T HE ?sl4 HERALD
ESTABLISHED 1844 WINNSBORO, S. C.. OCTOBER 27th, 1922. VOL L. NO. 31
FAIRFIELD COUNTY NEWS
We have been having plenty of rair
4tely which makes our newly buill
roads very rough.
Mrs. J. T McDonald, Sr., Mr. and
Mrs. J. T. McDonald, Jr., and Mrs.
Olin Salley and Miss Mhammie McDon
ald motored over to Nitrolee Thurs
day and spent the day with Mr. and
Mrs. Wil Kirkpatrick.
Mr. Willie McDonald is spending
a few days with homefolks.
Mr. Storment McDonald and his
friend, Mr. Butler, spent Thursday
night with Mr. McDonalds parents,
Mr. and Mrs. D. McDonald.
Messrs. James, Willie and Storment
McDonald, John B. Smith and Butler
went opossum hunting Thursday
Mrs. T. M. Black and Miss Lizzie
Black spent Friday with Misses Mary
and Sallie Black.
Mrs. J. S. McDonald, Sr., and Mrs.
Olin Salley spent a while Wednesday
afternoon with Misses Mary and Sallie
Miss Martha McDonald has return
ed home after spending awhile with
relatives -at Woodward.
Mrs. J. T. McDonald, Sr., and Mrs.
Olin Salley called on Mrs. Irene Mc
Donald Wednesday afternoon.
Mrs. Irene McDonald and children,
James Andrew, Hugh and John S.
spent Wednesday with Miss Janie
Misses Sara and Annie Black spent
Friday afternoon with Mrs. B. S.
We are sorry to report that Mr.
R. B. McDonald is very sick. We hope
for him a speedy recovery.
Mr. and Mrs. J. J. Black and little
daughter, Estell, spent Sunday with
the formers parents, Mr, and Mrs.
T. M. Black.
Mrs. Higgins spent Thursday with
Mrs. B. S. Bankhead.
rs. W. B. Lumplkin spent
with friends near
ler Glass spent the week
en 'ss Janie Belle Lumpkin.
Mr. W. B. Lumpkin motored to
Winnsboro Friday on business.
Miss Emma Smarr spent Saturday
morning with her aunt, Mrs. J. S.
Mrs. J. F. Thomasson spent Satur
day with Mrs. J. M. Smarr and fam
Mr. Charlie Steele, of Great Falls,
spent the week-end wits friends and
relatives in the community.
Miss Ada Srparr spent Sunday with
Miss Hattie Steele.
Messrs. Alex Glass, Rufus Keistler,
Joe Nichols and Mrs. J. A. Nichols
motored to Chester to see Mr. Heath
Nichols, who has undergone a serious
operation. He is doing nicely and
hopes to be home in a few days.
Messrs. W. . Lumpkin and Boyce
ichols motored to Chester to see Mr.
Mr. J. J. Steele has returned from
Rock Hill after a very pleasant visit
to his friends.
The Epworth League Sunday night
t 7:30. Everybody is welcome.
Mt. Zion B. Y. P. U. Sunday morn
at 1-1:30 every body come out.
r. Chapman, of Newberry, spent
week-end in town with Mr. and
s. W. B. May.
r. and Mrs. W. B. May and Miss
len Gue wvent to Winnsboro Satur
There will be an oyster supper at
s. J-. S. J. Suber, Jr., Friday night
vember 3rd. The proceeds for the
Iding of a chapel.
rs. T. B. Willingham spent the
k-end in Union with her mother,
.B. May went to Greenwood Mon
Mrs. W. B. May, Mrs. Ella Hentz,
rs. J. S. J. Suber, Sr., and Miss
elen Gue went to Newberry Mon
Mr. and Mrs. W. B. Little and son,
ill, Jr., have gone to Wadesboro, N.
C., on a months visit.
