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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, November 30, 1881, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1881-11-30/ed-1/seq-1/

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^ WEEKLY EDITION. WIXXSBOlfO. S. C.. WEDNESDAY. yOYEMBEK :)0. 1SS1. " ESTABLISHED IF 1848.
THE BLACK ROBE.
/ BY WII.KIE COIiUXS.
?AUTHOR Ox?
k "SEE VOHAX IX -WHI7?," " TIuD 1IOOXJ
CTOKE," " AFTEIi DAKK," "SO XA5ffi>n
HC " ilAN AND ViiyE," " TEE LAW AXT3
W THE liADY," "THE NEW MAGr\?T
T^V ,y T'nvn TT/1
"fK* 4/OuLtX^.I, y AJAW*
"Indeed I don't, mamma. I hate him.*
* "Oh, hash, hash! Hato him as muci
as you like, but always be civil to him
Tell me, have you been in the conservatory
with Eomayne?"
" Yes."
; "All going on well?"
v "Yes."
"My sweet child! Dear, dear me, the
wine has done you no good; you're as
pale as ever. Is it that priesc? Oh,
pooh, pooh! Leave Father Benwell tc
me."
f CHAPTER IV.?IX THE SMALL HOURS.
Whan Sfollrt th<-> ^nnsprv,itnr^.
the attraction of the ball for Komayne
was at an end. He went back to his
b rooms at the hotel.
Penrose was waiting to speak to him.
v Romayne noticed signs of suppressed
k. .-agitation in his secretary's face.
"Has anything happened?" he inquired.
" Nothing of any importance," Penrose
answered, in sad, subdued tones.
" I only wanted to ask you for leave oJ
absence."
"Certainly. Is it for a long time?"
Penrose hesitated.
"You have a new life opening before
you," he said. " If your experience oi
that life is?as I hope and pray it may
be?a happy one, you would need me
no longer; we may not meet again."
His voice began to tremble; he could
/ say no more.
"Not meet again?" Piomayne repeated.
" My d?ar Penrose, if you forget
how man nappy days I owe to
your companionship, my memory is to
be trusted. Do yon really know what
iny new life i3 to be ? Shall'I tell von
what I have said to Stella to-night ?"
Penrose lifted his hand with a gestnro
of entreaty.
"Not a word," he said, eagerly.
" Do me one more kindness?leave me
; to be prepared (as I am prepared) for
the change that is to come, without
any confidence on y our part to enlighten
me further. Don't think me ungrateful.
I have reasons for saving what I have
just said?I cannot mention what they
are?I can only tell you they are serious
reasons. You have spoken of my devotion
to you. If von wish to reward me
a hundredfold more than I deserve,
^ bear in mind our conversations on religion,
and keep the books I asked you
El to read, as gifts from a friend who
r\ loves you with, his whole heart No
new duties that ycu can undertake are
incompatible with tne higher interests
of your soul. Think of me sometimes.
When I leave you I go back to a lonely
life. My poor heart is full of your
brotherly kindaess at this moment
i T i_ t n i . _ _
wnen x may De saying gooa-oye ior
ever."
Eomiyne was more than surprised,
he "was shocked.
"Why must you leave me?" he
1 asked.
" It is best for you and for her,"
said Penrose, "that I should withdraw
myself from your new life."
He held out bis hand. Romayne refused
to let him go.
i "Penrose!" he said, " I can't match
your resignation. Give me something
to look foiward to. I must and will see
! you again."
Penrose smiled sadly.
"You know that my career in life de
pends wholly on my superiors," he ansTC-pred.
" "Rut if T am still in En<?land.
and if (which God forbid i) you have
sorrows in the future that I can share
and alleviate, only let me know it.
There is nothing -within the compass of
: ?my power which I will net do for your
sake. God bless and prosper you!
Good-bye!"
f In spite of his fortitude the tears rose
in his eyes. He hurried out of the
? room.
Romayne sat down at his writingtable
and hid his face in his hands. He
had entered the room with the bright
image of Stella in his mind. The image
had faded from it now?the grief
that was in him not even the beloved
woman could share,
j ******
He trimmed his lamp and bent his
mind on his book. "While he was still
reading, the ball at Lord Loring's house
came to its end. Stella and Lady Loring
were alone together, talking of him,
before they retired to their rooms.
I* "Forgive me for owning it, plainly,"
said Lady Loring. "I think you and
your mother are a little too ready to
suspect Father Ber^well, without any
discoverable cause. Thousands of people
go to Ciovelly, and Beaupark house
ts one of the show-places in the neighborhood.
Ts there a little prejudice in
this new idu of yours ?'
Stella made no reply; she seemed to
[V lost in her own thoughts.
u- Lady Loring went on:
S "T nm nr>pr> to conviction. mv dftar.
ISif you will only tell me what interest
Father Benwell can have in knowing
(\bout you and Winterneld?
** Stella suddenly looked up.
w "Let us speak of another person,"
Rhe said. " I own I don't like Father
BenwelL As you know, Romayno has
concealed nothing from me. Onght I
Pnot to tell him about Winterfield V
I Jjadv Loring started.
"You astonish me," she said. " What
kright has Romayne to know it ?"
V " "What right have X to keep it a seI
cret from him? "
I? "My dear Stella, if you had been in
any way to blame in that miserable matter
I should be the last person in the
world to advise you to keep it a secret.
But you are innocent of all blame. No
man?not even tiie man wno is soon to
be your husband?has a right to know
wJiat you have so unjustly suffered.
Think of the humiliation of even speaking
of :.t to Romayne!"
" I a aren't think of it," cried Stella,
passiorately. " But if it is my duty?"
.
"it is jour duty to consider the consequences,"
Lady Loring interposed.
"You don't know how such things
j sometimes rankle in 2. man's mind. He
! may be perfectly willing to do \ou jus|
tiee, and yet there may be moments
! when he would doubt if you had told
j him the whole truth. I speak with the
] experience of a married woman. Don't
| place yourself in that position toward
| your husband if you wish for a happy
j .narried life."
Stella was not quite convinced yet.
j "Suppose Komayne finds it out?" she
i said.
"He can't possibly find it out. I detest
Winterfield, but let us do him justice.
He is no fool. He has his position
in the world to keep up?and that
is enough of itself to close his lips. And
as for others, there are only three peo;
pie in England now who could betray
you. I suppose you could trust your
mother, and Lord Loring and me?"
It was needless to answer such a question
as that. Before Stella could
speak again Lord Loring's voice was
audible outside the door. "What,
bed yet?"
"Come in?" cried liis wife. "Let
tic 1 >/-?<-? ? TrV*ftf tn-\tt eV?oT?/^ e ^ olio
I*Ao i-iCcii. yy Luxu XLV* UUAUA>}) CUW
said to Stella.
Lord Loring listened with the closest
attention while the subject tinder discussion
was communicated to him.
When the time came he gave his opin!
ion?he sided unhesitatingly with his
| wife.
" If the fault was yours, even in the
I slightest degree," he said to Stella,
J "Eomavne would have a right to be
taken into your confidence. But, my
j dear child, we, who know* the truth,
! L?r\s\T\~ t?/vn +r\ yyttta fi/nrl fnnrv?Anfc
, auw.i v ~ w ~ ~
: woman. You go to Romayne in every
way worthy of him, and you know that
he loves yeu. If you did tell him that
miserable story he could only pity you.
