Newspaper Page Text
OCTOBER 21, 1921. VOL. XLIX. NO. 3
- Mrs. J. F. Coleman spent Thurs- I
';ay in Columbia with Mr. and Mrs. l
Mrs. Macie Brice, Mr3. T. W. J
Brice, Misses Ellen, Nannie and Ida!
-Price and Mr. Ernest Kelly spent
Saturday in Charlo
Sam Nicholson, who is at the Uni
versity' of South Carolina, came
home for the week-end.
Mrs. Robert Dunbar spent a few i
eys in Chester recently.
Miss Mattie Shirley has returned
from Chester, where she has ,been
rursing Mrs. L. A. Lewis at the San
J. C. Stewart, Robert McIlroy, lit- j
de Alice McIlroy and John A. Stew
t' motored to Chester Sunday af- s
Mrs. J. C. Stewart was hostess to .
*herine Ladd Chapter at the reg-hr
ular meeting Friday afternoon. There
-s no program. as this was the I
time for the election of officers. Tbe (
following officers were elected. for c
'he coming year: President, Mrs. t
Sam Brice; 1st Vice-President, Mrs. I
C. Stewart; 2nd Vice-President, c
Mrs. W. M. Reed; 3rd Vice-Presi- t
dent, Mrs. J. F. Coleman; Secretary, I
Mrs. A. W. Brice; Historian, Mrs.
Macie Brice; Treasurer, Mrs. T. W. i
Erke; Registrar, Mrs. Charlie Brice- e
Mr. A. W. Brice received a rising i
vote of thanks for her work as pres
dent during the last year,, The chap- 1
fer decided to have a H*llowe'en
uarty at the school house the. last 1
Saturday night in October. Mrs.
Stewart served a salad eaurse and
coffes during the social bour.
Miss Sarth Parck, who teaches
t Hantrsvlle, 0ne _.ne foxthe
week-end, and was aecoupanied by
insey. Complimenting Miss Pat
rick's guests, Mrs.~ W. M. Pptrick 3
-as hostess at a lovely dinner Sat
urday night. Covers were laid for
t'e following guests: Misses Mil
. -d and Safah Smith, Mary C. El- r
,tt and Julia Salley; and Messrs.
-dlebrock, McIntyre, Linsey, Charlie
Mc~eDonald, Paul Durham and Wil
Mrs. J. B. Frazier, Jr., was hostessja
to a number of young people on Fri- I.
day evening. Cards and music were
enjoyed and a most entertaining eve
'ning was passed by all.
Mr. A. M. McWhirter, of Jones
ville, was a guest in the home of
Mrs. L. M. Blair the past week-enei.
Miss Ruby Coleman was the week- -
S end guest cf Miss Francis Blair.
7Mr. W. E. Blair was a visitor in
Jfr. and Mrs. L. S. Henderson and
family were visitors to relatives in I
Clinton several days last week.
Misses Bertha Crooks, Alberta
Wilkes and Hannah Rutherford~ were
week-end guests of Mrs. J. B. Fra
-zier, Jr. 3
S Mrs. J. B. Frazier, Sr., Mrs. Fra-v
Wzier, Jr., and children were visitors I
to relatives in Clinton several days
hst week. -
Mr. L. M. Blair was a business
visitor. in Winnsboro Friday. t
Mr. J. R. Ragsdale Was a visitor in 3
Miss Winter, of Columbia, who
'-a been teaching the Blair school,
has resigned on account of the sick- 3
ness of her mother. The children
are enjoying quite a few holidays. I
Mr. and Mrs. Hobbs, of Daytonia,
Fla., who have been the guests of
Miss F. G. Feaster and Mrs. C. H-.
Ragsdale for some time, have re
Mr. J. B. Frazier, Jr., was a busi-b
niess visitor in Columbia Thursday. 1
Mr. L. B. Fee, of Columbia, is t
here on a visit to his ilarents, Mr. I
and Mrs. L. R. Fee.
Miss Lillie Mae Weir, of Winns- t
boro, is visiting Miss Irene Stewart
-n Mrs. D. F. Smith t
Mr. R. M. Bolick, of Ridgeway,
-- in Longtown Monday.
