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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, December 21, 1881, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1881-12-21/ed-1/seq-1/

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| WEEKLY EDITION. ^ \ WIXNSBORO, S. C- WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 21. 1881. ^ ESTABLISHED IN 184a ^
THE BLACK ROBE.
BX WILKIE COLLINS.
t ?
v. ?AUTHOB of?
L "THE \TOiIAN ix v/mn:," "tits moo*
V STONE," "AFTZE DABK," "XO
?vtv ivmstto." "tfttilawast
THE LADY," "THE JvEW MAGDALEN*,"
ETC., ETC.
k : ~~
"v.-- " On arriving at Ten Acres Lodge I
found Komayno in Ms study. His manuscript
lav before him?but he was not at
work. He looked worn and haggard.
To this day I don't know from what precise
nervous malady he suffers ; I could
^ only guess that it had been troubling him
again since he and I last met.
" My first conventional civilities were
dedicated, of course, to his wife. She
is still in attendance " on her mother.
Mrs. Eyreccurt is now considered to be
k out of danger. But the good lady {whc
is ready enough to recommend doctors
x- -i.i 1 -\
tu umer peupiey peisxsis JXI CUULUXXU^ LJUCU
she is too robust a person to require
medical help herself. The physician
in attendance trusts entirely to hei
j daughter to persuade her to persevere
^ -with the necessary course of medicine.
Don't suppose that I trouble you bj
mentioning these trumpery circumstances
'without a reason. "We shall have occasion
to return to Mrs. Eyrecomi and
her daughter.
" Before I had been ten minutes is
his company Romayne asked me if I had
seen Winterneld since his visit to Ten
Acres Lodge.
"I said I had seen him, and waited,
anticipating the next question. Iiomayne
fulfilled my expectations. Ee
inquired if "Winterfield had left London.
" There are certain, cases (as I am told
^ by medical authorities) in which the
dangerous system of bleeding a patient
still has its advantages. There are
other cases in which the dangerous system
of telling the truth becomes equally
judicious. I said to Eomayne: 1 If I
answer you honestly will you cc aaidei
it as strictly confidential'? Mr. "9 "interl
field, I regret to say, has no inter: ion of
^ improving his acquaintance with. you.
He asked me to conceal from y< u that
he is still in London.'
" Eomayne's face plainly betrayed
that he was annoyed and irritated.
'Nothing that you say to me, Father
t Benwell, shall pass the walls cS this
^ room,' he replied. - 'Did Winterfield
give any reason for not continuing his
acquaintance with me ?
"I told the troth once more with
courteous expressions of regret. Mr.
WinterSeld spoke_of an ungracioTis reception
on the part of Mrs. Eomajne.'
Bj^ " Ke started to his feet, and walked
P_> irritably up and down the room. 'It is
. beyond endnrancej' he said to himself.
L - ." The truth had served its purpose by
& this time. I affected not to have heard
iiim. ' Did you speak to me ? I asked.
" He used a milder form of erpres,
sion.
V " 'It is most unfortunate,' he said'1
must immediately send back the val
uable book which Mr. "Winterfield has
lent to me. And that is not the worst
of it. There are other volumes in his
library which I have the greatest interV
est in consulting?and it is impossible
for me to borrow them now. At this
time, too, when I have lost Penrose, I
had hoped to find in "Winterfield another
friend, who sympathized with my
pursuits. There is something so cheer
k - ing and attractive in his manner, and he
^?: has just the boldness and novelty oi
- > view in his opinions that appeal to a
man like me. It was a pleasant future
to look forward to, and it must be sacrificed?and
to what ? To a woman's ca_
price.'
"Prom our point of view this was a
frame of mind to be encouraged. I tried
the experiment of modestly taking the
blame on myself. I suggested that I
might be (quite innocently to blame
V for Eomayne's d^appointment.
"He looked at me, thoroughly puzT
trT>of T "ko/3 eoi/1 f/v
ZJ.C7U.* JL rrx^cvu a. aawiw. MUU W
Winterfield: 'Did yon mention to Mrs.
. Bomayne that I ms the means of introp.
during yon?"
|^~ " He was too impatient to let me iinY
ish. the sentence.
"11 did mention it to Mrs. Romayne,'
he said. ' And what of it ?'
" 'Pardon me for reminding you that
Mrs. Romayne has prejudices,' I rejoined.
' Mr. "VTinterfield would, I fear,
not be verv welcome to her as the friend
V>i , v
* " 01 apnest.'
" He was almost angry with me for
suggesting the very explanation which
had proved so acceptable to "Winter
field.
"' Nonsense!' he cried. * My wife is
far too well-bred a woman to let her
* prejudices express themselves in that
way. Winterfield's personal appearance
-* must l:ave inspired her with some tmreasonable
antipathy, or?'
lip ^ i( He stopped and turned away
K Thoughtfully to the window. Some
B susP^c^on had probably entered
'l4-inind, which he had only became
MBS ce of at that moment, and which he
PPIff not quite able to realize as yet. I
di^inv best to encourage the new tram
Jrth > ,.
oi .ousrht.
B 7 !"What other reason can there be?' I
IV
Hp? askc^iturned
on mo sharply.
il 11 c&on't know*. Do you ?'
W " I ventured on a courteous rcmcnfijfc
strance. 4 ^j>y dear sir! if you can't fiud
Hm another reason^ how can I? It must
r have been a sua^len antipathy, as you
" say. Such things v do hap2>eu between
strangers. I suppose I am right in
assuming tbat IVIrs. l?omayne and Mr.
"Wiaterfield are strangers ?'
" His eyes dashed with a sudden sinister
brightness; the new iu'-oa had caught
light in his mind- ' N
"s They met as strangers,* he said.
" There he stopped again and returnee"
to the window. I felt that I .might lose
the place I had gained in his confidence
if I pressed the subject any further. Be
sides, I had my reasons for saying i
word about Penrose next. As it.happen
ed, I had received a letter from him re
lating to Lis present- employment, ant
sending kindest regards to his dea:
friend and master in a postscript.
-? " I gave the message. Bomavne lookec
W round with ad instant change ih his face
fev;' - . i
The mere sonnd of Penrose's i;jaa
seemed to u-ct as a relief to the g]oor
ami suspicion that had oppressed hii
the moment before.
"'You don't know how I miss th
1 i(Mr rrAiflA little? llASnir? cacllt
" 1 "Why not write to him ?' I snggest
\ e<l. ' He would be so glad to hour s
j from you again.'
j "'I don't know where to write.'
"'Did I not send you his addres
j when I forwarded your letter to him ?
| "'No.'
I " ' Then let me atone for my forget
; fulness at once.'
! "I wrote down tho address and tool
my leave.
"As I approached the door I noticed
on a side-table the volumes which Pen
rose left with liomayne. Ono of then
was open, with a pencil lying beside it
I thought that a good sign, but sai(
nothing.
"Eomayne pressed my hand at part
ing.
"'You have been very kind anc
friendly, Father BenweU,' he said
j 'I shall be glad to see ycra again.'
" Don't mention it in quarters where
it might do me harm. Do yon know, ]
really pitied him. He has sacrificed
everything to his marriage?and his
marriage has disappointed him. He
was "even reduced to be friendly witi
me.j
" Of course, when the time comes', ]
shall give Penrose leave of absence. Dc
you foresee, as I do, the speedy returr
of 'the dear, gentle little fellow' to his
old employment; the resumed work oJ
conversion advancing more rapidly tliar
ever; and the jealousy of the wife aggravating
the false position iii which she is
already placed by her equivocal reception
of ATintcrfield ? Patience, my reverend
colleague!
