Newspaper Page Text
The News and Herald.
WINNSBORO, S. C.
P. M. DEES
Editor and Publisher
Entered in the post office at Winns
boro, S. C., as second class mail mat
$2.oo PER YEAR IN ADVANCE
HELPING DEFEAT THE WEEVIL
Much is being said all over the
State about a co-operative drive a
gainst the boll weevil. Counties are
being laid off in districts and speak
ers and demonstrator s obtained to
carry home the importance of this
move. Much good will be accomplish
ed. But, in addition to that, we want
to make a suggestion that is not the
most important work in connection
with this work; first things should
come first, and there is a prime ne
cessity which should be considered,
the upbuilding of the soil-the
"ground-work" of the campaign, ro
We are not a farmer or a demon
strator, and yet we are confident that
we have an insight into this problem
and its solution. This conclusion ha3
come from reading, discussion with
experts, and observation of result
of experiments. There were good
crops made in this county by some
farmers this year, and we do not go
so far as to say that'all the good far
mers made crops, nor all the failures
came from the efforts of poor far
mers. The same condition has been
noted in other sections of the State.
But wherever it.was that good crops
were made, there was one common
thing involved, these farmers had
been building their soil, or at least
putting back as much as they took
out, and had practiced rotation with
crobs that tended to increase rapid
growth and productivity. In other
words his success is not the result
of what he has done after, but what
he did BEFORE THE WEEVIL
CAME. Since that time he has only
been carrying on what was already
Another thing we have observed,
and that is successes with cotton are
now obtained by big farmers, those
who command large forces of labor,
reserve stock, modern implements,
and reserve cash-those who could
afford to let their land rest over a
season from a money crop with a soil
builder, and mostly, but in not all
cases, those who inherited their real
or r ityofi an-did not have
to farm it to death to pay Yur it at
the same time they were making a
living. But the man who is callel
the small farmer has spent his life
paying for a piece of land; while ov
er that out of its same fruits he had
to live; and naturally as the further
he went the greater would be his loss
if he failed, he could not take chance
in soil building, but had to dig out
of it every year enough to satisfy
the demands of his creditors. Now
he has to pay again for being forc
ed to extract yearly every ounce of
productivity in order to dleliver so)
many pounds of lint cotton to be ap
plied on the purchase price of his
land. Now in order to cope with a
serious situation, he has to do after
the weevil came what the rich man
could afford to do before the weev'l
came. At the first declaration of
War between England and Germany
some farsighted statesmen went up
and down the land preaching "Pre
paredness", but the admonition being
indifferently neglected, we had to
raise and train an army after the
United States entered the conflict.
The small farmer could not prepare
because he had that debt which ha~d
to be paid every year. He could not
afford to experiment.
What is to become of him ? We
assert and defy contradliction that
the small property holders, collective
ly, are the backbone of America.
They are the foundation of our eco
nomic structure. Did you ever see
the concrete of a building foundation
made of huge stones, with big gaps
and vacant places between the meet
ing points ? The material is small
-rocks of uniform size, with the great
est overlapping of contact. In
wall, the bricks are laid with over
lapping joints. The whole assembling
may be lifted up, but it takes unde
lieveable pressure to crush it down:
one or even many brick or stone may
be removed anti its removal will
scarcely even alter the appearance of
the structure. Suppose a building
were made of mammoth stones. How
many could be taken out without the~
whole thing falling ? So it is in a
community. Divide one section of
10,000 acres among one hundred far
mers, and another of like size amon~g
10 farmers, then let adversity of an:y
nature come and see which becomes
This small farmer needs help. He
needs strong medicine-financial help.
not advice. He needs to build up his
land so that it will produce early be
fore the big weevil damage. But hosv
is he to live while doing it ? The
State of South Carolina has a bad
case of boll weevil boils. Poisoning
and picking up squares and sprays
and conjures are local antiseptics.
She has got to tone up the condition
of her soil. When she does that all
these little sores can never become
an organic affliction but can be held
as only a local rash. But how can
it be done ?
Let's tear a.leaf out of Uncle Sam's
book. At the outbreak of the War
the greatest need was for ships.
Many conractors agreed to buili
ships if the government would lend
them the money to buy equipment.