.1. ,.Nov 2A
some time with his daughte,
Irs. Weir in College Place and his
rother, Mr. L. T. Wilds, in Colum
Miss Marie Mayer left recently for
ohnston where she will teach this
Mrs. Black is visiting Mrs. George
Wilds at her' 6ome near Ridge
The Rev. and Mrs. W. H. Eu
anks and son, Hampton Eubanks,
Lined with the Misses and Messrs
)ixon last Sunday.
Mrs. Thos. H. Wilds spent a short
rhile in Camden receatl.
Mr. and Mrs. Weir were -the gusds
f Mr. aid Mrs. Thos E Smitir for
part of last- week.
Miss Gertrude Mayer attending
chool in Florida this session.
Miss Irene Stewart, Miss Liling
Jae Weir and Mr.' Maxie, Stewa4
otored, to Winnsboro
Mr. kno Mrs. J. J. Mc
[r. j. J. -McEachern, Jr.
olumbia this week to see Mi Na
mi McEachern, who te for
reatment. Her many friena wil
e delighted to learn .that. Miss Na
mi is considerably improved, ano
hey wish for her a speedy and com
Mr. and Mrs. Joe Hudson and chi
ren from South Georgia are guests
f Mr. and Mrs. R. A. Hudson and
[r. and Mrs. RMH. Hudson.
Mr. nd Mrs. W. D. Tidwell, Mrs:
jannie Bush and Mrs. Campbel, df
tumbia, were among the recent.
isitor!' at the home of Messrs Joe
nd Marion Tidwel.
Mr. r s aters, of affladeljwap
aters,_ 4f ,ue 14.--r
rig a few days with Mr. and Mrs.
. B. Wright.
Miss Julia Faucette is visiting in
Miss Mae Allen, little Mary Nor
is Frocher and Mr. Lee Coleman
pent Tuesday in Union.
Mr. A. M. Faucette, of Columbia,
pent Saturday and Sunday with his
Mr. W. B. McDowell, of Balti
ore, is here on business.
Mrs. W. B. Wright, Jr., is the
uest of Miss Mattie Clayton in Co
Miss Ruby Coleman spent the
eek-end in Blairs.
Messrs. R. C. and J. F. Coleman
e in Winnsboro Saturday.
M. H. Lee Coleman wis in Co
imbia Sunday to see hi5 father. Mr.
~eorge W. Coleman, who is ill at
SColumbia Hospital. .
Mr. and Mrs. J. 3. Selton, Miss
~ae Allen and Mr. W. B. Wright,
r., attended the funeral of Mr.
:race Welch at Carlisle last Fri
Mr. M. S. Lewis spent the week
1 in Chester with his Egmily.
Mr. and Mrs. W. I. Wolling and
[r Russell Clowney, of Winnsboro,
'ere the guests of Mr. and Mrs. J.
'. Beam Sunday.
Iir. W. B. Wright, Jr., was in 'Co
m.'bia Thursday and Friday.
Mrs. Jack Pollard and little son, of
he Salem neighborhood, are visiting
irs. J. A. F. Coleman.
Mesdaes J. A. F. Colemnan and
ack Pollard and little Jack Pollard,
r., spent Friday in Carlisle with
rs. Gilliam Jeter.
Messrs. M. S. Lewis and J. F.
eam were in Newberry Wednesday.
There is too much trouble, strife,
loodshed and theft abroad in the
d, and people are too busy for me
> ask for spac6 to even mention
eckham again; and I would not do
: were it not that his deeds are be
ming unbearable. I will mention
nly one instance here. Since the
igns of the times point to sllarva
n, desolation and ruin, brought
bout by the devastation wrought by
he boll weevil, it behooves us to
ave everything that is eatable and
(Cntinued on nawa six)
f ho o
-usda. .e rs
fdate proud i
- wan d
1 be c
.!a power s
ntire - Num
gai - ioia
.On.1i t tbelr
'cst ' The superlative
testi.n" those present makes
us sure this OCCasiCn. 'as "as
usual" rea'i -njoyed.
Mr. .N. White,. *. Gord9n A.
