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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, March 22, 1882, Image 1

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1 WEEKLY EDITIO N. WPfffSBORO, S. C., WEDNESDAY, MARCH 22, 1882, ESTABLISHED IN 1844. |j|
^ "tYhen it Rains.
When it mas, and with the rain
Never bird has heart to sing,
nd acroes the window pane
Is no sunlight glimmering;
> When a pitiless refrain
| Brings a tremor to the lips,
? Onr tears are like the rain
As it drips, dtips, drips?
like the sad unceasing rain as it drips.
Tm iV.
L ?nen ine agio, vi ucntcu a uiuo
Is blurred and blotted quite,
And the dreamy day to you
la but a long twilight;
f "When it seems that ne'er again
Shall the sun break its eclipse,
Our tears are like the rain
As it drips, drips, drips? Like
the endless, friendless rain as it drips.
"Wh^n it rains : weary heart,
Oh, be of better cheer!
The leaden clouds will part
And the morrow will be clear.
Take up your load again,
i With a prayer upon your lips,
5 Thanking heaven for the rain,
As it drips, drips, drips?
Wilt ttte golden Dow or promise as it drips.
?James W. Riley.
LOSING HER SITUATION.
"Now, girls, this won't do!" said
Madame Molini, pouncing in npon the
six pale sewing-girls, like a wolf into a
flock of lambs. "No, it will never do
t in the world! I don't pay you all ex
orbitant wages to sit and fold youi
bands like fine ladies. Miss Sedgewick,
we are waiting for that lavender
r silk polonaise. Lucy Lisle, why do
tou not go on with those button-holes ?
afire Foxe, you will be so good as to
change your seat from the window to
the middle of the room at once!"
"But, Madame, I can't see there to
lav on these fine bias folds!" ?leaded
Jf Miss Foxe.
"Yon mean you can't see the carta
sad carriages in the street, and the
type-setters at the windows opposite !"
retorted Madame Molini, whose trne
nomenclature was 4'Mollens," and who
had been a milliner's apprentice in the
goodly city of Cork, before she set np
on Sixth avenne as a French Modiste.
Lucy Lisle caughtup her work.
r ? "I stopped just a minnte, madame,
trith that bad pain in my side," she said,
beginning to stitch away with eager
taste.
"If you're sick," said Madame.severely,
"you had better go home and send
lor the doctor. While you are here
jour time is mine, bought and paid
lor!"
^ While Miss Sedgewick, in self-deiense,
urged that she had not enough
silk gimp to*rim the polonaise and was
-waiting for more.
"Not enough," shrilly repeated madame?"not
enough ! I measured that
trimming myself, and I know that there
is enough. Yuu may jast rip it off
p again, and sew it on higher np, and more
economically; and I shall deduct this
morning's lost time from your -wages !
"What's that, Flora Fay?the mode-colored
siik dress ? Finished ? And where
are the two and a half yards which were
? left?'
"I folded them up with the dress,
madame," said Flora Fay, an innocent,
bine-eyed yonng girl, recently from the
country, who stood, in an unconsciously
graceful attitude, before the fat and
florid dressmaker..
"Then you were a goose for your
pains," shortly retorted Madame Molinij
as she .unfastened the.parcel, ab0^
ssracted the piece of glistening,'uncut
silk, and whisked it away upon a shelf.
"Two yards and a hjJf isn't much, but
it is better than nothing."
Flora Fay opened the innocent blue
eyes wide.
hh. ??Wtiaf is cha trninar fn An xcitn it.?"
a*, r>^?e> ? ?
she asked Miss Foxe, in a -whisper, as
madame rustled off to scold the errandboy
for pntting too much' coal on the
grate-fire.
"Don't yon know, little silly 7* whisJ
pered Miss Foxe, laughing. "It's -what
she cabbages!"
"Cabbages?" repeated Flora,, in
amazement. "I don't nnderstand yon."
"Yon will, when jou see the mode
silk made np into a sleeveless basque
for madame," said the other, "trimmed
? with the gimp that was left from Mrs.
Aubrey's dinner-dress, and the pearl
fringe from Mrs. Ossetfs white "damasse
ball costume."
"But you don't mean," said breathless
Flora, "that madame takes the silk that
is left from the customers' dresses ?'
"Goosie!" cried Miss Fox, "don't talk
nonsense any longer. It's what every
fashionable dressmaker does, and?"
"There's the receotion-room bell."
shrilly called madame. "Miss Fay,
answer it at once!"
Harry Drake was standing in the
pretty room, all glistening with satin
drapery, gilded moldings and hnge
mirrors, when Flora came in?Harry
\ Drake, the young bea-captarn^who lived
at the same quiet, inexpensive house
where Flora was allowed a hall bed-room
at a reasonable rate, on account of Mrs.
Dodds having once boarded a summer
at the old Fay farmhouse up among the
Berkshire hills, and still retaining a
kind recollection of Mrs. Fay's kindness
during an illness which overtook her
tharfl.
"Oh, Miss Fay, is it you?" said Harry.
"Do you work here ? Upon my word,
you seem to be in very comfortable
quarters."
^ "Bat I don't stay here all the while,"
* said Flora, noting how his glance wandered
from g:lding to fresco, Axminster
carpet to bronzed chandelier. "I sew
in & little dark room, where there is a
stifling smell of coal gas, and no carpet
' on the floor."
"I've come for a dress," said Captain
? Drake, plunging headlong into his subject,
after the fashion of men in general
?"my sister's dress. She is to be married
next week, and some of her friends
coaxed her to have her dress made here.
Miss Fortescue?she's only my half-sis
ter, you snow, in answer to jjiora s
look of questioning surprise; "but she's
very nice, and is going to marry well, I
hope."
"It*8 the mode-colored dress," said
- Flora, with brightening eyes. "I helped
to trim it mvself. Xes, it's all
ready."
And presently madame came smiling
in, with the bill, and the dress folded
neatly in a white pasteboard bos, and
K Captair Drake departed with a dim
/ idea that Madame Molini perfectly comprehended
the art of high charges.
Mips Fortescue herself came the
next day. She was a young lady not
Ht' lacking in quiet resolution. She knew
Wf her rights, and was prepared to defend
"Where is the material I sent ?" said
she to Miss Fox, who was in attendance
in the reception room. "It is not all
t made up into the dress. I had purchased
enough for a new waist and sleeves
and it is not here.
''Yon must be mistaken," said Miss
Fox, with an aspect of polite impj^sibility.
"The bias puffs and folds cut
up the material shockingly, and?"
But at this moment, little Flora Fay,
who was packing some tuile capes and
fichus into a band-box, at the back of
the room, rose and came forward, wiih
deepening color.
' There are two yards and a half of!
the mode-colored silk, Miss Fox," she ;
interrupted??'don't you remember?? i
on the shelf in the back room."
MlftB "FVyt ot>/3 K?f
Madame Molini, with ominously-dark_
ened face, twitched the two yards and
a half of silk off the shelf, folded it into
a paper, and handed it to Miss Forigiyg!^
:
tescue, muttering something about " a
mistake made by one of her young women;"
and the young lady departed, a
little dubious as to whether or not the
fashionable dressmaker had intended to
cheat her.
- She had hardly closed the door behind
her, however, when Madame Molini
turned upon poor Flora Fay, with a
scarlet spot glowing in each cheek and
lips closely compressed.
"Young woman," said she, "you are
discharged!"
"Discharged!" echoed Flora. "For
what ?"
I "I want no one in mv service." 'said
madame, "who is too conscientious
to fulfill my wishes. You have intermeddled
unwarrantably in the matte::
of that silk, and I repeat that you aro
no longer in my employment?"
So poor little Flora went crying
home, with a vague comprehensior.
that she had been discharged, because
she had spoken out the truth.
