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The Fairfield news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1881-1900, April 05, 1882, Image 1

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WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. P., WEDNESDAY, APRIL 5, 1882. ESTABLISHES IN 1844,
Eclio Song:.
^ From the French.
I call across the rolling plain,
" Oh mountains from your sleep awake,
Oh stupid rocks your slumber %reak,
Hear and give back my words again i"
And hark! the Echo doth rebound
In accents made the eoul of souud,
Replying to my laughing voice,
Tbero loitereth by a flock of sheep,
Above whoso clamorous bleating swells
The tinkling of their hundred bells.
In sympathy with me, the steep
Takes up the wild pell-mell of sound,
Hakes jargon human in rebound,
Compels uproar to flow along
In SDng._
Where curves the lakes green crescent coas:,
The fishers flock with net and boat,
With song and shout ashore, afloat;
Yet all the babble of their host
Melts into music in rebound,
Confusion into tuneful sound,
One heart of overflowing cheer
I hear.
l Behind me is the murmurous'sigh
And rustling of the forest trees,
While loud or lc>v as flows the breeze
Comes song of birds afar and nigh,
And, sheaved into the one rebound,
One note on Echo's lips is found,
As if from one poetic brain,
The strain.
And thus from all the race ascends
Earth's myriad sigh and song and prayer
^ Of hope, or aDguisn, praise, aespair;
Bat gathered iato one descends
Divine?not Echo, not rebound?
One answer from the bine above,
. 'Tis love!
?Austin Anderson, in Our Continent.
111 Click.
HUhr.
HarkM^tain,
Kb withM5nd
little
M&io the Yer RoosIt
costumed
HSwio had closed her
BBte!" sighed Mrs. Baldwin,
Kttr daughters of her own, and
yeat deal of money to bring them
^55, "what is tc become of the child ?
JPWshe's weakly and feeble, and perhaps
Providence will see fit to take her."
Bnt Providence didn't. Click grew
and throve, and blossomed out, somehow,
among the New England sheeppastures',
into a strange, foreign-sort of
beauty-. Nobody wanted her, it was
very plain. She was tolerated, and that
5^ was all. Plenty to eat, a little pallet
bedstead in the corner of the farm^
\ house garret, a calico dress now and
} then?she certainly did not cost them
{ much. And no one ever knew the
y yearning heart-hunger that she resolute)
Jy repressed within herself.
- At the district school she picked np,
now and then, a little learning; at
husking-frolics, quilting-bees and
) apple-parties she got an odd idea of
social observance; and. as fcr the rest,
her soul grew and expanded, and
reached out, like a wild convolvulus
vine, guided only by the great hand of
l^^^yT^^^ner's^ii^j^o had a "store
Jfr carpet" in her best room, and kept city
boarders in the summer-time.
"Do you want any strawberries?"
suid she, pushing back the hood of her
lb- green gingham sunbonnet as she leaned
against the kitchen-door.
"Strawberries!'' said Mrs. Barley.
"Didn't know there was none ripe yet.
Ain't it dread fnl early for strawberries ?'
"Yes," nodded Click, with conscious
pride. "Bat these grow on the south
A side of Lyndon Hill, where the cedartrees
keep off the wind. Nobody knows
of the patch but me. I've been watching
'em this long while. And last week's
sunshine dead-ripened 'em.
"Yes, I'll take 'em," said Mrs. Barley.
"But I can't pay you a very high price,
Trh^a w?r? Tmmmi/? A oil /*ATV?a Trnf
k. IWJL HI J LSVCLl UCXO QUI U Oil VV/.UXt7 J OU. ' How
uracil ?" said Click, with the
speculative greed which belonged to one
side of her ancestry. "There's sixquarts
here, full measure."
"Three cents a quart," said Mrs.
Barley.
f Click's face fell.
; "Not more?' said she.
"Not a penny," said Sirs. Barley.
"Oii, dear!" said Click. "And that
will only make eighteen cents. And 1
wanted to get money enough to buy a
ticket to Mr. Cheveuix's Historical Leo
tures." .
,. "How much would it take T said Mrs.
Barley, kindly sympathetic.
"A dollar," said Click. "There are
f four lectures."
"Oh, d?ar, dear!" said Mrs. Barley,
with hftr totienft. "That's a
fdeal of money!"
"Yes, I know," sighed Click. "And
the lectures begin to-morrow night, and
there won't be any more strawberries
ripe for two days!"
"Can't yon think of any other way of
? earning money?" said Mrs. Barley,
good-natnrally.
"Not nnless I discovered a pot of
money on the sea-shore, where Crazy
Simeon is always digging for Captain
,r- Kid's treasures," said Click, with a little
Wy laugh
x "Click, look here," said Mrs. Barley,
"Have you seen the hair man yet?'
"The?what V said Click, opening
her great black eyes, fringed with curl^
ing silk.
3F "His name is Lemuel Price," said
Mrs. Barley, laughing. "He has taken
the agency of a Boston hsir store, and
he's through the country buying hair.
Sidonia Simonds sold hers to him for
two dollars, yesterday. You!re got nice
hair, you know, Click."
Click smiled.
"Yes," said she, taking off the green
c gingham sun-bonnet, and withdrawing
one or two hair-pins, so that the luxuriant
mass of blue-black tress ess fell
nearly to her slim waist. "It's well
^ enough. And it would soon grow 8gain
^ you know. Oh, Mrs. Barley, do you
? * * ' * * A 3.11 jp
126 worna give me iwo aoiiars iur
lK-5 "There's nothing like trying," said
ry the good-natured miller's wife. "He's
It putton' up at The Three Crooked
Keys. Sidonia Simonds will go there
&S& ^oaHm^^JDp doubt."
B mr w->n do went tov *he shrewd-faced
ffip mail dated his le^tcT* from "The
Three Crooked Keys," and c~. o away
'* shorn of her lovely, shinicej haii, ^-nt
jf with the two-dollar bill safe_ in the
pocket of ner dres?; and tne .Bareness
Burdett-Coutts herself couldn't have
felt richer than Click.
"Two dollars! two dollars!" the girl
kept repeating to herself. "Enough
for the historical lectures and a dollar
over, all for my very own 1"
Mr. Charles Cheveuix was a gentleman
who came sometimes to the wilderness
of Cedar Steeps to deliver lec--y
tures, to rest from the fatigues of city
literary work. Click knew him a little.
He had once walked home with her
from church, of a rainy evening, when
she had no umbrella; he had now and
again spoken pleasantly to her at pic.
nics or spelling-matches; and, nnconB
sciou8ly,the girl had learned to idealize
him. And -this opportunity of attending
this course of historical lectures,
which he was to deliver at the cornei
- school-house, seemed almost like a
g&lc0-: glimpse of Paradise to the poor, unsoV
phisticated CDuntry damsel.
With her mind full of the coming
treat, she opened the kitchen-door of
the Baldwin farmhouse and went in.
The family were at dinner?for the
the primitive Cedar Steepites dined
when the sun touched the noon-nrark
on the kitchen-floor?and, for a second,
?* i - < 1 - - il- 1 3
mere was a sort 01 Dreauuess, appauea.
silence, followed all too soon bv a shriek
of derisive laughter.
Click looked inquiringly around, her
color deepening a little as she saw, sitting
close to her Uncle Elihu's right
hand, Mr. Cheveuix himself.
"What's the matter?" she said.
"What were yon laughing at, Sarah and
Ketnrah ?"
And then all of a sudden, she remembered?her
poor shorn head!