"The next day I called to inquire
how Mrs. Eyrecourt was getting on. The
report was favorable. Three days late]
T rnillod irriin Tlirt rPDOrt. TVflS stir
more encouraging. I -was also informed
that Mrs. Eomayne had retur- ,d to Ter
Acres Lodge.
" .Much of my success in life ha* seer
achieved by never being in a hurry. 3
was not in a hurry now. Time iomelimes
brings opportunities?and opportunities
are worth waiting for.
" Let me make this clear.
" Thus far the chance had only beer
in my favor in the one case of the meet
ing between Winterfield and Miss Eyre
court in the picture gallery. The time
was surely ripe for another chance ? De
sides, I recognized the necessity of no1
disturbing the renewal of relations be
tween Penrose and Eomayne by an}
premature proceeding. There, you hav<
two of my reasons for not being in ?
hurry! A man of headlong dispositior
in my place would probably havs spoker
of Miss Eyrecourt's marriage at the firsi
meeting between "Winterfield and Eo
mayne, and -would have excited thei:
distrust and put them respectively 01
their guard, without obtaining any use
foT result. I can at any time make th<
disclosure to Romayne which informs
mm that his wife had been Winter-field':
guest in Devonshire when she afiectec
to meet her former host on the footing
of a stranger. In the meanwhile I giv(
Penrose ample opportunity for innocent
ly widening the breach between husbanc
and wife.
"You see, I hope, that if I maintain i
passive position it is not from indolence
or discouragement. Now we may ge
on.
"After an interval of a few days mor(
! I decided on making further inquiries a
Mrs. Eyrecourt's house. This tim<
| when I left my card I sent a messag<
! asking if the lady would receive me
Shall I own my weakness ? She pos
sesses all the information that I want
and she has twice bafiied my inquiries
Under these humiliating circumstance:
it is a part of the pugnacity of my dis
position to inquire again.
"I was invited to go upstairs.
j " The front and back drawing-room o
the house were tlirown into one. Mrs
Eyrecourt was being gently moved back
ward and foiward in a chair on wheels
propelled by her maid; two gentlemei
being present, visitors like myself. Ii
spite of rouge and loosely-folded lac<
and flowing draperies, she presented <
deplorable spectacle. The bodily par
of her looked like a dead woman paintec
and reiived, while the moral part, ii
the strongest contrast, was just as liveb
j as ever.
" ' So glad to see you again, Fathe:
] Benwell, and so much obliged by you
kind inquiries. I am quite well, thougl
the doctor won't admit it. Isn't it ^titt
to see me being wheeled about iike i
< ? ? "L. ?1-i. ) "O a! .
j cillia 111 a peramuouiaiur : jLveiuixuxij
to first principles I call it. You sse it':
a law of my nature tliat I must go about
The doctor won't let me go about out
side the house, so I go about inside th<
house. Matilda is the nurse, and I an
the baby that will learn to walk one o
these days. Are you tired, Matilda
No ? Then irive me another turn, there'
a good creature. Movement, perpetua
movement, is a law of nature. Oh
" ' T I* 7.^
dear, no, doctor, x uiuu t hu
discovery for myself. Some eminen
scientific person mentioned it in a lec
ture. The ugliest man I ever saw
Now back again, Matilda. Let me in
trodnce you to ray friends, Father Ben
well. Introducing is out of fashion,
know. But I am one of the few wome:
who can resist the tyranny of fash:or
i. like introducing people. Sir Joli
Drone?Father Benvell. Father Ber
I
i well?Doctor TVybrow. Ah. yes, yo
J know the doctor by reputation ? Sha
j I give you his character ? Pcrsonall
1 j charming ; professionally detestable
j Pardon my impudence, doctor : it is on
1 { of tlie consequences of tlie ove:
j flowing state of my health. Anothc
j turn, Matilda, and a little faster th:
time. Oh, how I wish I was t ravelin
by railway.'
" There her breath failed her. SI
reclined in her chair and fanned horse
[ silently for a while.'
j " I was now able to turn my attentic
; to the two -visitors. Sir John Drone,
- was easy to see, would be no obstacle '
i confidential conversation with Mrs. Eyr
- ! court. An excellent country gentlema
* ! with the bald head, the ruddy comple
J i ion, and the inexhaustible capacity I
t silence so familiar to us in English s
ciety?there you have the true descri
3 lion of Sir John. But the famous pb
. ! sician was quite another sort of man.
e | bad only to look at him a-id to fec-l my- ]
a | self condemned to small ialk Trhile he !
e i was in the room.
" Yon have always heard of it in my j
e | correspondence whenever I have Jbeen in j
r. | the wrong. I was in the wrong now?I |
] had forgotten the law of chances. Ca-!
c ' pricious fortune after a long interval j
j was about to declare herself again in my
j favor by means of the very woman who
c | Lad twice already got the better of rne, |
* i What a recompense for my kind inqui* I
; ries after Mrs. Eyre court! She recov- i
i ered _breath enough to begin talking j
| again.
j "'Dear me, how dull you are!' she
| said to us. 'Why don't you amuse a
j poor prisoner confined to the house
Rest a little, Matilda, or you will be
3 falling ill next. Doctor, is this yotu
last professional visit ?'
, "'Promise to take care of vourself
J v *
Mi's. Eyrecourt, and I will confess that
the professional visits are over. 1 come
here to-day only as a friend.'
j "' Yon best of men! Do me another
favor. Enliven our dullness. Tell us
some interesting story about a patient.
5 These great doctors, Sir John, pass
their lives in a perfect atmosphere oj
I romance. Dr. Wybrow's consulting
. room is like your confessional, Fathe1
, Benwell. The most fascinating sins and
( sorrows are poured into his ears. "What
is the last romance in real life, doctor,
that has asked you to treat it medically 'I
) We don't want names and places?we
i are good children; we only want a story
> "Dj, Wybrow looked at me with a
f smile.
i "'It is impossible to persuade la,
dies,' he said, ' that we, too, arc father>
confessors in our way. The first duty
of a doctor, Mrs. Eyrecourt?'
"'Is to cure people, of course,'she
interposed, in her smartest manner.
! " The doctor answered neriously.
? // /*t _ ji _ _ j mi..i !_ lit.
l\o, maeea. juius is> umj ^ue seu- j
ond duty. Our first duty is invariably |
1 co respect the confidence of oiir patients. J
L j However,' lie resumed, in his easier
1 j tone, 'I happen to have seen a patient
to-day under circumstances winch the
i ; rules of professional honor do not fori
bid me to mention. X don't know, Mrs.
Eyrecourt, whether you will quite like
' to "be introduced to the scene of the
i story. The scene is in a madhouse.'
i "Mrs.*Eyrecourt broke out with a co
guettish little scream and shook lier
fan at the doctor.
"4 No horrors!' she cried. ' The hare
Idea of a madhouse distracts mo with
terror. Oh, he, lie! I won'G listen to
vou?I won't look at you?I positively
refuse to be frightened out of my wits.
Matilda! wheel me away to the furthest
end of the room. My -\i-\id imagination,
Father 33enwell, is my rock ahead in
life. I declare I can smell the odious
madhouse. Go straight to the window,
Matailda; I want to bury my nose
: among the flowers.'
i ?
j " Sir John upon this spoke for the nrst
time. His language consisted entirely
I of beginnings of sentences, mutely completed
by a smile.
"' Upon my word, you know. Eh,
5 Doctor NY y brow? a man 01 your u*i
perience. Horrors in madliouses. A
5 lady in delicate health. Xo, really.
3 Upon my honor, now, I cannot. Some
thing fnnny, oh, yes. Buc such a sub^
ject, oh, no.'
