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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, January 04, 1882, Image 2

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/2012218613/1882-01-04/ed-1/seq-2/

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news and herald.
B12>XE>DAT, January 4. : : : 18S2ftfo.
s. r r. >\volds. associ>tk editor. | 1:
The Richmond & Danville Railroad ti
ok the five hundred dollar prize at 5.
? tne Atlanta ?*xposuiuii xur ujo uwi . i-.
Htthy of native wood.
jgjffif Bellefoxt, Alabama, is without a
BE*|store. The only two merchants in the j.
K "place got into a row the other dav and .
L ?hot each other to pieces. Competition ^
p* may be the life of trade, hut in this
Brj^ase it proved the death of the trader. ^
m Guiteau has been put in the prison- t
B^r's dock at last, where he should have
Hibeen all the time. The experts almost ^
^^unanimously reject t he insanity theory, ^
and the sheriff is about negotiating for J1
Khemp and a cheap scaffold. : c
H j" Radicals predict that they will have ?
fir * six Democrats kicked out of Congress {,
it by the end of January. If the Demo pfcrats
will stand square to the mark, s
r and try Kadical tactics in filiibustering
H I thev cai produce a deadlock which'
[k~w57TTast indefinitely. This is the time j j
? to show backbone and we believe our >,
[' Congressmen will make the exhibition, j
? Some of the Georgia Republicans j v
>^\^8o-called Democrats of the Parson |
stamp have held a conference in a
' and intend ro enter upon a ' c
Ss VjpilJCCl- effort to Mahoni/e th?t | 0
iftforo sanVHi?'* fII ji'iriliiu J
If ihas caused a good deal of loose talk all, b
trough the South. but by the timej I
S*V hat Georgia sits down on Brotherj r
J^^Belton, as we believe she will, the old i 0
JpSbalybacks will run for their holes i "
again. Lightning doesn't often strike;"
twice in the same place. j e
\?j~ Somebody predicts that Blaine and \
t|?oe Brown. of Georgia, will be put on j
B" Presidential ticket in 1884 in opposi- t
^vgition to Stalwartisrn. It is too early j
BjjLyefc to predict events, but B?aine has , \
the Presidential bee in his bonnet bad- s
o??r1 Ko mo*' / "'..v n .
H y <?a(( iiiav Kiyj ciziil^> l
I ; in the next two years to commend l?ii? ;i
re - to all auti-third-termers. lint in the c
k meantime we see no yeas on for swap- i t
p jm? off a staunch Democratic stand- i j
IV -ard-bearer for anybody else. We t
Ifci/went to the Liberals once. It is their ; <.
Wartime to come over now. ; \
Christmas and New Year.
\ Christmas has come and gone. So ' !
ft /'softly it stole in, so gently it demeaned j t
R : itself during its short visit, and so ^
Bt promptly it got up and left, that we U
[^Jtscarcelv realized its character. The ; 1
sj Slbiclemeucy of the weather and the j
: ^comparative scarcity of money had i t
^something to do with this apparent; i
: Jffwant of excitement. In the homes of: 1
fppour people, however, around the quiet; 1
t wcsiuc^ hi me uiuiiiy circjc, i!ic great |
Eg- aid anniversary was appropriately oh- j
-served, and though presents and tokens :
cv^f affection may not liave been so co<t- *
- as usual, they nevertheless created i ^
'fs much pleasure and happiness as 1
: "We st?nd now o/ the brink of the i ^
a|s^jpM year, and are looking: over into the 1 1
Br shadow of the new, endeavoring to dis- i J
cover in the shadow of coming events j1
ft ?-Wr miM-fispassflfiqn
Bh -Countless castles in the air were erect- !
B ed, and handsome fortunes were real-1 *
H ized- on paper. Our people were too j *
Bjg sanguine, they pulled down old barns j ^
g and bui : greater ones, which unpro- : 1
I pi Hons seasons refused to fill.
Disappointment has come to all, and j1
f privations we fear will be the lot of p
But the loss has not been as great as j 1
. X&ras feared. Not everything was swept; '
%way. Something is left. V?"e begin | 1
Another vear chastened bv the expe-; =
-V.U . . * * ?I 5
i puuces ui iuu past iveive-monrii. v. e j 1
1 l>ave not lost confidence that this State 1
[ possesses great natural advantages or ;c
^W^tiiat a proud future awaits her, but v.e ;J
[ taught that Providcnce does not i5
f;?K|intetid as to prosper too rapidly, that j1
.goiter seasons of plenty there must be a i
Reason of disappointment, in order to . *
^jSeach as to appreciate what we have. 1
MKpaud to proceed with caution and care. 1
We may look vriih hope to the fu- I
future. We have health and stremgth. *
'The crops of small grain, of which so 1
tV *inach has been planted, give gratify- ^
ml ?no prospects of good harvests. The A
winter has been mild, and genial. Let js
^ft^ope thaLsw shall have good sea-j 1
? / <fu\noA?Tffna> fKa n/>mnuy ?? A 4- ???? i t
pt_ * j C> Tto.1. XXL 4111
, rate let us do onr duty, so that wheth- I
f we achieve success or not, we may 1
J.irrest assured that we have deserved it. c
- ;
m i Manifest Destiny and tie Colore 3
^ Zzodns.
nL- The contemplated exodus of colored
Hf people from Edgefield county causes >
W ^""TOuch comment; and in many quarters (
K^-ecnsiderable lamentation. The loss of j t
r^?-iaoorers, iorrne time being, is a sen-1 t
<>-ous matter, and tends to cripple indus- ^
stories. Yet, in the long run, il is much
better for discontented laborers to j g
-soQve awav than lie around doing
* iSthing fur themselves and dernoralizBjyting
other people. Most of tlie emigPrauts
are restless and credulous. They | j(
4^B$make nothing here and are easily led ; ?
run e^sevv"^cre m search of the land j ^
|!|\rhere money grows on trees and j a
^J^erennial springs of molasses srush out i g
the ground alongside of mountains !
liog meat and fatty bread. The j s
SfeMsborers who prosper prefer to re-1 d
^V&tain, so that although the Quantity of i ?
S&bor is diminished by the exodus, the ! 1
Jsoality may be improved in propor- | v
1 Again, the excess of the colored j3
L ?3>opalatiou here is too great for the 0
|b% l^ood either of the whites, or the blacks, .ja
* \ Too mnch ignorance prevails, ruSRfa
||k every in erest is imperilled therebv. | ^
Rfr Theory predicts, and practice t< aches r'
that the prosperity of every country i
Blends first upon the amount of in-!
Wtjf': ygeuce, and second?a direct corol- 1
? ^ ' y from the first?upon the prepon- !
J^^^Vance of the Caucasian race. Negro
P^^^or is said to be ?<Je best in the j v
i " ? /i ,i .i i .i
jM^rid. uraul uiai. ici it llium ul* 1 ti
gander Caneasion control. Those tl
Msyotftherii States which have the largest ?
i^percentage of white population are the ^
Richest, and even in our own State the $
white'' counties are more prosperous ! u
Ura&n the others. Wherever a larire J;
J^Si)rcDOuderance of black population r4
fpound, cotton cnluire usurps the entire , ?;<
| of labor, ami the inevitable story j w
& ?credit purchases, lien securities,;
, ? hard 1
OHCOii ami uiciH?iuj?a; ? ? .
durijig tbo suruincr and an c
>v
- ?. rzamsm t 'msmux^s^: ul*. tarns* jjob
facial visit from tiicvherifl in tlie fail?
cpeaN itself wit!i unfailing regularity,
'he difl^rence seems !o be this, that j
rhite labor hyp a tendency to expand
self in (iiver-ilivu farming, while
r?!ore<I labor gravitates naiurally to
lie cottonfieM. As loiiir a< colored
ibor abounds in tlie State. 110 other
ibor will compete with it. lint as it
ecede>. the universal law of gravitaion,
of demand and suppiv will asert
it-clf. and white labor will gradully
come in to til! the vacuum.
A hundred years ago slavery ex-!
ended over the whole Union. Where
an a more charming p:?;ture of farm i
ife in slavery times be found than
rvimr's description of Mynheer Van
.'asset's domain on the banks of the
ludsoii in the great State of New '
fork? Since then the negro lias coninually
moved down South, the white ;
iiborer tleading closely on his heels, i
low absurd ."s Irviug's picture ofXew
fork life now. Thi* teaches that the
manifest destiny ot'tiie son of Ham to
oncentratft about the tropics?his naive
latitude?while the temperate zone
rill revert to its first settlers?the !
hiklren of Japi?&i.
Another significant fact is that no
erious organized effort has ever been
isade to restore the colored race to
nv section that it has once abandoned. ;
*
Iowever useful and valuable colored
? I """ ? imv/il' I
111)01* IfKtV I1UVU UI'UIU it uviv.1
J
roven itself indispensable to the public
welfare.