Eeplacing the green gingham sun
, bonnet, with a cry, she darted out of
the room, and never stopped until she
bad buried her face among the pillows
of her own little garret bed.
Thither Sarah Baldwin presently followed
her?a heavy-fcoted, good-natured
girl, with a muddy complexion
and a thick nose.
"Click!" she panted, "whatever have
you done with your hair ? Do just look
in the glass and see what a frigM you
have made of yourself 1"
"Click sat up on the side of the bed,
nnA/Mac/iiATlc flr^ofnro AP
V* 1XJLL llLiO U1U) LUi^WaOViWUO w V4.
pushing back the hair which was no
longer there.
"I look like a brigand," she said,
passionately regarding her reflection in
the scrap of cracked looking-glass.
"But, oh, Sarah, I did so want tha
money to go to the historical lectures !"
And then she told honest Sarah all.
"Well," said Sarah, "I don't blame
you, Click. I suppose the lectures will
be splendid. And ain't it nice, Mr.
Chevenii coming here to board, because
they've got the scarlet fever at the
tavegt? And he's to have the big spare
chsfciber, and?"
uJi'Oh, dear?oh, dear!" said Click.
' breaking forth into fresh tears and sobs;
I 4 'I shall never be able to come into the
I mnm Trifli rnv hair shnrn rcflf HVa a
convict's! Bat I ui'.l go to the lectures,
if I have to wear Aunt Dorcas'
black poke-bonnet and a green barege
veil over my face. I will?I will!"
She kept her word, and it was some
time before Mr. Chevenix fairly comprehended
who was the silent, intent
auditor in the corner, whose figure was
so young and so exquisitely molded,
; and whose costume was so laughably
antique.
"Why does Clarissa never come into
the room ?" he asked Aunt Dorcas, one
day.
4 Gals is queer," the old lady sagely
made reply. "And Click's had her hair
cut off."
"Do you know what prompted her to
that strange caprice ?" the young man
asked.
Axint Dorcas' spectacled eyes twinkled.
' Oar Sally says it was to earn a little
money. She sold it to Lem Price, up
at The Three Crooked Keys, to get
money to buy tickets for your lectures.
And now she's so awfully 'shamed of
her looks she won't come in, and so she
eats her meals in the buttery every
day."
Mr. Ciieveuix smiled to himself.
"We must try and embolden her a
little," he said.
The walk up and down the gardenpath,
where the interwoven boughs of
the cherry-tree3 formed a cool, green
awning of shade, was more than ustially
I prolonc-eot^t^ ^3^-'
V?t<-* f^/\nnrTlf.D V?rtU7 1
UUlLiU UiliJ iiCfc v C iVUU UlO WUVI*^*4WWJ **wu
amazed would she have been 1
"She is a diamond in the rough," he
said to himself?"a wild-rose, blooming
in these rocky wildernesses. Her eyes
are an inspiration, her voice sweeter
than the lark's whistle. I have been
dimly conscious of it for some time, and
now 1 am quite certain that I love her.
My city fnends will probably say that I
am a fool. Well, let them! If I succeed
in meeting here the full, rounded
perfection of my life, why need I care
for the babble of the world ? I love
her, and that is enough."
AnrJ so nnipflv rrossinfi' the meadow.
where the tall, blue flower-de-luces
lifted their banners along the course of
i;he stream, and the silvery-leaved willows
kept up a dreamy rustle, he came
upon Click, sitting, all alone with her
book, upon tho rustic bridge.
Sweet as a wild-flower sh6 looked.
True, the long, dark luxuriance of heT
hair was gone, But the tiny, silken rings
curled all over hor head, like a baby's
locks, and dropped in picturesque tendrils
on her brow. A faint crimson
burned on her cheeks; her eyes were
full of changing, limpid light.
''Mr. Cheveurx!" she said, starting up.
4iDon't move, Click," he said. -'No;
stay just where you are. I want to talk
to you. You give me no chance in the
house; I will seize my one opportunity
here."
Click looked at the deep, brown-rippled
water, then at Mr. Cheveuix. There
was no way of escape, unless, indeed,
she choose to swim like a wild duck.
She lifted her large, startled eyes to his
face.
"Opportunity ?" she replied.
"I have a great deal to say to you,
Ciick," he began.
"Have you?"
Oh, surely, surely he must hear the
wild, tumultuous beatings of her heart!
"Whv do vou avoid me so svstemati
cally?" he asked, gently taking her
hand.
Click was silent.
"Tell me!" he pursued. "Do yon
dislike me ?"
"Oh, no I"
"Do yo a like me, Click?" he asked,
looking intently into her eyes.
"Of course I like yon," she naively
answered.
"Ana is there nothing deeper, tenderer
still, Click? Were I to sue for
your love, what answer would you maise
to me ?"
When they came up, beside the
flower-de-luces and the hoar-leaved
willows, to the house, Mr. Chiveuis and
Click were engaged to be married in
the spring. Mr. Cheveuix was to assume
a chair in a Western college, and Click
was to be the professor's lady.
And Mrs. Baldwin and her fair daughfpr
f?nnld scareelv believe in -Click's
gocd luck.
"Of all people in the world, liow
came he ever to propose to yon, Clarissa
7* said Aunt Dorcas.
"I don't know, aunt," said Click,
h&nging down her head- "I?I suppose
becanse he loved me !M
Something' to Bring the Stars Nearer.
A Georgian of scientific attainments,
residing at Darien, has discovered that
lenses for telescopes can be manufactured
from the virgin drip of rosin,
pgl^elargest lens made of glass is only
ttiirt^Viiches in diameter. The magnitude"
can be greatly increased by the
new method, and, consequently, there is
ne telling what wonderlu1 astronomical
results may flow from its adoption.
The main difficulty is in securing a
favorable oninion at head Quarters here.
My Darien correspondent is unfortunately
not sitnated for pushing his
discovery, and I can only aid him with
my pen and tongne. He reminds me,
and I repeat it for public edification,
that no less a person than Mr. Calhoun
stood in the way cf Professor Morse's
electric telegraph, and Mr Stephens
says that he was the only Southern
Congressman who stood by Morse
i through thick and thin. Gentlemen
who are conversant with science assure
me that the Darien discovery is worthy
of a thorough test.? Washington Letter.
i ?
Adam missed one of the luxuries of
life. He couldn't laugh in his sleeve.
WORDS OF WISDOB.
There is a blessing attending the ministry
of mercy.
Faith and hope cure more diseases
than medicine.
Give neither counsel nor salt nntil
you are asked for it.
T.. a i. * l T_ J 1 -
industry neeo. not wish, ana ne wxit
lives upon hope -will die fasting.
Cheerfulness is an excellent wearing
quality, and has been called the brighl
weather of the heart.
No school is more necessary to children
than patience, because either the
will must be broken in childhood or the
heart in old a^e.
The grandest and strongest natures
are ever the calmest, but without earnestness
no one is ever great or does
really great things.
f> 1 - .1 A. t_ +
reopie wno are always rasing care 01
their health are like misers who are
hoarding a treasure which they have
never spirit enough to enjoy.
Those men who destroy a healthful
constitution of body by intemperance
and irregular life, do as manifestly kill
themselves as those who hang or drown
themselves.
The noblest part of a friend is an
honest boldness in the notifying of errors.
He that tells me of fault, aiming
at my good, I must think him wise and
faithful?wise in saying that which I
see not; faithful in plain admonishment
not tainted with flattery.
