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fA QUEER DKOYE,
How the Fn* Seals of the Behrlnir Sea
Currnled and Driven to the Killicz
The method followed by the natives
of St. Paul's and St. George's islands,
rvflf f.Tia A1
?uu utooaa WAOLOJ ii-i wuo
far seals, is curious. During the summer
season the seals frequent the shores
of these islands and gather on the
beach in vast numbers. The younger
male or bull seals are the only ones that
are killed, and they are found assembled
by themselves away from the breeeding
rookeries. The natives go down to the
beach in the early morning and quietly
surround a group of 100 or more seals,
getting between them and the water.
The seals are then alarmed with shouts
and cries, and terrified, flee inland
along the only way left open. They
are driven in this way to the killing
place near the village on the shores of
the island. Driving them is a very easy
olf V?/\n rrV* foVfto
mm?m ..q; MAk^vU^U iU UAA&3 UU^JLU OVyUlU
time te accomplish the distance; but
they blunder along, stimulated by the
cries of their captors. The old bull
seals that may be in the drove are apt
h to show fight, but if they do they are
f allowed to drop out of the crowd, as
their skins are worthless. The young
ones are as easy to drive as a flock of
The seals, when finally driven upon
the flats between the east landing and
the village, and almost under the win
dows of the dwellings, are herded there
until cool and rested. The drives are
usual 1 j made very early in the morning,
iiir. ?St the first breaking of day, which is
L30 to 2 o'clock of Jane and July of
these latitudes. They arrive and cool
off on the slaughtering groands, so that
by 6 or 7 o'clock, after breakfast,
the able-bodied male population turn
out from the village and go down to
engage in the work of slaughter. The
men are dressed in their ordinary working
garb of thick flannel shirts, stout
cassimera or canvas pants, over which
the "tarbossa" boots are drawn. If it
rains, they wear their "kamlaikas"
made of the intestines and throats of
the sea lion and fnr seal. Thus dressed
they are armed with a club, a stout
been made particularly for the purpose
at New London, Conn., and imported
here for this special service. These
sealing clubs are about five or six feet
in length, three inches in diameter at
their heads, and the thickness of a
roan's forearm where they are grasped
by the hands. E-ich native also has his
stabbing knife, his skinning knife and
his whetstone. These are laid upon...
the grass convenient, whenths-wofk oi
bj&SiBg-efuisof&mg tSe seals down is
^ in progress. This is all the apparatus
which they have for killing and skin
"When the men gather for work thej
are under the coatrol of their chosen
foremen or chiefs; -usually on St. Paul,
divided into two working parties at the
village, and a sub-party at northeast
point, where another salt house and
slaughtering field is established.
At the signal of the chief the work of
the day begins by the men stepping
into the drove, corraled on the flats, and
driving out from it 100 or 150 seals at a
tima, make Wu&i they call a pod, which
they surround in a circle, huddling the
seals one on another, as they narrow it
down, until they are directly within
reach and under their clubs. Then the
chief, after he has cast his experienced
eye over the struggling, writhing kauticle
in the center, passes the word that
V 3 1- _ 1 V'Xi. 3 i.1 L
Buca aau suuu a iseiu is uiuien, uau Luaii
such and such a seal is too young, and
that snch and such a seal is too old.
The attention oE his men being called
to these points, he gives the "word
strike, and instantly the heavy clubs
come down all around, and every one
that is eligible is stretched out stunned
and motionless in less time, really, than
I take to tell it. Those seals spared by
the chief now struggle from under and
over the bodies of their insensible companions
and pass, hustled off by the
na+.TVAA "Ka^Tr t,n rpa. Than tnA oar
casses are skinned, and the pelts pre*
pared for shipment.
The common or popular notion in regard
to seal skins is that they are worn
Jby those animals just as they appear
when offered for sale; that the fur seals
swim about, exposing the soft coat with
wh?ch our ladies of fashion so delight to
cover their tender forms during inclement
winter. This is a very great mistake.
Few skins are less attractive than
the seal skin when it is taken from the
creature. The fur is not visible; it is
concealed entirely by a coat of stiff
overhair, dull, gray, Lrown and griz
ziecL is ta&es ?nree oz tnem to mase a
lady's sacque and boa. Fitting them
for the market is a tedious, costly process,
requiring great skill.
V- : As the summer "wanes the seals forsake
the islands, and old and ycnng
take to the sea, and it is supposed Bpend
their intervening months, until next
season, on the fishing banks of the
jp|: ' North Pacific.
Some yew Arithmetic.
I A merchant bought four barrels of
sugar, seven barrels of molasses and
two barrels of meal. Find what per cent,
of barrels he mixed with his coffee?
A beggar met two boys; one gave bim
seven cents and the other gave him
eight cents. Find the name of the
third boy who hit him in the ear with a
If one insect has six legs and another
insect has seven, how many hornets
? * * J- _ * n .1.1
does ic case to nic & dot out oi we oia
roan Sabin's orchard ?
In one field there are eight sheep; in
another field there are seven horses.
How many men will it require to properly
conduct a village dog-fight?
A county officer on a salary of $800
per year purchased two horses for $1,600;
a carriage for $4u0; a set of silver for
?200; four silk dresses for his wife at
i$6U eacn, ana played poser to ine time
of $180. How much did he save out of
his year's salary, and what is the county
going to do about it ?
If a young zaan owns a little cane, a
rat-and-tan dog, a pair of lavender pants,
three flash neckties, a frail mustache
and a flirtation handkerchief, what will
it cost to board six idiots at a first-class
hotel for a year ?
A bmeau weighing sixty-eight pounds
is to be carried up a flight of stairs
twelve feet high. What little power
must be exerted to the square foot to
get it half way up?
A._bureau weighing sixty-eight pounds
Kas'been tnsrsred half-wavtiD a flight of
stairs twelve feet high. "How fast"must
the old man travel to get to *he foot of
the stairs and take his boots off before
the old thing smashes him ?
Among the plajers in a poker-room
are three merchants, two alderman,
four clerks, two lawyers, one butcher
and one grocer. A raid is made by the
police and all are captored. Find how
many of them " dropped in to see about
I selling the poser man a norse.
A plumber is called upon to mend a
leak in a water pipe. He sends an employe
who surveys the leak; another
who conrts the servant-girl; a third who
has forgotten his accordion; a fourth to
look after the other three. He sends a
bill for $4.12. At this rate, how loDg
will it take the plumber to secure a
mortgage on the City Hall ?
A asks B for a loan of $5 until Saturday.
Six months later B reminds A
that he has not returned that " V" yet
A denies that he ever borrowed a red
cent of B. and offers to punch his head
lor msuisxng mm. uina wnat x> loses.
A tramp gets two kicks at one house,
^ a cold pancake at another, and a bite
from a dog at a third. How long will it
take him to get into the Work-house for
Thirteen Mexicans cro??s the Kio
Grande into the United States on a
pleasure excursion. They conclude to
invest in a drove of Texas cattle. Threenf
tT>o rmmhfiT toaae with acci
dents and remain permanently on this
file, while another fifth feeJ hurt about
gjLV something. What is the exact numbei
|??, of those who got home without feeling
Bpi tny thing in particular ??M. Quad.
Hp^" ' An exchange thinks no shares pays so
well as plovr-shares. This may be
PgS;. c rrect, but most people who hold
fe:i" shares won Id be willing to trade
em of? for bank sharer.
- , it '
THE BANS OF ENGLAND.
A JoarnnllBt Visits the Greatest Financial
Institution in the World.
In his notes on his recent English
tour.Howard Carroll,the New York journalist,
says: Thanks, too, to one of
these same policemen we may cross
safely through the mass of whirling and
rambling and rattling carriages from
the Royal Exchange, and "merchants'
walks," and the house of "Lloyds" to
ml. "I- mr 3 31. ?i ?
ins oiu iauy in j-nreaaneecue street,
so called by her London children, and
known to other people as the Bank of
England. Until some other corporation
can boast a capital greater than
?14,550,000 perhaps they may be permitted
to call their favorite, as they do
now, 'the richest old lady in the world.'
?ne Dans is a low, long structure, wmcn
coverg eight acres of ground, aDd in
which there are employed a thousand
persons, managers, clerks, messengers
and porters, whose combined salaries
amount to about ?225,000 a year. It is
a private corporation or business, not a
department of the government, as many
people suppose. It has existed, for
nearly 200 years, having been founded
in 1691 by a shrewd Scotchman named
William Patterson. Ab now arranged,
the business of the concern is managed
by a governor, deputy governor, and a
board of directors consisting of twentyfour
members. Of these eight go out
of office annually, but they may be and
generally are re-elected term after term.
It is stipulated that the governor must
be a proprietor of the bank stock to the
amount of ?4,000, and that the deputy
governor and directors shall own stock
a- ii i -? r?n t\r\c\ J r?."? ?
lu uie vaiue vi auu x:ospectively.