We believe these Edgefield pilgrims
re merely obeying the natural laws j
if pof^sTrrrr." Lff them go. The
ountry will not be permanently in- |
tired. It was said in 1865 that with
iavery the sceptre of the South had I
lassed awcy. Free hibor could never )
aise cotton. How absurd was this:
relief in the light of the present? Ju>t
o some pessimists get into a panic .
:owadavs and cry ''Ichabod", when
ver a carload of colored laborers!
eave for the West, a:ul yet in ten
cars these very persons would not
lave the ' exodusters'' back on any
enns.
As matters now stand in the State
he danger of white emigration is more
ei:ou> than of a wholesale exudns of
he blacks. The immense prepondertnce
of colored labor has thrown agri
flimiMfls in which
'lUiuiv; niiv/ vv.iuu.1 v x.,. ,
l^e white laborer cannot compete. |
ust a.? the colored laborer cannot enter
hi- field of diversified industries which
:haracterize the farming operations of
vhite men. Our white population
horeiorc will go to "white sections"
niless the colored emigrant <roes first.
>outh Carolina is admirably adopted
o diversified industries. Let her by
til means retain the population that is
t!so fitted for it, so as to secure a full
measure of prosperity.
To secure the fullest blessings ultimately,
let us complacently look on
jpoti any suoi) preliminary step as is
..-vtv i,nino- in Kdircfield. even if
,ve have to be crumped somewhat by
he period of transition.
The Bread Problem.
We publish this morning- a very ine
resting and instructive artice by the
icv. li. D. Pratt, upon the bread
>robleui which is so momentous just
iow. in view of the short harvests of
a>t year. Mr. Pratt was for a large
lumber of years a missionary to South
America, and while there became
horougbly conversant with the ways.j
ie believes that the chief breadstuff of
Colombia can be introduced in South
Carolina to the greatest advantage.
Last year lie published an article de;cribing
this corn, and distributed the
;eed tree of charge, but as he gave it
he name of millet, it was confounded
vith our millets that are used for j
>rovender for stock; and this article
lid not receive the attention it deserved.
This time he has had some
>fthe corn ground in an ordinary;
jrist mill, and from the meal has had j
>read made. A.s ta?* as we can judge,
t is difficult to distinguish from our j
>rdinary corn-bread, and in fact is of
i better quality man oreau maue irom
iiich meal as is occasionally bought in j
>ur grocery stores. We commend the
irticle to the serious attention of our
armors, especially as to the line yield
nspite of drought, and as to the!
malysis which is appended. Let the!
>eople lay aside prejudice and make a j
air experiment. This is no speculaion
nor ;{job" as every one knows j
vho is acquainted with the gentleman ;
vho has written the article. lie is j
incerelv desirous of helping our peo- j
)Ie. and he believes that if given a fair i
rial this Millo Corn will prove as
>alatable and wholesome as our ordi- '
larv Indian corn, and very much j
iheaper. We commend the article to ;
>ur readers as one suggestion as to the ;
ncthod of solving the bread problem, j
TBI BUTE OF BESFECT.
Normal College, Nashville, Tennessee.
December 17, 1881.?Since
Jod, in His infinite mercy, has seen fit
o cut oft' in the prime of his youth,
nr friend and brother, Ralph W.
aldwell, whom, though his interourse
with us had been only for a few
hnr* wf> had learned to re?/ard
s a young man of brilliant promise !
nd true gentlemanly principles, and {
ince by his descease oar College has !
ost one of its brightest ornaments, his j
itate one of its best representatives,!
,nd the Agatheridan Society one of its j
blest members: therefore, be it resolv- !
<* I
I. That we bow intyyati* snbmis- i
ion to the im>cr?taJT^:i'.''.o of Provi- !
lence, and extend to the bereaved j
iuiily our hearfelt sympathies in this !
beir grievous affliction.
II. That we attend the funeral ser- i
ices in a body, and offer floral tributes !
s a token of love for onr departed
rother, and wear an appropriate j
adge of mourning for t hirty days.
III. That a copy of these resolutions j
<s forwarded to the distressed family;
t Winnsboro, S. C., another to the ;
Vinnsboro Xkws akd Hkkai.o, ami a
(lird to the JS'ashville city papers.
Carletox Mitchell, )
w. w. mii.lku,
G. W. Cross, } Committee. ;
Jso. A. MoCluke, !
W. C. Hint, J
?How about that remarkable eonersrence
of pi opheoies, biblical and a>rolosrical,
upon the \ear 1881? And
of niiiimiiK hrpnt in the i?:il!erv
f the great pyramid. 1J581 inches, or:
jer, or somHhhur, from somewhere
ise. noted and expounded bv I'iuzzi j
myth? The year's sands of lif<; are |
early run out, and the old world still
>gs a'.on^ very much as usual. Can it! <
e that all those ingenious compnta- ;
ons and learned disquisitions "which
> worried some of the tiu.Mer of us <
ere in the nature of rubbish?
?Coffee drinkers should read the ad- 1
prtisenient in another column headed
' jod Coffee. * 'i
<
.VA' L<> MAIZE
The Grain for the Cotton State*.
.Ve>w.?. Editors: I >end you a pone
of bread made of meal ground by Mr.
Creijrht from the Millo Corn?pronounced
mczl-tjo?on the merits and
demerits of which I ;?hoii!d be glad t<
have you express an opinion. I bei
leave also to offer the following contribution
to voiir columns on this im
portaut cereal, which 1 am ' lire combines.
for us of liii? section. a largei
number of solid ie>ommendations ii
its favor than any other that can be
named.
I brought the seed with me frorr
South America four years :<<ro. am
have grown it i:i this place for foui
successive summers, striving the whiU
to introduce it to the acquaintance
and recommend it to the adoption am
use of our people; but with so link
success hitherto, that, though I pub
lished an article i:i your columns las
spring on the subject, ami advertised
the public of a free distribution o
seed to all applicants at the Drug am
Seed Store of Messrs. MuMaster. Brie<
& Ketchin; and though I gave the scet
to friends in Georgia and North Caro
linafour years ago, and have done si
since that time, 1 doubt whether tw<
quarts of the seed can to-day be fount
in the three States, outside of m\
house. My own little supply is, ]
fear, quite too small to meet the de
maud which now at length is about tt
be created for it. "The proof of tin
pudding is in the eating". I intendct
last winter to have some of r!:e seet
ground, with a view to testing it:
bread-making qualifies, mu my c<>\\
got ;ii my unthreshed grain, and spoiler
my experiment.
People are slow to take hold of am
new thing. In the year l^Gii or 18G7
my uvoilier, Dr. X. A. Pratt, laborer
haul and long to convince his Charles
ton friends that they had ;::i inexhausti
ble mine of wealth in their phosphati
beds; but with mortilYing wa:.i "
success till Xorlhei n capitalists tool
hold of the thing. People .:otild no
believe that a "worthies/'?.one whic!
had always been to t!i< planters an un
(1 nni.aiu-e. et llld contain t!i(
elements of a:rricu!luial prosperity i??i
two contiuerts. Nov 1 believe thu
the Miilo (\?r:i oilers to these Southeri
States, and particularly to the cotton
bearing belt, a source of prosperity
and wealth 1ar greater than tiie plios
phute bed* of Charleston: but 1 havi
tell at times that 1 also was in dauge
or'starting a "i'ratfs Humbug" i:
Winnsboro, to the serious detriment <>
my ministerial character. I'eoph
would not believe t!:at a r^und v. hit*
grain, about hall" the size of larg;
wheat, and which grows li\c sorghum
could really be the half ! representee
f'i?? i('?l :!?><! udder of sor
jrhum bein?r unlit food for anything
Dnt "tiiC padding'' has been bake;
and oaten; and now all reasonable
people are being convinced diat then
is no cause why the ordinary am
favorite grain-food of the laboring
classes in Colombia may not providi
rations for man and beast in Son! I
Carolina as well as in South America
What was sent to the mill was o
course selected from the worst, rathe
the host, seed. The latter woiih
have given a better and somewha
whiter meal, no doubt; but it is no
so dark as the tkor/.s of wheat, wine!
it somewhat resembles in tuste. 1 d<
not pretend tiiat it is equal to the bes
corn meal, out the iron era I verdict o
- 'i .1- . t 1 :
tuo?e who nave iumcu mu imvj.u i
that lit the dark they would::ot knov
but that it was made from good corn
To my taste it is like corn meal mixe<
with the short? of wheat.