D;> you want to be pitied r"
Those last unanswerable words
brought the debate to an end. From
| that moment the subject was draped.
* * * * *
There was still one other person
i among the guests at the ball who was
waking in the small hours of the morning.
Father Benwell, wrapped comfortably
in his dressing-gown, was too
hard at work on his correspondence to
think of his be .
With one exception, all the letters
i that he had written thus far were
J closed, directed and stamped for the
post. The letter that he kept open he
was now engaged in reconsidering und
correcting. It was addressed, as usual,
to the secretary of the Order, at Rcme;
and, when it had undergone the linal
revision, it contained these lines :
" My last letter informed yon of Eomayne's
return to London and to Miss
Eyrecourt. Let me entreat our reverend
brethren to preserve perfect tranquillity
of mind, in spite of this circumstance.
The owner of Yange Abbey is
not married yet. If patience and perseverance
on my part win their fair reward,
Miss Eyrecourt shall never be his
wife.
" But let mo not conceal the truth.
Tn the uncertain future that lies before
us, I have no one to depend on but my
self. Penrose is no longer to bo trusted;
and the exertions of the agent to whom
j I Lptc: committed my inquiries are exertions
that have failed.
"I will dispose of the case of Penrose
first.
"The zeal with which this young
man has undertaken the work of conversion
intrusted to him has, I regret
to say, been fired by a dog
like affection for Romayne. Without
waiting for my permission, Penrose has
revealed himself in his true character
as a priest. And more than this, he
has not only refused to observe the proceedings
of Romayne and Miss Eyrecourt?he
Las deliberately closed his
ears to the confidence which llomayne
wished to repose in him, on the ground
that I misrht have ordered him to re
peat that confidence to me.
" To what use can we put this man's
ungovernable sense of honor and gratitude
? For the present he has left London
to assist in the spiritual care of a
country district. It will be a question
for the future whether we may not turn
hi enthusiasm to good account, in a
iwiee^An +r\ fr*r/>irrr> "Rnf nc if. iq
always possible that Lis influence may
still be of use to us, I venture to suggest
keeping him within our reach until
Romayne's conversion has actually
taken place.
" I may now proceed to the failure of
my agent, and to the course of action
that I have adopted in consequence.
" The investigations appear to Lave
definitely broken down at tLe seaside
village of Clovellv, in the neighborhood
of Mr. Winterfield's country-seat.
Knowing that I could depend upon the
information which associated this gentleman
with Miss Eyrecourt, under
I compromising ciroumstanaes of some
i sort, I decided on seeing Mr. Winterfield
and judging for myselt.
I c C ~ ^ ^T"? mo
JLJLIC o xcyuiu 1U1VAJ^VV4
that the person who had hnallv baffled
his inquiries was an aged Catholic
priest, long resident at Clovelly. His
name was Newbliss, and lie is much
respected among the Catholic gentry in
that part of Devonshire. After due
.consideration, I obtained a letter of introduction
to mv reverend colleague,
j and traveled to Clovelly, telling my
! friends here that I was taking a little
| holiday ia the interests of my health.
"I found Father Xewbliss a veneraI
ble and reticent son of the church, with
one weak point, however, to work on,
which was entirely beyond the reach of
the otherwise astute person charged
with my inquiries. My reverend friend
is a scholar, and is inordinately proud
of his learning. I am a scholar, too.
| In that capacity I first foand my way
j to his sympathies, and then gently enj
couraged his pride. The result will
{ appear in certain discoveries which I
j number as follows :
"1. The events which connect Mr.
! ? ,, "it i- i. _
\\ mterneiu witu iuiss x.vrecouix i.uppened
about two years ^ince. and had
their beginning at Beaupark house.
"2. At this period Miss Eyrecourt
and her mother were staying at Beaupark
house. The general impression
in the neighborhood was that Mr.
J Winter-field and Miss Eyrocourfc were
! engaged to l>e married.
j *
"3. Not long afterward, Miss Eyre
! court and her mother surprised the
I
j neighborhood by suddenly leaving
i Beaunark house. Their destinatior
I was supposed to be London.
"4. Mr. Winterfield himself left nexl
I his eountrv-seat for the Continent.
I "
j His exact destination was not mentioned
j to any one. The steward, soon after!
ward, dismissed all the servants, and
j the house was ieit empty tor more tiiar
| a year.
" 5. At the end of that time Mr.
i
I Winterfield returned alone to Beau park
! house, and told nobody how or where
he had passed the long interval of his
absence.
" 6. Mr. Winterfield remains, tc the
present day, an unmarried man.
"Having arrived at these preliminary
discoveries, it was time to try what I
could make of Mr. Winterfield nest.
"Among the other good things which
fliis CAnflATrtort inTipritArl is n m?iy.
nificent library, collected by liis father.
That one learned man should take another
learned man to see the books was
a perfectly natural proceeding. My introduction
to the master of the house
followed my introduction to the library
almost as a matter of course.
"I am about to surprise you, as I was
myself surprised. In all my long experience
Mr. Winterfield is, I think, the
most fascinating person I ever met with.
Genial, unasssuminpr manners, a pre
! possessing personal appearance, a sweet
| temper a quaint humor delightfully ac|
companied by natural reliuemeut?such
j arc the characteristic qualities of the
| man from whom I myself saw Miss
I Eyrecourt (accidentally meeting him in
j public) recoil with dismay and disgust!
It is absolutely impossible to look at
him, and to believe him to be capable
of a cruel or dishonorable action. I
never was so puzzled in my life.
"You may be inclined to think that 1
am misled by a false impression, derived
from^the gratifying welcome that I receiver
as a friend of Father Newbliss. I
will hot appeal to my knowledge of human
nature?1 will refer to the unanswerable
evidence of Mr. TVinterSeld's
poorer neighbors. Wherever I went, in
the village or out of it, if I mentioned
his name I produced a universal outburst
of admiration and gratitude.
| 'There never was such a friend to poor
! people, and there never can be such anj
other to the end of the world.' Such
was a fisherman's description of him;
and the one cry of all the men and
women near us answered: 'That's the
truth I'
" And vet, there is something wrong,
for the plain reason that there is a
secret to keep in the past lives of Mr.
Winterfield and Miss Eyrecourt.
"Under these perplexing circum*
stances, what use have I made of my
/ .rm/vrfnrvifioB 9 T nin rrrtinrr snmrisA
. -- O X
you again?I have mentioned Romayne's
name to Mr. Winterfield; iiud I hare ascertained
that they are, so far, perfect
strangers to one another?and that is
all.
"The little incident of mentioning
Romayne arose out of my examination
i of the library. I discovered certain old
volnmes, which may one day be of use
to him, if he continues his contemplated
work on the Origin of Religions.
Hearing me express myself to thia
effect, Mr. Winterfield replied with the
readiest kindness:
" ' I can't compare myself to my excellent
father,' he said ; * but I have
at least inherited his respect for the
writers of books. My library is a treasure
which I hold in trust for the interests
cf literature. Pray say so from me
to your friend, Mr. Romayne.'
" And what does this amount to? you
will ask. My reverend friend, it offers
me an opportunity in the future of
bringing Romayne and Winterfield together.
