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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, October 12, 1881, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1881-10-12/ed-1/seq-1/

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SB or 1 ' i i 1 i i v
PBr &JL IL' 14J 1
gpsi^. ? J38g -??^r ? M
jj WEEKLY EDITION. ^ OCTOBER 12, 1681.
I THE BLACK ROBE.
BY "WILKIE COLLINS.
to ?AUTHOR OF?
"THE WOMAX IX WHITE," " THE 1IOOX0TOXE,"
" AFTER DARK," "XO XAilE,"
" MAX ASD "WIFE," "THE LAW AXD
K THE LlADT," "THEXEWiUGgj|
PA LEX," ETC., ETC.
CHAPTER IV.?FATHER BEX WELL HITS.
Art has its trials as well as its triK
amphs. It is powerless to assert itself
against the sordid interests of every-dar
lifp. Tna err^ah^ai. nnnlr avpt Tsrifctfln.
I the finest picture ever painted, appeals
in vain to minds preoccupied by selfish
and secret cares. On entering Lord
Loring's gallery Father Benwell fonnd
but one person who was not looking at
the pictures under false pretenses.
Innocent of all suspicion of the conflicting
interests whoso struggle now
centered in himself, Bomayne was carefully
studying the pictures which had
been made the pretext for inviting
him to the house. He had bowed to
Stella, with a tranquil admiration of her
beauty; he had shaken hands with Penrose,
and had said some kind words to
his future secretary?and then he had
turned to the picture, as i i Stella and
\ Penrose had ceased from that moment
to occupy his mind.
"In your place," he said, quietly,
I to Lord Loring, "I should not buy this
work."
" Why not?"
"It seems to me to have "the serious
defect of the modem English school of
[painting. A total want of thought in
the rendering of the subject, disguised
under dexterous technical tricks of the
brush. When you have seen one of
that man's pictures, you have seen all.
He manufactures?he doesn't paint."
Father Ben well came in while Bonayne
was speaking. He went through !
the ceremony of introduction to the
master of Yange Abbey with perfect
M politeness, but a little absently. His
K mind was bent on putting his suspicion
A of Stella to the test of confirmation.
B Not waiting to be presented, he turned
I _to her with the air of fatherly interest
and chastened admiration which he
A well knew how to assume in his inter
I'juurse wiui wymea. i
"ilay I ask if you agree with Mr.
Eornayne's estimate of the picture," he
jaid, in his gentlest tones.
| She had heard of him and his position
in the house. It was quite needbess
for Lady Loring to whisper to her,
"Father Benwell, my dear P Her antipathy
identified him as readily as her
jympathy might have identified a man
who had produced a favorable impression
on her. "I have no pretention to
be a critic," she answered, with frigid
politeness. "I only know what I personally
like or dislike."
The reply exactly answered Father
BenwelTs purpose. It diverted Ko
JLIO ?> itUCAidVii xxviu iuuko ^vuvuv w
Stella. The priest had secured Ms opportunity
of reading their faces while
they were looking at each other.
"I think yon have just stated the
true motive for all criticism," Eomayne
said to Stella. " Whether we only express
our opinions of pictures or books
in the course of conversation, or whether
fwe assert them at full length, with all
^ f\? -rv>nr?f. TTA oro TOO 11TT
IJL1U iiUlXiUXiVJ K/JL jyiiMVj M?.?W
peaking, in- either case, of what peronally
pleases or repels us. My poor
pinion of that picture means that it
ays nothing to me. Does it say anyhinc
to yon ?'
i He smiled gently as lie put the queslon
to her; but there was no betrayal
emotion in his eyes or in his voice.
Klieved of anxiety, so far as Bomayne
Ws concerned, Father Benwell looked
Bteila.
Steadily as she controlled herself, the
fcfession of her heart's secret found its
v into her face. The coldly composhad
confronted the
Hist when she spoke to him melted
Br softly under the influence ofBoBne's
voice and Bomayne's look.
Biout any positive change of color
Kelicate skin glowed faintly, as if it
Rome animating inner warmth. Her
H and lips brightened with a new
Hty ; her frail, elegant figure seemOftensibly
to strengthen and expand,
Hie leaf of a flower under a favorHnny
air. "When she answered Bo
I (agreeing witiilum, it is neediess
there was a tender persuasiveher
tones, shyly inviting him
speak to her and still to'look at
lich would in itself have told
[Benwell the truth, even if he
fc been in a position to see he?
Confirmed in his doubts of her
ed with concealed suspicion at
Loring next. Sympathy with
ras tindisguisccllj expressed to
Eic honest blue eyes of Stella's
kriendfccussion
on the subject of the
&te picture was resumed by
Wng, who thought the opinions
Bj-ne and Stella needlessly
Rady Loring, as usual, agreed
Husband. While the general
R^as occupied in this way,
HTwell said a word to Penrose?
silent listener to the disBgtt
seen the famous portrait
gpLad'v Loring, by Gains5$'
asked. Without waiting
Swa took Penrose by the arm
M way to the picture, which
Hf Jkial merit, under present
H*-^Bof hanging at the other
BYi R like Romayne?" Fathei
V Bt question in lovr pereinpKjT
flgKentiy impatient for a
By me already," said PenV
kks so ill and so sad, and
_j| |) kindly?"
^kther L en well interH
has produced n favorRyon.
Let ns get on
BLl'oii Tnust produces
|& on Eomayne."
HI to m^he myself
Rhom I liko," lie
Bn succeed. TLey
Rford that I was
Beat is against me.
He of yoni social
j advantages, Father!"
"Leave it to me, son. Are they still
j talking about- the picture?"
! " Yes."
"I have something more to say to
! you. Have yen noticed the young
j laJy?*
"I thought her beautiful?h"t she
J looks a little cold."
Father Bcnwell smiled.
J " When you aro as old as I am," he
j said, " you will not believe in appearj
ances vrhera women aro concerned. Do
| you know what I think of her? Beautij
fni if tou like?and dangerous as welL3
! "Dangerous? In what wav?"
! " This is for your private ear, Arthur.
She is ia lore with Romayne. "Wait a
; minute. And Lady Loiing?unless I
| am entirely mistaken in what I obj
served?knows it and favors it. The
beautiful Stella may be the destruction
j of all our hopes, unless we keep
i Ecmayne out of her way."
Tbese words were whispered with an j
earnestness and agitation which sur- j
prised Penrose. His superior's equanimity
was not easily overthrown.
" Are ycu sure, Father, of what you
say?" he asked.
" I am quite sure, or I would not have
sookon."
J _
"Do you think Air. Komayne retuma !
the feeling?"
"Not yet, luckily. You must use j
your fh-st friendly influence over him? j
j what is her name? Her surname, I I
mean."
"Eyrecourt. Miss Stella Eyrecourt." j
"Very well. You must use your in- |
fluence (when you are quite sure that it i
is an influence) to keep Mr. Eomayne j
away from Miss Eyrecourt."
Penrose looked embarrassed.
"Iam afraid I should scarcely know
Low to do that," lie said. "But I should
naturally, as his assistant, encourage
him to keep to his studies."
"Whatever Arthur's superior might !
privately think of Arthur's reply, ho received
it with outward indulgence.
"That trill come to the same thing,"he
said. " Besides, when I get the information
I want?this is strictly between
ourselves?I may be of some vse in
placing obstacles in ihe ladj's way."