1 have seen it growing in the Unite*
States of Colombia at all elevations
tertH* thousand iVct. never higher,
believe; and ill ali c imates, Ir.un th
we: test t^) the di ves:. In K-aria:iquil:a
on t!ie coast, where we have a dr;
season (which is really a "drought"
of live or six months' continuance,
have had it planted in niv garden, am
aiter it had ripened one crop of seed,
huve cut it down to the roots in tin
midst of this dry season, and had :
second crop (of inferior quality, o
course.) to shoot up at once from th
roots. I have have been told ther
ti;at a third crop of fully ripened see<
can thus be made from a single plant
ing. I do not know whv.t litis can im
ply, (for the soil at that season gets t<
be as dry as a potsherd, and nearly a
hard), unless it means that, abovi
most other plants, tms lives ot in
atmosphere, which there certainly i
densely charged with moisture iron
the sea. It was this unlimited capaci
ty to stand drought which induced m<
to bring the seed home, in the belie
that it would be of incalculable service
to our Southern States, where on
grain crops so often fail from drought
and where a really good crop come
perhaps once in-five years, it so oiiei
as that.
During the four years of my rcsi
deuce in Winnsboro, we have had s
succession of dry summers, such a
have made me despair of gardening ii
a cotton country, and have led oui
farmers generally to give up planting
corn except on bottom lands. Now
Willing Ult^V* \ CI > ^UilllllCI9 ill* A.VX1I1V
Corn has always grown with the uf
most luxuriance. bearing an abund
ant yield of seed (the largest heads, s<
far as weighed, giving five or sis
ounces of clean seed apiece), and the
plants remaining green, without thi
firing of a leaf, till frost. Whether ii
lives of the atmosphere or no, I wil
not affirm; but this I will say (am
our town is full of witnesses to th<
fact) that if planted early enough t(
insure a good start, say April 15th 01
May 1st, DRY WKATHEU CAN'T KILL IT:
a facttr iich is as thoroughly demon
strateil in South Carolina as in Soutl
America. It stands dry weather mucl
better than even cotton does.
I committed a serious error lasi
spring in publishing my comrncnda
tions of this remarkable grain undei
the name of "Colombian MilletOui
people, poor as tliev are, are abovt
planting millet for food. Hoping tor ?
better success this time. I give it its
Colombian name, "Milto Coi'n", xyhicl
is just the English of i%31aiz Millo."
1 am satisfied that with this graii
we can flood the State with wholesome
corn meal at twenty-five cents, i
bHshel, and insure a crop whatevei
the season may be. I am satisfied thai
with careful culture it will yield ir
Fairfield county from 50 to 100 bushels
to the acre of clean seed (60 pounds tc
the bushel by actual experiment) oi:
best uplands; and as, like wheat, il
blossoms and fruits at the iop, I believe
that, like wheat, its yield in capable
of indefinite extension. I am unwilling
to concede that 200 bushels t<;
the acre, under the most favorable
conditions of season and of culture,
would be an impossible thing:?that i?
to say, nearly double the largest yield
Orf corn. Of this the reader may judgi
for himself. recolleetiiML-that 10U bushels
weigh pound*. For the ordinary
planting in South America,
which 1 hav?j>2owed here, is in row?
about three'rect wide, or loss, the hills
a foot and a half apart, and three 01
tour gr-iins totlic hill. They never
thin it, anti-^T\t>ols, more or less, according
w circumstances. Thus there
are nearly lo,ow hills to the acre, and
even in this exceptionally dry summer,
and under unfavorable circumstances
to be detailed hereafter, 1 have
raised scores of heads which -would
each yield four or li ve ounces of clean
seed. When, then, one remembers
bow many hundreds of thousands of
ilollars go out of the State every year
tor corn, ana now many mum reus 01
thousand* more <jo lor bacon, he wili
be prepared to estimate the value of a
iiutriiions tuid palateable cereal which
'ati'jhs ut dry irc.iihtr, and tarnishes
"T^.r-VTw''11 ^"W^gaegWULf J..H '-JUS 'J-Jt?JHIg^JL^J?^
! abundant and wholesome food for man j
and beast. If the cotton will brin^ in J
our money. ai;;l Milio (.'oru will yield j
a sure return of food for the tabor be-1
, stowed in the drye.-t >e:ison. (deriving i
its lile from the air when it cauiior i ^
s *1 """ ! V)!
iroin me >ou.j lut'ii u;i* uwuw:i n.r
' -i-<\i<?ns ofthis land will oiler altrac-ji'
> lions and securties which cannot be ,
; lbiiinl elsewhere the world over. |
I must nor omit to say. that if the!'1
Miilo yielded no corn at all, it would ! ' <
he irorib < " Kiev liny J'or l/ie jo<f<ter j .-f1
"'one, which tnav he stripped when i 0
the ?:<ain is in milk. Il i< as good.' or ! ai
i better. (having more body), than that d
from our corn, and many times more >'
abundant. 1 nave my little ones the P
fodder stripped from two small patch- 1
i es. (the one planted under the shade (;(
j oft lie large oaks along my garden ''
; fence, the second set wish the trans- tl
planted thinnings of the other), for u
; which several parties offered them n
$1.25 per hundred, and Messrs. JDoty l:
j ?fc Co. actually paid them $2.U5 for the f'
i total yield. As the two patches to- :l
1 jgcther measure one-sixteenth of an
- acre, tho fo*'der alone was ut the rate ''
t! <>i $.'?2.00 per acre, in such a year of j
j drought as issi; more than half of it | h
i planted in the shade where neither it j u
' nor anything else could thrive, and the j ^
I other set with the transplanted thin- j a
II nings of" the former. I may say here I 51
j! that one quart of seed will plant an 11
: acre; and it'thinned to the halt', in a j H
" good ';sea<;>n"\ the thinnings will I t
)! plant at least one acre more. J I'
mo ti\ lmwint'P n. last i d
) ^ I 111.'? 4^c(\?'~7 liiv -X..,.-. v
j proof of the unexampled vitality of t!
; this valuable cereal. Last spring J j 11
; itn excellent plot of ground in I
I lucerne. It failed. I then planted it j-s;
. in German millet. It also failed. 1
; then ran my garden plow, opening ?
furrows two feet and a half or three ?
feet apart, and, as 1 had already given ^
i | away every grain of the seed rescured :l
1; :rom my cow, 1 thinned the former 11
^ planting, pulling up the plants without P
the least care to taking up any earth r.
with them; they were thrown into
i little piles. carried tiftv vanls. the tops ij
j wrung of! (Ilay were one to I wo feet
! high), and the eartidess roots being
torn a.-under, thev were si-r, lor the
* j '.nost part one hv one, in the shallow a
1 rows, where, with a tea-cup full of 11
-1 water to every hi!!, they were l it to 0
take care of themselves. It did not 11
rain for three weeks, and most of the 01
* I stems turned as yellow as wheat
; >ir:t\v; but \v!;en one good rain did n
c | come. with tho failure of very few s
i liilK it. shot out and yielded by far the c
' ; hest^eed I got. though fully one month
1 j late. One r ot (on an outside row, f(
-! standing between others that lir.d S1
. i died.) s?oo!ed out into a bunch of v'
r j nine stems, rf winch eight bore mag- ('
t ; niticent heads, w?iv?hing at least four ^
i i ounces apiece. This bunch I sent ei>
-! tire, with samples of tup fodder, to the '
r Atlanta Exposition, but have as yet j tj
-; seen no notice of it. I sent another j ^
i nearly as good to the Columbia Fair j r
r I iasi fail, wiih no better success. Well, i s
: then, may I s?y dry weather can't kill ! s
1"; it. The India!! corn which was plaui-; r
:* ed next to these transplanted stems. j J1
21 and ;it I lie s;i:no time, came up ami j 11
.. \ grew, but did not make era; one nub-! s
.: fjfjt, lor lack of a ''favorable season''.; r
i: Now. a grain of which all this >:l
- can be said. must contain the elements 1 i?
. j of un;:rtlcu!rib!e well-being to our peo- i
{; pit', above all in this cot rou-j: rowing ' l1
L'j section, where ail grain and forage !l
[ ! crops are so uncertain. v
1 ' The plant is aliied to the Sorghum s
f j and the Guinea Corn families, and i ?
! j shouid not be planted where there is ! 1
i j danger of mixing with t!;em. The ! l;
| graii' is smaller and more mealy ! 1
i I than the Guinea corn, the heads are I
r j larger and less compact, and the col -r ' '
i I is milk white instead of red. !t differs ! i!
t from the sorghum in this, that the j 0
r i snjrar it contains is fully concerted j s
i j into corn when the grain matures, j )
| so that the pith of the green stalk be- [ :l
t j oomes as dry and tasteless as that <>t i 1
f Indian corn when tlie stalk is dead, j :l
s Except for this, and as the valuable j '
k- product of leaves is green till frost, j:l
. the whole might be converted into | !
