leaders in Sunday school
work in attendance.
Mrs. Eula Mann had some of her
friends from the neighborhood and a
few from Columbia to tea with her
on Saturday evening.
Miss Rebecca Robinson, Misses
Helen and Marguerite Robinson Miss
Sarah Brooks, Miss Lillian Leitner
nd Miss Nancy Sharp are at home
fnteir summer vacation.
Miss Nannie Lou Beckham and Mr.
Cl aries Henry Leitner have been
chsen by the League to attend the
summer conference for Epworth
leaguers at Lander College, Green
wood. They will1 go up on next Mon
Mrs. H. G. Hardin, of Charlotte,
N. C., is with her sister, Mrs. Sharp,
for a few days. She and Master
Henry Grady, Jr., and little Miss
Nan Walker came last Saturday.
Miss Clowney is spending a few
.days with the Robinson girls.
An important change has been
iade in our mail route. Mr. Bray
-now goes up to Mann's store. We
are grateful and delighted with the
The lumber business is looming up
lage here nlow. Large trucks pass
tr ugh our village both day and
i t hauling to Bookmanl.
Fan.ers are busy cutting grain a
wohing up their crops. Tractors
an I binders are humming.
bout the strangest coincidence we
'e seen lately was Sunday when
yers T. C. Camak, G. R. and B. 2.
etLham were seen riding on tbhe
s <h seat. Strange things will hap
pen sometimes and accidents will
1-i pen in the best regulated famihie3.
Ulit this was funny to say the least
We were glad to have Mr. "Bob"
Beckhamto worship with us Sunday.
Our neighborhood has taken on new
life with the return from college of
so many of the boys and girls. It
is quite a pleasure to have them at
Misses Elizabeth Glenn, Alyse and
Bessie Yarborough arrived last week
from Limestone College, and Messrs
Clyde Douglass and Vivian Glenn
have returned from Wofford College.
Mrs. C. B. Douglass, Jr., is at
tending commencement at Wofford
College, where her son, Merritt, is a
member of the graduating class.
Messrs John and Robert Curry, of
Greenville, spent the past week-end
at the home of Mr. B. H. Yarbor
Mr. Henry Parr, of Newberry, was
the guest of Mr. B. H. Yarborough
on Saturday and Sunday.
Miss Mary Wheatley is visiting her
sister, Mrs. D. G. Yarborough.
Mrs. B. H. Yarborough is visiting
her sister, Mrs. J. B. Hughey, in
Messrs J. S. Swygert and D. G.
Yarborough spent last Wednesday in
Mrs. Tom Smoak, of Branchville,
was a recent visitor in the neigh
Mr. and Mrs. John Swittenberg,
of Newberry, attended the funeral of
Mrs. Swittenberg's uncle, Mr. Cur
ry,* on Saturday.
Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Castles spent
Monday in Winasboro with Mrad
Mrs,' W.'P. Blair.
Mr. T. W Ruff,- of Great Fi Ic
spent Sunday with Mr. W. M. Est s
Master William Estes is spending
a while vith Mr. and Mrs. T. W.
Ruff in Great Falls.
Miss Annie Bess Ruff, of Monti
cello, is visiting Miss Helen Lyles.
Little Miss Helen Owens, of Co
lumbia is visiting Little Miss'Nannie
Miss Helen Lyles is at home, af
ter spending two weeks in Monti
Miss Isabelle Hunter. of Columbia,
is visiting Miss Catherine Estes.
Mr. and Mrs. James Castles spent
Friday in Columbia.
Mrs. Scott, of Columbia, returned
home on Friday, after spending a
few days with her brother, Mr. W.
Misses Erine, Rebecca, Helen
Lyles, Annie Bess Ruff, Nannie Bell
Castles. Helen Owens and Mrs. J. D.
Lyles, Jr., spent Tuesday morning in
Mr. and Mrs. D. V. Walker and
Mr and Mrs. D. V. Walker, Jr., were
visif>rs in our community Sunday
Mr. W. M. Estes, Catherine and
William spent Friday in Columbia.
