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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, December 28, 1881, Image 1

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WEEKLY EDITION. \ WIXNSBORO, 8. C., WEDNESDAY. DECEMBER 28; 1881. ESTABLISHED IN 1848.
' *- I tttyc ruTrox. | SOUTH SEA SLATES.
. THE BLACK ROSE. ;
??
SY WILKIE COLLINS.
?AUTHOK OF?
"733 WOMAX IX WHITE," "THE MOOH
STONE," "AFTER DASK," "XO NAME,"
" HAS AXD WIFE," " THE LAW AXD
M THB LADY," "THE SEW MAG9^
DALEX," ma, Era
" There is no need for me to trouble
you with a narrative of what I saw?faX,
_ - vored by Doctor Wy brow's introduction
v"--v?at the French boy's bedside. It was
shbply a repetition of what I had already
heard. There he lay at the
- / height of the fever asking, in the intervals
of relief, intelligent questions relative
to the medicines administered to
him, and perfectly understanding the
answers. He was irritable when we
asked birr? to take his memory back to
the time before his illness, and then
he answered in French: " I haven't got
a memoiy.'
44 But I have something else to tell
you, which is deserving of your best
attention. The envelope and its inclo
sures (addressed to 'Bernard "Winter^
field, Esq.'), are in my possession. The
Christian name sufficiently identifies
the inscription with the TVinterfield
whom I know.
; " The circumstances under which the
discovery was made were related to me
by the proprietor of the asylum.
" When the boy was brought to the
house, two French ladies (his mother
and sister) accompanied him, and meni
tioned what had been their own domestic
experience of the case. They described
the wandering propensities
which took the lad away from home,
and the odd concealment of his waisicoat
on the last occasion, when he had
returned from one of his vagrant out
breaks.
^ "On his first night at the asylum he
became excited by finding himself in a
strange place. It was necessary to give
him a composing draught. On going to
bed he was purposely not prevented
from hiding his waistcoat under the pillow
as usual.
"When the sedative had produced
its effect the attendant easily possessed
^ . himself of the hidden garment. It was
the plain duty of the master of the
house to make sure that nothing likely
to be turned to evil uses were concealed
by a patient. The seal which had
secured the envelope was found on examination
to have been broken.
^ <"I would not Lave broken the seal
myself,' our host added. 1 But, as thing;
were, I thought it my duty to look al
the inclosures. They refer to private
affairs of 3Ir. Winterfield in which h<
is deeply interested, and they ought tc
have been long since placed in his pos
p0?r session. I reed scarcely say that I con
iaits-plaoe-^n'der the lining' when he
wo&e. 'lire original envelope and inclosures
(with a statement of circum*
> stances signed by ray assistant and myself)
have been secured under another
V v cover, sealed with my own seal. I have
done my best to discover Mr. Bernard
"Winteriield. He appears not to live in
> liondon. At least, I failed to find his
name in the directory. I wrote nest,
mentioning what had happened, to the
^ EngL~h gentleman to whom I send re*
ports of the lad's health. He couldn't
help me. A second letter to the French
ladies only produced the same result.
T ,VTTYT* T ?< ? 1
vnu x ouvuiu UC ^iau LU ^CU X1U Ui UijT
responsibility oil honorable terms.'
k "All this was said in the boy's pres1^
ence. He lay listening to it as if it had
been a story told of some one else. I
conld not resist the useless desire to
question him. Not speaking French
myself?although I can read the lank
guage?I asked Doctor Wybrow and his
\ friend to interpret for me.
" My questions led to nothing. The
French boy knew no more about the
letter than I did.
- There was no discoverable motive,
^ * mind, for suspecting him of imposing
on us. When I said:
- rerjiicvps yon stole it i * lie answered,
quite composedly:
" ' Very likely; they tell me I have
been mad; I don't remember it myself;
|ki but mad people do strange things.'
? " I tried him again:
" * Or, perhaps, you took it away out
of misehief ?'
" 'And yon broke the seal, and looked
at the papers?'
" ' I dare sav.'
^ "' And then you kept them hidden,
{ thinking they might be of some use to
you? Or, perhaps, feeling ashamed of
what you had done, and meaning to rent
ore them if you got the opportunity?'
" ' You know best, sir.'
P* " The same result followed when wo
Bgft tried to find out where he had been, and what
T>r>rmlA Tiafl triknn rem of liim
Ilk during his last vagrant escape from
ffjfai home. It was a new revelation to him
|li that he had been anywhere. "With evident
interest, he applied to tls to teli
lim whero he had wandered to, and
||p k?3;at people he .had seen!
' So onr last attempts at enlightenHent
ended. We came to the final
Hiestion of how to place the papers,
Kth the least possible loss of time, in
K|r tfinterfield's hands.
His absence in Paris having been
^ntioned, I stated plainly my own
>ition toward him at the present time.
B"Mr. Winter field has made an ap- j
Rntment with me to call in a few clays j
njMiis hotel in London/ I said. 'I shall
BP jPbhably be jhe first friend who sees him
on'his ret"rn fro?a faiis. If you will
Bp trust me with your sealed packet, in
consideration of these circumstances, I
will give you a formal receipt for it in
K. Doctor V.'vbrcw's presence, and I will
add any written pledge that you may reauire
on mv r>art. acting as Mr. Winter
field's representative and frie.id. Perhaps
you would like a reference ?.$ well 'f
" He made a courteous reply. *
"4 A friend of Doctor "WybroVs,' lie
B said. ' requires no other reference.'
" 'Excuse me,' I persisted, 'I hid the
honor of meeting Doctor "Wybrow for the
first time yesterday. Permit me to lefer
you to Lord Loring, who lias long known forte
me as his spiritual director and friend.' some
" This account of myself settled the way
matter. I wrote the necessary secui-i- "J
ties, and I have all the papers lying be- leav<
fore me on my desk at this moment.
"You remember how seals were i cate,
broken and impressed again, at the i I ms
Koman postofSce, in the revolutionary j (as I
days when we were both young men ? j the
Thanks to the knowledge then obtained, j The
[ the extraordinary events which once j line:
associated Mr. "Winterfield and Miss bod]
Evrecourt are at last plainly revealed to me;
me. Copies of the papers are in my read
possession, and the originals are sealed be ?
again with the crest of the proprietor of real.
the asylum, as if nothing had hap- I ai
pened. nam
"I don't propose to make any prema- ^noture
use of the information which I have ^
obtained. The first and foremost me<
necessity, as I have already reminded <?
you, is to give Penrose the undisturbed
i opportunity of completing the converj
* crea
| sion of Kcmayne. th*
* * * *
Mr.