] j ensillage, after the grain from the ' c!
I main stem is harvested. If desired for ; l'
] the latter purpose, it can be planted on 1
. wheat or oat land, by improving the :i
r ^iant<fl abwii the fir^ot\viiiW# V,Uw !
e he in blossom, and therefore ready to '
.. cut. about the first or middle of No- *
r vember. As a green food for cows, s
) to be cut repeatedly during the sum- f
] mer. it has few equals.
j This grain should not be planted \ 11
1 near the house, for the chickens will j a
scratch it all up if thev get at it, and j s
' ' * " " ' I ! S
a wnt'ii 11 i;e win 11 v up uii.j me
f ing grain, clutch the stalks with their 1
3 feet, and bend or break them down in s
e order to ye"; at the heads. Fully n *
1 fourth of my best corn was thrown j s
. down in this way. The wccvels arc as s
. fond of it as tnc chickens, so that if a
j put u;> in tin; head, it should he
s sprinkled v?ilh salt, or interspersed 0
c with sassafras or hickory leaves, to pro- [
c tect it against their ravages. It docs ]'
5 nut. shell out and waste like wheat, and 11
1 yet it could readily be threshed out, a
. I suppose, in a wheat thresher. In a c
i> small way it can be threshed with a 0
f flail upon the floor, or with a stick in 11
2 a strong b;ig. The cows are fond of
r the empty heads, which makes it the c
. less necessary to thresh them quite l;
s clean. * s
j It will not be amiss to add that from j1
the time this corn is waist hisrh (June ;!
- - * ... -? i 11
. or July) until frost, n so ucuseiy *
i shades the ground as to kill out grass a
s and weeds. I believe that l?y this crop s
j nut-grass can be exterminated in two j'
i- or three seasons. "
r Parties wishing to get ihe seed can |!
' have if in twentv-iivc cents packages? ^
) enough for planting the eighth of an
. acre?by applying in person or by c,
. mail to Messrs. J. JVI- Beaty & Co.,
> Wim.nsboro, S C. If by mail, enclose
: ?>n"ccnt < to cover postage. s
; The accompanying analysis of the 0
3 unbolted meal, just as it came F
I from the mill, made by the J'
I analytical chemist of the Savannah 11
I (uiatio Company, will go far to justify P
( U,v 'ntran 5f lit- tlm "
UIC [/I Ul ;j * I I V/t I ? *_- 11 W/ IV V ? CUV * V4vl W A XS
) fanners of South America, who say it 11
is "stronger food and sweeter" than
j Indian corn, as well as a more abnnd- ^
. ant and surer crop. Had my meal "
i been ground from the best seed, I fl
i doubt not the analysis would have Y
shown it fully equal to the best Indian 11
t corn. As it is, the chemist reports c
. that as regards its nutr.tive properties, ?
p it is as much better than common ?
wheat as it is inferior to the best corn. J?
? II. B. Pratt.
i Winnsboro, S. C., Jau. 2,18&2.
> '
j Savannah Guano Company, ?
- \T/v OC T> * v l 0
vrru;*,. uv u.\i oi.t j
Savannah, Ga., Dcc. 28, 1881. "
Result of analysis of sample of meal ^
?marked ''Jfaiz Jlfillo"?from Rev. ,]
II. B. Pratt, Winnsboro, S. C.: a
> Moisture at 100 degrees C 1-t.oo i;
Atfl l.<?
Stwb. I carbhrdrates 5*-M a
Gum and Sugar) c*rDn/Qrlies *.j? s|
Fat....\. S.- S ! '
Altmm*notd?, M M j a
Cellulose Plbr* (and loss) ia.n j
iw.no ; f(
The values of nutrients, per pound,;(''
in the United States are as follows: j k
i i
! Carbbydratts 93 1
Fats 3.S* I a
j Alburnenolds 4.50 ; ^
! T'V*Atlft Iiint/) i*/w3 tWiim/lc t\f j yv,
. j iimnuu:, ?.IV v. U
I ! this meal is worth to the farmer: s!
5'.*23x0.95 cents- .S3 c<
2.73X3.-84 rents ~ .11
14 44X4.50 CeliiS .63 "
t!
$1.29 per loo pounds. Cl
\ In order to compare values, I will i pi
! state: The best corn is worth from 'a,
; i $1.32 to $1.34; wheat $1.26 to ?1.35;; s
.; rye 81.32. j M
! (.Signed) J. II. Pratt. ! b
-a? ; ai
A WOMAN'S EXi\':i:iE.\"CE - Mothers and !
' daughters should r? ei alarmed wh^n we;: lire ss
j constantly oppresses them. -J" I am rreixul! ,u
; from (.'Xliau-'Tt'on of vit >l powers ar.i the ?nior hi
: i.siadt-gfro:niny f?ce. Pur&erV Ginger T-:islc ;
; gives quick teller. If build-mo up and drives !
| :< way pain wiih wondenul certainty.''?Buffalo j
j L-dy- * ;
. I ELEGANCE AND ITKITY ? Ladies wlio pp- ^
i preei'ite elegance and pnrirv -:h* uslnsr Parser's 1"
i iijir n lisnn. It isthebc.-l ar ;cle sold i.?r re- , 1.,
.! hto.-in^ gray hair to its or ^ina'. color, beauty ; ' '
and iustre. * ; '*1
iO' j at
! ?Coffee drinkers should read the j c<>
advertisement, in another column head-1 tii
. ed Good Cojfcc. i F!
n f- r- - ~
77/? STOCK LAW.
I'iil (o Provide a Central Stock Law, and
Kegulate the Operations of the Same. i
lie it enacted by tlic Senate and !
louse of Representatives of the State'
['South Carolina, now met and sitting
? ? * !.. ?,.,1 1... .... i
1 ucnenu , uuu v\ UJV uulority
of the same:
Skctjon 1. That ir shall not bo law-;
il tor the owner or manager of any '
:>rse, mule, a??. genet. swine, sheep, I
oar, or neat cattle of any description, j
r any ether person, to pern!it said j
uimals. or any of thorn, or any other
amebic animal, to run at large be-;
ond tlte litnits oi'liis own lane', occu- i
ied or controlled by him; Prodded.
hat the several counties hereinafter ex- j
[ pted shall erect good and sufficient
ue fences and necessary gates between
ie;n and the counties not so excepted;
nd for the purpose of carrying out the
(juirenient of this proviso, tiie C'onn/
Commissioners of the several conn
cs hereinafter excepted, be, and they
re hereby, authorized and required to
rrange lor, and have the necessary
ne fences erected, as herein provided,
y the fit".eenth day of April. A. 1).
:>S2. Tlie counties so excepted hercnder
are Georgetown, 1 lorry and
V"i 11iumsbttrir: Provided, That where
stream of water which in law is a
r.fiicient fence, is a boundary line, no
(iditional fence shall be required along
ljcIi line; And, provided further,
'nat Little Pee Dee Hives* and Lumber
liver shall he deemed and are hereby
cclared to be a sufficient boundary
nice for llorrv county so far as those
ivers extend.
Skc. 2. Thar whenever any of said
rock or animals shall be found upon
le lauds of any other person than the
wner or manager of the same, the
wner of such trespassing stock shall
e liable for ail damages sustained.
nd tor the expenses of liie seizure and
laiutcnance, the said damages and exenses
to be recovered, when i^.-cessay.
l?y-action in any court of comprint!
jurisdiction; and the. said tre?assinjr
stock snail be held ILiv^e for
ie same in preference to alL~oiher
ens, claims, or encumbrances upon i:.
Skc. 3. That any freeholder or lennf.
of land, hi* aireut or representative
iay seize and hold possession of any
f the foie<i"oin<r animals which may be
;espassin?j- upon his promises, -and as
umpensalion fur sncii seizure, may
crnund of the owner for every horse,
uile, ass, ??enet. btsii. ox, cow, cnlf, < r
wine, the sum ofliiry cents, Nand for
very s1icc}j, jroat, or other animal not
erein named. the sum of twenty cents.
?.?re: her with just damages l'or injuries
ustained. which reclamation shall,
,'hon possible, be laid before (he owur
of the trespass n.<r stock within forc-oi.rht
hours after seizure.
Skc. 4. That in ease the claim sliall
c amicably or legally adjusted, and
lie tre-pas>inir animal recovered 1 y
lie owner within twelve hours after
script ot suuli notification, ibe owner
hall further become liable in a' sum
nllloient to cover the maintenance and
are of his stock up to time of its remviil,
but ti:e owner shall be entitled
) recover immediate possession of his
lock on due execution of such bond to
[ cover expenses and claim damages
s any Trial Justice shall decide to be
ood and snfiicicr.t.