So well is the bank managed
th?t the dividend upon the stock
is seldom less than seven per cent., a
high Tate in England, and one share of
the par value oi ?100 can usually iind
ready sale for ?200. Aside from its
privilege of issuing notes payable on
demand?crisp, fresh, beautiful notes
they are, and good in all parts of the
civilized world-the Bank of England has
from tne government tne additional advantage
of beinjr allowed to manage the
national debt. To secure the note issue,
as may be stated by the way, there
is never less than ?15,000,000,and sometimes
as high as ?25,000,000, in gold
bars and silver, besides other securities,
in the bank vanlt. Every bar of the
gold weighs sixteen pounds and is
worth about ?800. To protect this
great treasure at night a company of
militia is employed. For the management
of the national debt, which now
anioiuitSLtojSSOO.OOO.OCO, the bank receives
?200^(KJD^vear, a comparatively
small commission wi*?JL.it is remembered
that out of it mast be paid the expenses
of keeping the mar.y accounts
connected with the colossal dei^. the
? 3-* 3 i. - -i- t 1 J .<l,?
pay id g ox aivxaeiioa iu its uoiucxo, c^c
collection of the income tar levied npon
it, and the transfer of stock.
And all this vast bnsiness, in addition
to the other affairs of the baak, is conducted
with so much system and care
that losses or error are almost unknown.
In the paying office,the telling-room and
the rotunda, millions upon milions are
handled every day, great heaps of gold
are shoveled about a3 though it -was so
much sand, and piles upon piles of
* 1 - - 3 J
oans-cotes ara counteu aau suiteu.
about with the rapidity of ihe wind.
Yet 30 well trained are the clerks, and
so delicate the weighing machinery,
that a light coin or a false no ;e is never
passed into the bank. That nothing is
stolen from it is due in great measure
to the vigilance ana fidelity of
tho3e quiet-looki.ig beadles who all
day long sit so silently at the doors.
As we pass out they are sleepy and
listless apparently as when we went in.
but lev. a suspicious character or a professional
thief enter, and their eyes will
^ Alii ?r* ir? a
never ieave mui uxi ixo ia iu wc o?iot?
again. In short it is no exaggeration
to say that the Bank of England is the
most carefully watched and guarded
money institution in the world.
A Lesson in Hamility.
I don't know as it is much of a story,
but the telling of it one hot May day
brightened us all up in a wonderful
We were discussing a wedding we had
attended that morning, and were criticising
the appearance of the bride,
when Aunt Gratia, who had been busy
at her sewing, asked:
fTH/l mn avat V> ?>? ? nf a weddinfr
where no one looked at the bride V
4'Such a thing would not be likely to
happen, unless it was at an asylum for
the blind, only patients admitted,"
"It might have been the couple who
were married under the window in
OUUILLkJ YVCaiUUi) Mbiu T UOt
"We never heard of such a thing.
Did you, Aunt Gratia? Was it a real
wedding, or is it only a conundrum ?"
"The wedding to which I refer was in
a church, and the seats were all filled,
for it was a general invitation. It was
a floral wedding. Being the seven
teenth of June there was no lack of material,
and as the Sabbath-school scholars
took the matter of decoration in
hand, there were plenty of helpers. The
huge wooden ark of the cone try meeting-house
was transformed into a bower
of beauty. The girls were all dressed
in white gowns looped up with roses,
t *? ? 1.1?
as a me dojb wore ruses m wio uun?uholes
of their vests. Every guest cairied
a bouquet, the old people and all,
and children scattered flowers in the
briaes's pathway as she walked from tier
childhood's home near by the church.
There had never been such a display in
that town before, and it wasn't done tor
style at all, but just because everyone
loved t he minister's daughter and wanted
to have a finger in her marriage pie;
but after all this parade no one looked
at the bride."
Aunt Gratia smiled, and went on complacently
with her sewing, while we all
broke in afresh:
"Did a sudden darkness cover the
"Perhaps there was a prevailing eyedistemper
at the time."
"Did eome fan-loving youngsters
throw pepper in the eyes of the guests V
"Oh, I know! Something happened
at. fTia -porv fthnrnh dnor to Dfevent the
ceremony being performed. How romantic
''Wrong, all of yon," said Annt Gratia.
"It was as perfect a June day a3 ever
slipped into the abyss of time. Every
one was open-eyed with eager expectancy.
And the ceremony came off according
to the programme. I know, for
I was there myself and heard every
' 'Oh, Aunt Gratia! how can you be
' Do tell us, aunt, we give it up."
J So the dear old lady, having threaded
her needle, took up the story again.
11 When the bridal party were entering
the church, and the organ was playing
a wedding march, a low, clear,
cniiQisa voice pipeu. up.
"Oh, do just look at that mouse right
on the pulpit cushion 1"
"Everybody heard it and looked; and
everybody felt obliged to keep watch,
for they all knew the silly little bride
was mortally afraid of a mouse, and they
imagined the consternation should the
bright-eyed nibbler jump or fall upon
her bare white shoulders and arms as
she stood there almost exactly beneath
him. The little thing behaved with all
possible decorum, however, in spite of
their forebodings, and after the holy
words had been spoken which made the
young conple one for life, the mnsic
8truck Tip and the mouse ran back along
the railing and into his hole in the
"Oh, dear me !w
"How funny; and you saw it, aunt T
"No, I didn't; I had something more
important to attend to."
"Oh, Aunt Gratia, it was your own
wedding, was it not?"
"Yes, dears; and it was a lesson in
humility to me that I have always remembered;
for there, when I had every
reason to consider myself the center of
attraction, and was as self-conscious as
possible, I found afterward in this most
important event of my life I was entirely
eclipsed in the eyes of all my acquaintances
by a tiny long-tailed mouse."
Chicago has the largest Hebrew population
of any other city of equal numbers
in the world.
j Life in China.
J Family ties, blood-relationship, and
filial respect and affection are strong in
I China. The father is not held responsi!
ble for his son's debts, bnt the sen is
responsible for the debts of his father,
j He is botind to support his father, if
! necessary, until he gets married and
| has a family of his own to support. If
i he abuses his father?and even should
j the latter become dissipated and seem
i to deserve it?the law punishes him,
I and not only is he punished, but his
; neighbors living on all sides of him are
fined, for not interfering and preventing
the ill treatment.
There are no newspapers in China.
Every town has its market, and two
markets are held daily?morrfng and
evening. All events of impo-tazse are
bulletined in the markefc-plac: every
day at the expense of the municipality.
There is no mail system in China. If
a man wishes to write to a friend in a
j distant place, he mnst wait until he
| finds some one going to that place, and
intrust his letter to him for delivery,
in such service there is no surety^ of j
the letter reaching its destination. This
Is realized bj Chinamen in this conn try,
who get only a very few of the letters
sent them by their friends, while their
letters in turn frequently miscarry.
There are no liquor saloons in China.
The people drink spirits made from
rice, as well as gin, and, among the
wealthy, wines, liquors, brandies, etc.,
are nsed; but this use of spirits i3 mcBtly
during meal time. Tippling is tinknown
in China. If a man wants to
drink, he can buy his liquor at the grocery
store and take it to his house for
use'. No license to sell is required.
Any dealer can sell it freely. During'
my stay of eleven months in that country,
says a writer, I did not see ai.
Rice, meats of various kinds, poultiy,
and fisb, are the staple food. A man
can live on fifteen cents a day in China
?twelve for meats and three for rice.
All classes use rice, which is the main
article of food in the kingdom.
There is no such thing as courting
among young people in China. The
bride and bridegroom never see each
other until they are about to become
man and wife. Their courting is all
done by their parents. Let us suppose
that you have a son and I a daughter
of marriageable age, and we are friends.
TT 1-11 4.^
| iuu wu iu? buaii juu wituii iaj %rvua
I eon married, and ask if I am willing to
! give my daughter to him. I say yes, I
have seen your son and like him, but
you have not seen my daughter. Bat
you hire a female broker to go and
inspect my (laughter, which she does
for a consideration. Indeed, this is a
regular business, and many make a good
living out of it. She visits my house,
sees and talks with my daughter, finds
that her feet are eo small that she can
hardly walk?that absurd custom of
deforming the feet is still very prevalent
in China?and returns and makes a most
flat:ering-report. Then you and I come
together, and I sive you a written paper
embodying my consent to the union,
while you, in like manner, signify yonr
approval, and give me the paper signed
by yon, and the engagement is completed.
You then cause a great number
cf sweet cakes to be sent to my
daughter from your son, and these are
given around to our friends as an announcement
of the betrothal of our
daughter. The marriage itself may not
take place for a month, six months or a
I year after the engagement, according
to agreement. There is no religious
ceremony of marriage in China. A
friend of the bridegroom's family?
nsnallv a man of resoectabilit? and do
sition?is chosen, who reads the marriage
ceremony from a book, which
binds the couple; who, before that time,
had been strangers to one another, 1;o
live together during life. It is rare indeed
that these marriages turn out unhappily.
Recognizing the Criminals.
While in their earlier days the Australian
colonies were far from a paradise
to the incorrigible convict, that period |
was, on the other hand, the golden age
of British convict life to those who
had the sense to recognize their opportunities.
To-day a man emerges from
the great penal servitude prisons of
Milbank, Dartmoor or Portland with
the world all before him, bnt very far
from being able to choose what he will
do in it. In fact, unless the Prisoners'
Aid society comes to his assistance, he
is in great danger, however well intentioned,
of relapsing into crime from
sheer want. But the ticket-of-leave
man thirty yeare ago found an active
demand for his services. A comfortable
maintenance was within reach of aB,
' ' 1 i--* 3 U1- J
Willie many ODiameu cunsiuerttuie anu
some even great wealth. But to a
"lifer," however successful, there was
a forbidden paradise. He must not return
" home.'-' This prohibition became,
some thirty years ago, intensely
bitter in the otherwise sweetened cup
of a notorious criminal. All the joys c>f
life became as nothing when this was
denied him. He offered the government
to pay $500,000 fine for a remission
of nis sentence, but was informei
mat outs ^(jvexiiuiciiu iuu uui sou par dons.