Ships were built under government.
inspection to overflowing the deman.
The money loaned was rapid, and the
contractors then made their profit.
Can not the State of South Carolina
make an appropriation, or private
capital be incorporated, for advanciing
yearly to small land-owning farme.3
the money necessary to live and raisu
the productivity of his land. The far
mer will make application for this
aid in the same manner as to the Fel.
eral Land Bank, pledging as security,
his equity in the land. Until his lan.!
is in condition to make cotton success
fully he is to work under the direc
tion of an agent of the State, who
shall tell him what crops to plant and
how to cultivate them in order to
make a living and at the same time
raise the value of his land. Beginn
ing with the fourth year the farmer
must begin to repay the loan, and
he will then be in better shape to pay
back the money-to carry the double
load-than he now is to make only a
living and pay taxes.
Is South Carolina to become bank
rupt because of the weevil? Is land
which heretofore made large returns
to be confiscated for taxes, with no
bidders? All investment values are
based on earning capacity, and no
body wants an investment with no
dividends. Most emphatically, No'
South Carolina will get out of thi,
financial predicament, but the welfare
of her common, everyday, working
farmers must be protected. They
have been our pillars of strength, and
on them still must be the weight of
OUR NEW ROAD SYSTEM
Whether or not the people-of Fair
field realized the full significance of
their action when they voted five
hundred thousand dollars for build
ing roads is a question. Of course..
the result that was ever in mind was
their own benefit. However, wh..i
the Chamber of Commerce of a, neigh
boring city prepares a banque.t to cei-.
brate progress in Fairfield county,
it brings to our mind more emphati
ally that just as we are progressive
so are we advancing the welfare of
the whole State; and just as we are
ltraconservative and do-nothing,
just so do we retard the advance of
progress among our neighbors. One
ullard in school can lower the stand
ard, one miser with the balance of
power in a community can tie up all
civic activities, and one county by its
bad roads can send traffic hundreds
of miles out of the way.
Twelve miles in Fairfield county,
out of the highway from Columbia to
Charlotte has been sending tourists
out of the direct route, around by
Camden and Lancaster-around theiri
elbow to get to their thumb. Can one
imagine the feelings of Rock Hill.
Chester and other towns above here,
when their work and expenditures to
attract this travel was for naught be
cause Fairfield county's roads were
impassible except at certain seasons?
Of course they had reason for rejoic
ing andl celebrating when we took this
step and completed the course. Our
bond issue and the completion of this
road will effect not only ourselves
and our neighbors, but will shorten
the distance from Maine to Floridai,
thereby becoming a benefit to every
autoist who ridles the road.
All persons, without regard to
color are hereby notified and
warned not to hunt, fish, cut
timber or otherwise trespass on
any of the lands or property
owned or controlled by any of
the undersigned without written
permission from the undersign
ed or their duly appointed mana
ger of said lands or farms.
Any person who shall violate
the terms of this notice will be
prosecuted under the laws of
this State in such case made and
Southern Power Co.
Wateree Power Co.
Great Falls Farms Co.
Wateree Farms Co.
The only thing some people evei
do in their life worth telling is their
newspaper funeral notice.
FOR SALE-A nice lot and house iro
Winnsboro. Also a farm of 130
acres. One mile from the heart of
Winnsboro. See J. L. or J. R. Cath
T0 DUIL. 100 NEW -HUSES
Lockhart Wills Plan Expansion; Will
Operate Full Force, Day
Chester.-The second announcement
of a large textile expansion in this sec
tion within a few weeks' time is that
the Monarch-Lockhart mill, at Lock
hart, 19 miles west of Chester, is
to Increase the present working force
in the daytime and make it possible
to operate all the plant at night in
stead of only a small part of it, as
heretofore, by- erecting 100 new resi
dences. This will bing 150 additional
operatives to these mills and increase
the population of Lockhart to 2,000.
The other textile development is the
$1,500,000-loom plant, No. 3 mill of
the Republic cotton mills at Great
Falls, on which construction will com
mence at once.
- Since the completion of the power
plant at Lockhart it has made hydro
electric power plentiful and motors
have been installed in all parts of the
Monarch-Lockhart mills and the en
tire plant is now driven by electricity,
which gives more satisfaction In every
way. The use of water power at the
mills is now discontinued. The new
power plant has a maximum capacity
of 15,000 horsepower.
