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CATASTROPHE IS REVEALED IN
GAERTER MAGNITUDE THAN
THOUSANDS ARE IN DISTRESS'
Five Hundred Reported Killed at Vale
lenar and in the Surrounding
- District Alone.
Santiago, Chile.-With partial re
establishment of communOetions,
Chile's earthquake catastrophe is re
vealed in even greater magnitude than
Arst reports indicated. It is estimated
that at least 1,000 are dead, and many
thousands are in distress, needing
food and shelter.
In addition to heavy casualties and
Injured at Copiaco and Coquimbo, it
was reported that 500 were killed at
Vllenar and in the surrounding dis
trict. Vallenar was virtually destroy
ed, and the survivors are in a critical
condition. It seems certain that there
have been casualties in other towns
and villages around Copiaco to the
south concerning which there was no
Already 24 bodies have been recov
ered at Coquimbo where it is known
that there are 100 or more dead. At
Chanaral a number were killed by
It was an earthquake and a tidal
wave combined that accounted for the
vast destruction in the provinces of
Antoiagaista, Atacama and Coquimbo.
The movement oi the ocean is de
clared as prenomenal. It ga- e evi.
-dence of a terrific disturbance LA the
bed of the Pacific itself. There must
have been such a tearing- at the bottom
of the sea that immense quantities of
water were sucked through, causing
a tremendous recession of waters
along the Chilean coast.
Several times the ocean swept out
ward and came back in the shape of
a great wave, flooding the seasports
and in some instances sweeping away
the waterfront. The violent effects of
the tidal waves were felt from Antofa
gasta on the north to Valdivia on the
south, covering about 16 degrees of
- latitude, or more than 1,200 miles.
All types of craft lying in the va
rious harbors were swept ashore and
wrecked or left high and dry, and a
score of small port wharves and quays
were destroyed. Chilean naval vessels
in the harbor at Talcahuano, about 300
miles south of Valparaiso, when they
felt the force of the waters, clipped
their cables and proceeded to open
President Alessandri has ordered
the various government departments
to take steps for the relief of the suf
ferers in the stricken districts, those
most sorely afflicted lying between
Coquimbo and Copiapo. The navy de
partment has sent ships along the
coast to aid in the work.
The report of the .seismological in
stitute says that the apparent focus
of the earth shock was 200 kilometers
from Santiago; the intensity of the
movement was recorded between num
bers 8 and 9 of the official scale,
which runs up to 12. The total dura
tion was three hours 40 minutes and
the estimated radius 1,200 kilometers
in a transversal direction to the An
The meteorological institution says
the earth shock coincides with the
passage of a sun spot over the central
meridian of the sun. The earth shock
commenced at the termination of a
day of abnormal heat. The sun spot
referred to made its appearance No
vember 5 and was the largest observed
Fuel Situation More Promising.
New York.-Continuation of the per
* fstent improvement in industrial con
ditions is indicated by the var'ious bus
iness and financial advices which be
came available during the past week.
Loadings of railroad cars with rev
enue freight show further, gains, both
In local and general merchandise. The
total loadings for the week ending Oc
tober 28 amounted to 1,014,000 cars,
which is only 4.000 cars less than
loadings in the week ending October
15, 1920, whetn the high record for all
time was set. It is clear, furthermore,
than an even larger volume of traffic
might be moved if the transportation
facilitis were available.
Soft coal production has been es
tablished at a level of approximately
10,700,00Ptons a week, and the whole
fuel situation is growing distinctly
easier. Stocks are returning to some
thing like normal proportions and the
sch'edule of shipments to the north
west by way of the great lakes, which
enjoyed priority, has been met.
Turks' Attempt at Coup Feared.
London.-Fear that the Turks are
concentrating their forces at Constan
tinople, planning a sudden coup
against Allied troops and nationals,
was expressed in official circles.
Members of Bonar Law's cabinet
were requested to remain in London
or vicinity over the week-end, ready
to participate in a "'war-sessiOn" if the
startling reports from the Near East
were officially confirmed.
All direct communi~cations5 with Con
antinonle is interrupted.
BUY ADVERTISED GOODS
Advertising benefits the consumer E
-most of all. Advertised goods are -
trade marked to protect the consum- t
er for cuality and quantity. I
Think of the infinite variety of pre- <
pared foods, from which the greater t
part of a wholesome meal may be I
prepared with almost no work for the
Think of the household conveni- t
ences and business conveniences-the 1
time savers in your office or home
-the accessories which make your I
automobile a greater pleasure.
All of these things are rather in
tricate. It would cost a small fortune
to prepare a few of them for private
How do you suppose the man who
first thdught of these things was able I
to make them for you at a price you
could afford to pay?