Penrose started. "Information!" he
repeated. "What information?"
" Tell me something before I answer
you," said Father Ben well. " How old
do you take Miss Eyrecourt to be?"
" I am not a good judge in such matters.
Between twenty a^d twenty-five,
perhaps?"
" We will take her age at that esti
mate, Arthur, in former years I nave
had opportunities of studying women's
characters in the confessional. Can you
guess what my experience tells me of
]\Iiss 'Eyrecoui-t?"
"No, indeedl"
"A lady is not in love for the first
time, when she is between twenty and
twenty-five years old?that is my experience,"
said Father Benwell. " If I
can find a person capable of informing
me, I may make some valuable discoveries
in the earlier history of Miss
Eyrecourt's life. No more, now. We
Jtrnd better return to our inenos."
CHAPTER V.?rATHEiv Drbrrrraij irrss??i. ?
The group before the picture -which
had been the subject of dispute was
broken up. In ono part of the gallery
Lady Loring and Stella were whispering
together on a sofa. In another part
Lord Loring was speaking privately to
Bomayne.
"Do you think you will like Mr.
Penrose ?" his lordship asked.
" Yes?so far as I can tell at present.
He seems to be modest, and intelligent."
"You are looking ill, my dea?
Bomayne. Have you again heard the
voice that haunt? you ?"
Bomayne answered with evident reluctance.
"I don't know why," he
said, " but the dread of hearing it again
has oppressed me all this morning. To
tell you the truth I came hero in the
hope that the change might relieve
me.
" Has it done so ?'
_ , ..
"Doesn't that suggest, my friend,
that a greater chaDge might bo of use
to you?"
" Don't ask me about it, Loring I 7
can go through my ordeal?but 1 hate
speaking of it."
?T -.1CT r*f C/vm^fTllTl t*
JLiCU Hi* VA V-WWJ
then," said Lord Loring. "What do
you think of Miss Eyrecourt ?"
"A very striking face; full of expression
and character. Leonardo
would have painted a noble portrait of
her. But there is something in her
manner?" He stopped, unwilling or
unable to finish the sentence.
"Something you don't like?" Lord
Loring suggested.
"No; something I don't quite understand.
One doesn't expect to find any
embarrassment in the manner of a wellbred
woraan. And yet she seemed to be
embarrassed -when she spoke to me.
Perhaps I produced an unfortunate impression
on her."
Lord Loring laughed.
" In any man but yon, Eomayne, I
should call that affectation." <
"Why?' Eomayne asked, sharply.
Lord Loring looked unfeignedly surprised.
"My dear fellow, do you really think
you are the sort of a man who impresses
a women tin favorably at first sight?
For once in your life indulge in the
amiable weakness of doing yourself
justice, and find a better reason for
Miss Eyrecourt's embarrassment."
For the first time since he and his
friend had been talking together
Romayne turned toward Stella. He
innocently caught her in the act of
looking at him. A younger woman, or
a woman of weaker character, would
have looked away again. Stella's noble
; head dropped; her eyes sank slowly
until thev rested on her long white
hands crossed upon her lap. For a
T'r.mmo ]nnlcf il at, liftT I
I ??XKJXA.X\ZXJ. V Ilivxv jLWVUkv^'iiw AWX.N'V.
i with steady attention. He roused him- j
j self, and spoke to Lord Loring in low-'
! cred tones.
" Have yon Known Miss nyreeourt for !
! a long time?"
j " She is my wife's oldest and dearest j
i friend. I think, Romayue, yon wonld i
. feel interested in Stella, if von saw :
more of her."
!
Ivomajne bowed in silent submission '
! to Lord Lonng's prophetic remark.
" Let us look at the pictures," he i
said, quietly. |
As he moved down the gallery the ;
! two priests met him. Father Benwell j
! saw his opportunity of helping Penrose
! to produce a favorable impression,
j "Forgive the curiosity of an old student,
Mr. Eomayne," be said, in his
pleasant, cheerful way. " Lord Loring
tells rae yon Lave sent to the country
for your books. Do you find a London
j hotel favorable to study?"
i "It is a verr oui^t hotel," Romavne
; answered; "and the people know mj
I TT-s-vc " TIg tri Arflmi' " T
inv own set of rooms. Mr. Penrose," lie
continued, with a room at your disposal.
The solitude of my house in the country
is distasteful to ice. There arc times
when I want to see the life in tho streets
as a relief. Though wo are :u a hotel,
I can promise that you will not be
troubled by interruptions, when you
kindly lend mc the use of your pen."
Father Benwcll answered before PenI
rose could speak :
" You may perhaps find my young
friend's memory of some use to you,
Mr. Eomayne, as well as his pen. Penrose
has studied in the Vatican library.
If your reading leads you that way he j
knows more than most men of the rare i
old manuscripts which treat of tho
early history of Christianity."
This delicately-managed rc-ference to
Eomayne's projected work on "The Origin
of Pveligions" produced its effect.
<rr. i _.l i.l _ . 3 T>__
.no cecame msiaauj mier;;s:;ea la i cnrose
and his ?tudies.
"I should like very much to speak to
yon about- those manuscripts," ho said.
" Copies of some of them nay, perhaps, j
be in the British museum. Is it asking j
too much to inquire if you are disengaged
this morning ?"
" I am entirely at your sen-ice, Mr.
Komayne."
"If you will kindly call at my hotel,
in an hour's time, I shall have looked
over my notes, and shall bo ready for
you with a list of title:; and dates*
Thero is the address."
VYT* 2.1. it. ~ 1. ^ - ,1 1 i. _ A_ t_ ^
Willi muse ?orus up au.va.uceu. 10 tane
his leave of Lady Loring and Stella.
Father Benwell was a man possessed
of extraordinary power of foresight?
but he was not infallible. Seeing that
Romayr.o was on the point of leaving
the house, and feeling that he had paved
the way successfully for Bomayne's
amanuensis, ho too readily assumed
that there was nothing further to be
gained by remaining in the gallery. In
arriving at this conclusion he wa3 additionally
influenced by private and personal
considerations. The interval before
Penrose called at the hotel might
be usefully filled up by some wise ,
words of advice, relating to the religious
uses to which he might turn his inter
course with Romayne, when hehadsuf- |
ficiently established himself in the con- :
lidence of his employer. There migh^ 1
no doubt, be future opportunities for i
accomplishing this object, biit Father .
Benwell was not a man to trust too im- !
plicitly in the future. The present oc- '
casion was, in respect of its certainty, <
tlie occasion that he preferred. Making i
one of his ready and plausible excuses, I
he returned with Penrose to the library, i
and so committed (as ho himself clis- i
at CV Lxinxn Q?r~oX f-o>rx? \
mistakes in the Ion? record of his life. 5
In the meanwhile Romayne was not 1
permitted to bring his visit to a conclu- J
sion without hospitable remonstrance l
on the part of Lady Loring. She felt j
for Stella with a woman's enthusiastic
devotion to the interest of true love; j
and she had firmly resolved that a mat*
ter so trifling as the cultivation of Ro. (
maync's mind should not ce aiioweci to
stand in the way of tlic far more import- |
ant enterprise of opening his heart to
the influence of the sex. j
" Stay and lunch witla us," she said, |
when he held out his hand to bid her |
good-bye. ]
" Thank you, Lady Loring, I never
take lunch."