"He rose to leave. Doctor Wybrow
J gently stopped him.
3 " 'I had a motive, Sir John,' he said,
' 'but I won't trouble you with needless
explanations. There is a person, un1
known to me, whom I want to discover,
t You are a great deal in .society when
2 you are in London. May I ask if you
3 i have ever met with a gentleman named
. | Winterfield ?'
" I Lave always considered the power
; i of self-control as one of the strongest
. I points in my character. When I heard
; j that name my surprise so completely
. j mastered me that I sat self-betrayed to
j Doctor Wybrow, as the man who could
answer his question.
j j "In the meanwhile Sir John took his
. j time to consider, and discovered that he
- j had never heard of a person Darned
, Winterfield. Having acknowledged Ids
3 ignorance, in his own eloquent language,
j he drifted away to the window-bos in
3 the next room, and gravely contemplated
i 3Irs. Eyrscourt, with her nose buried in
t flowers.
i " The doctor turned to me.
T Vo+lior "RdntrolL "in I
.1 [ A Yt*.\Si*?J A MVMVA .. |
r supposing that I had better have ad- I
dressed myself to youV'
r "I admitted that I knew* a gentleman
r named Winterfield.
i " Doctor Wybrow got up directly.
? " 'Have you a few minutes to spare?'
i he asked. It is needless to say that I
r was at the doctor's disposal. ' My house
3 is close by, and my carriage is at the
door,' he resumed. ' When you feel inclined
to say good-bye to our friend, Mrs.
e Eyrecourt, I have something to say to
3 you which I think you ought to know.'
I "We took our departure at once,Mrs.
0 Eyrecourt?leaving some of the color oi
g iier nose among the flowers?patted me
1 encouragingly with her fan, and told the
j doctor that he was forgiven, on the
I j understanding that he would 'never do
1 it again." Ia five minutes more we were
in Doctor Wybrow's study.
"Ivly watch tolls me that I cannot
' hope to finish this letter by post-time.
" Accept what I have written thus far, and
L" be assured that the conclusion cf my reJ
port shall follow a day later.
D *****
I. n'
n | "The doctor began cautiously. ""Wini.
terfield is not a very common name,' he
u said. ' But it may not be amiss, Fathei
[1 Benwell, to discover if we can whether
.. vonr Winteriield is the man of whom. J
?. I am in search. Do yon only kuow him j
,e j by name, or are you a friend of his'?' j
r_ "I answered of course that I was a
1T friend.
[s ; 4< Doctor "Wybrow went on. 'Will
0 j yon pardon me if I venture on an indisw
j creet question? When you are acI
quainted with, the circumstances, I am
1<? i sure you will understand and excuse
| me. Are you aware of any?what shall
: I call it?any romantic incident in Mr.
>n i Winterfield's past life ?'
lt: j " This time?feeling myself, in al] |
LfJ j probability, on me urmii 01 uiscuverv - j
e-' I was careful to preserve my composure, j
c,: I said, quietly: ' Some sucli incident as!
x- i you describe hv> occurred in Mi-. Win- j
or terfield's past life.' There I stopped
o- discreetly, and looked as if I knew all
p- about it.
J " The doctor showed no curiosity tc
I hear more. 'My object,' he went on,
! |
was merely to be reasonably sure that ]
was speaking to the right person ir
speaking to you. I may now tell yon
that I have no personal interest in trying
to discover !Mr. Winterfleld ; I only act
ftf A A n A] /I AT^/1
tu* tllC lC|;iCOt^U3.Ll Y C Ui Uli. V1U J-LUJllU. VJJ .
mine. He is the proprietor cf a private j
asylum at Hampstead?a man whose in- j
tegrity is beyond dispute or he would j
not be a friend of mine. You under- j
stand my motive in saying this ?
"Proprietors of private asylums are
in these days the objects of very genera]
distrust in England. I understood the
doctor's motive perfectly.
"He proceeded. 'Yesterday evening
mv friend called upon me and said that
he had a remarkable case in his house
which he believed would interest me. The
person to whom he alluded was a French '
boy, whose mental powers had been im- \
perfectly developed from his childhood.
The mischief had been aggravated when i
he was about fourteen years old by a ,
serious fright. When he was placed in
the asvlum lie was not idiotic or danger- '
" ? i
ously mad, it was a case (not to use j
technical language) of deficient intelli- j
gence, tending sometimes toward acts oi i
unreasoning mischief and petty tLeft, 1
but never approaching to acts of down- !
right violence. My friend was espe- (
cially interested in the lad, won his con- ,
fidence and affection by acts of kindness,
and so improved his bodily health as to 1
justify some hope of also improving the 1
state of his mind, when a misfortune oc- 1
curred which has altered the whole pros- .
pect. The poor crerture has fallen ill! <
of a fever, and the fever has developed j J
to typhus. So far there has been little :
to interest you; I am coming to a re- *
markable event at last. At the stage of ,
the fever when delirium usually occurs <
in patients of sound mind, this crazy *
French boy has become perfectly sane ]
and reasonable!' ]
"I looked at him when ho made this "
amazing assertion, with a momentary }
doubt of his being in earnest. Doctor [
Wybrow understood me. ]
"' Just what I thought, too, when 1 *
first heard it,' he said. 'My friend 1
was neither offended nor surprised. Af- (
ter inviting me to go to his house and ?
judge for myself, he referred me to a <
singular case, publicly cited in the Cornhill
Magazine, for the month of April, *
1879, in an article entitled, " Bodilv 111- (
2
ness as a Mental Stimulant." The arti- j
cle is published anonymously; but the 1
character of the periodical ia which it I
appears is a sufficient guarantee of the 1
trustworthiness of the statement. I }
was so far influenced by the testimony j
thus cited, that I drove to Hampstead j
and examined the case myself.' i
"' Did the examination satisfy you ? '
"' Thoroughly. "When I saw him yes- *
terday the poor boy was as sane as I f
am. There is, however, a complication s
in this instance, which is not mentioned
in the case related in print. The boy i
appears to have entirely forgotten every (
event in his past life, reckoning from *
the time the fever declared itself.' 1
" This was a disappointment. I had c
begun-to-feepe for some coming result, s
obtained by the lad's confession. ?
" 'Is it quite correct to call him sane ^
when his memory is gone? I ventured c
to ask. g
"' In this case there is no necessity to enter
into the question,' the doctor an- j
severed. ' The boy's lapse of if 211017 t
refers, as I told you, to liis past life? c
that is to say, his life when Ms intellect T
was deranged. During the extraordi- i
nary interval of sanity that has now de- *
clared itself, he is putting his mental |
powers to their firsc free use; and none
of them fail him, so far as I can see. His ^
new memory?if I may call it so?pre- t
serves the knowledge of what has hap- 1
pened since liis illness. You may imag- 6
ine how this problem in brain disease *
interests me; and you will not wonder ?
that I am going back to Hampstead to- i
morrow afternoon when I have done (
with my professional visits. B it yon *
mav be reasonably surprised at my J
troubling you with details which are
mainly interesting to a medical nva.'
"Was he about to ask me to go witli
him to the asylum? I replied very
briefly; merely saying that ihe details
were interesting to every student of
human nature. If he could have felt
my pulse at that moment I am afraid he
might have thought I was in a fair way
of catching the fever, too.
" 'Prepare yourself,' he resumed, 'for ^
another surprising circumstance. IvEr. }
Winterfield is, by some incomprehcnsi- %
ble accident, associated with one of the '
mischievous tricks played by the French ]
boy, before be was placed under my 1
fi.iJ\*a rtnvA HP!-*of ativ rnfn icj
JJL1CXXU. O 4M.V) *^r ?Mv ^
only explanation by which we can ac- (
count for tlie discovery of an envelope, <
found sewn up in the lining of the lad's <
waistcoat, and directed to Mr. W/nter- (
field without any address.'