Johnistong Rev, ou. C. Gibson T
were in ( inbia Tuesday - on busi
Mr. G. I Lokey spent the day in
Columbia Ust Sunday visitingI his
Mr. and*rs. A. S, Payne and Mr. I
Houis Cb&g of Oamden, srent the t
'ay Sundafwith Mr. and Mrs. A. I.
7. Wilson. They mnot~red r am f
er supper Sunday evening.
Mr. Dudley Howe, in charge of
the purchising departr:*ens fpr cot
ton, etc., ot the Lockwoo)d, Greene &'
Co., paid Us a visit on Mondlay of
this wek1' Mr. Howe has visited.
praeticaly all the Southern states in
the cotton belt and he staltes that
onditions are worse that th..'1ght t'a
be. He.,says that practically all of:
the cotton everywhere has been
Mrs. Ben Wilson and son, Pa'~i.
hve entiely recovered from an at
tack of diphtheria.
Miss Neli Godwin has tacceptedi
'he position of nurse in oar village. H
She arrlyed Monday to take charge;
f the dispensary and work connec-j]
ed with, her position. Miss Godwin
-a graduate nurse from the Bap-'
:qt hospital, Columbia. We are
elad to welcome her to our hap~sy
family of .contented loyal people
Well, sure enough. Bob Dale,l
missed the preaching service Sunday I
night last, as Rainbow predicted last I
veek. -Bob says, however it isn't
his fault. He say3 that he and Mrs.
Dale went for a ride late in the af- I
ternoon and had a puncture. When
e went to fix~ the puncture he found
hat Ramnbow had either stolen or
qd somebody else to steal his jack
nid pump, so as to make him miss
hurch 'services. We haven't heard
4' Ramnbow offering any pump or
~ack fortsale and he hasn't a car soi
e are inelined to believe that Bob
never did have a jack or pump. Hee
~ad to iave an alibi. Bob says.
'Boys, !I will be there next Sunday."
'ow watch him.
,Th,1'Baptist church was packed to
the disors Sunday evening. Prof.
Feruehf mid several others of the
Mneed on Page Th~teel
IIYSICIANS OF TIS
)ISTRICT MET HERE
The semi-anntal meeting of the
redical society of the fifth district
ook. place in Winnsboro cn Thurs
ay, October 20ht. An excepti6nally
;y, Oct. 20th.- An exceptionally in
tructive program had been arranged.
Tot only were there doctors of note
rom the district present, but also'
hysicians and surgeons from else
there in the State. The fifth
istrict is composed of'the fQllowing
ounties: Chester, Fairfield, Ker
haw, Lancaster and York. The of
icers of the society are: Dr. W. R.
Vallace, president; Dr. G. W. Poov
y, Dr. W. M. Love, vice-presidents;
)r. G. A. Hennies, sec. and treas.;
r. Robt. Sumner, Dr. C. S. Mc
ants, Dr. R. H. McFadden, Dr. L.
. Gregory, executive committee.
Following was the program:
Opening prayer-by Rev. G. G.
Address of Welcome-Hon. J. W.
Address of Welcome from Fair
ield County-Dr. J. C. Buchanan,
>resident of Fairfield County Medi
Duodenal and Gastric Ulcers-Dr.
. E. Beker, Charleston, S. C.
What the Physician Should Read
)r, E.. W. Pressley, Greenville, S. C.
Principlts of Feeding During the
econd Year of Childhood-Dr. W.
. Weston, Columbia, S. C.
Some Phases of the Work at the
;outh Carolina State Hospital-Dr.
I. F. -Williams, Supt., Colmnbia, S.
Diagnostic Significance of Certain
3hest- Signs-Dr. J. D. McDowell,
ori, S. C.
Diseases of the Eye, Ear, Nose and
rthrt as Related to General Medi
ine-Dr. W. C. Twitty, Rock Hill,
orbed, Camden, S. C.
RED CROSS MEETING.
The Fairfield County Chapter of
he American Red Cross held its an
mal meeting for the election of offi
ers in the County Health office on
rhursday rtorning at 11 o'clock.
[he following officers were elected:
)r. Oliver Johnson, chairman; Mr.