Do von see tha fiomnlifiations
which may ensue ? If I can put no
other difSculty in Miss Eyrecourt's way,
I think there is fruitful promise of a
scandal of some kind arising out of the
introduction to each other of those two
m^n. You will agree with me that a
scandal may prove a valuable obstacle
in the way of marriage.
" Mr. Winterfield has kindly invited
me to call on him when he is next in
Londou. I may then have opportunities
of putting questions which I would
not venture to ask on a .short acquaint
ance.
" In the meantime, I have obtained
another introduction since my return to
town. I have been presented to Miss
E vrecourt's mother; and I am invited
to drink tea with h:r on "Wednesday.
My next letter may teli you?what
I -TV " 1 , 1 l" 1 " _
renrose ongat 10 nave uiscovereu?
whether Romayne has been already entrapped
into a marriage engagement 01
not.
" Farewell for the present. Remind
the reverend fathers, with my respects,
that I possess one of the valuable qualities
of an Englishman ?I never know
when I am beaten."
THE END OF THE SECOND JSOOK.
BOOK THE THIRD.*
CHAITER I.?THE HONEYMOON.
More than six weeks had passed. The
wedded lovers were still enjoying their
honeymoon at Vange Abbey.
Some offense had been given, not only
to Mrs. Eyrccourt, but to friends of her
way of thinking, bv the strictly private
manner in which the marriage had been
celebrated. The event took everybody
by surprise when the customary advertisement
appeared in the newspapers.
I Foreseeing the unfavorable impressions
! that might be produced in some quar|
ters, Stella had pleaded for timely retreat
;o the seclusion of Eomayne's
! country house. The 111 of the bride,
' being, as usual, the bridegroom's law,
to Vangc they retired accordingly.
On one lovely moonlight night, early
: in July, Mrs. Romavne left her lius!
band on the Belvidere, described in
; Major Hynd's narrative, to give tha
! housekeeper certain instructions relat
*
: ing to the affairs of the household. Half
! an hour later, as she was about to asi
cent! again to the top of the house, one
i of the servants informed her that "the
master had just left the Belvidere, and
had gone into his study."
Crossiug the inner hall, on her way to
the study, Stella noticed an unopened
~'i
i letter, addressed to Eomayne, lying on
a table in a corner. He had probably
. j luid it aside and forgotten it. She en- ^
; ! tered the room with his letter in her
, | hand. ?
! ! The only light was a reading-lamp, i
; with the shade so lowered that the cor- ?
: ners of the study were left in obscurity. ^
j In one of these corners Romayne was ^
[ i dimly visible sitting with his head sunk ;
j 0:1 his breast. He never moved when t
i Stella opened the door. At first she
. - - . * i , i i r
! tiiongnt ne nngut do asieep.
" Do I disturb you, Lewis ?' she asked ^
J softly. g
i "No, my dear." c
Thero was a change in the tone of his *
. voice which his wife's quick ear tie- tected.
?
' I am afraid you are not well," she i
said anxiously. t
"I am a little tired after our long ride t
to-day. Do you want to go back to the j ^
Belvidere ?" j ^
"Not without you. Shall I leave yon j B
to rest here V i
He seemed not to hear the question. ?
He sat, with his head hanging down, the j.
shadowy cou^ *t of an old man. In o
her anxiety Stella approached him, and s
? l. i 1 :_?i? a Ti V
pubiier LLiiiiu carcssiuguu uid ucau. ?\ ^
was burning hot. ^
"Oh!" she cried, "you are ill and D
you are trying to hide it from me." * a
For a moment he was still silent, tak- t.'
ing out his handkerchief and passing it a
vapidly over his face.
" Nothing is the matter with me," he
said, with an uneasy laugh. He put
his arm round her waist, and made her D
sit on his knee. "What have yoi* got r
in your hand 5" he asked?" a letter ?' I
"l'es. Addressed to you, and not
! opened yet." . ?
He took it out of her hand and threw
j it carelessly on a sofa near him. ii
' Never mind that now! Let us h
j talk." lie paused and kissed her be fore ^
he went on. "My darling, I think you ?
j must be getting tired of Vange ?" ^
" Oh, 110 ! I can be happy anywhere e
j with you-and especially at Vange. You P
! don't know how this noble old house in- ^
I lurocfo mo on/1 liATtr T admirA fJlA orlrtri- 1
j liiV/J UUV4 MV II A w ?MW Q*V?<| ^j
| ous country all around it. P
j He was not convinced. j a
! " Yangeis very dull," lie said, obsti- j P
natelv, " and vour friends will be want- i J1
" v j li
ir.g to see you. Have you heard from ^
your mother, lately ?" f<
" Xo. I am surprised she has not it
written." ^
| ' She has not forgiven us for getting ^
married sr quietly," he went on. "We cj
: had better go back to London and make ft
! our peace with her. Don't you want to b
see the house my aunt left me at High- f,
gate?" ti
Stella sighed. The society of the lc
man she loved was society enough for ir
her. Was he getting tired of his wiff ^
already ? "
I will gc with you wherever yon E
nice. one saiu uiese woras m lonesoi h
sad submission, and gentlv got Tip from lc
Lis knee. *c
He rose also, and took from the sofa
the letter which he had thrown on it.
"Let ns see what our friends say,"
ho resumed. " The address is in Lor- ^
icg's handwriting." ^
A3 he approached the table on which a:
the lamp was burning, she noticed that U
he moved with a langour that was new ai
in her experience of him. He sat down ^
and opened the letter. She watched e(
him with an anxiety which had now be- li
come intensified to suspicion. The *1
shade of the lamp still prevented her ^
from seeing his face plainly.
"Jfast vhat I told you," he said; oi
" the Lorings want to know when they a]
are to see us in London, and your
mother says she 'feels like that chaiac- ?'
ter in Shakespeare who was cut by his 11
own daughters.' Read it." pHe
handed her the letter. In taking tl
it, she contrived to touch the lamp- h
shade, as if by accident, and tilted it so Ql
that the full flow of the light fell on ^
him. He started back, but not before n,
she had seen the ghastly pallor on his It
I face. She had not only heard it from h
Lady Loriug, she knew it from his own ^
unreserved confession to her what that 1S
startling change really meant. In nn ^
instant she was on her knees at his ai
feet. h
"Oh, my darling !" she cried, "it ai
j was cruel to keep that secret from your ^
I wii'e. You have heard it again!" p
Slie was too irresistibly beautiful at D:
that moment to be reproved. He ^
gently raised her from the floor, and cj
owned the troth. 1.
"Yes," he said; " I heard it after &
... ? rc
you left me on the JBeividere, ]ust as l ?
heard it on another moonlight night, ^
when Major Hynd was here with me. w
Our return to this house is perhaps the tl
cause. I don't complain ; T have had a ^
long release." ^
She threw her arms around his neck, t]
" We will leave Vange to-morrow," tl
she said. ^
It was firmly spoken. But her heart ^
i sank, as the words passed her lips. n
Vange Abbey had been the scene of the t]
most unalloyed happiness in her life. P
What destiny was waiting for her when l
: shp. retnniftd to London? ^
(To be continued.) .?