The Stolen Papers. ^ ,
Knnibe-r One.?From EmmaWinterfield to y0n*
Tim' >1 i-rr/l Wi ? iprHfJii. Tr-r\v
" -4, Mai dwell Buildings, Belhaven. 83 1j
"How shall I address you? Dear
Bvim^rd, or sir? It doesn't matter. I 1 ur
ara going to do one of the few good
actions of mv life, and familiarities or
formalities matter nothing to a woman "
who lies on her deathbed. you
" Yes; I have met with another acci- this
dent. Shortly after the date of our 1 wi
separation, you heard, I think, of the tou<
fall in the circus that fractured my add
skull. ? On that occasion a surgical beli
operation, and a bit of silver plate in rep
place of the bone, put me right again, pea
This time it has been the kick of a horse W0]
in the stables. Some internal injury is <
the consequence. I may die to-morrow, Vot
or live till next week. Anyway, the
doctor has confessed it, ny time has Th
come. kin
"Mind one thing. The drink?that fca
vile habit which lost me your love and tha
banished me from your house?the drink <jes
is not to blame for this last misfortune, the
Only the day before it happened I had <
taken the pledge, under persuasion of for
the good rector here, the Eeverend Mr. V0T
Fennick. It is he who has brought mc ?
to make this confession, and who takes ^
it down in writing at my bedside. Do ^lfe
you remember how I once hated the ^
very name of a parson?and when you ^
proposed, in a joke, to marry me before ,
the registrar, how I took it in down- ^
' right earnest, and kept you to your ^
word? We poor horse-riders and aero
' bats only ?new clergymen as mu
enemies we liad?always using tlieir in- ^
^ fluence to keep people out of our show
5 and the bread out of onr mouths. If I ^
: had met with Mr. Fennick in my younger ^ ^
5 days what a different woman I migh1. ^
J have been. ^
) "Well, regrets of that kind are use- ^
- less now. I am truly sorry, Bernard,
- for the evil that I have done you, and J ^
: tie allowance that you offered me. J
i respected your name. For seven yeaa-s e'^
from t.. time of our separation I re
turned t? my profession under an as
sumed ni^me, and never troubled you. C01
' The one thing I could not do was to for- ^0I
1 get you. If yon were infatuated by my
unlucky beauty .1 loved devotedly on su<
' my side. The well-born gentleman who *a11
' had sacrificed everything for my sake I?
was something more than mortal in my
1 estimation ; he was?no! I won't shock *en
the good man who writes this by saying a*ri
what he was. Besides, what do you
care for my thoughts of you now ? j
' 'If vou had onlv been content to re- j s^a"
main as I left you?or if I had not found j f?r
you out paying your addresses to Miss j *ie
Eyrecourt, when you believed that eeath I van
had released you from me?I should j "
have lived and died, doing you no other j req.
injury th:ci ^.e first great injury of cou-! to i
senting to be your wife. j for<
:cT"*I made the discovery?it doesn't m!?
mzt'jer how. Our circus was in Devon- ani*
shire at the time. My jealous rage Pro
vrt r\ T _,T I si
iXLau.u.^nca JLixv, u~av.i JL uau a >utiicu aumirer
in a man who was old enough to mabe
my father. I let him suppose that wor
the way to my favor lay through help- Pro
ing my revenge on the woman who was "
about to take my place. He found the van
money to have you watched at home and
abroad: he T)ut the false announcement c*os
of my death in the daily newspapers to Jon
complete your delusion; he baffled the "
inquiries made through your lawyers to E
obtain positive proof of my death. And that
last, and (in those wicked days) best *ion
service of all, he took me to Brussels ^or 1
and posted me at the door of the English mnc
ca r?h vanr loTrrfril rc-if/a /-rrrifl^ i ll6r
her marriage certificate in her hand) ^ier
was the first person "who met you and an(^
the mock Mrs. "Winterfield on your way *nS
from the altar to the weddftog breakfast, was
" I own it, to my shame. I triumphed Dev
in the miscliief I had done. that
"But I had deserved to suffer; and C0UI
I did suffer, when I heard that Miss y0U
Eyrecourt's mother and her two friends jjaT
took her away from you?with her own ^Qn
entire approval?at the church-door, gear(
and restored her to society without a
stain on her reputation. How the Brus- ma^
sels marriage was kept a secret I conld
T>rsf -firxl nnf Trliprt T f1'?TV?Mf?>'nprl 0WT1
them with exposure I got a lawyer's let- * ^
ter, and was advised in mv own interests saKC
to hold ray tongue. The rector has ?0U1
since told 2".e that the marriage could
be lawfully declared null and void, and
that the circumstances would excuse
vou before anv judge in England. I a*m:
nro1.
can now well understand that people ^ ^
with rank and money to help them can . *
keep their own secrets and avoid ex- . .'
posure, to which the poor, in their *
places, must submit. '' *
/xi._ emii
more auiy line last* stzji raw
.niinr
mains to oe aone. ?
or
"Idcclare solemnly,on my deathbed, ,
that yon acted in perfect good faith ^n?
when yon married Miss Eyreconrt. Yon
have not only been a man cruelly injured SCSs
by me, but vilely insulted and misjudged ^ac*
by the two Eyrecourrs, and by the lord ^orL
and lady who encouraged them to set
you down as a villain guilty of heartless now
and shameless deceit. is as
"It is my conviction that these peo- 6e^a
pie might have done more than misin- and
T . i 11 -i . . , it ..
leiprec your iionorauie suDmission to oe
the circumstances iu which you were
placed. They might have prosecuted
you for bigamy, if they could have got ^
kc to appear against you. I am com- ^
^
d when I remember that I did make i
1 small amends. I kept out of their i
and yours from that day to this. ;
[ am told that I owe it to you to i
2 proof of my death behind me.
tt'hen the doctor writes my certifihe
will mention the mark by which
lv be identified, if this reaches you
I hope and believe it will) between
time of my death and my burial,
rector, who will close and seal these
5 as soon as the breath is out of my
r, will add what he can to identify
and the landlady of this house is
y to answer any question that may
iut to her. This time yon may be
ty assured that you are free. "When
n buried, and they show you my
eless grave in the churchyard, I
w your kind heart ?I die, Bernard,
ie firm belief that you will forgive
There was one thing more that I
to ask of you, relating to a poor
,ture who is in the room with us at
moment. But, oh, I am so weary!
Fennick will tell you what it is. Say
yourself sometimes?perhaps when
have married some lady whc is
thy of you?there was good as well
ad in poor Emma. Farewell."
nber Two,?From the Reverend Charles
Fennick to Bernard Winter field.
" The Rectory, Belhaven.
Sir?It is my sad daty to inform
that Mrs. Emma Winter-field died
morning a little before 5 o'clock,
ill add no comment of mine to the
firing language in which she has
ressed you. God has, I most sincerely
ieve, accepted the poor sinner's
entance. Her contritu spirit is at j
? ??~ +v,a f/vrmV.in rvnes in the I
UCj ttJXllUlg tiio
:ld beyond the grave.
'In consideration of her wish that
l should see her in death, the coffin
1 be kept open until thu last moment,
e medical man in attendance has
dly given me a copy of his certitte,
which I inclose. You will see
t the remains are identified by the
icription of a small silver plate on
i right parietal bone of the skull.
'I need scarcely add that all the in-1
mation I car give you is willingly at
lr service.
' She mentions, poor soul! something
ich she had to ask of you. I ^refei
> jieqaest which, in her exhausted
xe, s>.e was unable to address to yon
her own words.