It was nearly a fortnight afterwarc.
that Captain Drake noticed the absence,
of Miss Fay from the table at the
boarding-house.
"Is yonr little blue-eyed lodger ill.
Mrs. I)odds ?" he asked. "I don't
think I have seen her of late."
cVia'o ill " cai/1 TartdTailT
"That is to say, not exactly sick. Bat
she will be if she don't look out. She's
boarding herself, Captain Drake, on
bread and crackers, and such like, pool
dear 1 and wasting away like a little
shadow, because she lost her situation
at that dressmaking place, and don't
see her way clear to another. And she
won't run in debt, she says, not even
for a meal of victuals. Ah!;' the good
woman added. "I can remember when
she was the pet and darling of the old
folks at home, before they lost their all.
running about among ttoe daisies and
buttercups like a sunbeam."
"But how did she come to lose her
place ?" asked Captain Brake.
And Mrs. Dodds, who liked to hear
the sound of her own voice, told the
whole story.
"It's a shame!" cried the captain.
"Jast what I say myself," nodded
the landlady.
And the next day, Miss Fortescne
(who was Mrs. Arkwright now) came to
see Flora Fay.
"It was ail my fault," said she, with
affectionate vehemence, "that yon lost
yonr situation?and oh, if yon would
only come and stay with, me, and help
me with the sewing for my new house,
I shon!d esteem it snch a favor! "Would
yon please?"
"Are you quite sure that I can make
myself useful?" said Flora, a little hesitatingly.
"les, quite" said Mrs. irk wright.
And, in the sunny atmosphere of the
bride's pretty home, the young country
girl seemed to expand into a different
creature. Captain Drake, the most
devoted brother in the world, came
there nearly every day; and little Flora
all unconscious of her own feelings, began
to watch for his daily visits as a
heliotrope-blossom watches the sun.
Until, at last, th^re wa3 talk of
another long voyage to Japan, and
then Flora grew pale and nervous again
"I?I have been here long enough,"
she said. " If I go to the Exchange
Bureau, they will perhaps tell me of a
new situation. And I need change."
15^r r'rt-rvfrti'n TWoIta trra-nf efrjn<yV?f. frk
jl;uu hvmv i*v
the root of the matter.
"Flora," said he, " are you unwilling
that I should sail to Jeddo? "
"I always had a horror of the sea,"whis- I
pered Flora, hanging down her pretty
head. "But of course, Captain "Drake,
you must do as you please."
"Yes, of course," he answered,absently;
and, when he was gone, Flora shed
a few quiet tears over the table-linen
she was hemming for Mrs. Arkwright.
"How bold and unmaidenly it is of
me," she thought, " to let myself care
for a man who does not think twice of
me ! If he had cared one iota for me,
would he not have said so then ?"
But the next evening, at dusk, Captain
Drake sauntered in with that swinging
gait of his, as if he was treading the
deck of an outward bound vessel.
"Don't run away Flora," said he, as
the girl caught np her work, and pre- j
pared for a precipitate retreat.
"Did?did you want to si>eak to me?" j
sliejaltered, with downcast eyes.
"Don't I always want to speax to you? |
Sit down, Flora," said he, ".and hear :
what I've been planning"
"Now it* is coming," thought Flora, \
with a sick feeling at her heart. "He is
going to be married, and he is coming
to tell me so.''
"I have decided to give up the seafaring
business," said Captain Drake.
"Have you?" fluttered Flora, faintly.
"I am so glad !"
"And I've bought a farm in Connecticut,"
he went on?"the old Berkshire
farm, Flora, where you were born and
brought up. I'm going to be a farmer
!"
She looked up at him, the rose and
lily following each other across her
cheeks.
"Oh!" she cried involuntarily, "if I
could only see the dear old place once
more!'
"But I won't go there to live," said
the captain^deierminedly, "unless you'll
go there with me, Flora, as the farmer's
wife! What do you think of it, little
girl ? Shall it be a partnership ? "
And when Mrs. Arkwright came in,
the papers were all sealed, signed and
delivered ; the "partnership" was aforegone
conclusion!
"I don't know how I shall succeed as
a farmer," said Captain Drake, to his
sister ; "but if little Flora here is only
with me, there's nothing in all the
world that I haven't courage to undertake."
And when Mrs. Arkwright took
Flora's hand in hers, the girl whispered:
"I think I am the happiest creature
in all the wide world to-night. Because,
dear Mrs. Arkwright, he loves
me!"
?\.5
liOO&llln IUU ji.aiL5?
A government spotter is going
through the country looking after delinquent
postmasters and mail carriers.
A man was seen unlocking the mail
bags at the Rome, N. Y., depot, and overhauling
their contents. Postmaster
Williams was informed, and presented
himself on the scene. He came while
the man was thus occupied. He inquired
of the stranger by what authority
he was unlocking the mail bags and
looking at the contents, whereupon the
stranger told him h9 was a government
detective in the mail service and was
looking to see what kind of mail matter
was allowed to remain lying around
the depot without any one to look after
it. It seems that after the mails were
thrown off they were not removed immediately,
and the government employe
took advantage of the delay.
He told the postmaster that the mails
had lain there 20 minutes, and he had
been looking them over for 15.
A number of years ago a Baptist
clergyman, named Clevinger, was one
of the most popular men in two States.
His house was built in such a mannei
that a large hall which ran through it
was exactly on the State line between
-i/iVf or>/3 TonriACSOA jirifl xrhpnpvpr
j v. .. ? v _ j
a runaway couple came to him to bs
married the obliging parson, on the!
first intimation of an approaching pursuit,
would usher them across the hall
into the State from which they had not
come, and from which they could not
be legally dragged by a relentless
I parent-,
HUMAN OSTRICHES.
WIio Folks Feed on Pins, Needles and Jackknives,
and Swall t>wer? of Coins and Pad
locks.
There died net very long ago, at
Prestwich Asylum, in England, a madman
in whose bedv were found 1,841
objects, to wit, 20 buckles, 14 pieces of
glass, 10 pebbles. 3 knotted string?, a
piece of leather, a fish-book, a pin, 9
copper buttons, *;nd 1,782 nails and
tacks. His mad:aess was of a common
sort, after all. At the autopsy of a con
vict in the Brest galleys fifty-two objects
were found in the stomach, including
several knives and pieces of iron
hoop four inches long. In March, 1809,
a sailor named John Cummings died in
Gny's Hospital, London, whose experiences
completely eclipsed the performances
of the boy described by Messrs.
Sawyer and Allen in "Pickwick" as addicted
to wooden beads. In 1799 he
had seen a French juggler "swallowing"
knive3 by tie dozen, and in his
credulity believing that the juggler actually
conveyed them into his stomach,
he undertook to rival him and swallowed
four clasp knives. Lackily., these
did not kill him, and he was satis fied to
rest on his laurels until March, 1805,
when at Boston he was one day tempted,
+/*? Knoef nf on/^ rnr^of
rr jaxic bv i^v?.ov *^v?w
his performance. In the course of the
evening he swallovred six kniveus, and
when the next morning crowds o:E visitors
came to see him he was induced to
swallow eight more. He paid dearly
for his frolic; for he was seized with
constant vomiting and pain in the
stomach, and though by heroic measures j
he was relieved of the knives, that organ |
was irretrievably mined. But all his j
suffering did not (suffice to cure him of j
his folly, for at Spithead in December,
1S05, being somewhat tipsy, he resumed
his boastfulnese of being able to swallow
knives, and to amuse the ship's
company swallowed nine clasp-knives,
some of them of a Large size. Again he
har>ama ill on/1 n?ao in fliA lianas rvf fliA
ship's surgeon for several months, during
^hich portions; of knives were discharged.