At length, so intense became his
longing to revisit former scenes, tha t
he started for home without leave.
Over twenty years had elapsed, and he
felt coiiuaced that no one who would
" pescb" ""onld recognize him, and
findir / one seemed to do so he
grew JlV ? . 1 resolved to " have his
fling. S he /ent down to the Ascot
races a .ouche and four. By some
misch:-^- nis postilions madeablui
der and got into the way of the royei
cortege jost as it was coming at-the
course. The gray-haired inspector c-f
police "rode up to s^t matters
straight, and his eyes met tnose of the
ex-convict with that glance of recognition
which says: f< I've seen yon before,
old boy, and under very unpleasant
circumstances, too/' He was, in
fact, the very constable who, five and
twenty ye irs before, had arrested him.
The ex-convict did not stay to see the
races, and was back at Sydney to report
himself, as he had to do once a
year in due time. The case has been
recalled by the excellent memory d
*? " -3? .1 _ P XT T7.^T_ U
judge JBeueaiCDj 01 ixew a oris., wuu,
equally to the surprise of the secret
service officers and of the prisoner
recognized Daniel Eossa, convicted for
counterfeiting, as one of a gang convicted
before him for the same offense
seventeen years ago, when $30,003 of
counterfeit was captured.
A Bottle's Long Yoyage.
In the autumn of 1879, the young
son of M. de Bille, the Danish minister
to the United States, on a voyage from
Copenhagen to the Sandwich Islands,
threw overboard in the Atlantic ocean a
Dot lie CCUULLLU1K a IV mo
brother-in-law, an officer in the Danis h
navy, then stationed at St. Thoma:;.
The bottle?an ordinary soda-water
bottle, tightly corked?was set adriit
in the latitude of the Cape Verde
Islands, with no idea, of course, that it
wonld reach its destination. The experiment
being the mere fancy of an
idle moment, it was forgotten before
the voyage was over. Two years had
passed when last October, the Danish
of Pnor'rt "Plata Ran Tkrirrnncrrv
V/UUOU1 OU JL, UV.AVV Jb 4MbM) VMM. V ?-..Q^; |
Mr. G. A. Zeller, walking one day in !
his garden on the sea-shore, observed \
a bottle thrown up oa the beach by the ]
surf. He picked it np and fonnd thai; ]
it contained a message, the writing of j
which could still be read, though it wa s
mnch faded. Mr. ZeUer is a German j
and conld not read it himself, but nn- !
derstood the language well enough to \
know that it was Danish. Accordingly
he sent the bottle and its contents to :
the editor of & newspaper at St. Thomas
who happened to know the officer to
whom the letter was addressed, and |
who had not loug since returned to 1
Denmark, He sent it to his address in
Copenhagen, where it arrived a few ,
weeks ago. The bottle had been 1
carried by the Gulf Stream across the
neean to the West Indian islands, about I
2 500 miles.
Said the leader of the train-robbers as !
he boarded the Pnilman car: "Don't:
disturb the passengers, bnt seize the i
porter. He's got all the money in the j
, crowd by this time!" I
- r -r.? i
" *' _ ^ " * ? *a Rota Orf??
liow me r o 11 o w i u ? m s ^-ui? .? ?? - - ?? .
Hurrah.?This word, which is eo :
frequently shouted, in this country e - j
pecially, originated among the Eastern i
nations, where it was used as a war-cry, j
from the belief that every man who ;
died in battle for his country went to j
heaven. It is derived from the Slavonic j
word, "Hurraj," which means "to j
"What Are You Giving Me??This j
oft-repeated expression?indicative of j
disbelief?which has been added to the |
vocabulary of slang, has noles3 a sourcf I
than the Bible. It may be found it i
the thirty-eighth chapter of Genesis.
A Cat May Loox at a King.?This ,
saying is said to have the following |
origin: When Charles IE. was fleeing, j
in disguise, from England to France, ;
he was sitting on deck directing tbe
conrse of the vessel, when one of tho
eailors filling his pipe near by. blew
some of the tcbacco in his fase. The I
master of the ship ordered the marine I
to go further away from the "gentle- j
man," when he, grumblingly, replied, j
quite igrorant as to the quality of the j
passenger : ''A cat may look at a king." j
"Sweet Bt-JlKD-By."?This popular
hymn was th9 work of two men?Joseph
P. Webster, now dead, who composed
the music, and Dr. F. S. Bennett,
at the present time a resident of Richmond,
111., the author of the verses.
The two wrote a hymn-book in 1874,
and "The Sweet By-and-By" was one ol
the pieces jointly produced for it. Th;suggestion
came from a chance remark
by Webster, who was habitually despondent,
that all would bo weli "by-ana
by." Bennett at onco made th"
rhvmAsr and Webster brrracht trxlC' I
music out cf a fiddle, which was hi.
customary aid in composition. Th<?
hymn-book had its day, and is forgotten
; but this one tune is put into everj
new publication o! the kind, and has *
sale of about 10,000 copies a year ir
sheet form. Dr. Bennett sajs that heand
Webster were not orthodox Chris
tianfl when the hymn was written, and
that he is now even a less believer.
As Dead as a Hebuisg.?This es
pression has a Bimple origin. The her
ring, which when fat is called j
"bloater," die3 immediately upon it.removal
from the rea. It wants air,
and can live only in salt water; where
as eels live a long time after leaving itnative
element Swimming so near the
surface, as it does, the herring require*
much air, and the gills when dry canno!
perform their function?that of breathing.
Grog.?Admiral Vernon, the name
after whom Mount Vernori was named?
was the first to requixe his men to
drink their spirits mixed witii water.
In bad weather he was in the habit of
wzlking the deck in a rough grogram
cloak, and hence had obtained the
name of "Old Grog" in the service.
Such was; the name applied to rem and
Limbo ob Lbibus.?[Lat. "Limbus,''
a border.] A region supposed by som6
of the old scholastic theologians to lie
on the edge or confines cf hell, Here,
it was thought, the sonls of just men,
not admitted into heaven or into purga- ;
tory, remained to await the general
resurrection. Such were the patriarchs
and other pious ancients who died before
the birth of Christ. Hence the
"limbo" was called "limbus patrum."
According to some of the schoolmen
there was also a "limbus puerporum''
or "infantum," a similar place allotted
to the sools of infants dying unbap- i
uzeu. lU 'Uiese wuo auucu,iu yu^uiiH
opinion, a "limbus fainorum," or fool's
paradise, the receptacle of all vanity
Jack Eetch.?A han|;man or exeoutioner,
commonly so called from one
John Ketch, a wretch who lived in tha
time of James II., and made himself
universally odious by the butchery of
many brave and noble victims, particularly
those sentenced to death by the
infamous Jeffreys during the "Bloody
Halcyon Days.?Halcyone was the
wife of Celyx, and the latter having
met his death by drowning, Halcyone
cast herself into the ses, with the dead
body, and both were transformed into
the kingfisher bird. The animal lays
its eggs on rocks near the sea in calm
mid-winter, and the "halcyon days" are
therefore seven days before and after
the winter soletice. ?
A Bone to Pick.?It waa an old marriage
custom in Sicily for the bride's
father to rive the bridegroom a bone,
saying: "Pick this in order to show how
yon can manage a wife, which is more
difficult than picking a bone." This is ;
o oommrsn oTTilfl-naHnn ? Vint thflnraetice i
of throwing bones io dogs is a cuwe !
natural method of accounting for the I
A Train Robber's Cftiifrssion,
The confession of John Land, the *
Missouri train robber, is in substance i
that he ia a well-digger by trade. He j
was approached by two men who proposed
the train robbing to him. Ee :
" As near a* c?n judge, it was a lit- |
tie after 8 o'clock when got np, took
down my rifle, and, slipping ont in my
sock-feet, got away -without rousinr
any of the family. Upon arriving tt
the cut I gave the signal agreed upon.
It was answoied. and I stepped forward 1
and was met by Tesse Jamc-s. All the !
members of the old gang were there? j
sis of thom?and Armstrong snd Deerdaff,
whom I knew before, and who i
had joined the regular gang a shore
time before ; but I was the only ono of
the neighborhood boys who had got
there. Shortly after Creed Clwpm^n
and John Bugler pave ihe siga&l and
_ ,-11? T?i,v, I
C3XH013) ZCU1U Wliig vua ia?-uv ;
alono. Pxelty scod the train was heard j
coming, and Jesse said : 'Boys, we who ]
are older hands at the business will j
stop ihe train, go through tho cars, and j
get what there i3 there. You fellovs
run along the outside and fire fifteen or
twenty apiece to scare tho pa330Eg?s.'
Jesse stocd upon a pile o: rocss on the
track swinging a lantern, and the train
came to a stop within a lew feet of the
obstruction. Captain John Bulger and
1; -- ?U.