11
A Slaughter of Swallows. |
A Milanese sporting paper, La Cac- h
cia, makes known an instance of pur- b
I poseless slaughter scarcely equaled per- a:
! haps in modern times. Under the re
I heading "A Most Important Shooting a:
! Match," the following letter from an tl
| individual signing himself "Circaetus I
; Gallicus" is given: I send you intelli- n
! gence of a most important swallow;
shooting accomplished by Signor Pagj
lia. and which, as a feat of endurance
; and skill, will make the round ol tne
! sporting papers. On the 2d September si
' Signor Paglia, with a retinue of spven- h
i teen persons, men and boys, went to a if
| place called Battiferro, some two kilo- h
| meters distant from Bologna, about 6:30 t]
a. m-, with six central-fire breeehload- h
ers. The day was very favorable for t(
the match, being rainy. The swallows t<
passed in large numbers the whole day, n
! and the shooting lasted till 6:15 p. m., a
I with the interval of an hour for refresh- n
i ment. The insuperable (!) Paglia closed a
I this splendid day, killing 2J186_swal- c:
| lows (I repeat, two thousand one hun- v
I dred and eighty-six), bringing them tl
: down one by one on the wing. They c<
were picked up before a jury composed f<
of Sigtxori Cavaliere, Neri, Baralol n
(presidents of the Bologna Shooting c;
club), Coun^Massai, Grazioli, Caprini, o
Giorgi, Bragaglia and Gludicini. li
The new " l^llow Book" on opium
shows that in CLma there are 2,000,000
opium smokers who annually spend *
OlOS AAA AAA i .. - JT ' f<
i un urug. i ^
\
The Diphtheria Plant.
Some light was thrown on the origii
>f diphtheria in . a lecture before th<
Philadelphia Academy of Natural Sciences,
by Prof. Horatio (i Wood, wh<
ave the result of his rese* * ; -on
lection with Dr. Henry F% in
-olving the important dis%_^- tha
his fatal and insiduons diseas is propagated
by a microscopic plant or fungi
ousting in all human beings, especiall:
n the mouth and throat, but lacking
he power of reproduction until givei
ncreased vitality by those discrderec
:onditions of the mucous membra:: <
riiich attend sore throat when causec
>y cold. The investigations were mad<
it the instance of the National Boari
>f Health, and extended, not only t(
he phenomena attending the ordinary
ndemic diphtheria existing in Phila
lelphia, but to the more violent forn
ccurring from time to time in differen
>laces. Dr. Formad visited aninfectec
own on Lake Michigan, where one
hird of all the children in a marshy
[istrict died of the epidemic, anc
irought back with him specimens of th<
[iphtheric virus, several of the fals<
aembranes which are.invariably formed
a the throats of fiffiicted persons
na portions of thesi?.~vic&ta? ."si
>lood, said the Profew^^^^HHR
inds of corpus ie.s,Vs&& ied of eelor
iiviug, and the w?ite. By cstrehi
tndy and experiment, both. in-ltumar
eings and the lower" animals,' it waj
onnd that this infinitesimal plan'
astens npon the white corpuscles anc
inltiplies its cells, altering their char
ctev until, with the interior destroyed,
hey burst, and the plants, set loose ii
n irregular mass, separate and go of
adividually, to continue the destracive
work on other corpuscles. Thus
acreased, they poison the blood, chok<
he vessels, and are found in myriad
umbers in the spleen and bone mar
ow, where the blood is manufactured,
'rof. Wood's investigations show thai
he false membrane, supposed to inva
iablv indicate the presence of diphtheLa,
may be caused by ammonia, Spansh
fly, or any other irritating influence
a the throat, so that its presence is nol
ifallibie as indicating the existence oJ
[lis disease. But in any case the false
lembrane is built up by this parasitjal
plant, wlr i grows and multiplies
pon its infi med surroundings, whatver
may be -ts cause. It is when the
lants grow strong enough to extend tc
tie blood, either poisoning it them
gives or carrying the poison with them,
bat diphtheria sets in. This little
lant is exactly the same as found upon
coated tongue. Whan Prof. Wood
ut plants such as p.re found upon a
ealthy tongue in sterilized matter tkej
tiled to grow. On the contrary, plants
'om the throat cr blood of a person af;cted
with diphtheria multiplied rapily.
The practical result of the invesgation
pointed out was the possibility
aat diphtheria, if existing theories
old good, may be prevented by artifiial
vaccination. In the case of splenic
jver caught from animals, which has
. ,1 i^ i.~ * ? ?? 1
ecu pruvcu iu uiigxuato 111 it aumcvyuai
!milar plant, Pasteur has found that
le plant, when exposed a sufficient
me to the air, by the action of oxygen,
>ses its poisonous character, and when
ltroduced into the system makes the anilal
sick, but is no longer fatal. The de
action is that this diphtheric plant,
;ientilieally known as "micrococi,"
tay in time be cultivated so that when
loculated with ifc the system will be no
inger subject to the disease in its fatal
>rm.
Man and Woman Compared.
M. Delaunay, who is well-known and
jspected as a*man of sci^pce in France,
as recently published a small work on
Oman's physical and intellectual status
3 compared with man's, in which he
ikes a bold ground at the very start,
id proceeds, dv scienunc iacts ana oo?rvations,
to show that in all highly
ivilized societies woman is not man's
jual. Daring the fiist twelve years of
fe the female in certain respects excels
le male, and among peasants it often
appens that the female is the superior
erson of the two ; but as age advances,
ad particularly as we rise in the scale
C culture, the difference is reversed,
id in greater ratio as the intelligence
ecomes greater. Thus the superiority
E woman is sometimes met with among
iferior races, but never among superior
oes. Among the signs of woman's
hysieal inferiority, M. Delaunay cites
lese : The nutritive phenomena with
er are less intense ; the blood is less
ens-1, and contains fewer red and more
hite globules; she eats less, although
le eats more frequently; her pnlmoary
capacity is less and she absorbs
?ss oxygen; her temperature is lower;
er skeleton, in proportion to the total
eight of the body, is lighter; she
i not so right-handed; although she
[ten appears larger, she is not so
eavy; she is more flat-footed and les?
robed, which is "a sign of inferiority
er voice is sharper; her movements
re less precise, and [among pianists the
Lechanism reaches in her a much lower
egree of perfection that in man. Resecting
mental endowments, M. Delauay's
observations are these : The craium
in woman has not so great a caacity
as the cranium in man, the mean
ipacity of the two being 1.446 and
226 cubic centimetres respectively, a
ifference of 220 centimetres against
oman ; in woman the cranium is less
igh and more elongated ; it is not so
ahw anrl. finp-llv. ntinfina' another
? ~ ' J - 7 V 3 ^ ?? O
Titer, M. Del ana ay says that among
le most intelligent societies in the
oiid there is a notable proportion oi
omen whose brains "approach more tc
je volnme of those of certain gorillas"
lan do the least developed crania oi
le masculine sex?a'libeious statement,
hich is printed because it is interestlg,
and not because it is true. M. Detunay
holds further that -women have
ot shown themselves equal to men on
leir own ground when given equal cportunities.
Female musicians from
lucation havo become very excellent
erformers, but there are none
ho have become great composers.
I is the same, he says, with
ainting and the art of cooking,
.mong the thousands of women whc
ave exercised the latter art, there have
een few, if any, cm-dons bleus. Even
3 printers, while women work witfc
linute care, they work mechanically
ad "without knowing very well what
aey are doing." As we said before, M.
)elaunay's statements are reprinted
lerely for what they are worth.
He Did >*ot Advertise.
A nervous-looking man went into a
tore the other day and sat down foi
alf an hour or so, when a clerk asked
there was anything she could do foi
im. He said no; he didn't want anyling.