"Well, then, come and dine with us
?no party; only ourselves. To-morrow
and next day we aro disengaged.
Which day shall it be ?"
Bomayne still resisted. "You are
very kind- In my state of health I am i
unwi&i^-fo mrti'engagements which I j
^ , , i _ , Sy_.
may not oe auie u> iteu. ^
Lady Loring was just as resolu^^on
her side. She appealed to Stella. "Mr-^
Eoymane persists, my dear, in putting j
me off with excuses. Try if you can per- ,
suade him."
"I am not likely to have any influence, j
Adelaide." i
The tone in which she replied struck ,
Eomayne. He looked at her. Her eyes, j
gravely meeting his, held him with a |
strange fascination. She was not her- ,
self conscious how openly ail that was |
noble and true in her nature, all that i
was most deeply and sensitively felt in
her aspirations, spoke at that moment in i
her look. Eomayne's face changed; he |
turned pale under the new emotion that
she had roused in him. Lady Loring
observed him attentively.
"Perhaps you underrate your influence,
Stella?" she suggested.
Stella remained impenetrable to per- |
suasion. " I have only been introduced
to Mr. Eomayne half an hour since,"
"T nnt. vain enough to
[aiXC? OCl*V4-* A -y _
suppose that I can produce a favorable
impression on anv one in so short a
time."
She had expressed, in other words,
Romayne's own idea of himself, in speaking
of her to Lord Loring. Ho was
struck by the coincidence.
"Perhaps we have begun, Miss Eyrecourt,
by misinterpreting one another,"
he said. "We may arrive at a better
understanding when I have the honor of
meeting you again."
jtie nesnaieu, uuu iuuucu u? u>u; I
Loring. She was not the woman to let |
a fair opportunity escape her. "We
will say to-morrow evening," she resumed,
"at seven o'clock."
"To-morrow," said Komayne. He
shook hands with Stella and left the
picture gallery.
Tims far the conspiracy to marry him
promised even more hopefully than the
conspiracy to convert him. And Father
Ben well, carefully instructing Penrose
in tho next room, was not aware of it!
* ?*>**
But the hours, in their progress, mark I
the march of events as surely as thev i
mark the march of time. 'i'ho day !
passed, the evening came?and with its ;
coining the prospects cf the conveision
brightened in their turn.
^ Let Father Benwell himself relate how
it happened, in aneSH
port to Home, "written
ing:
111 had arranged ~ith Penrose that he
should call at my lodgings, and toll me
how he had prospered at the first performance
of his duties a3 secretary to
Romayne.
"Tlie moment he entered the room,
the signs of disturbance in his face told
me that, something serious had hap- ;
pened. I asked directly if there had
been any disagreement between
ilomayne and himself.
"He repeated the word with every
appearance of surprisd. 'Disagree- ;
ment?' he said. ' No words can tell how 1
sincerely I feel for JMr. iiomayne, and '
how eager I am to be of service to him!? ]
"Believed so far, I naturally asked <
what had happened. Penrose betrayed <
s marked embarrassment in answering ^
my question.
'"I have innocently surprised a ,
secret,' he said, 'on which I had no <
right to intrude. All that I can honor- ]
ably tell you shall be told. Add to your !
many kindnesses, Father, and don't ^
command me to speak when it is my ]
luty toward a sorely-tried man to be t
ailent, even to you.' "
It is needless to say that I abstained *
from directly answering the strange ap- j
peal. If I found it necessary to our in- (
terests to assert my spiritual authority, c
1 was of course resolved to do it. 4 Lst c
me hear what you can tell,' I replied, J
- -i ii ,.v> a
ana we/i we sunn acc.
" Upon this, he spoke. I need scarcely I ^
recall to your memory how careful we
were, in first planning the attempt to c
recover the Vango property, to assure ^
ourselves of the promise of sticcess, *
which the pectiliar character of the pres- r
?nt owner held out to us. In reporting f
what Penrose said, I communicate a dis- ^
covery which I venture to think will e
be as welcome to jou as it was to me. e
" He began by reminding mo of what ?
? had myse'.f told him in speaking of ^
Romayne. 'You mentioned having t
heard from Lord Loring of a great sor- t'
row or remorse from which he was suf- t
fering/ Penrose said ; 4 and you added ^
that your informant abstained from ?
mentioning what the nature of that ^
remorse, or of the nervous malady con- c
aected with it, might be. I know what ti
he suffers, and why he suffers, and with s:
what noble resignation he submits to his n
affliction.' j?
" There Penrose stopped. You know n
the emotional nature of the man. It Sj
was only by a hard stmggle with him- a!
self that he abstained from bursting into S!
tears. I gave him time, and then I ^
asked how he made the discoveiy.
"He hesitated, but he answered sj
plainly, so far. '"We were sitting to- a<
gether at the table, looking over ids k
notes and memoranda,' Penrose said, S?
1 when he suddenly dropped the manu- 0
script from which he was reading to me.
A. ghastly jjaleness overspread his face. n.
Ee started up, and put both his hands ai
to his ears as if he heard something e:
ireadful, and was trying to deafen him- s<
self to it. I ran to the door to call for ^
help. He stopped me; ho spoke in ^
faint, gasping tones, forbidding me to fe
:all any one in to witness what he suf- a
Lri Tf 'urno. ri^f ^Va
aid; it would soon be over. If I had w
not courage to remain with him I could w
10, and return when ho was himself ^
igaiu. I so pitied him that I found the *Dj
courage to remain. When it was over, t?
ae took me by the hand and thanked te
ne. I had staid by him like a lo
i-iend, ho said, and like a friend he 01
S6
,-ould treat me. Sooner or later (those
rrero his exact words) I must be V(
;aken into his confidence, and it should tt
be now. He told me his melancholy al
T i m iil or a vnn. Father. don't ask I h
me to repeat it! Be content if I tell you ^
the effect of it on myself. The one ho^e,
the one consolation for liim, is in our {.j.
holy religion. "With all my heart I iE
ievote myself to his conversion, and, in tv
tny inmost soul, I feel the conviction *c
that I shall succeed!" ^
To this effect, and in this tone, Pen.
:ose spoke. I abstained from pressing
him to reveal Iioniayne's confession. S
Tiie confession is of no conseque^e to ai
IX
as. You know how the moral force of ^
Arthur's earnestness and enthusiasm c<
fortifies his otherwise weak character, u
[, too. believe he will succeed. ^
But, before I close these lines, there ^
s a^'^uestion which i must submit to jj
rour o
" You are already informecH&^here
s a woman in our way. She sliall notR"
succeed in her designs on Romayne if 1
;an prevent it. But other womew maj ^
;ry their temptations on him. Even sj
she conversion, from which we hope and w
?xpect so much, cannot be relied on to ai
secure the restitution of the Yange prop- ^
jrty. It is not enough for us that the
property is not entailed, and that therw p:
is no rear relation with any p/etentionq h
to inherit it. While Romayne remains ^
i marriageable man there :s always the jj,
danger of an heir to the estate bting g,
born. In my humble opinion, the one h
safe course is so to impress his mind, by "
neans of Penrose, as to cultivate in him ?