HJV3G1I BGUOU <Jll lilts suum o;uo *. * uu*. i
track, while John Mott and two others
were on the other side. The first thin;?
they did was tc break into the express
car. We all had nr. white masks, and as
I began at oncc lire, and the excite- I
ment rose, I c;id r.oc notice who it wa& !
who went into the cars. Before -we had
been long at work I saw a man comc
from the trail-, with a lantern and star,
to run east. John Bslger called out:
" Look there, what does that mean ?'
Creed Chapman at once fired at him,
followed by Bulgor. I took the third I
shot. Just then somo one called oni i
from the train, 4 Don't shoot him, ho is
going to flag the freight.' Af'^r the
men in the cars got through ihey cam6 |
to the head of the engine and were
jciued by these o' the north side, and
then all c? thsm came oyer and
j riued us on the south side. We ail
started eff togeiter, went through
the wire uce, and wez>t due soath. for
eorne distance, when wo were haitcd by
Jesse Jamen, who said: 'Boys, it i3
trt iltit men wVio cive?s this sway.
uguuxi vv ..... n - - ? _ #
Go to your homes as though nothing
had happened, and n.eet me on the east
fork of the Blue next Wednesday night
?one week f,:om that night--and we
will divide equally.' We then separated,
and I went home and to bod
without disturbing the family."
Eeginning with the robbery of tho
Liberty bank in 1866, this band hss
plundered fourteen banks, as many railroad
trains, the cashier's office of the
T?.?,coo n*f.t? to-r <rrftnnrl?s in hroaddav.
jixauovw v.iy ?? ** ? ? , (
and numerous stages. Ko lees than
twentv detectives and sispocted neighbors
have boon assassinated. This record
has not been made, hoF3Y?r.
without tho loss oi fourfesa lives on the j
part of the ontluws, and tha
ment oi abo-*U twelvs more. Frank
James and Ommings are the ojjJ* j
ores left at large.
A doctor at Brhznoa.'] sa^it that if por-ple
will tiko a bsth in hr-t rrViiYy and rooX Kilt
.irice a year thay vill nsv^r ca,tch a Cold.
Until ftoinebo ly had tried thw nex r*ai?rty -re
would ?tyrook to ths old md roliibla Ds?
Ball's Coagh Syrap.
ZAJS.H, fcrABDIr^ AAH HULSLttUliU.
A Weak-A need Colt.
"Weakness of theljnees in a young
horse after having been driven a few
miles is due to the bafr-k tendons being
overworked. These either lose their
proper tension cr become contracted,
cansing the knees in either case to
tremble and eive way. / The remedy is
to apply stimulating and astringent
lotions from the knee,'downward on the
back of the leg, and'to let the colt rest
for a few weeks ; a laced bandage on
tfc.e leg below the knee might be
A Usefal Table.
To aid farmers in arriving at accuracy
in estimating the amount of land
under cultivation, the following table
is given :
6 yards wido by 95S jards lone contains 1 acre.
Id yards wide by >ards long contains 1 acre.
2o yards wide by 242 yard" '"ng contains 1 acre.
4-0 yards wide Uy 121 yards Ions contains 1 acre.
Si j urds wide by 6; ?> yards Iour contains 1 acre.
70 yards wide by CS^yards ;odk contains 1 acre.
2l'0 feet wide by 198 feet long contains i acre.
4-10 feet wide by 92 feet lonR contains 1 acre.
U'J leet wide by 3G9 feot lon^ contains 1 acre:
f)il 'cet wide br 726 lect Ions contains 1 acre,
l j) leet wide by o63 feet long contains 1 acre.
240 feet wide by 181^ feet long contains 1 acre.
To purify a room, set a pitcher of water
in the apartment, and in a few hours
it will have absorbed all the respired
gases in the room, the air of which will
have become purer, but the water utterly
filthy. The colder the water is, the
greater the capacity to contain tnese
ga3es. At ordinary temperature a pail
of water will absorb a pint of carbonic !
acid gas and several pints of ammonia.
The capacity is nearly doubled by reducing
the water to the temperature of
ice. Hence, water kept in a room
awhile is unfit for use. For the same
reason water frcm a pump should always
be pumped out in the morning before
any of it is used. Impure water is
more injurious than impure air.
Soots for Cows.
In Europe, says the American Cut
enter, the carrot is grown to a great
extent for feeding cattle in the winter
months. Roots of some kind are led
the winter through to cows. An Iowa
raiser of Jersey cows says he is accustomed
to feed carrots, of which he
usually_raised six hundred bushel s per
acre. Uarrots id crease tne flow oi mil*
and improve the appearance and quality
of the butter. Beets are preferable to
carrots for increasing the flow of milk;
the milk, however, which is produced
from beets is not as good for butter.
The breeder mentioned above has found
it difficult to raise his calves on clear
Jersey milk, and advises the feeding of
thai which has been skimmed.
How to riant a Tree.
To those unacquainted with treeplanting
the process seems very much
of a mystery. Yet there are but a few
things necessary to success. A tree
should be taken ont of the gronnd with
all tho roots possible. If many roots
are cut off in digging, there must be a
corresponding thinning of the branches
as a compensation. The roots must
net be allowed to dry. A tree with its
roots exposed to a drying air can no
more live than can a fish out of water.
The next thing is the planting. The
hole should be large enough to take in
the roots as the? were before. Good
fresh soil should be on hand?not fresh
manure, that is injurious?and the soil
pressed and trod in very firmly around
the tree. This firm treading brings the
soil and th9 roots close together at once,
and the small roots soon commence to
draw a supply of moisture from the
ground. After planting, a mulching of
leaves, manure, or similar material may
be placed around the tree to its advantage.
After this the tree should
Gardes Seasoning: for Food.
Many people have the idea that a
finely flavored dish must cost a great
deal; that is a mistake. If yon have
untainted meat or sound vegetable,
or even Indian meal, to begin with, yon
can make it delicious with proper
seasoning. One reason that French
cooking is much nicer than any other is
that it is seasoned with a great variety
of herbs and spices; these cost very
litttle. If you would bay a few cents
worth at a time, yon would soon have a
good assortment. The best kinds 3re
sage, thyme, sweet marjoram, tarragon,
mint, sweet basil, parsley, bay leaves,
cloves, mace, celery seed and cnions.
If yon will plant the seed of any of
these first seven mentioned, in little
boxes on your window sill, or in a sunny
spot in your yard, you can raise all you
need. Gather and dry as follows:
Parsley and tarragon should be dried in
June and July, jasfc before flowering ;
miat in June or Jcly; thyme, m&joram
and savory in Jaly and Augnst; basil
and sage in August and September. All
herbs sbouid be gathered in the sunshine
and dried by artificial heat. Their
flavor is best preserved by kcepiag
them in air tight tin cans, or in tightly
corked glass bottles.
Cliiclis fn tiie Garden.
It is a very excellent practice to place
newly-hatched broods in an inclosed
garden that the older folks do not have
access to. Confine the mother hen in
a coop, rvhich may be placed in the
shads of any small fruit tree or bnsh.
*? * ? ' *l 2 -3 .1! L
as chicks require soxc &au ueuuaie xuuu |
at first it is difficult to feed them if
their coops ere placed where the rest of
tho flock can pillage freely. The London
Gardener's Chronicle speaks of the
valuable service of little chickens in the
garden as follows: 'J? bey run about, i
doing no harm, their little bodies and J
feet leave no impression on the soil; |
they do not scratch, seem never dissat-:
isfi.ed, but find pleasure only in the pursuits
of food or in basking in a warm
co;mer in the sun's rajs. While in this
6tage of infantile innocence the little
creatures can in the garden perform a
va?t amount of good. Their little eyes
spy out and little bUls gather myriads
of insects that are not c-asily visible to
th? human eye. Perhaps owing to the
vevy minute nature of the food they
gather, arising from their characteristic
voracity, they are almost always roaming
about and doing useful work. Meanwhile
the clucking and actions mother
may be kept'secure in a bottomed coop,
Wiucn, removed nere ana mere in tue
garden, will allow the chicken3 to enjoy
fresh feeding each day.
VTJien to Cut Grain.
Home of the correspondents of the
Now England Homestead are going fot
Superintendent Sanborn of the Collego
Farm for claiming that grass should not
be cut until it is in bloom in a very
shtirpway. One of them says:?"After
reading Professor Sanborn's writings I
must say that I am very much astonished
th&t any practical farmer, and certainly
a professor in a State college, should
advocate the cutting of grass in bloom,
or a, few days subsequently. I have
bad fifty years' experience in cutting
and feeding hay. Many seasons muc'a
~.Z ii tmh /?r?+ lo+rt Dnr TYroqcni..
U1 TTCfcO VUU ivu AUWVI v
crop gives the best satisfaction of any
I ever fed, and four-fifths of it was cut
in June. From my experience I am
satisfied that 1,500 pounds of timothy
cnt one week previous to bloom will
make more butter, beef or mutton than
2,000 pounds one week subsequent to
bloom. Nine tons are cut too late
where one is cut too early. There was
an article in the Homestead, I think two
? -* ? ?- ?4 ?? f A V?a
yV&LE U JLlWi'u ?>UXU-L jJ<- x wiju? wv/
the experiments of a German chemist
with grass, claiming that if cut while
green 88 per cent was nutriment; when
! in blossom, G2 per sent.; aad when seed
is fully formed or ripe, thirty-one per
' cent, nutriment. I am no chemist, bat
think that article worth more than bdt
' other I ever read. If that is near a fair
representation of the value of grass in
the different stages, Professor Sanborn
*.3Tnf?aHn? ilio -nrr,<ito. nl millions ifl
the Middle and Eastern States, 8nd I
hope he will recent and be converted
froai the error of hia wajs.