It was through advertising-of I
course. Advertising organizes co-op- I
erative buying units. The man with I
a new :Jea knows that he can teil .
thousands or millions of people about I
his idea through advertising. He I
knows that the united buying power
of all these people will enable him to
produce his idea in practical form at
a cost which is only a fraction of
what the first article would cost.
One of the best examples of how
this is done is Eskimo Pie. Within
six months after the inventor first
had his idea, everybody in the United
States knew about these delicious new
chocolate covered ice cream bars.
This was a spectacular demonstra
tion of how advertising can bring a
new idea to the whole American pub
lic. But in every advertising success,
the same principle holds true.
But advertising does more than in
troduce new ideas to you. It safe
guards you in the purchase of any
advertised product. You can depend
upon it-nothing can succeed through
advertising unless the article itself
has merit. Advertising a bad product
will make just as many enemies for
that product as advertising a goo'
product will make friends for the
And so, if an article has been wide
ly advertised for a long time, you can
be sure that it is good or te public
would never have supported it. You
know that the advertised and trade
marked product must have a definite
quality-and be fully worth the price.
You can be sure that you get more
real value in an advertised product
for every penny you spend, than you
will in an unadvertised product, be
cause advertising is the cheapest sell
ing method there is.
You know the advantages of co-op
erative buying. You have.heard a lot
about the idea in the last two or three
years. You belong to a co-operative
buying society every time you buy an
advertised product. Read advertising.
Buy advertised prqiacts. It is the
surest way to be certain of satisfac
tion and money's worth.
COPERSA BUY SAYS BABSON
Wellesley Hills, Mass.,. November
18th, 1922. Copper stocks have been
howing more life of late and evid
nce a tendency to act quite independ
ent of the rest of the market. Roger
W. Babson accounts for this change
by calling attention ,to a shift in the
conditions which control the copper
"The copper stocks", says Mr. Bab -
son, "like any others are governed
by a combination of the conditions mn
the security .market and the factors
that control the production andl con
sumption of copper.
"The industry", continues Mr. Bab
son, "is now in a better position than
it has been for the past four years.
In other words, it has taken the in
dustry practically this length of time
t recover from the abnormal pro
ducing conditions and heavy stocks
built up during the war years. Due
to the continuance of heavy stocks
which, at the high point in 1919, a
mounted to over one billion pounds5,
production has been radically curtail
ed Prices have slumped from the
war-time price of 38 cents for electro
lytc copper to a low point of 12 cents
rached about a year ago. The in
dsstry has suffered in the present
period of readjustment to a greater
extent than probably any other im
"The fact that copper in its man
ufactured forms has excellent wear
ing qualities has worked to the dis
advantage of the industry during the
pasttwo or three years. For example
in the case of ammunition abroad, abl
of the shell wvas destroyed except the
copper cartridge. This, as you re
member, was used again and again
and at the end of hostilities, larg
stocks of unused braiss and copper
cartridges \vent for industrial pur
poes. Re-claimed supplies are nowv
gratly diminished so that the demand
for new copper will gradually increa e
from now on.
"Production has been gradually in
creasing since the first of the year.
Production during the war years av
eraed vell over 150 million pounds,
monthly. Compare this with an out-|
put during 1921 averaging under '25
million pounds monthly. In fact, evenj
ieavier than the total United State
>roduction. Productidn at the pres
mnt time is averaging about 85 mil
ion pounds monthly. Exports have
ended to increase and are around 6q
nillion pounds each month. Domesti<
onsumption is alsc increasing so thal
he statistical position of the indus
ry is relatively strong. This doe
iot promise any radical come-bac!
)u? rather that the worst is over anc
hat the long pull outlook is mued
etter than it has been for a numbei
>f years. This change will bring a
)out better profits for the larger
ow-cost copper companies.
"The producing capacity of the in
lustry is still large so that any in
:rease in price tends to stimulate pro
luction. This, in turn, causes thi
narket to weaken. The reason foi
;he slump in most copper stocks a.
-ound the first of November wa4
lear enough. The rate of importa
;ion from South America for a mat
;er of months has been increasing
ur southern neighbor can produc4
tt low cost, much lower than domes
ic companies a fact that has beei
olding the domestic price down
l'heir producing capacity, however, 1
listinctly limited and as demand in
:reases they will no longer set thi
narket. The price of electrolytic cop
per has been fluctuating around 1
:ents for a number of months. De
mand during 1923 should tend t
trengthen the market, altho produc
ion will be sufficiently large to sup
ply this demand. In the event of
good building year in 1923, the de
mand for copper will improve. I
;hould total at least as much as thi
year, and considerably better than i1
1921. The European demand will als
be slightly better. Altho there ar
still various bearish factors in the sit
uation, the, bullish features are o
dominant importance. Hence, I ar
istinctly optimistic for a gradual re
overy in profits.