She went away, and he sat there
alf an hour longer, when the proprie vr
TS7ont. fA Viirn onri flstpd if ViP XTDTlhpr?
) be shown anything. "No," said the
ervons man; "I jast wanted to sit
ronnd. My physician has recom
lended perfect qniet for me, and says,
bove all things I must avoid being ic
rowds. Noticing that yon did not ad'
ertise in the newspapers, I thonghl
tiat this wonld be as qniet a place as J
onld find, so I jnst dropped in for s
2W honrs of complete isolation." The
lerchant picked np a bolt of pape:
ambric to brain him, but the man wenl
ut. He said all he wanted was a nuiei
:fe.
The garrison hospital at Metz con^
rins complete stores and eqnipments.
:> the smallest details, for 3, COO sici
yr three years. These stores are tut
anched in time of r "ace.
i
i
m u
1
V HI
Lile in an Esquimau Hut.
i ! The correspondent who accoiupanie<
5 the Arctic expedition of Lieutenan
- Greeley, gives this graj>hic account o
5 the interior of an Esquimau hut, and th
- every-dav costume of its mistress :
At Proven a better opportunity fo
fc studying the habits of the primitiv
- Esquimaux was afforded than at an;
, other place we have visited. The wlial
j ersand exploring parties seldom visi
I it and the influence of the white mai
i is less perceptible. They retain thei
3 : habits of life as practiced before the;
3 I improved their condition, to a greate
1 I avtanf flion in /"iflifir norfa /if nrl
4 VAivuw
i I spent four hours consecutively in cn
1 of their least attractive "igloos," o
) huts. My pretext for so protracted i
7 stay was ostensibly ayeaiting th? com
- pletion rf a cap of eider down, 03
i which one of the sqnaws was engaged
t The hut was built of turf, moss an:
1 stone, and was entered by a long, narrov
. low passage or tnnnel?so low that .
7 was compelled to crawl on hands an<
I feet, a most disagreeable and lmmiliat
; ing proceeding, as the dogs and native
i (not much better in the point of clean
i liness) also have ingress and egresi
, through the same vestibule. Ori reach
I the honse in an extremely
L uting on the shelf or . platform 01
f ;T9hich they sleep. By due process..-o
? ibarter a neckerchief that I had worn w&
L transferred to the possession of" th<
- squaw in exchange for the eider cap t<
, wnich I referred, and which she at onc<
i proceeded to make, first measuring th<
f dome of my intellect with great preci
- sion. The room wa3 too low to admi
3 of standing upright. No stove or fire
? place appeared; as a substitute was i
I hollowed stone, used as a lamp, witl
seal oil for fuel and moss for a wick
TKn of-morr* nf f cx mnm woe eff
i fling and extremely nauseating fron
- the odor of sealskins strewn around
. The sleeping arrangements were mosi
. simple. A platform about two feet higl
5 and extending from the wall about sb
; feet occupied one side of the room
E This is the receptacle of skins and fan
daring the day, and when the natives
retire they make it a general couch,
each disciple of Morpheus drawing ovei
himself or herself so many of the skin?
as are necessary for comfort. The COS'
tame of the Esquimaux women is sc
nearly like that of the men that at firsl
, glance it is difficult to distinguish the
s sexes. The women, however?as all
i the world over?dress in a more pleasing
[ manner tuan tne men. ?ne costume
. generally consists of a pair of daintv
bcots of dressed sealskin, stained difi
ferent colors and ornamented with small
pieces cut in fancy forms which reacL
above the knee. Then come the panta
loons, or trunks, also of sealskin, but
with the hair on. These arc very short,
i reaching hardly half way down the
limbs, where they meet the boots 01
: leggings. The upper part of the body
, is covered by a loose fitting cassock, or
i smock, devoid of buttons, which is
; pulled on over the head. An attached
i hood can be drawn over the head or allowed
to fall back on the shoulders at
. pleasure. A pair of the aforementioned
trunks, or pantaloons, was the only part
of the costume that the dusky maker
of my cap sa v fit to wear. She appeared
to work with greater facility,
however, than if trammeledjjwith cloth.
ing, as she deftly held the materials
in nnci+irn TrifVi Iter f nos wTii'Ia sVlAtrim.
med or fitted them. Two or three children
were hanging about her without
seeming to impede her progress in the
least. As soon as completed she placed
the cap on my head, and proved at
once the possession of at least one
quality ic. ^rnmon with her more civilized
sisters, of being able to flatter by
showing in gestures and expressions
of great admiration, bnfc whether for hei
handiwork or onr appearance we could
not determine. I was indeed glad to
, escape from the nnfragrant place. The
one window was made of membraneous
tissue of the stomach of the seal.
This substance when oiled became almost
as transparent as glass. Many oi
the natives, however, live in much
better dwellings than the one I bave
described. Such a one represents the
habitations of the poorer class.
Russian Treasure House at Moscow.
The treasure house of the Romanoffs
is indeed a sight worth seeing. The
position of Russia as the link, or rathex
the barrier, between east and west, was
a favorable one for amassing the
treasures of two continents, and her
rulers know how to avail themselves
of it. Wars and marriages and alliances
all contributed their quota; foreign
artists were encouraged to settle in
Moscow, and from them the natives
1 soon became adepts in the working oi
1 iron, steel and the precious metals.
; Monuments of their skill as founders
mav be seen in the great bell and cannon
1 that lie ai the foot of the tower of -John
1 the Great. Russian history is epitomized
in the collection that is here displayed.
It consists of trophies of Pol'
tava, the keys of Brail a, the standard of
Varna, a throne sent by Abbas Mirja,
' the helm of S Alexander Nevsky, the
banner of Di -itri, the rich dalmatic oi
Czar A1 axis, and the rongh garb won:
by Peter in the work-shop of Saardaam,
' the sword of Minin with Arabic inscrip1
tion?of Minin, who turned out the
1 Poles, and whose statue., with uplifted
arm, seems to call upon Alexander III.
' to be in turn the savior of his country ;
; caskets of sandal-wood, cypress and
: cedar; swords of a steel that the world
| can no longer produce, glittering ar^ior,
. the chain mail of the Caucasus or bear
ing the delicate tracery of Damascus:
arrows, ivoiy-tipped and battle axes,
lances and yataghans; primitive flinl
locks, quaint old revolvers, and breech"
! loaders of the sixteenth century.
"FTprfl are cn.the.Ted vessels of cold and
of silver, porcelain and crystal, jaspai
| and agate, ivory and jade?chaliceSj
1 wassail cups, dishes and vases, among
1 them specimens of English goldsmith's
work of the reigns of Elizabeth, Charles
1 I. and: II.,* precious stuffs woven in
Indian looms?the textile triumphs ol
1 Persia and Europe?banners and pen!
nants and hangings, imperial robes and
1 priestly vestments of tapestry, taffetas
' and velvet, of silk and satin and sable,
of cloth of gold and tissue of silver.