Permnrono# of lUansre*.
At a late meeting of tbo Eltnir* (N
T.) Farmers' Club, by S-.o Hu*bari<3m*n,
the diecuMion tarafirft t>p?n
the length of time dnrmcr ^hich * coaling
of manure will b^ntSt Biiccimsfre
crops. One speaker s&idth?t it was
j impossible to ?ar her aian of a Heary
covering of manure is taken np by any
single crop. The benefits are sometimes
distributed over several years. The uncertain
element in computing the value
of manure is this distribution through
successive crops. Besides, .there is
something to be credited to the action
of manurs in releasing fertility latent
before its application?the changed condition
that permits crops to appropriate
what was already in the soil, but not
avauauie wiiiiuuu unuuxc.
an application of manure shows plainly
through several succeeding crops. As
a rule, he doubted if a good dressing i3
more than one-third appropriated by
the next grain crop. Another said that
cabbage would take all the elements
contained m a dressing of manure, and
the next speaker declared that though
it might take all the elements it could
appropriate, there would be something
left for wheat or oats or corn?elements
that cabbage cannot use. The best crop
of wheat he ever raised "was on land that
came into his possession after it had been
used steadily for oats so long that the
crop had ran down to twenty-two bushels
to the acre. He fitted that land for
wheat, and got forty-four bushels. The
oats had exhausted elements that went
into their composition, bnt without
manure there was something left for
wheat. W. S. Carpenter, a member of the
club, says: "Manuring heavily is like
eating a great deal. I take a gTeat deal
of food, bnt to balance the account I
must work a great deal. If I fail to
do that, there is a penalty?sickness. I
may eat and work, but, without work,
aairrr mndnvof/a oafincn io Viptt.OT t.Tiftn
'"J W-.W.-WW v?. ? 0~
full indulgence. So with land?if manured
heavily it most turn off big crops
or the farmer who pays the cost will get
sick. Give me manure and I will try
to get good crops, but I have to try
without full supply, for manure cannot
be bought at sucli rates as will leave
profit in grain crops. Now I must say
that my opinions have changed somewhat
about the ways of using ,znanure
to get most profit out of it, but I have
a rule that I can stand by; get the manure
in the soil, no matter how, so it gets
| in the earth with a little covering. Once
I ?*> +V>a c?v?l 4+ in cafe- tVioro is nfthhinc t.n
lose. Pile and rot, handle and expose
it, and there is waste?waste, besides
labor lost. I would rather have two
loads raw, than rotted in to one load
yes, one and a half loads raw than two
rotted into one. For my use the soil
will take care of all the value when the
rp.w manure is put into it, and it will
extract the fertilizing elements, no
matter how raw the manure when it
goes in. I do not accept the theory
that raw manure is not good for wheat.
No doubt fine manure is better, but
even wheat will stand raw manure in
the soil, and if it doesn't take all there
is in it, the next crop will get something.
I do not believe any single grain
crop will exhaust a heavy dressing of
manure. Tobacco may do it, so far as I
the elements it appropriates are concerned,
bnt even after that crop something
would be left to support a succeeding
grain crop?and tobacco is
more exhausting to the land than anything
else we raise.
Tkipe.?To prepare tripe for the
table you shonld order it the day before
you "wish to serve it; scrape it
thoroughly, wash it in several waters
until it is perfectly tender; let it drain
in a platter all night. Next day cut it
in small pieces and fry in hot lard after
having rolled the pieces in flonr. To
serve with this, make a rich, brown
gravy, using a little of the lard in which
the tripe was fried. If for breakfast,
send baked potatoes, fried apples, and
tomatoes with it; the tomatoes may be
canned ones, cooked, and with thin
slices of toasted bread put in the bot
torn of tne iisn.
Hoe Cake.?Scald one quart of corn,
make with jnst enough hot water to
make a thick batter; stir in two large
spoonfuls of butter; beat this a little
before mixing it with tho butter so it
wiil rise readily; add halt a teaspoonful
of salt. Thi3 should be baked at least
three-quarters of an honr; butter the
tins well in which it is baked; serve hot,
Stuffed Touatoes.?Choose a dozen
large, round tomatoes, cut them off
smooth at the stem end, take ont the
seed and pulp; take a pound of lean
steak and two plices of bacon ; chop
them line with tho inside of the tomatoes
; season with a ficdj-chopped
cnicn fried, a dessertspoonful" of salt,
half a teaspoonfuLof white pepper, as
much cayei>iiO'~pepper as you can take
on the end of a knife, and a tablesnoonful
of finely-chopped parsely; add four
rolled crackers, and if too etilT. thin
with stock, water or cold gravy; fill the
tomatoes with this fcrco meat, packing
tight; sift cracker crumbs over the top
l.rva fr*- on Tvyii>? in a
ttJLJ Lt JLKJX UU *?V i** am M
Ceeam Cakes.?"Water, two and onoJialf
cupiuls; flour, two cupfuls ; butter,
one rupful; fivo eggs; boil the
butter and water together ; stir in the
flour while boiling ; after it is cool add
the eggs, well beaten; put a large
spoonful in muffin ring?, and bake
twenty minutes in a hot oven. The
? M _ J _ _ LI*:*. ?m.+ w .
| cream lor inem is maua lu mxa ?aj . i
J Put over the fire one cupful of miik
| and not quite one cupful of sugar; one
egg mixed with three teaspoonfuis of
j cornstarch and one tablespoonfol of
butter; when cool, add vanilla to the
taste; boil a few minutes only; open
the cakes and fill them with this cream.
They are easily made and are delicious
Many Months ou a Desert Island.
Papers brought bj the Cape mail
steamer Baltimore Castle slate that the
American corvette MarioD, Commander
Terry, arrived at Cape Town from
Heard's I>iand, bringing the survivors
of the crew of the American bark Trinity,
thirty-three in number, who were
wrecked at Heard's Island in October,
1880. The Trinity, Captain John L.
Williams, sailed from Nov London,
Conn, on June 1, 1S80, bound on a
whaling and sealing voyage in the
Southern ocean, and arrived at Heard'a
' ? - - ^ v a i rsr>r\ rni 1 i_
island on uctoDer z, ioov. jlub uar&
anchored on the island, which is uninhabited,
and is situated in latitude
fifty-three degrees south, longitude
seventy-three degrees east. Until
October 17 all went "well, but on
that day, during a heavy gale, the
bark -dragged into four fathoms of
water. The anchors had to be slipped
and the vessel was beached in order to
save the lives of the crew. At the time
the weather was intensely cold, and
while the crew were being landed seven
of them had their limbs badly frostbitten.
With this exception the landing
was effected without accident. The
same night the Trinity floated off
o?<3 ttoh hlnwn to sea. since
wliicfc: time no trace cf her
ha? been found. From October 17.
1SS0, the shipwrecked crew, numbering
thuty-five originally, remained on the
island until they were rescued. Fortunately,
in landing, the crew managed
to save some three months' scpply of
provisions from the wreck. This, supplemented
by sea-elephant, penguin
flesh, and penguin eggs, wit* some sea
cabbage, formed the diet of the crew.
On landing the captain and crew found
I anrrsn cmnll Wnn^fiH huts. WLicll had i
been placed there by various whalers
who occasionally visit the place in,
search of sea-elephants. These huts
formed a most wolcome shelter. During
the sixteen months of their enforced
captivity the sailers were engaged
in hunting sea-elephants. In
the winter season, and, in fact, during'
most of the year, the men suffered
much from the intense cold, and on
January 30.1881, two of tho crow,named
Jicrnard Kelly and George "Watson,'
while out hrj.-licg and when crossing a
glacier, wore overcome by the cold and
vere frozen to death. On the 15th of
February, about 5 p. ir., the forlorn'
<5<*ohi Al H Knit, nriinc alone the' i
coast. Signal* vera mad? to her by
jaejjw oi llmVets, er.d the eteaiaer
?hich proved to bo the SJ-aion, st orca
made for tliO Miol-orago. Early next
raorhin^ to* vrecLrxI n<?rinrir3 vera
tracsfeire? t? hv. Bird's Inland is
a bleak islwii -?f v-vsanic cr'jrm, and is i
: about thirty l^ng by three miles
i wide.?Londvn Tvr.es.
A Modern Witch.
In this age of intelligence, and beneath
the shadow of half a dozen
school-houses and churches, one would
hardly suppose that there is supersti;
tion enough to lead people to regard
the sham mummery and clumsy ant:C3
of an old woman as being those of a
witch. But such is the fact. There is
now living in an alley running into
Liberty street a woman who proiesses
to be endowed with supernatural power
and whose conduct is as gross as it is
grotesqv a. She never enters her own
house without leaping backward and
forward over the sill of her door, and
when she goes into a neighbor's house
she does the same tiling. She is constantly
engaged in incantation when
not employed at her ordinary work, and
whispers ominously of her power to
spread or stay disease. Absurd as these
things are, they have produced singular
effects on some of the neighbors. A
woman living next door to the witch
actually believes that her children are
more or less affected by her influence,
as they have had all the diseases common
to children, while other children
in the same neighborhood^whom the
witch like 3, go unharmed. These ridiculous
beliefs and fea*^ are producing
considerable excitement, and the witch
enjoys her reputation. She anathematizes
and blesses such as incur her disfavor
or favor, and revels in the fact
that she is feared by the ignorant.?