Sxc. 5. Wiiea the owner of tresia>sin?r
stock is unknown, said stock
lav be detained for the space of one
i*eck awaiting the owner's action. It
hail then be reported to, and becou c
ubject to the orders of, any Trial Jusice
in the county where the stock is
iskeu up. who shall :a'ce such ac ion
u the premises as wili cfieciuatc the
mrposcs of this Act, bv advertising
he said stock upon Court House door
nd two other public places in the said
otiiity, giving a full description of the
ame ami iiiu tiiuM's ui n iwur,
r with ilie diiiiiairo?, costs, and other
llowa'.ices indicated l?y this Act, tor
lie space often (lays, and at 1 lie cx]>i
iion of that time, should thcjownerof
iic stock not lnive appeared and pakl
SI the expenses. damages and costs
a'operly adjus'ed as in this Act requir(1.
then the said Trial Justice shall oiler
the constable to make public sale of
he same t<> the highest bidder for .cash,
n i out of thy proceeds of such saie
ic .shall pay the costs, damages, exVct
allowed, and thfc surplus, if any
here bo, shall he turned over by the
aid constable to the Clerk of the Ciruit
Court for the said county, to be
?y hiui paid to the owner of such stock
ipon proper proof ot such ownership;
i;d should the proper owner of such
toek or animal not appearand obtain
ueh surplus within one year l'rorn the
inic the same was turned over to the
aid Clerk of the Court, then the said
"krk shall return and pay over the
ame to the County Treasurer of the
aid county, to be by him disbursed as
;eneral county funds.
Skc. 6. In cases where known ownis
shall, after notification, neglect. for
he period of three days, to adjust the
?gal demands against them provided
ii this Act, according to the plan of
djustment in section 4. all further proved
i tigs shall be taken under section 5
f this Act, as though the owners wore
nknown.
Skc. 7. Any person other than ownv
vvlm sh:ill roninpo. dAsrrov. nrlpflVA
?>wn any portion of any fence in this
ifate, intended to inclose animals ot
ny kind, or who shall leave down any
ai\s or other structure intended for "a
ike purpose, shall be deemed guilty of
misdemeanor: and any .person who
hall wilfully or negligently violate
lie first section of this Act, shall also
e guilty of a misdemeanor, and both
lasses of offenders shall be punishable
y fine not less than five nor more thiry
dollars, or be imprisoned in the
ounty jail not. less than five, nor more
!:an thi t?' days.
Skc. 8 That whenever any animal
h 1! be taken up under the provisions
f this Act, it shall be unlawful for uuv
erson to rescue the same, or deliver
from custody of the person impoundug
it, and whoever shall violate this
rovision shall be guilty of a tmsde"kiwi
nrtv onri ntiiiiv'l.o/l oo
IVUilWI f (tllU l/V ?o VTAUVU
it section 7 of this Act.
Skc. 9. That it shall he a misdemeanr
for any person wilfully to walk,
rive, ride, or to allow Iiis team to
iavel outside of the road 011 the eultiated
lands of another, punishable as
i the next, preceeding section: Proidcd,
That in case any person cfcargd
with this misdemeanor be brought
efore, or reported to, a Trial Justice,
e may discharge himself from any
lrther proceeding:? therein by paying
uch fine, within the above limits, as
lie Trial Justice may impose.
Skc. 10. Thtt in ail criminal proseutions
for violators of the provisions
f this Act., the defendant mav olead
s a matter of defence, the fall satisiction
of all reasonable demands of
ie parties aggrieved by such violation;
nd u|>on said plea being legally estabsh?>d,
and upon payment of all costs
ccrued up to the time of such plea, he
tiall be discharged from further peulty.
Sec. 11. That this Act shall taks efict
on the first day of April, 1882, exept
in the counties of Charleston, Aien,
Beaufort, Lexington, Colleton,
[amptoij, Williamsburg. Orangeburg
nd Chesterfield in which counties this
iCt shall j(o into effect on the first day
f October, 1882: Provided, That the
:oek of any inhabitant of the said
aunties shall be liable to the penalties
f this Act, if toiinii straying whholtt
ie liaiits of* I he said coan tics: P'covidl
further, That the above exceptions
mil not apply to so much of Aiken
; is included in the Township of
hnltz, so much of the Township of.i
ianirnond as lies between the Ilam- j
ir.'jr Iiond and the Savannah lliver i
;d the Township of Silverton.
Skc. 1 -2. That so much of .ill other '
t? as is inconsistent with, this Act is
jreby repeald.
Flute r's Fate.?Advices from San
ntonio say that tiie records of the j
l?r>r?r>l* cnTit't nir.rtial have readied
jadqtiartors in charjrc of Acting1
xlire Advocate Clous, who \va* jnctee
Ivoc-aift of the trial. The records ;
vcr ","j00 pajres of foolscap, and the
idiiiirs an; understood to .sentence ;
jpper to dismissal from the ai mv*. J
a.1:.'?,< - ~Jn_ ls_
AS EJXiEFIELD EXODUS.
I>
Five or Sir Bnsdr-'d Necrc.cs Leave the j
Counly for Arkan>sis.
!!
F:?ni 'li>' AK&tKA Cl;ro i Ic. ()
"U'e stated a low days shire that a ! ^
inovcmt-'Df w;tso:i fi-otauiuJi^' iin* col- [ '
oreil people <>!' county. South ,,
Caroliiit'. looking to the exodus of a j (i
1.in.mlv.i- lit" ti? AcL-;u>^?is
Last Saturday the exodus began. and
since thai- time four or live hundred of ij
the emigrants reached Augusta, on *
their way to what they regard as the ?.
promised land. A large number came j tj
in Sunday on the trains of the Char- (|
lotte Columbia and Augusta Kaiiroad, j
and more came by the same means on i
Monday and yesterday. They seem to tj
i be thoroughly in earnest. They came ; c
| from near Edgefield Court House.; a
j from the Kidge, from Ninety-six, and ;',]
: other points. According to their ' ^
j statements, all the colored people in : a
; entire settlements have left, and some ! v
! large plantations are left without any. ;
j A number of those in Augusta reached ; ;J
here in their own wagons, or on their ^
own mules, expecting to sell these j t
i when they arrived here, but so far the ()
! majority of them have not been able to ' fi
| find :>ale for the property. Some of j j
! them say tliey cannot sell because the \ j,
! white people do not wish them to : j
i l ave, and. will not buy from them. A j t|
Chronicle representative conversed j jj
j with a number of them in regard to | j.
j why they lel't and what they exported 0
to do. They said a colored preacher,
named John Hammond, preached to '0
them and advised them to go to Ark an- 0
sas. They made up a >u:;i of money ()
and sent i:im to Arkansas to invysti- n
irare and report back to them. His re- t?
p r on his return wa- verv lav-rabicv v
: anil a vote was then taken lo ascertain f,
; whether the people wished to go. C:;di j
voter paid a dollar for che privilege of! \
voting. It was decided to go, and a j
subscription was then taken up to pay j j
j ihe expenses of the trip, the programme j
1 bei)\<r that Hammond was '.<> charter a !
I train ill Augusta. i?OTRC Ot* the Stlb- ! 7
! seniors to the genera! fiind iuava flro ?*
j ami sonic ten dollars. Tin v, h.?.e [
! amount subscribed, ilioy staied, was ; t.
! about live thousand delhir?. When j r
j they reached Augusta they t"?i;::d that j tj
| n:? "train hail been chartered and > ; ,j
: provision ma<ie lor their transporfa-: %v
! tijn. A portion of them, about two ! (
hundred, bought their own tickets to' j ,,
Atlanta, and ieifc on Monday for that j ]
city, Those of the party wit'.i whom ! i,
j the Chronicle representative c.>n vers-! !.
: ed said Hammond had gone to Atia:i>s: ?
i to nn.k'j the necessary arr.n.e:i;> v
for their lran*p::r.at'on. Jriijjii.' of then:
expressed do no.? whether lie w.m;!-.! v
; come hack again, hut tlic n.aicr.a ,,
1 > > rvl . > Iirive fuil confidence in i i . !
j They Uechuvd the while people wen-: ;
! in in?f to kern them from a ,,
I train and throwing' all tbc obstae os j v
p><?iblc i:i their ' -v to )>? ??? ' !! :: m
! i.- in louv5:i?r- 0 10 brl; h i 1 j.-, i ,
I oht man, .-ixiy-L?v vears 01 .or, who!
j had been born and raised on the Ui(5?r?,?;
! said they were ieavinr berau-e t!:< v i j
! had no clothes and noLhi?:<r to eat. 1 e ! ,
i had rented turn at:res <>i' land the j.asi ; ^
| year, paying f?r it two hales of cot:-n.; .