SNrs. W. B. May gave a dinner
Tuesday noon, eelebrating the 21st
birthday of Mr. Hunter Brown. Miss
Helen Gue helping the guest.
Mrs. A. Mac Park; M children vis
ted relatives in Hickory Rsidge Sun
Mr. J. L. Cathcart, of Winnsboro
is visiting his aunts, Misses Belle an<
CORPS OF CORRESPONDENT!
Mr. George Timms, of Hickor:
Ridge, spent the week-end with Mr
and Mrs. A. Mac Park.
Mr. George Chappel, of Jenkinsvilli
spent Sunday with Mi. and Mrs. W
Mrs. Mary Boulware and childrer
of Hickory Ridge, spent Sunday wit]
her sister, Mrs. J. M. Park.
Mrs. Annie McNaul left Saturda3
for a visit to friends and relative
Messrs. W. D. Young and Boyc
Park spent Wednesday in Coluhibia.
Mr. John Crawford, of Horeb, vis
ited Mr. and Mrs. L. W. Hawes las1
Mr. George Park motored to Mc
Mrs. W. J. Lemmon spent Monda)
with her sister, Mrs. A Hugh Park
Miss Ray Montgomery came hem(
eida from th- Chester Sanitarium
for a short visit to her parents, Mr
and Mrs. Sam L. Montgomery.
The many friends of Mrs. J. C
Stewart, who has been ill, at the
home of her parents, Mr. and Mrs
Nicholson, for the last ten days, are
delighted to know that she is improv
ing rapidly and hopes to be up and
out again soon.
Mr. Robert McIlr.oy spent Sunday
with his father, Mr. David McIlroy.
Mr. and Mrs. Alex McAliley spent
Sunday afternoon witf Mrs. Laurie
Brice. Mrs. McAliley has recently
returned tb her home in Chester aft
er spending several months in New
Jersey and New York with relatives.
Mrs. J. F. Coleman spent last Wed
nesday in Winnsboro at the home of
Dr. a d chanan.
acie ax ' frice
and wera'up -rChesterlast
T ternoon for the picture
"The Country Beyond".
Mr. Sam McClerli.n, who has been
in North Carolina the last year is
now with Mr. W. M. Patrick and is
receiving a cordial welcome from his
Mr. and Mrs. J. F. Coleman sper,
Sunday in Columbia with Mr. and
Mrs. Wallace Coleman.
Misses Marie Jones who teaches ir
the Ridgeway schools with Mr. A. R,
Nicholson, Jr., came up Friday after
noon to visit her sister, Miss Bessie
Jones. at the home of Mr. and Mrs.
:Sam Brice and went with Mrs. Brie
and Miss Bessie Jones to Charlo't
Mesdames A. W. Brice, Sam Brice
J. F. Coleman and Mathew Patri:4
attendled the D. A. R. meeting ir
Winnsboro Friday at the home of
Mrs. Mark Doty, where Mrs. Doty
and Mrs. A. W. Brice were joint host.
A delightful meeting of the Junior
Christian Endeavor was held with
Miss Ellen Wallace Brice Friday aft~
ernoon with Miss Lizzie Mae McDon*
ad as leader. At the conclusion of
the program, the children played
games and were then served hot choc
otate andl chicken sandwiches.
The Mission Study Class was held
at Concord church Tuesday afternoor
with Mrs. Melvin Blane as leader.
The regular monthly meeting of
Catherine Ladd Chauter U. D. C. was
held with Mrs. W. M. Reid the second.
Friday afternoon. In the absence of
the president, Mrs. Sam Brice, thE
tirst vice president, Mrs. W. M. Reid
ing the time for election of officers,
the program was dispensed with and
the entire time was devoted to busi
Mrs. J. F. Coleman was elected as
delegate to the General Conventior
which meets in Birmingham and Mrs.
Sam Brice to the State Conventior
which meets in Greenwood.