Uarrisburg [Pa.) Telegraph.
Twenty Years a Sufferer.
R. V. Pxesce, SL I)., Buffalo, N. Y.: Dear
Sir? Twenty years ago I was shipwrecked on
tho Atlantic ocean, and the cold and exposure
caused a large abscess to form on each leg,
which kept continually discharging. Aftei
spending Hundreds of dollars, with no benefit.
I tried your " Golden Medical Discovery " and
now, in less than three months after taking
the first bottle, I am thankful to say I am
completely cured, and for the first time in tei.'
years can put my left heel to the ground- I
am yours, William Bxdeb, 87 Jefferson
street, Buffalo. N. Y.
Thebe are 6G5 savings banks in the United
States, with $900,000,000 deposited by 2,000,000
depositors, the average deposit being $350.
Thousands of women bless the day on which
Dr. Pierce's "Favorite Prescription" was
made known to them. In all those derangements
causing backache, dragging-down sensations,
nervous and general debility, it is a
sovereign remedy. Its soothing and healing
properties render it of the utmost value to
ladies suffering from "internal fever," congestion,
inflammation or ulceration. By druggists.
The Texas cattle trade promises to be unusually
laige the coming season. The drove
will amount to some 300,000 head.
una original "Little Liver Pills" are Dr.
Pierce's "Pleasant Purgative Pellets," and
are extensively imitated. They cnre sick and
bilious headache. Private government stamp
with Dr. Pierce's signature and portrait mark
the genuine. By druggists.
The yield of maple sugar in Vermont for
18S1 was about 12,000,000 pounds.
'Wilmington, Del., Aug. 18,1881.
H. H. Waesee & Co.: Sirs?I have used
your Safe Kidney and Liver Cure for difficulty
?m fvir? *1 r?o rrv nrcfona or?/1 qa for aa v?ri
Ill biic uiAXiu?i j vigu>iM| uti-4VA, uv ioi ?kj uuuiau
foresight can judge, have been permanently
cured. John Barrroy. "
It co3t $78,629,000 Jto bnild and repair fences
in the United States in 1879.
Eifflit Hundred Thousand People.
There are already booked for passage to this
country in 1882 nearly a half million people,
and it is estimated that 800,000 will emigrate
from Europe and Canada to the West and
In consequence of this vast throng, the " Albert
Lea Route" (Chicago, Eock Island and
Pacific Eailroad) has been compelled to pnt
upon ita line an additional Fast Express Tra>"n.
composed of most elegant day and night cars,
leaving Chicago at 11 a. it., and reaching Minneapolis
early the next morning in ample time
to allow those going to Northern Minnesota,
Dakota or Manitoba to obtain their breakfast
and make the connection for all points North
This train is run especially to connect with
the new express trains which the Northern Pacific,
and St. Paul, Minneapolis and Manitoba
railroads (the latter connecting with the Canadian
Pacific at St. Vincent) have Just put
ftrv.n t.TiAir 1in?.Q
The regular evening express train from Chicago
will be ran as heretofore, and make connections
from Minneapolis for all points in the
territory named above.
It is important, and travelers should bear it
in mind, that there arc no carriage transfers
by the "Albert Lea Boute," passengers being
landed in Union Depots at Minneapolis St.
This is the route to *jgavel vstflvt sure connections,
and is the pSSSwrteat and most comfortable
line in the Northwest.
The trains of the " Albert Lea Route" leave
Chicago from ^ihpMSfepot of the Great Bock
Island, thasoH'favorite with travelers destined
fcaJtsBJasa. Colorado. New Mexico, Arizona and
4fie Pacific Coast.
Send your address to E. St John, General
Ticket and Passenger Agent, Chicago, and
obtain our new illustrated Western Tbasu
On Thirty l)ny?' TrlaJ.
The Voltaic Belt Co., Marshall, Mich., will
send their Electro-Voltaic Belts aud other Electric
Appliances on trial for thirty days to any
person afflicted with Nervous Debility, Lost
Vitality, and kindred troubles, guaranteeing
complete restoration of vigor and manhood.
Address as above without delay.
P. S.?No risk is incurred, as 30 days' trial is
rna only nope or oaia neads?uarooiine, a
deodorized extract of petroleum. Every objection
removed by recent improvement It is
now faultless. The only cure for baldness and
the moat delicate hair dressing known.
jfube cod-ljveb oil, from selected livere, on
the seashore, by Caswell, Hazard & Co., N. Y.
Absolutely pure and sweet. Patients who havtonce
taken it prefer it to all others. Physician*
declare it superior to all other oils.
Chapped hands, lace, pimples aud rough skin
cured by using Juniper Tar Soap, made by Caswell,
Hazard & Co., New York.
The Science of Life, or Self-Preservation, a '
medical work for every man?young, middleaged
or old. 125 invaluable prescriptions.
ITENRY'S CARBOLIC SAL YE
fs the BEST SALVE for Cuts, Braises, Sores, Ulcers,
Salt Rheum, Tetter, Chapped Hands, Chilblains,
Corns and all kinds of Skin Eruptions, Freckles and
Pimples. Get HE>*RY'S CARBOLIC SALVE, as al
others are counterfeits. Price 25 cents.
?*-r? nnrrvii nWCSVlTPI) RTTTTRS
Is the best Remedy for Djspepsia, Biliousness, Ma
(aria, Indigestion and Diseases ot the Blood, Kid
aeys, Liver, Skin, etc.
DEOT02FS BALSAM cures Coughs, Colds, Rheumatism,
Kidney Troubles, etc. Can be used externally
as a plaster.
Use RED HORSE POWDER for Horses and Cattle, j
ALLEN'S Brain Food-cures Nervous Debility & I
Weakness of Generative Organs, SI?all druggists. |
Beef Cattle?Prime, live weight 10 @ 11
Calves? Com'n to Choice Veals. 7 @ 10
Sheep 7 @ 1%
Lambs 8 @ d%
Hogs?Live 7 @ 7%
Dressed, city 8%@
Flour?Ex. State, good to fancy 5 20' @ 8 25 J
Western, good to choice 5 SO @ 8 75 |
Wheat?No. 2 Ked, new 1 42%@ 1 42%
No. 1 White, new 138 @1 38% I
~ M fa 93 I
itye?aiaie ? w
Baiiey?Two-rowed State..... 92 @ 98
Com?Ungraded WestomMixed 81 @ 84&?
Yellow Southern 84 @ 84
Oats?White State 61 @ 66%
Mixed Western 60 @ 63
Hay?Prime Timothy 85 @ 90
Straw?No. 1, Rye 60 @ 65
Hops?State, 1881, choice 24 @ 24
Pork?Mesa, new, for export...17 G2%@17 75
Lard-City Steam 11 12%@11 12%
Refined 1150 @1150
Petroleum?Crude 6%@ 7]/s
Refined 7^@ 7>?
Butter?State Creamery, Sue.. 40 @ 45
Dairy ? @48
Western Im. Creamery 37 @ 42
Factory ? @ 3S
Cheese?State Factory *. 7 @ 13
Skims 1 @ 6
Western 8 @ 12%
? - ^ 1Q /? Isl/
liggs?state ana renn ^ vsy
Potatoes?Early Eoso.state,bbl S 25 @3 50
Steers?Extra 6 45 ? 6 70
Lambs?Western 6 50 @7 60
Sheep?Wr.-teia 5 75 @6 25
Hogs, Good to Choice Yorkers.. 6 65 ? 6 SO
Flour?C'vGround, Xo. 1 Spring 6 75 @ 7 25
Wheat?No. 1. KardLiulutn 147 @147
Com?No. 2 Mixed G8%@ 69
Oats?Xo. 2 Mis. West 47 "@ 47
TWi-Tv-Hro/l StnfA 90 C(t 90
AJUJXl'J *HV-4Virw? ....... , .
Besf?Extra plate and family. .13 00 @13 00
Hogs?Live 7%@ 8
Hogs?City Preyed 9)s@
Pork?Extra Prime pel bbl... .14 25 @11 75
Flour?Spring "Wheat Patents.. 7 50 @9 00
Corn?Hi.-h Mixed 82 @ 83
Oata?Extra White CO @ 61%
Rve?State 97 @ 1 00
Wool?Washed Comb J: Delaine 46
Unwashed " " 30 @ 31
H'ATEBTOW.V (JIASS.) CATTLE XABKrf.
Beef?Extra quality 7 00 @ 7 50
Sheep?Livo weight & (f? 0#
Lama9 7 @ 8
Hogg, Northern, d. v 8,3?? 8%
Ftour?Penn. Ex. Family, good 6 25 ? G 25
Wheat?No. 2 lied 140 @ i 40
Rye?State 97 @ 97
Com?btate Yellow 69%^ 60%
Oats?Mixed ?9 @ 59
Butter?Creamery Extra Pa.,., ii @
Cheese?New York Full Cream. 13 @ 13
Petroleum?Crude 6 @ 7
Refined 7%@ 7J*
Half the diseases of the human family spring
from a disordered stomach, and may be prevented
by invigorating and toning that abused
and neglected organ with Hosteler's Stomach
Bitters. Let it be borne in mind that the liver,
the kidneys, the intestine-, the muscles, the
ligaments,'the bones, the nerves, the integuments,
are all renewed and nourished by the
blood, and that the digestive organs are the
grand alembic in which [the materials of the
vital fluid are prepared- " When the stomach
fa.ilo Yvr^tri^Q nnnriqfcmP.nfc for itf
dependencies they necessarily suffer, and the
ultimate result, if the evil is not arrested, will
be chronic and probably fatal disease somewhere.