Beyond the river of time walk the
brave men and the beautiful women of
our ancestry, grouped in twilieht upon
the shore. Distance smooths, away defects,
and, with gentle darkness, rounds
every form into grace. It steals the
harshness from their speech, and every
word becomes a song.
Substitutes for batches.
People who light their pipes, cigars
or lamps, or kindle their fires by the
instantaneous ignition of friction
matches, have, unless they are old people,
very little conception of the labor
and tribulation attendant upon the
same process fifty years ago. Every
well-regulated family at that time was
provided with a tin box of tinder, produced
by the combustion of rags, and a
flint and steel and matches which had
bean dipped into brimstone. When
fire was wanted the flint and steel and
tindei were produced, and the tinder
being ign?fed by the sparks precipitated
from the sLeel by means of the flint, a
match was touched to the burning mass
and, being lighted, was applied to some
prepared kindlings and a fire thus produced,
the whole process occupying
from five to fifteen minute3, ec^ording
to the skill or luck of the operator.
This was attended with so much labor,
and productive at times of the use of
so many naughty words on the r>art of
the person operating, that they w,re
generally kept all night. This was
done?there were few stoves, and hard
coal had not come into very general
use then?by covering the huge and
blazing back-log in the fireplace with
ashes, and in the morning there was
generally fonnd in its place a bed of
live coals, which, by the application of
fresh wood, and with the aid of the
then universal bellows, usually produced
a blazing fire in from fifteen
minutes to half an hour. Sometimes,
however, from some cause the back-log
would be wholly consumed, leaving
nothing but a bed of ashes. In this
case, particularly if there was an absence
of dry kindling in the house,
some member of the family must take
the shovel, and oftentimes, through the
snow knee-deep, trudge to the nearest
neighbor's "alter fire." And pometimes,
indeed, the nearest neighbor's
fire would be out, too, in which case
the walk would have to be extended
till the fire was procured. The
live coals were borne home upon
the ehovel, often carefully guarded
with the hand to preveut blowing off,
placed between two brands, the bellows
set vigorously at work, and the fire
abLzing. In lighting a candle, a live
coal was taken up upon a pair of tongs
and blown upon with the mouth until a
blaza was produced. Pipes were
lighted by placing a live coal upon the
tobacco, and cigars by holding the
burning coal to the end and puffing with
all one's might.
The first improvement on this in New
England was the snbstitntion of a bottle
of phosphorus, into which, the
cork being removed, a brimstone match
was thrust, and being thus ignited the
bottle was quic'sly closed in order to
retain the strength of the liquid. This
was such an emancipation from the
thralldom of the tinder-box and flint
and steel and other inconveniences of
the old method that people rejoiced
greatly, and believed that the ne plus
ultra in this direction had been reached,
and every well-regulated family was
provided with its bottle of phosphorus,
while the flint and steel and tinder-box
were laid aside to be used only in case
of emergency. This invention was
known by the name of "loco foco
mo?/?Vioc " Tinuwrftr fhprA
was another invention, that left the
phosphorns bottle as much in the
shade as the other had the ?int and
steel. This was the application of a
preparation of phosphorus and brimstone
to the tips of matches, which
only required to be drawn between the
folded leaves of a piece of sand-paper
to produce a light, so that the smoker
had only to carry his matches in one
vest pocket and his folded sand-paper
in the other to light his pipe at any
mument. xubbb i&iter were &uuwu ?o
"Lucifer matches," as taking, it is presumed,
of the character of the scriptural
"son' of the morning." But the
spirit of invention was net satisfied to
stop here, and the result was the present
world-used friction matches, that
alike serve all people, and the making
of which at the present time, in all
probability, consumes almost as much
wood as there was burned by the whole
United State3 for all the purposes of
warming and cooking a century ago.?
Providence Star.
Soul Bur} in?.
"Whenever an Abchasian is drowned,
his friends search carefully for the
body, bnt if this is not found they proceed
to capture the soul of the deceased,
a measure which then has become a
matter of importance.
A goatskin bag is sprinkled "with
water and placed with its mouth, which
is stretched open over a hoop, looking
toward the river, near .the place where
the man is supposed to have been
f i 'tTTA nVA of TV*
uruwiieu* J-rtv WJ.UO aio obxcbi/ucuixuiii
the spot across the river as a bridge on
which the soul can come over. Vessels
containing food and drink are set
aroond the skin, and the friends of the
deceased come and eat quietly, while a
song is sung with instrumental accompaniments.
The scul, it is believed, is attracted
by the ceremonies, comes over on the
bridge that is laid for it, and goes into
the trap. As soon as it has entered?
that is, when the bag is inflated by the
breeze?the opening is quietly closed,
and the ba<? is taken ut> to the burial
place, where a grave has already bees
prepared. The bag is held with the
opening to the grave, and the strings
are untied, and the bag is squeezed intc
the grave, and the burial is afterward
completed.
This rite 1 " equivalent value with
the burial - 'dy, and the grave is
treated wL . j tae honor as ii th<
body was re. - ithin it ?Popula)
Science Mc 'I
POPULAR SCIENCE.
Remarkable transformations have
been made in the Algerian Sahara by
i irrigation. Under its operation a soil
i * i* - -i _ __1 l
nas Deen lormea in wmcn pianis grow
with great vigor.
By an experiment ms.de with a chest,
nnt tree thirty-five years old, to calculate
the amount of mois:ture evaporated
, from the leaves, it was found to lose six1
teen gallons of water in twenty-four
' hours.
Within the last fifteen years no fewer
' than 2.800 houses in Edinburgh, Scotland,
have been pulled down as unfit for
! human habitatio .. In 1863 the death
rate in that city vas 26 per 1,000 ; now
' it is down to zu per jl,uuu.
The vegetation on Behring Island is
' exceedingly luxuriant. The sea in the
neighborhood is especially rich in alg?.
Forests of it from sixty to one hundred
1 feet high render dredging exceedingly
', difficult in some localities.
By a registering apparatus, contrived
for the purpose, the frequency of the
strokes of the wings of different insects
has been determined. It is found that
while the common fly vibrates its wings
330 times per second, the honey-bee
makes 190 strokes and the dragon ly
only twenty-eight.
It is maintained by some scientists
that the aroma of fruits increases with
the lattituae, while the sweetness de
creases. Many herbs, such as caraway,
are richer in essential cils in Norway
than in more southern regions. This
effect is ascribed to the influence of the
prolonged light of the summer months.
Attempts have been made in Spain
to substitute orange for grape j uice in
wine making. Four kinds of wine, one
a sparkling wine, have been successfully
produced. They are all of an attractive
color, perfectly clear, of an agreeable
sweet, slightly acid flavor, and of alcoholic
strength of about fifteen per
cent.
Mr. W. R. Brown has published a
paper proving very satisfactorily that
the main agency which keeps clear the
cnanneis 01 maai river is not me run ot
the tide passing up and down them
every twelve hours, but the upland or
fresh waters which pass down them at j
the period of low tide, more or less aided !
by the oozing out of the salt water '
which may have soaked into the banks
while covered with the tide.
Much has been heard of toughened
glass, but Frederick Siemens now proposes
to adapt that made by his process
to the manufacture of street lamp posts,
water mains and other articles now
made of cast iron. He claims that his
class is stronerpr than iron castings, im
perishable and incorrodible. The cost
per potind allows more profit to the
maker than can he obtained from iron,
is twice as much as the cost of the latter,
but the specific gravity is so much less
that the consumer will be able to obtain
glass articles about thirty-three pef
cent, cheaper than similar goods in cast
iron.