The following officers were electe
for the coming year:
Mrs. J. C. Stewart, president; Mrs
Sam Brice, first vice president; Mrs
Macie Brice third vice president; Mrs
J. F. Coleman, historian; Mrs. T. W
Brice, treasurer; Mrs. A. W. Brice
registrar; Mrs. Jim McKeown, secre
During the social hour following thi
meeting the hostess served chocolatA
Miss Rebecca Lewis had as he
guest last week, Miss Margaret' Ster
ling, of Avon, and Miss Mary Lewi
also was her guest for the week-end
Mrs. Young Lewis went to Rodmar
last week to vijsit her mother. Mrs
Millingo, who- was ill.
;SCHEDULE OF MEETINGS
WEEK IN THE INTE]
HAPPENINGS OF INTER
r 6,j Uvjitd'alihh STATE,
captain Carlisle White Proves Thai
Staple Can Be Raised Despite
Chester.-Capt. W. Carlisle White
& young banker and progressive farmel
of Chester, is unquestionably one of
the most progressive farmers in the
Piedmont section of South Carolina
He has waged a successful, strenuous
battle this year in raising cotton un.
der bell weevil conditions, by using
calcium .arsenate poison and other
things. He will make from 10 to 11
bales of cotton to the plow aird over
400 bales on his farm. Captain White
Is a World war veteran and has beez
larming only two years. By hard wort
and ingenious resourcefulness he hai
practically triumphed over the bol
weevil. His case is an excellent ex
ample of what can be accomplished in
the Piedmont section of South Caro
lina by a young man working along
scientific and progressive modern
farming lines, adapting all of the ney
methods and only holding fast to tha1
which i best in the old. His, crop o:
cotton is the subject of much opti
mistic talk in this sectipn of the com
monwealth and is proving a great .in
spiration to other farmers and is a
barometer indicating that splendic
crops of cotton can still be raised iH
the Piedmont section of South Caro
lina, despite the heavy inroads made
on the crops by the boll weevil.
Sells School Bonds.
Mulins-The trustees of the Mullini
school district sold the Issue of bondi
reebntly otd oflhooL.paXoses
amotinting to $45,500, for a premiun
of $3,115 and accrued interest trom
the dqte of the bonds. From 12 to 15
bond companies were represented aI
this sale. Some very spirited biddinj
was indulged in by the representatives
of 1 vanrous com panies. Sidney
Spitzer & Co. of Toledo, Ohio, iere
the . successful bidders. The trustee
feel that they have made a very satis
factory sale of these bonds and were
lucky in being able to place them
on the market while the bond marke1
is so attractive. It is understood tha1
the trustees plan to begin the erection
of a very modern school building i
the early spring.
Much Profit in Onions.
Sumter.-It seems that the onior
crop was a profitable one in this coun
ty this season. It is a new crop foi
Sumter farmers and having heer
found successful this time, a numbe1
of Wedgefield farmers have decided t<
plant 150 acres this fall. They wil
plant the variety known as the Browi
Australians, as that seems well adapt
ed to the soil and climate of this see
tion and there is a ready market fo1
them. County Demonstration Agent J
Frank Williams reported that the on
ion crop this year yielded $150 pel
Sumter Sells Bonds.
Sumter. - At a special meeting o
city council for the purpcae of re
ceiving bids for the purchase of $100,
000 paving bonds the bonds were
awarded to the Hibernia Securitie:
company, semi-anual interest, fol
$100,225. Bids were received fron
four other companies, ranging fron
$98,500 to $100,600 annual interest.
Council directed the clerk to take
up with the various banking institui
tions of' the city the mattere distribu
tion of the funds derived from the sal'
of the bonds, with a view towards re
ceiving from them a bid for interes
to be allowed orr the daily balances fo
the whole or'a portion of the proceed:
from the sale of the bonds.
On the question of cost of wate
mains to be laid to the abattoir now il
the process of construction, it was de
cided the water department shouli
pay the cost of extending the main
to the city limits, and that the cos
from the city limits to the abattol
shoul be charged to the abattoir.