At length he was admitted as
a patient at Guy's Hospital, and in
March, 1809, he died in a state of extreme
emaciation.
A milder form of this disease is the
fondness for pins and needles. Dr.
Stephenson, of Detroit, reported ii 1877
the case of a woman of seventy-five,
wlaom be had relieved of a pin swallowed
forty-two years before while picking
her teeth. Siloy has recorded the
case of a woman who made pins
and needles her daily diek and
from whose body 1,500 oi these
articles were taken after her death.
Another case, almost as striking', said
the London Lancit, abont a year acjo,
1 1 1.1 TV- /I OT< \
nas oeen xecoraea oj xji. vjrmetie i,?oi-?)
that of a girl in whom, from time to
time, needles were found beneath the
skin, which they perforated, and were
removed by the fingers or forceps.
Concerning the way in which they got
into the system no information could be
extracted from her. She was carefully
watched by Dr. Lepaulmier, and in the
conrse of eighteen months no less than
three hnndred and twenty needles were
extracted, all being about the same
size. The largest number which escaped
in a single day was sixty-one. A curious
phenomenon preceded the escape
of each needle. Tor some hours the
paiu was severe, and there was considerable
fever. She then felt a sharp
pain, like lightning in the tissues, and
on looking at the place at which this
pain had been felt the head of the needle
was crenerailv found Droiected. The
needle invariably came out head foremost.
No bleeding was occasioned,
and not the least trace of inflammation
followed. That little weight is to be
attached to the place at which the
needles escape as proof of their mode of
introduction is evident from a case recorded
by Villars of a girl who swallowed
a large number of pins and needles,
and two years afterwards, during
a period of nine months, 200 passed out
of the hand, arm, axilla, side of thora::,
abdomen and thigh, all on the left side.
The pins,curiously,escaped more readily
ana witn less pain tnan tne neeaies..
Many years ago a case was recorded by
Dr. Otto, of Copenhagen, ia which 495
needles passed through the skin of a
hysterical girl, who had probably swallowed
them during a hysterical paroxysm;
but these all emerged in regions
below the level of the diaphragm and
were collected in groups, which gave
rise to inflammatory swellings of some
size. One of these contained 100 needles.
In 1S78, Dr. Bigger described
before the Society of Surgery of Dublin
a case in which more than 300 needles
were removed from the body of a woman
who died in consequence of their presence.
It is very remarkable in how fsT
cases the needles were the cause oI :
death, and how slight an mterferen^o
with function their presence and movement
canse. M. Henri de Parville, the
well known French writer on science,
has described many cases of this sort,
not a few of them of sane persons. M.
Berenger-Feraud took a needle from
the arm of a woman of twenty-four, who
did not recollect swallowing it, and had
for weeks been unable to understand
why she felt a pricking sensation whenever
sha rested her arm on the table.
Another case is that of girl of sixteen
who was dying from gastritis, it -was
thought, till examination revealed, the
presenco of a needle, swallowed by accident,
she knew not when.
What became of the rash youih oE
Bologna who, to show how a j aggie::
swallowed a sword, introduced a silve:: >
fork into his throat and let it slip down,
we do not know. He probably "^eni
to meet" the swallowers of false teeth.
Brunei, the great engineer, had a nar
row escape onc3 npon a time, when
amusing some children by causing a
half sovereign to vanish from his mouth '
and reappear in his ear, the coin sud- ,
dedy slipping down into his gullet. He
tried to" congh it up without effect.
There it stuck. Every surgical device
was tried to get hold of it without a vail
Ic became evident that if the coin could
not be dislodged, fatal results wonld
ensue. In the dire dilemma into which
he had needlessly brought himself,
Brunei devised a wooden structure to
which he could be strapped head downward,
in the hope that the half sovereign
would fall out of his throat by the
force of gravity. He was fixed to the
machine head downmost keeping his
mouth open. To his inexpressible relief,
the coin dropped from its lurkingplace
and rolled to the floor. A German
juggler who had introduced a variation
of the sword-swallowing feat by
swallowing a bayonet and balancing
theron the musket to which it was attached,
came to grief under even more
alarming circumstances, ts the weapon
hrnkfl sVinrfc off and the steel slinoed
down into his gullet. He acted on the
same principle as Brunei and promptly
inverted himself, and with the aid of
two friends stood feet npwards till, by
force of gravity, the bayonet dropped to
where it could be reached from the
month and drawn out. In March, 1837,
the surgeons at the Edinburgh Infirmary
relieved a woman of a brass padlock, an
inch and two-thirds long and an inch
in width, which she had swallowed.
Four years ago they were less fortunate
in the case of a boy who had swallowed
a piece of brass chain, and in 1S80 a
child in Devonshire was vainly treated
who had allowed a small tin whistle to
slip from the month into the trachea..
Since the introduction of the balloon
whistles there have been several fatal!
accidents from?by inhaling instead. 01: i
expelling the breath to fill the balloon
?swallowing the whistle and indiarubber
ssc& attached to it, about the
ugliest thing imaginable to deal with,
since the toy sticks in the windpipe,
and every attempt to breathe tends to
inflate the balloon, and so the sufferer
is choked as promptly and inexorably
as if he were in the grasp of a garotte.
The moral of all which is that people
should be carefnl about putting solid
substances in their mouths.?New York
World.
WORDS OF WISDOM.
Inclination and interest determine
the will.
Be deaf to the quarrelsome, and dumb
to the inquisitive.
Happily for little man the giants have
seldom any great wit.
One day is worth three to him who
does everything in order.
Frugality is founded on the principle
that ail riches have limits.
No ashes are ligh'ier than incense,and
few things burn out sooner.
Sow good services; sweet remembrances
will grow from them.
Unbecoming forwardness oftener proceeds
from ignorance than impudence.
To correct an evil which already exists
is not so wise as to foresee and prevent
it.
Evil would not be half so dangerous
if it did not often wear ihe semblance
of virtue.
The generality of men have, like
plants, latent qualities, which chance
Kwnrfo fliorlif.
A couplet of verse, a period of prose, :
may cling to the rock of ages as a shell
that survives a deluge.
In general there is no one "with whom
life drags so disagreeably as with him
who tries to make it shorter.
White men should exhibit the same
insensibility to moral torture!; that red
men do to physical torments.
In this commonplace world, every
one is said to be romantic who either
admires a fine thing or does one.
He who once did you a kindness will
be more ready to do you another than he
whom you yourself have obliged.
The first step toward making a mau
of your son is to tram him to earr. what
he spends; the next best step is to teach
him to save his earnings.
He who bears failures with patience '
is as much of a philosopher as he who ,
succeeds; for to put up with the world 1
neeas as mucn wisaom as 10 coniroi ic. (
The law of the harvest is to reap more ,
than yon sow. Sow an act and yov reap j
a habit; sow a habit and yon reap a
character; sow a charactei and yon reap
a destiny. j
He who makes a baseless insinnation '
against a neighbor's integrity or honor I
is gnilty of an injustice which is atro- i
cious and monstrous in comparison with
the petty depredation of the despicable i
thief who breaks into his granary and I
surreptitiously carries away his corn. <
? i
Hangman's Rope as a Talisman.
The popular pocket piece just now in ;
this city is a piece of hangman's rope. |
If all the hangman's rope were taken ;
from the pockets of superstitiocs St. s
Louisians, they would form a rope of j
considerable length. The five hang- j
ings recently taking place in this city ?
have brought out again the superstition j
that hangman s rope is a sure cure for j
rh eumatism, consumption, h eart disease, ?
apoplexy and everything else. The
rope is a sure cnre for all the ilLi that
flesh is heir to, if properly applied and
adjusted ; bnt that is not the way that
a great many St. Louis men and women
look at it.