"I am distinctly bullish," conclude
Mr. Babson," on the stocks of th,
large low-cost producing companies.
General business continues its side
wise movement in spite of the recen
election. The index of the Babson
:hart shows activity 5 per cent belo%
normal. Figures indicate that ca
shortage is the largest ih history.
Everybody meit the train yesterda:
xcept Seph Salls. He's still in .ai
Jim Spriggs is not now with th
contracting company. They mad
Jim mad when they said they did no
need him any longer. So Jim quii
Ed Huggs put several new shin
gles on his barn last month. .
Cal Steppes spent Tuesday ani
orty-five cents in Bugtown last weel
.- got a new horse
shoer. The last one drank wood al
Business is picking up in Rubetowr
Two new drummers came in las
Jim Jones' went to Scrabble las
Jim.Jones returnedl from Scrabbi
Bill Futch bought some stocki
the Castor Oil Mine of Texas. Dor
said he thought it was a good invest
ment for Bill as he needed a lot
The whole town of Raspberry wa
destroyed by fire last Friday. Bot
houses were completely bu; ned.
Si Wilkins lost his bast hcund ha:
wek. Tried to bite a tire on thi
Coca Cola truck while going throug
Rtubetown is fast becoming a mai
uactung center in spite of the rev
John Smith was kicked by his pon
last Monday. The horse doctor say
the pony's foot should be -well in
Another of Ed Brown's girls go
married last week. Ed always wa
A VoI 0h%
The Amateur Poet sometimes Pes1
es Editors so Profusely that the
Weaken and Print his Obituar
Pes and such, but Whenever yo
See 'em in the Paper, you can bet th
Gold Fillings in your Teeth that th
Edito new BeRtter !
TO MEET IN FLORENCE NEIT
Woman's Missionary Union of South
Carolina Adjourns After Three
Columbia.-The Woman's Mission
ary union of the Baptist State conven
I Uon of South Carolina adjourned after
a three-day convention. The 1923
gathering, it was decided, will be held
In Florence. Mrs. J. D. Chapman,
president, and all other executive of
ficers were re-elected with the excep
tion of the corresponding secretary,
Miss Vonnie Lance, of Spartanburg,
being selected to succeed Mrs. Chap,
man, who acted in that capacity dur
Ing the last year.
Other officers of the union are:
Mrs. Edwin Carpenter, vice-presi
dent; Mrs. C. B. Bobo, vice-president
of the northern division; Mrs. E. W.
Masters, president of the northwest
ein division; Mrs. D. W. Alderman,
vice-president of the eastern division;
Mrs. C. M. Scott, vice-president of the
central division; Mrs. T. T. Hyde,
vice-president of the southern divis
ion; Mrs. J. S. Harris, vice-president
of the western division; Miss Jessie
King, treasurer; Miss Bessie Major,
recording secretary; Mrs. George E.
Davis, Y. W. A. and college corres
pondent; Mrs. W. J. Hatcher, superin
tendent "Sunbeams." Miss Azilie Wof
ford, royal ambassador; Mrs. T. P.
Clarkson, mission study; Miss Annie
Ulmer, auditor; Miss Wofford, field
- Miss Pauline white, of Brazil;
t Miss Lora Clement, of China, and
Mrs. H. P. Anderson, also of China,
missionaries, were speakers for the
closing session of the convention.
- Sunday Schools Are Not Neglected.
f Gaffney.-Sunday school work was
I the subject before the Upper South
- Carolina Methodist conference at a
session, which was presided over by
. by Rev. L. F. Beaty, a member of the
conference and chairman of the con
ference board and assistant editor of
the Sunday school literature of the
church. The address of the evening
was made by Dr. J. W. Shackelford,
general Sunday school secretary of
the Methodist Episcopal Church,
r South. He traced the rapid growth of
the Sunday school during recent years
but declared that the forces of evil
working against it were never strong
er than at present. Sixty million peo
ple in the United States are still with
out the church, he said, despite the
Increased interest in church and Sun
day school work. "The church must
e put Christ into the heart of education,"
t he declared.
Three banners were presented to
- the sunday schools attaining certain
standards of excellence. The, banner
gives tW the pastoral charge having
attaind the standard was pre.onted
- to the Limestone church. A banner
-was given to Buford Street church, the
host of the conference, and the ban
ner for the district'~ whose Sunday
school had attained the highest stand
ards of excellence of any district was
presented to Columbia.
tThe Sunday school enrollment of the
Upper South Carolina conference is
52,783 as compared with the aggre
gate church membership of 64,848.