Stops Train to Save Chicks.
Graniteville.-An incident which a1
tracted the attention of by-stander
near the railroad tracks here was th
stopping of a train before 'a dimimi
tive hen with her bird-like brood tha
hopped and fluttered invain to cros
the rails. The little mother realize
her predicament, as she jumped bac
-and forth from the track, then retur!
i ed to her baby chi'iks which were ui
TO BE HELD THE COMING
tESTS OF GOOD ROADS
er 2nd: Speaking.
3rd: Speaking and barbecue.
7ember 4th: Speaking, barbecue.
GENERAL NEWS FROM
ALL OVER THE WORLD
James O'Donnell, Mechanic's Helper,
Credited With Having Saved
Nearly a Score.
New York-Fifteen persons, most of
them children, lost their lives in a
fire, believed by city officials to be
the work of a pyromaniac. The flames
swept with murderous suddenness
from cellar to attic of a fve-story brick
tenement at Lexington avenue and
110th street in the thickly populated
The blaze apparently started in a
baby carriage under the stairs in the
lower hall under almost identical cir.
cumstances as the recent incendiary
fire in an upper west side apartment
house which resulted in seven deaths.
So quickly did the flames shoot
through the building that a number of
the dead were found in bed burned of
suffocated without the slightest oppor
tunity to escape.
Nathan Silver and his four children
wc: amons the victims. Mr. and
Mrs. Abrahami Matilsky and Sidney
and Catherine Sttirman, brother and
sister of Mrs. Matilsky, also perished.
City Marshal Joseph Lazarus. while
on his way home, saw smoke issuIing
from the hallway of tle build-ing. lie
ran to the next corner and trued in
the a!z-rm. When he returned the
whole building the ground floor of
which .s occupied by stor;.,. was a
iass of gams and exIt by the stair
ways was cut o. I'st 3 ' : r::3
,n the second floor ucco l 'n ma
Ing tho!r way down the fire e.;.aps,
but- h6se on the upper floors had to
battle through snmice ad fla'mes pour
ing out of the windor-s.
Several tenants perched on upper
story. windows threatened to jump,
but were prevailed upon by firemen to
remain until laddeas could be raised.
Orie aged woman, Mrs. Mary-Inglas3.
disregarded the warning and leaped
from the fourth floor, receiving inju
ries which caused her death.
While the firernien were at work on
the second floor and preparing to fight
their way to the one above, the third
floor collapsed, but not before a warn
ing roar had sent the firemen to safe
Nearly a score of pesons owe their
lives *to 17-year-old James O'Donnell,
a mechanic's helper, who was eating
at a restaurant in the vicinity when
Ihe heard a woman cry for help. Run
ning to the street he saw the woman
leaning out of the window on the sec
ond floor of the burning tenement
with two small children by her side.
The young man clambered on the sill
of a store window, jumped and caught
a swinging sign and pulled himself
-up'to the window. He led the three
frightened tenants down the fire es
cape to the street and then raced~
back and rescued the woman's 18
m ronths'-old baby, who was asleep in
a crib. Later he went to the roof of
an adjoining building and by throw
ing a b~oard over the alley space made
it possible for a number of tenants'
*who had been cut off from escape on
the roof, to cross in safety.
Industry Shows Big Gains.
New York. - Developments of the
past weejt in industry and finance
are encouraging in many respects.
Whcolesale and retail activity in par
ticular increased perceptibly, being
partly stimulated by the cooler weath
-er. Continued strength in prices for
farm products, however, overshadow
ed for the moment other important In
dustrial factors. .
-Although cotton growers have sold
the staple 'elvily, e-xcellent buying by
the foreign and domestic trade has
given the market the needed support.