In the police stations nearly avery
prisoner who is searched, carries a bit
of rope, and a great number of private
citizens treasure np the ghastly hempen
mementoes. Every tramp carries one,
and in the alleys frequented by the
colored populace, there are yards of
rope with which Ellis and Ward were r
executed, me supply is not y?c ex- i
hausted, and half an inch of the esecu- t
tion rope Bells for the phenomenally e
low sum of five cents. ~A gentleman,
vrith whom a reporter had a conversa- t
tion, stated that a very nice lady had
asked him for a piece of the rope. She
was handsomely dressed, and pi'etty,
too. With recklessness he promised to
procure her a piece, not thinking she
was in earnest. He met her again. She
asked for a piece of rope. He straightway
proceeded around among his
friends, but could not get any genuine.
He had to have a piece for that lady,
however, and the brilliant idea struck \
him that he could give her any piece of ]
twisted hemp. She would never know t
the difference. Ee gave her a piece of .
frayed and broken clothes-line, saying
that it was a strand of the rope, and ]
she put it in her purse and went away j
ha-DDv. Several oarties have been sell- ;
IT JT / * B X
ing the rope about town and taking in i
the gnllible people.?St. Louis Repub- (
lican, ^
Topping Corn.
One of our best young men called on
an up!own belle the other evening and
after the usual round of small talk and
resthetic conversation had become a
trifle wearisome, the subject turned
on popping corn. " If Jane hadn't let
the kitchen fire out, -we'd go down and
pop some corn."
"Oh, the kitchen fire is no matter,"
said the gallant. " I presume the fur nace
fire would be a great deal better.'
The sly dog.
No sooner said than done. Down
into the cellar basement with corn and
popper went the sentimental pair. And
really there was a beautiful picture.
Seated on a wash bench in froit of the
trt?T*orkA Ar\r\y fV?Ck rrl rmrrn cr 1 ?nrTif tVicx
laxuavo uuu* , vuu v?, umu
coals reflecting in tbeir faces, ?nd the
corn piping and popping its merry accompaniment
to th-3 seance which in
the remoteness of the cellar from the
old folks' bedroom was all the more interesting.
After one or two poppers
fnll had been popped, his arm stole
around her waist, her head dropped on 1
his shoulder, the popper hung listlessly
in the fire, till at last a shout from ;
above, "It you don't be careful you'll j
burn that popper full!" wakened them '
from their dream of bliss. But then, '
there wasn't more than three cents
worth of corn spoiled.?New Uciven '
Register.
Sacrificed His fetunips.
Felipe Honali lost parts of both arms
in a railroad accident in New Mexico,
and while recovering in a hospital had
plenty of time to consider the problem
of how to get a living in the future.
The railroad company gave him $2,000,
and the alternatives that seemed to pre
sent themselves were those of living
well on that amormt while it lasted and
living miserably on the interest. Bnt
he hit npon a singular plan for remunerative
employment. He had seen armless
men in side shows, and he resolved
to sacrifice his own useless stumps, thus
qualifying himself for a human curiosity.
It was a long time before he could in- !
duce any surgeon to make the fresh amputation,
but he has at length found one
who took his view of the utility of the
operation. Ee will soon present the ;
appearance of having been born armless. '
ine itoman leasts uunng i^ecemoer I <
were tbe Faunalia, sacred to Faunns,
and the Saturnalia to Saturn. The lat- <
t?r was a thanksgiving for the hai-vest i
and lasted seven days, during which
time slaves had their liberty/presents i
were exchanged, schools closed and, [he i
senate did not meet, :
TATTOOING.
SInsnlar 3Ietliod? $t Barbarous Ornamentation
of the Skin.
Tattooing is mnch more commonly
practiced in the world than is generally
supposed. The snbject has been specially
investigated by M. Magatot, who
has endeavored to determine the geographical
distribution of the different
forms of tattooing. The following is a
resume of the principal results of this
study: \
Tr> ik mn-iT oimnlA fnrma fattnoinc
exists everywhere. It is not rare, we
know, even in Western nations, to meet
with men and women who have drawings
on various parts of the body. The
most ordinary process is to burn powder
on small incisions penetrating the
epidermia. As to the object of it, this
is in some obscurity. Men regard it as
an ornament, and as a proof of virility
and mark of distinction. Taking a
general view of all peoples, it often
presents itself with the character and
signification of other mutilations. M.
Letournean records the case of a Ha- '
waiian who tattooed himself in token of
grief and respect ofi^the death of the
king. But more thia any other mntilatic:
, it serves a^/,aa ornamentation
anion*- naked people:,, and as a title of |1
nobility and dignity among the '
uncivilized. '"T
Man seems to have commenced with i
adorning the body by painting in vari- 1
ous colors, as so many savages do at <
present. And it is, perhaps, by the '
simple application :of different colors '
to the skin, that he determined his tribe >
and his rank. The tribes of the Ama- 1
zon are still distinguished by the col- <
ored marks they make on the lips and 1
the tody. The idea has aiisen among '
many people to make marks for intro- ?
dnction of the coloring matters (gener- <
ally obtained from the juices of plants,) 1
and so render these marks indelible. <
Tattooing by pricking ie the most i
One if. in n.11 1
VTlVAdJ VA^/UUV4WM V-V ?. ,
parts of the world, from New Zealand j
to the Tongouses. It is largely prac- i
ticed in its most perfect form in Poly- <
nesia and Malaisia. Bnt m Polynesia, '
particularly, they do not fo:r the most \
part, confine themselves to simple i
pricking. J
Applying to the skin a design, cut in <
a leaf or piece of bark, they follow the <
lines of it with a special L:ife of bone, t
making incisions in the skin, and 3
stanching the blood as they proceed. <
They do not always content themselves, I
after incision, with introducing the 1
coloring matters, but often add corro- <
3ive plants for the purpose of producing <
pimples in the wound. This is espe- 1
jially practiced in the Viti and Mar- i
juise Islands, and in New Zealand. It *
* ? - -! 1 iL.t IT ! c
is well Known, in particular, mat auauri c
warriors thus carry on their faces a t
tattooing quite in relief, the operation *
3f which is extremely painful. The i
designs, often very well executed, are }
jomplicated to indicate the rank, the i
family and the exploits. Among the t
Australians, some new designs are fi
idded at each solemn period of life. i
The Tchoukehis of Eastern Siberia ^
[who are completely clad) limit them- c
selves to making deep incisions to de- i
aote their prowess in fishing, in the f
;hase, or in war. But even in this de- '
jree of simplicity, tattooing seems to *
lave become a rite among certain peo- t
pie. It is frequently old women that c
ire charged to praotice it. But in a
nany cases, lis among the Alfourvins, J
t is Ihe priest or the chief that presides c
it the ceremony. a
All who have seei; men completely i
attooed, fcaow that.1 tattooing seems to a
ake the place, to some extent, of
nTT/a f.ViCk im? I
/IVIiUCOt J.U UUUUi9 VV VMU
Dression of nudity. It is, moreover c
lighly ornamental, and one can nnder- c
itand how tha Polynesians, who become a
ikiJlful in covering themselves with *
pracefnl arabesque, circles and lines s
egalarly combined, have a passion for a
he art. This passion, it appears* often z
josus dear. la his recent voyage in t
Micronesia (1876), Miklucko-Maclay re- c
narked that the inhabitants of the Pe- t
an Archipelago were less tattooed than o
hose of the neighboring island of Jap, a
md the other Polynesians. 'v
They are, however, not less fond of a
;attooing, ancl sometimes produce very *
:ompiicated forms of it. Bat they do 1
lot bear the operation welL They do c
lot appear tc be less robust inconstitu- *
ion, but from some indeterminate I
sauses, their jystem, perhaps more ner- \
rous or more sensible to pain, does not i
tlways prove resistant. Their health {
s affected by the operation, and they
- J-Ia fnViA >r? a?vi nn "knnn if
>ULLlt) b I ill CO UIC. J.UC nuiUCil uuu 1 u
leit her better nor worse than the men.