Siberia as it Is.
The tales which Americans 1 ave read
in regard to Siberia have always been
of snch ti harrowing and repulsive description
that they have come to associate
the name of that country solely
with chain gangs of Russian criminals
and slow, lingering deaths, resulting
from the brutalfty of officers and- the
rigors of the climate. A Washington
lecturer, however, throws some .light
upon the resources and occupations of
the inhabitants of that wild country
which will have a tendency to modify
this pessimistic view. The population
is now aocut o,uuu,uuu ana tne people
are settled mostly in the fertile zone,
for it must be remembered that the
area of Siberia is 6.000,000 square
miles, its length 5,600 and its width
2,500 miles. The lecturer referred to,
Mr. George Kennon, commenting upon
letters in the London Standard and
Pall Hall Gazette, depicting the inhuman
treatment of exiles:, their slow
death frcm poison in quicksilver mines,
out of which they are only allowed to
come to die, and the agony they suffer
from the long Siberian winter, says:
There is not a quicksilver mine in all
Siberia, and in that part of Siberia,
where, according to the Standard, exiles
are dying of cold, in 1876 100,000
pounds of tobacco were grown. In the
first half of the seventeenth century
exiles began to be sent to Siberia to rid
the country of those convicts maimed
by punishment. As methods of punishment
have relaxed, banishment has
token the place of most of the other
forms of punishment?as for murder,
assault, laiceny, \agrancy and desertion
from the army, tte purpose constantly
kept in view being the population
of Siberia. Between 1827 and
1847 159,755 exiles Fere sent
to Siberia, of whom only 413 were ex 1
. 1 < _ A ^ il -
uea lor political onenses. ui mete
443, two-thirds belong to the nobility.
From 1867 to 1872 G4,274 persons were
exiled. Of these, 5,000 were sentenced
to hard labor and the other ninetj-two
per cent, simply banished and allowed
freedom within a smaller or larger district
in proportion to the gravity of
their crimes. There are only two mines
now worked by Russian convicts, one a
coal mine, the other a placer gold
mine. Both are worked above ground.
The pictures of the horrors of trans
portation of Russian exiles by Mr.Ureen
ville Murray and English 'journals are
absurd. They are transported by rail,
by boat and by "wagons, and are supplied
with the necessities of life until
they find work or get into business for
themselves. Trade between China and
the provinces of this fertile zone is
large and carried on by 2,000 merchants.
Millions of bushels of grain are raised
and tho manufactured products are
valued nt millions oi dollars. These
exiles are, as a rule, prosperous and
1 A *1 ? T
nappy, .a. rous a political esue 1 once
stopped with was a prosperous photographer.
I would rather be banished to
this conn try for life than spend five
pars in Sin<? Sine.
Alcohol Experiments on Pigs.
It may not be generally known that
systematic experiments npon pigs are
being made these days at Paris by a
group of scientific men with the view
of ascertaining the precise action of
alcohol upon the processes of digestion,
, respiration and secretion. In a very
interesting paper upon these experiments
by M. Dujardin Beaumetz we
find it stated, with a touch of unconscious]
humor, that the pig has been
chosen to be experimented upon because,
in the first place, his digestive
apparatus closely resembles in all essential
respects that of man; and, in the
nc.%-f r-\lqod Ko^qtico f)iA cr iq rml v
. AAVAW *kJ Vi*4J
i animal (besides man, we presume) that
i will ungrudgingly consent to be
, " dosed" with alcohol. The congress,
at which th9 final resuj ts of the investigations
of M. Beaumetz and his coadjutors
are to be made known, will be held
( in the autumn at The Hague.?P.-.ll
Mall Gazette.
A personal item says thai Christine
Nilsscn has been visiting a country
[ house belonging to Qaeen Isabslla,
I where she shot a quantity of pheasants
> "in the royal preserves." And they
5 deserved to be shot, too, for getting
> | into the royal preserves, A woman in
II Hainesville last week nearly broke her
son's back vith a broomstick for getting
i into her preserves. Christine visited
5 i tie queen's country house at an onoor
i I tone moment, bnt, no doubt, somV of
- the royal preserves will have to be
1 thrown out.?Rorristown Herald,
JOHN JACOB ASXOB'S START.
The Stream of Wealth that Becn.ii With a
Free Permit front the East India Companr.
. i
A business acquaintance of Mr. Astor
once a3ked him what particular transaction,
or peculiar kind of business,
first gave him his great start. He said,
in reply, that at one period of his life
he had accumulated a large quantity of
furs, such as beaver, which were unsala
ble in the American market, and they
were packed away in whisky barrels
down it. the cellar. Ee had no correspondent
in London to send them to,
and no disposition to do so if he had.
After talking the matter over with his
wife, they concluded it wonld be advia-i-i
n j r . _ ? 13 J.-1 iv. ?
aDie teas ne snuuiu uik.? iue xius uu
London himself, and he did so. The
prospects of the venture were very uncertain,
and therefore, in order to economize
as much as possible, he went ont
a3 a steerage passenger. On arriving
in London he found a ready market for
his furs, and sold them at a very high
rate. He then mads a list of such
goods as he thought tfouldfseXL.to advantage
in the New^fork market, and
purchased and shipped them. After he
had transacted all his business he was
detained in London for a couple of i
weeks iu consequence of the ship not
being ready to sail. He employed the
time in looking about London and
picking ud all the information possible,
1 T At J_ 13
especially sucn aa ne tnougnc wouia
benefit his business in New York.
Among the places he visited was the
great East India house, and the warehouses
and offices of the company.
On one occasion he asked one of the
porters what the name of tho governor
was. The man replied, giving a German
name very familiar to Mr. Astor, who
then asked if the governor was an En-g
lishman,' ard was told that he had
come from Germany when a boy. Mr.
Astor thereupon determined to see him,
and watching for an opportunity, sent
in his name and "was admitted, un
entering he asked the governor, "Is not
your name Wilhelm?" "Did you not
go to school in such a town?" The governor
replied, "I did; and now I remember
you very well." A long conversation
followed, old school days
were talked over, and the governor insisted
that Mr. Astor should dine with
Mm. He declined for that day, but on
the next day they met again. He asked
Mr. Astor ii there wss nothing he could
do for him. Mr. Astor said no; he had
bought all he wanted, and needed
neither cash nor credit. ' They met
several times after that, and the gover
nor continued urging Mr. Astor to name
something that he could do for him.
He asked what present would be acceptable,
and Mr. Astor declined accepting
any. Their last meeting took place two
daj? before the sailing of the ve3sel on
which Mr. Astor was to return to New
York, and for the last time the governor
asked him if he would accept any
present he made him. Mr. Astor, seeing
the anxiety [o? the governor, replied,
"yes." The governor, who was much affected
at parting with his old German
schoolmate, handed Mr. Astor two
papers, saying: "Take these, you may
tind their value." One of the documents
was aimplv a Canton price-cxuxenfc. The
other was a carefully engrossed permit
or parchment, authorizing the ship that
boro it to trade freely knd without molestation,
at any of th'3 ports monopo1
ized fcy-ths- E-safc l^d^Oompany^- Mr.
Astor returned to New York, without
giving the documents a second thought.
He had u.o ships and never had any trade
with the East Indies, and at that time
never expected to have. He then, of
course, little imagin ed that the parchmeut
would be the foundation of vast
shipping operations and a trade amountin^
t-n millions of dollars and embracing
the Pacific Ocean.