' fringed, brocaded, broidered and sewr
with orient pearl. Here are the crowns
L of many kingdoms and princes?oi
Kazan, Astrackhan and Georgia; of th(
I grand master of the knights of St. John,
i of Michael, first czar of the house ol
j Komanoflf; of Peter, of John and of the
I Empress Anne?all wrought in finesl
; gold and incrusted with untold wealti
; j of precious scones?turquois, ruby, sap
: I phire and emerald, sardonyx and bervl,
' | chalcedony and amethyst, pearls ol
\ I .i j- n _ ? r Tv
' i urmuz anu uiamuiius ui wiuuuua. j.j.
|! short, the treasuries of the palace ol
11 Moscow are a store house of spoil, fron
; j the conquered and piincely gifts ol
'! vassals and tributaries, and of allies
'' from London to Constantinople, fron
1 Samarcand to Lebanon. And strangf
I irony of fate, the inheritor of all this
wealth and power, the absolute ruler oi
80,000,000 of people, a ruler as yet in
nocent of cruelty or oppression, the sor
II and successor of Russia's murderec
i sovereign, is obliged to creep to th<
; home of Lis ancestors through the ser
| ried ranks of his soldiery, aud stea.'
j away unobserved like a tliief in th<
I nitrTtf ?If infirm Stem (blTCl.
Mr. Groesbeck, of Ohio, testifies tba
the days of stamp-speaking campaign:
: are passing by, because "the press i
taking the place of oratory."
Malaria.
:i There is so much ignorance upon the
11 subject of malaria that a few words are
f I in order at a time when people are sub- i
o ;eet to r^aianai influences. iuaiana,
whicli means simply bad air, is the eomr
moil name o? a class of diseases, which
e commonly arise from sprose of decaying
y vegetable matter, either rising from
- stagnant pools: or piles of vegetation
t undergoing decomposition. These
2 pores when inhaled with the breath
r or taken into the system with water
y soon enter the blood and germinating
r there had a foothold, whence the whole
. system is poisoned by them and the j
e j various functions disordered. When
r | the germ theory of disease was first ex- !
r? I -./I ' t fViaon i
I* piUItCU ail ? CtO BUj^^UOCU IIUU J
- spores were of animal nature, and like
i the bacteria in diphtheria were propa.
gated in the blood, bnt thej are now
1 conceived to be of vegetable origin,
v like the fungi found on decaying wood
r or in cellars. The source of this state
1 of the air is generally swamps or stag
nant pools, which, partially dried by
s the hot sun, send forth vapors loaded
- with this malarial poison. These vas
pors descend to the earth in the night
- cooled by the loss of temperature, and
s ^reathed^ysleep^a^readily inhaled.
1 ties are never healthy, though they are I
f more so when the water is high. Again, I
5 the drainage of honses, slaughter j
2 houses, barns, etc.. are a fertile I
) source of malaria. As a general rale j
J the drainage of tanneries in con- j
3 sequence of the lime used and the
tannin in the water is not as objection
fc able as other drainage. Usually houses |
on bluffs or hills are but little subject
i to malaria, because they are above the
i poisoned vapors when they settle in
. the cooler air of night. One will often
- notice in coming into the neighborhood
i of one of these sluggish streams that
. pass through almost every village a
t most villainous smell, is caused by the i
i offensive refuse which communicates
: its bad odor to the atmosphere, espe.
cially on hot days. This absorbed into
> the system by the lungs or taken in
3 through water, which also absorbs it
, from the air. poison the blood and de
range the whole system. This poison is
> also developed in force in wells and
- CTirinera Trlion fliAV ViAfnmp Inw. ?nd the I
> result of drinking these is the same as
breathing the poisonous air. In a time
of drought the great quantity of vegeta- j
tion that dries up in the meadows, stub- j
ble fields and pastures, the cornfields j
and forest leaves produce the same i
effluvia. On the prairies when large j
tracts of prarie ground are turned over, j
the decaying vegetation is a widespread j
cause of malaria. It will be noticed I
that whenever there is a long continued |
drought in the late summer and fali i
there is always an abundance of malaria, j
This is dry malaria, and is very common |
at such times.
mm^
A $1,.!500,000 Diamond Found,
i [ From all accounts the wonderful Koh-,
i-noor, or "Mountain oi JLagnt," tne prop- ;
. eitj of her majesty, is eclipsed by a re- ,
, cently discovered diamond lately found
in South Africa, and now in the posses- '
i sion of Sir. Porter-Rhodes, who is, I !
believe, the fortunate discoverer of the
, gem. The weight of the newly found
! stone is 150 carats. It is uncut, but
. from its peculiarly favorable shape is
; not expected to lose more than ten car-'
ats during the process. The diamond !
, is as big as a very large walnut, and is
i described as "liie a hailstone in sun i
light, of a bewitching transparency and '
brilliant whiteness no other precious
i crystal can vie with." Most Cape dia- j
i monds are of an inferior yellowish tinge, ,
which detracts from the value of the
stones; but this specimen is not only
i the largest ever discovered, but of a
purity unsurpassed by any of its com-.
peers. I understand that the stone was
, recently shown to che Prince of Wales [
i at Matlborough House, and that his !
i best diamonds, when placed beside the
Porter-Rhodes stone, were seen to be i
. "off color." Offers for his property !
' flow in upon the lucky owner from all j
parts of Europe. The first offer re- j
! ceivea was ?oO,OCO; the last made, last |
i week, was ?100,000. The owner's!
bankers, I hear, are willing to advance j
?00,000 against the security. The j
stone will not, it is thought, change j
hands under ?200,000, which is just j
i ?60,000 n.ore than the famous Koh-i- j
' j noor is valued at. Mr. Porter-Rhodes ;
' asks the trilling sumoi ?auu,uuu, or 5>i,-.
i 500,000 for his property, and does not j
> seem in any hurry to dispose of it. It ;
is rumored that a Eussim prince is in !
i treaty for the jewei.?London setter.
Beds atd lied-Ciolhes.
As at least one-third of our lives is :
; passed in our beds, their arrangement j
and furnishing is a matter of no small ;
importance. The new steel spring bed i
1 is, of course, the bed of the future. I
Fulfills every intention of flexibility;
it is durable; it goes with the bedstead, |
as an actual part of it, and it can never j
be a nest or receptacle of contagion or i
impurity. On the subject of bed
clothes the points that have most to be j
enforced are that heavy bed-clothing is !
; always a mistake, and that weight in no !
true sense means warmth. The light j
1 down quilts or coverlets which are !
coming into general use are the great- j
est improvements that .have been made
1 in our time in regard to bed-clothes.
One of these quilts takes well the place
of two blankets, and they cause much
! less fatigue from weight than layer
L npon layer of blanket covering. The
clothing must be regulated according
i to the needs of eacii individual; the
body under the clothes must neither
I be too cold or too hot; but it is better
i to sleep with too little than too much
> clothing:. The position of the bed in j
the fte'd-room is of moment. The foot I
of the bed to the fire-place is the best j
! arrangement when it can be carried out. j
The bed should be away from the door,
i so that the door does not open upon it,
and should never, if it can be helped, i
> be between the door and fire. If the J
5 head of the bed can be placed to the j
l east, so that the body lies in the line oi i
E the earth's motion, I think it is j
the best position for the sleeper, j
I The furniture of the bedroom, i
5 other than the bed, should be !
i of the simplest kind. The chairs j
> should be uncovered, and free from :
i stuffing of woolen or other material; !
j the wardrobe should have closely-fit- j
' ting doors; the utensils should hav? :
; I nlnsftlv-fittine' covers : and everything i
i j that can in any way gather dnst should i
f be carefully excluded.
i Deadly Dust,
i Dr. Leidy, of Philadelphia, believes ;
that the dust of our cities is a serious :
, source of disease. "When we reflect," j
E he says, "that this is the dried anl pul- j
I verized dirt and filth of our streets, de[
rived from all kinds of refuse matter, j
i the dangerous quality maybe suspected, j
II if tbey are not clearly obvious. Con- j
5 [ veyed by the winds, it is diffused every- ;
i ; where, and settles upon and adheres to !