They adorn the backs of the hands,
ialf the arms, and the onter sides of
;he legs with rows of crosses, stars,
joints, lines simple and zigzag.
The Indians of America tattoo, it is
mown, very little. Though strongly
resistant to pain, they look npon tattoong
as a kind of disgraceful mutilation.
1 few years ago, an Indian cf the tribe
>f the Apaches, in Arisiona, sought a
roung Comanche girl as his wife. The
Domanches Were then a, hostile tribe.
Daught in a pillage-expedition by the
ipaches, she was by them tat toed over
the whole of the back by way of punishment.
The painful operation was
prolonged fifteen months. This unhappy
girl escaped, rod was received
is servant in an America]a house at
loseph, Arizona.
The complicated and troly rosthetic ,
;attooing which forms the garb of so '
nany Polynesians is not known in Africa,
rhe Niams-Niams, and the women of
Hammedj, Mataubue, Makoude, Manjanja,
and Machinga ornament them!o1\roa
tpifVi (>nmnarfl.t.irolv plAcanf,
Dands. The Bans paint tliemselve3 j
vitli pipe-clay, the Besuvs arid the Ber:as
with red ocher, the Monbnttos with ^
:ed wood, or black juice of gardenias
Dut, in general, they confine themselves t
:o pretty gToss incisions, sc.ch as the '
arge cuts in the cheeks and the temples
in the Berabras and ciae Bedjas,
rad the colored cuts of the Bantetochs ^
Df Loan go.
The Bongos tattoo themselves pretty '
completely, even the ams ; but they
do not make drawings with a series of
prickings. They make according to
Schweinfurth long incisions, the cicarisation
of which they retard, by appli- ,
cation of irritating substances. The
wound forms pimples, and, the 5eshy
excresence once cicatrized, there remain8
an indelible swelling. The in- ,
habitants of Onwinnzi, to the east ard |
on the coast of ILiake Tanganyika, hav<.
according to Cameron, a strong taste
for tattooing. They are covered with ,
small incisions forming spirals, circles
or straight lines. More to the sonth, :
on the same lake, at Kusanngalohowa,
a line of tattooing is made, descending
in the middle of the forehead, and two
lines on the temples, proloning sometimes
to the chin. Cameron found in ,
these marks means of distinguish- '
ing the tribe.
To the west of Lake Tanganyika, in
Ouhigh, tho tattooing common to the
two sexes is without regularity, and
the frightful stars left by deep inci- !
sions for the purpose of ornament are
very repulsive?not so, however, to
the natives, and they often disfigure
themselves in the most surprising ways.
Many of them are not content with
incisions. Dr. Tarrant has recently
(for example) indicated a mode of tat- J
tooing particularly in use on the African
coasts, and which ip as follows :
It is applied only to the face. It i
consists in a strong torsion of the skin, :
added to the ordinary jinethod of tat- <
tooing by incisions. A 'long and pretty ;
thick steel needle is introduced obliquely >
into the skin at a depth varying with the '
}i2o of the tattooing to ike done. The .
i
\l
needle is then raised forcibly in a direction
at right angles to the part
pricked, raising like a lever the skin,
which is cat below. The strip thus
obtained i3 strongly twisted and wound
into a ball round the needle as an axis,
and the contraction of the tissues suffices
to hold it until complete cicatrization,
in the form of more or less regular
balls. This operation is practiced
most frequently from the lower and
anterior part of the nose, raising in a
c+TQiorVif. lino f.r? thft hpffinniric nf the
w w ~ O O
hair. Certain tribes tattoo, in the
same way, the lobes and the outer border
of the ear. It is generally on children
of tender age only, that this tattoning
is performed. It is donbtless
not so painful as those in which irritating
substances are applied; but it must
be very dreadful for children.
Civilized nations seem to have definitely
renounced this fashion of barbarous
ornamentation; but one need not
go far to find in the piercing of ears,
the often painful use of corsets, and certain
deformation of the cranium (as the
Toulousian) some reiics of savage
practices.
Salt.
There would seem to be some persons
on this earth who are constantly trying
to make water run up hill, and yet they
never make out beyond making themselves
miserable and every one around
them who is in any way connected with
or related to them- Only lately a man
asked us if taking salt with his food
ffould be of any value. He was pale
.Hid the lips nearly colorless, and this
feature at once betokens to the experisnced
eye that the blood is poor, poverty-strickened,
"toothin," to makeuseof
* slarg phrase; but the "doctor"?and
i miserable one at that?had told him
ihat "salt" was not necessary, and that
hie should not upon any account whatever
partake of it. It is a well-known
kcfc that the human blood contains a
jreat amount of saline matter, and of
shis a little over one-half is salt?nothing
less, nothing more. Now this is
jarried off in several ways?perspiration
is always salt if you taste it?and
;he kidneys are busy taking away salt i
n their regular duty; the skin carries <
iway salt every hour, either sleeping
)r waking, and the bile consists largely
>f salt when it is healthy bile, and all i
;ne cartilages of tne body contain salt,
ifow, with the waste going on, sleeping
>r waking, working or resting, will this i
D. tell tis what is to be done in the
yay of replacing the salt that is taken '
rat of the system by the regular course 1
)f nature? People often become ner- '
"ous, peevish, fretful and "good for j
lothing" because they deprive them;elves
of fresh air, proper exercise and 1
salt. It is a simple thing, but when j
he Almighty made man Ha not only i
nade him about right, but gave j
nto his keeping all the natural eJe- t
nents for maintaining and repair- 1
ng the body and its wastes. Among ]
hese, salt in a great variety of forms, ]
tnd in a bountiful supply, was given, j
^nd it is a matter of wonder how men ]
rho pretend to be "up" in the matter i
>f handling this body and the diseases i
ncidental to it, can perpetrate any such {
oolishness as to attempt to say that you i
'must not eat saltsuch a man or <
eoman would be "white liveied" in {
hrAA mnnths. and rmen to everv chancre i
>f weather or food, and consequently
,11 the time "ailing." Eat all the salt
on reqnire, and shake your fist in
t<slightfnl independence in the face of .
,ny such" snidekeep the salt in food,
a yonr system, and be happy. It is an
tbsolute fact with the best stock breedirs,
that if cattle do not have modeately
free access of salt, they soon be:ome
"weak," lifeless and afHicted with
Liseases which are entirely unknown
,mong those who have access to salt
whenever they desire. Does not the
ame law apply to people, who
-re of as much consequence in the
ninds of thinking people and those
Fho have any knowledge ? Salt is cne
?f the essentials, and the body cannot
>e supported without it in a reasonable
? J mi MA M /V / f A m
[uaimiij. j-iicre j.a uu CJVJXU UX UOO xjjl ^
ttempting to do without it, and if yon t
rill take notice of those people who \
,re advocating disuse of salt, you will 3
ina them "lunatics" upon the good (
lealth question, and probably devotees
>f the Dio Lewis "oatmeal" as a doc- 3
rine, and first-class beefsteak as a i
>ractice. Sensible people will not be i
nought into this kind of a trap, w-ich j
a the immediate future makes work 3
or these veritable M. D.'s.?Boston ]
Journal of Commerce. ]
Lile Amonjr the Hindoos.