It may be developed in the kidneys in
the form of diabetis, in the liver as congestion,
in the muscles as rheumatism, in the nerves as
para'ysis, in the integuments as scrofula. Remember,
however, that each and all of these
consequences of indigestion may be prevented
by the timely and regular use of that sovereign
antidote to dyspepsia, Hostetter's Eittera.
According to the Bombay Gazette the total
number of cases of cholera during the past yeai
was 30,966, of which 14,232 proved fatal.
Don't Die in the Home.
Ask druggists for " Bough on Rata." It clears
out rats, mice, bedbugs, roaches, vermin, flies,
nta, insects. 15c. per box.
Send name and address to Cr&gin & Co.,
Philadelphia. Pa., for cook book free.
AH Humors Eradicated.
Vegetute thoroughly eradicates every kind
of humor, and restores the entire system to a
The Barks, Boots and Herbs
FBOJI WHICH VEGET12TE IS MADE
IN POWDER FORM
50 Cents a Package.!
For Kidney Complaint and Nervona
Islkbobo, Me., Dec. 28,1877.
Me. Sikvkss?Dear Sir: I had had a Couj?h for IS
years when I commenced talcing the vegettne. i was
very low; my system was debilitated by disease. I
had the Kidney Complaint, and was ver7 nervons?
cough bad, lungs sore. When I had taken one bottl?
I found it was helping me; it has helped my cough
and it strengthens me. I am now able to do mv
work I know it is everything it is recommended to
be. Never have found anvthing like the Vegetdcz.
UB8. A. J. PENDLETON.
Dr.W. ROSS Writes:
Scrofula, Liver Com pi ai n t, Djspepsia,
I have been practicing medicine for 25 years, and
as a remedy for Scrofula, Liver Complaint, Dyspepaia,
Rheumatism, Weakness, and all diseases of the
blood, I havfc never found its equal. I have sold
Vegetixe for seven years, and have never had cue
bottle returned. I would heartily recommend it *o
those in need of a blood purifier.
DR. W. BOSS, Druggist, Wilton. Iowa.
Each package will make. In quantity, aco oomvtoj
Vegetlne Uqjiid, or about three pints, after the Barks,
[ Roots and Herbs are steeped.
Vesretlne in Powder Form is sold by all druggists
and general stores. If vou cannot buy it of
them, inclose 50c. in postage stamps for one package,
or $1 for two packages, ana I will send it by return
Vegeiine IsSoldjyall Druggists.
MOST FERTILE SECTIONS OF*THE U. S.
Garden Plots, 5 to 25 acres, on Long Island, only
$25 per Acre by Installments.
Small Farms in Florida, Georgia, Virginia and
Colonies and Families located.
Write for particulars. State locality preferred.
THE U. S. LAND & IMPROVEMENT CO.
*? ? ..56 i*in<s iVe?r r?? A.
Coupons Attached SIX per cent per Annum.
Secured by Mortgage on Vat liable Real Estate
Better than Governments. Suitable for men o 1
small means. Eeadily turned into cash.
Refer to leading banks and bankers.
Fall information by applying to
U. S. LAND Os IM PROVEMENT CO.,
36 l'ine St-. Xetv Yorlt.
FOR LADIES ONLY.
Tha "Ladies'Medical Association." Remedies for
all diseases of women are prepared by the most cornintent
and reliable physicians, who have made such
diseases a special life study. Patients can be successfully
treated by mail. Advice fbze. Letters
strictly confidential. Send description of symptoms;
or. if not in need of remedies, send for oar
" Hints to Ladies," which ffives novel and Interesting
information/or iadicx only. It will please yon.
Free. Address Mrs. S?A KAH J. VAN BUREJi.
Secretary, 19'2 Franklin Street. Bnffalo, N. Y.
Gout, Gravel, Diabetes. The Vegetal French Sallcj-ates,
onl7 harmless specifics proclaimed by science,
relieveatonce.cure wfthinfourdays. Box$1,mailed.
Genuine has red seal and signature of LA. Pabis k
Co., only agents. 102 W. 14th St.. K.Y. Ask your druggist
for the Genuine. Write for book and references.
I have a positive remedv for the above disease; by its
use thousands of cases of the worst kind and of long
xi an dins cave dc?h cureu. iuutcv, ?y__r.v .r^r.... /
faith in its efficacy, that I will send IWO BvITLES
i'REE,together wi:h ? VALUABLE TREATISE oil this
disease to anv sufferer. Give Express and P. O. aa:
dress. Db. T. A. SLOCUM. 181 Pearl St.. >?cw York.
MAKE HENS LAY.
An English Veterinary Surgeon and Chemist, no^r
traveling in this country, says that most of the Horse
and Cattle Powders sold here are worthless trash. Hf
says that Sheridan's Condition Powders are absolutely
pure and immensely valuable. Nothing on eartb
wiil make hens lay like Sheridan's Condition Powders.
Dose, one teascoonful to one Dint of food. Sold
JOKNSONji: CO., Bo^o'n.Mn * ><.. +rvrm*rl~ B*T>F'or,M' ?
Parson*' Pnruatlvw Pill* make New Bicn
Blood, and will completely change the blood in the
entire system in three months. Any person who
will take one pill each night from 1 to 12 weeks may be
restored to sound health, if such a thing be possible.
Sold everywhere or sent by mail for 8 letter stamps.
I. S. JOHNSON & CO., Boston, Mobs.,
formerly Bangor, Me?
The ONLY large steel portrait engraved in Line and
Stipple from a photograph designated by Mrs. Garfield
for this engraving; size 18x24. Agents an<f
General Agenw for Co'sand States wanted. Send
for ezira terms. The Hear. Sill Pub. Co.. Norwich.Ct
German Asthma Core neverfails to give town
H media'e relief m the worst ccsesjnsnres comfort- H
n able Bleep; effects carcs where all others fail, A D
CT 'rial convince* the nest skeptical. Price oOc. and H
K331.00?ofDrag?ist3orb7maiL Sample FUEEB
jSjjfcrgraap, PiTkSCHgPMAX,Stfe-ai. ilnrnj
'fcOfl per day at home. Samples worth $5 free.
lU <>t- J AddressSnxsrox &Co..Portland.Maic6.
free. THJS AETLTMA3T <fc TAYLOR CO.. SIanafi?ld.O.
A perfect cure for premature debility. Send foz
circular._ Db. J. KAllR, 8&S Broadway, Xev York
work In th* C. 8. for th? money.
V B 2a *m5 & ^t-MEUi'KkK CAKSIAGE CO, ObM,
Es><Ss5sti?o^0- TerritoryGItto. Qua-ogBtFBEE.
Q1 AA RZXTAILD for caw of Xerrotu Debility, Blood or
<pJ-wV/ KMncy Diwwe noteorrd by Dr. Fitlxk,909TV?I.
n"?, Vhil*. wot fm\ Cnr&cnxr*nt**d.
(T. t* a nsfiHTH?i,^TSmNTED-90 be*C
oelilng art teles Kit he world: Isa.rr.plo fret.
Address Jay XJroncoo, Detroit. Mich.
Yfil.'Nfi MPW~ If you want to learnTelegraphyii
i uuisu iTSk.il a raw months, and be certain of a
situation, address Valentine Bros.. Janesnllc. Wis.
"QUAKER" BRICK. MArHiNE.
ttcllixgtox. o. r 5-pamphlets fkee.
C1ARD COLLKCTOKS. a handsome set of Cards foi
/ thrc-ceat stamp. A. G. Bassstt. Rochester. X.Y
(jcC a week in yonr own town. Terms and *5 outfi'
^ irge. Arid's H.KAT,r.rnT&Co..Portland.Ma:nc
<579 A WEEK. ?1'.' a dav at nonse eaany made. Costlj
v' ? Out lit tree. Add ^ Tuck & Co.. Angu3ta.llaine,
lore than One H
i EVERYBODY WANTS IT258th
t*n i ^ or 8?lf-Pro??rr*.ti
/li / /rr li'l lt7t also 011 tt?
-^^2x^7 // Exc?we* of Matai
-?-*3 Sto. Th# Terr fine*
sv*==K$s&5r Prescription! for all1
SHOW THYSELF. .^iSS is?
zv/ Trn- Self-Prmuimtioa. is the
There is nothing whatever that the married or siajrl
what is fully explained. In short, the book in inval
The best medical woii ever published.?London La
cold and jeweled medal awarded the author of
stowed.?31axsactiit>-ettg Ploughman, Thousands ol
leading Journals?literary, political, rehsrious and t
teed to be a better medical work, in every sense, ihi
money will refunded in every las unco.