-Physicians Hold District Meeting.
Lancaster.-The semi-annual meet
ing of the Fifth District Medical socie
ty met here. -The society embraces
Lancaster, York, Chester, Fairfield
and Kershaw counties. This meeting
was one of the best yet held. There
t were 48 physicians present and a most
interesting and instructive program
was carried out. The officers are: Dr.
R. G. Hamilton, Winsboro, president;
Dr. S. L. Allen, Lancaster, vice-presi
dent, and Dr. George A. Hennies, Ches
ter, secretary. The following was the
program: Prayer, the Rev. R. W. Jop
ling; address of welcome, R. S. Stew
art; papers, by Dr. W. S. Rankin, of
1Raleigh, N. C.; Dr. J. A. Haype, of Co
lumbia; Dr. W. P. Cornell. of Colum
t bia; Dr. T. C. Bost, of Charlotte; Dr.
SC. A. Mobley, of Orangeburg, and Dr.
C. M. Rakestraw, of Chester.
No Loafers Wanted.
Greenwood. -No loafers wanted is
the theory on which Judge H. H.
Watkins operates in excusing jurors
from duty on the United States court
grand jury, according to an announce
ment made to the grand jury when tle
court convened. "If any of you gen
tlemen have no business or profession
of any sort, the court will excuse yo't1,"
Judge Watkins said.
"There are certain classes excused
from jury duty by law, such as phy
sicians, bank cashiers, etc., and I might
add, those who have no business of
any sort. If you are not worth any
thing as a business man or profession
al man, you are not worth anything on
a jury. The court wants men of af
fairs on its jury. Now, gentlemen. if
any of you have no business and want
to make that excuse, the court will not
require you to serve on the jury." -
Community Fair Held in Edgefleld.
Edgefield. - The women whe comn
pose the Civic league are being warm
ly congratulated over the splendid
success which they made of the com
munity fair which consisted of chrys
anthmumls, roses, ferns, palms. fancy
ywork, canned fruits, preserves, pickles,
Scakes and pastry of all kinds were at
Stractively arranged in the vacant store
e of the hotel building ou long tables.
e where >hey have 1-en viewed by hun
dreds of adme-' ' viitors from Tren
ton, Johnd:t2 r . . as well as
y the 9eople of tlx teWn.
TRIBUTE TO AMERICAN GIRLS
Kipling at His Best Wrote With Com
plate Comprehension of Their
Thirty years ago, Rudyard Kipling
found the American girl above com
pare. In "American Notes" he said of
"Sweet and comely are the maidens
of Devonshire; delicate and of grairous
seeming those who4ive in the p. asant
places of London; fascinating for all
their demureness the damsels of
France clinging closely to their moth
ers, and with large eyes wondering at
the wicked world; excellent in her
own place and to those who under
stand her is the Anglo-Indian 'spin'-in
her second season; but the girls of
America are above and beyond them
all. They are clever; they can talk.
Yea, it is said that they think. They
are instructed in the folly and vanity
of the male mind, for they have asso
ciated with. 'the boys' from boyhob,
and can discerningly minister to both
vices, or pleasantly snub the possessor.
As certain of their own poets have
Man is Are and woman is tow.
And the devil he comes and begins to
"In America the tow is soaked in a
solution that makes It fireproof, in ab
solute liberty and large knowledge;
consequently accidents do not exceed
the - regular percentage arranged by
the devil for each class and climate
under the skies."
SMALL BOY'S PLAN WORKED
Whole Lot Better Than Keeping Con
stant Watch for Marauding Band
One time when Frank Wallace, state
entomologist, was a small boy! says
the Indianapolis Star, his father as
signed him to guard a garden from a
marauding band of chickens from a
neighbor's coop. Frank did not like
the idea of wasting his precious boyish
time on unprincipled chickens and set
his wits to working.
He bored poles through grains of
corn, tied notes to the end of a thread
atached to the grains and set the bait.
The foolish raiders fell for the trick.
Frightened by the fluttering notes a
few Inches from the ends of their bills
and the sensation of the threads in
their throats,'the chickens went fly
Ing home and tore around the yard.
This attracted the owner and the
hickens were caught and notes read.
This Is what they read:
"rve been over to Wallace's this
The next day the same thing oc
curred and this Is what the notes said
"I scratched out Wallace's oniqs
On the third day the notes read:
"Say, now listen: This Is the last
day rm going over to Wallace's and
come back alive."