' WVii'Ia the -nprformances of the cir
5 were taking place in tlie nc-xt county
ours, a wandering lad. evidently of
ficient intelligence, was discovered
ing to creep under the tent to see
at was going on. He could give no
elligible account of himself. The
e Mrs. Wintcrfield, whose early life
inderstand to have been passed in
ance, discovered that the boy was
ench, and felt interested in the unrtunate
creature, from former happy
jociations with kind friends of his
" I say ' appeared,' because an invefcite
reserve marks one of the peculiaris
of the mental affliction from whicl?
suffers. Even his benefactress neve*
lid persuade him to take her into Ma
lfidence. In other respects, her inence,
so far as I can learn, had been
jcessfully exerted in restraining cera
mischievous propensities in him
ich occasionally showed themselves,
e effect of her death has been to in.sify
that reserve to which I have
sady alluded. He is sullen and irrile,
and the good landlady at the
gings does not disguise that she
inks from taking care of him even
a few days. Until I hear from you
will remain under charge of my serits
at fTie rectory.
! You have, no doubt, anticipated the
uest which the poor sufferer wished
tddress to you but a few hours bei
her death. She hoped that you
jlit be willing to place this friendless
. helpless creature under competent
tection. Failing your assistance,
lall have no alternative, however I
r regret it, but to send him to the
khouse of this town, on his way,
bably, to the public asylum.
Believe me. sir. vour faithful ser
t. Charles Fexxk^c." i
P. S.?I fear my letter and its inures
may be delayed in reaching
Yesterday evening I had returned
ay house before it occurred to me
; Mrs. "Winterlield had not mened
your address. My only excuse
this forgetfulness is that I was veiy
:h distressed while I was writing by
bedside. I at once went back to
lodgings, but she had fallen asleep,
I dare not disturb her. This mornwhen
I returned to the house sIia
dead. There is an allusion to
onshire in her letter, which suggests
your residence may be in that
ltv; and I think she once spoke of
as a person of rank and fortune,
ing failed to find jour name in a
don directory, I am now about to
ch our free library here for a county
>ry of Devon, on the chance that it
assist me. Let me add, for your
satisfaction, that no eyes but mme
see these papers. For security's
>, I shall seal them at once and write
: name on the envelope."
******
Ad'.h'lb'j l4other Benxce'l.
How the boy contrived to possess
self of the sealed i>acket we shall
)ably never know. He was in the
n?as the confession mentions?
le the rector was writing from the
sg woman's dictation. On the next
he might have seen Mr. Fcnnicfc
'loved over his own letter, and
ht have put the two writings togethin
his crazy brain. Anyhow, we
w that he must have escaped from
rectory with the papers in his posion,
and that he did certainly get
: to his mother and sister in Lon
I
With such complete information as 1
liave at my disposal, the prospect
; clear again as we can desire. The
.ration of Romayne from his wife,
the alteration of his will seem to
:ow merely questions of time."
THE ESD OF THE TBTIIT) BOOK
BOOK THE FOURTH.
APTEB I.?THE BREACH IS WIDENED. ,
fortnight after Father Benwell's ;
iliscovery Stella followed lier husband
one morning into his study. "Have
vou heard from Mr. Penrose ?" she inquired.
"Yes. He will be here to-morrow.
"To make a long visit?"
" I hope so. The longer the better.''
She looked at him with a mingled ex
pression of surprise and reproach. '' "Why
do you say that?" she asked. "Why
do you want bim so much?when you
have got me ?"
Thus far he had been sitting at his
desk, resting his head on his hand, with
his downcast eyes fixed on an open book.
When she put her last question to him,
he suddenly looked up. Through the
large window at his side, the morning
light fell on his face. The haggard look
of suffering which S fella remembered
on the day when they met on the deck
of the steamboat was again nsiDie, noi
softened and chastened now by the
touching" resignation of the bygone tims,
but intensified by the dogged and despairing'endurance
of a man weary oi
himself and his life. Her heart ach t
for him. She said, softly: "I don'i
mean to reproach you."
"Are you jealous of Penrose?" he
asked, with a bitter smile.
She desperately told him the truth
"I am afraid of Penrose," she answered
He eyed her with a strange expres
Bion of suspicions surprise. " "Why an
you afraid of Penrose V"
It was no time to ran the risk of irri
tating him. The torment of the voic<
" * * i jl mr .
had returned in tiie past nigui. xm
old gnawing remorse of the fatal da.y o
the duel had betrayed itself in the wile
words that escaped him, when he sanl
into a broken slumber as the morninj
dawned. Feeling the truest pity fo:
him, she was still resolute to asser
herself against the coming interferenci
of Penrose. She tried her ground by i
dangerous means?the means of an in
direct reply.
"Ithink tou miffht have told me,'
she said, "that Mr. Penrose vras ;
priest."
He looked down again at his boot
"How did you. know Penrose was
priest?"
" I had only to look at the directio:
on your letters to him."
""Well, and what is there to frighte
you in his being a priest ? You told m
at the Lorings' ball that you took a
mterest in Penrose because I like
him-"
"I didn't know then, Lewis, that h
had concealed his profession from u;
I can't he'p distrusting a man who do(
that."
He laughed?not ^ery kindly. " Yo
might as well say you distrust a ma
who conceals that he is an author, t
writing an anonymous book. Whi
Penrose did, he did under orders fro]
his superior?and, moreover, he frank]
owned to me that he was a priest. If yc
blame anybody, you had better blan
me for respecting his confidence."
diligent toward my errors, even' if la
wroner."
That simple appeal touched his bett<
nature. " I don't mean to'be hard on yoi
Stella," he answered. "It's a littJ
irritating to hear you say that you di:
trust the most . devoted and mos
affectionate" friend that man ever hac
Why can't I love my wife and love m
friend too ? You don't know, when I ai
trying to get on with my book, how
miss the help and sympathy of Penrose
| The very sound of his voice used t
| encourage me. Come, Stella, give m
I a kiss?and let us, as the children saj
J make it up!"
He rose from liis writing-table. Sh
metliim more than half-way, and presse
all her love?and perhaps a little of he
fear too?on his lips. . He retnrned th
kiss as warmly as it was given, and then
unhappily for both of them, he returne
to the subjcct.
""My own love," he said, "try to lik
my friend, for my sake; and betoleran
of other forms of Christianity beside
the form which happens to be yours.
Her smiling lips closed; she tnrne<
from him. "With the sensitive selfish
.ness of a woman's love she looked oi
Penrose as a robber who had stolen thi
sympathies which should have beei
wholly hers. As she moved away he:
quick observation noticed the opei
book on the desk, -with notes and line:
in pencil on the margin of the page
What had Romayne been reading whicl
had interested him in that way ? If hi
had remained silent she would hav(
iddressed the inquiry to him openly
But he was hurt, on his side, by th<
sudden manner of her withdrawal iron:
him. He spoke, and his tone was colde]
than ever.
" I won't attempt to combat your prejudices,"
he said. " But one thing ]
must seriously ask of you. When mj
friend Penrose comes here to-morrow
don't treat him as you treated Mr. Wini
^ 4 ??
ICJLliCJLU.
There was a momentary paleness in
her face wliich looked like fear, but it
passed away again. She confronted liixa
firmly, with bright, steady eyes.
"Why do yon refer again to that?"
she asked. " Is?" (she hesitated and recovered
herself)?" is Mr. Winterfield
another devoted friend of yours ?'
He walked to the door, as if he could
scarcely trust his temper if he answered
her, stepped, and thinking better of it,
turned toward her again.
" "We won't quarrel, Stella," he rejoined;
"I will only say I am sorry you
don't appreciate my forbearance. Your
rpccnfion of Mr. Winfprfipln ha*; lost, mp
the friendship of a man whom I sincerely
iiked. -who might have assisted mj
literary labors. You were ill at the time,
and anxious about Mrs. Eyrecourt. 1
respected your devotion to your mother.