"I leave you to imagine the effect '
which those words produced on me.'
" 'Now,5 said the doctor, 'you will un- i
derstand why I put such strange ques- ;
tions to you. My friend and I are both '
hard-working men. We go very little J
into society, as the phrase is; and neither :
He nor l ever heard the name of "Winter Gai/l
As a certain t>ror>ortion of my
patients happen to be people with a !
large experience of society, I undertook :
to make inquiries, so that the packet
might be delivered, if possible, to the
right person. You heard how Mrs. 1
Eyrecourt (surely a likely lady to assist
me ?) received my unlucky reference to
the madhouse; and you saw how I puzzled
Sir John. I consider myself most
fortunate, Father Benwell, in having Lad
the honor of meeting you. Will yon
accompany me to the asylum to-morrow?
And can you add to the favor by bringing
Mr. Winterfield with you?'
" Tliis last reaucsfc it was out of mv
power?really out of my power ? to
grant. TVinterfield had left London
that morning on his visit to Paris. His
address there was thus far not known to
me.
" 'Well, you must represent your
friend,' the doctor said. ' Time is every j
way of importance in this case. "Will
you kindly call here at five to-morrow
afternoon ?'
" I was punctual to my appointment.
We drove together to the asvlum."
(To bo continued.)
Recently published statistics of suicides
in France show for the last thirty
years the extraordinary increase of
seventv-eifrht Tier cent. From 1851 lo
1855 the annual average "was 3,639, or
one suicide for 9,833 inhabitants, while
in the latest return the annual number
6,496, or one suicide for 5,161 inhabitants.
. J
all about peanuts.
How the Xiit* are Grown, Sola and Graded.
There are only seven counties in Virginia,
writes a Detroit free Press correspondent,
in which peanuts have
been profitably grown, but there are
twelve or fourteen counties in which the
soil and climate are suited to the growth
o? favorable crops. While the nut has
been grown for the last fifty years, it is
only in the last decade that men have
gone into peanut raising as a business.
While tlie war ruined many industries
it built up others. There was no Northern
market for melons before the war.
Few cigars were soid, and the tobacco
business was a small matter. So with
peanuts. Such s^ali quantities were
prown in the South that two or
three houses handled the entire crop.
Last year the crop was handled by
twelve large houses^ and its preparation
for market gave employment to thousands
of hands.
A light, sandy ?*oil is the best for
growing peanuts, butthere are localities
wh-re the crop does well on light clay.
The ground is plowed, dragged, manured
and cultivated until it is like a
garden, and the peanuts are then sowed
by drill or drqr^d_ by jw?o~
ibout eighteen
ire the most plactii m a hiil,and-it is
K^nderfnl what results will follow in a
*cod season. In a field in Surry Connfcy
l pnlled up several vines to which were
clinging over eighty peannts, and in
)ne case the yield was 122.
After the vines are np the field roust
be kept clear of weeds and the hills
rounded up, and that: is the only work
until time to pull, which is about the
1st of October. Then the grower has
;ause to be anxious, for a little delay
>r bad weather will change the grade of
ais crop and alter its market value.
Some growers throw their vines upon
temporary scaffolds in the field, while
)thers use she fences or stack the vines
>rnnnr1 atnt-ns. Tbfl n^annts win fit be
exposed to the sun to harden the shells
md wilt the vines. If kept out too
ong they shrink and become "poppers;'
i not long enough the shells mildew or
pec and become third grade. The
mtire crop, vines and all must ultinately
go to the barns and the pickers,
rhe men, women and children, who
pick the nuts from the vines are paid
;welve cents per bushel, and the deftless
which one must acquire makes this
ilmost a trade by itself. Women and
jhildren earn about fifty cents per day
is p:ckers, and men from seventy-five
:ents to a dollar.
It is a misnomer to say peanut facicry,
becau<? peanr.ts are grown instead
>f made; but yet the big warehouses
ire so designated. But few nuts are
:andled in Virginia outside of Petersburg
and Norfolk, and between the two
Norfolk handles the most. The peanut
5uyer must be as lynx-eyed as the
vheat-bnyer?indeed, a sharper man.
Hie grower makes no effort to grade
lis crop, but mixes prime, strictly
)rime, medium and low altogether, it
s then for the buyer tc look over the
oads and discover the average. Grow*rs
have no way of cleaning the nuts,
md the four grades are therefore plentiully
mixed with leaves, stems, sticks
md dirt.
"When I walked into a peanut factory
n Norfolk and presented my errand, I
sxpected to be rushed up from three to
.ix pairs of stairs iise a rocket. Great
ras my chagrin, therefore, when poitely
informed that even the Presiient
of the United Urates would not be
idmitte<J-to "witness the modus operandi
>{ preparing peanuts for market.
)wners of factories will not permit
dsits from each other, and employes of
)ce factory are supposed to look with
mspicion on the employes of another.
Chis is because all do not nse the same
>rocess of cleaning and grading, and
>ecause some of the most useful maihinery
is not patented. A machine in
me of the factories in Petersburg is
un by a colored man, who alone knows
ts workings. In case of his death the
actory would be :dle untii the proprieor
found another man in whom he
:ould place implicit confidence.
It was not necessary to go into the
working-rooms, however, to ascertain
;he points I was after. The peanuts are
irst cleaned by means of pans and sieves,
lomething on the order of a fanningnil!.
They are then dumped cn endless
:arriers. and as they pass the grades they
ire deftly sorted out, each grade by
tself. The strictly prime are tbo largist,
fullest and whitest, and are sorted
he second time to make sure that not
me second-class nut gets among tbera.
["he prime comes next, and then the
neaium, which is really the staple. You
vho have flattered yourselves on get;ing
something extra at five cents per
luart from the grocer or the street
render may now learn that you have
-een chewing on "medium" alone,
rhe -'strictly prime" are worth over
right cents per quart at the factories,
md the "prime" over six. It is safe to
say that no dealer in Detroit, Buffalo,
Cleveland or Chicago ever has anything
setter than a third grade on sale. The
oest go abroad, or to the finest candy
nakers. The poorest are eaten at home
a 3 i j
ma. ustu. uy seuunu-ciass uumeiitiuiieio. |
The peanut-candy sold for forty cents
per puund is made?the peanut part of
:t?from ths grade called "low," the
wholesale price of which is about two
jents per quart. The shelliug is all
ions by machinery, the nuts being
emptied into a hopper, and the meats
Dr kernels flow into a long spout and
3rop down to the men who sack them.
4s a rule only the lowest grades are
shelled, and you can remember this
when you find them on sale.
The profits of peanut-growing are as
nncertain as the profits on wheat-growing.
The Virginia nut ranks above any
known to commerce, and in good seasons
men have made as high as ?30 per
acre. The nut must have plenty of rain
in August, and this year it had very
little or none at all. Nevertheless, I
havo not talked with a grower who will
average less than 850 per acre. The
average will always be considerably
higher than that, and it is a surer crop
than tobacco or cotton. The only enemy
- ? ? -J ? ?^ < + AATVlAO oil
IS tilt; UrUUgUI', HUU >VU?TJ-l luai uuiugo i*ii
crops must be affected. Last year tbe
peanut-growers of Virginia averaged
over sixty bushels to the acre, and those
who held their crop over into this year
got from 81-30 to 31.40 per bushel. It.
is a crop which can be easily handled by
a farmer new to the South, and the
grower gets his cash with every bushel
delivered. In Petersburg they arc
bought by the bushel, and in Norfolk by
the pound, the standard being twentytwo
pounds for a bushel. More than
three-fifths of the crop is sent abroad
or North and West Good peanut-growing
land will also grow any staple crop,
and it can be purchased all the way
from S8 to 850 per acre, according to
farm improvements, nearness to market,
Another Heroic Engineer.