The Monarch-Lockhart mills, under
the splendid management of J. Roy
Pant, who is secretary and assistant
treasurer, in recent years has made re
Lockhart mills were built 27 ycars
ago, there first being one mill. Ten
years later the second mill was built,
1ti capital stock prior to recent mer
ger Wiith Monarch mills of Union, be
ing $1,300,000.. In January, 1918, the
Lockhart and the Monarch mills were
mr d and the name now is Monarch
"art mills. The older mill has an
equipment of 32,000 spindles and 900
looms, and the second mill 25,000 spin
dloa and 800 Toomg. One plant manu
fa=teres print cloths and the other
shedngs. Annually the two mills at
LQckhart consume 10,000 bales of cot
ton, and t.le total annual output of
cloth in ,y-rds is 1.900,000. The Lock
hart mlllqipploys 600 persons, attd the
average weekly pay roll is $6,500.
Bapiist Association in Convention.
Darlin ton.-The annual meeting of
the Weish Neck association took place
last week and the usual interesting e&
ition was enjoyed by all. This is a
aptagst i'ganisation, and it has a long
and honorable record, being numbered
among the strongest and best of thes
numerous religious gatherings.
lington -sent the usual strong delega
tion, among these being Mr. and Mrs.
George B. Brasington, Mr. and Mrs.
B. 0. Bristow, Mr. and Mrs. F. Z. Mo
Gill, Mrs. A. N. Young, Mrs. Y. T.
Langston, Dr. A. M. Hill, J. B. Ed
ards and Dr. P. A. Bethea. Rev.
W. Putney and the Rev. G. P.
e will be ex-officio chairman ot
eag delegation, one from the First
Baptist church and the other from the
Central 'Baptist church. The meeting
this year will be at Mt. Elton church,
near Lydia, and the country friends
have made these gatherings exceed.
Iingly pleasant always.
Sun Time Must Rule In Greenwood,
Greenwood. -~ How the 85,000 and
more people of Greenwood and Green.
ood county tell the time of day is a
matter that is puzzling County Auditor
3'oe Lake, whose annual abstract
shows that only 46 gold or slve!
watches were being returned for tax.
ation in 1922. In 1921 93 gold watches
were returned for taxation, the past
year having shown a decrease -of 47.
With only one watch to every 750
souls, the county auditor wonders that
they ever catch trains on time.
Other interesting facts are shown by
the auditor's abstract. In spite ol
the depression, automobiles increased
by over 100 in Greenwood last year, 2,'
126 having been returned for taxation.
'he assessed valuation of property
was 'educed In Greenwood $669,517 in
thei past year. The lowt~ered tax rate
and the reduction in the assessment
saved the tax-pa~yers of the county
$128,266.54. The assessed valuation of
property in Greenwood was $10,343,113
last year, and the total amount of
taxes levied amounted to $353,883.06.
May Change Highway.
Greenvlle.-A movement is now on
foot which may change the present
route of the state highway between
Greenville and Easley to a road pass
ing out of the city through the Judson
mill community and taking a straight
course to Easley. It was learned
through Joseph R. B:'yson, secretary
of the county delegation, who has re
ceved' a letter from State Highway
Engineer Moorefield, indorsing the
proposed change. The matter hat
been under discussion at meetings of
the delegation and it was informally
agreed that such a change of route
would be available if the cost was
Depot at Mats Bluff Entered.
Florence.-Robbers broke into the
depot at Mars Bluff, blew open the Iror
safe and cleaned o1:t its contents. tak
Ing $6,000 in mortgages. $500 in Lib
arty bonds and about $50 in oash, the
money being the cash receipts for the
day of the Atlantic Coast Line's agen
cy, but the mortgages and bonds be
longing to the agent. No trace of the
robbers could be found by officers
wh in-;;-stigated the looting. A pile
-. :; was round near the depot
and 3 ;&ievd that robbers burned
the mw -ou there.
RED CROSS HEALS
WOUNDS OF WAR
25,000 Disabled Ex-Service Men
in Hospitals After Four
Years of Peace.