s. vn^nt.inn for the DliestllOOd. As a tr
priest-, we are sure of him. Be so good %
is to present this idea at headquarters si
ind let me know the result at the earli- a:
ist possible opportunity.^
Having completed his report Father
Ben well reverted to the consideration a:
of his proposed inquiries into the past c
liistory of Stella's life. b
Reflection convinced him that it |
would be unwise to attempt, no matter c
how guardedly, to obtain the necessary n
Information from Lord Loring or hia e:
wife. If ho assumed, at his ago, tc a
take a strong interest in a young lad1? ?
who had notoriously avoided him, they ! a
would certainly feel surprised, and j si
surprise might, in due course of develop- j f(
nent, turn to suspicion. | A
There was but one other person un- j s3
T ^ Y ~ ~ TTrlinTri Tl fi I P"
ler uuru jjuxiiig o iw? ?v 1~ | jj
ionld address himself, and that person j ^
?as the housekeeper. As an old ser- j c
rant, possessing Lady Loring's confi- j v
fidence, she might prove a source of in- j ^
formation; and she would feel flattered ' *,
by the notice of the spiritual directoi j e:
of the household. j n
"It may not be amiss," thought;^
Father Benwell, "if I try tho house- f
! TV
fceeper. j g
IIP BE CQNXXXUED.) j y
ip
"Never get no thin' right in the pa-' f:
pers," moaned an old man in the bastile si
last night. "Name spelled \n-ong in tl
the police report again this morning."? o
Rochester Democra'. v
BBMBns.
Rclizlous Rewi ex
The Lewistown (N. Y.) Journal says:
Some of our readeis have seen the Shaker
service. Many have not. For the
benefit of both we give a report of last
Sunday's Shaker meeting at the little
chapel on the border of Androscoggin
county, some eleven miles from Lewistown.
Shaker village is perched on one
of the most arduous hills of the country.
Miles away you can see the large stone
fortress-like building where one of the
two Shaker families composing the
community lives. The second family's
home is in a weather-stained, old-fashioned
building, almost one hundred
vears of age. It was built in 1795, and
the elder said, after semce, last SunJay:
"It's not lit for a Christian to live
in. We're making preparations now to
build a new one." The Shakers in their
ib'gnifitd drab coat-taiis and Shakerjsses
in their neat, plain govrns, glistening
white pointed kerchiefs and their
scrupulously starched bonnets, were
narching from the house to the chapel
Frhen the reporter arrived. In the
ihurcli the Shakers formed, standing
n two squares, the males in one and
;he females in the other. The two divisions
stood facing each, other, with
;heir hands clasp?! in front of them,
[n the rear rankle? each body stood.
;he young -waraA** ^
rhere were three*'tle bcys^ol ciglit To"
;en years, and ha*! a dozen girls apparsntly
of four to 'fourteen years, whose
ong, braided hair formed a marked
:ontrast with the closely-concealed locks
>f the Shaker women. The little boys'
irmimc trora /?1/">cp7v tcVi-JIq the
flV II VJ.U VAVW\i I VM) ir?**w vuv
ocks at the base of the head had been
illowed to grow down their necks, in
mitation of the flowing, patriarchal
lair of the aged Shakers.
Standing in this position, one voice
:ommenced a strain of quaint song,
fhich all took up. It was something
>etween a hymn, and a chant. The
aelody was strange but pleasing, and
ras sung by all the voices, male and
emale, in unisoir. An impressive effect
ras given the last chord by all the siagrs
gradually softening the tone and
nding the diminuendo in barely a muraur,
at the same-time slowly lowering
heir hands from the clasped position
o their sides in perfect harmony with
he movement of ihe music. The elder
LHJJLL iVXVfOiU UV C1.LC OpVU UCween
the two sections of Siiakers.
'he lines of his face indicate a man ox
emarkable firmness of character. The
igh, sloping forehead, the prominent
loman nose, the unrelated facial musles,
his stately demeanor, and the disin'ct,
solemn utterances of a deep, muical
voice, all pointed to a mind of the
lost positive convictions and ability of
o mean order. V-The elder read the
Mirteentli chapter of St. John. The
ien, women and children then sang
piritedly a beautiful hymn. This and
[i the following .hymns were given the
ime tremulous diminuendo ending as
efore. *
In the next song one common spirit
jemed to move the worshipers in a
;atelv march backward and forward
. 11 _ a _ L* - _T 1 ? mi
-Toss me noor ax ine ciiuptu.- mev
ept perfect time with the tune they
rag, and marched with the legnlaritj
E militia, making square wheels, and
;companying their march with a swingig
motion o? the grins and hands, palms
pward. There were several line singers
nong the men, and all the women had
tceilent voices. ;The juvenile Shakers
;emed to enter i?k> the service with
le same enthusiasm as the veterans. It
as amusing to a spectator to watch the
)lemn faces and attitudes of the little
illows. Not a suggestion ox a smile
ime over their^f-^^rres, and, to our. .
as a lad of perhaps ten summers?1" jafi";
ore a loose, cherrj-colored sack, and
high-buttoned -velveteen waistcoat.
.0 had a fair, untanned face and pale
[ue eyes. The blue veins were seen
trough the delicate skin covering his
mples, and he had a dreamy, far-away ,
ok. The neck-locks of light hair fell
rer his coat-collar.'? He seemed possssed
of a most intense spirituality,
id was as deeply absorbed in his de)tions
as the Elder himself. Some of
ie young Shakeresses once in a while
lowed a sly smile to inteirupt the connuous
solemnity. The Shakers take
tese children by adoption, ana nave
.ore requests to take] and bring tip
rphan and uncared-for children than
ley can comply "with. The wards are
identured to them until they are
Tentj-one. Then they are at liberty
> leave the community and go into the
orld if they wish. The Shakers educate
lem, and give them the best of home
aining.
After several marching songs, the
hakers took seats. We had noticed
nong them one sandy-haired young
taxi, apparently of not more than
renty-five years, who wore a plumtiored
coat and who sang with much
nction. This young man stepped forard
nervously, drank a little water
om a glass, opened a Bible which lay
a a window shelf, and after a nervous
fting of the shoulders and compression
f the lips, read a text from the eighth
erse of the third chapter of Second
??er: "But, beloved, be not ignorant
: thing, that one day is with
le Lord as ^ars an(* a
lousand years as one da^iw^s ^en
)oke earnestly for about fifteen mmulMi^
ithout notes in a measured, distinct
id cultured voice. The speaker's
ords were listened to with the mo?t
rofound attention by the audience. He
as William Paul, the eloquent young
reacher of the Shakers. Mr. Paul has
een with them about four years. He
; older than he looks, having reached
le age of thirty-five years. Me was
orn in Scotland, and educated in Glasdw.
There are few pulpit orators who
ave the power of clothing their ideas
i such chaste and eloquent language,
r addressing themselves directly to the
earts of their hearers to a greater deree
than the young Shaker Scotchman,
fter he concluded, another song was
mg. The preacher then arose again
ad said: "If any of our visiting friends
esirc to say a few words they have perjet
liberty."
One cf the strangers present arose
ad explained the recently inaugurated
astom of passing the contribution
ox. He said that it had not been orinated
by the Quakers themselves, but
y the outsiders who desired to see the
hapel enlarged, in order that they
sight be accommodated more convenintly.
He then passed the hat and got
liberal collection.