The name of J. F. Wager, of Sedalia
Mo., is to be added to the list of locomotive
engineers who have deliberately
given their lives to save others. His
train, heavily loaded with passengers,
was crossing the Osage river, on the
Missouri Pacific Road, when the engine
left the track and finally broke through
the bridge, to be buried in the water.
The fireman jumped off and escaped,
but "Wager stayed to put on the airbrakes
and reverse the engine, and thus
saved the train and lost his own life.
Tanrrlic of. a " Tmf, llA
XJVTO AOiugug urw ivuauuiivuuj vv.?
looks pretty sober when he hears the
old man coming towards the parlor at
11.45 P. M.?Syracuse Sunday Timet.
I
The Names of the Stats s.
! The Hon. Hamilton B. Staples read
j a paper at the annnal meeting of the
I American Antiquarian society in "Worj
cester, in which he discussed the origiD
I of the names of several of the states.
His conclusions were as follows: JNew
Hampshire gets its name from Hampshire,
England. Massachusetts is derived
from an Indian name, first given
to the bay, signifying "near the great
hills." Rhode Island has an obscure
origin. The island of Rhodes, the
"Island of the Eoads," and a Dutch
origiD, "Red Island," were mentioned. '
the first seeming to have the best his- :
toricai support. Connecticut is an
Indian name, signifying "land on a long '
tidal river." New York, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Delaware and Maryland '
were passed over. Virginia, the Caro- i
[ linas, and Georgia have a royal origin. IJ
! Maine was named from the fact:, that it j '
was supposed to contain the "mayre <
: portion" of New England. Vermont
has no especial question, except that 1
it is claimed to have first been an alias <
?Xew Connecticut, alias Vermont, i
Kentucky popularly signifies either a <
"dark and bloody ground,"or "a bloody J
river," or I:the long, riyer." Tennessee J
village on fibie river?"Tanasee." Ohio <
is named after an Indian name, signify I
ing "something great," with an accent j i
of admiration. Indiana comes from the J
name of an early land company. Illi- }
nois comes from the Indian?the name of ]
a tribe. Michigan is claimed to mean <
"lake countryit probably came from I
the name of the lake, "Great lake,' <
which bore this name before the land t
adjacent wis named. Louisiana is from <
the French. Arkansas and Missouri <
are Indian, the former being doubtful; i
the latter is claimed to mean ia its <
original "muddy water," which de- '
scribes the river. Iowa is also Indian, ?
with doubtful meaning. Texas is uopii- >
larly sunpvsed to be Indian, but mav (
be Spanish, Florida is Spanish, "a i i
flowery land." Oregon has a eor.jec-1 <
tural origin ; it is probably Indian, but i t
a Spanish origin is clfi>ied. California t
comes from a Spanish romance of 1510. i 1
Nevada takes its name from the -crnoun- ; t
tains, who get theirs from a v <em- i
blance to the Nevadas of South Am* 'ca. 1
Minnesota is Indian, "sky-tinted water." <
Nebraska is variously rendered "shallow c
water" and "flat country." Kansas is 1
from an Indian root, Kaw, corrupted by a
the French. Mississippi is "great ]
^ater," or "whole river." Alabama is t
Indian, the name of a fortress and a c
tribe, signifying, as is claimed, "here i
we rest." 11
i c
Getting Kid of a Loafer. c
"He was the meanest old customer I *
ever had any dealings with," said the *
platform special, tipping back his hair *
and preparing for o. talk. "I couldn't v
keep him out of the ladies' waiting
room with all I could do; The trouble 1
about that was I could never get my y
hand on him. The minute he'd see me *
coming he'd fly, and lightning couldn't v
catch him. Lots o' times I made up ~
my mind to shoot at him the nezt time c
I caught him about, but somehow he ?
- "? ' l 1 ' J ~ 1
always xooit me uy surprise, uuu wuuocquently,
strange as it may seem, I f
wasn't ready for him. The women were
afraid of him. Some of them wouldn't
stay in the room when he was around,
and of those that did, one-half didn't
care for anything, and the other half
dkln'i know which way out to take.
"He was a good-sized fellow, and
could hold his own with lots of 'em
bigger than himself, if there had been
many such. He always came around
dressed in a kind of a rough, dirty-looking
brown coat with a long tail, and he
wore it buttoned close up under his
cbin. Ho was sly and sneakin' as a
weasel, and he'd get in and out and
around among passengers and seats
without making any more noise than a
cat. That's what made them ail hate
him so. He wouldn't come around
when there was a crowd, but only whea
the room was quiet. He'd glide in fr-jm :
somewhere, and look at the people out !'
of them gray, greedy eyes of his till
they didn't know what minute he might J
tackle some of 'em. He never did do any T
actual damage, but he was such an in- 5
fera a 1 nuisance that I'd a killed him any J
oay, 11 i coaiu uo n m a. ^iucu ?*jr.
Well,things went on in this shape for two '
or three weeks till last night, when I .
got a chance to get my work in on him. i
He'd slipped in and cnt of the depot a
couple of times and was making himself
so familiar that I couldn't help suspecting
something was wrong, so I laid (
for him. Ee was mixing himself around *
some baggage in the corner, and had *
his back turned so he couldn't see me.
You bet I didn't miss no such golden (
opportunity. I just gathered the old 1
iron poker out of the ash box by the J
stove, and came on him xaubeknownest
like. I dropped him one on the ear
that kind o' confused bim like. He
tumbled to the racket and tried to crawl
under the bench, when I handed him
one that distributed his spinal 'column,
and he hadn't the backbone to do anything
more than to lay still and let me
finish him."
"Kill him?you didn't," burst from
the listeners.
"Yes, but I did, though. Oh, I tell
you I'm the red-headed ranger of the
depot flats, and a mighty dangerous man
to stir up. Want to come and view the
remains ?"
And the marderer led the way to a
corner of the depot, where lay in the
cold embrace of death an enormousrat.
1
The Paper Bag, j
The triumph of machinery in its ap- <
plication to the manufacture of simple 3
articles is well illustrated in the history ]
r,f fliA r>ari^r haer. Twpnt.v-five ve&rs aco I i
V* o * J j o - i
the limited amount of paper bags in use j
were made by hand, and it probably j
never occurred to the ninety-and-nine ,
conservative ones that there was any ]
necessity of improving the method. It i
would certainly never pay to apply ,
machinery to so insignificant a thing as j
a paper bag, a mere joining of paste and <
paper ! Yet inventive skill tried its
hand, and the result was a machine ]
! r-anahlA nf tnrninsr off 100.000 baas a i
~ * ' <-> / ?-? iday.
"What followed was the same as m j
hundreds of industries similarly affected.
Bag factories sprung up, and no
sooner did the supply exist than a demaud
was created. New uses were dis- i
covered for the article and to-day the
annual consumption in the United
! States in round numbers is 1,000.000,!