The permit was No. 68. On arriving
homo Mr. Astor showed the docn'ment
to his wife, and asked her advice, and
he always did in all matters relating to
his business, as to what disposition he
should make of them. "I have no
ahips ; it is no use to us," he said. At
chat time there was in New York a
merchant named James Livermore, who
was largely engaged in the West Indian
trade, particularly with Jamaica. He
owned several vessels, some of them a
good size, and Mrs. Astor advised her
i husband to go and have a talk with him.
Mr. Astor went, showed the East India
Company ship pass and the Canton
prices cnrrent. "Now," said he, "if yon
will make up a voyage for one of your
largest ships, yon can have the pass
and the prices cnrrent on one condition:
Yon are to furnish ship and cargo, but
I am to have one-half of the profits for
my pas3 and for suggesting the voyage."
The West India merchant laughed at
the proposition, and would not listen
to such a one-sided operation. Mr.
Astor returned home, reported progress,
and for a time the matter rested. Mr.
Livermore, however, thought it over.
At that time no vessels traded to Canton
from New York. The Revolutionary
war had j ast ended, and the East
India ports were as hermetically sealed
to American commerce as if it had not
existed. Only a few weeks elapsed before
Mr. Livermore called at Mr. Astor's
store and asked: "Were you in
earnest the other day when you showed
me the pass of the East India Company
r
J.T- -
"1 was never more so, was me i
prompt reply, and again they talked
over the matter. Sir. Livermore finally '
thought he saw his way clear, and an
agreement was signed by which Air.
A.stor was to receive one-half the profits,
and Mr. Livermore to fnrnish vessel
and cargo. The ship was selected and
loaded partly with specie, Spanish
milled dollars, abont $30,000 ; and the
other half was ginseng, a root some
what resembling licorice, which is highly
? *? 3 . ? i? it. rn.
vaiuea as a meuicme uj iiie uaiuese,
and lead and scrap iron. The ship
sailed for Canton, and the pass enabled
her to anchor at "Whampoa, a few miles
below that city, and she loaded and unloaded
her cargo the same as if she had
been a vessel belonging to the East
Endia Company. The ginseng, which
cost twenty cents per ponnd in New
York, was suld for $3.50 per ponnd in
Canton. The lead and scrap iron also
bronght enormons prices. The vessel
was then loaded witn tea and sola in
New York at SI per pound profit on
cost in Canton. "When.the return cargo
was sold and the accounts make ont,
Mr. As tor's half share, which was $55,000
all in silver, was packed in barrels
and sent up to the store. When Mrs.
Astor saw the barrels she asked what
was in them. " The fruits of our East
India pass," replied her husband. Mr.
Aster got his pass back, bought a ship,
loaded with an assorted cargo, and dispatched
her to Canton. On" her voyage
out she touched at the Sandwich Islands
to take in water and fresh provisions,
anrl ftlorofl fifn/Vlr nf firp.nxiwas nlsn
taken on hoard. On the arrival of the
vessel at Canton, a Mandarin came on
board, and noticing the fuewood, immt
diately anked the price of it. The
captain laughed at such a question, "but
signified that he was open for an offer
The Mandarin offered ?500 a ton and it
was all sold at that price. That was
sandal-wood.. For seventeen years Mi.
Astor ecjoyed the lucrative sandal-wood
trade without a rival. No other concern
in the United;States or Europe knew
the secret, ane>it was only discovered
when a shrewd jJoston iship owner detailed
a ship to follow ofle cf Mr. Astor's
and observe the eventsi of the voyage.
Then for some time t&at house was a
participant in the trade J Ca.pt. "Whet ten
coinnanded one of M* Astor's ships,
and he mairied the <|&ptain's sister.
Mrs, Astor imew more jabout the value
of furs than did her husband, and she
could select a cargo for the Canton
market and never make any mistake.
When they became very wealthy she
demanded, as an expert, $500 an hour
for using her judgment and knowledge
of fur to promote his commercial plans;
and he paid her whatever she asked.
>*ew York Pawn Shops.
Ia former years the habitations of
Gotham's money-lenders were clnstered
in Chatham street and the Bowery, says
a New York letter to the Texas Siftings :
As the island became more popnlons
the emblem of the three gilded balls
was found pendant, here and there, far
np the East and West side avenues.
Pawnbroking in the hands of shrewd
and thrifty men, is a good business.
Fortunes are made not quickly,
but surely. One of our traditional
names is Simpson. Net to have known
Simpson is synonymous with freedom
from impeenniosity. I have been well
treated by Simpson in my " time," and
he's held careful "watch" over it for
months together. The largest capitaliof
i-r* TMn-n/iinol TCTQTr la
best known as a lender on pledges. He
amassed soild wealth in a little dingy,
brick tenement on Chatham street, near
the City Hall park. And it's really
marvelous how much business "my
uncle" can do in a single year. There
is a leading establishment here that received
in the twelve months prior to yesterday
no less than 870,000 pawned
articles, on which over two million dollars
were advanced. This house has
branches in Paris, London and Vienna.
i Anr AAA
a very ordinary enop win loan $zo,uuu
a monih on preferred merchandise. Of
course the big profits accrue from unredeemed
pledges. The law requires
that the security for a broker's loan
must be held at least one year. It is
calculated that hardly a tenth of the
tickets are ever seen again by the
brokers that issue them. For a long
time a prominent window advertisement
at Simpson's was an elegant goldmounted
sword which had been voted
bv Concrress to one of our naval heroes.
After his death, trouble came upon the
family, and its treasured heirloom went
for bread. What an unwritten history
in the distress that prompted the sacrifice
of this inscribed relic of a father's
bravery and his country's pride ! Well
do I remember a similar case. A man,
honorable and honored, failed in business
during one of our monetary upheavals.
One by one his household
luxuries were pawned or sold. Among
other prized articles and comforts was
a superb dinner set of solid silver. It
had been presented to him by the Ma
sonic fraternity in recognition of his
integrity and services as a grand treasurer.
I tell you, my dear sifters, a
proud man will fight adversity at terrible
odds and bo crippled nigh unto
death ere he will part with such tangible
proof of his brother's esteem. But
solid, silver, ornamental^ chasings and
scrolled resolutions are baubles and
mockeries when wife and children are
stinted for food. So the pawn-shop becomes
a repository for needles and anchors,
and clocks and pianos, and heartrugs
and diamonds, accordeons and
pistols, cassimere trousers and seal-skin
dolmans, kid gaiters and dress shirts,
overcoats and under-garments, brass
instruments and what not. Volumes
have been printed about our theaters
and lyric temples, but the inside history
of Manhattan's great original spout
shops" will never be slung into type.
Advancing IhrongL Sad Periods.
Evidently man has a nature which
needs to eat not a little of the bread of
adversity. If not every individual need
do this the race must cave mucn 01 mis
food, that there may be a certain drift
of thought and feeling for each member
of the family of man. Not all must
be wounded by assassins or smitten
with disease or early death, but there
must be enoagh of these griefs to touch
all hearts and fill all eyes with tears.
Personally you may have suffered no
great affliction, but the ills of others
have always incompassed you, and you
have been modified by the convulsions
of the surrounding scene. You may
have wept little, but you have seen
tears; not having died you may have
seen the marble face; so that in some
deep sense the adverse winds of life
have blown over all souls, and as a result
civilized man stands to-day the
embodiment of much humility and
pathos! His natural vanity is rebuked,
his language is made more musical, the
tones of his voice are lowered and
sweetened, and his steps will turn to
save the life of a worm. His love and
friendehiD are made more powerful, not
only by ills that once passed along, but
by ills that may make a sudden return.