There was no fourth day to the
story except that the owner of the
chickens and the father of young Wal
lae nearly got into a fight.
Topography of the Air.
Explorations of the air have re
vealed an astonishing definiteness' of
arrangement in its layers, although,
of course, the details are continually
changing. Ley, in England, has di
rected, his studies of floating balloons
to a solution of the question of the
influence of the topography of the
earth's surface on the state of the air
above it. He finds, among other things,
that the disturbances produced by hills
and valleys are transmitted to. an un
expectedly great elevation, affecting
te lower and middle strata through
out. A general effect noticed is that
the velocity of the wind, or of a cur
rent of air, is increased over a hill
and diminished over a valley. It is
thought that similar observations, gen
erlly distributed, would furnish us
with a real topography of the air.
Mont St. Michel Abbey Restored.
.Tourists who visit Mont Saint-Michelk
off the coast of Normandy, will find
the Benedictine abbey which crowns
Its summit restored for worship. As
early as the EIghth century Mont
Sint-Michel, possessed religious as.
sociations, but the present buildings
only date from the Tlrilrteenth to the
Sixteenth century. The height of the
church exceeds the height of the rcock
upon which it5 stands 165 feet, and
the granite of which It Is built was
brought by boat from the- Isles of
Chausey and hoisted up the steep side
of the hill. Since 1874 the Mont has
been under the care of architects -ap
pointed by the Ministry des Beaux
Arts, and by their research and res
toration the abbey fortress now ap
pears in almost its former grandeur.
Frozen Eggs All Right.
Frozen oggs are good eggs. So con
cludes S. K. Robinson of Chicago af
ter finding that microscopic examina
tion, freezing test, incubation, shaking
test, and effect of air and light tests
were met as well by the solidified as
by the fresh egg. He declares that
fine mayonnaise dressing which held
well In a warm room for 30 days had
been made from the refrIgerated
Unless Humanity Changes.
"Do you think that the troubles he
tween capital and labor will ever be
permanently adjusted ?"
I"I don't kinow," replied Se'nator Sor-*
ghum. "I'm afraid there will alwa:ys
e eople who want work without pay
Ing for it and other people who will
nt pay without working for it."
In accordance to law, the tax books
Aill open on October 15th for col
ection of taxes and remains open to
December 31st without penzlty-; and
or the month of January one per cent
n delinquents; for the month of Feb
uary one per. cent additional on de
linquents; and for 15 days in March,
st to 15th, five per cent additional
)n delinquents; on all real and per
State purposes 7
rdinary county 25W
Constitutional school 3
Special Tax for Schools
District No. 1 6
District No. 2 8
District No. 3-.6
District No. 4
District No. 5
District No. 6
District No. 7
District No. .
District No. 9
District No. 10
District No. 11 %
District No. 19
District No. 136
District No. 141
District No. 15 13
District No. 16 10
District No. 17- 8
District No. 18 - - 12
District No. 19 __
District No. 20 - 7
District No. 21
District No. ?? 7
District No. 27
Disrict No. 24
D 'et No. 28
District No. 27___ .---10
District No. 28g ___6
District No. 29.
District No. 30 8
District No. 31 8
District No. 39 7
District No. 33 4
District No. 34- 10
In addition to the above taxes, the
following districts have special lev
ies for bonds, as follows:
District No. 13 2 mills
District No. 14 -5 mills
District No. 16 -5 mills
District No. 34 8% mills
District No. 11 (road)-7% mills
Also one ($1.00) dollar poll tax on
all male citizens fromj% the age of 21
to 60 years old; alsi a commutation
road tax of $3.00 on all. citizens be
tween the ages of 18 and 55 years,
except duly ordained ministers and
teachers actually engaged in school
work, and payable from Oct. 15th,
1922, to March 15th, 192; also a cap
itation tax of $1.25 on all dogs, pay
able only during the month of'Jan
Office will be kept open during le
gai hours for the collecteon of same
A. -LEE SCRUGGS,
Treasurer of Fairfield County.
U ~ . a
Giv. aCaint f
- iv Cabinet of Sainr w i
the name and address of*
the one to receive ite
eadsh notehead and
ope. This makes a wonder
ful gift or prize and is notI
IThese Cabinets contain i
250 Letterheads and 250 U
Envelopes to match. There .
are sizes for men and worn- U .
en and styles for personal, U
professional and business*
3This is anew idea. See3
one of these Cabinets be.. U
fore you select your gift.
*We have an unusually well *
U selectdline of U
Personal Greeting Cards "
H. B. CROWSONI
Winnsboro, S. C.