I remembered you telling me when yon
first went away to nurse her, that joui
conscience accused you of having sometimes
thoughtlessly neglected youi
mother in her days of health and good
spirits, and I admired the motive ci
atonement which took you to her bedside.
For those reasons I shrank from
saying a word that might wound you.
But, because I was silent, it is not the
less true that you surprised and disappointed
me. Don't do it again!"
He left the room.
She stood, looking after him as he
closed the door, like a woman thunderstruck.
Never yet had he looked at hei
as lie looked when he spoke his last "]
warning words. "With a heavy sigh she
roused hereeli. The vague dread with A Tl
which his tone rather than his words jf
had inspired her, strangely associated jrca
itself with the momentary curiosity rive
which she had felt on noticing the Mar
annotated "book that lay on his desk. riye
She snatched up the volume and
looked at the open page. "With trem- ^ '
bling hands she turned back to tne tocJ
title-page. It presented this written the
inscription: " To Lewis Eo.najiie from fr?.r
his attached friend zr;\ servant, Arthur
Penrose." as a
"God help me!" she said to herself, yill
"the priest has got between tis al- beti
ready!" this
(To be ccnitinued.) W1;
' reaJ
~ " " thri
A Confederate Bond. wrj
The New Orleans Democrat says: I
The recent rise in Confederate bonds was
has caused quice an excitemeniihrough- Loi
out the South.vhere many of the bonds mil
rials to realize juite a sum of money at i the
the present raios. Having been kindly dar
! loaned one of these bonds by a gentle- Q
man who had one and perhaps more, can
the Democrat publishes the text of it as beg
a matter of interest, and also for the cos
purpose of enabling any one having the
some of the bonds to identify them by mo
J comparison. The following is the word- the
ing of the bor^d: <3ar
No. 7,463. First Series. rar
CONFEDERATE STATES OP AJIERICA. bo<
^ Loan authorised Bv section 6 of Feb f0r
; 17, 1864, Act of Congress. as
' On the First day of July, 1894, the est
j Confederate States of America, will pay bol
to the bearer of this bond at the seat of pe]
c government, or at snch place of deposit tfo
J as may be appointed by the Secretary the
-e J.-U . fVia cnm nf On A Til OH- r\ri
r UI LLltJ JL i. oaoiuj) vuv
t sand Dollars, with interest thereon from ke,
, this at the rate of Six per cent, pei xis<
annum, payable semi-annnally on the fei
3 first days of January and Jaly in each by
" year. ala
The Confederate States have, by an jnt
" act approved February 1, 1864, enacted the
a that the principal and interest whereof for
shall be free from taxation, and for the tb<
payment of the interest thereon, the 0f
entire net receipts of any export duty tn,
a hereafter laid on the value of all cotton, jn(
tob:.cco and naval stores, which shall 8ni
1 be exported from the Confederate States, to
and the net proceeds of the import du- we
! ties now laid -on so much thereof, as an,
b may be necessary to pay annually tfce <
e interest, are hereby specially pledged,
n provided that the duties now laid tipon <3a
^ imports, and hereby pledged, shall th<
hereafter be paid in specie or in ster- gr,
6 ling exchange, or in the coupons of (jr,
said bonds. wa
5' Inwitness whereof the Register of the je
:s Treasury in pursuance of the said act C?V
of Congress, had hereunto set his hand 0fj
u and affixed the seal of the treasury at th
? Richmond, this first dav cf March, pr,
'im ' , ?
- E. Appersok, cr,
^ For Register of the Treasury. ^
tn Entered R. B. S. Recorded, J. J. W. ca
[y On the left of the bond, at a right av
^ angle with the body of the bond, are be
the words, "One inousand dollars," and
xe on the right, "Six per cent, per annum." cv
Attached to the bond are sixty coule
ponSj^ payaHe & :,rv,six months, from m
i U6ti?1S65: i&?r% mi. tTLo ocs- jjj
m Igtalea ol afaierica :J: "J-<oan pnaer
m Thirty Dollars for B^r-tirtnfcns*' "uHeTS'^r;
due Jan. 1, 1865, on bond No. 7,403 for jQ
;r $1,000. Ko. Tyler, register;" except su
the dates, which, of course, are all dif- ^
ferent, beginning at Jan. 1, 1865, and lor
'e ending with July 1, 1894. * c*
3- ? so
5t Odd Tilings Fished Up from Wreck s
The Coast Wrecking Company has in of
' its office, New York city, a curious col- ar
lection d? relics from old wrecks and so
D other odd bits taken from the sea. The T1
3 collection embraces quaint pieces of st<
furniture, explosive shells, and shells of sk
0 the ocean, shreds of ladies' dresses, th
rude weapons of savage races, hugs foi
Starfish, and many curious things, the th
use and purpose of which are still un- ha
known. The collection contains the of
e broken bell brought up from the ill^
fated steamer Atlantic, of the "White ve:
Star line, which was wrecked on Golden an
r Rule Rock, on the Nova Scotia coast, on he
e April 1, 1873, with a loss of 557 out of foi
i, 1,007 souls on .board. There is also a tui
3 rusty, hiltless sword, dug out of the sni
sand eight yearg ago, near the hulk of an(
the British bark Thistle, which was lost; Th
e on Squan Beach, N. J., in 181V, There j del
t are also several bottles of sweet oil, ass
s Holding a pint ana a-nait eacn, witn tne eas
? original corks intact, and the oil aa clear <
as crystal, taken in November, 1877, wa
from the wreck of the British bark ma
- Robert, which went down in 1844, with to
3 a cargo of lead and oil and five of her bol
e crew, off the place where Atlantic City ev<
j now stands. There is a Sonth Sea Island jnc
canteen, ingeniously constructed of co- 1
r coannt shells, which was fished up from the
1 a wreck in seventy feet of water on the Ca
5 coast of Maipei also a mussel shell 0?B
firmly embedded four inches in depth f0r
j in a well which was found one hundred tec
and forty feet above the sea level on the vra:
3 Jersey coast, also a pelican's skull and 0f
> bill, measuring^wo feet from back to pai
. tip. (making an excellent though wide wh
j dipper) which was fouifd near the wreck hac
' of the bark Robert Fletcher, on the south ttet
beach of Long Island, and which is said wa!
: to have been used to bail out the boat raj<
bv the crew when endeavoring to es- fire
cape. The jaws of a shark, kibed on the Th
; South Carolina coast, which have been cra
. preserved, can easily be placed over the dei
shoulders and down the body of a full- np,
grown man. One of the most curious hiD
' relics is a lamp chimney taken from j
the remains of.the ironclad Merrimac. fig]
Oysters three inches long were found jng
attached to the glass, and four large bra
oysters which .bad grown about the brass bit
base of the chimney, form an irregular no
square. The hilts of several swords wai
and some old firearms are also incrusted xvas
with oyster shells. bet
ley
The Shape of Bells, Aas
It is very likely that the shape of bei
bells was suggested at first by the sono J Gar
rous qualities of certain metallic vessels
in household use, which when struck
gave forth peculiar sounds. By different W0T
practical tests, it was found in time con
that the present conical form was the vo^
best adapted for the conveyance of sound cair
to a distance. In the catalogue of one
of the bell founders it is stated that in fres
the single department of church bells, sn0
the establishment has nearly one hundred
patterns, extending from the treb- m.a!
ble tones adapted to the belfry of the kist
wayside chapel to the deep notes that km
resound from the massive tower of the eri<
cathedral. .< B
The patterns which regulate the inside
and outside contour of bells are kef<
known as "sweepboards." They are the
made of pine, and have that part of strT1
their edge which comes in contact with h?l(
the mixture of clay and sand -which has C01S
been dried on the mold lined with pou
polished steel or sheet brass. These ^eai
are made to revolve on their pivoted ca1^
ends against the core casing and against ceP
the ontside casing, until by tlieir scrap- so 4
ing action they symmetrically fashion the
the mold coatings to their proper ^aT
curvature.