As the storm drives doves into a flock
and makes them seek shelter together,
so have past and coming trials hurried
the group of mortals to join hands for a
common fate. It is said mothers love
most tenderly some sickly or disfigured
child. The principle is deeper than
this incident. ?&rth lias maruea some
misfortune npon us all, and we all love
each otheT more deeply because our
world is not a paradise by any means,
but a land where pity is so needed that
it is called divine. Thus what the
atheist and stoic call the cruelties of nature
are for the most part only a method
of transforming the dust of the earth
into sensitive and appreciative soil.
I The Press.
Every intelligent citizen, says an exchang
e, acknowledges the power of the
pres3. Every public enterprise appeals
to the press for support, and it
seldom fails to secure it if it deserves it.
The modern newspaper is itself a public
institution, an d4therefore sympathizes
with all others. It is not subject to
the narrow and rigid rules whicb
apply to merely private callings,
but to the broad and enlightened
principles springing out of its relation
to the public, and its duty
to the people in the collection and publication
of information relating to their
interests, Tbe ousiness or journalism
is no longer a mere incident to the
printer's trade. It has become a great
learned profession, with honored fraternal
organizations similar to medical
societies and bar associations. The
newspaper is the great educator of the
masses of the people. It visits them
from week to wee?, induces them to
read, and compels them to think. The
intelligence of a family can be judged
by the number and character of newspapers
taken and paid for by it. The
man who reads a newspaper is a citizen
of the world. He feels an interest in
the people of all lands, for their doings
are brought home to his door. He rejoices
with them in their fortunes and
sympathizes witn tnem in tneir misfortunes.
A good newspaper is next to
the Bible in ennobling mankind.
The newspaper is also the great
agent of progress and reform. Abuses
do not reform themselves. The newspapers
bring them to the attention of
the public opinion as often as it proclaims
its imperious decrees. This
glorious nation is blessed with a free
press, and as long as it remains free
from official censorship the liabilities of
the people are safe. Usurpation and
tyranny cannot prevail against a free
press.
The wife of a West End man *as re
cently correcting a little son at the
f . . . ?l. - - A- ?
table. "ie isn c mce If B&J iaoouo j
darling," said the mother, "you must
say 'molasses.'" "And if yon want it
right bad, my son," suggested the father
eating his turnip greens with his knife,
"yon must say 'morelasses,' "?Denver
i Tribune.
' "<4r . : '
f OR THE FAIR SEX.
A StartliDC Costume.
We trust that none of our Americar
belles will follow the latest freak oi
fashion exhibited at the races at Nice by
a facinating Parisian actress. This adventurous
young lady appeared on the
course in a toilet of light colored Sicilienne,
embroidered in a most artistic
majircr TTifli Ufa CITO/I arMntrod
round the skirt. The bodice was plain,
with paniers, and at the back the material
was so draped that two tabbies
came face to face, and seemed to be engaged
in mauling each other in the
most improved back-yard fashion. The
effect was startling, to say the least, and
Wfft f n +A OO TT +T-* O f + k*? A TTTfl/i?AH TITrtO
wc v^ULULO i/W onj u.ux?u UJUO ncaici >T*AO
eminently snccessfnl in creating a sensation.
How Japanese Women Wear Their Hair.
My new friend, the teacher, writes a
correspondent in Japan, was a widow,
and meant never to marry again. But
yon say how aid yon know, when yon
conldn't talk together ? I know by her
hair. If is a sc&nce in Japan-^this
stndy of doing np the hair. The age
and sex of a baby may be known by the
tnfts in the back of the neck, or the ring
around the crown, or the bnnch leff in
front while all the rest is shaved. A
girl of 8 or 9 has her hair made np into
a bow on the back and * wound around
with red crape, while the front is shaved
bare and bangs dangle at the sides. A
young lady combs her hair in front and
arranged as a butterfly on the back of
her head, and plumaged with gold or
silver cord and gay hairpins of gilt
balls. A married woman must keep the
waterfall style, while a widow who is
willing to think of matrimony wears
her hair tied and twisted around a long
shell hair pin placed horizontally across
the back of her head. But when a widow
firmly resolves never to change her
liooiic oguuu. one v^uua vjix uui u<ui ouviu
in the neck and combs it back without
any part. This is the way my new friend,
the teacher, wore hers.
Shoes.
Take the most recent fashion of
shoes. The heel of the human being
projects outward, or rather backward,
and gives fcteadiness to "the sure and
certain step of men." But fashion has
decided that the heel of the boot or
shoe shall get as near the center of the
instep as possible. Instead of the
weight of the body resting upon an
arch, in the modern fine lady it rests
nnnn with the tofts in front.
which have to prevent the body from
toppling forward. Them the heel is
so high that the foot rests upon the peg
and the toes, and the gait is about as
elegant as if the lady were practicing
walking npon stilts. In order to poise
the body on these two points a bend
forward is necessitated, which is regarded
as the correct attitude of the "form
divine." It is needless to say that
there are few ankles which can stand
this strain without yielding; and it is
quite common to see young ladies walkftl
Ar> V? f Uai*! or>V1na f rrn cj< irift oil
ax\/ug VTlbU txxcxx tuiAigg tniouug uxi
ways, or perhaps with the sole of their
shoe or boot escaping from tinder the
foot and the side of the heel in contact
with the gronnd. With snch modern
improvements on sandals?which allow
the feet perfect freedom and play?the
present mademoiselle when she attempts
to run is a spectacle at which
tfiui gods?well, nei- quite tnat, oat at
which her mother might well weep.?
Good Words.
Hosiery and Glove*.
Hosiery is costly and beautiful enough
to please the most fastidious. The
favorite styles this season are quite
dark and black, even worn with the
brightest colors. It is said that stockings
and gloves must match. Some
rvnrfl orarnAf. fiilk fifcnr:kino'3 arfl orna
mented on the sides, reaching quite
above the ankle, with an insertion of
finest point lace edged with white
embroidery. Some styles of raw silk of
dark wine and deep blue colors are
embroidered with gold and silver thread
j Some lace like open-worked black silk
I stockings are elaborately embroidered
j in old gold silk. A great deal of intricate
hand work covers these objects of
luxury. Some exquisitely flue lisle
I " 3 J -I t ? J
j inreaa siocfiiagsuave upcu luut? ucstgjuo
on th9 instep and are also embroidered.
The variety in reds includes the peculiar
red of copper, the red-brown of the
wallflower, dregs of wine, and all glowing
wine colors, dahha and maroon.
Finest qualities of ballbriggans imitate
the more costly styles. Children's
hosiery simply duplicates those already
described.
Long lace strings or brides are more
fashionable on bonnets than ribbon
stiings.
Crepe broche in all shades of color,
pure white and cream, are used in trimming
bonnets.
Lace and gauze brocade in lace designs
for millinery purposes are brought
UUO XJJL ^uauuuxgc.
Prevailing styles in silks are rich brocades,
moires in antique styles, and
satin striped and brocade striped moires.
The Robespierre collar, in pale tints
of satin, overlaid with pearl-beaded
open-worked chennile netting, grows in
popularity.
Anne of Austria belts, thickly studded
with beads, pearls and semi-precious
gems of every color, are worn with
costly evening toilets.