! lie had made six bales and the other ;
j lour went to pay tor snppihs il;at !:;.d 1 '
I been advanced to him. leaving iii;;i ;i.,i ;
a cent and >t?11 in dt*i>f. lie believed . ;
they eon Id do better in Arkansas: at ,
any rate they were wiiiinjr to try. ;(
f.mee law. he said, was a veiy hard ; .
tiling on the neifroe*. Ii'thoy iiai ^
env or a niir, now. they would h.ve to ;
t keep it si:lit up. Altogether tin y [>r o |
' a' - 1 *t'.nii.". iil.'.ivlii.i-,. I
ierreii iu iiu:; 11 iv.iui.w ??.n >.. . .
I Several families of the j ,
i were employed by a u'cnt-icman living ! .
! near Atlanta, who cn:ra?j'.Nl them j .
! work on his farm during the next year.
F:om ! Ii N.'u s and Con:1.~r j
Ac.sta, December "23.?The Ed^c- 1 field
exodusters continue to arrive, ; jui :
such oi'litem as have ilie money
their way to Atlanta. To-day a nnmi
ber of them, tired of waiting for Hammond,
who has not yet nppeaml. re- :
turned to Edgefield. They will pr<?- ; '
j bably discourage others from ieavin. 1
home. TI rose that arc here arc (liseo::- ?
tented and speak in harsh terms alour |
Hammond.
! This morning Has Boney. a very in- | '
I teHi'jent mulatto, brother of ex-Pr^bati- j
j Augusta Railroad train. s:s he wis j
i coming: into the citv fur tlie pniposei
! of going to Arkansas. lie i* charged
I with stealing two balas of cotton from :
j a farmer near liidge Spring. lie u<nies
the charge.
JJoney says that the list of icgroos
who iiave agreed to go to Aikansn>
numbers 7.(>00 iritr.es, principally i:Voi:.
Edgefield and Laurens comities. A .
registry fee of $1 was requited IVoii:
each. Three thousand dollars wa>
raised in his settlement alone and turned
over to Hammond. He thinks
Hammond has a very large sum Th?causes
which actuated tlu.Mii in making
the movement, he says, are the poo.
/.w.iic ?!.5w vimr utwl ?lio fnni'O ?r sine!.
law. lie believes that 1 he exodus will |
assume greater proportions. i I
?? |
The Aitkopuiatiox Bill.?The i .'
News and Courier publisher the fol- j '
lowing table, showing the appropria- j
tioiis for the present and lor the last!
fiscal vear: I 18s0-81.
1881-s2 |
Gov. office S 10,671 00 9,750 0c
Lt.-Gov 1,000 00 1,000 00
See. of State's
office 4,09135 4,025 00
Comp.-G en's.
office 5.593 80 5,750 CO
State Treasr's.
office 8,028 00 7,350 0o
Sup. Ed. offire. 4.410 Go 4,W0 (Hi
Adj.-Gen. office 13.816 15 17.800 00
?tate i,iorary.. i.wo zo y-<u ?,-<?
State House".... 2,U04 00 1.933 00
Sapreme Court
Salaries, Reporter,
Librarian,
&c 16,700 00 16.700 CO {
Circuit Judges. 2<s,0<X) 00 28,000 <>0 I
Solicitors 12,500 00 12,500 00 I
Attv.-Gn. office 5,85000 4,850 IH> *
Health Dept.... 6,000 00 7,450 Oi: {
Tax Deptv 22,200 (X) 22.200 (X c
S. C. University 2,500 00 12.500 0!" 11
Penitentiary.. * 28,800 00 20,000 0<> s
Lunatic Asylum 109,164 34 10 i,283 00 JJ
Deaf. Dumb & c|
Blind Asylum 9,50(?00 12,00H Of. fe
Catawba Indians 800 00 800 00 *
Civil Contingent 1,500 00 1,500 00
State Ag. & Mechanical
Socie
: ty 2,500 00 2,500 00!
Railr?>ad Cora'rs
office 3,450 00 3.450 00
Miscellaneous*. 7,600 00 2,659 50
Public Debt Interest
398,350 00 398.947 53
$706,035 00 $703,947 53
It will thus be-seen that on the whole
the appropriations are slightly less
than last year, and that both the deductions
in certain items and the increase
of others are amply justified by
i tli3 circumstances. The above table
I does not include the legislative expenses
which will be provided for by
I the special legislative appropriation I
bill at the end of the sc.- sion.
Roiibeky and Inckxdiauism.?The '
ginhouse of Mr. G. W. Xirkpatrick. of
the Halsellville scction, was destroyed :
; by an incendiary fire last Thursday !
\ night about 9 o'clock. There were
l also destroyed sixteen bales of cotton.
I 2.000 bushels of col ton seed, a three-;
| quarter wagon, four sets wagon bar-!
ness and other articles. The loss will
amount to ?2,000. Xo insurance.
During the burning of the <rinhouse i
jhe family of Mr. Kirkpatrick left tho
residence for thesccneof conflagration,
and during1 their absence the house
was entered unci a trunk containing
$210 taken therefrom. Two hundred
dollars was taken, but ten dollars iii
gold remained in the bottom of the
triink and was recovered. There is no
doubt that the ginhouse was burned
for the purpose of committing/ the
robbery, and that the deed was/done
by the same parties. Four .Colored
men, two living on the place and two
on an adjoining place, wen*'*arrested
on suspicion. A preliminary examination
will be held in a few* days before
Trial u-'Jioe Darby _at Baton ;
llouge.?Chester Bulletin, > i
X
/
/
/ ' .
\
gxpg jjl1. gggypyr t7'^rr:
Tjik State's Claim to:: tiie Cit.v
ML Aca1:E5:Y.?V/t? UlldiTr-taMil tl:ai
utigo Macki-y wiii lo::vc Clie-ior en
ext S;it;in!:iy i'll- Vv:i>!iin^TOi!, ft
i'o.-oeuio riitii;; <>t* tl.o Stare upo!
?c ii'owr.nrjc.jt of T!;e l :isr*?tt r-.-v
>r the rec>\ cry of!!;e <,'itadel Acadciv
at Charleston. and for I'l'zii am
ania-rcs due ihcreon. Tiii-ci.li :: \va?
;>t uc*<i by (Jovernor (.'hambcrlai;
i ]N7'). who claimed rental for thf
usMinirs and li'i'ousais at ti?e ra!e o
lo.it'j;,' per annum. The academy was
tken possession of In* United Stales
oops i:i LS>3. :u:tl was occupied b;.
!cm as barracks f?>r many years
)uring tlif'ir occupancy, ti:c wes:
iiig ot ttie building was destroyed b\
rc through their negligence. and thi.*
mire property, worrii several rhous
.id dollars, and so greatly needed In
le State for educational purposes, i:
[iil in possession of tbe United States
lthough now unoccupied and 1111
warded. .Judge lackey is learned ii
lie law of Ciaim? against governments
nd his success heretofore in obtaining
roiri congress an upprupi tumui u
welve thousand dollars tor the Sifter:
f mercy, as a compensation for tin
lest ruction of their orphan house dur
he bombardn.cnt of (,'hariesSon, and ii
icgotiating with President Hayes foi
he removal of the United S?atc?> tro:?p:
rom our State House, satisfies i:s tha
e is, as to this claim, "the right mm
11 lh?.* right place", fie has aiway
peniy and consisten'ly avowed iii
(filiation with the ilepubiican part1
:i national issues, while acting, liow
ver, with the Democracy since 1*7(1
n the issue of reform in the govern
tent of the Slate, and we have n<
oubt that this fact will have du'
weight in securing for this most menDrlous
claim just consideration frou:
the powers that be" in Washington
Veaie in informed that the claim no\<
mounts to one hundred and lii"fy-liv?
l<iMi<:n:f! ilr?l!:irs.? (.'hrjtfer Reuorter.
The New Chixepe Minister.?Cheiu
sao Ju. the new Chinese Miniver it
lie United 8 rate?, successor to Chi j
.an Fin, arrived in Washington yeinlay.
Mr. I). \V. Barth'tr, Secrea
y 01 ihc former Chinese Leg;:ti mi. nu i
lie party at the depit and had ii
riven to the Arlington Hotel. The
rife of the Minister, who is ti e lir )
'hii)e>e lady of rank who has visiici:
s. is quite attractive in appearance
"lie oni\* covering which she wore on
cr head was a large hunch of gay
ill in ct.it.