000, At the same time the price has ber-n
! reduced to a mere fraction above the
| price of paper. Of the 1,000,000,000
! paper bags annually produced in this
! country, more than three-fourths are
urned out of eight factories, whose com- i
binecl capacity is about 5,000,000
per day. Since the application of machinery
to the manufacture of paper
bags, the greatest revolution in the inKr
flin *Tn
UUSll V JUiij> UCCU lliuuguk U|
tion of a machine to manufacture what
is called the " satchel-bottom" bag, in
which the bottom is so shaped tnat the
two protruding corners of the old-style
bag are avoided. Certairf bags can be
bought in large quantities at oneseventh
of a cent apiece, and even
lower, the advance being about twenty i
or thirty cents per thousand over the !
price of paper.?Manufacturer's Grzette. J
A Kentucky woman sat at the head of
the stairs while her daughter had 3
bean in the room below. Sleep came to
the old woman, and she rolled down
and broke both legs.
2EXICAX HOLIDAYS.
The Way Tli^y Celebrate Lo*t Ban
^irnssiiJis: lor .Lottery i'rJzcn.
When a Mexican sets about to c
brate a feast day or event of nati<
importance, says a letter from Me^
lie pitches in in a ^vhole souled soi
way that is refreshing and makes
celebration a success. If of a convi
disposition he "smiles" repeatedly
is carried home in a hack at night,
addicted to mu?ic ho haunts the pla
Under ail circumstances he thr
business to the dogs and gives him
up to enjoyment. It is a second na1
for the Mexicans to celebrate, and t
even go cut- of the long list of Mexi
saints to get their fill of holidays,
their desperation they observe the a;
versaries of numerous prominent batt
iT:rt by- doing so place themselve
rather a ridiculous light, in her ]
war history Mexico has obtained fj
Duly by the number cf battles site
lost. Som*, wayut has always happe
shat the Mexicans 'were the first to s
laddie, but this does not deter
: at ion fro- ? keeping green, by am
jelebratioLd, her many encounters t
'oreign forces. The observance v
;pch pomp anrl ^orpmosy p
;he Kexicansobtaine'd^asort oftrtnE
jver the French at Pueblo in 1882.
:riumph, however, was but moments
:or the French with reinforceme:
advanced upon the Mexicans and c<
pletely cleaned them out, and for f
rears Maxamilion domineered over
jonntry. This temporary victory
jeen made to serve as an aoology
creating the glorions 5th cf May so d
;o every loyal Mexican. Upon the 2
>f August, 1847, the American ai
:aplured by gallant charge, a conv
n the vicinity of Cherubusco, which
lefended by a large body of Mexicf
Fiie convent, which exists at this dai
i ruin, is situated in an open plain, i
he Americans in their assault w
exposed to a most galling fire, ye
vas not necessary to repeat
iharge. The Mexicans threw
he white flag on every side, j
he American army at a gi
oss of life, entered into possessioi
he building. Now, what do the M
cans do but celebrate this event i
ler puets itXJU wixlcao <xila\jn\> Luanc
)f it a Mexican victory. Another c
:an be cited in the battle of Molino
iey, in which the Mexican army '
igain defeated by the American fore
et, upon the anniversary of this <
he inevitable Mexican banquet coi
>fT, and ancient bards reco7"" %ethi
ng incidents and heroi>- .nee
ho Mexicans against nelm
idds. The fact is the M is bot
o celebrate. It is in h~~ ind m
:ome out, and he is not particular as
he time of the event. It is har
;ecessary to add from the Mexi
)omt oi view tne ODservance ox rue i
ras a complete success.
The great event of the day, or <
hat most directly appeals to the peo
ras the drawing for the $50,000 lott
>rize. This ?50,000 drawing occ
miy twice a year; upon the 5th of 3
md the 16th of September, and ev
>ne, even if he has to pawn his ]
hirt, is supposed to have an intei
n this lottery, and a hope that the i
>lnm may fail to him. At the time
his writing it is not known who
irawn the capital prize of $50,C
L'he Mexican lottery i3 under the sut
ision of the government, and partici:
>ains are taken to have the drawi:
:onduete& upon a fair and system:
>asis. The capital prizes range fi
?U00 to ?50,000, and drawings oc
hree or four times a week. A num
)f Mexican fortunes have been m;
rem these lotteries. Public opinio]
itrongly in their favor, and any attei
o moralize upon the pernicious efi
)f the lottery as an institution ofMes
neets with no attention. The Mexi
s intensely superstitious. Ee also
ieves in that abstract quality known
.uck, and as long as the world mo
;he desire will possess him to "pi
u the lottery. To abolish these drs
ngs a Mexican would consider his it
>acred rights encroached upon.
The Government will not per
Javana lottery tickets to be sold ops
ipon the streets of Mexico, but ther
>aid to be quite a secret sale in the <
)f these tickets. Ia fact, in the lott
ine, the Government is somewhat
slusive, and will encourage only
icme article, and does not look v
avor upon any foreign lotteries.
Acquisitiveness.
In the introduction of his pampl
>n "How to Grow Eich," Dr. EL
rives the following definition i
malysis of this organ:
"The faculty of acquisitiveness
:ommcn to brute and roan. It is
m intellectual faculty, but a selfish
itinct. Its office is to desire, co'
ong for, grasp, appropriate, anythi
jverything that can in any way mini:
;o the physical Dature. It is a lee
nate organ, whose function is necess
:o the continued existence alike of
nsect, the animal and the human bei
[t is devoid of moral sense as well
ntellectual perception, hence it has
ecognition of the rights of prope
lor any knowledge of how to get
t desires, nor jet aay idea of the
.ative value of things. It is simply
jistinct of acquisition. The ant,
)ee, and the miser act from like moti1
?rir?Ti ^r>mr>Alliner what instinct he ha
jecorae the slave of acquisitivness.
is the controlling faculty in each. '
insect and the brute, having no ot
;han a sensuous existence, their wc
ire limited to food and shelter. 5J
svhile allied to the animal kingdom,
:he sensuous plane, is lifted infinil
ibove it by the fact of his being
lowed with reason, and crowned v
noral sense and spiritual aspiratic
By means of hi'- superior intellect, r
is able to subjugate the earth and
its forces, compellingit to yield its fr
md treasures in rich and varied ab
lance to supply his needs and gra
iris desires. Through the guild
WldUUi-LL UX JLilO i :nn J*! it/vuiuvcj
cognizes the brotherhood of man :
;he equality of the race, the foundat
>f the principles of justice."
Accepting these propositions as <
:ect, it is clear that the man whose
ls spent in the service of acquisitive:
is simply an intellectual brute.
The Fate of a Slave Girl.
Speaking of slavery reminds me
Lhe case of a young girl scarcely on
her teens, who was two years ago ]
naped and brought here from i
Minor. She was remarkably handso
and was sold into the harem of .
Efiendi as a supernumerary in.
household cf that gentleman. The j
p^irl pined terribly for the relatives i:
Trlirmi filif "had been draffjred awav.
she importuned her new mistress
the etifendi to give iier her liberty. F:
inpr her tears and entreaties were of
avail, she tried to enlist the sjmps
of her entourage, some of whom v
slaves and others paid servants,
stead of commiserating with her t
heaped all kinds of insults upon hei
her bold denunciation of captive ]
and constituted her with one accord
drudge of the household. This i
of thing went on for some time, n
at last the poor girl, in consequence
the cruel treatment she received,
reduced almost to a skeleton, and
mo nrlinns in the siffht of her SI
riors, whose sole thought was to gel
of her as soon as possible. She was aj
put upon the market and sold to
other master for one-fifteenth part
the sum origins lly paid for the un
tunate aide.?Constantinople Letter.
What a Tolcano Did in Ieelaud.
j A letter from Iceland says: From
e'*~ the geyser there is a plain view of Hecla,
,eje_ that awful volcano that has so of tea
.threatened the very existence of The :
/ people of this unfortunate island. It
is interesting only on account of its
'^JQ history, and looks so much like other
mountains that unless you were a geolo- :
and vou cou^ n?t tell it from hundreds !