CHAPTERS' FIELD OF SERVICE
Every Veteran Needing Help Gets
Individual Attention of Sym
When on November 11 the world
halts to observe the fourth anniver
sary of Armistice Day, and the Ameri
can Red Cross inaugurates its Annual
Rloll Call for the enrollment of the
1923 membership, the people of the
United States may well pause to think
of the unparalleled contribution to the
cause of peace made by our Army and
Navy in the World War. The glory of
it is a common tradition; but the
wounds of war remain. They are not,
healed in a day. In a year, nor in four
years. And i i Armistice Day there
will be under treatment in Government
hospitals over 25,04) ex-service men,
broken- physically by wounds, expo
sure, nervous strain and exhaustion
incident to their service in the war.
The Government without stint is un
dertaking to furnish tnese disabled
men with the compensation and med
ical care to which they are entitled,
yet their especial care Is a duty of the
Red Cross. Why? Because the Gov
ernment cannot handle the cases of;
ex-service men Individually; it must
handle these men in bulk under a
standardized policy. The Government
has neither the authority, the -funds,
or the equipment for working out the
problem of the Individual man. There
is where the American Red Cross
finds its greatest field for service, aid
ing through its very active Chapters
in reaching the disabled man with im
mediate practical help, assisting his
family while his claim is emerging from
the process of adjustment, furnishing
articles of comfort, funds to tide over:
the difficult periods, the friendly touch
of personal encouragement, helpful
recreation and worry-dispelling amuse
ment. It is the warm hand of sym
pathy and understanding which the
American Red Cross extends to the
majority of these disabled ex-service
men, some of them friendless in the
wbirl of life, thousands of them with
wives and children dependent upon
them, and hundreds of them frequent
ly helpless in the face of grim ne
2,679 Chapters Aiding Veterans
w In this work, upon whose accom
plishment the American Red Cross Is
urging a record-breaking enrollment in
the Roll Call which opens on Armis
tice Day and closes with Thadlksgiv
Ing Day, 2,679 Chapters in all parts of
the ,atry are engaged. This is 350
more than were working for ex-service
men last year when approximately
$10,000,000 was expended by the Na
tional Organization and the Chapters
working together in harmonious unity.
For the current fiscal year National
Headquarters appropriated $3,030,
692.90, s'n increase of -$365,560.84 over
the amount spent for the work among
ex-service men in the year ended June
30 last. Since it is estimated that the
Chapters will expend close to $7,000,
000 from their own funds, the grand
total of Red Cross expenditures for
this single work !s expected again to
reach the $10,000,000 mark by June 30,
Hospital and District Office Work
During the fiscal year a total of over
1,000 persons, paid and volunteer, has
been engaged in [Red Cross duty in
hospitals or district offices of the U. S.
Veterans' Bureau. An average of 8,000
new cases requires definite and par
ticular attention each month. The de
mand fer Chapter-made articles for
hospital patients is constant.
Durhing last year Service Claims and
Information Service at National Head
quarters handled 37,200 compensation
and insurance claims, 24,560 allotment
and allowance cases, and 9,700 miscel
laneous claims. Since February, 1919.
it has disposed of 64,174 allotment
checks payable to veterans which the
Post Office Department reported unde
The Chapter is the unit of the Red
Cross organization which is accessible
to every dIsabled veteran or his fam
iy. Between July 1, 1921, and June 30,
1922, the Chapters had reported 1,665,
079 instances of service to ex-service
men and their dependents, at a cost
estimated from report now at hand of
more than $5,340.000.
The basis of tis famr-reaching work
of the Red Crass is the individual
needs of the ~Isabled veteran to the
end that he mn: y obtain his rights un
der the law, . dat his espectal wants
may bim dliately supplied, that his
own and his fa nily's situation may be
rendered ha! py and cheerful, and that
their outlock for the future may
visualize Incenitives for independent
and fruitful effort.
Spread Christmas Joy Abroad
More than 100,000 Christmna; boxes
for the children of Central Europe
were packed by the Junior Red Cross
last year. The spread of Christmas
joy through these boxes will be largely
increased this year because of the
pns already under way.