Red cloth is nsed under white drawn
lace-work cloths to show the pattern of
the work.
Put a few drops of ammonia in the
water you bathe "your hands in to prevent
perspiration,
The looking-glass beads used in millinery
are toned down with cpaline,
iridescent, and milky pearl effects that
modify the glitter.
The history of gloves and glove
making is like all things in human life
and eocietv?an exceedingly interesting
matter to look into and thoroughly
trace, but the extraordinary "hand
shoes" produced within the last year or
two should be condemned by women of
taste and good sense. The perfaction
of a glove is its smoothness and delicate
elasticity, its unexceptionable fit. While
ugly colors and incongruous materials
An i-i/i/vnnf. Q {-.lua tasffi in these
modern days of lnxury; the coarse
chamois skin, the wash-leather loDg
gloves, never qnite clean, always
wrinkles, always ungraceful, it is
sincerely hoped will be abandoned this
6eaeon. It is a stnpid thing to follow
blindly a fashion set by a woman who
desires to hide an ugly, bonev arm and
wrist.
Fashion Notes.
Get watered silk to combine with your
black cashmere.
The favorite. millinery lace is tiie
oriental or moresque.
There is a threatening revival of gros
grain as a dress fabric this season.
Gentlemen wearing mourning dress
should use blacti-eyed stationery.
The Mother Hubbard cape reaches
low on bust, but not to the waist line.
Black nun's veiling and grenadine
dresses will be appropriate in the spring.
Colored Spanish lace appears on manj
of the Paris trimmed hats for spring
, wear.
Artificial facetted glass beetles, coc
cinellas, dragon flies, and butterflies
; appear as ornaments on the first impor.
tationa of Paris bonnets.
The most elegant white wash dresset
of the coming summer will be of liner
lawn and sheer linen cambrics, soft as
Indian muslin and almost as transparent.
Manila and Panama braids are again
\ in vogue ; but English Dunstables and
: split straws and Milan braids form the
largest part of the first importation of
" spring millinery.
Fourages or draped cord trimmings
^ can be bought at the trimming stores in
colors to suit the new cheviots. Gilbert
cloth, flannels, and other woolen goods
for early spring suits.
Mustard yellow china silk pajamas,
dotted with small circles of navy blue,
i are the latest novelties in these goods,
i seen in some of the best houses in the
furnishing departments.
Cheviot, cloth, and velveteen suits,
when tailor made, are frequently made
more dressy by fourages or draped cords
across the, front of the basque, and
sometimes down the skirt or other parts
of the dress.
The queen of the Belgians is a good
nraflfcieal bonnet-maker. Her nets hav
ing recently pulled to pieces the hat of
the Princess Clementine's music teacher,
the queen and: her daughter made the
hat much handsomer than it was before.
A plain Jer3ey basque, with a skirt
- 'trimmed across theftont with puffs and
Spanish lace frills alternating, also a
puffed panier and a fall back drapery,
will be the best design for your black
silk dress that must be worn in the
summer.
A gentleman's full-dres3 suit for a
wedding is a biacJi ciotn swano y-mi
coat, black cloth vest?not a white one
?and black doeskin pantaloons. For
the traveling stiit he might use a
Cheviot suit, or else his morning coat
of black cloth, vest to match, and dark
gray trousers.
A stylish model for a spring hat, in
the "Queen Mab" shape, is made of
amber-colored straw, with cascades of
gold lace veiling, a wreath of mignonettes
and chenille mess rose-buds of a
deep crimson. Inside the hat is faced
with crimson shirred satin, with a
narrow band at the extreme edge of
amber beads.
Kentucky's Mammoth Care.
One's general idea of a cave is that of
an open space under ground, or in a
mountain side. Mammoth Cave is made
up of passages, avenues and tortuous
crooks rather than of vast open spaces.
You can take the short route (seven
miles), to be done in two hours, the
long (sixteen miles), to be done in four,
or the combined, to be done in from
five to twelve or more. "We chose the
combined. There are avenues down
which one could drive a coach and four
if fairly cleared up on the floor. There
are places that are mere cracks, justly
named " fat man's misery," " tall man's
abasement," and ' corkscrews." Here
is the River Stvx, Lake Lethe and Echo
river, running under an arch so low
that a little iise in the water renders
passage impossible. Sometimes it rises
unexpectedly and leaves parties in the
dark beyond the arches unable to return
till the water subsides. I saw the eyeless
fish of these dark rivers; their principal
nse in this world being to serve
Dr. Bushneil for an illustration in his
sermon on " the extirpation of unused
faculties."
Here and there amid these .long pass
aces are ouen spaces called "domes,"
o " ' w "AT
where the water-carved rocks rise
ninety, or a hundred* or a hundred and
thirty feet from the floor. When these
places are lighted np by the brilliant
Bengal lights they are both weird and
grand. The variety of formations in
this cave surpasses anything I have
ever witnessed. In most caves the
stalactite and stalagmite systems are
easily understood, but the lower ends
are delicately grooved in various directions,
by what process it is impossible
to imagine. Intermingled with these
bam-like figures are variously-sized
guttae, as delicately cut as those of the
Greeks on the Parthenon.
In some parts of the cave the gypsum
has crystallized into snow-balls that
glitter over the whole roof; in other
places there are delicate flowers, some
eight inches in diameter. The stalactite
pillars are comparatively few, but
exceedingly curious, in one piace
half a dozen form a kind of bower in
which, four couples have been married.
The first bride had promised her mother
not to be married while she lived on the
earth. A, very foolish promise, and
this was her way to keep it, and also
get married.?Bishop Warren.
The Wliite House.
Its corner-stone was laid on the 13th
of October, 1792, under the superintendence
of Captain James Hobson, an
/3i*x^skf TinMin TTIIA
1X1MJI tUUIiibCV/Vj UUCV/u uwiM jy uviuij iimm
accepted the awaid of $500 (then
thought to be a large amount) for the
design.
Ee is buried in the Catholic cemetery
at Washington, and his descend
ants still live in that city.
The British -destroyed the building in
the year 1814, but it was rebuilt by
Captain Hobson, and was first opened
for the reception of visitors pn January
1. 1818.
The portion of four lofty columns on
the north side was added in 1829, during
the administration of President
Jackson.
It is a lofty building, two stories in
height, with a frontage of 108 feet and a
> depth of eighty-five feet. The vesti "
' ___ i. 3 H
Dole wiinin tne irons aoor is any jcci
long by foicy wide. The famous East
room, T-hich was furnished fifty years
ago, is eighty feet long, forty feet wide
and twenty-two feet high. Eight large
mirrors and three chandeliers of crystal
and silver adorn the room.
Tne wans are coverea wnu gray
paper, and the furniture is trimmed
with gray and maroon velvet. With
the exception of our public halls it is
the largest in the country, and for its
size is considered the handsomest
The President's office, which is in the
second story, and which is the Cabinet
room also, is not very large. It is
thirty-five or forty feet long and thirty
or forty feet wide, with a ceiling about
twenty feet high. In the middle of the
n i Iajiw cnrr/mn^fl'1 Tw
LLUKJL AO a ivug VMVAW j
leather seated chairs, long lambrequin
curtains of a dark, blaish-gray color
adorn the windows, and the carpet is of
a red tint, with large figures, and a
largo map of the United States is on
the wall.
"Washington is a government creation,
and the "White House is chiefly
memorable on account of the men who
| have lived in it. Every one of cur
! Presidents except Washington has rej
sided in this famous house. The
original cost of the building in 1792
was about $3^5,000, and tbe total cost
up to this time is about $1,800,0.x). ?