The Elder arose and said quietly:
Let us lay aside our seats and form in
circle." The settees were placed beide
the walls. A small circle of fingers
jnned in the center of the chapel,
.round this inner circle the other worliipers
formed in double file, and
larched, while all joined in the Shaker
ymns, and kept up constantly a swing
A-Mt-iiirt ftn/1 T*o-n/^c in
lg 1LLULIUU Ui lucix aiuis tiuu .u?-uv?w ^
ncert with the rhymth. They took a
ery graceful, promenade step, the omen
leading and the small boys
ringing up the rear. The queenly
jrm and bearing of one woman, appar- j
nt-Iy one of the Eldresses of the com-j
iunity, wa3 noticed by every beholder, j
. handsome white silk handkerchief j
nd the regal grace exhibited in her!
alk distinguished her from her sister ;
bakers. The sightless eyes of one !
evy aged and infirm Shaker, who took >
artinthe other exercises prohibited him J
:om participating) n this. Four or five
rags were sung, and accompanied by
lis strange, sober walk-around. One
f the scalp-locked lads was in the file
'ith the Elder, and the little fellow
botli lengthened his stride and drew
down his face to equal proportions with
the Elder.
The marching ceased, and the Elderi
after a few remarks, read an article from
a publication called "The Shaker Man
ifesto," published by the United Socie- j
ties. The reading was followed by tes- i
timonies by the brothers and sisters. 1
One aged, gray-haired brother said: '
"I'm not ashamed of the Shaker life. *
I'm glad I have given up the life of self
and given myself to God. I want to be j
a better Shaker." A sister said : "I
think the angels have come near unto ]
us in our devotion?. I am glad I am a i
Shaker. At the age of sixteen I said to 2r
myself: 'Shall I serve myself or the ^
Lord ? Shall I lead a life of pleasure *
or a godly life ?' I said I would serve I
s* - a i -T "l Ti. -*
uoa ana a ieei msi 1 uhyo uuiie u. xo
has bec-n a satisfaction to me to escape -t
many trials, get otit of the world, assume ^
the plain dress and language, and live a g
life of purity. I'm glad I did so. I v
know I would have been as liable as ^
any woman in this world to succumb to
temptations of the world if I hadn't >
placed myself beyond them." After *
more marching the venerable blind
j Shaker closed the exercises by speaking r
I a few words and requesting the audi- t
; enee to remain seated while they passed
out. This was done. The Shaker ser- ^
' FA3IILIAK PH1USES.
c
The Orisio of Some of Them?A Story or ^
Artcmus Ward. 9
Out in the Cold.?An expression fre- a
I quentlj applied in the United States v
; and England to'persons who have been
! driven out of office or who have not ob-1 f
tained the appointments they had de-1
sired and solicited. It is nearly a cen- J g
tury old, and wjis one of the sayings of j 2
P. H. B. Wyndhim, in 1874. ^
CastJes in the Air.?Used by Bobert a
Burton in his 'Anatomy of Melancholy," k
over 250 years ago, and since used by 0
Dean Swift, Henry Fielding, Philip Sid- *(
ney, Colley Cibber, Charles Churchill, 0
William Shenstouse, and innumer- 11
able others, until it has become a very
common expression. sDead
as a Door-nail.?Taken from the
door-nail, the nail on which, in old c<
doors, the knocker strikes, and there- k
fore used as a comparison to any one ^
irrevocably dead; one who has fallen ^
fas Vircil savs) mvJiamnrtn. i. p... with
v ti J 3 "" ?7 ,
abundant death, snch as reiteratioc of
strokes on the head naturally produce. *c
Better Late than Never.?Originated
in 1557 (in the reign of Philip and J*
Mary) with Thomas Tussen, who put it ^
into his "Five Hundred Points of Good a<
Husbandry," but it became among the c*
household sayings when put by John o1
Bunyan, the half-inspired tinker, into
his immortal "Pilgrim's Progress."
Poltroon.?Derived from the Latin ei
"pollice truncus" one that i3 deprived, ei
or has deprived himself, of his thumb,
In old times a self-mutilation of this ^
description was not infrequent on the ^
part of some cowardly, shrinking fellow
who wished to escape his share in cc
the defense of his country ; he would
cut off his right thumb, and at once be- 111
come incapable of drawing the bow, Sa
and thus useless for wars. It is net to
be wondered at that the "pollice truncus" 9^
?the poltroon?first applied to a cow- ^
ard of this sort, should afterwards be- s*!
come a name of scorn affixed to every a '
base and cowardly evader of the duties W(
and dangers of life.
frn Ont fn Spp a "Man ?TTiic ^vnrr.c. IS
slon, which is often heard, was origi- k2
nated by "Arcemus Ward." The story in
of its inception is as follows: Once the
lamented humorist was engaged to fill 00
an.evening in^the- lecture ..course j>i a csEngland
city. During the lecture an
individnal who occupied a seat on one
of the front benches seemed determined rei
to resist the speaker's efforts to make a
him laugh. Artemus soon discovered '^n
bcth the listener and his intention, and ^
concentrated all his powers on him. f-r<
For a long time it seemed as if the man ?r
had the best of it, but by and by one of &a
Brown's queer conceits took effect, th
The obstinate fellow gave way and sn
laucrhed and kicked like a delighted
school-boy. Art emus celebrated his fcjJ
victory by coolly announcing to bis Pa
audience: "Ladies and gentlemen, this
will terminate the first act, and we will v>~?
cirop the curtain for a few moments; bo
while the concert is being arranged for P11
the next act the lecturer will take the let
occasion to go out to see a mau," and ab
with perfect sang froid he left the plat- *?
form for the ante-room, where he took ^
a pull from a flask of old Bourbon. an
Hero.?This word comes to us from
other tongues. It belongs to the
Greeks of old. They seem to have
need it in the first instance to desig- ,
nate the hordes that overrun their coun- ,
try. For a time it was applied promis. JfJ
cuously to all the men in the army- , *
Eventually it came to mean such only ,,
as had become prodigies, and was ap- , ^
plied to these whether distinguished in
war, arts, philosophy or even personal
charms. The endowments that made , 1
the hero a wonder to others were ac- Jj
counted for, according to the supersti- , o
* 'i * ' -- Jl X"U^A OO
tion 01 lae lime, on me gruimu mui,
whatever his seeming parentage, he was j
reallv the offspring of some divinity, ^
and the readj invention of mythology ?*
soon produced a fable affiliating him on *n
one or other of the gods. So soon as
^f^was fairly placed on the calendar of
heroes^!?* column was erected on his
tomb, 'saoir^ces *^ere offered to him, ,
and he bekmc^fe'^ec^f prayer for t*
supernatural aid. In this^e jE&mautT|%\
followed the Greeks, and we find that .
among their heroes six were held iu ?
such honor that they were said to have
been received into the communion of ,1 ,
the twelve great gods. Of these one is fe''
JSsculapius, whose fame was won by ia<
the art of healiDg. Among ourselves nc
the -word has generally signified one P.
