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PROPER RELATIONS BETWEEN
CAPITAL AN DLABOR.
Wellesley Hills, Mass., August 2,
1922. During the past few months
Calvin Coolidge, Vive President of the
United States has been giving great
thought and study to the labor sit
uation owing to the coal and railroad
strikes. In view of the masterful
ay in which he handled the Boston
liceman's strike in 1919, he was in
vited to the Babson Industrial Con
ference to state his position on this
Mr. Coolidge assumes we will ac
cept labor unions and that capital,
labor and management will unite in
brin about a true industrial de
moc* 3t, he states fearlessly
that no democracy, political or in
dustrial can survive without discipline.
organization, and obedience. There
must be law and order. Boards of
arbitration must be created and obey
ed in order for wage workers them
selves to get on. His own words are
"We need a fulier realization and
a broader comprehension of the mean
ing both of political and economic
democracy. In this age of science
and invention and organization, there
is a special need for a full under
standing of the foundations of indus
trial democracy. The word democracy
is used very inaccurately. It is often
taken to signify freedom and equality.
Many have thought it represented an
absence of all restraints. Others have
considered it as providing a relief
from all duties. The people of Amer
ica have long been committed to de
mocracy. The best thought of the
world has been compelled to follow
$he . The easy way to understand
W may be expected of it is first
to understand what it is.
"There has never been any organ
ized society without rulers. The
great power of mankind has been
created through unity of action. This
has meant the adoption of a common
standard. In most ancient times this
was represented in the chieftain. In
modern times it is represented by a
code of laws. The important factor
to remember is that it has always re
red obedience. Democracy is obe
dience to the rule of the people.
"The failure to appreciate this
double function of the citizen has led
much misunderstanding for it is
plain to see that there cannot be
e of the people without .a peo
y is not
t of obe
- e becomes
a abute sovereign by absolute
odiance. He will be a limited sov
ereign if he limits his obediance. The
'ia loses all his freedom. It is
easy to see that democracy will have
attained perfection when laws are
made wholly wise and obedience is
made wholly complete.
r"One of the great tragedies of
American institutions is the exper
ience of those who come here expect
ing to be able to rule without render
ing obedience. They have entirely
,iienceived the meaning of democ
racy. But they need not disturb its
defenders. To cast it aside could only
mean the acceptance of some old kind
of rulers which have already been dis
carded. The true hope of progress
lies only in perfecting it. Already it
is better than anything else in the
world. But it rests entirely on the
people. It depends on their ability
both to rule and to obey. It is what
they are. The Government is what
ey make it. This same principle
as been working out in our economic
ind industrial life. We are slowly,
nd of course painfully, arriving at
state of democracy in this field. In
4s development it has been analogous
,o the development in political life.
-is not very long ago that the man
(ho owned an indlustry assumed to be
absolute lord over it. He ruled
He fixed the hours andl the con
ions of employment and dictated
ie amount of wages. He recognized
-ttle or no obligation towards his em
\loyees and had little regard for his
"In large enterprises the owner
sip gradually became more r~nd more
Ivided with the advent of the corp
ration. Ir that case, oftentimes the
1nanagement was entrusted1 to rep
esentatives, while the owners corre
ponded to absentee landlords.
- "Under this system, as soon as em
,Ioyees could organize andl make de
iands, a condition existed which led
Sthe most violent and bitter of in
ustrial disputes. All hands were
agerly asserting their right to rule,
brgetful of their obligation to obey.
"Investigation and experience have
:adually brought about the recog
* tion of the correct principles. Time
?d economic development will in
ire its adoption. Industry is chang
g from the theory of exclusion to
e theory of inclusion. It no long
is content with one small part of
*e individual, it seeks to enlist all
ts powers, to recognize all his rights
g well as require the performance of
hi Me igations. In the ideal in
dustry, each individual would become
an owner, an operator, and a manager,
a master and a servant, a ruler and
a subject. Thus there wonld be es
tablished a system of true industrial
"In very many industries this is
already taking place. Employees are
encouraged to purchase stock in the
credit facilities for such purpose.
This gives them ownership. They
are encouraged to make suggestions
for the better conduct of the business.
They are requested to apply their in
ventive ability in the various mechan
ical operations. Through trade unions
and shop committees they have a
large share in the determination of
wages and conditions of labor. By
the introduction of the sliding scale
and piece work they share in the gen
eral prosperity of the concern. This
gives them management. Thus in
dustrial democracy is being gradually
"There is a principle in our eco
nomic life that needs somewhat more
emphasis. Long ago James Otis (le
clared that kings were made for the
good of the people and not the people
for- them. It needs also to be remem
bered thiut the people are not created
for the benefit of industry, but in
dustry is created for the benefit of
the people. Those who are employed
in it are its chief beneficiaries. Those
who have acquired capital provide
the plant and machinery for the work
man. Those who have acquired skill
in organization provide the manage
ment for the workmen. The manager
secures the raw materials and mar
kets the product. Capital and man
agement perform this great service
for the benefit of the workman. He
performs a corresponding service for
them. Unto each who contributes in
accordance with his ability there is
due equal consideration and equal
honor. There is no degradation in
industry, it is a worthy enterprise,
ennobling all who contributes to it..