Dr. David Kennedy. who recently
graduated from the Medical College
of Philadelphia, is a visitor in White
Dr. G. B. White and his son, Mr.
M. H. White, of Chester, spent the
week-end with Mr. T. G. Patrick.
Mr. Joe Matthews, of Charlotte,
spent the week-end with his children
Mrs. W. W. Parkinson is attending
the Home Demonstration Course in
Winthrop this week.
Mr. John C. Wilson, Jr., is getting
along nicely after his accident and
has returned to Winnsboro.
The- Asociate Reformed Presbyte
rian Church has preaching services
here every Sunday now. On the first
and third Sundays of each month.
Sunday School at 3:30 p. m. and
preaching at 4:30 p. m. On the sec
ond, fourth Sundays, Sunday school
at 10:30 a. m. and preaching at 11:15
a m. The public is cordially invited
to all services.
(Continued on page three.)
NEWS FROM THE
On last Friday and Saturday we
practically completed the top-soiling
of the streets This work was done
by the employees of the mill and at
a very much lower cost than it could
have been done by contract. The
men who worked did so with a
feeling of interest and pride. For
in :n especial sense we were getting
paid for doing something that was to
be a permanent benefit to ourselves.
Not only so, but we took an especial
pride in having a hand in making our
own village beautiful. These men
are due a spoken vote of thanks, not
so much for the work they did, for
they received pay for that, but for
the splendid spirit manifested'
throughout the work. Spirit such
as they demonstrated never can re
ceive its just recompense in money.
This fine spirit, however, is an in
dex of the way our people have faced
the hard times through which we have
passed. There is a unity of effort, of
thought, faith and of spirit that has
kept one from complaining. Of
course we have talked about hard
times and we have not refused 0
look the issues squarely in the face
Yet it has always been done with p;
heroic faith that out of all the issu!s
good times were coming. This veIy
thinking has made what might
been a bad time a very pleasant
For happiness has not ceased to
vail in our community. A sta
faith always frightens fear a
Mr. and Mrs. Geo. C. Gibson
as their guest Mrs. Gibson's
Miss Pearl Cook, who has
returned from Paris, France,
for the past three yeirs she
in Red Cross'work, While in
Miss Cook made a study of
and political conditions (in
World. She visited E
ny while she was abroad, and was ih
close touch with conditions in Austro
Hungary, Russia, Turkey and the
Mittle.Eurooa territory. She tells
some thrilling first-hand stories
about European conditions.
Mr. R. E. Barnwell and Mr. 1. U.
Kauffman, of the Atlanta office of
Lockwood, Green, & Co.. Engineers,
were in our village Monday on busi
Mr. Amos Johnstone, who has been
in scho, & the University of Ge.or
gia, arrived in Winnsboro Wednesday
morning for the summer vacation.
Mr. Tom Sentell went to Rock
Hill Wednesday morning to attend
the State convention of the S-mth
Carolina Sunday School Associatinn
at Winthrop College, Wednesday,
Thursday and Friday.
Miss Maud Hawthrrrne, who taught
this year in the village school, left
Tuesday morning for Rock Hill,
where she will spend several weeks
before going to ,her home in Abbe
ville. She will renresent the Mill
church also at the Sunday School
Association being held this week in
Rev. Geo. C. Gibson attended the
Sunday School Association conven
tion in Rock Hill Thusday.
The ball game last Saturday on the
local diamond was presented to- Ches..
ter, 6-5. Chester scored four runs
in the first inning without a hit.
Not a ball was hit out of the infield
in this inning. Enloe pitched a mas
terly game for the local team and
with a little better support should
have won easily. A rally in the ninth
'netted the local team three runs but
fell short the run to tie on account
of bad base running.
Mrs. T. R. Finley and two children
Eliabeth and Gibson, of Montgomnery,
Ala., are on an extended visit to
Ms. Finleys brother, Mr. C. E.
Reese, and family.
Mr. and Mrs. H. 0. Reese, of St.