' tain
Being intoxicated three times deprives was
a man of the right to vote under the qnii
old French law. intc
FIRE ONLY AT HORSEMEN*!? the
fed.
irillinz Account of a Fierce Fight Dur- cav
Ids ihe Civil War. SI10
the reader could stand on the great ran
bridge which spans the Potomac alr<
r at Harper's Ferry, and look upon
viand heights towering from the
r's brink '2,000 feet into the air, and J
rned with a great stone fort, nseful the
nf T write. and then ele:
UC UUTU V* II M .. 7
i the eje toward the great pile of tho
ss on the Virginia side known as are
Loudon heights, rising abruptly hig
n the Shenandoah river to the ma
jht of more than 1,0C0 feet, and the
a upon Bolivar heights, standing the
, bold background to the desolate anc
age of Harper's Ferry, he could vai
ter appreciate the situation in which the
i little band was placed at the time I cor
t introduce them. He could better ste
Lize its perils and understand the fro
illicg episode of which I am to Jos
te. pa;
n the winter of 1864 Cole's cavalry ret
i encamped on the east face of coi
id on heights, a little more than two hir
s of the liver, an<f -""position, as mc
sequel will show, was a very th<
igerous one. bo
?he single road leading past the m<
lp toward the point, where at the wa
ginning of my story we found this lei
amand engaged with Mosby, led up cei
i mountain side and at times was al- wl
st impassable. Loudon county was caj
i home of many of Mosby's most mi
icg officers and men. Every path, !}o
ine and declivity in the neighbor- rei
)d of this isolated camp was, there- wl
e, as familiar to Mosby and his men an
the high road. The camp was not cl<
ablished here without reluctance, for m<
th officers and men recognized the va
:ils which would surround it an
ough the weary winter. For a time th
i men were cautious and never un- m!
;ssed at night. Their arms were mi
pt always within reach and ready for th
?, but the sense cf danger, which all; se
t at first; wore off a9 the weeks went j dc
and there was no attack, not even an w<
rm. Both officers and men relapsed pe
o a feeling of security, which made in
;m more mind ul of their own com- al:
t than of the dangers with which th
ij were snrrounded. About the 1st st:
January there was a heavy snowfall, CO
3 the weather became intensely cold, of
fining the men to stow themselves ha
agly away at nijjht as though going er
at. hnme. I fear also that they
re not very careful about their arms th
d ammunition. be
Ilie Sth of January was very cold and (tl
3 night which followed intensely if
rk. The snow carpet which covered uj
a camp was the only relief to the Ic
eat black veil which seemed to be fo
awn over the face of all nature. It bt
.s upon this night that Mosby had be
termined to attack and if possible se
pture this battalion of cavalry, which, n<
tener than any other, had met him in 63
e battle and dealt him hard blows, at
3 selected about four hundred of the. st
st of his command and left camp, cs
ossing the snow-clad mountains to tl
- - - - ?- --- Thav T
e ngUC 01 luajcr vuxc o taiuf. ?
me by by-paths and through ravines, oi
oiding the pickets on the Hills- tl
irough road and finally capturing c<
em from the rear before they had a is
Lance to fire a shot or alarm the camp, tl
was between 2 and 3 o'clock on tbe d
orning of the 10th of January that h
osby captured the pickets and pre- ?
gited alon^th'e lines- t>f tents1,where'
e Union cavalrymen were sleeping 1<
fancied security, without even n
spicion that an enemy was near, ti
: a given signal a deadly fire was s<
>ened upon them. Naturally, all was la
nfnsion. The vojley, which killed
me of the men ia.' their tents and
-J.T I
juuiieu biic xixou vtaiujuj^
danger. There hud been no call to la
ms. Boots and saddles hid not been cl
anded to prepare the men for duty, o)
le ciack of the enemy's guns was the hi
jrn call to arms made upon these n<
:eping men, with no time to reach for b<
eir clothing and almost less to grope te
r their arms in the dark. To be sure, ra
ey had been used to hardships, and of
d never failed to respond to the call sn
duty. Their pluck and endurance b<
re now subjected to the se- gi
rest test known in modern war, ei
d yet they did not flinch or w.
sitate. Almost without waiting th
the orders of their officers the men a
ned out into the bitter cold and le
dw, ankle deep, in their night clothes, th
I in most instances without shoes, ar
rpsnonded to the attack with a to
~v r ,
termination which astonished their lei
iailants, who had expected to haye an be
>y capture. de
'Fire at every man on horseback!" at
s almost the first order of the com- T1
nding officer. " Men, do not take sn
your horses!" The men obeyed ta:
th orders and directed their fire upon U]
3ry man on horseback, and this th
licious action won them the day. pr
5Vhen the Confederates found that co
>y were to be resisted to the death, be
ptain Smith, one of the principal co
.cers in command of the attacking pn
ce, shouted to his men: " Fire the
its and shoot 'em by the light!:' He
3 sitting on his horse near the head
* a J i n n4
tne row 01 tents occupied oy uom- ?*?
ly A. A sergeant of tbat company, kn
0 had been grouping for his carbine, ^
1 found it, and was just pushing his fr<
id through the tent when this order ad
3 given. He dropped on his knees,
3ed his piece to his shoulder, and C9\
id at the officer giving the command.
e ball struck him near the eye and wa
-shed through his brain, and he fell *es
id into the mouth of the tent, almost cei
Dn the man whose bullet had killed re!
Q. sb
ror three-quarters of an hour this
iit in the snow continued, with vary- t-hi
aam Ac c-n/tAAaa ol(
CilrtUUeo tii cuttoai, hum wu i
,ve men whc. were doing battle in the Pe:
ter cold, without clothing, suffered 6U1
man can tell, and yet tbev never I c^'
rered. The scene dnriDg the light j C3a
i simply indescribable. The men on J su^
h sides fought like tigers, and vol- a
after volley v^as exchanged, the re8
h of the gnns as each was discharged
g the only relief to the somber "ai
kness of the night. The shouts of Otl
men engaged could be heard above
din of battle, and the groans of the
mded mingled strangely with the i ^
fusion of the strife. As each fresh j
Ley wonia ior a moment iigm up me
ip with its sickening, death-like S1X
re, some comrade would fall, and a ^e'
ill stream of blood crimson the 60,
w. How the men fought and how 12,
y stood out during that hour was a *or
Tel even to themselves, and the ?*
;orv of war within all the tide of P03
e cannot produce a more striking Bo
lence of bravery and devotion. ma
hardly had the flash from the first 8V^
ev died and the fight actually begun I
>re they heard the long-roll beat in s^
camps at Harper's Ferry, and the uve
ggling men knew that if they could P01
1 out for a little while relief would ^
ie. The troops at Harper's Ferry -j.g
IA can a flash r\f orcrr orm onrl ! .
r the crack of every death-dealing ^
sice. There was no relief there ex- ,
t infantry, and it was two miles off, ^ '
here was for a whole hour and more
conflicting emotions of hope and j
as to the fate of the courageous ' ?
e band of veterans on the moun-1 ^
. The Thirty-fourth Massachusetts
ordered to the rescue on a "double q
zk " as soon as it could be ordered j hai
> line. But before it could reach j nig
summit of Loudon neignis ine uonerates
had been repulsed and Cole's
airy had won the fight upon the Fi,
w clad mountain top that added
ch to the name and fame it had i
;ady gained.?Philadelphia Press. j
What a Corner Is.
l stock comer is thu3 explained dv
New York Evening Post: The "bear ^
ment" in the market consists of all jI(
se who think that prices of securities pe
higher than they onght to be,
her than they can permanently rein.