It will be successful in accordance
with the opportunity given for the
development of all the powers of man
kind and of the acceptance of the ob
ligation alike to rule and to obey.
"The disappointment which has
been experienced, at first thought, in
the increase of power, whether of
wealth or place, has resulted from
the expectation thate it would bring
relief from the necessity of obedience.
Neither political nor industial de
mocracy can relieve 'nd from
the requirement of obedi ce. There
is no substitute for virtue. much
emphasis has beenr put on th desire
to rule and too little on the obli tion
to obey. More and more all
ordance with this prnci e. 'An
ediant nation would possess -spre
power. The law of life, the law of
progress, is the law of obedience, the
law of service.
"Whosoever will be - great among
you, let him be your minister; And
whosoever will b echief among you,
let him be your servant."
WANTED-to buy green 4 foot pine
wood. J. S. Ketchin.
NOTICE TO FARMERS
With new and improved equipment,
nder charge of a professional head
miller of twenty years' experience,
we have resumed the manufacture
of flour and solicit shipments of
The management will try to please
its customers with promptness, and
in quality as well as quantity of pro
duce. Each patron receives the prod
uct of his own wheat.
RIDGEWAY ROLLER FLOUR MILL
Box B, Ridgeway, S. C. 18-20
The State of South Carolina,
County of Fairfield.
By W. L. Holley, Probate Judge:
Whereas, Robert C. Coleman made
suit to me to gra?m him Letters of
Aministration of the Estate and Ef
fects of Mrs. Mattie C. Coleman;
Thesc are therefore to cite and ad
monish all and singular the kindred
and creditors of the said Mrs. Mattie
C. Coleamn, deceased, that they be
and appear before me, in the Court
of Probate, to be held at Winnsboro
on 14th day of August next, after
publication hereof, at 11 o'clock in
the forenooni. to show cause, if any
they have, why the said administira
tion .chould not be granted.
Given under my hand this 28th day
of July Anno Domini 1922.
W. L. HOLLEY,
Judge of Probate.
E VE RY RE A DY .P OND
GOOD PLACE TO SWIM
AND HAVE PICNICS
P. D. ELDERS, Prop.
LADIES-Hemstitch and picot for
yourselves and others. Attachment
fits any make sewing maghine. 32
postpaid. Mention kind of machine.
McLean Co.. Wiimington. Ohio.
Watch the label on year paper and
BETTER SOLDIEi THAN Ls;VER
Great Duke of Wellington Somewhat
Awkward in His Courtship -
of Jenny Lind.
In his book of reminiscences, Ar
thur Coleridge, a great-nephew of the
famous poet, gives an interesting ac
count of Jenny Lind. He was her
intimate friend for 20 years. He tells
the following story of the prima donna
and the duke of Wellington:
"In four months after her arrival
in London the old warrior had be
come a captive to the enchantress.
He courted the lady so ostentatious
ly as to rouse the jealousy of the
Italian faction; his enthusiasm was
rather awkward at times to the ob
ject of his homage. I have her own
authority for saying that the duke
always arrived early and seated
himself in his box on a level with
the stage. Directly he saw Jenny
Lind he opened fire: 'Good evening.
Miss Lind, how are you tonight?
All right, I hope.' These well-meant
utterances were a trifle out of plade
at the particular time, for the Lucia.
Amina, or Daughter of the Regi
ment was always so absorbed in her
part as to be out of touch with all
FLAPPER HAD KINDLY HEART
Just Goes to Prove That One Is Not
Always Safe in Judging by
She got on the interurban car a few
stops the other side of Greencastle
last week-a typical little flapper.with
bobbed hair, an abundance of paint
on her cheeks, short skirt and imita
tion of a blhse, and she flirted with
every available man in sight. Across
the aisle was an old-fashioned girl,
the sort you see in pictures.
Every one of the latter's glances
toward the little flapper were full of
scorn. But when they reached Green
castle a little Japanese girl got on the
car. And then both of the girls
A few miles out of town the Jap
anese girl became ill. The old-fash
ioned girl sat aloof, but the little
"flapper" immediately got interested,
moved over to her, patted her gek
and then straightened her on the seat,
taking the other girl's head in her lap.
If a vote could have been taken for
the most popular girl on the train the
"flapper" would have taken first, last
and all honors.-Indianapolis News.
A Washington woman had scrimped
for a long time to take a trip to eana
ma. A man very much younger than
herself, in the deck chair beside her,
was making the voyage for the good
nervous system. He was
er, who could joke
up and downs, and she
so they talked of
came around to the
the traditional mare go. The woman,
still dazed at .the Aladdin-like power
that could transmute small economies
into a fairy world of blue ocean bil
lowing into blue sky, took her turn
at the conversation by voicing civiliza
tion's oldest platitude:
"Money talks, doesn't it?"
"It sure does, though my money
only knows two words--'Good bye'"
And the woman has brought it home
as one of her good little stories..