" 1 3 _ 1. * _T_ J3 ^ lit
wno aispiayeu a very mgu ucgj.ec w ,
valor and self-devotion in the cause of
country, or some such cause. ^
Apes at GibraltarAs
the chamois is the only antelope
found in Europe, the baboon is the only so
Qaadrumana on that continent; it is y
found on the rocks of Gibraltar. The .
commandants of the fort have orders to l^1
protect these apes, and record all curi- w<
ous facts regarding them. It appears s0
from this register that at present the se
tribe of baboons consists of twenty-lire 1'^
individuals, which always occupy that P*
side of the rock which is sheltered from
wind. It is supposed that the wind, ^
from whatever direction, is hurtful to V1'
them. They avoid it with the greatest
care, and they can detect a change j-"
twenty four hours in advance, so that
when the officers sec the apes shiftiDg *e
from one side of the rock to the other, su
they look out for a change of weather. nt
These apes eat grass with avidity, roots,
bulbs (especially those of oxalis), wild
olives and the fruit of a small .date
which grows naturally on the rock. 1'They
will not touch any fruits which 'o
the soldiers put in their way, except P*
scrape.*1, of which they are very fc-nd.
They sometimes descend to the & aniens
of the town in search oi iigs. The apes p<
drink at a spring in a cavern, near the rc
level of the Mediterranean, at the steep- n?
est part of the rock. They make light 15.
of the difficulties of a rock which is 400 ! di
meters in height, and the sides of which i of
are perpendicular. In their gambols j I
their favorite amusement is to disap- j pc
pear behind the borders of the preci-. al
pice, and let themselves down from one ]
projection to another till they are a few i w;
feet from the line of the breakers, then ! pt
to climb the giddy height again with an j re
equal agility. > ar
PLUCKY GIRLS.
.Seaside Srory?About the Baby and
Money lUakhi*: La?*?Killed a Crane.
Miss Nellie Reed is the name of a
young woman of Georgia who accompanied
her uncle to Nag's Head, North
Carolina's delightful resort. One afteraoon
she accepted an invitation from
me of her admirers to go sailing on the
sea. The day was pleasant and the
roung folks enjoyed themselves, staring
just before sundown to return to
:he shore. In going about the boom
struck the yoang man a terrific blow on
ho head and hurled him into the water.
Vliss Reed instantly seized a boat hook
md by hanging over the rail, exercising
ler utmost strength, she was able to
I rag her companion's body on board,
ler efforts to restore the young man to
:onsciousnes3 were not so successful,
lowever, and it occurred to her that the
>est thing to do was to sail with all
peed for the shore. She had never
landled a boat, but she had watched
'ciT/wa or>d -in ?J f/atr minTlf.A'5 flip
raft was scudding along at lively speed,
ilost persons would have been appalled
it such a task, especially as it grew
lark and the wind freshened. A steady
un of tliree-quarters of an hour brought
he boat to its landing, and then the
)lucky Georgia miss delivered her
pounded charge into the hands of. his
he admired of the"Nag's Head company.
Swope and Mrs. Swope are barely out
f their teens, and yet they have found
ime to meet, to court, to love, to marry,
inarrel and to part. The Swopes live
t Mendota, 111. When they parted the
rife carried off the baby. The other
ay the baby was taken by its mother to
he court house, and the father, snatchag
it from the maternal arms, tried to
et to his carriage near by. Mother,
iother-in-law and quite a number of
omen performed a wild war dance
ro md the paternal kindnapper,butthe
id was napped and placed in the hands
f a nnrse in a neighboring town. Be
)re the child had been in the custody |
f the nurse twenty-four hour3 the
lother made her appcarance and, bejre
the nnrse could offer objections,
ae caught up the child, skipped out of
le house, drove furiously over into her
Dunty and arrivsd safely at her father's
ouse with the little charge. The spunky
eroine is now master of the situation,
lasmuch as both husband and wife are
t wealthy and respectable families, the
lair is causing considerable interest
>1' miles around Mendota.
Miss Jennie Henrie is the name of a
?ung woman who has won the admiraon
of the people of Kansas. Some time
50 she secured a tract of land on Ash
eek. "To show what an enterprising
VI n rln " oqttc T.orran V.nljymrisp
i?e Tfill state that she came to that
ace several years ago with barely
lough means to sustain herself after
itering the land. She went to work <
r the week and the money she earned <
as invested in improvements on th^
nd until now, at which time she '
>out thirty acres under cultivatic
mfortable house, well furnished,
her valuable improvements. By ju~ i
dustry and perseverance she has <
ined the admiration of all who know 1
sr. She will soon have a deed to one ]
the best tracts of land in that country,
e take pride in mentioning such in- 1
mces as this, and thus they will prove <
svorthy example to some young men 1
5 might mention to imitate." <
A few days ago a young woman who 1
visiting at the Bonsall mansion in Ar- i
nsas City heard an unusual fluttering i
the room where a lot of canaries were. 1
pon going to seek the cause she dis- 1
vered a rattlesnake coiled around the 1
ge.,. The reptile was in the act of fas- ^
*p
ad as by its basilisk eyes. The fair t
scuer at once made an onslaught with ?
pair of tongs and the snake was 2
/-v.^Vn/3 {mm tVi a omtpi. Sliortlv after
irds the young woman found it coiled
Dund the leg of a table, and she
oised its head so positively that it
ve tip the ghost. The charmed canary,
ough it had not been touched by the
ake, died a few hours afterwards.
A young woman, who was visiting in
kton, Md., was out with a pleasure
rty in Captain Jolliffe's boat when the
estion of marksmanship with a pistol
is discussed. Captain JollifFe had on
ard a large caliber Smith & Wesson's
etel. He pointed out to h*r a crane
iding along the shore, at a distance of
out seventy-five yards, and asked her
lire at it. As she was about to take aim
e crane flew, but she fired, striking it
d bringing ifc down.
Lime and Lead.
It is said that a rather important fact
s been observed in connection with the
legraph systems of some parts of
irope. The wires have in many parts
en laid in leaden pipes buried beneath
e roadways, and in some places im***
s\y* TVTi tTAVOT ]
UUCU lu iiiuiiftj. VWIMV/UW. It-v*v.v. j
is has been the case, it is reported
at on opening np the pipes the lead
s been found to have disappeared,
d to have given place to a basic car- j
>nate of a brittle and porous nature. ^
;periments conducted bj an expert j
,ve shown, it is said, that lead when
aced in contact with lime for a time ]
variably loses in weight, and becomes '
bjeet to a corrosive action which ulti- (
ately destroys it. A^pipe made of j
ad one twenty-fifth of an inch in
ickness, and imbedded in lime mor ,
r, would, it, was found, be eaten j
rough sixteen months. (
lis can hardly be an ^
>n, for it is incredible tha^sflH
"ect should never have been obse^^l
1 the Germans began to lay their ,
iegraph wires nnder ground, if^the ,
;ts are as represented. It certainly is
t so well known, however, as its im- ?
rtance requires that it should be, if
ae either in mcrtar or cement really '
,s this effect npon this metal. It
ems very probable that the bursting *
pipes during a frost may be greatly *
militated by the attenuating action of i
is kind of corrosion. There are still .
me houses :n the bnilding of which
ne is employed for the mortar, and j
ere are a great many in which lead
pes are imbedded in cement. It is ]
?11 worth while to be aware of this
urce of mischief, especially as it
"??*?? mvr- oocr nf rnmprlf If ninPS ]
CUJ.O .w?. vc-v J- ? l-C? .
.ssing through a wall were laid in J
aster oi Fans they would effectually j
> guarded against the operation of
lie which might chance to be in their 't
canity. It should, however, be under- :
ood that this applies to lead pipes j
at are leally lead pipes. What would
> the accion either of lime or of plasr
of Paris cn the "compo" pipes in ,
ch iavor with jerry builders we can- ;
>t undertake to say.