?>i\M I'll ll?/i -luttti 111 ci.iii'
re :??<! apparently ahont twouty-iivi
rs of ajic. The Minister ami hi*ife
occupy tiie suit of rooms v.iiidi
.ere use; I i>y the Gland Duke Alexi."liilt:
i;i liiis city. The rooms an
:?xtui-.uisly furnished i;i hluc satin,
i:o iurr.it lire heinir entirely new. Tin
cw Minister is uhoui titty-eight 01
ixty years of ;:?re. of rather porth
niit!. :iiid has ;i very intciihreul connII::
cone's of a ohle ihmih
: ?I mo.-i of his Iiitr !i;;s oeen passed i:
iifilii* service. At pivse::t he oeoiipie:
In- position <>f .Minister to Spain
liuis'er to IV.? and Minister to th<
"nsivti Sjaies. Tsao .In is fie.
in runk of any Chinaman v.*he
a ever visited U?is com;try. beiiur ai
ijiiriissaiior?>f the first decree. Tin
'Itiiif-*- ct-iors were raised on ri:<
il-iL'si;ili ii] lunit>r <>1" the delc^a
JOx-MiiMsier Chin Lan I'in wil
i* ,v - lor China on Wed
. .?Stir York World, lJcCClu
>er 24.
A llI'1 4 i .'.m? .\-o Li::x.?}Jr. Juki
;;:?:;r. Sahida. is hulependeii
>. J i.- luiciv ki!!c*
rs which avcraircil '221
i- ill::. ill,' JiCJiCt
Ti!i! i\'Jiw hlin (!:*(.'<
:-om?,-r.!i.*isi pork in on
:i:?;^;:? ! A:;d ; < ; k,y<iMl rail I'll
; : 'r ?<>ii can raise it.
.-v : ."< i::ri:ier. A:rd ill
.: > JijJlilV* lli
: -1 * I-: :_r iiiv'nt tilii
..... * will neve
)e .. :< : !;t<! he wis
jo > iii- corn ;i!:
' ..? IS til
! ? ?ii::?-r.r.dt'd wit
i;.... . ? when p:;uk
: ! : .! i)' ' HUOWU 11
]- a real!
. ki'owii f<!
..... 'I'J'jly'S. *
. : -isrs*. Creer
; jma: d<
iret* <1
?P <1*
. !! .?ii ill
i!
iv. r-I.MIE.
r. lr-si. *
-:::TFn t<
. mnp r.
; { .* . to set
. \ i;s Till
- AFT EI
i\: .r-*. llAVi
A-H'TLON
& CO.
rV.tioR-1
O
. 1 : ti.r.: <?nr.pi
;; i ?. : vu Scoti
(Ir-.um
' h%u%Xv'
vLE,
C.
PATENTS
re continue to act X9 Solicitors fof Patents. Caveat
lade Marks, Copyrights, etc.. for the United state
anada, Cuba, England, France. Germany, etc. W
ave had thirty-five years' expcriencc.
Paints obtained through us are noticed in the ?C
i&inc Amrricax. This large and splendid Ulu;
ated v:eeklypaper,$3.20ayear, shows the Progre?
f Science, is very i nteresting, and has an enonaoi
Ireulation. Address MUKN" A CO-, Patent Solic
irs. Pub's, of SciKNTinc American, 37 Part as?
[gwYorfc. Handbook about Patents free.
uWltOU^M
Jfeural^i*, Sprain^
Pain in the Back and Side.
I Tiwro Li nothing more oalnful tfcese
diseases; but the pain can be removed and
tlie disease cured by use of Perry Davis*
Pain Killer.
This remedy Is not a cheap Benzine
or Petroleum product that must be kept
away from fire or heat to avoid danger
of explosion, nor Is it an untried experiment
that may do more harm than good.
Pain Killer baa been In constant use
for forty years, and the universal testimony
from all parts of tie world la, It never
fails. It not only effects a permanent cure,
but It relieves pain almost instantaneously.
Being a purely vegetable remedy, it is sal?
In tlie bands of the most Inexperienced.
The record of cures by tbe use of Paw
Killer would fill volumes. Tbe following
extracts from letters received sbow whac
these wbo bave tried It think:
Edgar Cady, Owatonra, Minn., says:
About a year since my wife became subject
to severe euiferinsf from rheumatism. Our
report was to the Pain Killeil, which speedily
relieved her.
Cbarle3 Powell writes from tbe Sailors'
Home, London:
I had been afflicted three years with nenralpla
Slid violent spawns of the stomach. The doctors
at Westminster Hospital irave up iny case in
de?;>air. 1 tried your Pain Killeu, nud it gavo
immediate relief. I hare retrained my
etrenrth. and am now able to fullo?v my usual
occupation.
O.H. Walworth, Saco.Ke., writes:
I exTn-rieacod Immediate rel-cf from pain in
tbe side by thu use of yo^r Pain Killer.
* V.-1.
A. iUlA OC.JO .
I h*vei>ed your Pair Kilt.ee fer rheniaatism,
snd have received RTeat beneit
Barton Seaman says:
Have u?ed Pais Kilt.hp. for thirty yearn,
avd have four.il it a nnrr-j'ailing remedy fcr
rheumatism and lameness.
Mr. Burditt writes:
11 nrrer fai/. to ci v6 relief in rases of -\enrcatinn.
Pill. Gilbert, Somerset, Pa., write 3:
Frrm actual use. i know your Pais Killeb
Is the beet mcdicine I can get
All dru??ist3 kerp Pain Killer. Its price
is so low that It is within the reach of all,
and It will save many times its cost in doctor^
bills. 2oc., sec. and Si.GO a 'oottle.
PERRY DAViS & SON, Proprietors,
PrcvicJencs, R.!.
\
it r. :"i - -T-r- "V- "3=
.
"I
.
1 !
> i
j
nm?ZTL ^
uuuy yyrrccr!
EvfrybMy rrants it, but very few gnt It,
, because most p'X)plf> do not know how to
, 6olect euff-.-e, or it is spoiled in tho roasting
C or making. To obviate these difficulties
; has been our study. Thurber's package
, ColTijes are selected by an expert who understands
the art of bleuding various flavors.
Tney are roasts in the most perfect
manner (it is impossible to roast well in
email quantities), then put in pound pack
? ages (in. the bean, not ground,) b -aring our
. eljnature as a guarantee of genuineness,
and each package contains the Thurbjr
s recipe for making good Coffee. Wo
. pack two kinds, Thurber's " Xo. 34,"
- strong and pungent, Thurb r's "Xo. 41,"
i mild and rich. One or the other will
, suit every taste. They have the three
r great points, good quality, honest quani'
j tity, reasonable price. Ask your Grocer
- ! for Thurber's roasted Coffee in pound pack:
ages, "Xo. 34" or ''No. 41." Do not be put
: off with any other kind?your own palate
: j will tell you what is best
I' i Where persous desire it we also furnish
> i the "Ideal" Coffee-pot, the simplest, best
? and cheapest coffee-pot in existence
1 Grocers who sell our Coffee keep them.
" i Ask for descriptive circular.
i Respectfully, <tc.,
>' I H. K. & F. B. THURBER & CO.,
' | Importers, Wholesale Growers and Coffee
I Roasters, X"w York.
"j P. S.?As the largest driers in food pro;
ducts in the world, we consider it our ix>
5 t T"st to manufacture only pure and wholesome
goods and pack them in a tidy and
' satisfactory manner. All goods bearing
I our name are guaranteed to be of superior
quality, pure arid wholesome, and dealers
" | are authorized to refund the purchase
price in any case where customers have
cause for dissatisfaction. It is therefore
' , to the interest of both dealers and coa>
' mi ?I _ I.
I SUE10T310 use Hiurour a ui uiuu).
.j
' j
:
L |
i fPARKER^sliASR BSLSAfil
The Rest, Ocsncst and i
! most Economical Kair
S Fails to Eestcrg
1ne youthful color to grey
' i &|||jpi:,a'r* 50c and $x sizes a:
j Picrcston Coloone. j
, ; \S^v*>A n*"7 aoj exceetjinsly fn*- 5
r, /w-y pni't and la-tiug pej^uiue. j
0 Frtcc 25 and "Sc. |
' | PAMKEH'S j
1 i
J A Pars Family Kcdicine th2! Kever Jntoxicsto. g
j If you arc a mechanic or farmer, worn out with 9
3 ove-work. or a. mother run down by family or house- a
3 hold duties try Pakkek's Cinge:; Tonic. S
a If yost are a lawyer, minister or business man ex- p
1 | haustcu by mental strain or anxious cares do not ^
1 g taKC intoxicating iuuuuuu, uu u<. * .. _
K Ginger Tonic. - jj
B If you have Dyspepsia. Rheumatism, Kidney or j
E Urinary Complaints, cr if you are troubled with any 5
i 3 disorder of ihe lungs. stomach bowels, blood or nerves. S
5 you can be cured by Pakker's Ginger Tonic. I
j If you are wasting away from age, dissipation or I
j any disease or weakness and require a stimulant take i
5 Gingxr Tonic at once: it will invigorate and build \
a vou up from the first dose but will never intoxicate. 3
r> | It has saved hundreds of lives it may save yours. ?
i HISCOX 4 CO., 163 William St., New York. 50c. *od f
t i oct i'llar tbes at *11 is tnciiiciiut.
i | GREAT SAVING BUYING DOLLAR SIZE. '
.1 "
i
;| v J $?