A tardy awakening of spinners to the
fact that a real shortage may have
to be faced later, it is pointed out, is
responsible for much of the present ac
tive demand. Cotton futures at 23
cents a pound or better are selling at
the highest levels since the beginning
of drastic deflation in 1920. The ef
fect in the South is already apparent.
Prevailing grain prices also con
trast sharply with the recent low lev
Iels and with prices of a year ago.
While fears of a war in tire near' east
gave the market its first impetus, con
tinued strength since the smoothing
out of the difficulties in that situation
indicate a healthy statistical position.
Report of shortag3 abroad have been
aimportant fatrin the market of
SUPERINTENDENT OF EDUC
RELATION BETWEEN GOOD
WEEKLY NEWS LETTER
FROM WINNSBORO MILLS
Folks down our way are ordering
coal and wood. The past few days
have made a little fire look very
chierful. Makes a fellow think of
Hallow-e'en. We have brushed the
dust off of our old pop-corn popper,
bought us a few peanuts and popcorn
so that we can sit around the fire aft
er family prayers at night and have a
good time. Sometimes we gossip a
little or talk politics and then again
we talk about life, our daily life, the
life of the very day that is just clos
ing and try to find some worthy
things that we have thought, said or
done. en we naturally, speculate a
little about tomorrow, and all of the
tomorrows, until -we find ourselves
headed out into eternity, somewhere.
And we wonder out aloud what we
are going to do and where we are go
ing to be out there. Somehow we be
lieve that we are going ou there.
"Where do we get our belief from?"
Well you see we are foolish enough
to be a bit religious. And we read
an old .Book called the Bible and iti
has a lot to say about eternity. And
too ve have'nt been able to get away
from a deep desire and looking for
ward to an eternity in these human
lives of ours. We believe that a Mas
ter designer is working on a plan that
one day is going to be finished and
when that is finished everybody is
going to think a little more about
eternity. Then we quit popping corn
andI go to bed thinking about man,
God and eternity and wonder how it
all is going to turn out.
Mr.. H. C. Everett, Jr., Teasu
of Winsboro mills arrived from Bos
ton Sunday afternoon- and spent se
eral day-s in the village giving "us"
and "it" all the once over. We are
always glad to see Mr. Everett.
Next Sunday morning at the reg
ular hour for the preaching service
(11:15 a. m.), at the Baptist church
the Sunbeam Band led by Mrs. G. C.
Gibson and Mrs. G. H. Lokey will
have charge of the service and rend
er a programme of some recitations
etc. These children h#ve worked
faithfully for a long time on this pro
gramme and their little hearts will be
keenly disappointed if the church is
not filled to hear them and to see
them. Everybody come out.
On November 5th a series of revi
val meetings will be held at the Bap
tist churcli. Rev. .John Bomar, of
Winnsboro, will do the preacliing.
Everybody is invited to come and hear
him. Let us all get right with God.
On last Wednesday night the little
five months old daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. Dupree, of Griffin, Ga., bade
farewell to this life to answer the
summons of heaven to come home.
Mrs. Dupree is a sister of Mrs. Chis
enhall, and was on a visit to her sister
in oui- village. Thursday afternoon
after the funeral services which were
conducted by Rev. George C. Gibsoni,,
Mr. and Mrs. Dupree left with the
little body for Marietta, Ga., where
interment will take place.
Mr. W. E. Sentell is still confined
to hiis bed with fever. .
We are glad to see "Bill" Verner
on the streets again after a confine-.
ment of several days.
Mrs. R. M. William.s and family, ofr
Great Falls, moved to our village last
week. Mrs. Williams is simply re
turning ham e as she mo~ved from
Winnsboro to Great Falls about a year
ago. We are glad to have these good
folks back with us.
Mr. and Mrs. John Crouch, of Great
Falls. spent several days in our vil
lage last week.
Work on the new Methodist church
is progressing rapidlly.