Kept Ali c by Eggs.
The late Edward John Trelawney, in ,
23, when fighting with Lord Byron
r the GieeLs in the struggle for iadejndence,
was dangerously wounded,
sr twenty days he persisted in reruain"
' > timp rjlaea and in the same
? lllvy r? ?
isinre, sitting and leaning against a
ok, determined to leave everything to
dure. In his "Records of Shelley,
71 on and the Author,'' he says: " I
d not change or remove any portion
my dress, nor use any extra covering:,
would not be bandaged, plastered, I
)U It iced j or even washed; ner would I j
low anybody to look at my woucd I
kept alive by yoiks oc eggs and
iter." He was reduced during the
ocess from 182 pounds to 144, but his
covery when once begun was rapid
td complete.
j
ous
Seas have Been
ereneji.
The whale is the largest fish tha^
swims in the sea, and it is probably the
most useful. It is, of course, captured
for its oil, but there is a part of its
body which commerce has made extensive
use cf to the enrichment of many
men. In the upper jaw of the whale
are thin, parallel laminoe, varying in
size from three to twelve feet in length.
These are called whalebone, and all
above sis feet in length is called size
bone, a quality which commands the
highest price. Whalebone once brought
a very high price, especially when hoop
j skirt3 were more in fashion than they
| are to-day. The Dutch formerly rej
ceived ?3,500 for a ton of whalebone,
but since 176:3 it lias never brought
anything like that price- In 1S18 it
brought $150 a ton, in 1834, from $530
to $545, and in 1844 it varied from
$1,080 for- Southern, and $1,550 for
Northern bone. As the whale becomes
scarce, of course whalebone will rise in
! the market, and at present the Dutch
and the $cotch whalers are doing a .very
poor business. The Americans also
complain, and now that this is the case,
the inventive^ genius oi nj&n is trying.,
an<?*s6 "GrUiey have metTvrith some
success. Enfialo horn has given great
satisfaction, and there, is quite a similarity
between the two substances. The
horns, after undergoing a special pro- ;
cess, are cut into strips, which are com- ;
pressed and straightened and rendered 1
suitable for any purpose by the dress- :
maker. Compressed cane has also been 1
resorted to as a substitute for whale- i
hnno lint if. nnf ftrsw^r fhfl linr
~ **wv ?? " ? X
pose as well as buffalo horn. In France
whalebone is fifteen francs the kilogram ;
that is to say, it has tripled in price
dtiring the last quarter of a century. ]
In 1853 the quantity of bone brought
into the United States was 5,652,300
pounds; in 1873 it was 190,000 ; in 1880;
400,000 pounds. In 1853 whalebone
was worth thirty-five cents per pound,
in 1S77, $2.50, and at the present time
is said to be selling at ?2 per pound.
In 1857, 143 vessels comprised the
Greenland fleet, and in 1877 onlv sixteen
were sent out. It will be observed
that the business varies considerably
from time to time, and it seems pretty
certain that the best days of whaling
are over for the present. It is said that
nearly one-half of our whalebone is exported
to France and Germany. There
is no doubt that there is more whalebone
consumed in Paris than in any ^
other city in the world, for Paris carries
oif the palm in the manufacture of parasols,
an article in the making of which
whalebone forms a very material part, i t
Thpn fh^rftATA w.lb'n<?-sticksand ridica I o
and driving whips, canes, corset-bones, s
corset clasps, husks, hat-bone, suspen- t
itr-bone, fishing-rods and tips, landing- r
-" ds for nets, drill-bones, ferules, $
ints, probangs, paper-cutters and j
lders, graining-combs, boot-shanks fc
,uoe-horns, policemen's loaded clubs 1
2tc., that require -whalebone in their 8
jonstruction, or that are made superior f<
by their having whalebone in their com- $
position. t]
The best whalebone is obtained from c
:he Greenland whale. From the mouth y
5f one of these monsters from two o
ihousand to three thousand pounds are s<
>ften taken. The manufacture of whale- o:
:>one into articles of use and ornament p
5 not so extensive as one might imag- L
ne. It is principally confined to New
Fork and Boston, four manufactories
jeing in the former and three in the
atter. When the raw whalebone is
irst received at the. factory the hair is n
_?l
hey are scraped of all the gum that b
tdheres to them. They are next put in it
t steam-box, where a workmen straight- tl
>ns them with a knife; they are finally t<
jolished, and are then ready to be made a<
lse of for any purpose that the dresser st
?- TITUAIAKatia -toy vvvin/MTVill V T*,'
nay tsee uu xiiiucuwuc m
ised, nowadays, in the manufacture of d>
vhips and corsets. Umbrella frames fi:
ised to be made altogether of "whale- a
xrae, but since its scarcity and high ii
>rice, steel is mostly used for this pur- ejose.
Whalebone hats and whalebone s<
ibbon have just come into vogue. The o:
'ormer look very beautiful and are very a
:0m for table on the head. n
Whales, like seals,^do not get time to r<
jrow, for they are slaughtered merci- o
essly, young and old, in the pursuit of tl
wealth. The old ones are often killed ci
?efore the young are able to take care a
)f themselves, and the result of this C
iruelty is a loss of thousands and thous- u
inds of whales and seals in a year, d
Mankind will have to be more thought- e:
,'ul in the work of slaughter if it wishes "
;o be better compensated by these ani- h
nals, and the whale must be let alone ii
or a few years if the ladies are to have o
ine corsets and the gentlemen fine o
valking-sticks and riding-whips.? n
Brooklyn E<iale. a
I
Life in High Altitudes.
The greatest height to which men *
lave ever mounted is about five and a b
lalf miles above the sea level, and the P
oailoonists who ventured on ihat experiment
were very glad to come down.
Short as their stay in the upper regions
pras they were almost frozen and almost
suffocated. The cold so benumbed their ^
bands that, had they not taKen tne pre- r(
?auiion to carry with them chemicals r,
for the production of. a li^le artificial
beat they would ha^p pecom^heIpIess ^
md lost their ^lVes frorQ inara^ro*^
Bj^^^?Pf-rfad let out the gas of the a]
The air which they breathed h
Pretoo thin to support life, and tli6y ^
:elt all the sensations of partial ft rang- f(
ing or drowning. Of course any labor p;
it such a height was impossible. p
The census shows that the elevation d
it which men can Jive and work to advantage,
and -which they therefore gen- ^
jrally choose, is a very low one. The &
iverage height of the United States h
ibove the sea level is about 2,60thfeet, b
-mt rto -mean AlAvation of the oo'oula- h
ion is only about 700 feet. A height g
)f 10,000 feet is considerably less than c
;wo miles,yet of all the 50,000,000 of peo- p
pie in our country only 26,400 live at w
hat elevation. v
Net only men but other animals and p
plants as well, find the struggle of ex- y
stence harder as they rise higher. As <->
plants and animals diminish in number, b
:he means of supporting human life u
rapidly decrease, so that the upward p
growth of the population, so to speak, i;
is checked long before the cold becomes f<
too severe to be endured or the air too b
chin for breathing.