The London Times, in reviewing a
ecently published book by Shib Chun- (
ler Bose, "Hindoo Manners and Cus- 1
oms," says: (
Wealthy Hindoos are ofteh lavishiy '
>stentatious when a death, a marriage, ,
>r one of the annual religious festivals
>ffer them an occasion fcr parading *
heir generosity. They illuminate gar- ,
lens that reflect the pleasures of their ,
>aradise; they throw their mansion {
>pen to all comers; they feed troops j
>f hecroar* and r>r5fi9ts for davs and
ometimes for week3. And although
he Bengali, as a rule, is frugal to stinginess,
looking closely to the fixpendiure
of each rapee, the observances of
lis faith must be a heavy tax on him.
iis the Brahmins live at the expense of
he laymen, it is to their interest to see
hat these observances are maintained.
Che great Doorga Poojah festival in itlelf
must be a fruitfal source of embarassments
and insolvencies. Everybody
s bound, if possible, to live in luxury
or the time, to indulge in merrymaking
bat degenerates into orgies, *nd to I
Iress in cevr and stimptuous clothing
rom head to foot. "Persons in strait- \
med circumstances, who actually live J
:rom hand to mouth, deposit their hard- '
earned savings for a twelvemonth to be (
spent on this grand festival." The beg- ]
jars have their wants freely relieved, :
md it is the season to which mendicant ,
Brahmins look forward as the occasion
for replenishing their empty purses. j
According to the anthor, it has been 1
roughly estimated that $50,000,000 are :
spent annually in Bengal alone, directly
or indirectly; and the Doorga Poojah
Dnly represents on an exaggerated scale
i waste that is going forward at intervals
through sll the rest of the year.
Either on religions grounds or on the
occasion of family Ceremonies, there
are many days when a circle of acquaintances
must be entertained, and when
offerings which become the perquisite
of the officiating priest must be laid
before the shrine of the tutelary idol.
So the Brahmins victimize the saperstitons
community, and yet the members
of the sacred caste are so great
that most of them barely keep body and I
soul together. This is a common say- !
ing that a Brahmin is a beggar, even if
he possesses a lake of rnpees, and "if
an officiating priest can make ten rupees
a month he considers himself very well
off.-' Naturally, they cannot afford to
be scrupulous, and it seems strange
that, with their unblushing mendicity
and their open disregard of morality,
they retain their hold even on their ignorant
devotees. The author relates
facts to show that the most sacred laws
of the caste are sacrificed to pecuniary
temptations. The heads of the order
X- 3 X- .1 iU*
nave consented tu cuuuun's tu? jiiuou
flagrant offenses when the culprit could
afford to bribe them sufficiently.
There seems to be no occupation so
dangerous as that of brakeman on
freight train?, and many insurance
companies refuse to take the risk of !
insuring their lives. It is said tbat
only twenty-five per cent, of freightbrakemen
dis 9xcept by accident,?Dr.
Fooie'a Health Monthly.
BUKXIXG BODIES.
The Prosress ami Status ot the Cause of
Cremation in Aincrico and in ?ui-ope Last
Year.
The reports circulated freely in the
fall of 19S1 that the Le Moyne crematory
at Washington, Pa., was to be dis- j
mantled proved to be untrue, and in
March last the trustees, Messrs. Julias
Le Moyne and V. HardiDg, issued the
following circular, covering the points
on which correspondents usually desire
information:
"Dr. F. Julius Le Moyne erected his
cramatory for his own use and that of
n^rsnria in tlip neighborhood, and not
for the general public, his hope being
that crematories would be erected in
different parts of the country. He,
however, allowed the cremation of a
few bodies for the purpose of keeping
this reform before the pnblic, as well
as to gratify a strong desire of those
who had no other way of showing their
interest in the subject. The trustees
endeavor to follow his wishes, although
be left no directions in the matter, nor
any fund for keeping up the crematory,
hence a small sum is added to the actual
cost of cremation.
"The crematory is situated at Washington,
Washington county, Pa. The
pi ace may be reached by rail from either
Pittsburg or Wheeling.
"The trustees will receive no bodies
for cremation nnless they are previously
satisfied that death is recent and from
natural causes. This information must
be accompanied bv a certificate from
the attending physician and the Board
of Health, and some referees known to
bcth parties are desirable.
"A timely notice is required for
another reason. It requires abont
twenty-four honrs to heat the furnace
before the introduction of the body;
after the body is placed in the retort it
is consumed in about two hours, but
from twenty to twenty-four hours must
be allowed for the cooling of the retort
before the ashes can be removed.
"The body is removed from the coffin
before cremation; hence, if a sheetbe
laid in the coffin under the body it
can be lifted out more easily. Simple
clothing and a plain coffin are recommended.
"The ashes are generally placed in a
sealed tin box and can be carried away
by the friends or sent by express. The
weight of the ashes varies from five to
seven pounds.
"The cost of cremating a body is $45.
rhis includes all expenses after the
body reaches the railroad station at
Washington?hearse, carriage and box,
is well as fuel, attendance, &c."
By way of proof of the spread of in:ere8t
in the subject may be mentioned
;he fact that New England manufac;urers
have been making inquiries with
i view to preparing cinerary urns for !
;he market. The tenth cremation at
Washington took place on the 19th of
February last, the body being that of
Dr. Konradin Homberg, a prominent
physician of Indianapolis, Ind., a poitical
exile from Germany, and a derated
scholar. He was past eighty-five
rears of age and a bachelor. On the >
)ih of March the body of Mr. Arthur 1
Strabos was cremated. He was a civil
mgineerwho not long before had gone 1
:rom New York to Pittsburg to perfect 1
jlans for the Monongahela bridge. 1
Je died suddenly of typhoid fever, leavng
directions for the cremation of his
:emains, which were duly carried out,
hough none of the members of his '
amily were present at the incineration. 1
)n the 31st of Mych were cremated '
he remains of Colonel J. N. Ross, of 1
3olden, Mass., who ' had commanded '
he Nineteenth Ohio Volunteers .daring ;
he war and had afterwards been a mer- J
jhant and railroad superintendent in
Massachusetts. On the 23d of May the 1
)ody of Miss Frank M. B. Kendal, who
lad died or consumption at the age of
-hirty-seven, at Madison, Ind., was J
. 1 T- - I J2 1 i
;rematea. j? or twelve years sue uau uceu i
jrincipai of a female seminary at Madi>on,
to which place her ashes were reurned
to be deposited in Springdala
cemetery. The fourteenth cremation
;ook place on the 24;h of Jane, the
)ody being that of Mrs. Henry Hahernan,
of New York, who had died of 1
jonsumption. ;
Abroad, the cause of cremating is 1
making steady progress. Italy is still 1
n the forefront of the movement. Accord- 1
ng to the Revue d'lhjcjiene new socio- (
;ies have formed, which now number 1
line in all Italy, and new crematories :
aave been constructed in Rome, Venice, I
Pavia, Oremonia, TJdine and Leghorn,
it last reports the Cremation Society.at 1
Rome had 183 members, and bad select* 1
?d a site in the cemetery for a cremato
^ r.w> +Vi? /T-rtvirv-i ctctom Thp msf, nf
.lUJUi 1/JU UUO VAVXAUJ. WJWWV,ui. ***v ~iremation
is from $G to 810. and the tirn 1
josts fiora SI to $2. At Milan the :
novement maintains its strength, and 1
;he English Consul, Mr. Colnaghi, reports
that between 1876 and August 31,
L881, seventy-one incinerations of bodies
lave taken place at Milan and fif- |
;een at Lodi, making a total of eighty- 1
iix. The first crematory fnrnaca set 1
lp in Milan was heated by ordinary gas, ;
nade on the spot and passed by means '
tubes into the urn. This system, ,(
lowever, had to be abandoned, since it
vas found to be neither rapid nor !
jconom?cal, five hoard being required for i
he operation. Two rival systems are ]
low being^tried?one the invention of
Professor G orini, of Lodi. and tbe other :
ihat of Messrs. Porna and Vennini, of 1
Milan. Both are heated by wood, and ;
;he flames are brought into direct con
act with the body; combustion being
increased by the introduction of atmos- ;
pheric air. Cremation does not appear
;o be a cosily process, for the total 1
:ost of incinerating a human body at 1
ITCI4ftlfl This 1
.LLIiUil 1 "5 C ^iiigniiau uuuv-* jbarge
covers not only the fees to the
cremation society and to the municipality,'
but the cost of a niche foi
the cinerary urn in the colum - 1
barium erected for that purpose.