Ernest Blair, vice-chairman and
reasurer; Miss Elizabeth Doty, see
etary; Miss Alice Doty, chairman
Funior Red Cross committee; Miss
~agie Neil, publicity chairman;
3. J. L. Bryson, chairman nursing
cmmittee; Miss Maggie Aiken,
hairman membership committee;
Irs. W. D. Douglas, chairman pro
-tive committee; Dr. R. G. Hamil
n, chairman home service commit
e, and secretary home service corn
Miss Susie G. Dawson, Field Di
ector A. R. C. for South Carolina,
ade a most forceful and eloquent
..to the Chapter, stressing the
act that the war was not over, and
wer would be until the American
people (you and I) have fulfilled the
promises we had made to our sol
tiers at the beginning of the war,
o -see them through. "Are We do
-e this ?" Thousands of our men
re in hospitals being cared for iby
he Red Cross. Can We afford not
o renew our membership and re
.ay in this small way the sacrifices
hey have made for us?
4RS A. I. V. WILSON
One of the most attractive parties
if the season was given by Mrs. A.
.V. Wilson last Friday afternoon
t her attractive home in the Mill
lillage. The living room and din
ng room were beautiful in their
allowe'en decorations, which were
:arried out in the minutest detail.
There were four tables of players
3 at the end of the games Mrs. U.
1. DesPortes, Mrs. Dees and Mrs.
(eehan tied for the prize, which fell
A salad course, with tea and sand
iches, wa, served by the hostess,
COTTON GROWING I
THE BOLL WI
About one hundred farmers were
assembled in the court house Wed
nesday to hear Prof. N. E. Winters,
of the extension department of;
Clemson College discuss Economical
Crop Production and Cotton Growing
Under Boll Weevil Conditions. His
remarks might be summed up in one
word: PREPAREDNESS. It seemed
in the opening that he was going to
discuss only soil fertility and the
building of soils, but when he grad
ually worked to boll weevil conditions
and showed that the successful plant
ing of cotton under adverse circum-I
stances was dependent of the condi
ion of the soil and its ability to de-11
velop the plant rapidly, his hearersi
were very much impressed. In or
der that his advice might reach a
larger number of farmers The News
supplied a stenographer and in the
afternoon Mr. Winters condensed his
lecture for publication. His own ad
vice follows, verbatim:
Economical Crop Production and
Cotton Growing Under Boll Weev
There are two big problems that.
confront us, economical crop pro
duction and the marketing of the
things we produce. It is not alwayE
the man who produces the biggest
crop that makes the most profit. The
margin -of profit comes in between
the cost of production and the mar
ket price. Economical crop produc
on on poor land is physically impop
sible. .Without the boll weevil it is
ssible to produce cotton year after
year on poor land, depending ou com
mercial fertilizer for producing it,
and to eek out an existence with it.
But it is impossible with the boll
weevil present to help us harvest it.
A clean cultivated crop year af
ter year in soil left bare during the
%-inter, between these crops, is the.
kind\ of. treataent that it takr
-a nnaldtm Poor ebes
soil ot of the richest soil we have.
gome land in the United States
which made in its virgin state, when
God turned it over to the old pion
eers. 70 bushels of corn per acre
without any fertilizer, is now
.'w 8-12 bushels per acre after-.
ty-five years of continuous corn cul
tivation with no soil improvements.
Nitrogen Most Important Factor.
On our poor soil, nitrogen is the
'iting element of the crop pro
"iction. Our crop yields go up and
4wn as nitrogen and all fertilizers
go up and down. In our tests on
poor soil in this State, we produce
no more cotton cor 'corn with 8-0-4
than we do when no fertilizer at all
We snent $26;000,000 for nitrogen
last year. We have spent over $12,
000,000 this year for nitrogen. For
the past fifteen years we have spent
annually $1.5,000,000 for nitrogen in
commercial form, and We have been
losing 80 per cent of it, an average
of $9,000,000. annually, in the leech
from our soil and through our gul
leys into our creeks and rivers, duie
to the lack of proper control of the
soil moisture and the use of the
green winter cover crops. It re
auires only about 18 pounds of nii
trogen to make one-half biele of cot
ton or 18 bushels of corn per acre,
but we lose 50 pounds of the precious
stuff per acre where the soil is left
bare all winter exposed to the leak
age from our heavy rains. In other
words, we have been losing more than
we used of the most expensive part
of our commercial fertilizer. God
Almighty has given us enough stuff
in one square. mile of this old air to
do the whole world 50 years for crop
nroduction . if we will just pull it
down and use it, 'end He has pro
vided the whole world with means
-hereby we can pull it down and
make it available for corn, cotton
and other crops in our rotation - by
using beans, peas, clovers, and
vetches adapted to our section. We
can grow a greater variety of these
crops thhen any other section of the
Ujnited States and we can grow them
from January 1st to December 31st
and never miss a single crop. A
three ton growth of velvet beans will
take from the God giveo &ir *nd ad:d
to every acre 87 pounds of nitrogen
and more than thist by applying 500
nounds of nitrate of soda per acre.