AT EVERETT SCHOOL
A few weeks ago the fifth, sixth
and seventh grades organized the
Johnstone Literary Society. The
meetings are held every Friday at
noon. The program is carried- out
with great care. The following of
ficers were elected by the votes of
Pearl Killian; President, Mary Lo
key; Vice President, Theodore Sims;
Secretary, Ralph Rush; Censor, Mr.
Scarborough; Critic, Mi.ss Douglass;'
Critic; Rubey Sineatli. Eulalier Starns.
and Burrell Brannon; Committee.
ATION DISCUSSES THE
ROADS AND GOOD SCHOOLS
Editor of The News and Herald:
The voters of the County are doubt
less, giving very serious thought as
to, how they will vote in the coming
election on the question of issiing
bonds for road building.
In all the discussion I have seen
and heard on this subject, I have not
yet heard any mention of the -
this proposition will have on our
We have come to the time vhen
the transportation of our children to
and from School should give us more
eoncern than transportation of our
rops to market and fertilizers and
ther purchases home agaih. A bet
ter system of roads is necessary for
:he successful transportation of school
hildren than for the transportation
>f bales of cotton or Isacks of ferti
The National Bureau of Ein0Itcation
las just issued a circular comparing
he one teacher rural schools and the
;mall town schools in the State of
Kansas. This circular states that the
ricts of Kansas for getting, even the
:hance of a child in the rural dis
rudiments of an education is ;ifty
ifty. The census figures f.>r the two .
:ypes of district compared rhow
114, 928 children in the -,ne-reacher
listricts and 121,099 in the small ibwn
listricts. The enrollment is C7 per
ent in the one; and 90 per cent in
te cther. The average attenduirse
is 48 per cent for the one group; and
70 per scent for the other.
The length of term for the one
teacher group is 29 weeks and for the
her it is 35 weeks. The length of
recitation periods is 5 to 12 minutes
in one case; and 25 to 40 minutes in
the other. Nine years arereuised
toomplete the 8th grade in the one
group and 8 years in the pther. The
ot per pup of ineting.the.fh
gride in the orie, is '47.10, while in
the other It is 391.2& The building
and equipment for the one is valued
at $49 per pupil served; for the other
the value is $116. The average salary
aid teachers is $74.60 per month and
82.65 per month in the respective
listricts. This comparison hows that
t takes one year longer for a child
;o finish the 8th -grade in the 'one
:eacher school than in the other and
,hat it copts the county S75. more to
give him this education than to give
che same thing in the larger schools.
A similar comparison in South Ca
colirza would show similar results.
Lhe one-room school house with the
me-teacher is not giving the train
ng that our present day demands.
[f our boys and girls are to have the
>portunity they are entitled to and
hich they are rapidly getting in
>ther States, we must consolidate our
The greatest hindance to the con
solidations we have tried is the con
litions of our roads.
A recent magazine article describ
ing the wonderful progress made in
:he past few years in the schools of
Mfontgomery, Ala., makes these very
ignifica-t statements. "At the out
set he ha~s in his favor -a system -of
good roads," good roads came to the
:ounty before good schools.
Any one familiar with the location
f the school in the county will readi
ly see by looking at a map of the
proposed road construction that it
rould greatly facilitate the consolid
tion of our schools.
I believe our people want the very
best opportunity they can possibly
provide for their children. to have
this we must have consolidation of
schoos and transportation of child
ren at public expense. To do this we
must have better roads. Can we af
rord them ? Dr. J. L. Curry, of Ala
bama, said to the people of that State'
years ago; "We are too poor not to
educate." In a democracy, every dol
lar of wealth is under first mortgage
for the education of all the children
of all the people." Think on these
things when deciding how to vote on
the bond issue.
J. L. Brice,
Co. Supt. Ed.
MUST SIGN NAME TO
At different times articles are
sent in to us unsigned. For any ar
ticle to have attention at all the 't,
er must have his signature. Txs
does not mean that the name will
have to be published every time, bt
the editor must know from whom)
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