The Japanese Gorernment, it may be
added, sent a commissioner, Mr. Mono- .
suke Jaca, to Milan, not long ago, to
study the Italian system of cremation.
Gotna ranks next to Milan as a center of
cremation. The furnace erected there
in the autumn of 1878 had up to last
August, been in use 57 times?once in
1878, 17 times ir. 1879, and 3.6 times in j
1880. For last year; up to August 17, i
the number was 23. Ox the total of 57
cases, only 1 came from Berlin, 1 from
Breslau, 7 from Dresden, 1 from Frankfort-on-the-Main,
1 from Hanover, 1
from Carlsruhe, 2 from Leipsic, 3 from
Munich, 1 from Vienna. 1 from Paris
and 1 fiom "Weimer. Gotha contributed
23. Only 1G cases were women. Of
the 47 men, 19 belonged to learned
professions, 4 to the army and 4 to the
nobility. There were 10 physicians.
At the last meeting of the Copenhagen
Cremation Society it was announced
that the society counted 1,400 members,
among whom were S3 distinguished
physicians and many Protestant ministers
of well-known character. The apparatus
adopted by the Danish Society
completes cremation iu about an hour
and the operation does not cost more
than from $1.25 to SI.75. It is expected
that this economical result will assist
in extending the system among the
poorer classes, for in Denmark the cost
of a funeral by the ordinary method is
very bigli. In Fxance, a few weeks
ago, the minister of the interior put a
veto on any experiment in the way cf
cremation, even with the "debris" of
the hospitals, on the ground that the
decree of Prairial Year XIII, which
deals with the subject of the disposition
of the dead, only takes cognizance o?
burials. The French society has 106
members, and its receipts for the firsi
year of it-q existence were $1,400. &
England the cremation movement has
made little progress of late, about the
only notable item, recorded being the j
passage by the Oxford Union, by a vote j
of 37 to 19, of a resolution that "cremation
ought to supersede our method of
burial."
VACCINATION IS AMERICA.
Tlie Method of Obtaining the Vims?'The
Present Outbreak of Smallpox.
Dr. E. A. Lewis, who is one of the
largest dealers in vaccina in this country,
upon being questioned by a reporter
of the New York World to find
? l - 1? .I ;3 .
OUiaDOUt. mo supply ui >&ccuie, IKUU .
"We have a large farm in New Jersey,
where we keep a stocK of calves, principally
Alderny, for they seem to take
and keep the vims better than any
others. In a busy season, snch as this,
we rise a calf nearly every day. The
method of vaccination is the same as in
the case of hum an beings. The belly
of the calf near the ndder is cleanly
shaved, leaving a perfectly smooth
skin. Then abrasions are made and
the vesicles are applied, the only difference
being that while in a vaccination
of a human being there are seldom
more thaa^two abrasions of the skin,
with the calves between twenty-five and
thirty vesicles are sometimes applied,
when we reach a large quantity of virus.
The additional number of applications
moto nn ilifforon/ia in +.T10 rnialitr nf
the vims, and the vaccination produces
no applicable effect upon the health of
the calves. So the protests of Mr.
Bergh and his colleagues are groundless.
The time for removing the virus
is usually on the seventh day after
the vaccination. The virus is taken out
in different ways. Sometimes on quills
or wing points, and sometimes in glass
tribes. Sometimes, too, the scabs
are removed, but in bovine virus these
are not often to be depended upon.
When taken off on quill slips, or wing
points, it is allowed to dry thoroughly,
and you would not recognize the presence
of any extraneous matter on the
and of one of thes9 quills or points,
should you examine them ever so carefully.
Probably the most effective form
of vaccination is with the quill slip.
They serve to preserve the virus better
and retain its vitality. When dried
thoroughly they are ready for use.
The vaccination by glass tubes also is a
very effective process. The virns preserved
in these different forms is packed
nr> a-nA cant V>t7 moil TTia mftin r?r?inf
in preserving is to keep ifc dry and cool, i
"When exposed to heat any length of
time it loses its vitality and becomes
absolutely useless. We find that the
mail is the only safe means of transportation,
and never send it in any other
way."
44 What virus do you use to inoculate
your calves ?'
"Several years ago I visited a number
of vaccine faims in Europe, and
brought home specimens from several
places in France, but most of them <
proved worthless, and soon ran out,
My virus is transmitted from an epi- 1
demic of cow-pox discovered in Veauguery.
It is of a very effective quality,
and was found there in 1866. It was
brought here by Dr. Martin, of Boston,
and has been transmitted in an unbroken
chain from one calf to another ever
3ince.:'
?'TY-v wrtn rr>n/?T-i /if voiWtiftA
JU V J VU gVAA AAA U VU V4 ?MV ? MWVAMV
from your farm?''
"Yes. I am one of the largest dealers
and producers in this country. I
3end it by mail everywhere, all over the
country. This is the be it season of the _
year for its transportation, for it is more
easily preserved now than in warmer
months. I am sending ofi enough
now to vaccinate 2,000 people a day."
"How do yon accoint for the prevalence
of smallpox this winter?"
"We are bound to have an epidemic
of smallpox constantly recurring as
long a3 there is no compulsory vaccina'
tion. It see ns to return with additional <
virulence every fifth year. About ]
five years ago, duriDg the winter of i
18/b ana is//, it spreaa very generally 1
all over the United States, both North ;
and South. A great deal of vaccine ?
was used bj the people, and in the j
3pring it disappeared and we were free ,
Erom it, nntil abont eighteen months j
ago, when there were cases all over the j
country. LasS winter it became quite i
an epidemic in Brooklyn, and isolated ]
cases appeared elsewhere. During the i
summer the seeds were kept alive, and j
now it has spread so that there is a j
general prevalence of the disease as far West
as the Mississippi. Why, we ,
are sending packages of vaccine daily j
to people in Kansas and Missouri j
But there is every probability that dnr- ,
in/* +>ia crvrinnr tVio ^icecicp will ATttirfilv
disappear and the country will have an ,
immunity, at least from epidemics, for ,
a number of years."
"You are an advocate of compulsory i
vaccination ?* ,
"Indeed I am, and of stringent quar-- ]
an tine laws and greater powers for the ,
boards of health. Oar great trouble is, ,
that the people are allowed to act too ]
much as they please. In Prussia, where j
every child has to have a vaccination
certificate, there are no epidemics. In i
England, where an anti-vaccination i
party wields great power, there is a j
great prevalence of this disease. So .
rare are the bad consequences that no 1
well-founded conclusions can be drawn \
from them, against vaccination. A ,
great deal of the smallpox in the "West j
is undoubtedly due to emigration. |
Emigrants carry the infection out there
with them and there is consequently i
much more of the disease than there |
ffould otherwise be. I never heard of j
a German case yet, so complete is their ,
system of quarantine and compulsory
vaccination. I
"Wir Plants frnm rhina and Jar\
New plants from China and Japan are ]
being added to the agriculture of Cali- i
fornia, says a San Francisco le' ter. The !