; | everything. We inhale it, drink it and :
5 eat it with our food. A speck of mud
r on our bread excites disgust, but -who |
- minds the same thing when it is nothing I
i but a little Just. If ocr food just 1
I brought from the market or provision \
} store is examined with a microscope, it
- is found to teem with particles of dust,
I consisting of find sand, bits of hay- i
i straw, filaments of cotton from old paper
and rags, wood fiber, hair and scnrf
scales of men and beast, starch grains,
t spores, etc. Recent investigations
5 render it probable that dust contains the
3 germs of decompisition, gangrene and
contagious diseases."
RELIGIOUS READLM;.
Relislouft News and Note*.
The work of the Methodist Church in .
Italy is progressing with remarkable
rapi'dity and encouragement.
| A new missionary society called the
"Evangelical Association in behalf of |
the German Protestants in America,"
has been formed in Bremen, Germany.
The Rev. D. D. Carrie, of the Centenary
Methodist Episcopal church, St.
JoIids, X. B., has received a call to the ;
church at Denver, Colorado, at a saiaiv \
of 85,000 a year. \
Eex-Governor Dingley, of Maine, re- i
cently elected to Congress, is an active ;
member of the Congregational Church j
in Lewistos n, of which Senator Frye ,
(whom he succeeds) is also a member. t
In California the Episcopal clergy number
fifty-four; parishes and mis i,
sions, forty; Sunday school scholars, ]
3,275; baptisms last year, 610, of which ]
113 were adult; confirmations, 361 ;
communicants, 3,602; offerings, $94,- }
Otfci. Yliiue UJL CilLUCil spx^riy," j J
550, on which there is an indebtedness (
of $56,050. 1
The South Congregational Sunday {
school of New Britain Connecticut, j
familiesj-looking after absent scholars,. ,
etc. It?ts thedargest J^tesfcantjSan^ ?
day schoalin the. State, and numbers' j
Religions Traicps. ?
"That man is a religious tramp," 1
said Manager Bunting, of the Christian 5
Home for Intemperate Men. The man c
had apparently just passed middle life, j ?
"He can sing finely, pray earnestly, j *
and exhort eloquently. I wish I could j1
talk as well as he can." s
"WW dnrnn ^all him a religions I
tramp." ^ J
"I will explaj^ There are religious *
tramps just same as there are T
tramps who prej upon the general *
pnblic, and who are honest enough to s
make no pretense of religion. These s
religious tramps are known to every J
evangelist, clergyman and philanthro- *
pist. They haunt gospel temperance T
meetings, make religious professions a
in the meetings of the Women's 8
Christian Unions, and are present at ^
the mission rooms, and when one city fails 11
to afford them further pecuniary relief, 3
they start on the track of a temperance *
orator, or follcw up some revival move- ^
ment, visiting all parts of the country. I
God is not deceived. We are not de- s
ceived. Many just snch men, however, r
have been saved, and have led useful v
lives" k
"Ton do not mean to say that these ^
religious tramps are ever sincerely con- '
verted ?" F
"It is a fact. Because it is so these '
- "I _ Al I T
man are aspect to come tmaer unnsuan j
iEfluence. To be sure, many of them j t
will not reform. They love their ?
miserable drunken life. I have taken h
men into this home, cast their ragged 7
clothes into the ash-box, given them &
baths, a new suit of clothes, and sobered F
them up. Often they have secured
good places but, before giving a day's 8
application to their duties, they have t
deliberately gone back to Chatham a
and Baxter street dens and imbibed v
poison to that extent that my next <3
knowledge of them is that they are on
EJack well's Island shoveling ashes.
Mtn have been through all this and
then reform. It is a rare exception, v
however." 1
"What is the right side of this relig- L
iUUS WtlJUip ^iuluxc:
"These men have one common place v
of meeting. It is generally in a back v
room of a groggery of the lowest des- v
ciip'ion. I recall one particular place e
in Chatham street where hundreds of
them congregate, because I have had f:
occasion to snatch men from its influence.
In this place can be found men s
who were born tramps. The surround- e
ings of their lives have been such that v
they could not help following a -vicious n
course, almost from the cradle to the p
present. Associated with them, linked e
together by the common tie of misery,
are young men whose parents are hon- t
orable, respectable and wealthy citizens.
Drink has led them into errors, and i:
into the committal of crime. They r
have gone down step by step in the
social scale, until to-day they subsist t
almost entirely on liquid poisons, mere ! t
semblances of humanity. Some of! e
them have been cast off from parental""?!
recognition; in some instances they
draw a specified amount of money from t'
home at regular intervals. I have put i:
just such men on" their feet again, and
for years pasi I have been blessed in a
"? - - x"U ~
Knowing tnat tnev are enjoying me ;
confidence of their families, filling good y
situations and leading Christian lives." a
One of these men, who has been for c
some time leading an honest life, has i'
a good situation in a business house,
and looks on his past career as a ter- t
rible nightmare, was asked: v
"What led you to put yourself under i g
Christian influence?"
"Religion was far from my thoughts j t
when I took the first step to sober up. J c
My sole object was to secure a new suit; g
of clothes in place of the 'hand-me-1
downs' I was then wearing." j 1
"What do you mean by lis 1-me- j c
downs ?"
"Hand-me-downs are obtained in j \
this way. A man in a temporary in- j 1
terval of soberness secures a new suit |
of clothes, say worth about $30. As he has r
no money to purchase more whisky, he I
enters a Baxter street second-hand r
clothing shop. Possibly he is in a drug- c
ged condition. He receives an old i
wom suit in place of his new one,
and not more than a dollar or two be- 1
sides. Very likely he fails to remem- r
ber the place, and the recovery of his a
snit. ftf clothes. when he comes to t
Ms reason, is a matter of impossibility, f
Well, I had heard that I could go to c
some evangelist, concoct a good story
abont desire for repentance, talk and
pray, and I would secure my new
clothes and a month's board. I tried ^
the plan. I did not want religion. I c
did not believe that I could be saved. g
In a few weeks I was in my right mind. "
Good influences had begun their work ?
upon me. I was ashamed of my deceit. j
I confessed my purpose to defraud j.
The kindness shown me, the convic- j c
tion that came to me that I could re- j E
form, brought with it the determina- c
tion to do so, and I can only look back j ?
at my past course with horror."