Petersburg, Fla., are on a visit to
nir son, Mr. C. E. Bleese, and fam.
The 'village school held its closing
eercises In the hall Monday evening.
A splendid program was rendered. In
th program as rendered there was
ample evidence of the wonderful
work of the teachers and also of the
interest and faithfulness of the chil..
dren. The year's work has been ex
AT MOUNT ZIO3
e Commencement exercises o
t82ion Institute were held in thi
Co*unity House on Friday eveninj
Ju~vsrd. The graduating class con
wa ..of twelve young people-fou
b~ d eight girls: Jessie Doug
lasO' Margaret Ketchin, Lizzi
Car1e, Merrill Turner, Louise Ham
iltn, Katherine Turner, Frances Nei
andRebekah Mcfie; Joe Elliott Bo
JeAings, Cornwell Jennings an
Jack Lemmon. Rev. G. Croft Wil
rams, of C-lumbia, Secretary of th
State Board of Charities and Correc
tion >.nade the annual address befor
.the. -!ass. Mr. Williams, a man c
strong personality andi origins
i'deaf was at his best. His addres
nOaost helpful and instructive. T1
metc, furnished by the whole scho<
in'.rious grade formations, was e,
pec y fine. It was real music, at
the children showed thorough tran
ig. The "Week Song" by seve
little girls of the first and secor
grades pleased the audience immens
ly, se did "Violets," sung by selec
ed voices from the high school, aR
the selections by the graduatir
-class. Perhaps the most ambitioi
number was a lullaby' sung by ti
high school chorus, which was w(
reidered and highly appreciated I
All in all the occasion was a no
able one. Twelve young PeOPle f
ishing their high school course is
real event in any community.
The following pupils made t
'ho r roll at Mt. Zion Institu
.= 0..1921. Those highly disti
made a general average I
of between 95 and 100; tho
,an average of b6twe
The attendance' han
- the. g*es of 'all ch
ere pelther absent n
ng the session.'Where a
on both rolls the fact is not
star'before name on attenan
iit Grade Highly distinguishe
9500-Mary Long, Jamie Bri<
Thelma Sitton; E- Rion, Jack Prow
M.- gjParks. Distinguished-Car
line Arnett Prentiss Baker. TalII
Cen, Billy Courtney. Luther Gla
den, amps Jackson, Ned McDona
and rady Turner.
Grade, Highly distinguished
dLij7if Elliott and Daisv Hood. Di
guished-Wilhelmina Aiken. 7eln
Brice. Estelle Dawsy, Moselle Dai
sey. Ella Johnson Margaret Macf
Nell McMeekin and Thomas Lemmo
ret Macfie and Lamar Utsey.
3rd GrsAe. T-ThAly distinguished.
None. Distinguished -Corin, Cat
cart Lonii Christmas. Nell Dou
1ss To~mmie Elliott. Norwood O)be:
Ruth Torner and Frances Wilk'
4th (Grade Highly distinguishe4
.eannette Phillins. Distinguished
5th Grade, Highly distinguished
Daisy Belle. Ella Cathcart. Ire
Hood Sp'ah Law 1Kennerly, Elizahe
Obear. Elizabeth Phillins and Jo'
Bennett. Distinguished- Maui
Douglass. Ruth .Terninos, Mari
Johnson. Mary Jan. Macfie. Ru
Robinson end Thm Ketchin. Atten
ance-*Daisv Belle. *John Benne
6th Grade. Higly distinguished
Lucy McDonald and Mary Johnsc
Robert Richardson, Elizabeth Je
nings. Annie McMaster, Sarah Geti
Carrie Mayes. Gussie Wilkes a
Andrew Bennett. Attendance-*Mv
ry Johnson. *Leonorah Jennini
*Elbeh Jennings, Margaret I
liott and *Annie McMaster.
7th grade, Highly distinguished
Wallace Johnson, McMaster Ketch
Spencer Elliott, Merrit Quattlebat
and Floride Douglas. Distinguish
-Margaret Dunlap, Joe Owens a
Alma Ray. Atandnce-GetY
Rion and *Merrit Quattlebaum.