mqre milk and meat than anything
that can be planted in the spring
time, each acre producing the ruff
age needed as pasture crop for oe
cow and two pigs during November,
December and January. A winter
cover crop, rye, oats, vetch or criw
sonclover will save about 50 pound
of nitrogen from leaking out this
winter, and with vetch or crimson
clover in the moisture they will add
in 50 pounds from the air, giving us
100 pounds of nitrogen more to ev
ery acre next spring than we would
have if the soil were left bare. This
is worth about $20.00 for production
in commercial form.
Another good thing about this pro
gram, the boll-weevil cannot live ovex
winter in a green winter cover crop
because he is just like everytlft
else, he freezes more easily when
wet or green than he does when dry.
In order to stand our winter freeses
he must lose one-third of his body
moisture .by evaporation and he can
not do t*iin a green *vinter cover
crop. Bug6logists, for this reason,
call this green winter 'cover crop .the
cleansing crop. If the cotton can be
picked out and the stalks cut CC
with a disk and plowed under two
weeks, before frost the boll we6 r
wil either be debd or gone tosom
neighbo's field by the tine frost
comes, bec1mewee1beY . e
about two weeks in t
time without green cotton ana ther
eproduce only when there b, an
cotton around, either tlie 'aqure I
young bolls. If it is. Mposile t
pick out he e" I 6o eS w
you want tor ry
oats, er rye sa 7 am w
vetc or rI 1 I " I"-at . e
ton field toahead d s en e 'Kgea
4dout, frot has
italks 7 ni
green crop. Thfen as mloon as SoM
'le destroy the dry weeds "md 'gras
along the terraces and around the
field out 200 feet from. the eld and
you will -destroy the winter htal fwr
the boll weevil When killing frost
comes, 90 per ent of the eevlo
into hibernation in the cotten fel
probably 10 per' cent around: the
field, not more than 200: feet from it,
nd if all dry vegetation"s destroyed
-r chopped down in that green crop
ithin that area, the bolR weevM
finds it impossible to survive the
winter. If no green cover crap li
Slanted in' the cotton field, cut the
talks as soon as possible with a disk
harrow ajnd plow them under.. Thee
aestroy the dry' weeds and grass
along the terraces-~and around the
feld as previously mentioned. Prob
bly 90 per cent ofuswllnotmake
this following winter preparations *
that we should.
I want to tell you that the boll
weevil is- one of: the most apprece
tive little cusses you ever got ao
qtlintecj yity. If you-- piow ii
with plenty of green cotton right
to frost and .a good hotel to winter 9
in, he will stay with you winter and
summer, and wfien your cotton first
begins to bud out he will'3e tliseeto
suck 'the bods'and -when the first
fruit begins to form he will be there
a puncture the young squares, and
from an early start in -the spring the
field is soon full of weevils; for three
females, in the course of one season,
will fill a room 10 feet enquare and 10
feet high witih weevils. They stay
untilAugust inthe fields of thenman
wh provides them with good winter
hotels. Some time sin August they
become so thick that they go out
nd find new homes,. then is when
ligration starts and they go all over
h, country; then is when the msa
-ho cleans up will have no weevils
- his cotton field, but if he has been
rrowiflg velvet beans in his corn,.de
troying and plowing them under,
sing green winter cover crops, de
troying and plowing them under,
hen adding q large. amount of or-.
anic matter, fertilizinig and liming
i land for four or five years to
keep that soil. and organic matter in
healthy, sanitary condition, using
fertiliser intelligently, minly acid