Tij ?
m CHOICE SUMMhU i;i VI.RAGES
M C .
i? ! i"T7TT^r.v i "t >
' OJLlililll* X wui.J
a CLAIiETTl .> ] >,
h IDA Vc ..V: ILR.
o i LE JIO N A DES and
~ OT.D VJJ GINiA 3;i?-X.JTXIX?JB?
y l'i.i' THE CEI> ^XiED
'j- M O
alv.ay.;sv*
. - ' r
" sj US K-~~ v?'
Ij J. C L sC X. JT J 3" <?.
(, may 3 S-'Xt ioor '< > \v. r. Doty <v Co.
A NE W -KIND I'F WATCH CASE.
New because if Is only wiihla the last fev
years that It lias been Improved and brougb
within the re.tCH of everyone; o'nl in priuclpli
b.'oause the lirs* invention ^ as made and An
flrst patent.tsi^n ont nearly tw?i;ty years ajjn
and cases made at that time and worn eve
) since, are nearly as good as new. Heart the fol
P lowing; wirieli Is only one ol many hundreds
| yaar Jewelers can tell or similar ones:
T.J XANSfiki.n. Pa.. May 2S. 1S7S.
I navecustomer wr;io nas c:irnt:u one o
Bo>s' Patent case* llftren years and I knew 1
i" two year.- b-fo:? ii4; yet It and It now appear
good for ten years longer. K. J?. OLN'EY.
Ke*nember tlril J i.->. Hois' is the only pa ton
case rn-Jde or two plates of solid gold (one out
side and one Inside) covering every pan ex
: .osed to wear or sight, the great advantage c
. a sc plates o\ e.- electrogildlnir is apparent t
n'.v one. Boss'Is the only patent case wl?:
v'-iiolt tl'.cre Is given a written warrant, oi
which the following Is a rac-simlle:
k \ Tw?i#<JDtnrrTi?r???co?wm*j Ox/
XIP ?*? MAKUTACTURCO LfftOCR /
k \ ^KiESltrcvfi&TtsriXKS erWJb/
0 Sec that you get the guarantee with eacl
. o<ise. Ask your Jeweler Xor Illustrated cata
j. ~gue. dov 1
1 FLAV0B1KG EXTRACTS!!
t, .
? : ? :?
An assortment of
flavoring extracts!
ALSO
OF "SEA FOAM," AND OTHER
YEAST POWDERS, AND
IIORSFORD'S ACID PHOSPHATE
Fou Sale at the Dkl? Store of
W. ?. AIKfLV.
Doc 15i
"?
! 5 a THE ?f>
I a "I'
I ~ ifiL. ^ / ?2 SJ
^ /m* if
^ C3 J&T. AJB 2^> Lr-z% t
sag /YIGTDR^SsI
w^ggS
! ?= a.^K, I rigf
^ 1 \'^r! ?2 5 =
=? r'ri^v * ?2?
41^ "^i
1 L?*rtCif I hp ^25>r '
2 **%J WkWU I tm\J !^OvM|
? itr \
l 4h-m 4/ j ij 4k + *m vul'ts bvil |
; j The Iiandjcmcsi an J most ocnr:!cl c .
| large m masilirie |
Yet produced |
i illustrated cihci:la2s sest j
c:-; application.
j \i f ? "t?0 f'o i
iHiddlotoTTn, Conn.
Southern fcc. H H. Cha-Jcs St., Saltimorc. ISW.j
' '
j JUST
RECEIVED, I
i
FRESH EUCKWJ3EAT.
FRESH OA'MjOAL.
EVAPORATED APPLES,
POTl'ED II AM,
POTTED TURKEY,
POTTED TONGUE,
POTTED CHICKEN.
CORNED BEEF
*<m*r
and
WORCESTERSHIRE SAUCE.
M"ATAT?0\T and CHEESE.
""" " " .
ASSOHTED PICKLES
and
chow-chow;
And .a full supply of
STAPLE GROCERIES, |
we nre offering very low
for the CASH.
' ' _"S'
; j. F. 3IclTASTEB & co.
! ..
; Xov 24
SALE
i
: AMD I hiJJ blAiiLJaS.
.
i i
" *"... *? ? >>*:?*. via
' ;>
WiNXSBono. S. C.. Dec. 14,1SS1.
__
I SSa/.x:
j './>!?
I ' Everybody bring- in your old,
Token down stock an J exchange
rhem for young ones, as the underlined
has jn.st arrived with Thirty
;it Virginia horses and mules,
among them some good saddle and
:};rness horse?, which he will sell
'"HEAP for CASH, or on time, bv
ijaking him a good bankable note.
to will also pay the highest CASH
I'i ilCE for old fat PLUG mules and
iorses.
-
A. W&?cJL??TO?S?*.
Dec 15
' . ' ;;.'5
OUE STOCK '!
IS NOW COMPLETE IN EACH
-ANDi'VFpy
T} A irnriTT \ T>
Lj V HiJLi A i -iil i il l Jjiiilii
;
rvr.TTrrvc n"p ttq tot> vvf.PV
j ' vyjL v \s~%. ? *J^-. -.
' .'.KTI iLE YOU DESIRE TO
rUKCHASE, and SATISFACTION
\VE yiZiL GUAIiANTEE AL- . In
addition to our usual stock of
Dry Goods, Notions, Clothing-, Hats
'"i " '2
ad Shoes, we offer special induce'::ei.'ts
in
GROCERIES Axn PBO VISIONS.' :.j
?-<
?ALSO? "
*
3aggiand Ties at Lowest prices.
ULYSS-E G. I ESPORTES.
. o^t lb
'
1881 1882 - 'I
i* - : ;
TOP ?F TH E I2EAP.
,
; Wholesale Depot I
CHICKERING PIANOS,
MASON & I1 AM LIN ORGANS.
t ' *
? BRANCH OF
:uddsss & Bates*
' PRICES AND TERMS EXACTLY '?
; SAME.
i Or:1.or from 1'cSlIITH, atChftrl?tie, rls. 0.,
and save Time, Money anil Freiguc.
In (25 Pianos anu 50 Organs) Stock.
; -<i
CHJCKERING, i
MATHl'SUEK,
ORION,
SOUTHERN GEM PIANOS.
MASON & HAMLIN,
SHONIGER,
PELOUBET & CO. ORGANS.
Send for one of my Pianos or Organ#,.
ind test it iu your own house is all I ask. ?
if yon contemplate buying, write to me,
v-r>n will cmvp inon^v Ar.rJ T will
Give you and thrown in everything <ux
j honest nan can ask. Send for prices, etc.
Address,
F. McSMIIH. itDec
20
FERTILIZERS. 7
o
JN. KOBSON & SON. Com Miswc*
Mer -bants and Dealers in-FertiXiz[
ers, 68 East Bay.
C'sahls.sto.'J, -November 9. 1881.
At the commencement of another bnai
ness year we acfcrowledge withojej^nre ^
>' the patronage and confidence 6i our
ing triads. 1
KOBSON^ COTTON AND CORN FERTILIZER,
ROBSON'S COMPOUND ACID PEO.SI'HATB.
** 9
I have given very gratifying satisfaction.
Onr Cofton and Corn Fertilizer is of tho
highest standard. It contains among other
~ valuable ingredients 3 ppr cent, of Ammonia,
1? per cent, of Potash, JG per cent.
| of available Phosphate. Having been
, among the first to introduce Guano inthia
I State, we can confidently refer to onr
i. planting friends that during the series of
\ years wt ha\e sold them Manures wehar?
always given a pare article. Every Manure
is tested. We offer the above iertilizersfor
cash, time or cotton. J
Planters ojdering immediately will be A
allowed to the 1st of April to decide which
j tliey prefer, cash or tiuae. An order for a i
| carload of ton tons will be sent free r.f
; drayage, for a less amount SI per ton will J*
: be cLar^cl. Jsov. JO fxSc:
I
iGSMtM?
: l%tt[s Running; j
i ?3 <%t Ml** &.
Ij^lfssfepsBsi, b
| ^^Ijg^yilftj'iK ^Jj
ki
VAifl^e|? MACH?Nfc.GQ. \W*>?p& ^1
T?a.^a *6+K CHARlES.ST. "??*?
immbm CttTlurgc un |
1> \V TMIIF.f.MN A> ?? "P"?t..^
^ H

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