Thousands of Copies are sent by mailt m
world, every month, npon receipt of price, f
Address PEABODY MEDICAL 11
4 Balfiaeh 8tr
V. TL?Th? author say be senmltit ca all
DR. TOBIAS' llfl
Kas given universal satisfaction since it has been totroduced
into the United States. After being
tried by millions it has been proclaimed
The Pain Destroyer of the Age! .
Thousands of Physicians recommend \::^WSS
it as an External Remedy Incases
of Chronic Rheumatism. Headache, Toothache,
Mosquito Bites, Cats, Bruises,_ Sprains^Old
Sores. Pains in the limbs, Back and Chest, Pimples,
Blotches, Freckles, Stiffened Joints and Coo- \ ~ JM
tracted Muscles. Its
Wonderful Curative Powers
are Miraculous. M
Taken Internally in cases of Dysentery, Diarrhea,
Seasickness, Cholera, Cronp, Colic, Cramps and Sick
Headache, its soothing aud penetrating qualities
are immediately felt. It is perfectly innocent
TO TAKE 1XTE2NALLY.
READ THE CERTIFICATES.
Warranted for Thirty-four Years
and Never Failed.
No one once trying it will be without it; over 600 - ' i
physicians nsc it. Thousands of certificates have v-"J
been received and a few are given below; $1,000 will
be paid if any one is false.
Prom S T.. ("Vih^n 'Ego., president of the New York
Consolidated Card company, 123 William street.
New Yokk. July 23,18Q.
Dr. Tobias-For thirty years I have u?d yonrLLnl- rSOM
ment in my familv for Diarrhea, Sore Throat,
Rheumatism. Mosquito Bites and inward and oat- -. ,
ward pains. It always cured, I never go to Europe ? 5S|
without it, and many of my friend* there to whom I
have given it ordered supplies from yon. Last
night, at my place at Long Branch, one of my horses
was taken very bad with colic. I used your Hone
Liniment with marvelous effect on him. In an hour
be was well. I trulv believe he would havo died rtjga
without it. Your Condition Powders are all you
represent them to be. I am never withontyour
preparations, Yours truly, S. il COHEN.
State of Kew Jersey. Bergen county, township of
Hackensack, ss.: Thomas Johnson, of said tOTOship,
being duly sworn, doth and say, that he
has been severely afflicted cr.'U rheumatism for
above a year, and was so bad that he conld scarcly
walk being oent almost double, and was utterly niable
to do any work. Having heard of the wonierfnl
mnw m*At> V.rr t~Vr TnhiAS' Wrxti.in t.>rv1?r>ont 1-J?
was induced to try it. and after rising it a short Hznc .
was able to (to to work asrain, al ter being unable to do -r*" ~?^gPP
anything for nearly a year. T. JOHNSON. '^?S?
Sworn to before me, J. H. Beeckebhoff, Justice
of the Peace. ?- - z<#Sa^H
Wliat Horsemen Want.
A GOOD RELIABLE HORSE LINIMENT
AND CONDITION POWDERS.
street; N. zHI
Colonel C. HMH
The Family oH
Horse, 90 cents
cents a box.
SOLD BY TBEst
Depot: 42 Murray StraB
- - ? ? mm C r
Medical Electrician, yj
465 Fulton St., Brooklyn,
May be consulted daily from 10 A. M. to 8 P. M.,/r<v
"THE WILSONIA" MAGJflmc .J' M
UAEMENTS will care every form of Kin. -~
eue, no matter of how long standing. ONE HUN- C >
DEED THOUSAND CUBES in Brooklvn and New Ji
York. WINTER IS UPON US. PBOTECT YOUB- .
SELVES against asthma or consumption by wearing
M WILSONIA" clothing. Cold feet are the precursors
of endless ilia that flesh is heir to. Wear the
W ILiSO NIA " sole# and avoid such danger. ..feaBhfiM
TAKE MEDICINE AND DIE. WEAB "WTf- " '
SONIA" AND LIVE.
BEWABE OF FRAUDS. Boras garments are on <../?38gHH
the market. The44WILSONIA"isstudded**th
metallic eyelets, showing the metals on the face. .11
others are frauds. Sena for pamphlets containiig -' ,~Jfl
testimonials from the best people in America wh*. '
have been cured after all forms of medicine had
tailed. Note our addresses:
?ft '?? wtwiv ST-QTTFT REOOELYN.
wsmsfo Wyost : -Mm
vh.HALL S 1
FOB THEHi I 1 ft 1 li J
Cares Consumption, Colds. Pneanonla, Influenza,
Bronchial Difficulties, Bronchitis, .
Hoarseness, Asthma* Croup, Whtwinr jy|
Cough, and all Diseases of the Breathins
Organs, It soothes and henis the Membrane V
of the Lungs, inflamed and poisoned by tfco >-.--3
disease, and prevents the night sweats and
tightness across the chest which accompany
It. Consamotinn is not an incurable malady.
HALL'S BALSAM will cure yon, ertn
though professional aid fails.
"JUST LET ME SHOW YOU"
| TP d ft. footits
HAND-BOOK OF HEALTH HINTS
UJCiAl/X Ulivix Ml
"Worth. 825. Cost 25c.
' "Punr Hon Talk" asd "Mrrwi- 1
1 OQ PAGEs"of AMi about Dailr
-LZrO Habits, and Keel pes for Core of JD
Common Ailment#; a vxuable Book or
Beference lor every family. Only 25 ct>. -~?c^r?j|
The Hand-book contains chapters on Hj iflene
for all seasons. Common ~ense on
Common His. Hygienic Curative Jieasurw,
Knacks Worth Knowing, Hints on Bathing. -CSSg
on Nursing the Sick, on Emergencies, together
with some of the Private Formr.> ..ttg
of Dr. Foort. and other physicians of hito
repute, and forpreparlns food for Invalids
t&~ AGENTS WANTED.
Murray Hiil Book Publishing Co.. -4H
Iff infill! 129 Fast 2Srn Struct. K*w Yort Crrr.
? = ?
' . \HEE0ffS CSXFOTISD OF ^
pube cod lives 1m
L Oil ACT libebJ j
To Conaomprlves.?Many have been hai>rr
to give their testimony in .favor of tfcc use of " Wr:.son's
Pvbe Cod-Ltveb Oil a>*d Lime." Erperlcr.
has proved it to b? a valuable remedy for Cocxnai.
tion. Asthma, Diphtheria, and all diseases of
TVwwtjmiiT.nnra. Manufactured only by A. B. TV;?.
bob, Chemist, Boston. Sold by all dru^Klsts.
P AGENTS WANTED FOR THE M
Embracing full and authentic accounts of every na H H
tion of ancient and modem times, and including r.
history of the rise and fall of the Greek and Bonus:
, empires, the middle aces, the crusades, the fearia^H
system, the reformation, the discovery and 6ettlJ^^^B
mentof the New World, etc., etc. It contains fo*2R
Sue historical engravings, and is the most comp)m~- IM
History of the World ever published- Send for &tfc.
men paces and extra terms to Agent'. Address
Nation ax. Pubt.tshixo Co.. Philadelphia^a.
AXLE GREASE .4
B?-?t in the world. Get the Jtenaine. Eve*""
pnckaga ha? ?nr Irarie-w" rk an rt i? market.
SOT.D EVERYWHERE. .v;
. ^akea^ssii&^as:sa.'i&: jj
CCV WHT WASTE JtOSZY! Tooot??B?r<M.
51A If TOO nil ? L??n?a? oouucU, #221 . ..
t ISYIGORATS li. K.Ufc ?vw?w ioB-1 !*. bMjjMST^. ^JgB
Tntbtiml Spmirti d?M?7 ?!>?& tiu NEVER YET
7AILTD. SjSoSLT MX CESTS to Dr. J. OO^ZA- G&SjV'
r" Box SMS. Bow. Xmj. 1^*ui ?* ?H HpltMla?.
inPAl IMPROVED ROOT BK?..
I [Ktv 25?.pae*?Rem?kes3 gallon* of - -jflH
r fc IflbU dcUdons, wholesome,srarklint?T??a.1
perance beverage. Ask your dnijnrst, or JB
l mail for 2.1c. C. F- Hirpa. 48
250 tion and good society, i'v?
> paper address, with staa?P. U. -Haaciui, luunccy.-.
filiion Copies Sold!
EVERYBODY NEEDS P7.
Revised and Enlarged. ,
lea. A Great Sledleal TreattheCaase
and Cora of Ex- jff gyX
>"erron? and Physical DebllDtold
Miseries arising from the
re Yean. 300 ?scm> Royal
t steel engraTing*. 12S lnTalnabl*
tcnte sad chronic diseases.
si French MmKn, embossed, fall ,
L.25, by mall. (5ew edition.) -Mhl |WPgy^-, /
E, 6 CENTS. SEND NOW.
m<*t extraordinary work on Physiology exer rmblishM
e of cither sex can either reqnire or *osh to know tat
liable to all who wish for good health.?Toronto GlcU
.rt/M. A Diuittnt ana inyaiuaoie wore.?ueraui.
the Science of Life vu fairly won and worthily t*'
extracts similar to the above could be taken from tlx'
?ienti?c?throughout the land. The book is Kuarrin
m-caa be obtained elsewhere for doable the price, or t~?
levrely waled ud postpaid, u all parts ?f tfci
ISTiTUTE or W. H. PARKER, M. C
eeL, Boston, H?h.