Golden Bays.
A Surprise Party Surprised.
There was a "surprise party" last Saturday
night in which the members of
the party were the ones who wt-re r articularly
surprised. Miss Esther G. is
a popular and charming young lady of
; Sc. Cimr street, and a party in her honor
and or her pleasant surprise was gotten
[ up by some friends. An enterprising
yoang gentleman who was not invited,
but who is quicK at expedients, invited
' j the young lady to accompany him to
the theaier. He called for her at 7.30
o'clock, and a half-hour later the com
pany appeared. Of course tbey failed
to find Miss G at borne, and three and
" a-half hours of a dreary, monotonous
1 wait ensned, and by the time the recip'
ient of the "fcurprise"' arrived, Sunday
was so close at hand that the festivities
} were brief. Thus did the young man
i who was le:t in tne coiu, ireeze ou? nii'
adversariea,?Cleveland Hercdd.
Fights Among Seals. ,
About the first of June the seals seek
the breeding-grounds, or "rookeries,**
as they are called. The bulls come
first, and there is a constantly sustained
fight between the first comers and the
succeeding ones for advantageous positions
on the ground. Those that come
first are best served. It seems to be a
well-understood principle among fcheia
that each one shall remain undisturbed
on nis ground, wmcn is usuaiiy sooat
six to eight feet square, provided that
from the start until the arrival of the
females he can hold the ground against
all comers. It often happens that one
able-bodied seal, having first arrived %
and exhausted himself by fighting
early and late, is finally driven by a
fresh animal back further and higher on _ Jg
the rookery. Mr. Elliot marked ore
veteran at Gorbatch, who was the first
one to take up his position early in
May, and that position, as usual,
directly at the water line. This* male seal
had fought at least forty or fifty
desperate battles, and when the fight- ^
ing season was over he was still there, J*
covered with scars and -Mghtftdiy/
cashed: rawLfastericsr and bloody!
eye gouged out, but lording it bravely
over his females, who were huddled
together oil the same spot of his first
location, around him. The fighting
between the males?for the females
never fight?is done entirely with the
mouth. Mr. Elliott says : *
"They usually approach each other
with comically averted heads, jast as
though they were ashamed ol tne
rumpus they are determined to participate.
When they get near enough to
reach one another they enter upon the
repetition of many feints and passes
before either one or the other takes the
initiative by gripping. The heads are
darted out and back as quick as a flash.
Their hoarse roaring and shrill pip4*ig_ l
whistle never ceases, while their fat ;r-l
bodies writhe and swell with exertion
and rage; furious lights gleam in their
eyes; their hair flies in the air, and
their blood streams down; all combined
makes a picture so fierce and so strange
that, from its unexpected position and
ir<s noveiry, is peraaps one ox me mveu
extraordinary brutal contests man can
witness."?Boston Globe.
Detained bj Business.
"You were ont late last night, dear,"
said Mrs. Breezy, taking her seat at the
breakfast table and fumbling nervously
with her fork. ;
" Oh, no," saidMr. Breezy, " it wasn't
late. You see, darling, you "were asleep - 'M:
when I came in?"
? Mr. Rrppr?. T was not asleeix
but as you say it was not late. Nothing
will convince you that the clock struck
3 as you closed the hall door. Of
course business detained you, my dear.
It is wonderful how mnch business a \ jfM
man will find to transact after
midnight, but of course we women
know nothing about such things.
We can never understand you men;
can we, dear? We are always
imagining all sorts of horrible things
when yon happen to stay away a day or
two without sending us a line. Women
are so nervous, are they not, dear ?
What silly creatures we are, to be
sure. If we would only go to bed "?2;
and go to sle^p it would save us a
world of trouble, wouldn't it? We
might know that you great, strong men
can take care of yourselves. If jou ?
are obliged to sit up until 2 or 3
o'clock in the morning talking business
with your casiomers, is is really i
ungrateful in us to complain, for of
course you have the worst of it, don't
you, darling? How it must have
bothered you, and now sirea yon muss
get, and thiDk it is for onr sates. When
you come tottering home so tired thafc
you can hardly get upstairs, and -it
throw yourself on the bed without even
the strength to remove your boots, we
should appreciate your devotion in thus
laboring to .support us. Now, last
night, dear, when you stumbled
over the rocking chair and
found yourself obliged to cling to the
headboard to support your weary form,
you presented a really sad example of
the overworked husband and fathfi.
When your shattered nerves caused you
to upset my fresh bottle of cologne and
scattered the contents of my work
basket over the floor, you really looked
the typical martyr of married life. Of
course too tired and worn out with that
horrid customer to remember anything."
The Keason Why.
Many years ago, when a certain place
in Texas was a very small town, quite a
number of prominent citizens went out
<vn a hrmtin.or fixnedition. One night.
when they were all gathered around~the
camp fire, one of the party suggested
that each man should give the time and
reason for his leaving his native State
and coming to Texas, whereupon each
one in turn told his experience. Judge
Blank had killed a man in self-defense;
Gen. Soando had forged another man's
signature to a check, while another came
to Texas on account of having two wives.
The only one who. did not make any
disclosures was a sanctimonious-looking
old fellow who, although a professional
gambler, was usually called "parson."
"Well, parson, are you ready to tell
no urViv v/in l?sffc TTAntnefeV 7*
"-J J ^
"I don't care to eay anything about
it. Besides, it was only a trifle. None
of you would believe me, anyhow."
"Come, now, old boy, out with it.
Did you shoot any one V
"No, gentlemen, I did not Since
you want to know so bad, I'll tell you. I
left Kentacky because I did not build
a church." . .
Deep silence fell upon the group. No
such excuse for coming to Texas bad
been heard of before. An unexplained
mystery was evidently at the bottom of
it. The "parson" was called upon to
furnish more light.
"You don't believe me V
"No, but we are trying to. Suppose
you illuminate your church ?"
"Well, gentlemen it happened just
this wav. A concrecation raised thirty
thousand dollars and gave it to me to
build a church?and I didn't build their
church." i||?
The Game of Rhymes.
The game of rhymes may be made
quite amusing, if the company of young
folks who play it exercise ingenuity.
Oae of the company thinks of a word
rhyming with another word which he
mentions. The aim of the party is to
?*-.Vio+ +v>? flmriiriifc of can lie.
Li coo vuv ?v. ?v-n ?
The rnle is that no one should give a
name to what they guess, but describe
it instead, and each of the company in"
turn is entitled to a question. Sup? ose
the word thought of is "bag," rhyc ing
wi h "tag," then the questions would be
put as follows:
"Is it a necessary part of a bootlace ? *
"No, it is not a tag."
"Is it the name of a horse V
"No, it is not a nag."
"Is it tbe name of a joker?"
"No, it is not a wag." .-Ji
"Is it the name of an elegant horned /
animal?"
"No. it is not a fta*."
"Is it the Srars and Stripes T*
' No, it is not a flag."
"Is it good to go to mill with ?"
j "Yes, it is a bag."
The aurochs, or wild oxen, which
survive only in the imperial forests of
Lithuania and Poland, threatened a
i few years ago, to become extinct, and
, strict orders were issued for their pre- pga
' j servation. Under imperial protection
' they have multiplied to about 600 head,
i' and a hunt was recently permitted near " aaa
i j Bielostok. Two aurochs were killed -^i&aSk
j and sept to St. Petersburg. zMWIrSm

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