In order to take advantage of
unwarranted "inflation of values" as
;y understand it, they borrow stocks jg
1 sell them at the high prices pre ^
ling, expecting to bo able to buy er
;m in at lower prices before it be- aE
nes necessary to return the borrowed 0j
urities. For instance, A borrows as
m B 1,000 shares of Hannibal & St. <j<
seph, which is selling at sixty. A m
73 B $60,000 cash and agrees to
urn the stock on demand, when, of 3
irse, the money ^ili be refunded to
n. It is for B's interest to lend the as
ok, because he gets the interest on .the w
the use of the
)ney. Under ordinary conditions B, p
3 lender of the stock, will pay A, the jt
rrower, something for the use of the 4.
)ney, but if the particular stock ^
nted by the bears is scarce, it will be r?
it "flat," that is, the borrower will reive
nothing for the use of the money K
lilo the loan continues. In extreme K
ses the lender may even get a comooinn
fnr the rise of stock in addition 01
the interest on the money which it ^
presents. If the market fluctuates
lile the loan continue?, the borrower ^
d lender settle with each other at the t]
jse of each day, so that the amount of ^
Dney shall at all time be exactly equi- g
lent to the value of the stock. 0
When the bears, or any portion of a
em, have discerned a weak spot in the ^
irket?that is a security selling for 5
ore than it is worth in their opinion? 0
ey borrow and sell it liberally. Their ^
iling has the same effect in putting
iwn the price as though the stock Q
jre absolutely their own, and their ex- !r
sctation is, that other holders observ- t
g a decline in the price will become
* 8,
irmed and pell also, thus putting aown i
e prices still more and frightening ?
ill other holders. They intend, of
urse, to buy enough at the lower scale q
quotations to deliver back what they
Lve borrowed, pocketing the differice.
It sometimes, though rarely, happens
at a few persons, discovering what the s
ars are about and believing that they >
ae bears) are strong enough to stand a y
;avy loss without breaking, quietly buy
) all of a particular stock that exists. ,
t order that the price may not be .
reed up while they are themselves
lying, they lend stock freely to the ?
1 j-i ? lofrfoT tr> I
jars, ana tuus euuuuiajg mi,
II. When tliey have secured all. or c
>arly all, of the particular stock that ?
;ists they call in their loans. The bears n
e then compelled to buy, and since no
ock, or very little, is for sale, the price ,
m be foi ccd up to any figure at which
le cornering party choose to put it. c
he "shorts" must come up and settle c
2 such terms as may be dictated to c.
lem. The last resort is to leave the 1
jraering party saddled with the whole j
sue of the stock in question. Whether
ley make or lose by the operation will '
epend upon whether they can extort *
om thj bears more than enough to '
smpensate them for the loss they ;
1 1 _ '
iay imgr iu resiling the gtocs to tue \l{
ornenny^fe&a, u.3f^aL S
>se money, which has been gained]'
lean while by the multitude" who Eave~~|
tken advantage of the high prices to
ill out. For this reason corners have \
utterly been of rare occurrence.
A Great Enterprise. j
The tunnel between France and Eng- ^
.nd has been pushed a mile under the ^
lannei from either shore, or one-tenth 1
['the distance. It proceeds a yard an f
our, and it will take two years, from j
ow to complete it. The first bore will ^
?between seven and nine feet in diame- ^
r, and will have to be enlarged fer j.
.ilway service. Besides the distance t
1 eighteen and a quarter miles as the c
ibmarine line of the tunnel, there will c.
i about a mile and one quarter of
adnal descent from the surface on
ther shore to the bottom of shafts
hich are nearly 300 feet deep. From
is depth the tunnel will fall away at
gentle slope, afterward pursuing a f
vel course until a point is reached near I
e opposite coast, when there will be
lother upward incline. The object is ?
keep a depth in the chalk at no time
ss than 200 feet beneath the channel ^
id. The entire thickness of the chalk
iposit is known to be at least 500 feet ^
each of the two points of departure,
lere are scund geological reasons to
ppose that this thickness is main- ?
ined through the intervening space. .
p to this time experiment sustains the
eorv, and stockholders in the enter- j ^
ise are delighted.. Money is forth- j
ming as fast as required, and will not i ,
denied white the engineers' reports i J
ntinue as encouraging as these now j
Lblished. ?
I &
A LiTely Adventuress. j 0
A young woman who was brought up j ^
Brantford, Canada, without any j ^
owledge of her father and mother, j ?
is finally taaen to an insane asyium, i >m
which she escaped, and became an "
venturess of the most dime-novel &
aracter. First she figured as an "es- n
ped nun" and found lecturing in 2
at capacity very profitable. Then sne w
is a persecuted saint from the Pro- ?
stant fold and found that a very sacssful
investment. Then she was a j1
;urned missionary from China, where ^
e had achieved immense success in tc
ilding up the Lord's kingdom, .After uj
i-3, she tried to elope with a 14-year p
1 boy, the heir of considerable proi**-c
H'Vion/^o ^or>linpr? into a crm- ^
caption, deceiving, by means of red ^
emical hid in her cheek, ibe physi- ^
,ns themselves, who thonght she was j v
Dject to hemorrhages. S e has been
frequent guest at Rideau Hull, the
idence of Lord Lome, and was deited
just in time to prevent her marge
with a rich and brilliant lawyer of .
:awa.?Free Press.
el
Where Jersey Cows Cosna From. I ^
rersev Island, the place from which j
obtain the favorite Jersey cow, is a j f2
all spot of land. If squared, it is j
and three- quarter miles each way. j C(:
t this little island has a population of j 0
000 human beings, and has over I DC
000 cattle, and has had that cumber ;
the last twenty years, for the censas j
1861 gives 12,037. And yet. they ex-1 !3
t on an average annually 2,000 head. ! L,
nghly speaking, on this island they I {V
nage to support one head of Line to j ,
ry acre. A good Jersey will yield j ^
f her own weight in butter a year?
i rarely exceeds 800 pounds, and her T
irage weight at home is about 700 ?a
mds. *Q
ar
Wisconsin has been trying to destroy
wolves, wild cats, and foxes by offer- ; of
a reward for every one killed, and 1 ta
hin six months has expended nearlv t tb
000 in tbis way. But those who ! w<
m to know, say that the only result ; la
; been to increase the number of these hi
mals, the reward offered for their !
itraction being an incentive to breed Sl
i raise mem. ; ?>
? : nt
Dhere is one advantage about false wi
r?it [never turns white in a single of
ht. | ST
E
zurcs and Facts Relating to the Growth
and Manufacture of the Staple.