" p of others. Being 5,364 feet high, it has
ZZ3.' Partieu^ar charms for Englishmen, who i
ow^ seems to be born with a hereditary pro- l
cajf pensity to climb, but as most of the ,
-"ure ponies that have attempted to climb it
k came down with a rash over its treacherous
pumice-lined sides, no sane Amer- (
' jn ican has yet been up to its top. About (
oni- **22e tkey celebrate the next ,
2e* millennial herej when they put np a :
s ^ Jacob's ladder, as thej have it at Mount j
oast ^skington, and introduce a railroad, j
imc with calcium-light effects, as they have '
at Vesuvius, Americans, I have no j
'loubt, will be quite frequent at the
3ke?' summit. Their representative is there
tjjgl-^ow, for it is a favorite screeching place
tual of eagle. The reputation of Hecla I '
A Co KITA mAVflfllOri /^TIA I "*
10 tuau^ uuucxo li-v/A \y uiiau JLAW. UUV< ?
rith She is heard of in all lands, yet Skapta j
In my reminiscences I was almost 1
irv forgetting about Skapta Jokcl. Skapta
ntg may be said to occupy the southwestern *
3 ' portion of Iceland. She is no ordinary .<
our hill, for she has pre empted a space 3
the digger than Khode Island for herself. <
^as It isn't that she is so big as that she re- J
* qnire3 so mnch room for -what she don't
**** ? Ol m A /
?2^ waui. OlSltpiKt s cuum >y<?a psiqj.^
formed in 1783, seventeen years after 5
Hecla had done the best she knew how. ?
envt The reading of the aceount of Skapta's *
was work invigorate the imagination, 1
ms *or ?^e ?e^s away with anything the
r as Ppnnv-dreadfnl anthor ever thought of. t
and ^bouG the beginning of Jnne, of the r
ere year named, the usual preliminary noise i
j. ^ began in the neighborhood of the monn- a
the ta*ns> an^ 011 t^ie ^th ?* ^he month a ]
t great volume of smoke and ashea t
md sPrea<* over ^hole district of Sida, a
j. going in the direction against the wind. ]
l Q{ On the 10th the river Skapta overflowed <
es_ with fetid water and then suddenly dis- s
md aPPearec*- Fire broke out on the e
out moun^D> ar>d two days later a stream s
of lava came oozing out of the dry bed e
(jel of the river. Notwithstanding that the t
channel was 600 feet deep and 200 wide, p
eg . tne lava overnowea tne oanKs ana m- s
2 ' undated tlie Meddelland country, lift- t
nes t^ie ?rass as ^ went 25 water would
.?I2_ float a film of oil. The stream finally
f floated into the Meddelland lake, filled
n^ is up, and then divided into two streams, c
jnd oae 0l* ^em aSa111 seeking the coarse of :
us^ the river and finally leaping, maddened *
and hot, into the sea, -?ver the great c
^lv cataract ol Stapafoss, whose brink is 300 ^
can *eet ?*)0ve sea The f.ther a
stream, after traversing a wido section t
of lowland country, found a line of least >
one resisfance 1D l-be Hverfisfliot rive? bed. *
^ie This last stream of. Isva, as far as it has ?
been surveyed?there is much of it, how ^
ur's much no one knows, in a country over j
lav ^"kich 110 11,411 ^as ever been?is forty c
" miles in length and seven in width. ^
I J- That which went over the cataract is c
j. fifty miles long and fifteenbroacL The ^
c^ lava ceased to flow in August, and the j
of convulsion ended with a great earth- ^
has ^cr a wbole year it continued .j
(qq to rain cinders and dust and thousands ]
' of acres of grass land were buried and j
, " withered under the hot showers. It is
" estimated that 190,000 sheep, 28,v00 t
^ horse?, 11,000 cattle and 9,000 men j
died as a result of the eruption. Since t
cur ^ea ^ere k*8 been nothing worth men- 1
^6r tioning in the volcano line. r
a(^e Married Bliss.
a is y y
nnt ' You ouffhfc to sret married, Bill," i
feet 'aid Spuddles the other day to a young $
;ico fiieisd of his as the two were leaning i
can over the front gate of the Spuddles ^
be- ccttnge, talking about old times. \
. as "Don't know," said the doubting f
ves Williaia, "it strikes me that a single c
ay" life beats your married bliss out of s
iv- sight." v (
tost " There's just u-bere you are off, old I
boy," said Spuddles. "You know I \
niit used to be one of the gayest of our gang, s
nly but now, since I've tried married life a i
e is year I'm twice as happy. I have a cozy <
>ity home, a nice little wife, and ooe of the s
ery sweetest of children, and when my day's [ 1
ex- work is done I come home and all is i j
the peace and harmony. No, Bill, the old | a
rfth life has no charms for me now." 11
Just then the door opened and Mrs. f
Spuddles' head protruded. t
"Mr. Spuddles, run right up town ]
3Iet and get another bottle of that cough i
and syrup for the baby?he's just coughing ]
and ;;F his very toe-nails?and come past s
the store and bring up a ham of meat, t
, j3 and some butter, and eggs, and coffee \
n0<; ?we're clean out?and some lard, and t
in_ another sack of flour, and don't forget j i
that can of peaches you promised me \
Dg'f a week ago. We must have some f
iter potatoes, too, and if you see any vege- 1
riti- tables get tome. Heavens alive! do i
arv 70tl think I can be penned up here day i
the after day with a squalling brat, acd c
;ng# nothing to eat in the house ? And don't j \
as | forget those new towels some time this j s
; no ! week, and be sure yuu wait till I'm en- t
' * - - - j- j.1. I
rtv, i tirely oaretoctea Deiore yon get iuuse i s
kat! new shoes?you know T can't; go after J v
re.: them while johnny's got this cough? ! r
the ! aT3^ Bat Spuddles was flying up ; x
the i the street at a gait that would have j &
fres | charmtd an admirer of fast stock, so i
s to i we suppose he did not hear his wife t
It j when she raised her voice to the high- a
Tlie esfc pifch and fairly screamed: t
her '""Come by old Tubbingers and see if 1
ints Sally can wash for me this week." i
[atl) The door closed with a slam, and the t
0n happy wife muttered: i
q[j "It seems to me that man won't i
en_ do anything I want him to any more. rj
rjth -^s soon as * begin to tell him what I ^
>ns. Vv'ant he starts off, and now I'll lay a a
oan dollar he is not back for four hours. I
all Hanging arotmd the saloons I reckon, c
aits jass like the balance of the men."? r
un. Morriiton [Ark.) State. 1
tify m i i
ing Worthy or Barbarians. 1
re_ Roumania evidently has in her mode ! ]
;ion j i es for reform. In the district of Dam- i s
brovitza ten peasants unjustly suspected j
,or_ of stealing were treated recently with i
jj?e outrageous brutality in order to cumpel !
:ess an acknowledgment of guilt. First! ,
they were severely punished with the ! (
bastinado, and as they still declared i ,
themselves innocent, 'they were then i j
, stripped and severely beaten with net- j j
j. ? ties. Under orders from the subperfect, ; (
the quiilsof dacks were then violently ! j
forced between the nails of their fingers ,
* and the flesh. When these torture 8 had \
. -J failed to extort confession the men j
, were submitted to indescribable out- .
e rages, and then they were hung up by
r the feet. Here they remained till they
l were half dead, and theD, to save their j
E , j lives, they confessed to having stolen j ?
| the goods. Before the judge their in- j
nocence was clearly established and |
their sufferings fully described, but the j <
J authors of these inhuman tortures ap- ,
In ^ear *? ^aTe escaPe^ PC0*i *ree' 1 ]
hey ; Have you noticed the role the lette ^
' for G plays in the personal politique of the !
life, world? In Russia, Gortschakofif; in
the Germany, Gillaume: in Greece, Geor;ind
ges; in England, Gladstone and the i *
ntil Prince of Gallies; in France, Grevy, i
> Gambetta and Galliffet; in Algeria, |'
tos j Grevy; in Italy, Garibaldi; in America, ;
1 oeoooir^'c r.om^ I 1
j V7HXI1C1U, Vi U .
ipe-! is Guitean; the mayor of New York is j :
; rid called Grace. i
jain ?
an- In the time of Edward I. of England, i
; of the pay of a knight or esqnire was sister
teen shillings a day, and that of an
archer three shillings. j
' -Jr. - . . -
POPULAR SCIEXCE.