United States consnl general at Shan- j
ghai sends us a good supply of seed
from two valuable tfeeS for distribution, i
viz., the tallow tree and the lichee. ,
The tallow tree will thrive here. Besides
being a handsome tree, resembling ;
fcbe asp2n, it bears great clusters of nuts j
whose kernel are filled with white j
tallow, which is softened by steam and
then removed. lb is in general use in j
substitution of animal tallow. After ;
extraction a very large quantity of rich !
and valuable oil remains. The lichee <
bears a fruit that is delicious when
fresh. Jt is dried and largely exported.
The tree is an evergreen and very (
beautiful. Both of these valuable trees
will grow in California, and doubtless
in many Southern States on the Atlantic
f-ide. the seeds are distributed freely
i i i- i 1 ti.?
oj ine pnonsnerb ui one wan x itui^w
Evening Bulht:n.
List year the Bulletin distributed the
Soji beans of Japan, which grow luxuriantly,
and which will supersede all
other varieties as food for men and animals.
For centuries these heavy-podded
beans have fed the millions of Eastern
Asia, and they are now favorite food in
Southern Europe. The plant gro^s
scrubby Jtiere and three feet high. The
pod never drops its beans on the field.
No other leguminous plant bears beans
of such tasteful, healthy and nutritious
qualities, in which the straw participates
largely as fattening food for cattle.
Analysis finds in Soja beans 34i
per cent, of albuminous element and
18\ uer cost, of fat, while horse beans
show only 25* and li per cent, respectively,
and rcaue contains 10? and
per cent. only. As an alternative crop
the Soja bean will prove a blessing and
a restorative to the soil here and in all
your Southern States, w^tere wo predict
its speedy^Ptroduction,
Human Hopes.
Like to an airy bird,
With every feather stirred,
A skylark mounting npward to the sky;
Yf hit though its nest we pass
Whsre low winds wave the grass,
And butterflies and bees go flittiDg by.
It lives not in the now? \ iii
Though blossoms deck the bough,
The harvest fields with golden spires it seee,
The seed falls to the ground; ^ v
It knows no burial mound,
Bet crimson fruit that glow amid the trees.
And when fierce storms do blow,
And bare boughs in the snow
Songless and fiowerless stretch through gloom
afar, *
Still, still the angel Hope .
Bids us with life's ills cope,
And through the darkest shades see every
?Lydia L. A. Very.
HUMOKODS.
One touch of vaccine makes the
whole world kine. . When
a man gets abpve his business
he is bound, to fall oil . ^
A successful debater?The hornet
always carries his point _ J
A man that is variable is not esteemed
very able by his neighbors.
No one ever thinks of complimenting
a clock for keeping good hours.
The sun is no invalid, but it always
goes South to spend the winter. ^
Pugilists strip for a fight, and then
present each other with heavy wraps.
The phrenologist is governed more
bv his feelines any man in any
other business.
The good die young, The bad live
to lie about the weather, and are spoken
of as the oldest inhabitants.
Chicago's chief of police has a gold
badge set with diamonds. The poke*
and bunko men of that town have
good taste.?Free Press.
If some religions people we know .
would prey on their neighbors less and
their knees more, the ^orld would be
better off.?Baltimore Every Saturday.
A New Yorker who had offered $50 to
any one who would remove his bunion
now turns around and wants $10,000
D Cause a bixet:i, cat ituMuuvvuiKu .......
Shakespeare asks, "What's in a
name ?" Well, it is a good thing, sometimes.
Not necessarily for publication,
bnt merely as a guarantee of good
faith.
The German government can now
call 1,000,000 soldiers into the field at
a day's notice, -while orer here it takes
the best part of three days to hunt up
the man who borrowed your half dolThe
mayor and city council of Austin
have got the smallpox . Now
don't get scared. Give us a chance to
finish the sentence. They have undoubtedly
got the smallpox under control.?Siftings.
rv
As large crops rewards the farmer
Who has sown with lavish hand;
As encores thai greet the charmer
Who out sings the big, bras3 band;
So the ardent advertiser
of tt o-jUVi flf small ATrtonaa
Through the paper; for 'tis wiser
Than to bulletin the fence
With a small,
Gaudy sheet,
Not at all
' ' NIce'or neat. "
Who, into journal', of his " dust"
A liberal portion pours,
Will nevermore complain of rust
On the hinges of his doors.
?Eackensack Republican,
Mexico and Her People.
Upon landing on the coast of Mexico
one is struck with the singular dress,
habits and customs of the people. All
ye see is new to our eyes and senses. ^
1'he houses are 01 tne simplest construction;
and the furniture in them
surprisingly meager. Of course these
remarks refer to the rural districts. The
Did time plow of 2,000 years ago is seen
in th6 field, and drawn by oxen, and
the yoke fastened to their horns. The
producing class is the Indian. The
pronundiados, or revolutionists,comprise
the middle class ; while the better class
is pure castilian. The latter class
bold the offices, fill all the positions,
md possess all the wealth. The middle
class are not renowned for virtue, while
the upper class are. The lower class
ire stupid but honest; the middle class
ire not.
There are many rich people in Mexico,
but the government is poor and the
country xmpoverisnea. jraupera axo
plenty; and yet one rarely hears of a
death by starvation. Bread is cheap;
and fruit can be had for a song. The
bread in general use is the tortilla, made
3f corn. It is the bread of the Aztecs
ind Tolteea of 700 years ago. It is the
bread Montezuma ate in his day. And
ibis is how it is made:
The corn is soaked in warm lime
prater for a hajf day; then worked,
when the hulls drop off; then ther clean
grains are placed upjn a flat stone, and
i stone roller passed over them until
"he corn is ground and looks like mor:ar.
Some red pepper is put into the
lough, when the operator takes a lump
in her hands, pats it until it assumes
the form of a cake and then places it
anon an earthen plate, laid upon tho
;oals, and the famous tortilla is ready
to be eaten. The cake is quite palat *
ible, and with soup it is* not to be
lespisecL
A Spanish writer, when dilating upon
the wealth and extravagance of the JLnjian
emperor Montezuma, declared that
the emperor never u*ed the some spoon
but once. But he did not tell all the -j.
story. Montezuma ate his soup like all
bis subjects. He took piece of tortilla, _
shaped it like a spoon or cup, dipped ifc
int-o the dish of sonp, then swallowed
the soup and tortilla together. Mexicans,
wlio are not worth a dollar in the
world, do the same thing to-day. The
Lower class and middle class, too, to a
large extent, use no spoons, knives or
forks, when eating.
The manufacture and sale of this cake
is one of the few fields ooen to women
.\Sh5S
in Mexico. They bake them and then
hawk their goods upon the streets or
deliver them to families at their houses.
But they never grow rich in their calling.
Indeed, in this country, the object
of the people is not to get wealth; it is
rather to obtain the comforts of life. A
Mexican will work thrte days in the
field, and sleep the other three days of
the week awaj. The seventh day is
market day, and also church day.
m' in t.Tio
JLDG CULLL1XlUJ-l uo.v
simplest and fewest garments, in fact
they are never overdressed. It is surprising
how few clothes will pass muster
m some districts of that country. A
blanket spread on the earthen floor of
their huts is considered good enough for
any sovereign of that land; while a cot
is regarded as a luxury, and only - indulged
in by the well to-do people. . \
Everybody smokes, but no one chews or
snuffs. The ladies smoke as gracefully as
they dance. They smoke in the parlor
at home, and when visiting; and are
content only when they have a cigarette
every half hour. They use wines at :|a
the table, but at no other ticae; acd all
classes eat frequently but f-piringlv. >~i|p
Dyspepsia is rare, and a dentist could
no' earn a living if be Lad an entire . ^51
canton in which to ply Lis vocation. ''am
Life is deemed a period of eDjoyment,
with the rich and p doa They eaf, sleep, '%
dance and die. And they die early too.
Old people lire ?eo? jn

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