The New York Mail says: "Judging j
)m the statistics of cotton raising in r
e South, both previous to and since j
e civil war, " King Cotton " has held ^
s undisturbed sway in that section, j
th only an interregnum of four years, r
)m 1861 to 1865, for which stormy ^
riod no record appears. r
Tha vipld of cotton in all the
v? J rathern
States raising it for sixteen
ars before the war was 49.106.000
iles, ending with the season of 186061.
For the sixteen years since the
ir, commencing with 1865-1866, and
iding with 1880-1881, the crops
aonnted to 63.135.000 bales, an excess
yield of 14.029,000 bales, or an aver;e
annnal increase of 976,000 bales,
he crop in 1865-1866, it is true, was
nch smaller than that of 1860 1861.
nng but 2,27b UUU Daies, against ,
849,000 in the latter season.' This ]
lling off, however, is not as mated .
\ in some bad years previous tcKhe^ ?
ar, considering ail theoggges jjch ,
ln~lS71-72*?h.e greatesfc^roportionate
lling off "in the coHcmfcrop eVei ex
sriesiced took place, the"yield amount
i g to but 2,974,000 bales against
347,000 the preceding season, which
as the second largest 'crop ever
ticed in the United States. Since
372 the crop has increased in a regalar
itio, with only one retrograde move
-n-A rrsr i. is cnfl (inn IvjIos fn
lent in xo i st-1 o, tu xj,uuu|uvu vuv. ?
380 81. In both these off-years the
rop was affected by drouth and by
orms.
The former cause of damage probably
ill tend to reduce the crop somewhat
lis year, as none of the estimates range
igherthan 5,505,000 bales, while some
o as low as 5,175,000. The estimates
f the Agricultural Bureau on acreage
ad condition of crop as compared with
liose cf last year wonld make it about
,370,000 bales. At the present stage
f the crop this seems a fair approximator
The entire acreage in the ten cotton
ltate=; planted to cotton this year is
5,392,096, a gain over last year of
4,496 acres. In 1S71 the entire acrege
was abont 8 666.217, giving an inrease
of 6,725,879 acres in ten years. j
'or these ten years Texas shows the I
reatest gain. In 1871 Texas liad but
00,937 acres against 2,433,002 this year,
- train of 1,642,065 acres. Louisiana is
-
he only State which bas reduced its j
creage in the same period, in which it l
hows a loss of 4,060 acres.
As compared with last years acreage, !
forth Carolina has increased 4 per cent., |
Louisiana 3 per cent., Texas-2 percent., !
nd Arkansas 1 per cent, while in J
rioriila, Alabama and Tennessee there i
s a fallingoff, in the latter State of 7 '
>er cent., or 57,134. almost as large a j
oss in one State as the gain in acreage !
>f all the other States, Florida is the
malle.st cotton-growing State, having i
rat 244 052 acres. Georgia leads with
1,842,026 acres. j
According to the Commercial and
financial Chronicle, a journal whose
sotton statistics are entitled to pmchj
confidence Texas is now the largest
;ot!:on-producing State, having gror. rr
n the season of 1880-81, 7^k000 bales,
'--- - J 1871.
jver unc-iuuu ux us-l\,
.bough it then raised tenth
jf the crop, or 2S0,0two
;o-called new cotton
ind Texas, produce
L871, and 1,745,000 baleflH^^^^
lent, prodncingla1^^^^
2,660,000 in 1880. J
The crop of 1S80 was, disposed of as
'ollows: Exports to Great Britain,
1832,000 bales; to the continent,
i i-30 mm u?i?? . A ~az
i, i UUjUVJV/ 9 uuoai CAI/uivcu) ijuuu*
)00 baies; home consumption, Northern
nills, 1,713,000 bales; Southern mills,
530,000 bales; total crop, 6,606,000 bales,
.'n 1841-42 the entire crop of 1,684,000
)ales was divided in the following proporions:
Total exports, including 936,000
>ales to Great Britain and 529,000 bales
o the continent, 1,465,000 bales ; home
:onsumption, in Northern mills only,
?8,000 bales.
Comparing these figures it will be
een that in the Southern States there
s now nearly as much cotton spinning
a in all the Northern States in 18il; !
hat the amount of cotton consumed in !
he Northern mills is larsrer bv several i
housand bales than the entire exports
if that rear, and that the proportion of
xports to the crop is reduced from 86 j
er cent, to 69 per cent. In other "words, j
re retain and manufacture 31 per cent, j
Qstead of 14 per cent, of the crop, a gain :
f 15 per cent, only in forty years, 3 per \
ent. of which the Southern States j
ained. Great Britain, on the other!
and, has increased her cotton manufac- j
ares 300 per cent, during the same pe- !
iod upon American cotton alone, of j
'hich she took 2,832.000 bales in 18S0, j
ithcut reckoning 573,607 bales of cot- i
an from India and 251.000 from Egypt, i
tc.
The general average of cotton to the i
ere throughout the ten States, is about:
ne-third of a bale of about 450 pounds '
'eight. In Arkansas and .Louisiana,
owever, the average yield in 1880 was
Dnsiderably over one-half bale per
2re. Virginia, Missouri, Indian Terri>ry
and Kentucky, not usually rearded
as cotton-growing States, had,
1880, is is estimated, an area aggreating
94 378 acres planted to cotton
hich produced 49,100 bales. The exsllence
of this y:eld is probably due to
" ? i i ?1. _ i
le iact inac planters who piace ineir :
iria dependence upon other stap'es, j
ave as a fancy crop a small field of cot-1
>n, which is better cared for than that
pon the great cotton plantations can pos- i
bly be. As an example of this it may
?added that in Orleans Parish, Louisi- j
la, seven acres by superior cultivation ,
roduced twelve bales of cotton in ! J
iSO. j.
The question of the cost per pound of
.ising cotton, under ordiuarilv favor- j
)le conditions of weather has often ! 1
i n discusted, but generally without ((
riving at very definite results. At- j j
mpts have been made many times to ; ]
duce growers of cotton to reckon I ]
osfly all the expanses of a crop from ' j
,e time the ground is opened until the j i
ilcs are shipped to maiket, but like far- j 2
ers everywhere they are either averse j j
the trouble of figuring the detailed i 1
>st of their operations, or are ignorant j
what expenditures should or should |
)t be taken into a ccount, A corre- j
indent of the New York Times, in a j'
cent letter from Arlauta, says : " I! i
se heard the cost per pound estimated ' i
I the way from to 9 cts * * * j <
le lower estimate represents a possi-! <
hty already realized by a few of the i 1
ist farmers, and open to many ; the j (
gher a discouraging fact, drawn from j <
e experience of thousands of cotton i ]
isers, why go on year after year pursu- j ]
g the same k>ose system of cultivation, ! s
id producing one Dale to three or four 11
res." He goes on to enumerate a few ; 1
the debts and credits that should be [ 1
ken into account-, ana concludes with 1^
e assertion, "Nobody has thought it; <
:>r:h vhile to make the effort on a j 1
rge scale. The estimates that one j <
>ars so frequently from 6 to 9 cents a ' 1
>und a-c bisc-d on limited experience, 1
iw?ses and impressions rather than on '
ill-digested data, but they are at least | <
?ar the truth, as I think will be shown 11
ith hufficient clearness by a comparison 15
the results of two widely different :
stems of farming." . i
'conrureiisitExints In the Hawaiian Islands. ?3
The San Francisco Chronicle pnbishes
an interview with a gentleman
atelv from Honolulu, in which he is
eported as saying : "I have read every
ine that has appeared recently in regard ; j
o the system of slavery now existing^ :
n the Sandwich Islaids. There are nany
important facts that have not ap- ;
)eared in print, and I will give your
eaders some of them." .