The Church Fair.
The suburban woman and her sew
enteen-year-old son, George, went to
the church fair. The fair, like most
church fairs, was costing the womaa
a great deal of money. It was a
chance on this anid a chance on that.
A few articles she bought outright.
Since she was well known and her
husband's salary was also a matter of
town gossip, all her friends who had
charge of booths insisted upon her
buying and huyipg.
All this continual handing out money
was too much for George's comnpre
hension. He couldn't seem to under
stand the cause of it all. Finally,
when his mother was free for a few
moments. he looked at her seriusly
and asked. "Mamma, do we have to pay
to get out?"-Chicago Journal.
Cuts the World's Whiskers.
The American safety razor is given
the credit of having conquered the
Spanish beard. On account of the
heaviness of their beards, the Spanish
men generally shave much less than
those of other countries and the re
sult was they presented a rather un
shorn appearance. The visit to the
barber was a serious matter and the
Spaniard selected his barber as other
men would select a dentist, the one
that was least painful. But the
American safety razor is said to have
overcome this and the men are not
only enablert to shave themselves, but
to shave more frequently.
Penny-urlous, So to Speak.
A man who had just opened a store
in a strange town was interrogating
one of his early customers on the pur
chasing power of the citizens.
"Now, there's Deacon Brown," he
said. "He has the reputation of being
wealthy. Would he be likely to spend
much money in here?"
"Wa-a." drawled the native, reflec
tively, '"I wouldn't exactly say that
he'd' go to hell for a nickel, but he'd
fish around fer one till he fell in."
Salt Lake Telegram.
A Privilege of Youth.
Mrs. haterton-Oh, Henry; what
doyo hk Little Riehard 3a be
:infinlg to ta .
Her anhi:rd-Good lack to him:
It's miore th:.. I've jeen able to de
in t:as house. How did be evmr get
We wish to thank 0 friends, for
their many kindnesse shown our
father and brother, J. R. Cole
man, during his illness d death.
Many persons, /,9therwise
vigorous and h thy, are
bothered occasi ly with
Indigestion. Th effects of a
disordered sto ch on the
system are d erous, and
prompt treatm t of indiges
tion is Impo t. "The only
- medicine I h~e needed has
been somethJg to aid diges
tion and Ci ' the liver,"
writes Mr., Fred Ashby, a
McKinney,.' TexaB, farmer.
"My medicine is
for Indigestion Ind stomach
trouble of any kind. I have
never found anything that
touches the spot, like Black
Draught. I take it In broken
doUes after meals. For a long
time I tried pills, which grip
ed and didn't give the good -
results. Black-Draught liver
medicine Is easy to take, easy
to keep, Inexpensive."
Get a package from your
druggist today-Ask for and
Insist upon Thedford'-the
Get It today.
* Effective J
price list ti
ever size il
it is impos
30 x 3j C
30 x3 31
31x 4 6
33 x4 'S
32x 3j S.B.
IRON - SHAFTING - PIPE - ROOFIG
Just received carload of Bar Iron
Just received carload of Shafting
Just received carload of Black and Galvanized Pipe
Have enroute carload of Galvanized Roofing
Have full stock of Belting, Packing, Pulleys, Valves,
Fittings and Machinery Tools and Supplies.
COLUMBIA SUPPLY COMPANY
.823 West Gervais Street Columbia, S. C.
Columbia Lumber Manufacturing Company
Sash, Doors and Blinds, Interior Finish, Pine, Cy
press and Oak, Flooring Ceiling, Weatherboard
ing, Mouldingpoor and Window Frames.
Columbia South Carolina.
You'd Be Surprised
TO SEE HOW EFFICIENTLY AND CHEAPLY YOUR
FORD CAR CAN BE REPAIRED AT
Fairfield Motor Co.
Nothing but Genuine Ford Parts
Nothing but Genuine Ford Service
O 0 c1 C1
0est cost nilcage cver Iknowm
dly 2(0th, Goodrich establishes a revised
at is a base line of tire value. It gives the.
i buying advantage of knowing that what,
e he selects is of the same quality-the
e-quality standard. It gives him theJng
the most satisfactory service and the ih
~is money can buy. Results will prove at
ible to buy tire-mileage at lower cost.
Sbeing able to buy
at such prices as these:
Cl. 15.95 32 x 4 S.B. 377
B. 15.95 33 x 4jS.B. 38.55\
B. 22.95 34 x4j S.B. 39.50
B. 26.45 35 x4I S.B. 40.70
B. 29.15 33 x5 S.B. 46.95
.B. 30.05 35 x 5 S. B. 49.30
N.ez ae a rm . i ear iuh G.M c
base line prices are also effective.
on goodrich Fabric Tires
5"$9.65 32x4 S.B.Safety $21.20
553" 10.65 33x4 S.B.Safety 22.35
Sae16.30 344..aey 22.85
ised price list afforde the motorist as --
a guide to tire prices as Goodrich
the definite standard of tire anuality.
ODRICH RUBBER COMPANY,Akron, Ohio