The bulk of the little band who
reached a height of ten thousand feet
ire miners, aiid could be nothing else,
ilore than three-fourths of the whole 9
population choose to live at less than L
one thousand feet, or cor si lerablv less ?
than one-Sfch of a mile above the sea, v
and only three per cent, of the inliabi- s
tanis make their homes at a height of J;
two thousand feet. If it were possible .
to walk upward from the earth as read- j1'
ily as upon its surface, an ordinary pe- '
rtp>jf.rinn in half an hour could pass the p
limit at which human Jifa can be per- ^
manently maintained, and in a little 1
more than an hour he would reach a I
point where it could not exist at all. I 1
the builders of Eabel had ever scaled *
the mountains beyond their plain vision 1
not a miracle would have been required >s
to convince them that their enterprise r
was a great waste of labor. ?
? t
Nothing like it evar happened before t
?an elephant's tail.?.V. Y. News. p
anc^H
rest tibH
the plan^^B
Coaches and^H
from the shallol^M
lovers no longer
tavern as the half way^M
In the old days the Cha^|
was a massive brick bnildiSB
like a squat T. Around it on e^^B
were level fields that stretched for a<pM
terofa mile or more, \rhile three impo^^B
tant stage roads came together in front V
of the yard. Nor7 only one-third of the
bnilding?the northern end?stands,,
and even that had to be re-erected after fl
battle, when fire left nothing bnt bare fl
walls, shot-shattered and bullet-pierced- H
From the northern end of this poor 9
remnant of the ruined inn stick'out five,J
pieces of shrapnel?bolts that, as MS. jB
Oliver fears, may yet play the mischief, fl
Above these grim things is a ragged M
rent in the gable end near the roof fl
showing where shells knocked for ad- jj
mission as they paused in their scream
ing flight eaghtem years ago. The j
MWmUPtc f nirryr ow?w
tire misfortune to stand when it was
shattered by a?ronnd shot, "was d&- WM
stroyed by the fixe, and in the places of M
the pillars are wooden columns freshly
painted and without a scratch. In the :fl
yard the visitor sees the outlines of the
old honse marked by shrubs, weeds and ; yl
stray biicks, while a dozen sweet holly- . H
bocks growing near the porch remain as
sentinels of garden long since gone. H
A Scheme to Encourage Hii'rimony. J fl
At the next meeting of the Ontario I
legislature application will be made for S
the incorporation of the National Mar
riage Dowry Association. The object 9
Df the promoters of the scheme is in all : JH
probability to make money, out me resuit
of their quest of money will unloubtedly
be to encourage tlie man
:he maid to wed. The society firs?
oegan its operations in Indiana, and isfl I
low casting its benevolent arms oveifl
he bachelors and spinsters in othez^^^H
itates, territories, and provinces. InW
he words of the circular, the association fl
s established 4'to encourage lawful
wedlock, promote economy, to endowjfl
lomes, and to make married life theH
;nd and aim of the rich and poor alike."?
Che scheme is as follows: Supposing
Tobn Smith, on the 13th day of August, fl
lasts his lot in with this association. Hefl
>ays, in the first place, So for-his cer-H
ificate, and a semi-annual payment fl
hereafter of $1. In case some of his*
:o-insurers marry, and there not being B
ufScient funds in the treasurer's hands H
o pay the sum to which the newly mar- 9 I
ied man is entitled, an assessment of H
ll is levied all round. These are the I
ayments to which he is liable. The H
tenefits are that should he marry on the
3th of August, 1882, he is entitled to V
200. Should Ms marriage not occur
or five years, he would be entitled to
1,000, and so on. "We don't suppose ^^B
bat ladies are excluded from the assoiation.
It's a grand scheme. Aip^B
oung lady who was known to havr^
f these certificates would be tl;
arved of all observers, ana me aanx
f all admirers. At church and market-M
laces she would not want for swains.?I
ondon (Ontario) Advertiser.
Bich Siiyer Discovery in Dakota. HI
Some "iima ago an old prospector, vjlfl
irned Redpath found some float rock on J
assayed, and found that it went up to flH
le thousands of ounces of silver to the
>n. He also showed it to old Color- M
lo miners, who pronounced it the pure
.uff, and were very anxious to discover
here it' came froin. There was a great I
eal of mystery at first, bat the secret
nally leaked cut, and the excitsqient H
jmmenced. It was mild at first, but -fl
i a short time it took possession of fl
rerybody, and the stampede of the fl fl
;ason was inaugurated. The ground 9 fl
o. which the -discovery was made was in I
wild portion of the country that had fl
ever been prospected. There were no V
Dads to the point, and the Srst crowd
f treasure-hunters made their way
aere on horseback or afoot. They fl
ame back with specimens of rich rock, fl
ad in a day or two Dead wood, Cen&ST^fl
ity asd Lead City were almost depop- jj^fl
lated. A town was laid out, lots fl
rawn for by all present, rules or gov- fl
rnmest agreed to, and the place named
West Virginia City." In forty-eightr fl
ours the town contained nearly 1,000 fl
lhabitants, and nine saloons were in
aeration. On the third day two faro
?
anks were started, and to cap the cli- fl
lax, on the fourth day the first copy of .
daily newspaper, called the Carbonate
Importer, was issued- Fifty buildings I
ave been erected during one week1 H
ad as high as $500 has bec-n paid foj|fl
uilding lots. The town promises to
ermanent, as there have been m?
ich finds. ^
Method of Artificial KespiraJWjO
We think it advisable, says H
ian Journal Medical Sciat&ml
set attention ;o the followiaii^B
ssuscitating the partially
1. InsUatibj turn patieitfgB
rith a large firm roll of
chest. Pltfjfl
rms undeA 5.isJ
is mouth o\\ *ke &r9
-h-nt two
Li y<?ur . rxmm
>ur or five <
atient's ba-J^' ^yg^. stH
ressed out/0* r??foutb. I
rains freelf <"jjfBeat, iM
2. Quick r,^M
ith roll of
5 possible. Plac^SB^Hj
is bead. Kneel with
etween your knees, and fix you^JH
ows firmly against your hips. Now,* I
rasping lower part of patient's naked V H
best, squeeze bis two sides together, 1 I
ressing gradually forward with all your 1
eight, for about three seconds, until
our mouth is nearly over mouth of
atient; then, with a push, suddenly \eik ?
ourself back. Rest about three sec- fl
nds; then begin again, repeating these?
ellcws-bio wing movements with per^B
;ct regularity, so that foul air may
ressed out and pure air be drawn int<j
ing?, about eight or ten times a minflfl
)r at least an hour, or un; il the patfl
reathes naturally. H
L?t!frs of Solid Silver.
The block of granite which XctS
ontri'outes to be pkced in the Wj H
Qgton monument has the name of fl
tate on a panel in letters of solid? H
er, about as thick as a silver H
ome six inches in height and cfl I
lortionate width. They are so H
itted into the solid granite
oiut is almost invisible. AbovgM H
rord * 'Nevada" id deeply cat i/ifl I
;ranite the m? tto of the state?I
)ur Country"?and below, the fl H
.881. The lit?"res of the catfl I
dated with gu'd. The granite cofl H
ng it is the hardest ever seen. I I
sait which is polished is alcio?
ti color, vrLile the remainder pr^fl
omewhat gray appearance Mfl
ett, who has worked the ?
ranite in the Atlantic states unfl
iean granites in the old world, fl
as never se^u a harder bit of jfl
he kind.? Virginia. Cily
rise. as "V

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