French authorities are investigating
the subject of the influence of schoolroom
arrangements upon the eyes of the jr]?g
pupils.
Dr. Dankwcrtt has just tabulated the
positions of forty-six stars for the commencement
of each century from 2000
B. C., to 1800 A. D.
The preservation of articles of diet
cvith salicvlic acid has been prohibited
by the French Government, it being
considered that this well known preservative
agent is dangerous to health.
An egg deposited long ago by an * ostrich
was discovered in a subterranean
julumbarium at Gonzaga. It has br-en
submitted to a chemical examination by
M. Ballaud, and its composition was
found to differ from a recently laid egg
in that it had more carbonate and phos
ohate of lime and less of carbonate 01
nagnesia, <fcc.
The hydro-carbon discovered some- " wy
;ime ago by a Frenchman,. still attracts
nnch attention on account of its pecu- :
.iar property of burning at a very slight
ncrease of heat above the average of emai-nn^intr
???, hn' fli?A ~U"?' *" ' f?
By securing variety in tempera'ore
;hrough planting oysters in different
iepths of water, as practiced in Conlecticut,
the Scientific American ktyys
oysters can be obtained in a St condiion
for the table every week in the year. :yM
The greater the h*at the earlier the
jysters will spawn. Those in the deeper
md colder water feel the heat later and
ipawn later. Some portion of the oyster , |3
ield, so to speak, will therefore be - .33
eady for harvesting at ail times.
In the British collieries numerous . --i
Ltperiments have been made to deternio.e
the cause of esphsions in the
nines,and these results are now accepted
is o-orrect by most of tne expenmeniers:
.. Explosions are usually caused by the
presence of ccal dust in air containing
i small amount of true fire damp, the #3
Davy lamps serving to detect the pres?nce
of dangerous gases when ill
efficient quantity to alone cause
sxplesion. 2. Mixtures of coal dust
nd air witboat fire damp are
ixplosive. The researches have shoTjfa
hat air containing no more than Jfao
>er cent, of tire damp (a quantity so mall
as to escape notice) is ujgfeafe in
he presence of coal dust. / - M
How a Murderer Was Recaptured.
A letter from St. Lonjfe gives an acount
of the recapture bv Sheriff Good- T ^
nan of William Martin, who is
mder sentence for the murder
if one WeiseiJf. Laclede county.
Vhile Martin xdh* in jail he gained the ** - - w M
.Sections of Sheriff Wilson's niece, and
he girl unbarred Ills cell, furnished
urn with a rifl?, and both departed together.
The^pair fied the State, and
hei~ whereabouts remained a mystery.
iVhen Go6dman was elected sheriff he
mmedaately instituted a thorough
iearcii, following the trail to Virginia
md back to Tennessee, in which latter
State he captured Martin and the girL
VKile he was taking them from St.
jiOXLiS 10 JLieuauwii iixarna esc&peu jxuujl
;he train. The father and mother of
ilartin live on a farm ten miles from
Lebanon, in what is known as Goodwin"
loliow, and the sheriff had a close I
yatch kept on their residence, believing
hat the son wonld pay them"a visit. At
ength the sheriff received informa- i?
ion'that-Marfcin had visited the paternal ^|
oof, and he organized a posse of ten
nen and started fur Goodwin Hollow.
yiartin has imndreds of friends who
vould fight for his liberty at a mo- I
nent's notice. The posse left Lebanon *
it 9 o'clock at night 2nd traveled seven
niles to the appointed rendezvous,
ft ere they hitched their horses in the
roods and walked toward the Martin 1
arm. Arriving there, the honse was
:autiousiy approacnea ana coverea oy
hotguns from every direction. Sheriff
Joodman, accompanied by Marshal
Jstes, demanded admittance, which
ras of course denied, and the inmates
olemnly declared that "Billy" was
a any miles away. The sheriff, however,
knew to the contrary, for be had
;een Martin through a criak in the ?||j
ogs. While Goodman and Estes were
>arlevin g at the door with the family
,nd demanding admittance, they heard
he sound of clapboards being removed
rom the roof. Soon afterward Marin's
head popped through the roof.
3ut he caught sight of ten guns pointed
n his direction and he disappeared.
Parleying at the door was again reTimed.
At length Martin responded
o the demands, and declared that he
rould surrender at daylight. It was
hen after 12 o'clock, and Mr. Good- *
nan suspected that with daylight
rould come assistance. A general
ight couid not be permitted, and
ie informed the little party within, that
f they were acting in good faith they
ctust surrender immediately. After
:onsul cation they agreed to yield, and
roang Martin threw open the doors and
tepped out into the moonlight. In u
winkling he was handcuffed and
hackled by the sheriff. But the parents
vere not so easily quieted. The mother
an out andnoured npon the officers an
inceasing torrent oi abase, and then
truck one of the posse with a r ck The
nan through his gun up and threatened
o shoot if the woman did not lmrriedi.tely
return to the house. This enraged
he father, and lie took down the old
Winchester'rifle with which his son had
nurdered Weis<-r, and threatened death
o the entire pjsse. The - sheriff's revolver
flashed unexpectedly in the old
nan's face and he give tip the rifled
Che house was found stockcd with:
;uns and ammunition, and all the
arrangements for a long siege. William
klartin said that he would have surren- . ~
lered immediately but for fear of being
nobbed by the sheriff's posse, which he
mew contain ed some men who were his
nortal enemies. The sheriff reassured
lira on that point. The journey to V?
Lebanon was made quietly and without
nterruption, and the murderer was
safely lodged in jail before daylight.
Helping the Party.
In the days gone by a Detroit Sheriff
vho Lad uade a close shave of being
elected, had the ill-luck to lose a
prisoner from the jail. The fellow
nade good his escape to the country,
jut the Sheriff overhauled him about
sight miles out and drove him cnder a
jam. The prisoner was captured and
ret he was not. If he could not get out
^ J vi/kf /*Af t
>LLV OUGIIJ-L UUU1V4 UUU auvi VUJ.VU__ r<
lad no effect on him. In this emergency
the officer called out:
"Say, Jim." rig
" Yes."
"You know I had a mighty close
;ha\e getting this office ?"
"Yon did that."
" Well, I'm laying my pipes for a
econd term. If I lose you I might as
well hang up. The opposition -will
iold it up in letters four feet high, and
hundreds of men in my own party will
!IIp my name. Do you hear me V
" 1 do," ~ ; :
"Well, I ask you to come out, not
exactly as a prisoner fcoing back to jail,
bat more as a patriot bound to stand by
[lis party. Come, Jim." ;,:jg
I'll be hacked if I don't!" replied ^
the prisoner. Thejadge was agin me,
my sentence was unjast, and I hate
four jail, but if it's going: to help the
party and < rnsh the hydra-beaded opposition
out I comc ?Free Press.
General Grant lias insurea nu iite
'-''-it'

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