8th grade, Highly distinguished
Irene Richardson, Jennie .Bomar a
9th Grade, Distinguished-B4
Turner. Attendance-Pauline Bril
10th Grade, Highly distinguished
Elma Steele and Philo Caldwell.. I
tendance-Annie Lee Younge.
11th Grade, Highly distinguished
Jessie Douglass. Distinguishi
ISTORY OF FAIRFI
... .WRITTEN BY.
(Through the further kindness of
Mrs. T. H. Ketchin, we are reprint
ing an address by Dr. Jas. H. Car
lisle, written in 1880 and printed in
The State on Jan. 24, 1907.)
The defeat of Braddock (July 9,
1755) has a special interest for us
who live in South Car-lina. That
disastrous offair left the English
colonies in the North exposed to the
savages generally and led to a gen
e eral rapid movement southward. The
tide rolled on down the eastern valley
e of the Blue Ridge. Some, tempted by
I the inviting lands of Virgipia, stop
' ped for a while, or permanently, on
Is the banks of her noble rivers, driving
e horses, cows and hogs with them.
)l Thus disaster and defeat lead in the
. wise arrangements of Providence to
d growth and expansion elsewhere.
turning th. stream of population and
n history into new channels.
d In 1760 the Cherokees received a
check and were forced to yield their
rich lands, which now form some of
the finest counties in the upper por
tion of our State. There were a few
s settlers in this part of our State be
e fore this, Lyles having come pbout
1745. But after the event alluded to
y above, the settlements rauidly in
creased. The government offered in
ducements to quicken immigration,
giving, each head of a family 100
a acres and 50 acres to each child. This
was the border ground between the
Cherokees and Catawbas, and along
le this dividing line, almost precisely on
te the railroad track, was the trail or
nath which led to the Congaree be.
Col. Pears gives 1745 as the first
an settlement within the limits of thb
>r district, John and Ephriam Lyle
a. from prunswick, Va at tbi. time
rs1e4tl t tie iouth of ver ceel
a I on Broad river. About the same time
d Richard Kirkland, grandfather of
e Reuben Harrison, settled on the OP
nosite side of the district, at or nea
e, Other names given by Pearsol ar
Thoma s Woodward. lihard Win
James Kncaid. John Pearson, Is~sa
Gibson. John Winn, John Gray, Ben
d jamin May, William Strother, Johr
Id Buchanan, William MeMorris, Johr
Cook, Capt. Boler. Capt. Watson and
The Catwbas appear to have been
a Canadian tribe. Retiring before a
strange tribe, about 1650, they -
south until they reached upper Caro
elina. where the Cherokees disputed
-itheir march. The tradition is that
they fought a terrible bate on the
_banks of the Catawba, which was
ended only by night. Next mornine
propositions of peace were made b~
.the Catwvbas and accepted by thei
rfoes. The Cata#,as were to occupy
_the eastern bank, while the Cherokees
- ver,. to hvell on the western bank,
including this pine ridge between' th'
rivers. whie" now constitutes York,
Chester and Fairfield. Later the
hBroad river was the line,.as its Ind'an
n name is said to mean dividine' line,
eThe Catawbas have a sad history,
nThey were always faithful to the
h whites. Their last degraded renre.
sentatives lingering in Lancastei
should draw forth from the whites
only sentiments of kindness and pity,
_These strange and ill..fated peopl4
have given rise to a great deal o0
.noetry and sentiment, but very little
.history. They have left few relics i1
this immediate vicinity, no mound
perhaps nearer than Camden,-no wel
marked burying ground. In our boy,
-hood a few of the Catawbas used te
pass through this village on thein
- way to Columbia with their bows an
in arrows and pottery for sale. Th~
m generationi now growing up will be
d stangeers to the red man, it now be
gd ng easy to find grown persons whi
y have never seen an Indian. When w
come from men to animals, it 12
- startling for a moment to think thai
nd buffaloes, elks, bears, panthers
wolves and beavers abounded, wher
th now a deer, or even a wild turkey, i
.ean unusual sight. We give a fey
- items collected by Dr. Logan for hi
In 1760 a Mr. Graves crossed th
- Wateree at Green's Ford, and seein
d: jthe tracks of buffaloes, told Reube
A FORER CITEN
killed three fat buffaloes. The meat
was stolen by the wolves during the
night, but the loss was easily supplied
next day. A venerable old citizen,
Busby, who lived to the age of 110.