Another man who had once been g
under Christian teachings, but who re- t
fused to be guided by them after he got j.
away from their influence, said, re- j.
ferring to the means of living in tramps T
quarters. "We manage it in various j.
ways. We put up a job on some minis- a
ter or generous Christian, and by the e
good talking of some one of our nam- j
ber get a little money or good clothes, [
These we turn into money. We win ~
their svmpathies by professions of re- v
ligion, and most always get aid to visit ^
our homes in some far-off locality, n
Then some of our number work tem- c
porarily. They s^end their money in r
treating, and thus one helps the other." (But
these men deceive no one, it is
said, although they think they are not ?
read through and through by those who ^
try to reform thc-m. Iiev. Dr. Tynjf, j
before his departure for Europe, was in (
the habit on winter mornings of piving r
a hot breakfast to the outcasts, bring- ^
iag them in from the highways. One ?
morning he fed several hundred on a
good, nourishing breakfast. Knowing
that all of them would readily assert ]
that they desired to give up drink, re- s
form, and become Christian men, he i
said to them : "There are many of you '
this morning doubtless saying in your
micas: 'What a soft thing \re have
got on Dr. Tyrg. We will go up and
beat him out of a hot. breakfast, aci he
is welcome to keep his religion.' l\ow
I am satisfied that if I can only ^ve
one man out of tiiis large number present
here this morning, the object of this*-"
entertainment has been secured."?J\ew
York Sun.
Mad-Stoues. * Jpfgjj
An Illinois doctor sends from %
Fieldon in that State the following letter
to the New Sort Sun: We have
two reputed mad-stones in Jersey
County. One belongs to Jacob Luiton,
Esq., of Newborn. It appears to bo a
fossil coral. It is somewhat concave
ni nnp pvJa and onnvex on the Other.
slightly porous, of a grayish color, and
ibout an inch across. It is said to be
3ne-half of the original, which drew so
iard upon the bite of a dog that it
Droke in two. It is applied to the . "|5
wound, and it adheres so tiglitlv that it
i?ill take off pieces of the skin if one
;ries to remove it by force. It will
Irop off in a few hours, and it is then 'r-M
Doiled in sweet milk, alter which it will
tdhere to the wound
&L$ay^of treatment it :will.not stiek, ;
square, ai-inch and a-halt long?" Js
ookslike a; piece .of black slate with
i high- polish. It is.applied like the
)ther stone, but to'extract the poison . '^3
iter it has fallen off It is pat Into hot,
veak lye made of wood ashes, and for ' ' cim
several minutes it will send out bubbles'
)f air or gas, that come out of the stone"
ind rise to the top of the flaid. When
t ceases to bubble is taken out and
ubbed dry with warm ashes and again
tpplied.
In ihe year 1864, I believe, one of
roim Gorin's sons, a lad of 12 years, was *|
>itten by a mad dog in several places
ipon both hands. My brother and I,
>oth being physicians, and naturally
keptical concerning mad stones, went
-i ? -i? x ii---- v? ;}
everai miiu hils uvj . .iuuuu - ^
dm with both mad-stones adhering to
he wounds. We found the tongue
chitA and velvety, the skin sallow, and
, peculiar contracted pulse of 110. In
, short time the boy regained his usnal /?
Lealth. He was evidently under excite--'"
aent when we visited him. The stones
dhered in this case about eight days,
he black stone sticking for about two
[ays after the other would no longer act.
lorses, hogs and geese were bitten by the
atne dog and went mad, but the boy fey
ecovered. The next cases I saw in V|
rbich these stones were cried were
hose of Nat Irvin and Miss Nancy
Vatson, of Delhi. These young people
rere bitten ia 1867, 1 believe, in several
laces on the legs and arms. The stones
rere sent for and used in the usual way.
had a chance to see the daily use of
hem, as I resided in Delhi at the time.
'hey both got well, and are now living
a that vicinity. The dog that bit these . -j-JI
oung people was undoubtedly rabid,
nd stock bitten by it died of hydrohobia.
These are the only reputed mad
tones I ever saw, and their efficacy m
he three cases under my o sni notice.
nd the similar statements of persons of
mrJ/vnVifo^ TlSVA TPTTVOVPrl TQV
Lisbelief ill the virtue of read stones.
About Adwrtisiu?. j
If you can arouse curiosity by an ad- \
ertisement it is a great point gained. / 5*?|sh
.'he fair sex don't hold all the curiosity
a the -world. % \
A thing worth doing is worth doing
.-.11 A ^inir wn-th <1/1 T7^r*"!<31Tl C 1ft
rcil* A buiug n Vi-VM . v?w...q _ v
rorth advertising well. A newspaper '
rorth advertising in once' is worth
aaking a contract with.
Don't expect an advertisement to bear
rait in one night.
It is a mistaken notion that a fine
tore in an eligible location, snrroundd
by attractive sign, is a superior adertisement;
for the experience of the
lost enterprising merchants is that it
ays better to spend less in rent and
aore in advertising. J
Advertising is the pole that knocks
he persimmons. ^
Don't be afraid to invest in printer's ""Jj
nk, lest your sands of life be nearly
Trjing to do business without adverising
is like winking at a pretty girl
hrough a pair of green goggles. You _ . j
aay know what yoc.-^.v. ~ i.
?ody else does.
The enterprising advertiser proves
hat he understands how to buy, because *?3
q advertising he knows hove to selL
Bread is the staff of human life, and
dvertising is the staff of business.
A simple card may profitably stand j
ears without changing, but a sensation j
dvertisement should be changed as
iftpn as vou can eret the printer to do
We don't recommend advertising as
he best way to get a good wife, but
re can recommed it as the best way to J
;et a good trade. 1
A heavy advertisement once is more j
han quadrupled in value by a small
ard published for few months after,
;ivingyour address.
You can't; eat enough in a week to
ast you a year, and you can't advertise
in that plan either.
Now is the time to think about ad ertising,
and reflection should be fol- 1
owed by judicious aetion. I
To make a man realize an idea as you ~ii
ealize it is what is necessary to make . 1
tim understand his needs. Advertise*
aents should aim to place a matter so
learly before the public that they see
? "jj
fc as clearly as the advertiser does.
Enterprising people are beginning to
earn the value of advertising the vgatonnd.
The persistency of those "who
,re not intimidated by the cry of "dull IB
imes," but keep their names ever beore
the public, will surely place them
>n the right side in the end.
Measures for the Czar's Safety. |
The St. Petersburg correspondent of
he Berlin TageblaU gives a description
>f the measures taken to insure the
afety of the czar in the Annitchkow
>alace, the town residence of the em>eror.
An underground passageway,
hrough which patrols pass every half
lour, surrounds the entire building. Ifc ^gl
an, moreover, be flooded at any moment
by connecting it with the Fotanka
anal, which passes close by. Negotia- J
ions to purchase the three houses 'V
ituated on the Nevskoi Prospect oppo
ite the palace, axe now going on beween
the ministry of the imperial
leasehold arid the owners. Among the
louses is the one in which SheJjabow, ;
rho was afterward hanged, perfected
lis plans, and in which Trigonij was
.rrested lately. The second house was
lected by Kobosew as a convenient .-Sj
>oint to start his mine from. From the
bird, the Hotel BelleTue, rented re
ently by tiie ministry oi tne imperial
loasehold, one can overlook when the . ;^lj
rees are leafless, the imperial gardens.
Lhe price demanded by the proprietors fl
if these three houses is only 6,000,090
ables, but this, it- is thought, will not
leter the authorities from baying the ^9
iroperty and converting it into kage
>arracks. The rumor that the bnilddrs
are to be offered by the czar as
odgin^s to oincfrs of his household is
liscreditod, probably in view of the
nany defections which have lately
)een discovered among his immediate
Until lately the New York Central
Sailrcad has been in the habit of nsicg
steel rails n-ade in England, but is now
ising rails made at tie rolling mills in

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