"The Englishman or American who '
mters the port of Honolulu will see
;hree objects there to which his eyes
c>HSH
md ius attention v?.m uc V/axi^u* amv .irst
is the notorious slave pen on Fisherman's
Point; the second is the L:|
penitentiary, not far distant, -and the ?}
;hird is Dr. Damon's church, the pastor'
>f which is commonly known as 'Old
Father Damon.' The Honolulu folks ;J
point .with pride to the church, look '''M
teith veneration upon the penitentiary? J?
where most of them ought to be, if vcu ' lave
eyer heard them backbite each other - o
?and with regard to the slave pen, that is
the latest rotable addition to Havra- ftalian^!^
but it -'s rather
its type, that is, it is simply a vast" barracoon
where the contract serfs are safe
for the time being. The pen incloses &
large area of ground. And is sur- ' ^
rounded by a wooden fence apparently 1
from fifteen to twenty feet high. It has .-'.J
never been described in your column?, . 3
sojiglpilladd something else. The in- < v|
dry and arid, and on hot days
tEeSflr there is suffocating. Around
the fence, here and- there, are bunks, - y*.
common wooden troughs they might be .M
called, where the 'contract' creatures .
huddle. Some are furnished b^sfchem- 3|
selves with "rough bedding, others are 33
filled, with straw, but speakiog moder- j
ately, a man who respected his hogs %
would furnish them with better quar- . ^
ters. At a significant point in- the pen
is a small fortress, we will call it, wnere
the guard stands, and from there he is r >
in a position to give the alarm or shoot
the first serf that revolts. FonxuMBMHtf
the serfs were landed at tbeesplalfl H
(regular" wharf) and driven thn| B
Honolulu, to the pen. It was ifl H
that this wonld not do, as the heM
looking condition of the 'emigJB
attracted the attention of sci^a^er^^^R
and produced in some instances pro- -
found sympathy for the misprible serfs. 4
from persoEs who had revfer seen such.
human degradation befofe. Now thej
have built a long w]&rf out into the i
shallow which connects with the pen, *
and the peons never'pass through the
*" "T 1? V*wm? foVon
streers ot nuiiuimu, uui> <?.o
directly from the slavers to the long -yfwharf,
as we will call it.
"If you had been in Honolulu in /\
June last you would have seen a characteristic
sight, startling in some of its.
aspects. -?iving at the old steamboat
wiaarf we're two vessels?one ostensibly
engaged in saving the sonls of men,
; the other in. enslaving their bodies.
i One was the missionary brigantine
Morning Star, Capt. Bray commanding,
ah<? flying the American flag, the other
*v?as what some commomy called the
crA?? Pant, Tiernev. flvine 'i
j DIOYCi w?j-? ? v # ^ w
* the Hawaiian flag. Both vessels lay
i alongside of each other. On the I
[missionary vessel prayers were said - %
j daily, andhjmns were -sung and the
i Lord was praised for all his mercies. .?
I Everything was in order and the faro
and surroundings were luxurious enough r
j for, princes of the church.' On the
j slaver there was an ominous silence. ,jjSm
j Chains,
i for the South Seas (Micronesia) to
| engage in the work of soul-saving?
i that is the correct term for it I suppose.
| The slaver went out to sea without
| song or hymn; the missionary vessel
went out to sea praising the Lord. The
very men who sang hymns ctot the ?
missionary craft?the 'elite' of Honolulu?were
the very men who furnished
the chains,the shot-guns and the howitzer
for the slaver. Msgyoatsiders, who
were moved by the contact-, said: 'This
is an infamous burlesque on what ought
to be a civilized and Christian community.'
The Storm Bird is owned by the
Hawaiian Government. The Morning
Strvr xras naid fr,r T VipKava trif.li ten r&nt
contributions from the Protestant
school children in the United States.
" Here let me ask the sympathies of
all people for the poor South Sea
Islanders, .who are held as degraded
slaves on the Sandwich Islands. The
other serfs can in some way be heard.
The Chinese coolies are, perhaps, better
off than they were in Ghina; anyway,^
they are able to take care of themselves
and they have more than once thrown
defiance in the face of the Hawaiian .
Government; the Portuguese have a
sort of Consul in Honolulu and also
the bishop of the Catholic Church to
whom they can appeal in some respects;
the Mexicans, and there are quite a
number on the islands now, have also a
Consul. I don't know how it is about
the Norwegians and others, but beine
white men they can probably be heard.
But no 4 hearing can alleviate
their galling servitude. They
may be simply counseled to
obedience. It is different with the
Sonth Sea Islanders. They have no
Consal, nobody to represent them, and
as they are ignorant of both the Hawaiian
and English languages, they are * '
virtually deaf and dumb, and are driven
about by signs, precisely like beasts of
burden. In their own islands they
never labored beyond nshing and picking
cocoanut? enough to nustain life.
Tiiey were free and independent men,
subject alone to the call of their chief.
When arriving cn the plantations they
? -J i.1 -j. i. X J -Li. i...
uuu nicy xuusb wur* lrum uajngut vu
dark and their food is not fit for hogs
They are a simple, child-like race, aaft-y^"
not being inared to hardship they
find their chains catting intb them.
The mortality among them, both on the
slavers while coming to the islands and
:<n the plantations, is frightful. They
it times die olT like sheep that have the
rot. They are a sad sight as they arrive,
and to see them wirh tin labels
iround their necks, and numbers
;hereon to designate them, as tbey^Wy
ilong, dejected and aimless lookin
i sigh!; that would more any heart (
lardened) with pity. | - ?
A Slayer of Seventy Mem j
According to the Express of Atla f
Cesas.the champion wielder of the p:
n a close fight is Captain Joe Pee
ormerly a citizen of Arkansas, resi- '! Vfl
;lose to the Choctaw line. He ^
leputy United State3 marshal i -'M
ong time, and often had the command
>f a posse when that was more dangervn<5
V>rj<in#?:s thin it is in Viae? V/v?-Tr
Daring the war he was arrested by the
federal troops on the charge of being a
;pv, court-martialed, and sentenced to
oe shot. He made his escape, and from
;hat time until the downfall of the Confederacy
h:s name and daring deeds
s'ere well known in both armies. Sev- .
jntv men have fallen at the report of
lis pistol, and yet in all his personal
encounters he was known only once to
oe wounded, and that was while tiring
io arrest a desperado in the Indian
lerritory. Captain Peevy is now &
citizen of Oregon, where he is reported
to have killed five ronghs who recently
it tacked him. Yet with all this he is
aid to be a pleasant companion and &n
mswerving friend.

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