related that he had often seen at one,
3.000 buffaoes on the meadows of
Little River. The last elk in all this
region was killed by Robert New.
ton near Winn's bridge in the western
part of the county. The antlers were
I sent to England as a curiosity. -Bea.
ver creek in the western part of the
county, one of the earliest settle
ments , took its name from the bea.
vers which abounded in its waters.
Some of these animals may be look.
ed back upon with regret by the ac.
tive sportsman of today, but when
we read of a rattlesnake killed many
years ago in the Means neighborhood
which had just swallowed a fawn,
this may lessen our sorrow for tfe
disappearance of some of our "oldest
inhabitants." Old Jesse Gladden,
grandfather of the late Gen. Gladden,
who lived on the Wateree not far
from Mount Moriah church, has been
heard to say, pointing to a valley on
his plantation: "In my boyhood I
often saw large herds of wild horses
running along that valley in a wild
.stampede, and so great here the
numbers that the groand on which
our cabin stood shook under their
tread." And while speaking of ani
mals more or less dangerous we must
not forget the witches. Philip Ed
ward Pearson, writing in 1834, says:
"In 1792 witches abounded in Fair.
field. A court of witch doct6rswas
held at the house of Thoms Hill,
five miles below Winnsboro. Four
persons were tried and punished by
stripes and burning their feet at the
bark .fire so that
the sisterhood in the'ado th
officers of this court, a poor old Ger
man woman, 70 yea/s of age, going
to the place of trial, and afterwards
to have seen the scars of the cowskin
on her arms and shoulders.
The Witch's Oak.
Some now 'nreqsnt may remember
an old oak near the southwest corner
of the courthouse, called the Liberty
tree. Tradition says that witches
were whipped, perhaps burned, at
The eulogy on the land around
here by Lord Cornwallis is well
known. Speaking to Walter Robert
son, he is reported as saying: "I
can conceive of no finer regioTy,
taking into consideration its fertil
soil, mild climate, its long drawn
beautiful valleys and glorious high.
lands." And, no doubt, these grand
old hills, when in their native dres,
did present an appearance which we,
who look - them now in their bar.
renness, not conceive. Much of
the uplana -n of this portion of the
State, was wnen covered with luxuri-.
ant wild vines and canes as high as
a man's head on the ordinary ground.
On some places the canes rose from
20 to 30 feet in height.
But we turn from nature and ani-.
mnals to the men who subdued the one
and exterminated the other. The set.
tiers of that day were chiefly from
Great Britain. Dutchman's Creek
bears witness to a small element from
the continent. Here, as elsewhere,
the names of the streams and settle.
ments hav, in them instructive his.
tory, as for instance, Beaver Creek,
Horse Branch, Fox Creek, Hemppatch
Ceek, Wolfpit Church, Alligator
Creek, Old Cow Pen.. In the upper
part of our county is a Dumper's
Creek. I have spent many happy
hours on its banks when a boy, but
could never find the origin of the
name, whether a famnily name or a
corruption of Dumper's Creek. If
this is the origin, it may join with
Sauney's Creek in the lower part o(
the county, in bearing witness to the
Scotch element in the colony. The
English, Scotch, Irish and Welsh,
in some cases, came directly from
Great Britain, induced by letters
r sent back with glowing accounts of
Sthis new country. In other cases
they came by the way of PennsyL
vania or Virginia. The names; York,
SChester, Lancaster, which they re
(Continued on second page)
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