Your Peace-Time "Bit"
Not "all1 you can." but your "blt,"
1. malw~ for strenztn of thet Ameirl
an fle crs in peace~-timec s'rvice'
Freng.z ;n rouhers multipliec serv
ice. Join :oda~y.
In accordance to law, the tax books
will open on October 15th for col
lection of taxes and remains open to
December 31st without penalty, and
for the month of January one per cent
on delinquents; for the month of Feb
ruary one per cent additional on de
linquents; and for 15 days in March,
1st to 15th, five per cent additional
on delinquents; on all real and per
State purposes ..... ...
Ordinary county .
Special county .
Constitutional school ....
Special Tax for Schools
District No. 1. ... 6
District No. 2...................... ... 6
District No. 6.......
District No. 7............. -----.
District No. 6
District No. 9........
District No. 1..............
District No. ........
District No. 15 ...........i... .1
District No. 17.......... ...
District No. 18 ......... .
District No. ..
District No. 15........ . ..........
District No. ..................-...-8
D istrict N o. 17 ................................_..... ..98
District No. 28......
District No. 19.._....... -6
1District No. 31....
District No. 33
District No. 19....-..... -_ ....2
District No. 20........-- ..__. _.-..
District No. 1............__.... _... _.... _6 .
District No. 2...- ........ -................. 7
District No. 2. .
District No. 24............ ....... .. ..
District No. 36.................. -........ ...m.2
District No. 11(oa)..
Als adon ($100 tolarol tax one
aslltralecictis No.e ae2
te o r od; als : comt t
District No.mil t
Disrit o.127- - -._ .............1
road tax of $3.00 on all citizens be
tween the ages of 18 and 55 years,
28....... .. S..-. _.
29 . _ ................ ......
In ddtio t thaoenaxs, te
foloin dstics av pecial$ev
iesfo bnd, a fllws ofcr
Disrit o.13 ......._.p-.....t l ls
Dit ictN .1.....-- ...-.5 m ls
Ditit o 6.............. _...W i lls
,xcept duly ordained ministers and
eachers actually engaged in school
work, and payable from Oct. 15th,
.922, to March 15th, 1923; also a cap
tation tax of $1.25 on all dogs,.pay
Lble only during the month of Jan
Office will be kept cpen during le
rai hours for the collection of samew
A. LEE SCRUGGS,
Treasurer of Fairfield County.
Notice is hereby given that the un
lersigned intends to file with Honor
Lble W. Banks Dove, Secretary of
state, on December 2nd, 1922, a Dec
aration for a charter for a corpora
ion under the name of "Shivar
springs, Incorporated," which propos- -
d corporation is to have its principal
)lace of business at Shelton, South
,arolina. The general nature of th.
>usiness which it proposes to do- is
he production and sale of Shivar
prings mineral water and other mn
ral water and 'Waters; the manufac
;ure and sale of Shivar Springs gin.,
-er ale and other ginger ales and soff
Irinks of all kinds, and soda water
syrups of all kipds in bottles and in
>ulk; to own or otherwise acquire ho
;els. cott9Tes, boarding houses and
>lace' of amusement and to conduct
>r operAte the same; to conduct and
1o general merchandise or mercantile
)usiness; and to do all other things
neident or necessary to the success
ul conduct or operation of all above
natters set forth; buy and sell real
state and do all other things inci
ient or necessary to the buying and.
-;elling of real estate. The capital
;tock of the proposed corporation to,
>e Fifty Thousand Dollars, divided in
o five hundred shares of the par
ralue of One Hundred Dollars each.
[he undersigned, Mrs. Ida S. Shivar,
-esides at Shelton, S. C., and John D.
acobs resides in the City of Atlants,
'ulton County, State of Georgia. No-'
ice is also given that a meeting of
he subscribers to the capital stock
f said company v. ill be held at the
ffice of John K. IKamblin, Attorney,
.nion. S. C.. on Saturday, December
th 1922. .t 12 o'clock noon, for the
urpose of organizing the Company.
Lnd election of directors.
John D. Jacobs,
Mrs. Ida. S. SNvar.
helton, S. C. October 27th, 1922. --
ith electric start
ting system, de
~s all around-the
,at the new low
t motor car value
Buy now. Terms.
1 Motor Co.